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PAVIA shed ess e BOAPCKUX ROHIOWTHAX EGO) 532} 6 DEBPAAE 1917-20 MPLEL. YG by El aia it 3() 3} ae het «PojqHa AOPOTHE APY3bA! 3a nowmu 20-1eTH01 ueropitio cBoero cymecTBORAHHS “aKypHa «POMHAy CTasl ORHHM 13 CAMBIX ABTOPHTETHDIX H MITTAeMBIX OTeMECTSCHHMDIX HCTOPMYECKHX HsAaHHit, Ha crpanuuax akypuanta nyGsMKonaiict M pexytUMe HCTOPHKH CTpAHBI, H BHEPAIIHMe BBIMYCKHNKH HCTOPHMECKHX axyawreros. Mut ncerma past noatepxxart monoapie zaposanns. Yaxe He nepastit ron penaxnaix nposomar Kouxype moore cTOpHKOB, CoBCEM HEABHO MONse:IH HTOrH O¥epEAHOTO — B ennexe BAR! NOHKypea, KOTOpSsH! nopamosax Tes, sro 8 HEM AKTUBHOe YaactHe Mpuusim poccuiicxme perwout Mai past cooGuurns, so sxcnepremsti comer BAK “Munucrepcrsa oGpasosamnx 1 Haye Pocci sknouin xypHA «Pont» 8 Tepeserts BeYINIX PeueHSMYEMBIX HAYEK okypitasion u retanti, B KOTOPENX noma: Gsrre omyGrutxORaNT COciOBHEIE taysnBte PesymBTATE AHCCepTanUN Ha COMCKAHHE yrrénofi cremenn Kanara Hay. Yaaxaenste actinpartrst H conckaremt! TIpursamiaent Bac 1 Heaw3a udmu 6 bydyuee, ne sas U He nouns npoULoz0 Jppxosnoe u 9Konomuueckoe Gospomcdenue Poccuu, cnjouenue eé napoda, nampuomuueckoe npoceemenue, coxpanenue u npuymnosicenue ucmopuneck nacaedua Omeuecmea — amo smu nebonbuott neperer 3ada4, cmoamux neped Honesumétsexum cosemon sreypnaaa «Poouna, Komopouit npucmynus K padome 6 obnoenéunom cocmase. Hepeoe sacedanue Cosema cocmonnoce 1 dexadpn 2006 2oda. B HOBBIH. COCTAB HOME YHTEMIbCKOL0 COBETA BOLLIH: KOPOTKOB Jeonnx Buxcroponms, TyGepuarop Amypcxoli oGaeri Tipedcedamesy Cosema — CTPOEB Erop Cenénonis, Prana amannerpanina OponcKoti oGnacrit 3amecmumers Mpedcedamers Cosema ~ KOMbEB Bavecsan Beesosox0Bn4, 3ameetirrenb npentcenarena Copera aupextopon ADK «Cucrenay Yuacmuuru Cosema AYAKA Basieesan Iverrpuens, TyGepuatop TymscKoit oGnacTit KAHOKOB Apcen Banmmpoms, TIpesitaenr KaGapannio-Bankapexolt KPECC Buxrop Measxmoposus, —- TyGepxarop Toncoii oGracra KY3HELOB Muxanst Bapostomecsirs, TyGepnarop Texoscxoii onacta JIMCHLUBIH Auaroauit Heanonus, TyGepnarop SIpocnasckoit o6nacrH MAJIAXOB Han Man.tonw, y TyGepuatop CaxammcKoii oGnactit TOJIEXKAEB Jleonna, CABYEHKO Enrennié Crenanonm TyGepuatop BenroporcKoli oGaacTH CYMHH Térp Hranonws, TyGepuatop YessGuncxoi oGnacta: @HAMMEHKO Anexeanap TyGepxarop —Tpexcexarens ea Xanrot-Mancnicnorg apTononnoro oxpyra — IOrpit PHBILUEB Anexcelt Auapeesit TyGepsarop Openyprexoli o6acra IWAKAEHH Huxoaaii Heanonws, TyGepuarop Kuponcxoii o6aacrn LIEPLLYHOB Buxrop Auapeenn= PeenryGnmxu Koneramruuosins, i TyGepuarop Ontckoit o6acrH KACEMEB Huxo.tait Han Tapa avmnerpauu Apxanrenscxoli — PAXHMOB Myprasa TyGaitzyaosws, oGnacra TIpesuaeur PecnyGauxu Bamxoproctas Tinasa amsormicrpaumn KocrpoMexol et ch er r, Kor oat OF 1 a | | Ha oSnomne: Koecmsanna. 1920-222. omoepae H. Memos. PrAKO. Hagexna KAHMLEBA Tiyre x peansnort caoGone 2 Anexcanap KY39KOB *SkoNoMieiecKit venoBeK: Ha pyccroll nove " Bacunni UBETKOB ‘«Omnya ocr nono» Bence jBvoxeHne ‘Avapen TAHMH Tionaéir am spenes ecayna Noxomapéiea? 15 ‘Taresiia OMAMANOBA Mapda n Mapua Bacnnni KYKOB Mow rocyaapcrea onpenensior apa, ‘yasrens, 6wBnnoTeKape, CEsULEHHNK» 23 25 ‘odnucamscn axnypwar «Fodura» — Nivxawn BABKUH exo rovanaregy — xypran ooHoean® 1879 rony Fovepanswsn anpertop Ory sPenacus xyorasa sPoaynar BB. Syoxoun ‘Saucrarens renepanssoro aMpexropa (TY . 3axonompoein ava ampens 1909 rosa Gs0r nuecés » II Tocyanpernenyio sayy, aarem pacewarpumazcs ® TV Jlyse, ‘our okoruressoro SaxoHOHATEAHOTO ASpeMENHA TaK MMe Tomy, BHIcuIMe HasamBise YSU nos ‘6sumz santener ropasexne. [pexyenarpa- aos Taxore 4-roxiemili Kype oOysew, ‘aman BITyCKHUNKaM «GaxOHGeHTHOe ‘mumee obpasoease>. Tipaso orkperuix youu nonyuant (eapaay enppamerenscr- ow) senoTms, Topas, CocnOBN I acTEE sua, B over 1a you, MpeemoNesC ce enSIOMIMG 023 pasTHA a, COCO- sn nepowcnosenai ® Bospacre, Kax paso, 10-13 en, oxomumamie osi0- saccnoe HaNABHO® YHHTHINE HM caA8- sme atoanen mo cooraerctayroieh ye0- ‘oli mporpannte.B eno ovepes yemeuH0 _npouesume xype Mepastx 2myx Kaccos SMICHDD HasaNEAENX Yar noTywasHE _npavo mocryritemsx a 3-ii xmace epezneli uo. Ysexnnn, yore oxoannsunte uCUMe HavaTEHEL YOK, MpapaBIGt- BAC X YSCHHIAN, KOEHN. Kye 2xereKitx nporuveaauit. Xorx o6ywenne ‘sano marmua, Ho seMeT#a, Topora, o6me- ‘crma u wacraste mia, conepxaiue y= a, MORI He HasHavaTE Tiny. Peasy nporpasexy mo pacimpenIIO BOMOXTO- cei npodeccnonamsoro oGysexnx, Mi- creperso aposworo npocbeitexit npexmarano onxpsinare pa ySoLIMIN10- Pagina 3.2007 ‘ommurrensibie Kypesl 1H Tacs pasmsmoit cnenwamiauun (nea Tormeckite, nowroso-renerpat)- nue, Gyxrarreperie, crpourrelts- ee Se ara. Bejespane 1011 roms po ‘ext Goi1 suecént » Il Focyaaperscu- yto ayuy: Hpoiiag nce cramsat sa- OHOaTeMEHOTO OGcyrEAeMIS, COr~ sTacoRaHHS H onoGpeHN, 25 MOK 1912 roma npoekr nonysi BuIco- valimee yrnepaeune Tipoekr nonoxexns 0 rinciasit- Se cpentime yueGubie, samereHna 1 OGecneuItrh HX CRAab C HOKU 1 suicuselt cryncwanin o6pasonaiiis Cortacto nonoxkeniio, rHwia30 1 peambanie yuna oGueamtA- es 8 oay rpyrity oGurcoGpaso- avembuix saneenit ¢ ouHaKD- oi 8-rosmsmolt nponomearreasHo- cemmio xypea oGyyenua 1 ¢ emmHoit yue6noit nporpansofi, Pinaceae ACeMATpHBAANCh KAK «IIpHFOTORTe- ‘ble sapesennx sy1a nocTymTemt B BLIC- ume y'eSnbie sasezenii0>, ITpas0 yapex eHN THHaDiCi, TaK AE KAK HE BBICIINEC HANQIGHGX YSOLINU, MpesOcTaBsIAIOCE Muincteperay Hapomoro npocseweni, ‘aeNeTRAM, roporas, cociOBHINM, OOuIeCT- aN H tacri@sM a9 TIpanwrenserko Cromsinuia noomps- to. paabuTHe acTHOMK MEAIUMATHBGL ie oGpaxonaits, OG 3TOM roROpIT pO cer «[Ipanuia o vactuix yxeOHBIx dane tax, Knaccax 1 xypeax Munincrepersa apoguioro mpoceeitiens», xoTopsii pas- ema sactabin oGutecTBAM, TOBApHIIe (erwan i Orsesbusine Maat (COCTORBIHS. pycckone nosizanicTae) yrBepaciary 13 ne, cpeane 1 soicuime y4eGusIe 3ase+ emia, x1accst W KYpeE KaK OGuteo6paso- DATENBHBIe, TAK H CHeMMAAIBIBIE H MpO- deccnonateunie, Tocyaaperso, ontaK0, ‘ocransia10 3a coGoit onpesextéumbte KOHT- ommpyioue épyHKntH: 8 YacrHBIX yueO- MBIX 3aReeHSX AONBONRIOCS HEITOTEIO- are yueGuuKit m nocoGna, onymteHHBIe vyuéibin, xomreroM. Miniitctepersa Wa- Poaworo npocsemenin (IIH NecTHBIN Monewirrentexust coscro). Yactuste ‘yueGutie sanezenita putciiero paspsuia OT- XpSInaINick MUD c paapemert yEHmeT- pa napoatioro mpocwententus, xoTopsiit Mor pactiopamiTica it 06 1X SaKpurTit Ennnospemennsse nocoGus nastavantcs IMI Test WacTHNG yueGuEEM sapezeKtt- sm, KaCCaM M KYPeaM, NPeriorananHe B KOTOpAIX we1OCH Ha pyCeKOM HHKE 0 "Mporpaxavans, oaoGpesisisi Mutcrepcr- BoM HapoaHoro mpocseutenua". ror poexr 6st axecé# B ioHe 1910 roma B I Tocyzapernestyio ayny 1, moti 30 PORMHA 3-2007 Mannensusran cpenu suinycasnnos ‘annie Kc Man, Nerpoepa 1935 sonozatenbHoe on0GpeHme 1 won 1914 roma, suicowaitie yrsepacteu. ses, sro perbopsa mxoassoro ‘oGpasosaus muta no nyt coszanits exit Holt m oGuiesocrynHoit cemH, sicH0YaI0- ‘met nocaeronaremsHo srsutee, cpeaee n puicutee o6pasosanue, muse KaxctaR Ccryfiene agai «caKousenil xpyr sae iby, Buecte © Tew mpocnexunanace TeHLEHMA COSTE Ma Gase MaMABHEIX H AMICHIN HavamBHEIK yan cBoeoGpas- Hnble domopHte MYHKTED> NOy'eN 3H nui (npemmymiecrsenno npopeccno- [RANRHBIX) 20 TONPOCTKOB CTapulerO BO2- acta mt sspocabix. Ilxona. pacenarpunasiace Cromainn- ‘Huw KaK Hexitit «ayXopubiil wetTp> pyc ‘cxoli sxursun. C oco6oii cuoit ara byzK- HWE MIKOWE MPosBILTACE B XOKE Tlepece- sneHueckoil KAMMAKIIN 3 pH opraHrsa- ‘uw xyropexaex xosaiicrs. B yes1ORis xy- ‘Topeworo paccesenix, a TeM Gonee mpi Nepecenemin Ha nensseqanusie sex kosIa Hapsaly ¢ HepKoBDi0 ocranasiace IpOM COepEREHUR KYAIBTYPHBNK Hava Tlooromy Cromsinun rizammposast cyine- CCTHeHHO PAIK MIKOMHOe 1e10, BuIne- ‘IMT 3HANUFTETBHBLE KPEIUTHL Ha passe p= THIBAHHe IIKOWIBHOTO CTPONTENBCTEA, 1- ur He aonycKare «noutrKeHUs H Ge3 TOTO HeRAICOKOTO YpOBHA CeslbcKOMl TpaMOTHO- ont nnasarKon suai. FIpioTom mpea- nomarautoce miiowsMenitT npottece O6y= ‘ueHiig, «nnpHcmocoOR €To K HaNeHO- iNes yerioRtaM aevtembH0rO OsrTaD, WC ‘Toit embi0 nepeitrut x noctpoiixe npen- Mymleeraenio HeGombuUIEX, «raK HaautBa- eMssx doxHomTaTHGHO) KO», ‘exonepiiyrb» inxoy sMOM K 12° Deane, ynraisane8 naynte i EpeChi, OTRARALIICS TEN AMIN or «oraeaéio-ryaantitapiili» erosuina penton PaspaGaraianret cetmine \Mepuo coneprenerboaarnno c= TeMbi ToXToTORKHysrexbcRi xagpoa, B.yroxt sonpoce yeux npanitrenscraa KowWeiTpHPORS- aes m smyx wanpannensinx. Bo- Hepa, TPHONHMALTCK. ep MO yayauienino varepwtamnoro ro0- eens IKOGMAX yen NPE nomasarezeit syG08. B sacTHocTH, Gown reaan aaKoR 06 yaywmeNt arepiabsiord —_oGeeneveHtg nombuBox yrenell mw aarexo sacri Port. Harta 1911 ro- sa, 1 cpeacrs rocyaapersenitoro raavelicraa nonomrrebHO Bh esuocs no 1 sautanony pyénei va yaeamsenme coxepacanns y- Text HepKonti-npHOACKIX unos? Bosmopsix, paapaGarsaamice as- ssi NPOeKT CORzAI AONONINETE- tix erEYRTYP HoaroTooKs H Hepenonro- Tonto etaroroe Ua pais ery eet yen, Borsa Honbieysireeoxe mucrirryTet (HanpHMep; B SIpociaBte), ce- tiapint. Bain saxoKoraTessHO yrBep- vz poe «O mpenteion YspexceHIN OTOSUSHAN H PATRDCPOSKBK KYDEOR sian noxrorostenn yrrenet yore tm cpeannsascrerat, Kypen couzana- Ice Tex Topoank, rae cymecrBoRaA suite y8oBuse sees, a HID Tp HEMAJIHCh TMtla, MMCIOIIHE BhICLIee OGpa- Sonam. Cayaarenm xypeon neni ie tt pa ror: Mors nesyser® cre io (600 py6. 8 rox), ocwosoxzamC’ OF noiickoit NomIGIOeTH, pe MpeSRa- rus na kypeax aacsuritasiocs 8 TPYAORDI crm, Buoeaeh arene cpes- rma na noskienme ksaiaKan Y= ‘enellepesieli moms, ru epexerna mt na conaane ® KaXHKYAPHOE BPENE BPe- Nentxretarorietat KyOR Y= Dopeirerax, Ha opraHiaiue noeaI0K Yurenel sa rpaenny so sy sexx enpo- tejeeoro oma takooitoro o6paonari Osniospescio paspabersnaice npo- exri, HpeAyeNArpHRARINIE TOATOTORKY npogpeccopon ax n Poccim, Tak 1 38 FY Gexon, B vactnocts, 6 mons 1909 rosa Tonya mucovaitee yrnepacnente NpO- ext Mimiceteperna 1apoxitoro mpocse- neni (ecBsea w cerrape 1908 roa nil Jymy) «06 ornyexe a cpeners rocy- napernenoro Kaavavelicrna xoMo-- emsloro Pesta. Ka npHroToRTeNHe nposbeceopos npn yxumepenrerax> (roe~ nace nitty maura erimest Ata ocranmeniane mp yruinepenrevax [08 ‘noaroToski x mporpeccopeKoMy 3BaHiA0 ‘soncaistpyensin c atoll 2ke NeMbI0 3a Fpa- samy)*. Buu Taroxe suicowalime yreep- xa saxonompoerr «OG oTnycke #3 rO- ‘yaapermennoro kasuavelicrea cpesicTa 1a mpuroroaienHe mporeccopos JX Bbc: ‘unr y¥eOHBIx saseneHut BenoMeTEa Mit- SMCTepeTBa TOprOBs H MpOMEIMINeHO- on. Pew sia 0 Mlogroroake urrarisrx spoipeccopos aan wersipéx ssicnmx Tex- SHSeCKX y'eOHBIX sane, nepente UX 8 BesteHHe AaxHOTO suNHCTepCTBA, BO MMA «ENOCTHOCTH FOCYAAPCTBEHHOTO TENA» Pespopau xosslicrsenott aarsunt norpe- Gosa:un suasnrreabyoro snes cnenua.t cows. Tax, nporenesime arpapiioli peop Maur HyAANOCE B NocTosuMoM TpuTOKe aeatiemcpon, rutpanoros. Bato paspa6o- ‘TaHo u yTaepactewo cneupamssioe Hloa0- 2xeHE 0 JENIEMEPHBIX YHHUINLNAX, B KO= TOpaX npeaycMarpusates 4-rouansil sype o6yueHis, BKONaN npaKTHeckHe SaNATHIA NPOTO.LATITENIBHOCTHIO He MEHEE 6 wecsten". 