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Human Resource Management


13 Managing In A Unionized Environment


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At the end of this chapter, the students are expected to:

1. examine the concept and models of labor relations;

2. identify the legal and constitutional framework of labor relations;
3. evaluate the concept and strategies in collective bargaining;
4. explain the importance of bargaining power in the negotiation
5. explain how collective bargaining agreement is being administered;
6. examine the salient points in handling grievances and ways to
discipline employees.

Learning Objectives Suggested Instructional Strategies

Think Pair Share
LO 1: examine the Form pairs of students who will individually think
concept and models of answers, then ask them to merge the ideas,
of labor relations which shall be presented to class.

LO 2: identify the legal

and constitutional Break-out Group
framework of labor (Refer to Experiential Learning Activity #1)
Break-out Group
LO 3: evaluate the
(Refer to Experiential Learning Activity #1)
concept and
strategies in collective
Guided Reciprocal Peer Questioning
(Refer to Experiential Learning Activity #2)
Advanced Reading Assignment – In
preparation for the discussion of the topic, ask
LO 4: explain the
the students to visit the website
importance of
bargaining power in
the negotiation
Mind Mapping
(Refer to Experiential Learning Activity #3)
LO 5: explain how Rounds
collective bargaining Call as many students from the class to give as

agreement is being many answers as possible.
Advanced Reading Assignment – In
preparation for the discussion of the topic, ask
the students to visit the following websites:
LO 6: examine the
salient points in
handling grievances
and ways to discipline

Writing Assignment
(Refer to Experiential Learning Activity #4)
*All links accessed last March 6, 2014.

Learning Slide
Objectives Presentation
The Concept and Models of Industrial
LO 1 Slides 2 and 3
Relations (Labor Relations)
Legal and Constitutional Framework
LO 2 Slides 4 and 5
of Labor Relations
LO 3 Strategies in Collective Bargaining Slides 6-9

LO 4 Bargaining Power Slide 10

LO 3, LO 4 Bargaining strategies and techniques Slide 11and 12

LO 5 CBA Administration Slide 15

Slide 16, Slides
LO 6 Grievance Procedure and Discipline 17-31, Slides 33-
The Concept and Models of Industrial
LO 1 Slides 2 and 3
Relations (Labor Relations)

Ask the students to go to the following sites for related topics. Ask them
to write a synthesis or a reflection after reading the content of these

The Concept of Industrial Relations (Labor Relations)

Models of Labor Relations

Legal and Constitutional Framework of Labor Relations

The Constitution, The Law, The ILO Conversation, Collective Bargaining

Strategies in Collective Bargaining

The Preparation Stage

Bargaining Power

Performance-Based Bargaining and Good Faith in Bargaining

CBA Administration

Grievance Procedure

Discipline, Modern Definition/Concepts of Discipline

Consistency in Application

Disciplinary Procedure

Set the Standard of Performance

Set the Employee on the Path of Improvement


Come to a Decision on a Fair Sanction for the Offense Committed

The Role of HR in Discipline

Basic Steps to Follow

Statutory Requirements and Advisable Steps, Preventive Suspension and

Pending Investigation

The Ultimate Penalty-Dismissal

*All links accessed last March 6, 2014.

1. Break-out Group
Divide the class into small groups composed of 3-4 members and ask
to them prepare a synthesis on the topic. Assign a group moderator,
a secretary, and a rapporteur who shall report to the class the output
of the group.

Option 1: Assign each group with different topics, if the coverage of
the subject matter is too long.
Option 2: All groups shall discuss and assess common questions or
expected outcomes.

2. Guided Reciprocal Peer Questioning

Ask each student to individually prepare two or three thought-
provoking questions on the content presented in the lecture.

Questions shall be discussed in small groups at the beginning of

class, and then the whole class shall discuss the questions that were
especially interesting or controversial in the group discussion.

Afterwards, ask the other groups to check outputs developed by

another group. Discuss the topics so students will be able to assess
correct answers to serve as their bases for checking other group’s

3. Mind Mapping
Allow the students to create thought framework on the topic either
through inductive or deductive presentation.

Using a flow diagram, ask the students to present a mapping of

thoughts or reasons beginning from the inputs of information until it
connects the bits of information and reaches the end output which is
the intended conclusion or generalization.

4. Writing Assignment
Ask the students to write what they know about a topic before
conducting the lecture to help them subsequently connect new
ideas to what they already know.

Require the students to submit on the following meeting a summary

of not more than 100 words on the topic discussed by relating it to
recent or similar real-life situation.

I. True or False: Write T if the statement is true, otherwise, write F if

the statement is false.
____ 1. The very first phase in a collective bargaining is to align CBA with
company’s objectives.
____ 2. It is the union that usually submits proposals to management and
request for meeting.

____ 3. Good labor relations drive the whole workforce motivated to
work hard for the organization.
____ 4. The concept of “Polarization” model of labor relations is a
complete opposite of the Perfect Model.
____ 5. Perfect model of labor relations show a total congruence of
employers and worker’s interests and goals.
____ 6. In collective bargaining, the union has a collective interest that
will benefit most of the employees.
____ 7. A grievance procedure is a preventive measure as it precludes
complaints from ripening into full-blown dispute.
____ 8. Labor relations is viewed as harmonious to both employer and
the labor even in the presence of a “company union”.
____ 9. A Code of Conduct is needed to regulate employees’ behavior
to instill a culture of order and discipline in the workplace.
____ 10. A grievance procedure is needed to resolve labor-
management conflicts over the interpretation and execution of the
____ 11. Labor relations refer to employer-employee relationship
covered specifically under a collective bargaining and industrial
relations laws.
____ 12. The Boulware negotiation approach when management strikes
an agreement with the union only when pressure has been felt by both
____ 13. An effective labor relations does not eliminate conflict, instead,
it provides institutional rules that resolve conflict in a way that minimizes
its costs.
____ 14. The hard-ball approach in negotiation is applied when
management is ready and willing to suffer a strike rather than giving in to
union demands.
____ 15. The Marxist or Radical perspective in labor relations presents
conflicting and congruent interests among management and labor in
common areas of the organization.

I. True or False: Write T if the statement is true; otherwise, write F if the

statement is false.
1. T
2. T
3. T
4. T
5. T
6. T
7. T
8. T

9. T
10. T
11. T
12. F
13. T
14. T
15. F

1. Break-out Group
The instructor may use the following to assess the output of each
group (score. may vary).

Excellent (4) satisfactory Satisfactory (2) Fair (1)
The The The synthesis
The synthesis
synthesis synthesis did not
Content complied with
complied complied comply with
30% the main parts
with all parts with most the main
of the
of the parts of the parts of the
assignment assignment assignment
Members of
the group Most Members of
worked and members of the group
members of
contributed the group did not
the group
Collaboration consistently contributed contribute in
15% and equally positively to any positive
positively to
in a positive the group way to the
the group work
way to the work group work
group work
Presentation Presentation
Presentation is Presentation
is extremely is organized
somewhat lacks
well with
organized; organization;
organized , synthesis,
Organization ideas are not ideas are
synthesis, detail and
25% presented in limited and
detail, and coherence
sequence difficult to
coherence are very
are superior good
Presentation is Presentation
is engaging
Presentation straightforward is simple and
Presentation and
is clear and and at times little
(30%) insightful;
thoughtful clearly creativity is
presented used


2. Guided Reciprocal Peer Questioning (Total Points: 20)

Divide equally the expected maximum number of correct answers,
and assign points. For example, there are 5 expected correct
answers; if the group got all the expected correct answer, they will
automatically get 20 points. Meaning, every correct answer is given 4

3. Mind Mapping (Total Points: 20)

Evaluate the output by assessing the overall flow of the idea
according to acceptable theory or principles or desired outcome.

Rating Guide:
0-5 points – Inputs and starting point/idea is correct
0-5 points – In-between points/ideas are correct
0-5 points – Line of thoughts are coherent to general idea
0-5 points – Expected output is correct

4. Writing Assignment
Assess the completeness, substance of inputs, and organization of
thoughts. Assume a perfect score of 100% and a deduction of 2
points for every incomplete content or irrelevant thought.