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Science Study Guide Major 1.2

1. Which part of the plant functions in making seeds for reproduction?

The flower Remember: If a plant does NOT have a flower, it will not be
able to produce seeds.

2. Which part of the plant functions by taking in nutrients to help the plant
grow? The roots

3. Which part of the plant functions by producing food for the plant?
The leaves

4. The steps below show the process the body uses to respond to information
received through the senses.

1. Sensory 2. Information is 3. Information is 4. Response is

receptors receive sent to the brain. processed in the sent to the
information from brain. Response is correct body
the environment. selected. system.

5. Animals are able to sense sounds in their environment because receptors

pick up the information about sound waves and send it to the brain.

6. Sensory receptors in the eyes need to be sensitive to changes in the light.

7. The brain enables an animal’s body to process what it senses.

8. Steps that allow you to see an object:

1. Light is reflected from the object to your eyes.

2. Light hits receptors in the back of your eyeball.

3. Your brain processes signals from light receptors.

9. Which structures would be most important for helping an animal to

communicate with and keep track of other animals? Ears, mouth, feet

10. A stimulus is something that causes a reaction in a living thing.

11. What is a person’s response when something smells bad? They cover their
nose so they don’t have to breathe it in.

12. Describe the process for how you feel pain in your body.
Sensory nerves pick up signals from the environment and pass the signal to the
brain. The brain sends a reflex message back to the arm.

13. What type of adaptation would an animal have to allow it to use its sense of
smell to find food? Special cells in its nose

14. Memory helps guide the actions of an animal because they will avoid actions
that have been harmful to it in the past.

15. Describe an animal and its special adaptation that helps it use its senses in a
unique way.
 Star-nosed mole has 6 times the nerve endings than in a human hand. (sense of
 Snake’s tongue picks up odors (sense of smell)
 Jumping spider have light receptors that detect ultraviolet wavelengths (sense of
 Catfish has over 10,000 taste buds all over its body (sense of taste)
 Bats and dolphins use echolocation (sense of hearing)