11 anpens 1909 roxa noay- ‘ut puicowaliuiee yrsepoxstemme paspa6o- asta Drapnain ynpaaiennent sem. yerpoiictsa 1 sesuienenu saxononpoext 406 yspeaewim sexmiemepiBix Kypcon mpi §-Ant sesteesvecKitx ysUTMNHAX Ht 6 ommycke aux cero xpezTa mo cwere Aenapranewra semtenenus (pacewar- utsaca u Gut on06pen III Jlysoit). B "pocxte mpeautarasoce o6pasosarb KOH- TuRTeHT 2eNcIeMepoR 1a HU, yoRe HOTy= SuBuEx wor HoyyaLOMUEX OOpax0BAKITE 1 SeMUIEEMIMECKHX YUHLTHILAX, S170 saa 20 BOSMOAIOCTL COeAHTITS JeMsEMep- mate 1 arpowommeckne Sanus. Bawty cerpoit norpeGwocrn m cnenwaictax ‘BaaMupoBAOcS (KAK BpeMeHHaN mepa) COTKPAIT JU MIL, OKOHYMRIIIEX 2eME- eseCKMe SILA, KpaTKOBPEMEHETE SewuTeMepHtie Kypett (NPOAOMAHTENEIO- ccrato 5,5 nec. ), HocKoABKY OU YKe HIME st Ga30BKle eBeeHHA To MpemMeTAM 2¢- soienepHoit cneusansxocra. Yapexaas ype! Ha Gawrxaliuine tpi roma, Eiaswoe ynpasaeiite sewuteyerpoiiersa m semte~ {zeausx nozarano, sT0 a 310 spestt OcHos- ble paGorbi, cwasaHHBIE ¢ BLUAeIOM xpe- creak us oGuumus, GyayT mposcaen Kpowe toro, Crom masmnporaa BMECTe € MasHoyomHOMOveHHIM 3eM- acyerpoiicrsom m sewrezemtem A. B. Kpuouzeusnunt oprasmonars oco6ue 3¢- scaeaeprnie kypent mpi ryGepucKinx ep ‘Exumuix, BBecTH OGuti Kype sentteycT- poiicrsa » KoucTaTimoocKoM MExeBON 1 MOcKOBCKOM CesIbCkOXOSRIICTREHHON [HRETIYTAX, OTKPBITS CTIEMHAMBHBIE THLA- oTexHiTeckie yaeGuble saBeneHILR, HO- CHATS MaHHHAIONUIX cTIeNUAINCTOR- FHpoTexHUKOS «aU1K HpaKTHYeeKOH Bt ‘y"Ku»> aa rpanuny. B crpave wavamu or- KpBIBATECA HOBBIC HHICTINTYTM M YRUBCP- ‘carrerat ¢ nporprmsnolk nporpamsoli — aanlicMMOCTH OT axoHTONNTeCKUX HoTpe6- nocreli peruona” Crominun oraasax ceGe oruér 8 Tos, vr7o ciepa oGysenmss w repos, peBaso- nuomnnx notpacenit wemmnyeMo cra- act «apertolt nomruyeckolt 6opt- vp». Ont sul roros eparxarsea 3a ya Ay MosionexKH mt MOCTaBIL Hepem cO- Goll sanasy «ounerit» mxony oF nomen 'Yecnoll HesutcrH>", Pyecxoro penowott- ‘onepa npembep mpencrasiian cee KaK «Gaaroayumoro weysa, aymavouiero 0c ‘TMTHYTs BAICIIeTO CoRepILeKCTRA, RIAMeH AuHoro TopHoro Myr socnHTaNn ‘yaa. BOL, oN CKAHKOM... C COmGOHO B pykax mo nanpannemno x anacru!»" Thidapyx noctasier uxony «ata TBep- ayo octony saxoua» 1 oceoGoxmT» && oF jommruxaticrea, Crostini paccuirssaa.t ‘TEM CaMBIM He TOKO ROABOPHTE B ILKO- ste nopsox 1 HarameTs «cepsésHoe yae- HHey, HOW MOCTABHTTE sacnoN pacttpo- cTpantenimo 9xcrpeMswa, OFpastiT He- spenyio Moz0as oF slesopamuxansHoit arian m mporaranasi. Konewentipyx BKICTynIeHHx onmosimMoHNO! me¥aTH "Hporiis smuneTpa Haponsioro mpocsete~ nua A. H. Unapua, Cromsinni micav: Bc seastkoe HITBE 0 npowsBOsIE Mpa ‘TemBCTHA, O MHHMOM HOCsITATENIBCTBE Ha AKATEMINECKYIO ABTOHONITO HPO. He SacTasuT npasnrenscrso colin ¢ nyt OWBOPeHIIA 3AKOHHOCTH, NOPAUIKA; He 2- CcTasir otaans maccy pycexoii moaonéxit 3 pactiopaaxcaite nomTuxaKcrsyrouues seBbIX mpodpeccopon Kak roroRLit Mare- ua a OGpaGorxn, Oru steursr Hax0 ‘OCTABHTE, OCTABHTE NOMTUKY, Bep- ‘Mytnca x HayKen”. B mmxomax Cromsiruen miyzen ne mpocro o6pasonaremmute WeHTpH, HO H OMAN PYCEKOI KYZIBTYPBI, MPOBOAMKH KytYP= ‘Moro samsima Poccuicxoro rocyzapersa ua muopoaseckoe nacenenne. Onwoit 1s ccepsésuefiunex saa4 npaswremscrea Cro- s1sInH cunTan «npotuBonelicTsule paspy- uirremsuoli mpotHsorocynaperseHHoii AesTemsHOCTH aHaTHNeckH HACTpOeH- MBIx MHOPOAeCKIX aneNeHTORD, «tpece- MeHIIe HalIMOHANbHO-TaTapCKOTO HATIC- Ka» Mf omHOBpeMeHHO mpunnevenne ua eno1 cropory «xyastypHo-meprHoit epeahD> uHopoanen, «apioSurene HHO- POYCCKOTO HACENCHNLA, HEsABHICHMO OT Peaurinn nest, x o6itet rocyaaper- ewoii xyaurypHoii aH)" Hapaay ¢ awmtcrparuseoi epa- ut Cromsue paccumsan untpoxo 1c- TomAORATE «éyitstyPHO-pOCBeTITENGHBIE {epeacTsa> 1, mpexcte neeTo, npeoGpasoEa- ue unxowmtf0ro ena, OCR HaveHHO 8 ‘oGaacTu oGpasonarnix paspepitycx octoB- oli pour GopsGiut 3a wruane wa Macc B 1910 roay 6x10 o6panonatio Ocosoe coneuianne no sutpaGOrKe Mep JU pO ‘tusoelicraus TaTaposwycys>MaHCKOMy ameanino B [Iprnosoxcxom xpae. Ilo itto- ran ero paGors! 8 MutmncreperBe aiyT= eHHHKX sien Osita NogToToRTeHA 39 OX ncsio Cronsinmia sanuexa «O mepax {2 mpornsouelicrans naxcnaMeKOMy 1 awrypasicKony (naxniopxcKosty) s10a- io cpenit MyeysBMaHKOTO HaceTeHIS (15 suipaps 1911 roa), Oco6oe mramamite ‘8 SanmicKe yae1CHO paspaGOTKE KOMILICK- cca Mep, wampanaewusrx na rlomuuemme Pagina 3-207 wom: nmiamio roeyaapersa. O6oct0- suipaacs neoGxommMoctb 2xECTHOTO pas- enema xoneccuonamsuoro m o6uero oGpasosamns. [bux sToro Gsu0 mpisHaHo NeoSxonMM YAMS 1 KOMpeccHo- anbHBIX MycyBNatexIX tuKOX O6uIeO6- PAORATENbHBIE NPEAMETH, BNO H ‘qeracest pycexoro asuikay, rox 06- ieoGpasosarexbue Y4eGHD SABeEHIA, conepxamtyee® MycymENAKAMI, OOUDIN papi.tan Kos 2Toro Tan. Bnpoven, 910 He OsHaWANO CosIAAH npensrerauit 2a pemuruosuoro o6pes0- sane, maND NpaBuETeABCTHO OCTABIAIO sa coSoli mpano ocyilecranxrs rlocToss- ai oHerpos 38 HaMpARTeHHeM, KOTOPOE npinunan yseGusili mpouece » Nycy5- ance mkonax. B sacriocrs, mporpan- ‘Ma mpentoxapania mycymMaceoro Bepo- ‘yuoung yomaaca Govra yraepacnarecs Sat- metpos suyrpenminx en. Tipenoxana- me 8 nexreGe Mespece we worm necTHt oeTpamise noxtane H no yaeGu- aN, aaNet 3a panel, 9TO LOsRHO Ssao orpasurrs yueOuste sapenenR oT spacxaeGunix Poceulicxomy rocyzaperny isnt, Onwoxpeneno upeaaranoce [YRCCTOSIETG KOHTPOMTS 28 MYCYENAHICEH- ‘Mut xomibeccHosareaine LIROMANG, 20- ‘ou ero Ha yueOuyi0 weneKHWO Non cosnecrusia pyxosoncraom. ryGepHaro- on u rionesrrexelt yueGusrx oxpyro. Jax mm, ocymecranmonsx Haz20p 38 ‘amoponiecmnn uxoas0D, spo ‘expuanxn x conepxanioy 3a suaKne -Mecrnix sinop. Panui o6pasom Cro- amu pacevearpinan xax say «meppo- crenennoli naxtiocri> yerasionnenne nno Oxpaxcuimo ApesHiX MaNGETINNODS 8 cnpanix Sanasot Expos ‘Cronin saGorszicx 0 npuystioxe- so rpaconut yx w xyasryps, por rte poconiicax aocrikeunti 3a py6e- 2x0. 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Cava ppauvionamuas zeifcTBHTTeAbHOCTS Oc- BAHBA:IACH M NPEEPAMAAC HOTA B AyaBIYPy MyTEM OTHECeHIIS K MeHHO- one, B 1909 rony s-no1 nepa Bynraxona saturta crates «Hapotoe xosaticrs0 1 PeNMTHOSHAK mMHOCTEY, HaNNcarTAT THON cHATBHBIM BrevaTenKem BeGepon- ‘coil KoReMuK npoTecTarrTCKDi acKe- ‘tux, passa, neppax ncrpesa pyccxoit oGmecrBesHocru ¢ BeGepow oxaaarace i. M Borganos-Benucxai. Honue xoanena. 1914 F xynonnk wooopanen pease Cronanckon erpapnod pebopmn. Koecren¥cyan ‘cen ssa Kpeai» ae, npwodpena 6ubwee ‘Avopeicroe nner v skye nog cacre yon. ad wa canoaapa w anasn aceraa Guna oxasatenen AocTen. PRXE APYTHX CRON paoT cTpeMuTes ‘BocnOMHHTTs stor mpoBen. Yanrsisas ciryanuno Toro spentenst, Bynraxos nomxed Osu, xasaocs 6x1, yilemirs ocoGoe sxmvanne seSepon~ ‘rains crarsan a Temy nepaoii pyccKoit HECKO:TBXO CROMKAHHO, HOcKOKY Mpa- peBomomNEH. 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B. Kosva- xa Bepxonnin Ipanirrenen Pocen. A MM. Arepic. epumtioli peaxnwomnocru a counam- oii orpanniennocri Benoro xsioxe10a ccrano npaasesie renepaa M. K. Jyre- puxca ITpuwopse n Gaponta P.®. Yurep- xa hou [lrepaGepra # Mouromm. Bucrynuaunil © xpirraxoit spyaa Mi mioxoaa Measrysos orweritt «ncyaas- oct» Tepaunia «Besoe sBioxene> (110 nnpuame ero Gmisocra ¢ aBixeHIeM att- ‘TuGorbuesticrcKuM) H roKasat nom ‘ueckyo npuictpactioct® MittioKosa w ero ompexxemt ucropu Tpaxkaancroit noms: (Meaerynos C. II, Tpwcxancxas nofinia 8 ‘oceeuteii I H, Mumoxona (Ilo nosoay «Poceus Ha nepexoMe). TTapink. 1928). Tpexcranstemt comiaicriseckoro reps, KaK MpaBiLTO, TAKA OTCAKECTINA- it Benoe aaoxerte ¢ «peaxunelDs,«@oeH- ‘uumioiby, Bnepabie npoasisutelics Ho Bpe- aa «KopiiIORCKOTo MATERA IL HOCTORH- Ho TopMoaiemelt «paspuTHe eMoKpa- ‘ria, B 9T0M oTHomemmi xapaxrepHt ‘ouewiot H. JJ, Apkceutsena, A. A. Apry- viosa, B. JI. Topia. Xapaxrepno nassaunte xara Aprysona, nocesmiémoii apana- suecxoll neropun Yéunexoro rocyzap- Cctmenworo coseuarnex at Yebuotexoit mpe~ ropint: «Mexay ayn Gomurenusata- ‘mim, B-10 ke peMa nperceaarers cBepr~ HyToil tupexTopmt AnkceHTses JlonycKast BOIMOAHOCTH «lemoxparstsaumtH> Gea peaunon 4 mp junxTarype Komwaxa. Seep MB. Bunk yreepacia, sro Gesste wt atexoaWM #3 HETEpeCOB st oMpee- ABuHoro Koracca, HaNHONAAIBHOCTH. HAIL nraprain, rom, Gyan SanOMRAIEKAMH <= Toit wei, abUIBHTasm aGcoMOTHO «np peaabutsie» oayrw’. JIpyrofi mpeacranit- Tem sceponcsoli naprun, A. Danis, MpanowepHio oTweva oOkemmNeHe B px ax Beoro amioseta Boextoro it ‘aroeyapeTReHHO-NBICISIeTOD ane- MeHToB, BEULeARK TPH 3TOM port Ka acrexoii naprunt. B Mapxeucteko-nenmucKoii (cohuusamuoii 8 1920-1980-x ro- ax) eropworpadut we e110 pimgemansvoit pasiuns Mexay Beauim, anruGomsutesicrexnn it OMTPPeBOIOLNOHHEIM JIBMACHIS- su. 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Xapaktepwas eras — co- aco TpHtsTsIM rpaNMarHsIeckHM Yo~ TaHOBKaM, cnOBOCONETaHA «Ges1a8 FBAp- aus», «Gesiag apais>> omneHKI OHI Gurr nanneausi co ctposnoli, a «Kpac~ Mat apaatw, «KpacHan rBapaito» — ¢ saragvolt GyKER, B poceniicxsx onunkioneausieckx caonapax, ysuutesunnx exer 8 1990-¢ ro- 1b, Beoe JuHDxKEHME ONPENEIOCS € aK- MeHTOM Ha BOCHBYIO COCTABAIOUIYIO, Kak Konan. soopyxéunide conporimiene» coner- ceoit sacri, napran Gomburenuxos. B c- Topuorpapan H neTopisecKDi myGmem- ccruge navana 1990-x cra wenomaonati- Tepun «aurrHGombuesicrexoe se ne». Onsiaxo asTopbt ne crewivtH aKa Nérkwe onpereTeHHs KBKIOMY 13 TEN ‘TepNmHO Mt pasar OIE OT APYTOTO". Hecmorps aa 1pyawoctn crauosew ocewicKoll MeTOAOAOTHH HCTOpHE, RRE- ‘ene B Hay"utait OGopor orpoxttoro sate- 1a PAHEE HEMSBCCTHBIX HCTONHIIKOS C1tO- ‘coGcTmORATO Hay'eKIO AaHHOTO TepMtt- na. B monorpadiat C. B. Yerumncita gana eb cueayiouiee onpeeneHMe be0rO ‘aRinxeH «B tIMpOKOM cc e108 — 970 Bee YeACTHKH aHTUGomEeRULKOTO pitas... 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Meroaos10- THveckylo OcHOBY eBoeTO HceAeAOBAHUS nia onpexeaier Kax «axryamamponan- myioca Ha Gone npoucxoxmmelt cxcenst napauronst snsunaenin Teopitio Moxep- usaf, oGocHosusasmyIo AoroHAI0- ‘unit Tim passicria poccwiiexoit rocyzap- CctmexHocri c oGasatesbuolt onpesensio- ‘ute poato caworo rocyaapersa...». 370 aaéT BosMOxHOCTS paccMarpuBaTE HC- ‘Topmo Benoro miexenns Kak peamssa- ‘uso oaMoro m3 RapuauTos jorousioutelt Moaepaisai0)", ‘Zyxonuuti, narpormueckuii esac Betioro pioxeHia BuulenxeTcx B OcHORE xapakrepvernen, mpesvioxennolt C. B. Boswoasin 1 A. B. 3yGoauim. «OrHoure- ule x BeoMy ssicxetino —3t0 orHouie- HE K CTHHOMY narpHOTUsMy», «Ge- sable Osu npexke Beero naTpuOTANtH Gopomcs 3a Beauxyro, Eamnyso u Hene- aMMyio Poceuto, OHM — qsauuirrHnKit Poccuifexoit rocyaapersemoerip. ‘irepecrisze noaxons1 ects, 8 cospe- Menoli ueropieckoii nyGmauicTuKe, Orwesas coumamstie-nomirHicckyi0 co- panwrenscrao ra Pecea 1920. 2 crea or ranean NH, Bpanrens "pemkep-mincrp A 8 Kpuoizeh). Panwa 3.2007 7 18 Benoro siswxenns, B. B, T. Kapa-Mypsa noaépe- as ero xanGepanbitalt xapaxtep», 0 DeNeIIAN KAK «OTOPBAKHOC OT Combi Cetwa Hacer», uyaka0e eMy «npono.t= 2axcue Denpans 1917 rox». B. C. Hy xkapéB, Hanporus, soutessu o6miepocent ccxuit xapaxrep Besioro susixcams, co- Spanmiero B cBOH pats («a10L0640 Geo- My uneTy, BKITOSAIOMIEMy B ceGe aetonoli cextp») mpesicrasureneii ca- Mux paix nlonMTHecKHX TeveHAit — or NoHapxiieToR 0 couastHcTOR! Tloxasaremio onpesesienne Bexoro amxenns, xanoe B MpoeKre saKoKa «O peaGunuranian yuacramkos Besioro Bit ACH, BWA MIpeHTArABLICTOCR Ta yraepavterne Tocyzapersewoli ays ‘paxuneit JYTIP — 2 anpens 2004 rosa 14 mous 2006 roma. B uéx secreatunes cxexyioume onpesenenna: «Beaorsap- elickne opranuraaiuin — sxeurpanrexite PORMHA 3-2007 ‘A.M. Resmunn, A. Ml Boraencont, 10. H. Moujencn Monoup (waeau). 1919 oBmtectnerie obneaNHeHHs, cTasHBUMe ccaoeii uems10 Sope6y ¢ Gombutesitere NACTHIO H OGuBaBMHECs BOCCTAHOBIC: ug anacTH, cyutecTeosanutelt 10 25 oK- ra6pa (7 woROpa) 1917 roma». «lima, puumwanuine yeacrue w Besos asivae- ‘Hun — mma, eayxupume » Bezol apacnn ot» mn06erx rpaactauteKirx ypexctent- Ax, B TOM sHLCz€ PYROBOMMHBLINE BOCHHOH H TpaoKxaHicKOll AZQUIHHCTpANMENN, Ha OAHBILHMHICR Ha TePPHTOPHH, KOHTPO- smpyentoli Beaoit apaueli, » nepwios,c 25 ‘oxtsGps (7 HoxGpa) 1917 roxa tio 1 moa 1923 roua; mma, oMurpuporasuime 13 Pocus, 6oposuinecs ¢ GomsuesncTeKoit Rnacraxo— mila, OKHHYBUNH TeppHTO- po Poccun w nepiog ¢25 oxcrxGps (7 Ho- Gps) 1917 roaa no 31 sexaGpa 1927 ro- Jia W yuactaonaRuunte # Genorsapaciicxix oprammpaniiax, B TOM stene BoaBpari nec v3 9MrpaLUIH AOGPOBOBHO HTB "npunyanrenbioM nopazke, B T02ke Bpe- ‘Ms asrop6i npoekra jesa.1t oroBoPR} raacio RoTopoll «He nowIeKaT peaGwaH- ‘TAM THEA, eC HX AesTeABHOCTE GouTa ‘anpansicua na TeppirropHassioe pacwie- nnenie Poccim, B TOM HHesIe TIO HaMHO- Hambnony nprcaiaxyn" Tem ne metiee 1e06xomiMo Gonee wer eo pasesleTe OnpemeneH «KOHTppeBO- mouMOHHEty, «anTHGoapuesMeTexi” 1 dGeaniiy. B Mouorpadnt Yuakona 2a Grea nanGonee Tosa xapaKrepurcTIKa ‘Tepautia «artTtGombillesHETeKOC ABIDKe- Hie», 310 «COROKYMHOCTS COMWATHHO- NONWTHECKIX CH, NO pasa pH Han Hc pasiaix rosin BbicrynasuTix nnporim GombuienHicrckoll AMKTaTYpss, 8 suilex0 KOTOpLIX BKMoAeTER COBCTHEHHO Beaoe sisvokenne; peruouasuste mpovi- BOGONKIIERHCTCKE PEKUNL, CHOKHB~ umiges a Teppirropust Poccuticxoit mn- nepuit » 1918-1919 ronax, raKwe, KaK pexxura Croponiatcxoro na Ykpaune, Bpe- Mennoe CuSupexoe mpasirrenscrso, Ko- wutrer waenos Yupesurembuoro coGpa- vag, Yobuocxas ampextopi n mp; xa3a~ vbw TocynapeTmentnte CTPYKTYPHI Ht 0O> pavosatitia: JloucKoli Bolickonoit Kj KyGancKax pane ap. mporus0Gom sierekwe OGpazoaaniia it OpraHitsauHn nia Teppirropiit, NoxKOHTpaBHOH Cone- raw (Ipanitii nenrp, Hanvowamsnsit neHrp, Coros noxporkteHs 1 ap.) Uro ace kacaerex «Besoro BHDKeHUAD, ro Yuiaxon nenomayer » KavecTHe cu HMM TepMinit «reHiepasIBCKAR KONTPPEBO- ious» (nporimonooXxHBAit “leMOKpA- iriecxoll vormppenomot>),aRas ee aytoiice onpexteienne: «...tcaxHO TONE ars riox Bemin saiexenen.. 1eHTHHt ‘Tex oGmiceTBeHHO-NONETHYeCKHX HBO ‘enHBSX dbopsmpoRari (BKMOvAR Hx ro cyaapeTaenmute (hopwsl), KOTOPIIE MpEsI- cramiam, npexe ncero, sipumme Boe ble M1 rocyaaperacHo-nommrTHeckHe cerpykryphi iapexoli Pocemi KoTOpBIC 8 (CRON Mporpanowax, HIeOOTHSX, a TAKE Ha yposie THMHSHOTO cosHAHHA yaacr- ‘muka 9Toro amioxenx vorerrrHeuniEpoBa- an ceGa B KawecTwe nerruwmbix mpeem- ruxos pycenoii rocyaapeTBensiocri coor eTcTHeMHO, wiicTynax 3a e€ BoceTaHK nenve B ocHoaHiom m rpaHuuax Poccnit- colt miepiat na Nomen e& xpymenus 8 1917 roay 8 opm eamnoii oOutenasnt- onanbiolt anaCTH...»” A. B, E3eep ormewas, 110 Xora C10 pocowcranne «Geax rsapauay neficT- nurrenbiio oxsii0ck 27 oxrsGps 1917 larwnoe, A.M. Boraencun panrene m nen voxwopyECHORD ‘npasirensctea. 1920" roza («rax nasuisanu coGx cry- acnueckue Gocsse apyxnnet 8 Mocxse»), «c 3t0ro spenenit paxenua «Gena reapaiiay, «Ge- 2OFBapateituboy 9HHESO_MYECKI TO- SIBILIHCE TOASKO B COBETCKOH e- sari», a «x ocent 1918 roxa B conercxoli evar yraepaaacres mporsponocrapnene — «xpac- bie — Geaste Kak oGosnavcune asyx atarepelt 8 Tpaxkaancxoit soliue». Maerores caexenis 0 sGeaoii rapanu», xax canona- sail KOHTppenOmOnHoMETIX Sopxuposamuit enté no speves pe- somouns 1905-1907 rooB, oa- saxo mupoxoe ynorpeSene na C sérxoro nepa ny6amunctoo, eMONSSOBABUUIIX MOH B TO Pe~ SomonwonHoe pews cpasHesit ¢ santaznoenponelickHMH coOHITHR- ot xonua XVIII pexa, 2T0 cover He O.rKHO Gbi1O TlosepKHYT onapxnseckitit xapaxrep mpoTis- nso Coperekoii ntact. Oxi K- 6st namepesaimics (noOGHO ters ‘TiucTaM, posmicrat neprio7a aut- uiicxoit ¢pamuyscxoi pesomoutit) soceTanositrs Mowapxio. Ho 208 caMux «Gemsno) ropasgo naxxiee criopos 0 ‘bop- Me rocysapcrsenoro yerpolicraa Osi Bompoc 0 coGcrmennolt ersrinautit, 06 ‘oTHOMIeNII K HM. CO CTOPOH Poccii exoro oGecrsa. [IpumesatensHo, To sore wecuenosarem [paxnavexoti olitsi, onmpaace Ha SHOE npaBOMep- sili Teamc 0 «Gezanacraim, «xaoce, 10 POKAEHUBIX upyccKoit eMyroib nave XX sexa, Heqocrarowno oOpautasit su Mane Ha 9tor wopimeckati crarye canoonpeenenus Benoro asioxems. Baxviefiuntit mower —npeacrasure- aut «Benoro aainxenun» onpesiensint CeO OCHTEAINE serHTHMAKO! «HAUHOHAe- oft sacri, onomsaya Tepann «pye- cao» (pyccxax apnais), «poccuiicxutiy, sacepocenitciaioy (axwupan A. B. Kox- ‘sax — Bepxosnil [pasirres» Poccn, 2 ne Bepxonmuti Tpanuren. Benoro aninxenna, Oncke sacetano ue Cu- ‘Supcxoe, a Poceitickoe mpasirrenscrs0), TlostoMy Tax CrpeMILIiich BOCHHBIE 1 nositrisleckHe leRTesTH k TpHaHAHIIO HX 0 cTOpoH! HHOCTPAHHX rocysapers. Hlostomy Tak TuatembHo noxuépxupani OHM MpeeMcTBeHHOCTS CHOHX npaBit- Teasers OT MepHona 20 «Gomtbune- sulerexoro mepesoporay H 0 «pasrona ‘Yapesurremsuoro coGpanusy. Beste oF [BpHauau 1x «aaKONHBINUE HOCHTEAANL rocysaperpemnoli miacri> (8 mpotsB0- Bec cy3ypMATOpAN-Go.TbIERHKAM) 2- sulcema, KIX CHMTaMOCS, CTeMeHB HX NOX aepxxn. B oroli cBx3« ToxbKO cnoa HM. Wogenws (cneaa).. ‘ OB0H impoxo pacnpocrpasieni. Ho ateck cne- ayer yuumrsipars Gni0ctb saHHOTO porta « Onin. Tam » Havane 1918 rona muna Tpaxtaxexas aoltia Mexk- {Ay cTopomnsayn pocentixnx Sosbure- BHKOB HEX MPOTHBHRANE, 18 He C0- nocoweTantis «axpactas raapsui, «Beran Teapansoy HemomBs0RaAHCh Op HILATEHO. B omurpamnin cnopocoreranme «Bence mmicxeume yroepritoce yaxe ¢ 1921 ro- ‘na. 31ecb, ® YCAOBHAX OTOPpAHHOCTH OT Pocem, exunmiti nomerisecenit ¢pposrt ‘enenmuTa Nacca pasmiaiix momeTie- ‘xix etpyxryp. Fponoartamesne 1160- srorun «ben0fi GopsOuD> U0 MHOFHX cra- HHOBILIOCS EXHHICTREHHO BOSNOHEIM CTIO- coGoN OsITHECKOTO CaMOYTRETPANEHIA B YeMOBHINX OsICTpO MetIOIEtiCa AIH yccKoro sapySeans. Taxus o6pa20m, onpeneeume ‘Tepaitsa mpuestrTessHo K Tox anoxolt noite w Pocem, a want DOTA, AOTRHO OCHOREIBATECH Ha eneayiomnex xpierepusx: Tigpage, Bestoe aniexene ‘710 opraniaonaitide RoeHHO-n0- mmrieckoe conporimene (1 He TosbKO noemtoe) coneToKoit racrit, Gonbutesucrexolt nap- ‘in H compyaHHanIIM ¢ Heh rofurriecki erpyicrypam (11e- nbte acest p.). Yenonux [pa “xs1aHeKo!t pOHHBI Cena TH- mHsHIM OGoroxHoe BocuEIO-no- umruseckoe _ mporusocrossme (spacuie — Gens). Eto upiamnsaunonnve obopse ene Hatanoce © MoNeHTA paa- potsa opuansccnoi npeewcrecn ocr pocewiickoit rocyaaper- peroerit nocne enepaenix Bpe- ‘MewHoro npasieresberma HK ania Yapesurexsoro co6p: in 8 oxtsGpe 1917 — axmape 1918 rona. Viaeonormeckoe 2, porpannioe o*popscrente Be0- TO ABIDKCHUA HaHANIOES aH ie —e MowetTa nonroroaKH ABCrYTUIe- us revepasia Kopxwona. Opranaauus Benoro msicxena no acepocciticxon actiTaGe sanepuinacs nocxe yeration- ‘nena mnacrs Koxvaxa 1 mptianx ero ‘BeAYLHL BOeHHO-THONITHECKHNI eH ‘paw na cenepe, Cenepo-sariaae w sore Pocea. Xapaxrep ewacernis mpoansi 4B musmocrsx pyxonosurrenelt Gexix ‘$pouron, coveranunx (¢ paavioit crene- xHb10 apexrimuocr) b ceGe KavectEa BOEHHDIX Ht OUTHETHSECRH THLIEDOR (Te= xepam Kopuuton, Aniexceen, Lenina, Kosax, Bpaurens, arawan [Iyros, Kpaciot, Cenéxon i 1p.) ‘Buopoe, B obcranonke soenurx xeit rout Benoe anunxcrme ncxosvin0 13 npu- ‘opirera eamosesioit wae Ha wonne- TambxoltH, KaK Mpanit70, nOeHHON nna cern ma parxsaexol (poexHO unerary- put). Orcyrcrposano sto pastenene fnacrel (Genbie npanresscrea cosera Qymcumnt saxoHoxerensuoll w nenomn- ‘enbuoit anacreii, ocoGoe aaveute r0- aya anmapariite, Gropoxparaieckne ‘Metoxst ynpaaeais, [pencrasiresbtaa sacra sce spar wirkaxoi{ pom, vt cnosiinacs x conetarensinan KEAN. Tip oro exuommas, aikrarypa HROCTOsIIO crpeMIACK K MAKCHNATIO oaMoxsiol 1erumsioeTH, a eenar 970 es npeactasirenbHBIx crpyktyp oKaabI- aioe caioxio. Fpobiena 2aKmouaiaeh B TON, $0 MOKET cocTaniETs «bynaa- eir tipeacrasitrensHocti. Cyuiecrao- apie napruiiakie crpykrypt sum xoRaH OpraHUSAIDIORHSIMIE 1 HEICOTO- Pogua 3.2007 19 20 rnrvecxunnt paniasor, @ Meare oar Mors pacr.tie8 13-38 H)~ penn rondo. B Toft erry au emomsosaates 1a coe1onto-mpodec- conaunoe (ationavoe) npexcra Temerno, nz (ropeazo waste) mpeacra- BHTENBCTBO BMH HALTApTHITABEX OGULe- ‘roero-nommrsecxax erpyicryp Kepe> rnocpesteTH0 npumaeernat x (10 BIGOPY “Gumcraropan i ero oxpYxeHIs) x paGore » oprasax neromarrenstofi seers (pa3- $IHSMBIX panirrenbcTHax Wat Cone sx) H eemtoro caNoynpanneisit. BHC- Inyo mpeteranirreny0 i CaRKIONH- pyroutyio nacre, zomaio Gusto ocyecr= baer Hannonasioe Yapesurrensiioe coGpanne, cosnaHHoe «nocne noGembt nay Gomieniron0> ‘Toemc, Bee snvoxennte erpensizocs x erat Ro RCEpOCeHIACRON. MAC- imaGe. Joa sToro nenomaonaach nep- conaism (soenawaiiiki, MCTPS, ecru anacrp) nm wpiuutsecKas pees ‘eTREHHOCTE Kak OT OdespaMbCKoli, TAK 1 for aooraGprcroit 1917 roa Pocctt, x0- 4H nocerarfonerme peas. mpanoor- omen (anpuniep, pantkax teses~ wilt coGeremiocT) rie HeKAWOXa0 HX cymieetBeHHoro pecbopmmposania, B xo- esmow ore aro mpinsen0 Gexoraaprei- came npasitreaborsa x pHa et oft, o6itepocciiicnoli wnacru meas Spa Kosaka x mprstaritio ocion- nix nonexent ero nporpanns. ‘opal, pt KoTOpOH MoO Geto it ocr naxeunanbiio zomyeriMorO (© Tome spentin miviepow Besoro setae tna) coveranua nirepecon «ateHtTpa> 1 fperuowion steam comtan HeKo- eft cTpyypH (KOAMIIOHOe pat renserno, neni Burcu coner, focy- Zapersemoe conemante, peterasi- {Temirax xoneperiix 1 xp.) ® paSore roropoit npmana 6k ywacrite mpex- Cranirent xpaeasx, o628CTHIX aBTOHO- Du, xasavecraa, Yrnepatente pw Gyayutro rocyaapcroentuoro yerpoliersa Mt mpannenna s Pocent ((pentepausts, CO103 Tpunevowus ry Peon A Ht Ovepen prea ey, ESSN toi apne Sone 8 Loc chennnC an Sonpara Kamara. 83H 2006 FeteparaHopuuoe, ange 1917 non ‘ay /recin Rv, 2. 2008) henry Foc Koa .205: Sinn 8 Bence sven : ocnicaneeynaetenac. neon Fpowapcsot ena. Bneran. 687 ‘Senoe 8. S01 ‘osemencres oc 2003; ConA. Gene nacre a CevapoSoaae Foc butt ) C160 one A s83rkapoenwo 8. Ovepns nope Bene avn ae econ (Gou7-is20 re) M205 wa Paqmna 3.2007 7 Yamoo AW. Cepenannan poco tcnpeapabue aerbomensectre owenon eros punaarcoh eo © Fea 2000 peu kf enero face ee tt, yecnce spyeenscn 8.7. (a7eek BC Pra Prem). Mann fh Bevan ae (peenoune x eberoenson: bpm 1925) [70 roan Poca M1983. € 34), arom Pcie Sean 8 Beepocorcaoe ‘opment spe ape 1952, awrononitix oGacreli, KoNCTITTytIHOH- ax Moniapxna, pecmyGamxa) zonyexa- sioc® Tomo c canKuny Haiwtowanoro ‘Yapesnremsioro coOpanis (Wos0To co- ‘uupa). Henio 2ra ocoGeHHocT® rom ‘uweckoil mporpamwt Besoro Zanker comtanaia TpyaHocTit H npenaTeTBHE B OTHOMIeHNRX C TocysApeTBEHHBIMH HOBO oGpaosannawn nepwora Tpexnancxoit ois, Hx MmpHsnamme (xorH Ost «ie- axro>) axe Torma, Kora 370 JINKTORA- Och ROCHHEIM CoOGpaxeAHAN (npH- ‘uaume Hesanneumocrt IcroHNK, Din- -uamcaum, pecnyGmx Kanxasa). Yeraépioe. MIpysnanute o6uepocenit- cexoro nettrpa oGyenoBu0 cTpeNtteHtte K ‘oGutsiocTa roaiTHYecKEX nporpaMc HK oopaMaiun HoeHHEX elicrsuit. OGu- OCT MposmAAack 8 mprasysraHO CXOKEM PeuIeHHH OCHOBHBIX « (arpapxoro, paGowero, HauHonatbe ‘Horo it ap.) pocciticxoit xeitersrtemb- HocTH B YcnoRUsX «BTOpOH cMyTSD. Ocyutectaitrs noenioe manworelterane Guino Henerko, Ho M anecb YaaLIOCe NlOC- ‘Tub onpemenéumuix pesyabtarst (0co- Geno necnoli-ocens10 1919 roxa). Pasy- Meeres, nOHOTO enHHICTEA OGHTBCH Oht- 410 xoxHH0, CHeAOBATO YUIETEIBATE I Pe~ ‘rwodanisiyto cmetnpixy Toro num MHOFO ‘pour, w nouruveckme cusearvat = acpon, Ho oGuine nonoxenua nomrise- ‘exoro Kypea OkLmM OsIMHaKOB ‘Tare, O6utas via ncex Gemx peru Mow «aepaxanian CHMBOSIEKa» OGuIepOC- coiicxoro xapakrepa. Tpéxumeriait (Ge~ no-ciie-xpaciif) Hanwonamounsit quar, ‘nuyrnansa és (a pacxmnsasx dpopaax tt coerannax), o*punnansio yraepacéu- vali Poceniicxune npapicremmscrsos rious, «Kone caaen want Taian 6 Crowes. ‘Busurenepewmesensie mpursuaxnt cyte Ccrpeno oTaNIaioT TlousTHe «ben0e aHt- ‘xen, atekrerTHOe pacpOCTPABEHHOMY x cepemiare 1920-x rogos rows «rene QIBCKAN KOHTPPEBOMOMIED, OT «lEMO- peritieckoii xorrppesosnouuns: Kosai ‘ret sevioa Yupesitremuoro coOpanis, ite. 1988 tena on D0. Np fon C56 cro ipennecoa oot ‘anton. Beoesoenenre (op ony souaa Mann} Bone Doce para 1920 e810; 203, ‘pmaawor abba oe trepoen EC. M 1987. 6-61. {oun B Beas fap 1. Yr 8. ene amen sons sci win (19172) Neopet ve bh Woton08. 12, Gagon de, Gsce ance are Pecan’ otinis20 rere. 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ITO ox, npycexunt ysnrremt, sz nocrmrrantHe CcouMary, BOCMITAM Hs INKOmBHTIKA Tpax- ‘awa, a consar, nosso SHOEI H ‘Gpasonanne, o6ecresa noGeay. —Howamue «coyuarousie nayxuy oma- 10 waupoxo wenaxssoeamnex y Hac cpast- ‘mexono nedasno. mo osnavaem ©2080 coyuaronesiiy ¢ uareaneu Bawezo esa? — He 8 raxwe yx manéxne spewena y nhac Gbu10 mpntxrO cnrTaTs, TO «COU ‘amsitoe> — 370 obinectaentioe. Mexcty ‘TeM comtamBHOe H OGMECTRENTHOe — 970 conepuieno passe xateropii. Cxtio- sn oGutecTBesm0To — «xosLTeKTIBHOe), 4 cimoHm counatsHoro — «arMRHTY- amsioe>, Touee — mHsoeTHOe. Cou ANbHTIM' ARATE CB, TO OrpancaeT nnprixrie 1. 2 Tlootoxy 8 neppos cysae pew war O Xapakrepwersike commTyNa, xowerrima. 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AG- ComorHoe GombUNHICTHO HHH HORbIE {a woicurelt ikon CTpaHB:COWIATEHAR paGora, coumambiaa megarorixa, cout ‘ANGMAR TICHNOOTN, COUMALTSHAS TepOK- Toorus, consambuan Nesta H peaGu- AMTayONINe TexHOOTHM, toReHONOTUR W cemuenexenve, opraaisayus paGorst c Mosoxéaio. B apyrix caysasx coumambuniit nos XO HaksainaeT OTeUaTOK Ha TpAsyALN- onnie wanpasstexs. Cxaent, HH BHC ‘THKA/B HaUleM yHuRepcirete oGorar- ack coumommirscriKoit; Hapany ¢ Najaccustecxoii coumoorneli pasBHnaetes counioxorsa coumamuoit céepui. B Ha lurest Gomsusom sKoHOMITHECKOM GIOKE ocoGoe siaieHe HMeeT couMaAbHOe ‘tpaxosane. Mii — neponi yaunepeu- ‘et Poccim, vavasuinil noaroroaky ene- LMANNCTOB x MeHCHOHHEIX *POHIOB, B ‘ToM "ene HerocyaApeTBeHHBsx. PogMMA 3.2007 Canreiiuit Marpuapx Mocroscit acen Pycn “Anoxcwit TT ynocrown B. Mc Ky ‘dfob putt nacrsipe Taxsn oGpasoM, MoxwO exasarb, 10 contami xapaxrep, comanssian 1a- paniennocts o6paxosariix — >To, » nepayio o¥epens, CHcTeNHt, mrerpa- TuBubit Noaxon K MomyyeNO snaNt Heusocrs eneunasmcros, nonysoeui conmabiioe oOpazonanite, ocobertHo Be- JNK.» nepHON CTaHOBIeHA raat cxoro oGuiectsa. Yew: nposeccnona- Nee oOenyaumalores comanbitie n0- ‘peGwoctH wexoaexa, Tem aillle ypo- en momrueceoii craGitasiocrit. A star, rest Graronpierice YenonWa 218 anbitefinnx noniTHBHx nepenert — He woznu Bos nonodpotnce pac- ckasamy of uxnosayuonnast xapaxmepe Sexmensuocmu yrusepeumema? — Vinnonaunonnas cocrasnmomas Gua sanoKeHa ye MH opramimamet sysa. Meno nay stinasa eers o600- Nosbisars commasoubie cncunanSHOCTH, cossanars nepawie y'eGusie mporpan- Nb, cosaneTb n BuINycKATS neposie Ha Hie YPHONKL, NepaWe KyPCK eK- iui, yxeOnuen iH yuedmae mocoGu. Apyroii Giox miosanonnolt sextet HOCTHE caxsan ¢ noBomUeHeM HaysHO- nenarorssccxoii xsasnuxaun npetto- snaparencit. 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Keeaxoe xenno 3amemun: «<8 npedpesonoquonnoe epena wamuck Ha uapcKyio Poccu senu He ‘mono nudMOKU u MyHOUpEL HO U CMUpeHHie PACs... PesonoUUR ‘seuna eceny mupy nopmpemiyo 2anepeo pesonoyuonepos, OG nevénnen ebicoxum caHOM nacmped u apxunacriped YepKeu>. pyccxod yepxoaHOd ucmopuu MuAyewle20 Cmanemus, KAKU & ‘remonucu scerenckod yepxeu, ecms yoarueuiueca om mupa rnodeunnunu w nonuruvecau aKmusiele Gesmenu, ecme cmpoeue ‘«cmapono6ein u me, xmo zomos dosepumsca 6ydyureny... lacnednum Uucnarmanuen dna xpucmuanuna nopodi crawoaumes aoaMoxnocms punnmmun nyvenuvecxoz0 senya, Yrousiymbil @ RyBNUKYeMOM HUME ‘ocmpo nonenuseckon ovepne Muxauna BoGkuxa mumpononum Kueecrul 1 fanuyxuti Bnadumup (Bozosenenceul), maraxmnueei 6020cn08 ‘unepeadduun, ycneuno aocrodus no cmyneHaM yepKoaHol enacrn: ‘on sosenasnan Canapcnyo enapxur, (pysunckutlak3apxam, a samen ‘ockoscryo engpxvo, Guin NocmaeHuNOM u crodeLonHUKOM BesUKod ‘upeunu Enusasemes Peodopoanss. YoanéHnsil 6 1915 eody 3a Kpumuny Pacnymuna co cmonuynod Kawpedpsr Kuea, snaeixa ‘npunan eepanscxy pesomouuio Kak us6aaneNue Uepxeu om nneHeHUR zocyBapomeo. Henee Yew vepes 200 mumpononum cman ous us Inepetix HOsoMyseHUKos: OM Gbin pactmpensH «Gopyamu 30 HapoOHOE ‘cvacmse> y cmen Kueeo-Slevepcvol naaps. No coudemenscmey, coxpanénHomy npeBanues, anadeika neped cwepmo ycnen Gnazocnosums caoux y6uliy u npousnéc: «602 Ga npocmum eac...» Aanéxuid om yepxeu nosm odhaxdsi uspéx ceoil eepduxm: ‘lyrosencmso Pycu ucmopuyecku sucmo». PyccKaa yepKo8s npowna ce0d ucmopuveckul nym 6 XX sexe anecme Co cBouM HopadoM. H ‘emecme c vapodom ova oxazanace pasdenéHHol, sHavumensHan ‘yacms €€ oymunace 8 usznanuu, 8 paccennuu, «va perax Basunoucrux», PycckaR npasocnaaHas yepkos® 30 zpanuyell (PyccKas sapy6exvaR yepkoes) — semes npasocnasHoz0 Hapoda, uments! komopod esxcmpadanu u cBepeenu He monsxo eepy, HO u oco6y0 ayrosHyi udeHmusHocms, waNPANYIO CEASBIeaDUYO UX C dopesonoyuonou Poccued. Ceeodnn PyccxaR yepkoes.cmoum 4a nnopoze soccoedunenua dayr eé vacmeii. Mmozom mHozonemHux oHcynsmayuil, unnynec Komopsim npudan Npesudenm Poccuu B. B. ITymun, mana dozosopénnocm, coznacha Komopoi 17 mas 2007 2060, 6 dens Bosnecenun focnodna, 8 xpame Xpucma Cnacumens Cocmoumes nodnucanue Axma 0 KaNoHUvecKom OBuenuu, a 3ameH ‘nepaoe coswecmoe ozocnymenue u OBujee npusawenue vepapxo9 UL kaupukos yke e@unod Pyccrod epxeu. axe danéxuil om yepkosHod _xuaHu ven06eK He MoKeM He CO3HaBaMs 8c SOXHOCM’s 37020 Lucmopuveckoea wonenma, podcmeenHozo apenenaw BceneHcxux coGopos. Yspasesanue yepkosHoz0 pasdopa aenaemcs cumeonuvecrum soccoedunenueM PyccKo20 Mupa — sasepureHuen ‘moi yenu ucmopuveckux coBsimuld, Hayao Komopod| nonoKun eapans 1917-20. BOsMOMHO, HaM Cyx@eHo cmams ceudemensmu nocnedHez0 aKkopda, saKnovaiou4ezo cuNcponu PyccKol Cuymes. ‘Mumepasi Haweny xypHany noGesn0 coenacuncs dams esscoxonpeocesuenHetiulud mumpononum Jeep, lepeouepaps PyccKod -apy6exvodi yepreu. 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Ten Goce #70 ‘momke YROMAHYTHIe OnPeAeAteH ep Nonbio He ocyAAMCb Ht He Mlepecsat- (Ghrzee h 2832 39) gm. wois.cse. 12 trea eaorooune #6 aoa ‘auemocaporeren, Roce poor ercotcant tress, cor aeons ‘ac jryana nectar rosea moras st — IRS} wroanaseny nsec notes Someasjaercnunaronaceicnon Grlcnng gem pooracen ere Sonecaemon potions acre fpenenas mprnces (UB 1917, Nits cone bernie oaonenva R915, 4 FWA 796, 52 Fh @. 796On. 29.0 2882.1. 36; crt nome ‘Sagat fens Cuero ee wena ‘co (ox mba: oat pupaaics. Octaétes mint MieHe Ciuoxa Kax aptopmreTaoe H oduut- aubwioe muenme PIII 0 coGsrrusx (bes pass H Napra 1917 ror. Tlowsars ace MOTIMBSI «KARTBOTPCCTy- oli» geatemsHocTH xenon Cuno Mono ¢ yuérom mpoGneMtr «caauencr- nacnapersay. 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Ochostioli Morus pepomionoHHocTit AYNODCHCTBA SAKMONICK NOKE He B CcTpeMsIeRN ROGIER KOCBOGOATIEHIIND Luépxpu: or Tocysaperper0ro «nopaso- tesa, a8 nepsyto oNepeas—B wea- HMM OONETSapeKyIO BAACT aK xApHS- -Marusieckoro «Conepninka» m yrBepzutr coGcrmesiyi0 MOKONO:IHO Ha BeAEHHE H ‘pavtenaumio Boa Bowel Bc piutesnoxenioe nossoaser eAENAT BEIHOL, TO BHICHTEMy oprasty epkonHolt sagem, Cimony, mpuntas- TORI ona ¥3 OMpENETATOMUEX ported B Ccnepacenit wHCTITTYTA tiapCKOH BAIACTH, B yeranionenun 8 PoceH Haponoana- crn, PaxTirieckoe y4acTHe BBICITETO ‘AYNORCHCTRA B CHEPIKEHHM MOHAPXHH, & ‘Taroxe noccranonsiente B HosGpe 1917 roxa llarpuapmiecTsa sa10T ocHoBaHHE UWA MPOROTKEHNS HCCTEORAHHK POC cwiiexoro penamonmontoro mpoueces © ‘Tou sperm MpoGnembs “eBsIMLEHCTEA- aperwa. 2. Heasbuncr ‘omnes Sone Rares ano Ser tatns coun rare Stade ce Sree 2 porn ern, 117.1 ce {Srbrua 0,797.08 98197. Veron 38.995. 08 {Pik 0 797, 0,8: 1997. ito Woon R22 N77, 787, teak repens hepa toon 9 areas wget) M1968. 107 Ivor eT On. 06 917 ow: ‘eron 22.9 8-186 06 IPA. 796, 24.1917. Lom Veron 4.8 60.1238 On5 187 here, 7.0258 6.9.66.— isu.teae et BB. On fic 69.38 a, ano ne 192 PORMHA 3-2007 33 34 [TPAMAA PEYB) Ha sonpoces «Podunsy» ‘omecuaem sumponoaum Boemouno-Anepuranenuit w Howo-Hoprexui Taep, Tepeouepapx Pycexoi sapybewchon KepKeu Buauaxe nossoxnme cnpocums Bac 0 Bawem 2ecusnennan nym. Kaxoees ocuoenoie sexu Baweti Guo- zpadiuu kax pyccxozo, ncusruyezo sa pyGexcom, uw Hepeouepapra sap) Gexcnotl yepKsu? — Powuuea 1» Yexoesonaxunt 8 1928 roay. Toraa s coctas Yexocxo- saxitt axe: exits, CoowaKns 1 Kapnarexas Pyck (retepemuss acts anaxwoii Yxpaunst), Tepea caMuim Havaou Bropolt uposoii oiiear Yexocsonaxns Guuta pase: neva: weMuubl sans Yexmo, Cx0- akiis rloy"tta OT Hestes Hesani cumocte, a Kapnarexaa Pyce oxas0- sac oxkynuponanuofi Beurpueli. B 1941 roay Tepwanna oGnasuta noli- Hy Conetexoy Cony. SL poiuies na TIpanienckoii Pyet ‘toll wacru, xoropas ocTamacs 8 CO crane Cnonakuit W Teneps #axos ‘ay wonoit Caosaukoit PecnyGauke, Mecro moero poxutenitx — ces10 Taxomupona, 370 ono 1 Goats Ccrapsix 8x. Coxpaniuace samc 8 Ccenbexinx KHNTaX, rae yrronamHaeTes oit npenox Tumorpeii Lxypia rae (O_IH HE TPHXOCKHX WIEHOR H ste ‘reneit Cs, Muxaiizoncxoro mpixoa cesta JTanonapona, A poauicn 1 anwapa 1928 roja (x. cr.), KpecTiut mext vent apxnmaniapicr Burrasit (Maxcuntenxo), KoTopbsit nasi wax c 1923 roa nx MiCCHOHepeKy10 esTeABHOCTE B STOM pa, Jatomupona Giu1a wecroM ero xurresbeT8a H paGoT B xpemen « Gui naznant acres, 8 vecrs casroro Ba- cumin Beaxoro. Byayan mabinKom, « mpueny>kmnat 8 xpame Ca. Apxi- exparura Muxanna, A’¢ Il-nertero nospacra cram xox vecTe c apyram wauibanikom Huxonaem B MOMACTBIpl — 1 ‘aM MBI SaHHIWANIICe ¢ OTIIOM HepomaKoKOM KumpiaHon, Poquia 3-2007 paKriKoRaaiich B STEHHH case ‘ckoro TexeTa, 1TOGKi HTaTE B xpame GoroesyaeGuute Yacs!. Jammamics "raioke H pYCCKHN WreHHeM, "TOG B rpanrestioil wirrarh 2xurTHA cBaTSIX B 1934 roay s anpeste Mec ena yMepaa Mars Enena, i bt ;poli Mapneii ocramuce c oTuOM Muxaiuiow, KoTopstit sHoBB 2ceH~ a, Gnaroxapa YeNy y Hac ECT’ TpHL para: Hukonait, Moann n Muxan. Yuuuics 8 cesbcxoit miKore, 1 B 210 RPEN 5 Ha ANT Ip! MOH ceruipe, » Bparctse nperioxo6xoro Hosa ITovaeacxoro. Yu86y mpoo.- >kaut 8 ropoxcKom ysuuue 8 Catt ne, Taksxe n epoGoqu0e spent OT iuKorist yuuca wa Tacrsspexux kypeax pu o6irem a paGorasl & rumorpadu. B 1944 roay B sens mpasamuxa exntoro pasiioarlocTombHoro Best xoro Kisii Bagausmpa Bpatcrso mpenoxo6noro Hora 13-24 mpuGa- xaneroca (bponTa 9BaKyuposa- rroce sityrph crpan, 8 Bparcnasy. Hi x npucoeanuuaca x Oparcray. Tam = crait tlocayuninxom. B Bpa- Tienane Ma MpOXHAM AO HawaTa oporo, 1945 roma. 3aren yexaan 3 Tepaanino, » Bepams, a orryaa palion Ultyrrapra, neqateko ot Yanma, ium w nepesniax Deaba- uurereny, 3onaepwax, a novos X1o~ re, re 1945 roxy wat noxna- B mone 1945 rosa mst wn LJnefinapino, re pox trowrHt 10 cepesuabs HOsGps 1946 roa. Foxy Ccraparnoan aaonest apxnencxona Buravtin (Maxcisen~ ko) sist 8 CIA, Mix npuGsim » Histo-Hopx 30 noa6pa 1046 roza, a 4epes eu, 1 neKaGps, mpwexamt » Jbxopaati- nium, urrar Hii0-Hope. (Crrana Bory, abi aneck nuuincs & Bparcrso Cssro-Tpo- Koro MONAcTEIpA, HX GLLAO HATS HemOBeK, a HAC, MH- Gwpntnx, 6sin0 13 desonex. C Boxnell nowoupio waa neqarars xKypuaa «IIpanocaaniax Pyck» # epkoBHo-Go- rocnymeSible KHNTH, paGoram Ha xosaiicrae, u BecHOft =e 1947 roma wavaxoc» erpowrenscra0 CxsT0-Tpowtkoro co- Gopa, B 1948 roxy wayaaues aansTua Casro-TpowtKoit Cemmnapit, » KoTOpoll MB, MonOaBIE MOHAXI, YSHLANICS Mt saxonaninn €& B 1947 roay 15 (28) napra nocrpinxen n pacogop ¢ 1a- pevenmens ven Jlaspa, 1 Ha exeayiouul tem nocranien 2 Go wo nnosmaKoK. B 1948 rozy 6 (19) wapra nocrpinxeH ‘8 Moxamectao; I (14) supaps 1950 roa pysonosoxen 8 cat ‘HepoaHaxoHt, a 80 mpecsitrepa pyxonovioxes 14 (27) mows 1954 roa. Bo enuckona pyxononoxex 31 ions (13 soa) 1967 ron. Ha Apxutepelicxon co6ope 2001 roza 15 (28) ox- ‘AGpx coctonocs MoE nlocTamieHMe H HiTTpoHIEALUS B cal erponosiera. — Buidarouueca deamenu sapyGercnot yeprew weodKo- ‘xpamno nodwéprusau coor sepnocms udeary Cesimoit Py- cu. Tt Boxsunicmea enodeosemexe» pycexsee, ace Co- xpanusuacx npagocnaetio sepy. amon obpas va decamure- ‘mus BozoGopuecrois anacmu cxoeno Bt nodepHyten ObiKor, ‘cmaz docmamowno aGempaxmusiss. mo ace maxoe Canmas Pye» 6 Bae nonunanai? He moan 61 Bui naveame me onxpemnere epmes Coxmoti Pycu, Komopuie, xanaxce 06- ‘weit coameunet 01x noxanenutl axuzpanmoe, u ce20dna co- eounsiom wad sapyGexcnoii yeprau? Bo2voveno zu aeine mo «soceosdanue Ceamoit Pyew», 0 xomopox Mewmas 6 nocied- ue cod aeusnu A. B. Kapmauéa? — "ro ranve 1leax? Io canoe Mmiankoe, caMoe uenoe ‘21a weinoBeKa, 10, past YeTO YesIOBEK HAKHSEH CORT He HO- -xaeer. Tax or, HOxINANDIl xXPHETHAKUK — 30 TOT, A Oro caATOCTS ABAMETCH esLHHCTBEHEIM HHXeAOM, KO T10- ‘crasiix Xpuicra xpaeyrarbubin kawtieM sant cBoett Ayu, ko extenant Saxon Enanresbexitt cnaBubist 2aK0H0M eBoeii ‘xan, kro etaxcaa Gaaronar» Casroro JIyxa. B nporisiost ‘cnysae 970 He xpHCTHAHM. Tax STO HepKOBb paRHLibHce hatwars o6imectoM caaTiix. Jeitersurensio, H Tocnoxs & Enantremmt, w anloctombt B nocsamusx naxsinaior xpieruat content: «Byzate coas, xax 1 Scat». Konesno, ects ‘uesOReK, IKE ‘HB GYNET H He COTpeMIIrD», BEAK YenoBeK "peutett, Ho BuKHO — ‘ro HexOBeK NOSHTAET CRON HxeA- HOM, K HEMY OH CrpeMUITCs. BB nosoxpeutéioii Pycit ect Hapon: OT Kiix38 10 caMoro "npocroro niocessmna (a nocess Eras wa Pye anarb xpe- ccbaie, x ©. xpnicTHante), nOHHTa:t eAsTOCTS cnoeti TmaRHOH enwocrixo. Hexapom can pycism wanna ce6a, cpo10 erpany Casas Pye, TIpocverstren 1 npeoSpasooarent Pym, cnaroH panto- anoctoubuniti xis Brazunmp, eMor npeo6padonars cH08 rocyzaperso, npesparis ero s30%1ecKOrO B XpHITHaNLCKDC, OTOMy "70 CaM MPEKIOHILICA Mepex CRATOCTBIO, CYME H opHe HMeNITTE CRO. COBCTREHHYIO AYU, W HIRI, ‘ctepautt no 206poit nose woasimn Xpucty wapeKyto Gar- PAH», HS TpyGOrO ASHRNIKA CHEATER MCTHHEIM xplt- cTuammHos, coeMAHA «Onaronepie C aaacTuio». 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Mlonnuehevuit wocr:Tonnanacnni yeprocist ‘Bou. equ reweropon momo pacenorpers "arencanapa Cepreesvva hyunna. pape 1832 roga crauta cynpyroit Huxonas Muxaiztoniia Cwmpuiona, a 8 mapre 1835-10 yexasa c Myxkem 31 TpaKWlly (oecm 0 poxonoit ayaa sacra eé w Tla- ioxe). Bor 15 TaKiox «ntesoveliy n Corea ‘Ha wonefizuaa nepeus mynuiaaiexoii ayaa. Heramex Bowtapyx ysepacr, wo ‘nposia gve ThCw't KHUT 0 MyLAKECKDiE omoxe. Tora 4em o6tacnnTs nensiit pa ‘OcagBIX HeTORHOCTeli m KOCTIONAX re- ‘oe ¢biniMa, mperestyioutero Ha HeTO- puseckyto nocTosepHocTs? Ha miee ro- CYAApA MBI BAHN BOeHHBIT opzeH cs. Teopri 2-it creneuu, a Ha ero rpyzit cepeOpaHylo Meas B NANATS BOMHEL 1812 roma, 3naxn orausHa ncKaroun- ‘TesbHO oCTOMIEME, eMOpy Het, Aa ROT ‘rompxo Huxonait Hannosust ue yaocto- ues ux nowysnre, He Oni10 y Hero 3TH. narpaa. A y reepara Jleorua Bacruts- esa f[yGemsra mei sian opie co. Baaaunmpa 3-H creneu ¢ wevamut. 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ROCTIPHHUIMA- eb Kak ETH. 3eNuNM-marepr, KOTOPBIC cemé easani ce8 Tes1om. «ti kant, — meas Crntienso, — csnrramies 2xuBsiNe1 cytiecrsanit, KoTopste saumTepecoRaAt B omysenst mH — xpoBit Ht witca t- kutx omen, TloxtoMy » slantiom caysiae untepect berunielt mioneli connaam, ®eruun no npocsGe moneli noxssinamH AUKHX oueHe!, a TOM BELREMAT mM acts 20GB, Tlositmo aaysnoro asyuenna MB BH AeaH cBOIO saTa4y 8 MOnyAspHsaMMN apes nerporsiibos Kaiixyyasexoro o6psisa — camoro cesepHoro B a3mar- ‘oxoii vacrn Poceum nawsrTHitka Hackalth- Horo wexyccrsa. Cosnanes, 4T0 HeKye- TBO — MocTHK Mexy KysIbTYpAMH 1 THICAYCACTHAMH, MBL PeIIMAH CO3AaTh PesePBHsIe KOHN HACKA:TBHBIX 1300pa- axcunit c MOMOMIbIO COBpeMeHTEIX pec- Taspauuonnstx rexnonorill, KavecrBen- ble KONHM nOSBOsIRIOT He TOMBKO CO- rani npezcrasnenne 06 opurunaiax B caysae HX yrpatsi (a 970, K cOxate- HMO, HePeAKO MIpOHICKOMIT), HO H aWC~ TaHMHOHHO npnoGuLArECH K OOpaaane Ha cxambiioro Hexyccrsa. 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B Mockse » HrambalicKom macriryre xysbrypbt 14 oxtaGpa — 17 nox6ps 2006 roxa co- ccTosmace nbicranka «HlyKoTKa: erpanitibt xpottitin, santevaraéuniie n xaniey, Ko- nint nepeaaiores aunx octoantoro Nc nonmpopartis B Myselini uewrp «Hac- neawe Uyxorkw>, B deapae-Mapre 2007 roxa 8 Mpawopiow sane [lomrrex- Hieckoro My3em Tox narpoxtaxxem mpa- sirremscrsa Mocksni st Yyxorexoro AO nposonutea abicraska «Ha cxaax Uy- XOTKID), Ha KOTOPOH MoxkHO YRNUIETS Apyrue peas OOBITeHHOM 1 caxpasts~ oli sit MopenNoro Hace:nesIA Kpall- sero Cenepo-Bocroxa Poceut — apautry, Gaiixapy, mrexenpst nexycetna pea.6ut no NOCTIL 113 THUHOM KOneKIIH sHIeHA-KOP- pecnonenra PAH aupexropa Hucrury- ‘Ta stHoaormt 1 axtponosorn PAH B: nepia TwuKosa, xoTopsili Hava co6u- pare e eué B roms padoTnl, 1eKaviom neauncrirryra 8 Marastante. Xotercs tia ARATLCK, WTO 3HaKOMCTBO C yaNRutTe! Hut smipom 6pason acKamHOTO He- xycersa Uyxorin culenaet ero axtyam- Hoi Yacrsio MupoBOTO HeTOpHKO-Ky:tb- ‘TypHoro Hace Pomozpaduu E. Tupu, E. Joaxem, E, Pabxoea, E. Muxzawesus. PORMKA 3-2007 45 46 XAHHE BPEMERH| Jeong BbICKOUKOB, JOKTOP HeTOpHecKUX Hayk T0M cxaaBi- ‘unc eMé crapomocnoacxe pau ‘YantmressHo, Ho oxHompencemo Tlérp Gin tpeSosarexett x TpesBony rope: ito Ha cnyate. B 1712 roay on nna «or- insite» 3a santeT80 — syryARyIO MEATS 12.5 dyna (Gonee 5 xr), xoropyio newman wa emit ToMy, xTo He ywex Gmocrit eG a paGote, npaxsatsiascs x apne. B nO centiow, yerape ake. permancerrmuposaoce: 4A 3a mksHicTno 2a Tynan, 1-28 3epH, ‘yrmeno GystermxecToxOe HaKanaHe HoT mony Gyner orerannen. A 3a noposcrao 38 BHEHyIO MpoaaKy Gyayt Orme KHYTOM. HHeMIAINO H COCmAKBI OYAYT B CCHLIKY Ha esioe uTs8). 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(pete © 90-nymemom sopa6ne «lec oer. —JI.B.).[ipuGein ryxa, mst sacra axpormsie cross. Ciasana rionapat it~ Ho; MTs Y sime-azNenpasia HAO GLI0 fiw ortee obec tt oe, ope fr seta ee nplineerft eslosoctghad Sifacgbertan omg, nporssomusmyioex nyt aneTIT- guint, @ 2anax cRyOIAX ace TaRAE yGupasca © nomombto cewan axmca, B 1717 roxy 1a BusGoprexoilcropone Gxxn nnoctpoeH noxosmttt sano. «xo OBpaSLY raaextex», ockameitt rostmaHckHMt Gopyzosarmes, a m Zannuure (Caawvcxe) Gur naw a pyceyo cxyxGy BonOHER sacrep Jamo Bene. «fmaverasy nome codcraeiioro npourssoxcra nocrymasa 8 anerepu, TpaxrTupus, locTosMe ABOPU! Boos unmoprux Bon0x exporo pery- Poses, 70 Hau0 OTpRARCEI 1 NOprO- ou Tapnipe 1724 roa. Boxy Gino mpa- TO MOAHOCITS cayRHETIM SUN AH POXeNWA Hm en aurea (resOmeHIET- pa), nape ie wypasea oro crapsio- ro oBhvas i NPHOBULICNK Hem AeTET- va. 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CoBCTRCHIO KOHBEKON CHITA sores ppasyscxae Harari i paiosa ro- pona Komi Ha anase Opa wom ne pox Ilapasrs mpaneraromieli mect- ocr, B xaGauke sa ymme Great Tower Street » Jeribopze (oxpeetocrnx Jl ‘nowa) dhempane 1698 roma Merpa mexxno Guuo yorizets ie Tansxo 38 yao Ba, io 1 craxaion Kousa, A n Tlopremy’ ‘re 20 wapra Toro > Tosa nO mpews 0620 ssnectioll crane epesv4 pos mio- rostenenx mora cairra Tlenpa I (awe- cre ¢ no Gin 21 esonex) atumina xpi Keaprat NonBaKy (8 Knapre 2 MNT, 70 nnputwepnio pass 1,1 mrp) AJIKAH M KAHAPER Bormeame or cxieGnoro sum, coGcrpeH- ho BMHorpavtiite Buta Guam w ocHORHION capers, xora euté x0 Herpa XVI eke n ACTpaxaHit NOSBILINCD LapCKHE Bi OrpAUHHKH 7H HX MporsaoncTaa, Kax conwewaut C. M, Costosié, «Sunt Gombe ionorbi, #10 8 Acrpaxasit uno Tepexy BeLACABIBAT BHHO Ha LiapeKM OOHXOL. Buammicar Osu HHOCTPAHEL, H Me>K: runt Tlockasaioe Hoops, w yA Bit ovemno pyecKitx sHoxeli. B 1658 roxy exo mpuciiawo is Acrpaxarnt » Mocksy va OGixON RemHKOTO TocyaAps 1206 RE ep; 8 1659 roay m5 Buworpaaa uapexinx ‘canon mpuenano Gsut0 25 GoveK” Tlérp yaeaa anoro senarnin paspene- mao «osnorpaerx catow» Acrpaxaait Azone. B 1722 roxy létp oemorpes ac- ‘TPAXAHCKHe BHHOrpaANN, yryHIEHEE HHocasiKan peiiickinx mt BeHTepeKICE 1103. Vis Benrp Guu mparsauié na caya6y 8 Pocemo suas conepuetcrsonanis satose smi Naiiop Typxya. Tocae Kacnuiicxoro nnoxoaa 1722-1723 roaoe 1 sani Jlare- ‘craria oxatoro noGepeatn Kacrutt po- aponcT#o RIHOrpamHorO Bua HomysIETO ‘npominutesnioe auaenne, Vase x 1726 r0- AC ten, ay ws akacmnis cram noerynars 8 ero bi Xopomme Kpacebe mt Geibie Bia. Kak nokasuinaer avian nenowocreit Apxanrremenoro nopra, » XVII pexe 13-38 Ops pHBOSILHIC® pasKooGpasHe RI «expactioe nepxontiog» (rarop), «powtartem (spacioe dppannyscroe, mpexte ncero, Gyprynacnoe), «perenoe» (pelinnetin; pelitcwoe), enpsnoe> (8 apyrux evo ax canpanioe pentcnoe». — JL. B.)”, «au anny, Ho cautmnaRTey (ammrore), «Gas ‘can, caTepeHMor, «ren. B ‘rasiowenmb0x KHTaX 1 ApyrHNC He ‘TosMINKAX yronmmaIoTes panne rpe- "ecAH mia, KoTOpEiC HasbiBaTHCD «®CT0- operant, mt Benaset «BenoMopis> (Gems wopem, xax v ceitmac 8 Bonrapra, nansmaock Sredicnne mope). Cpesmt rpe- ‘¥eexaEX nimi © ocrpopon reiieKoro Mops CANIM SHAMeMITIN H. CAMENM.APEBENIN nna Pyen 6a wassnanes, koTopas n Kiep- exovi Pye XI-XIIT newoo Gina repanne aawopeKin mimiorpamimiat sitiow. JTy- yo Naaasmo sesame na Kpure". Hs Nenakicxix. BH ynowmmaioTes «Gacrp» (Gactep) m «xenapi», WH «Kvapes, TO core aio ¢ Kasapexane ocrpos. Brita © Tinpentees sionm nassinarscs m Ganee ne- Hs @panuit » Apxauremick nocryna- sw xpactoe Gypryamickoe n ena Kpac- ble eCepTHBIEBIEHa, BTOM HHCAE KATOP, euyy4nMBu HasaKNe OT ropoa Kaop va yoro-sanae Ppan ta pexe Ilo. Bi Horpas sui aropa xpactinx copros (Gac- Tapao H ap.) » HacTosmce BpeMs cOOMpa- Jor mpi cOxepaaMINN ® xTOIAX HE MeHES 20 npouerrros caxapa. Hocne ocasmtenns arop H CTAHOBILNCS CEpKOBEIBO? BION. Buin wanecrnst a Pye w dypanys- cane Mycxarabte sia Tox HagRaHHeM ocymnezrem. A's omicantin mpasTinKa, yerpoermoro » Hrazomicxow casy » Tle- rTepOypre 1720 rony n ects nx poxte- sna Tlerpa, ynowmnaetex nosrax!” — omirmHve Kpactioe cyxoe GopniocKoe mio Wy sunonensecKorD paiiowa Mezoxa. To opronoMy Tapuy 1724 rosa ¢ nero Wall rekasio Opa rloutaMiy a paawepe 5 py6- zeit c oxcopra, To ecrb ¢ 240 6yruUIOK, B TO BpeNOH KaK pyre sta OOKLTANBIRA- ANC NoMLIHHOH OF | 0 4 pyGaei 3a o%- coor. Hepes 1pH aecarmieri nocae ‘ToTO NlOHTaK OcTaBALtCH CHMIBOON POCKD- um, » rasax mura Bacon Tpeawaxos- coro mpenocyzarrenioli. Onncsias mpe- rporpax 10- xaqubaix nocenancxonry 21710» (1752), om pock amar: «lane WT pos, Fycroi Tloxrrax». Tipunaeamaae 19 pani earners 1 nonpoute. B ynovianmixes npesenrax of anrmuitexofi Mocxopcxoit xounant m mavare 1694 roma Tlerpy epesit pox ‘Namtrxos Gout noaapen Ht cHaIp” —caa6o- amxoromsuoe (5-7) aiHO R uLte nerko cOpoxenoro steroro sGroMOTO coKA € Gouin coneprcaen yrieKucs0r0 rasa, Moxxno mpeanonoxirs, wro cHap Guin pamyackoro mpoucxoxenns, TAK Kak "HpowssoacrsoM Macromutero ciuapa Cann smack Hops. Bo.spens nocamcrsa 8 Espony » 1698 realy pant JTesbopr npocur pycckoro 10- ‘a, Beposo, 106u1 yromuer [lerpy, «xy In» apaGos m xpacibie lei, ceKY 206- oro, am saxpena Kpucrio. Bnpovey, ‘10 noporue wa Posnisie sina 1 palionia Heariaax B octon- ost wo Genbix copros sirorpazia «Grec i «Fiano», nbipamiiaesix na aymkauiese- cra nossax cxctonion Besyais Buposem, noxoxne Haaaasis uMemt 1 copra caMiony ‘waMemeon necepmnore ‘una Epponst — nenavicxoit vaiara 13 ialysckoro BuHOrpata. Canin sys IG BHAON Maar cxTaeren «Jlarp) Ma» win larpuna-Mataran, BHO THM Tokas #3 Buworpaza mycKarem. Cy Tony, sro Jlesbopry upasiemict mycicrHite Bua, He HeXTONEHO, #70 3TO NOMA Gtr BEHTEPCKOE M LIAMMAHCKOE Buuio na nerposckom crone H «esirepcxoe ‘suwo> 8 Ges10rO RiHOrpana MyeKaTHIX coptos. Beposrio, cnazioe neurepoKoe ‘TO MMeHHO ToKAlicKDe RuEHO ¢ TopHt ToKal na cevepo-noctoxe Beurpiat. Busun0, ap npeaniowraa ero BceM pyri. it. aM a, 29 Hosp 1709 roa Flérp n0- pysier Tuxony Cxpeumieny noapazir® 8 Beurpun 200 Sonex sua 20 1 crommax. B 1719-ston noeaas Exarepuie esbky 2a Gyroumny BeHTEpEKDTO, Bc Jotul pax 7 GyraLA0K «Bypronckoro», 38 TEM NORE KPACHOTO Bia € OBAMA noxesanweMt «lai Boxe, nant a10pon0 rt». B epove oxepene, tapriua crap Mya «speminmou>, «aentepexiN. Kpet- ah catemno» (roKabicx, Zhu Tlerpa Gisxo xaparepno nocrosi crip no axyeax. Menyapicr Bepxromnst rca, 10 napb «oGunxnovenino Kyusaer. pete ropustve neurepexoe», 8 TOpAC crevte a0 A Ho upenen cya ao ny nopatine, co psany2cn0N GON He pebiseli...w ensure ve xouer». Tarmoseperatit nocan puxpirx Xput cman BeGep 8 1714 roxy non na np Texepar-asmupara @E2opa. Anpaxcia, soropatiTor apa. Boero Bop w Np cyretsmt waps. Torseaam ® eckontiow petreperain. Beep nenioxatia: «llporso- ‘uh 38 oBexoMtmoAay nos 0 KPA Gexa10m nexrepeKoro muna, 5 TONY 13 YK saut-xecapa PostoranoncKor® nos Mylo apy BoaKi H, HOCH TOTO, Kak MEN ‘Accauen np flerpe .fpanopa P. Morse ‘no opnemvany A, Koweneea Pogwna 3-2007 49 50 sacraniunn ocymie e& AByws raOTKADI, ‘ckopo miutines HYBCTS, xoTs Yemen yTe~ iT» ceGx HaGimorennew. “ro ocranbHsie rocti ye nasi MORAIIKY ps Ha TOTy Home B COcTORHNM GkuIK OueHHETE MOH ‘exponiiie cnocoSHoct# x mstcray>. Io ero we 3ameraHINO, cota mpuéMax ana sua “TH ne nomaIOT HuKAKOTO Bina, KPOME BH reperoro..." B nocaequne roast xnsiot Térp cra ‘Hena0xo pas6uparies 8 RNHOTPAAHLIX BI wax, Bo spent susura so Dpantuno 8 1717 roay, roraa uaps wpexan 8 Jlys MecTo mpestionaracstoro OGena OH Toa ro oTBeaN MIeCTS COpTOR Rita, Mpanza, Sammut BUONO sayRx CraKawaNor maa. 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PAXMETOB BO3BPALUAETCA Em moGonsmmiee netopia, passirpan- uaiea & Heapax kpyKKa soit 1866 r0- 1a. ¥ TTeonnaa O6onencxoro, KoTopEsit ‘ayant Tora n Kosensexe, nporraaae- aso ponauras peGEmxa xewa, On GyK- ‘BANBHO He HaXOTHIA cee MecTa, KOTIA THosysiUI OF Apyra CBEZIEHHA 0 BOSNOK- i NpHEUKe H, TABHOe, © BHHOBHAKE e@ orcyrersus Jbaurpim FOpacose. B Mocxay nozetem riemiiie nicbaia. “tiwxona Bacunoains Coronos (1835-1880) — ‘sumone Aranean Tevarata, 1869 ray ee fe orcrancy sane noahonroawes.ASTOp Mt ‘bt cOrunoneu (1868), ravopen npenerane codon vevopmecive oxepnr 0 mneDETn. Bate onus sa cnponorynoe abuecTocntoeyoroO ‘foo, Bun apacrentt conor caanow Fapao3083, Saunenon 9 lerporanoscryo roenocTe: 8 ares ‘cram » Apranrenacryo ryoepnnc: 1872 roRy Sexan 2a rpanmuy. pax “Orueneues> sa ne ‘ona vexnenenen Gan yon, © 1672 Foy lope suns eropoe vazanne warn. Cy [arn eocrenveceuat cospouian, 2 ve ‘youn uence papieanenon mnTehnurented Pogwna 3-2007 61 62 «Tocnodux IOpacos! 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Credoeamersno, Bawa Gnaean Moicm Konwumen moneKo mex, ‘umo oicena won Gydem unemb demeit u Ges mens, a 3 Gydy wnems demeti u bes eé, Ho @zamen xopowellsenqun Oax- cen 6y0y no neoBxoduwocemu eoimu [6] ‘omuowenwsc I-it nonastueiica cmepeoi. Obrscrue Baw amo, 8 do1cen Bam cxa- gam 6 saxmowenue, «mo Bes wt ieeKo- woicnennetii Manunuca, wu wapramat, ‘ecu Bes cOenaeme maxyro wmyry. Ca~ Motil uae wapaaman, nomaXy «mo, Panis 3-2007 1. Bepeuara. Puno» Hvven Hosropone. B68 npedcmasiaace saGomauusica 0 non0~ ween yeroaevecmea, Bri 2py6o u Ges ecanoco cwbicna, npasa u octosanun xo- ‘ume pasGum u pacempoumt acusKs modeii, ne menee Bac mocyugic u ena- ou Oiimts nonesibtr TIpowy Bac eceu, umo dan Bac do- (7020, omacuailme Mie KAK MODNCHO CKO- (pee, ecu mooreno, no mexezpaiby, # 3a- ‘naauy Bam 2a pacxod, «mo deraemca oeil acenoit u ¢ Mockee 2u ona. Eexu vuepes 5 dneit ne nonyyy om Bac omse- ‘ma, a can npuedy & Mockay: Omeevaiime ace exopei. He saGtweait- ‘me, umo Bes usymume ¢ uvacmea, xomo- poe nespinocuno maowe10>”. B aTom nocararenscrne Ha cemelinoe cuacrbe TosapuA MPOABHLIACE OHA WS aparcrepHeliiuitx vepr pastosnnnoy it reluiireliim —portiioulee mpoTMBope- ‘ane MexIIY sHOGOBEI0 K aOcTpaKTHOMY ‘aenopesecray i HeBHIMAKIeM K ero DHKPeTHEIN Mpecrasuetestza. TIpasiM Obonenicxnit ssmryacnen Gat emté H on PARIMIBATECR 3 TO, WTO :HOOUT 2eHY 1 peOéuxa. Jloxazarensersa, KeTaTH, TOXC THIN LIK «MBICaAMLeTO PeaTACTAD. Oato 113 micent coxepacrr ‘Tar no ¢bisHonorHH, xOTOpEA Ho mpubecri 8 coxpaiexi. «Ben Oot 2 oeena, wmo6es aeNa wow ne ocmasatace @ Mocree, padu ‘mowxo ynompetinenus, odie c10saM, ecm Git 2402141 Moko Ynompetinentr, ne moe Boi 2 passe u Bes scenet npuuc kame seco Gaby wu dance xopowens- yo deayurny di cuoezo ynompetinenus Moe Gei, nomauy wmo 9mo mne ye npedaazasu, ux omxarzaca. Omxasaca, yave 3 mecaya ne ynompetiias. Imo no Baweny sueniuo, cmpacms x ynom- peGrenwo, cmomyan assume npuxyuna? ‘Hempyduo 6s, Kaarcemcs, Goo now ‘umo mym wem nuxaxoit cmpacmu x yno- mpetirenuo, u nowame-mo umenno uz ‘mozo, mo # ne dosonscmeosaica aoo6- tye oxenujunoii, m. e. ynompetinenuen, nomauy umo ne oda sieena, a Kaxedas reenigua suoowcem yoostemaopume amy ‘empacm; a noveuwy-mo ocoGenro xomen ‘audems onano cota oweny? Ina 620 o¥e 48 xomea eudems? Ecme syscmea 6 4e- nosexe, Komopole uayxa ewe He yeneta ‘ODsicume qusuontoewvecku, Ha 9m10M ‘ocwoaana udeamicmte, m. e100, CyOR- ryue 0 okusiu He no aeusuennei dpaK- ‘man, @ no npedesamany npwonyuny tit dee, ompuyaiom: maxue “ecmsa, no- ‘maxty ‘no wx npunyun He npedeuder, He npedycmompes amex seusnennee doax- ‘moe... Jaa Hux He 2c» Oopozd, a ye- ocms, newapyuunocm’ wx meopt. Huxonaii Taspusoeus Yepussuescruit uawa1.wopumes ce0a canodan, Koeda mio penupunu ne doreavam ey 6udem® ae ‘ny u deme. Yo amo 2a "yscm60, NOG duswee e20 nozabixme nompebuocms ewan? Hau mooce empacm « ynom- peGnenuo? He xow smum npunepoxt ‘epacnueame ceoa ¢ Huxaraen Tagpuno- ‘awven, nomamy “mo He mor smozo epasnienus.u ne cuer derams €20, Ho Oy ano, smo Bone ycanumec Ganee 6 c)- ‘wecmsosanuu euyé KaKozo-mo ‘arscmea ecxowxo nomaue W nocutbHee cmpa- emu x ynompefienwo. Imo wacmeo etwas naseame dazice moGoasi0, nomaMy samo oGume sooxcno usa 1000 sépem, a nompebnocmsio eudems mozo, 5020 Wet smobu, nanplunep] cooV0 s¥eny, c80€20 pebéuxa um. 0, u 9ma nepaxynnas ‘empacms Gsiaaem max cuxoua y ode! ‘amo ona como usa Hee ynupam 20- _noduots ewepmto, usmusr0dW He nodae- yp, gm. 00« & coemoRMIAL, KODA 1H io, sa6bim c6o%0 empacmy w udmu Ha samopey, na sewsyro paxiyKy. Ecru Oot 6 ‘mo opens Kax Boi nucanw, Boi ne suru amennenns cmpacinisa x npuayuny, Bes ot u mo goenu coobpasume, u mo woz enawnums, umo Kaxot-nuGyO» mecay ‘maxoy nasad a comos Geun wdmu, coxcem Game nascecda, om acento u peOEuKa, nomany ano 3m0 Gino HYKHO, # CaM Gave yeooapuear u npocur Bac 06 mau, %, mom cael, Komopett epes _Mecsty wm c ya ne cow Om AMBie, ‘umo a ux ne yourcy Boxswe... Kocda yp1no, moeda u cuepms uunoné, Koda ne nyoeno, moeda u yan Gynasxot ce cenepmu. Ho amo eiyé ysemounu, Faas- as. cymes samennerns saxTIONGeMC 6 a6erta mozo, ano wosecmHo KacoOMY 15-aemaeny maseury: Hotento mo, smo, ccancas depeeo, nado cMompem, Ha Ka- ry10 nowy eco carcacwut. Bet 06st ‘mo, saGeunu, wo weeme dexo ¢ 20- snemnes cercuot. Bot 2osopume, ec ‘ona (me, cena won) xopowas cent Wa, a9 cxancy Bast: ona npexpacias roemyuana, eenuua, Kaxue ewe peor, _V romopoit cawonaswcepmaceanu ne Me- nee, vex y Bac cast, mo ona Ooxasai, ecru Bei nocmapaemece, npunosnume. Hy, max Bes w saGec1, «mo uneeme de10 xoma u ¢ npexpacnott acenujuHoil, HO C Dpeerayuaoit 20-mu sem, xatemome Bos mo, npexpacnesii Bos Yexo6ek, no ¥epec- ‘op yar@euniiea npunytunaw. 3a:umo 2€e Bex xomume noeyGume e&? Box ‘wma exaexo-nuGy0» dusuonoewo? Buda Bua naxoney modei? Ecwe wumanu u ou- anu, mo suaeme, «no 1008, ocObENKO 0 useecmnoeo ospacma, HeoGxoouNet rnasoeeie content, 6 npomustan c= ‘uae ou dexaromen onanucmant 1 uOU0- ‘mavu um scredcmeue Hecanonpows- ‘eorex nanonues saGaresarom comin 3 Bonesneit, ocoBerno aeenuurts. Cas Paxnemos oe 1 exasam> Ha 610 2ecusN: Ne Mpuraemoce K HENLE, a ‘Paxtemos.aaz.cnamt na 200x0%x; a Bot? ‘Boi na ecvo reuse ommwarxauce om nan0~ ue cuouenuit? Pas 6 wecfy), pas 6 2 aec[aya], Ho Bot wx wneeme. Cnpauai- ‘saro ce Bao, ecu Bou sepume a nepets _wamepuio: yko20 Kpenviewepaet —y Mo- eit acenet us y Bac ¢ Paxwemossin? Kio Gaxee cnocoben soinecnna nepsrx nompacenuit: oa wn Box? mu sonpocet daxxe cuewnes, Kax sonpoc, mo Gos ‘we: eon weru aszyuuxa? Hmax, mo swe Bes xomume ceram ¢ Moet sxenoil? Fon ona cumnee Bac ¢ Paxnemossi, ona edenaemen uduomnoia, onanucmott suru yupem fom] Karort-tu6y0» omspa- mumeronott Goxesnu. Een He cutie, ‘mo 4epes 200 mepners, eannenwa U you suit nad cobote, emosiytex dopoco Max0- Gay opeamueany. ona sanenum O6aren- ex020 Heanogsin wx Temposoin, y xo- ‘mopec nanogete opearit Yempoenn Ne tare, He y mens, u He weHee cnocoBHet mponaodumn demeit Hu Bra Ovwaeme, ‘amo cosoxymrente pas 6 200 ence n10- omsopno, ven pas 6 nedeno? Ho ecu Bur muaeme dusuaroewe, mo dort ‘anam®, smo daa onzodomeopentr doc- ‘mamorwo max naseeaeuceo aura semi- nalis, m. €. ceusnmozo eemepwa, cenai- usce ucnapenuiz. Credosameneno, no 3a- ona roetacu u npupodes y nei w ¢ Mock 2e nenpewenno 6ydvm demu. A 3e na- ermaoko wecmen, wo Oa mens e& demu © dpyeun Gyoym mak 3«e opozu, KaK W MoU cobemeennsie, nomany mo a e& smotino Gortuue canceo cet. Hak, ne Geapaccyéna mu nepa, nomopyyo Boi npt- yan, ne neove mi sore, neue C Hel tert _poeporcsamen om wacmoix cower u ‘omdaeam demeti 6 Bocnumameroueti, ‘uu ynompebumo Meduagurckue cpedcm- ‘ea: enpunyeeanue, GoBposyio cmpyay w 1m. 0. Bu: 2oeopume, wmo woeli ncene 6) dem moun cmpaundex moparrec peut omdams demeit « Bocnumamert- ‘wes dan. Bes, 1Opacos, zosopume Ka patina’ wdeauem wi Tne pee ox. Boi saGvieaeme, m0 notosbie cO06- emus, Kpawe nacaayedenic, unerom no- ‘mpebuocm, neodxodwMocm, Ka nut, (Muses “Bono. havea (aus"1998), nos w mc ‘Tipnpsemenve,Hosano cu outa. 2.2007 Bape, 0,108.01. 725 2 34 Siena, Riese. 36 pcre econo Wetone. cies {epueA HeCp. on 30 Tbe 1 nc t0sh€ 3 Menus 8 enya 1, boars, Booman ines lsoe AA. Kapatoaon ‘ooyugone anpen S866 fetes 2 Tier notre. A BeMTincepen aa emenonoee My Me 3962 C20. iyo Sana Rises, 13, 0P0,0.65.00.1.A. 578. erfwine 8-08.09. 229 8.36, 25, owapos WA. Ops. M1980, can. Sc tAPo,0.272,00.1.0.17 1. pr: Panna) Uecrmmesrat Hanan Ho 1. IAPO. 0 10,1 te, 165 Aids sears. 45. nance poucc 80 Ne Menge C208 36. no, 61081 0c, 186, Baas 2.1.1806 i ‘manexo epoxu 2ox00a pasnase. 3-34 ve- 20 Go deena nodeepeara cetn fempauurin xonenues podoe, ecru Goi ‘coeoxynrenue He Goii0 nompetnocmero, Jmwumaoreaouyeti GaoKe wcmunnm co- “pane seus, A Bot cosopume, ney- aeem empacm mak curmua ¢ Bawert ‘ene, 4eM uexynum noparonote cmpa- am... um. d. Ha Kaxax owe mym ‘empacme? Bemompumece 6 oxcusH, 6 ‘axes une eoodipasreatime, vo no yau- yan.xo0Km we 100, a Bawa wearer, Ges noxoastx opeanoe. Hy parse 2mo ‘empacms? Passe nompebuocms cnamt ‘ume ecms empacms? Bes cxaceme, sumo Ges smaco acum nea, a Ges Nan0- ence omnowernti acusym. Kino smo? B 20 em? Kenunwws? Yeaseume xome ‘ody. Haxoney, cosopa 0 woparonrx empadanu woe acer, Bor sabe. ‘uno y mews podunca peGeHoK u wmno & _woey empadame ne nenee e6 nopareno, ‘ecru Bot omouneme eco y sens... Bac oc- semua Bawa neumepusas 10606 K “oda, Bawe acenanue ust cuacmes, 0e- ‘amexenocmu Ges nawexu, aeeranue yene~ ‘xa obey deny u aeaveda meépOete de- samexeti. H 6 ocxentenuu smoit 3060810 ‘Bex caaro nompeduocm, céoit udear,xa- wit myacen daa de1a, nepenectu 6 rst. 2" ‘Tosno cneays saaantoit momen, xapanosonn «npourpami> Beck POwaHt Yepupimescxoro w xNSHH, OF «Het ATBHBIX KOMHED) 1 APTESIBKIX MaC- Tepexsix K MeTIoMHHAN. PenosrOUNH — Paxwerombin; OT C08 K 1:1. ‘Yaurrest ckasaz: KoTaa «ste0> MpH- Gavurrex x pasnsaxe, PaxMeTos sep- urea 2 Pocemo. On neprryzes. 4 anpe- ax 1866 rona nporpeme Bictpe Ka- ‘paxo30B, 0 KoTOpOM ToBOpHLAHI — «oH, eposTHo, cyMacmieznmi, xoresmtt iMpunst» pons PaxMeTosa 13 poMarta «ro nenars?>™... 2 epi Cewaa oveeo mt epnestncnh~sernee Dom pant 396.0 6-1 Bln neon epoca Srephar Nepnasecon ei Eas Ss Repos. ape aun Tanrhciobe 2. 27 Qeonecnnt AE, Doeprypeue ‘scronntumwsapaepaewer 7 iecpevecor ecto 150. 2Erdbe. 0.272. 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Cpedu mamepuatos pouda Faaeu020 ynpasnenua Fenepé wmaba (VPI) PEBHA npu coveitcmanu moezo Opyzd, ucciedosamers ucmopuu pycexon soennoit parmedku Bacwiux Kawupuna yoaroce ofnapyacume devo, nowmu noanocmsto nocesiueunoe paccredosanuw dexmerbuocmu pyeexo20 ‘eoennozo azenma eo Dpanyuu (1912-1918) Fenepanenoco wmaba 2e- nepas-maitopa cpuda Arencen Asenceesuua Henamvesa — Gy0vie- 20 aemopa winpoxo weecmuoit Kuuzu eocnomunanuit «TTamsoecam em 6 empowo». Voice nocie 1moz0 yoatocs seiAeunTE HeneiTUite Ma- ‘mepuaci, npanueaouue coem na npedamervenyi no cymu den- ‘mexonocme Henambesa 6 yenoeuxx soins. PORMHA 3-2007 Bo 470 onn oOomaneb he! hag Anexcei Urvarses, ura6e-Tpag Manen Wrvaraee, xopner owaerpHananeprankrors"neibrepait apa pw Crpenesyow noaky. Kocrowposannei Gan » 3unnen anopue, espane 1903 r. KAK PACTPATHMTb 80 MMJUIMOHOB. Hi parsme npuxomioioce cranxumarsea © BecbMa HeTecTHEINE OTsBIBaMH O ex reaswocr spas Hrwarsesa, rani odpasom 8 aqurpanrrexux myGmeausax, Oxo m nowsruo. 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Orcyrcrane mpawnix 0Kaaa- cabeTs xunicHit nossOsIU0 HeeTeORR- 8M TepOUSUPOBATE M POMAHTHOHPOBATE xax camoro Aexces Anexceenua (Hr arbena I-ro), Tak u raaay pyccKol xoirp= pasnemia 90 pant (¢ Hox6px 1915 ro- aa) — ero mutanuero para, Fentepassiio- ro urra6a nomtkopuuka Masia Anexceeumia Hiruarsena (Virwersesa 2-r0), ssiaasas 0% sa mogell seers, enepansuoro wra6a noncoesk rp36 ‘Ac A Maven PAK NIPH3HAHMA NOANONKOBHMKA TAHYYAMI3EBA Bpares Hrwatkenst mpwnaiexas K cra pinwomy apicroxparisiecKomy pos, 1 ‘eaHMe Npeacrasirrent, KoTOpOTO 2HOGHLI {xT necéMa uNEpoKo, OGuapyxeininie Moo10 HoKyMerns HossonMOT nO MewBuLeit epe YCOMHIETACR B TOM, ‘TO B eRTENBITO- cori Oparses Hirsariensix no8 61120 cto pasy.xcO, ax mpeacTamIAIOCh J0 CH HOD. Le mpetenayio mit ua ceneausno, sit Ha oxoiarensunait upuroaop Hiruaruenbin, & sinus misratoce pasoBparsca 2 Tos, #0 ‘Tmopsitoce 1915-1917 roaax a pyceroti socks nnccui Bo panini Hirax, 16 oxtsGps 1917 roa, ncero 2a esate quell 20 Gonbiiesuerexoro nepeao- pora s Tlerporpaste, cocrosnuiit x pacitopa- xen avambtoika Teneparstoro urraGs Tlapwse 33-neruuit nomnomnoseax Anex- ‘elf Huonaesin Tauyymures wanttcas pa- opr Ha ma esoero mesa, 8 KoTOpOM BEI uawrast ‘oexEIe OBRUNEKR poTH Hr- arbesa 1-ro, Hanutcars, no cym, aou0c Ha (choero Havamsiisa, 70 B pyccKOH apse Beera euMTaIOce mperocysuTemMLiLIN, agposoro obmicpa sinyaiun xpaiinne oGcrosnenmsersa 1 rparesamae c Havent gute snoyniorpeGnenns, Tloanosxosiix mpowexosi a3 sasecr- Horo asopaucxoro poza ITewenckol ryep- nH, mo Beponcrtosenantio Gs npaBoctaB- a. Kax n Vnarses, Tlansyaeen oxoK- ‘swt Haaeckuit Ero Bemetecrea xopnye (1903 ron). Mexaty naxkayn acer cyutect- OBA caMas TECHS, APY:KeCKAN cra st BAQMMOBBIY'KA, HTD, Ha MOH BST, A rea ent ons ZORQOM B TlOmssy cepBES- oct oGsiienui, Tose Tarrynngses ‘ayaa aeiiG-reapaum Yaarcxow Erp Be- -nawectsa nom, 8 cocrane KoToporo yuscT- osa » Tleproii smsposoit noline ¢ wavara Goentrx aeicramii Gout narpanxés reopri- ‘esctam opyauien (1915 roa). Ocento 1915- 1, noayysies pantenne a BocTosHON (pox ‘e, Guan nanpansen ap patio, re erat Pagina 3-2007 65 66 HoMoupinnow noesoro arexTa, ac 17 (30) swapa 1917 roa sana xoxaocT® _ura6-ogumepa pa nopysest pa pycemmnt ‘oeuton ares. Moc pesomoruaTlasy- _migaes oeranes wo panto, rast esses rnc, yep 9 apra 1964 rota 8 Bocca! Tipmnexarexsso, 10 repos Tlepaof xs ponofi noi Tlansyamasesa Hrwareen oxa- DakTepHMonAs AMIN KAK «CHHOTO aZBIO- aura (renepana or asaepia JLT Kou cxoro—. I), cummxa cooero (ro ecrb IKi- stcxoro 4.) eraporo noaxosor0 Tosa- pina Tlassysmineeay. O Tox, 70 Tatey goes 8 Teaesme HeexonBIaTY ner Guar no ‘Monwinwow Firaarsena, noc 9 cH eceMia oOmINpHX MeMyapax re OGNOr sini Hi xOBON, 06 OBsHMEMAX B CEO axpee nancan: «— Xa6apa! Xa6apa! — RoneTasm 0 MERA H3 KOPAOA HesHaKo ote ae enna, A yan rooc Taya ena, Guininero agrxoraitra MKAHCKOTO, Guster naxxe m reapaeicxoro odie pa. — Cmpanies, naxonet, ai ¢ TOO, Hirmarsen, He cranem Gomme coma HOC se exami cur na waka Nex!" Ta He- ‘TopHS, a Moi BOT, MBIIAAAIET ZOBOIIHO ‘erpamnonox06no wt wexcrmno, Cas rsars- 8, ecTecraento, aaecka orpuntast COBCT- netniyio pitty: «..— Tpo nac ronopsr, To nit ye ovoxtann wa sputter w ci api pocestsaeesT wHELIIOHOD. cpa os! —Tloseay He cro? — mysy 8 cKBoss cau, Brepabie 8 xan 8 avan oGerars =noaciin. 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Becta nepoo,pycenoy Boe Nowy area tpe6onaca ra pas Tai sonek —Gesponoril ienontex, 370 Pe saan mux nonpacoa wm exy- ‘ne mponara wor eras Kpalinn. CNOCOBbI OBOrAWIEHMA Kaka xe oGpasow Hiersen tpabarunan oxsra? Ipioepneposi. o couneren + Gomioro parconcrarens, ea aT epic ronnceit noosa. 1: Ko- ronraen, sana3 fa nocTaBKy ZIcTaNLNOR- rx TpYGOK 2 aprnep no 6 paroR sa umyiy Hansen Goin orm, cai Konorrace cmpaner apn asa spenn ero oreyrormi rpagot exexai 2aK29 a "py610 no 12 sppatno 2a yy Tipuwep mropai. Becroi 1916 a9 pye- cc noetnnunareTow G10 nonyen0 pw nogpexmsecrae Pyeeroro Toprone- ponnanennoro avi, ne nassaoeane- OC eI0 loxposiesbeTboN,NPesrOREAE rua payee npesmpuri 0 noeran- xe ByX MUMIONOB TxENLX enepston. 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Ferm 1 canaerensersa 0 corpysutiieerae Pyec10- Aswarexoro x para pyri Gasxon c HeNt- axa, Jlywao, nexenanpanemai noHeK _RoxyMciTon » apxrsax Pycexo-ASHaTCKOTO Ganka n san008 Ilneiiaep nospomr pan0- Gparsea » stow TésanoM 1 rpxanox Ae2, "MpOWeNQAUMIEN axKypar Te JEN, KOI pycomne comaarss necsxanan TeIee% rH ' nacrynutenmn y osepa Hapoxs. Tonsos- nx oeso-cyne6uoro aezomcraa 10. 1. Tinconcxwl, marasnunlis pacenenonars 1e- sremaoers Mrvarsesa, mica: «Mory "NpeANOTORHTS, TO B TO BEN, NOTA pye- cra coma x odaep yaenpasmn 8 Poccint na ippotre, mBHeNores OT HesIOCTETKA cHa~ panos i apyroro Goesoro starcpnama, mT inke GHLMH MON, saHmNaBIINe OrReTeT- cant zyMaBIINE O¥eH NATO O TOM, TO Ha pyccxost powre yamparcr pycexwe most ‘110 HX AO6pocosectnas. paGoTa. MOmeT yeni nomnvecrno armx enepreiin Tho arenrypnen, xonecessn: pasty cxovi pannenkn, sanepGonanmeli cayKAHKY Virwersena, «rpah Anexceli Urvarses BemecTaMe cBOHX pacxo7os Ke TpyxaHOny oNHO mpexpactioe RpeNt KARATE B OH SmTpYAWATENHOM MaTepHRAHOM NoH}OKe- um, 8 €8 (cnyacann, — A. F.) mpncyrer- BU HeOaHOKpaTHO cocTaRAMHCD dacbu- ‘we AOKy HTH HA Pye Cy) Bat- SH COMHEHUIT H dMHAHCOBAS MOpSTON- Hoes navaxrBMHEA pyCCROi KOXTpasHCMEA 90 panna Hirnarsena 2-ro, Taoxe Hen mero » Tapioxe snofonromy i nonysnaae- To sa omy w Ty mE HpopNAMIO eNDTIC H or Tewepansxoro nrra6a, m or Crank, oT (portonurx nrra6oa [pi nposepe ero 2 STENBHOCTA HEMHSIN 34 EDHON € MAR TO Poguia 3-2007 anryer 1917 rosa 61a mpormanst sum 11,7 npouetra xonecenai (38s 324 Tene- pane). Kpone Toro, ops pace OHA anrycre 1917 roxa 154 renerpasnast Tlamsa Virmarsesa 6st nprotans nevepusnn, 87 Gecnoneassn, 228 pax necepsEa. ‘t,Lipu tos pacxossr Hirmarsena 2-10 » 1916 roxy cocraswsm nopsska weTspEX umoH0R dees. Toxo scero nposero lane ga6px- ona nena no OGaHHEHO 8 mR cox neyrognam ero crapmewy 6pary, Ta- sant cnocoGon Gun yerpaves Tenepanie oro uaa namosimx B. B. Kpunenxn, nopynxrpap B.H. Kanemcr, maneacxait coneruiae ILC. Bucees (a zoryuene a- mix nepesGopauna. —A. x, naxone, can. amiop panopra Tlansyaiuen, 370 sacTanino noesesnero sosTu042 neo, Hs coorasa pycenol woeunolt cen Herse- unt GBIN Tae yaNeKN MOORE Kanonraes 4 Jincopceui, Bunmenepesne- neue OfDMLEPSC H SHKOBAHRH TAK Yom tua narra’ Goporbes ¢ Hrersensa Karentercocrasiix pmopr 06 x tentexst0- cori Ha unix peaeranirrent” Bpewerioro mpasirrensersa Tenepannoro uaa rene- pursreitenairra M. 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Sanweuns, ‘onnauna pycexas wccus, paGoramt © wacr- Hb aun, ee Menu K PoceInE Ht saxo oTHOMLE:, 8 wacTHOCTH, COOPYAa- st ans pannysox saGopst". Kax noxazan noampanopuux A. J. Kacssnos, sanuan- niiex pasrpyswoi aaroson: «ITpecemarem Mucomm auinaér amano yroctosepe- ne, Geps ncargyio Hacryio paGory nom. ome- xy, maatunaer e€ xaéxHoll TaxoTl nOpsi0K CHUTSHO ROMHYET Hay KoMaHy, oTGuBAET omKyio OxOTY K paGoTe M NOAPRIAET HAM cpuaieteckne H mopamtbiie exLay", TloaoGiuite nioxasasio aasauna 1 apyre sna, yuacraosaauune x norpyse, B everex Ha AOBONBCTENC HIOKKINX sHRHOR YKAaKrBa- Mes NpOAYECBI THFTAHH, KOTOPHIX OH He noaysar, SarariEaics, BoSMOxHO pea aMepeHHo, HOTPYSKH apoxoAO8, BMECTO 5-6 a0 10-17 sei, ro weno x orpowmne Dpacxozas 52 npocroit xopaGnet (19 30 nex ort parxoa 2a norpyaxy). Hopysux J. 0. Moposoa noxasaa, s70 «y Metis Hepomtio ‘IOAIUIOGD KpeMIDE YOEACTIENHE 0 TOM, #10 pacxomsi Muceweit Pyecxan sewer nemyres ‘ConepuieHHo NpONSBOMTBO... BOBS YeMa- ppunaio, so nocTaasersmun no rane Pye- cro Mutecint man bpeete pyeexite m= Tepecst 4yxcsn. Tpeacentareas cence {Hof KoMHCLH TO cuyaulMH 8 opTy Bpects JTcoscrai 3 coor neonyéanxosarusnx c- [Myapax meat, To mpeMix yank, soKaSa- ox mpivaciocts Hrwarvestix x npo- ssoureauieay s Bpecre, ne weeres. Oxxo sia mporsexeinm Beex C01 moctONTaN (ou yrastanacr na To, ro wean Mirmatbesst ommerersemmt 2a 270: «pap irwareen BIMIOT 10 acToseTO BpeMeN He MoaeT asncaryunno commas o Tenepaue 3ankewit- Se, BOSGyRHBIIEN Je0 0 GecnOpamKaX Bpecren. Tlo caunereascrsy JIncoscsoro, Urmarien 1-it ysnucteno npenmreraonan paGore KONMCCIH M nae MpHEMAN Na Ha ‘Gmorevx 3 Het exoero comuarak—npa- nnopuxa Tpaosa. 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Kpussesxo («ora 3141ea To OTHONIEHIO KO Mlle — neposTiO, vs sasuera — Goabuae sparoaoy”), xa Oyaro octaasubix H we eymectaosa0. To ym,» Tlapwoxe x 1916-1917 ras cao smacb opraninosaitias rpyna, oG.esums8- uaa Gparses Mruersessix, Paaroaaua HoKpOBsTesTECTBOEABIETO ix PyCCHOTOTO- nepentoro » aenex 8 Tapinke (sali-ox- ‘T#0ps 1917 roa) Goraroro rpexa M. M. Ce- nactonyno. He ncxmoieio, aro ® senax Virwetsena Osu1 sanewman 1 pycexati Mop- cosoitareet 30 Dpaetunm xamuerax 1-r0 pat= ra B. H. Jwirpites, no nesxou enyuae 05 oro nucan Jlaconexai®. C raxoit opran- sauueli w uyxoil erpane, me nce anscueeT- parubusse poriart, Gaarogaps muoroser- HUM cams ¢ paxiyscxof! aro, Gut y rnarsesa I-ro, ofumepan pyccroit noe ofl muuccum, coxpanusinuoa BepHiocT pH cre, Goporsca Gui10 nO¥THE HeBOSNORHO. Ecrh Goxee expamoe oGaunewite Toumevonn Oe sp. 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Ho Toi xe mpi 1 CocToamac It ceusToperas eRIA BGpe- crexounopry. Tee conm ace stixsmyrie nporan irarsenurxn 1917 roxy oSamnesnin 0x su (sro axanoneposmio), po pan wx e- sremiocrs, Jaamag n0a0A CTOs TpOM- uN CAYRAN ® MOSITHGECKEX KPYTAX 1 O6- ecrse mayx crpau, a noaaiee BOBBING me cretamb0e paceneoRaHit, Hax0- summeeca a xoxTpore y Hssanmitnxa Te- nepasioro nrraGa, Haseena cans cepe- Sanat ymep6 mpecringy Poceni pye- xo apa. Ostiaxo noxorxe, #0 ox cot oBsinens ori He GsLtH, Oc- ‘asiumeca epexetna rpad Hrsmarses 8 1925 roy nepeaa CCCP. ina 10-1910 BZ Fee a6, see, Se 78.3 46.180, 0, 6881 On 2. sk 7 3 Pra 6 1896,0n. 0149.9. 178 BE Inova sae On 2 8. ier as sos a2 33 IRO. sas Of 88. HE rah 696600. 8 1,290.0 3 Tone on 36 oa 28 Nasa Biles Ahan oe C230, 3 538. h mb On. 8 = omen 1917-2822 Bonpoce 38. PaMA. 6200. On 26 8 401 Sep 20010013. 4.0.98 On uf 488 ‘07 PR IRPO.0, REO 2 (458.0.8, 2 ocnceu rea Age ler aby een (Pieoanserpeu 20 Spun /Apes 1% Coe yt peanouo 17 opm 2926 is Ta iowpentK Aromypaspamenin: Bate 1304.00.20 15.2.1z6, Pcuanateyotanpsinagewaupest 621K P09, BBO 2.0, 8898-8 PoRHA 3-2007 69 70 HCTOWHHK! Bacuanit XPHCTOMOPOB, JloKTOp 1OpmINeEKHX HayE: Crpaniakn 13 TiopeMHoro HeBHHKka Ceprea Meabrynopa™ Kure Ceopres Herponitia Menryxiosa losuruka wanectHoro yaéHoro-HeTopitKa, 10 cyIecTBY, caMa (HAWIA CPABKA | Cepzeti Mempoau MenbzyHo8 podunca 25 dexa6pr 1879 2000 | (7 sneapn 1880 2oda) a Mockee. B sucne ez0 useecmwox nped- | Kos momo Hazeams eonozodckoz0 u Apocnaacxoz0 zy6epyamo- | pa, meyeHama u npoceemumens Anekces Memposusa MenseyHo~ | ‘ea (1722-1788), odh020 v3 sudr61x o6uecmaenysrx Geamenet | cepeduner XIX ena Hukonar Anekcaxéposusa Menszyyoea | (1804-1857), compydeuvaawe2o cA. M. epyeHow. Omeu Meni | eyosa— Mémp Nemposuy (1847-1893) 6511 usaecmabiat ucmo~ ukow u nedazozom, saxonun ucriopuno-unonozuseckul a- ‘gynemem Mocxosckozo yausencumema, dpyxun c Bacunuen Ocu- rnoauven Knioveackus u Opyeumu useecmdsinu ucmopuKaMt. Tocne oxo#vahua 2umnasuu 8 1899 20dy Menseyio8 nod enu- _sxuels omya nocmynun Ha uoMiopuKo-dpunonozuvecxul aKyne- ‘mem Mockosckoeo yrusepcumema u oxoHun e20 8 1904 200y. yay cryenmon, ¢ 1900 zoda cman compyHuxon mocKoBcKOd ‘ruBepansiol 2aseme! «Pyccrue sedonoctiur. 8 1905-1906 2odax an omBwiean aousckye nosunsocms & | 3.i epenadercroi 6puzade, packeapmuposanHod ¢ Pocmose Apocnascron, Ho oguuepcKaa xapvepa ezo He npusneKand. Cepeeii axmusno exnownca 8 nonumuvecxye u nybnuyuemu- ‘reckyo pa6omy u onasanca camoll zyuye Gypnesx coOtmudl nnepaod pyccxou peeonouuu. 8B 1906 zody Menszyvos acmynun 8 nopmuro «Hapodkol cac- Sods» (kademoe), 20€ npunnayn K ne80My Kpsiny. OM cuuman, ‘amo Ka@emsi omens «Tionesems», Ho e20 Hadexde! He onpas- anuce, us 1907 2ody Menseyxce nepexodum na nosuyuu Hopod- ‘o-couuanucmuseckolinapmuu (sHecos). OdNoepeMeHHO B HaNG- era, a Ta [enomoutonsnie coOwraa 1917 rona nnoSyauuin Membryxosa mpoxomKTs sosranut comsamyio Bpe- MEH upanHTeasetaoM Koytcea0 10 rana Heropnel -3e 1900-x 20008 04 ny6nukyem uemopuxo-nyGnuuuemusecrue amepuanst a easeme «Pycckue aedowocrmin, MypHanaK «PyC- cxoe Goeomcmeos, «BecmHux Eeponsi» u épyex. B 1911 2ody 04 ocHosan KoonepamueHoe usdamenscroe mosopuwjecmso «Badpyean u do 20 muxsudayuu (@ 1922 20- 2y) cemanca npedcedamenes npaaneHua. 3a 11 nem caoe20 cy- ‘wecmsosanua eadpyea usdana Gonee 500 Kxue NO o¥eHE WU poxoil menamuxe. B nepucd 1909-1913 zodos Menseynos paGoman npenoda- ‘amenem uemopuu @ mockoacKux vacmwsix cumHasuRe B. Nl. Tens6ue u H. . Ulenomsesod, odxao, no cobemeerHony npu- nano, He ucnssmsean uAMepeca U npusecHUA K nedazdzuNe- Koi Genmensrocmu. Hacropoxctiao serperis OxrxGpscxyio Pesoousuo, ox avait onomposa Hono omutuseekyio yeerembHocTs. Cpasy noc ac espascKoli pesomounm on noi & Oprxovater Tpynosoli wapoato-counani cetmcexoil naprin, a 8 anpee Toro xe ro- 21a Gaur wsGpan wiewom LIK napric Hapa ‘pox cousiacTos (stiecos). Oasospemer- Ho Cepreti Tlerposi cra pesiaxruponers Mockoscxme HevaTHBte pray naprimt — -xypran «Efaponsni compasmicD> i rasery «Hapomsoe cx030». B wapre 1917 rona MemsryHon Guu na- snaser Orserersensisns sa oGenenoRanne npaéx apxutsos MBL, Mocxoxcxol=yx0%- Holi xonencropait it Muicenonepexoro co- “Craven warwcaia npm nanaepee rpaia PTH PogMNA 3.2007 paspaGorke rommavecksx sea 1. Mocksis (Apxus nomriyecknx en Mocks) Vines ocrymt x apxiaseiw Joxyuewram- HAM MarepHaan, ol OpACTYNIA x sR iio cepht «Marepuaasi no ucropaK oO lleeTBeHHOro Mm peBomONHOKNOTO MHORE- Hus. w Poconos. Oxwaxo ystasoce Beiny ‘rarest ott eGopink oKyMentToB Mo- CckOHCKDTO OxpaHHOTO OTHeseHHA «BouTIE= auxin», Hopas palace HeTomkonaa 970 18 ane Kak erpensieHe mpesIeTaBHTS HETO- pinio Gonbilesia B «utck=xéHHON Bune». Kowocito no paspaGorKe riatatievecxirx 3e1 HKRIEIHPORATIE, RMECTO HE OBL COI nan Apxinsio-nonmrarieckiii oven mpi CHK Moeckssi x Mockopexoit oGziacti. Mensrynos » wero ne wouter. -RnACTI: nox Tepaca OBpasonate Topo- soumecxoii apn, eran ona 1 pysD50- ‘renelt «Coroxa nospoxrenis Poccui> ‘acrsecsore uempay?, Buoss, xax 8 1905 ogy, Mensrysiow oman a steno weGnaroea- _Aexunx sn crastmpectenosant.ca sa cpoH. oeraseckue yOexenis Tlepasiit apecr nocnesouan 9 now ua I ceumiGpx 1918 roxa. Kax nosmee micas ‘cant Mensryit0a, 70 ponouto «aia pyro lei nocse noryuienn wa Tentmna, Hos na 1-e cems6ps 1918 roan. Hs casera 1s- agence nospoGHOCTH YesOBH, MPH KOTO PIX Mpoxowt oGsicx H cat apect: HM n0- axTHo — 23 oGiicka x nepextW Tevenne conercnoro mriuteTHs..»% Tlocae suurensnoi Gecenss cmpencenare- _ te BUK Mexsrynon 6ou1 oepoSoxé, x ‘or norpeSosarmice nopysuirencrBa mpea- craniresel oBmecTBenHOCTH, a xpoMe TOFO, “IBY KoMMyHcToR. 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TpySenoro: «Cpa nae o6tsexaza, Her mi y HAC OPYRUS HK sa ju canoyOuliotsa. Husero ety ROTO 1 Hains, aupoxew, o6%Icx 6isn HoRepXHO- cru, 3a, 10, no Kpalie wepe y C. TL Mentscyuona, an nvenea, Ox ené pax- ie npezieaan co stio¥0 mi nome, va cxysait eeprioro mpuronopa. OH He xovea GbiTb paccrpesMHKbIN. WERHCTaD. expeio noGzaromapun Memsrysona, ‘oreazanex — no npisixammansinintc006- paxeniia. SLnpesmosurrao Gurs yOIRTIN, SeN TONOKSIT ADHD CanoySniicrpow. Ec- 4a 611 onacanes msrrxu— sero pao nyse a nak He mpesBuNAes, — a, p0- stvo, 11 611 RoR" Bepxomust pesomonounsit pay BBUIMK w pemexsat or 16-20 anryera 1920 roa mpi Memsryoganumosran 3 c0- _tpyvecTe coeTppenomoxsisnoi pre inauiel Buea enepxens Conerex sacri nyt& woopyxs0r0 soceraHAs> cocymin ero x pacerpery. Buena Mepa naka sai Gia aN TOpeNHRIM KIO sca cposont i 10 er, 124 area Tore rom Menrynoxa nowecrisntm ByTspexyio ‘nopuny. Yoke B HosOpe epok sakmowenna “Mearytiosy Osi compan 0 52 n0 aa tert 8 enpare 1921 roga Tpewearyas TMK ssa occonassnt xoxaralicrsa Pocenti- croit aanenin way mpi. oeTaHoase- ane 06 ero ocsooxcs 1 OTRO O- panne cam ay ant B cass ¢ upoueccox «anpassoo> scepos 3 mon 1922 roma ost aH nONBEprAy ape- ' nocregnen pany rpernienpaea Citlemerynos. hs rnsye aire ery no oGsuemno . Tlocae Bropot maponott nots Cepreit Tlerposi mposomkan necTm Hcee10B3- ‘Temkexyio paGory. Tors xe HELI 8 CRED cera rir — «Cyab6a uaeparopa Hatko- sax II nocue orpevexva. HeTopitxo-Kpi- ‘raeexire ovepxit> (Tlapibx. 1951), «Map- ‘roscxwe 101 1917 rosa» (Tlapwx. 1956), en8iC Ha Mopy cH, 1 sneR Gist BecrpenD- ‘enoato, Ho ners x06posonsn0 8 sacary 08 ‘ews GuLt0 neuxonorHeceH Heaoawons, ‘FL oBparaca x cBoun nopysaTENIN camIpO- ‘cov, ues ae MoeTyRIT, eM 6osee 70 ou mem Beé we GutN0 neseHt0: nponOKAIO Sg curarses Ha nopy{2x, TAK KA HpOULIO ‘onee 4 weemuen¢ woweitTa woero 0¢3060K- ‘eam. Or H. . Ceopicoa” sae nepesat 1 eOBBK, HO, eFO MIeHIMO, A HOIDKEHL NocTyEE Tak, KAK MIE NORCKABLINAET CO- xeors. Orser neonperenmst. Meaty Tew ‘Peunreasio woe cOmeTORAINE Me YeXa Ha "HesOTOpOe BENE, CORETORAHE H KONOAYH- ‘ro, YRASHRAR HATO, TO JCXTARH NPOCTO H- rym nowent. Al yexar Ha Mees. ‘SLnepnyse, ak TobAD sacaa Osa cH ‘a, Hae spespiriaiiuame socrasicm orm arses nak nGerumns. era wow BHORE 0+ cemumace eovepmento orxpirro 1 ofpmu- aio na xeaprnpe, xe 0 nacrofensoMy ‘peSosano apyseli mporanxan HeeKDTD ciorrauteckn o6pas xin; comauaaca Ha 970 TOIBKD TOTOMY, "TO CANON MpOTAD- HO OMIYLIEHME abayI0 Hoy Cena Ka ‘Tupe MPIC KBATOM CTYKE Hk SBoMKE ET romekw rocrei. Geena xa eH 8 ‘npaanennit«Baapyrup, ene Tan cHcTeNea- ZASECK non COSTE Tp aca, cra sa pasa B Hete6 Gatsars » penaxnum «Tonoca Mysusero>", a no scwepase yexxars, B ceymwoeT, 3T0 6sino ystee, noxayi, x08 ‘peat. 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Marepwast 71 OH 720 ae Ae m kawepy, Hx nposnras¢ Gorman inepecon. Mammy 3, noxeso, cxnoas, smo 1oGnneto Teun 5 ro-nH60 ene dursecroe oGpaGaranars He Gyay, a Te O0- nee nesarars» «Taonfoce} Mlsyanero) Ho cea muse Gyayr mpexocraniens warepi- as Jenapraaestra nossa, 7, BepOxTHO, sce onwxyes OF ix oGpaGorat ad mairem sloriam Jemma, a8 Tos Bit, xaK TOTO Gy- RYT oaGsYAuBNT, MEPL, OK PLE tan yeacrne 8 o6paborxe marepiasi08 © Gonvineauxax no AHEM MOCKOBESOTO OX- patnoro omens. Cele 2, o BomKoxt caysae, Hvero He MOTy CREED, NOKR He DonySy Tak MULE ae Hee, KOO aH AGCT MOLE BONORHOCTE MpOROMRETE opwasuuie sansa, Mankist 8 orber Ha 270 BAKER KaK Git AGIACEIET MOB TIHOK- ‘ne Toca msxcscux 1 pone pao op, — arora x ry Geceay. “Tax xax nce apccrosauuie 8 anrycTe 8 "pian cepespenst- ai, He auano. BO nomxow enya, 370 6s cyuta, ematcrBennas 8 cHO83 pore 1 5px0 xapaxrTepisyrouad wantaky, KYATHBHYe- Mie no upeNts penosnoWUA& HORE Oxp- six orxezemin. Hosopuo 9t0 Huu ner — ceygurs celivac ne sme. Ho 270 mpaxrna, bINyENTHAH TONBKO B OXpAHNTIK OTAee~ amuax. 310 3 yrmepactai onpenenéio Kena Mok aaa. TO nao NosBATs npescrannrens joMonoro konuera, «Sl awiao, 70 Ham menaTy, — Osu oTHET, i nporoxa Got cocrasies Ges Tex TpeG0Ra- 1 © KOTO TAK Acro MHMETEAH xOTO- le ssKOTCA aK Okt HenOOPOM rapa eit or anoynorpeSaem, Cxysaste csi serean, ampowess, oxasaztach —A. M. Tlly- Gepr,¥ ac cHHMaIILas KONTHETY, Hees creat HF. Tlfemxa], snore 134 npuoGpetenua Tocynapetaesnomy H3- Savemcray neyauBn axypaany GubiH0- papwsecsix nasa Tipexerasirems LK. ornpasisice x rexe- doay: «Hauéa owe, — esa paaro- 0p, —npumuaercoryrsH08..9 ‘Chopo npuGisunt enpens, @2aTeM 1 cam Arpauoa, O, on aepaxcanca spessrsaino m0- Geax. Cero paspemens ae Gutno nanexe- xo 500 py6. 8 somexéx, soTopat, oHeWHO, oro Gein oroGpaut Kovessarcxot Cero paspeuenin © maxx umry «Pesomoum Kpononcia, 1068 sanansier nepaste wast apecra, Kina Gnu oroGpara. xoren s3er5 Gyxcarv nt xapananiel «3roro we HyxH0, — ronopar Arpaio. — {Ban rapaspj0 6- mari Kapanazamell osmaéunnox, CxonBKO _yromton, Sno8-TaRi a MeCKONEND CT on casio nonanueles Gyr i Kpac- sf param xopomo enena ‘Alspavos) ena seamoxéruit! xompo- cn, 370 nemrepecs, Onery smh ne HEOHAUTENBNBIE HO XApAKTEPAX Yep Ha wo micuermox crore xa HexD- ‘opse muunexs vs «Hapecrni,xapaxtepi- ayfoulue Toe 9peKE, UIOALARA eH ‘eneltreppopa nyo «ro mrepecto. Kouy Bur nocuumaeve amu numcsat? Xopo- 1 roxo6paro,xora 1 TenxentoIOMN0. IT 8 ‘owxen manrs», 5 mpoGosan parscur, STO TAK BRIINCOK Y MERA THESSHLH TO 2O- PoLutHA 3.2007 oe He Osan, #70 AE KYIA-TO HOCH, enavo xx cooci paGors. B evaxe Osuna ra- Serna sues. Arpanos: «Pyccxnse nex0- ‘nocrim! Orponwoe mpecryniene eer _uapesna us «Pfyccxm] s[eaosocreiy, oxa- sumpaeres, 270 xapaKrepiyer MmMpOCODep It se, A ccrp m8 Poccmr nerreaamreei ‘wemonex, roTopuii cao Bpens we Osi Gut ‘HesoGencen srarenen «PyCCKIN BEIONO- rely, Arpanios, oveBittH0, 8 TO spensx s2- sun, sto «Pycexne] sfexonoctay yaRe He cymecrayior Gree 12! xer w w70 TaKIEK ‘uapesox y Meta acicronrensHo Tse. Haxowerr x muecte ¢ A(rpantonsn] 1a aproxcoGuxe mpnexax na Syéamny, 2. «Zo saprpay, —ronopsr nesrxeeno moGesnit Alrpaxios) 1 ae pyry. 10 ‘mposraomén exarcxax em ia 3HaNeNKe, = ‘man ens sacraass.0n nsiOxpars pyRaNt Ka~ (hens x0 suaposa. Ho Tlonon? oxaxaes we- ‘HopewoM Xopomn H ne suonansrin. O 1x yvomsy Tonxo Xopomiee nnevarnexne, ‘Tent mene Kponiorian m Gyxcara, naariie ak pas U8 TOTO, TOG He TOCKORATS Nep- ute mum, Beerya wanGonee TaxEmae B T0- DenHow saxzioses, Gum oTOCpans. Jha peoa (any H BBepry) OOCKARH, irax, x 3anepr Onso 1 ove "sx OMBED» BH TpeHeT Tops OCOGOTO (Onrena. 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Tax, 12 Maz 1936 roxa aBromobiim Cepro Opaxonnxnase wapxn «Ka- ‘Ausitax» mpH cnenoBanmn 13 TOH m0 Bun0BY oxpansieMoro sHKIa NOMA B anapmio (ita nonopoTe, MpH cKOpocTit oxono 35 KHAOMeTpoR B Hac, NepecKO- ‘sun GopaiopHbil KaMett> H Bpesaren B sepenio). Tipaansioli apapma crao py- sreboe ynpannenne — Ban pyan Ost HaHHCTO COpBAH Y camOTO coemHHE- HSL C Hepaskon. OrMeazock, 470 a- romoGuu1« [OH » GonbinnxcTse npo- IIH mpexeabatii xnsTOMeTpAX 1 HY- weaiores 8 samen, ExxemeesapiliTex- OeMOTp NepconambHBX ManIIH mpo- N3BOKILTOR HEOCTATOSHO THIATETBHO, paGoune mecra Jinx mpoReeHRE Te CcMOTPOB AOMKHBIM OSpasoM HE Guim oGopyzosams, yur HoepHbix 3HAKOB HO HATaKeH, BORWTEMECKHII cocraa sie mponyckasies wepes ncHxo- ‘TeximHNeckyIo KOMHCCIIO, K nonuy 1936 roxa six TOH Gon saxynenst apTomooiinn «Haxkapa, o TOM SHITE HECKO.TEKO GPOHMPOBAHHBIX. B To xe BpeMa apTONapK rapaxKa 110- TONHMIIeS OTeHeCTHEHEIMK ABTOMOGH- sant «3MIC-101» H «TA3-M-1». B won ie 1937 rona # I-m orsene Inapxoro yr- pastes rocysapeTseEHoti GesomacHo- cma HKBJ] CCCP (ores oxpanst pyxo- BoauTenei naprun m mpapiTembcTpa) si cosman rapa onlepaTMBHEIX Ma me, B saj1a4y KOTOpOrO BxOIAI0 OGeC- meweune GexonacHocTH NOeaIOK oxpa- [HAeMBIX THN HA TlepCOHALTSHBIX aBTOMO- GuaaxTOH. A | anpens 1940 rona TOH ‘om 8 cocTas orieparuimHx nlospasae cunt L-ro oreata HKBJ| CCCP. MAUIMHbI TOBAPMUJA CTAMMHA sili veronex:c penomnepow x HaCTaBIET opyamre 1a Cramma, Bracnk KHRIex Tlepssin nepconambusin asrowoGiinen Testo. saxpetmar Xoaanka, @ CTOSRII Hocmpa Bnecapronosia Osun munsili pstom ¢ ToxyumasmmMMes OnepaTHBHHK «KIERAIO- iM enocoGow. MIpuxassiman mopépy mue LIK. Bo asope saan Apcena- HOCHTECH TO HOUHOMY TloaMOCKOREO. On aGcomoruo cepsésio yrreprta, a pyri ye cnaceHom ‘wPonne-Potca> Tl. Yaano ‘Sau. 1923 ‘70 Tak aysmte ayMaetes. Vianon ems ¢ Tpaxancxoli aofinsr noma pera sit zeB03 paar «Cpocsre 06 anro- Mo6iWTe TOrO, KTO e2nT Ha «TTaxKape Gyxnaano. On ovat pacnopsorcrm xymTs saa Crannna 6-mmmepons <«Tlaxxapx 333» 1926 roma, Ero 4,7-nm- ‘poss 60-cinnseBtH morop pasronsn asromoGim 0 105 Kat B apromobiisiolt musi nox na cTymiLT0 onto HaMeHeHNe, zanmee To- BOR JUIx noxospwrenssocTs. 16 Hosp 1931 roma # 15 waco 35 mimyr Cram ‘més no Hatsuiake » composonstenit 1a ‘ambaika oxpanst Hiunoaa Bracrea. B ‘Te roast aysumii pyr usiemsTypHHKOB smo6ws npotirics reunkow npaxTHeckH es oxpanist Hs tom ssiSeasartcrpaui- aia — manne nx Cram, ero ce- Mu, cexpetapeii, oxpami. Ha Manterx- Holt nnomaan » GsipmieNt aaas Ma- vexa naxomaca rapanx IK — CHK. Hapxose suyrpennix nex Teupix Strona npnxasea Opoxnposars HMy3H- HA ‘GieHoR BKICIIETO pykoROsICTEA erpansi. Kysoaa Taxéx «Jhasxons- HOR) HMeTIE B CepesMHe epeBsHEIt xapkac, koTopsiH w yeu 6poxepo- aHNKINHE TUDATANHL Ha 38RONE HATE (Crammma — rommma sapsuposarace cor 6 oa 2mm xys0Ba H 15 Mat I nia, Jepeno He BuUepaKHBATO TaKDil Ha- TPYSKH, H 3a ECTS ET MAAK Mp ‘nuts B Hoyo HeroasoeTs, Ho 70 Bol Hat B CCCP He Gxuto asromoGwtelt nm Kapiee Sponuposamisx «Jliuxom- wos», Kora om crosa a Coo coi HaGepeRHON » Topxecrnenmste SIH, a Mx naccamcper min 8 Kpenn van no Tearpamsuoi momans nepen oxepeolt npessepoi, imocrpanit HenOyMesanH 110 ToBoay KomMNecTRA TaKHX AOpOrHE Mam ‘HeoGtrasi reparr exysmncs a Kan- sage. Jleron 1936 roma Tas ormixar BrO- poli cexperaps LIK womaprint Benopyc- cat Anexcarsap Xaxwests ToeTempHin- if xossua Tanperraié Bepns, w ty 0- ‘By nepoxsit cexperape rpysnmcxoro LIK, ¢ npencenarenem Comnapxowa AGxaanm Hecropou JiaxoGofi peters npokarirrs ocr no Boessio-[pysnucxoli xopore. Comm » spat 7-mecrith duaston Jla- 06. 310 Goi «Taxotst» KB 1934 ro- Ac amonemenbin Ky2000N. Ha KPYTBX Tropdporax nOsUITeHb, ECTECTHEHHO, CODA ‘cumazt ckopocrs, ocpemta MOLUHEIGH a- pawn nyT® orpomsoli auntie. Bapyr PAIAMICL abICTPeTDI BNepem H.e3azH, eweprensio panenntit Xankesis. yas xa pyr Henan Telinypsoosust Bepus. epes HeckosIsko MHEYT nOILIETE:T Nam ueiicxnil «'A3-A>, HO cayuaitno oxaaan- une narpynb w Kycrax mutero, xpowe ccrpenaix nines, ne naués, Oman nag nepona Gov1a TaKosa, stro Youle: nepenyramt Bepiio m Xanneswa. Toc- teal Tome HOCHLT NeHCHE, a «IOpOTO- wy Jlaspeniion Cram npacsast 6po- HHponannil «Jhexamsi0y, xoropeti w3- ga CBOETO RecA YE HE MOF em TaK GsicTpo, Kak orKpsrrit asromoOr, Cymecrayer wstepecuas serewna 0 ‘Tow, Kax Beput, acenas mpnidomesrben x Crannny, «cmacy emy scars nia Kana se. Jasy tou noxctx noerpommi 3 caMoM yerbe peru Jlanynce, snanaxoueliw ms ‘oxoroprioe oxepo Pinta. Ocer10 1933 Towa OF eXAL Ha ay w HeGoMBILON KOp- ‘Tex 1 ATH aproMoGnzeii. B nepsoti ‘renosana oxpara, no wropoii Crannn ¢ JeTRMA, B TpeTBel Bepns ¢ naxametmt- om mecrnoro HKBJI Cepreem Tormue se, B verséproii naunme exams nopapa Mcnpmcayra, a 8 samerKaromeli — oxpa- xa, FopHas jlopora netnscia wepes mepe- samt a moran. Bupyr Bepix npika- sa ocTaHOBHTLes, cocaasuINcE Ha "MpeayBCTENe M HeKyto areITTYDHY!O He opsauuiio. Ox npocun Hoewpa Bucca- [PHOHOBHTNa nepeceeTs 19 BrOpOf NaIL- HIB werBépryio, Cram exea1 910, 1 _yme wepes asa Mocrnxa nepensiiHt a- m1 nog Bropsin aBronopiaTeM Heo ‘xan mposamiries. Oxpania paccpe0- TOULIACK, HacTs aoxpyr Cramimia, oC- ‘Tansmste cram npoxécomarb Seper. Be- rectweHHo, Muvero se Kamm, Xopue ‘exyxit, sro so8 970 noncrponm Bepi, ‘106s npuGmesurses x Cramny, py: rue yreepacas, 870 epessiHbt Mot pocTo He mBinepaas THKEYIO Malte ny. Uro xe 970 Gia 3a anromOGuute? Ho sell itnocrH, «BsionK» 33-901. ¢ 7- ecrimin xy30n0M. HapectHo, #70 Cra- AML KaTOBALTEX Ha HeyOGHY!O NOHO Pogua 3.2007 7 78 be xy mmgysuma, a any wa Pre oe ‘ain neSporponarmnsie «BerouKio> Ca- Molt aammoit 1 xoporoit 90-H cep. Ocenio 1934 rona xaxoti-ro mani omurrent 3a pyséa «BHC-5» ta Yana Cou c xony mpesanox » crammaceati snawrysi, Tporoxas sadikemposa, TO ‘370 Own «Boron 1933 roma, moropony ‘BumMBoxa cHBC Mpanoe KPBUIO. 10 nexaGpx 1933 roma, sax esnixcren- mayer mavsemax TaGimeaxa Ha mpHGop- nowt mrrie, Cepreto Kurpoay exiicrantt Tlenmarparia Guin monapent 7-mecrHsii ‘munya «TTaxxap> Super Eight 1105, Sot pockonmna amroMoGvunh ¢ nepero- Pom, omtenstome naccaxmpos or 80- ‘murens, 1934 woxensoro ron OCH maxes 8-ramqponuiw 6,3-nHrrpoDsiN MoTopost wommocriio 145 somazumx cam, epes Avrropr 3axynammics re Tons- 0 craviaprate Mose «TaKkapsoy, #0 HW nepeH oKCKMOSHBRNEH SaxasteLt xysoaannr or areke «Te Bapow 1 «ID ‘Tproo, KOTOpHIe CTOMLE OFTHE B 2 pasa snoposke. Kypos He s06ie oxpatt,TDe- ya y caoero nomiTeaa orpsmaTEcR 1a somixow «Taxkapnie» ov Marina cO- mponoxzesna. Jodi « mpenerasnn TpH saKpBITBIE ogc: 110-cuabnyio, 150-cHunbHyI0 12-uvomsposyio Bepcsno c OGHORIER- ‘mt MoTopoM. 3a exer YEeIHeHA OF Pogia 3.2007 gro ccc ewan, Panna), ogre pe ia rapama, 1930-¢ rr. &ma 20 7,8 mrpa Mommocrs zoerHra 175 nourazonmerx cx, B Tos 2K€ MONE Hom roay 6s asimymen 721 12-meumm- aposstii «Ilaxxap, mpuvest Hts ‘om sonaysun Kpactoro sera Gout Sponmponastdpupstoit«Japrono» u3 TT caer. Higenio ero 1 adcTane xpe~ MugBCKOMY HMEHIEK. Crammy oven noupanitoce mryr peste OcHaMIeRNe MamnMAB: Mom oGorpesarens, oOuBKa santero carToHAa ¢ yrerutesiew rarasbinM ryxoM, 6-1aMm0- Built paxnonpréscun. [Ipanaa, om pa asQil HepekpactTs astoMOGHAb B CTpO- rut sprit ner, Hasan sesofi coxpassnt Crammia Kap Tayrep, Gri ‘Tora B éaBope, OpraHnsona HeOstRa- sneie nepst GesoracHocTH. Oco6yro Grut- “reaiocTs api oxpaHHik 1eMoHeT- Puposax npx npoesne Crama 3 Kpe- ar na Bmicxwow say. Cramme can cox «lTaxxapsoy, HO He Ha ynoGHOe sa ‘Hee CHeHe, a Ha OTKRUIKOME CTyTIK— crpanorrren. Ha sani pant nomenta- ses oxpakiKn, a Ha Tepemee cHneHTBe puxpeniéunett HavanbHAK Kapayaa, ‘oGusuno cant Tlaykep, mpi 9ToMt sae [ABepHBE 3AMMpANC TPH TOMOIH Ha ‘oN merIoueK, @ BEPEII CTANMHCKO- To pontenma enenOBasiH 1a OTKPEITEN «Inmate» KB ¢ oxpaHol, noTOpaK B cenysae neobxomMocrH oGsaaHA Gina Tamry Bo Bee CTOpOHH!, Garo KPI ‘Spina GpeserrTonoii 3a «laxscpT0%0> BO- ens CeO fa GBHIONKAY, NOATHEE «BHC-10In, ¢ sstesms0% oxpanoll. Ha yr exesonantes K KyHICRCROME aE HE- OICTHE BBICeNIMAM TPH verBepTH *xIUIb~ tuop, a nepeymkax craporo ApGara m HosoapSarcroit moma, 8 Some BHSy- aumbsioro KOHTaKra, TomMMUTHICS GpaBsse peOara 13 orgena’mpanirremscrnennoti oxpanst HKBJJ. Onn sacrynamt a oct 23 waca. Torta ApOar craHosnstcs 10 ‘ytpa saxpstrofi 20H ‘Box men oBtixnosenme exe Ha ‘as TOSAHO, HOTA € FOCTHDAL 13 Co: parixos «Gavrxntero Kpyray Ha o6e= RoTopuie aararsmamcs 10 4-5 wacon yr pa. Oxpaninxit nce oxenasitce O7HHaKO- Bo: eTOM a cHaHte GocToHontie KOcTIO- Mai, necHoiH oceHTIO B cepBte KORCPKO- ‘Tonble TANNA M KeMTEN, a SHMOHH B SE 'HSIE TAMETO ¢ KapAKYNEBKIMH BOPOTHTI- aM at Taknie ake tramkn, Ha sepraKax 1 [BepXHUX 3T@KAX HENOTOPEIX sna Gos st oGopysonanx «ruéana> s cuaiine- pos H nyaenéranos. Y smrorix coT- PYAHHKOR nom mxamtan HaxosHEAIC® KO OTKMe aNTickMe apTowaris «Crem Tlocne mpoeana ace mm m pectopax KB 4 8-10HHIpOBBI = ayaa Kana. ‘AMTHCOBETSHKH myTumit: «ITaKKap- ‘mop peumuor Be, HaMeKaA Ha T0603 (Cramma x svofi mapre. JlelicrsHTes- Ho, BCHONHHIM eTeHAAPHEN ETAAKOB, cracumrx oxime napoxona «emo- cxmy 13 cenepuerx 1108, HKOA‘i Kayan 1 Anarosaii Jamxescxsii 8 auax ncewapoanolt 11068H noaysniai no S-ummmaposomy dasTony «laK- Kap) € 34KASHBIMI SIITHBIME Ky30B- Mn, JHerennapasit érunx Banepnti Uxanon nonysun cena «IaxKapa» Super 8 1937 roxa ronyGoro sera c menmof TaGmeKOH W npaxpentés- bmn mod épow 13 TOH. Uxanosy npr XOAWTOCE HaCTO BLITMIBATE 11a TOCY/HAp- cermemnnsrx npnéwax, w modép Osu ei cranremsno neoGxomum. Axrpuca JL0- Son» Oprona Goa yaocToexa aneranrr- oro cnoprxaGpuosiera «TTaxkap1-120> 1939 roqa.c xovmaxrrsms 8-raNTHNHIpO- smuin 110-cromsitsme MoTOpOM B 1937 rosy Osi10 pemeno xymee naprato sunayannion «Tlakkapzt» Twelve 1508 nto 4089 onmapos Kaxkquii. Bee- ro xymiom 52.sngyaua 13 1300, mary- ests 8-ToM roy. 25 a sex Creat npukasan Spoxpowars a 3ACe. One apToMOOHT on OcraBita ceGe, onmm Te- pesast xa Kankas Bepitn, oGomasieny xopomie aprowoGnstn m «TTaxxapao> 8 sacrHocrs. Ocrambitsie pacnpeneria Memay ewan LIK. Momoros tro7%30- BaUICA TPeMA MaMIKHAMH: 6POKMpOBAK- wont Ghimwonsi> KB «Tlaxxaps ‘Twelve 1508, a Tarcxe oGsrsms amMy- susiom Buick 35-90L, Cast Cras omsaosasie pews «IlaxkapgaM: ogapkom Pyanensra, xoropsti s106po- xmpopait 9 Mocxne ocenbio 1939-10, 12-uwumaposKim Gponiesuow. 1937 yoda i KOPOTKHN 8-MTHHAPOBBIN xayO-cenaHom 1938 roma. Yacto on "NpueDkB a MeponpHsTEsB OMHON TH yauie, a yerxaun 8 npyroM, pH 9TOM oxpasia ocTaBanack Ha MecTe, a TISBKAR Mama yxouuca ipaxonuta 8 TOH. Ho waumumy 1937 roaa Cram, He- cewops a yoasyio MepemnOr0 esas ceameyto nloxpeeky, HenomoGmisan. Bu- ofl scenry Gaia yxoposertax Gasa, 10 ‘BIeKIUAN TeCHOTY Ha OTKEANON cHLIE- nse, Tlaccaxupant samiero mirsaxa 97a ‘ocobenmocrs Ostia mpocto Hesaatersi, Ero pastpanxasio oreyToraie xpowoser- pa na Buyrpeneli ctopoxe meperopos- xf, 0 ROTOpOMY OH MOGHLT BoIEHeRATL epeHHOI CKOPOCTS. B IHOGHMOM ABTO- Mo6ie 1935 roma, HeoGxomwo Tose- [tars mpanay 0 Gposepoii samure nece ‘Taxinx mmysunoB. Bas0nax NONE ne cura 2,5 tows, a OpoHenitx x00 4,5 Toms, Matorociofinste créxra roe sic Tostapasy 7,5 caeTHMETpA 70 rapati- ‘Tmponarto Gex0N!ACHOCTS, HO HeCKOAEKO aarpyriino o6%0p, KASAIOCK, ¥TO EMOT= Dan n3-Tlox Boats. JenentoBaTsA TyMast Gi ocoGenHOcTSIO MHOTOCTOHHOTO crressa, Mexcry paso u zuumest 1ax0- susiacs, Opomaponanan THA, @ 10 KY ony, SaraxHKY H ABepsMM TOMI Sporn cocrasrena 8 wot. