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# WORKSHOP 1

## 1. Calculate the following absolute values:

a. |5 − √15| d. |√11 − 𝜋|
2 6 5
̅|
b. | − 0, 6 e. | − |
3 7 6
c. |3,14 − 𝜋|
2. Find two values of 𝑎 and 𝑏 so that |𝑎 + 𝑏| ≠ |𝑎| + |𝑏| ¿ What conditions must
𝑎 and 𝑏 meet for equality to be met |𝑎 + 𝑏| = |𝑎| + |𝑏|
3. Solve the equation and check the solution:
7+2(𝑥+1) 9𝑥−2
a. = 5
3
2𝑥 3
b. − 2 = 𝑥+1
𝑥−1
c. 4 − √3𝑥 − 2 = 0
2𝑥+5
d. 2 − 3(𝑥 + 1) = 3 − 3(𝑥 + 2)
3𝑥−4
e. √2𝑥 + √8 = 2

4. Solve the equation by factoring or by completing the square
a. (2𝑥 − 1)2 − (3𝑥 − 2)2 = (3𝑥 − 1)2 − 2
4
b. √𝑥 − 4 √𝑥 = −3
c. 𝑥 − √𝑥 − 2 = 2
𝑥−1 𝑥−2
d. 𝑥−2 − 4−𝑥 = 1
e. 5 − 3𝑥 (2𝑥 − 1) = 1 − 7𝑥
5. Solve the inequality. Express the solution using interval notation and graph
the solution set.
a. 2𝑥 − 1 ≤ 3𝑥 + 5 ≤ 5𝑥 − 1
b. 𝑥 2 − 5𝑥 > 2𝑥 − 12
6−𝑥−𝑥 2
c. ≥0
𝑥+1
2 3
d. <
𝑥+3 𝑥+2
e. |4𝑥 − 1| ≥ 2
3
f. |𝑥+2| < 5
2
g. |3𝑥−1|
>1
3
h. 𝑥 ≥ 𝑥
i. |𝑥 + 3| < |2𝑥 − 1|
j. 1 < |2𝑥 − 3| < 5

## 6. State whether the propositions given are true or false (Justify)

a. 𝑥 = 3 is a solution of equation𝑥(6 + 𝑥 ) − 2(𝑥 + 1) − 5𝑥 = 4.
b. The equation 𝑘𝑥 2 + 8𝑥 + 4 = 0 has two real solutions if 𝑘 > 0.
c. If 𝑥 < 0, then |−𝑥 | = −𝑥
3
d. The solution set of inequality 2 ≥ 0 is (1, ∞).
(𝑥−1)
e. The solution of the equation|3 − 2𝑥 | = 7 is [−2,5].
APPLICATION PROBLEMS
7. A rental company charges \$65 a day and 20 cents a mile for renting a truck.
Michael rented a truck for 3 days, and his bill came to \$275. How many miles
did he drive?
8. Jack invests \$1000 at a certain annual interest rate, and he invests another
\$2000 at an annual rate that is one-half percent higher. If he receives a total
of \$190 interest in 1 year, at what rate is the \$1000 invested?
9. A father is four times as old as his daughter. In 6 years, he will be three times
as old as she is. How old is the daughter now?
10. A rectangular bedroom is 7 ft longer than it is wide. Its area is 228𝑓𝑡 2 . What
is the width of the room?
11. A rectangular garden is 25𝑓𝑡 wide. If its area is 1125𝑓𝑡 2 , what is the length of
the garden?
1 1
12. A 19 2 foot ladder leans against a building. The base of the ladder is 7 2 ft from
the building. How high up the building does the ladder reach?
13. It is necessary to construct a box whose volume is equal to 640𝑐𝑚3 with a
rectangular piece that is 6𝑐𝑚 longer than wide, cutting a square of 4𝑐𝑚 of side
in each corner and folding the edges. Determine the dimensions of the box.
14. Ali paints with watercolors on a sheet of paper 20 in. wide by 15 in. high. He
then places this sheet on a mat so that a uniformly wide strip of the mat shows
all around the picture. The perimeter of the mat is 102 in. How wide is the strip
of the mat showing around the picture?
15. Stan and Hilda can mow the lawn in 40 min if they work together. If Hilda
works twice as fast as Stan, how long does it take Stan to mow the lawn
alone?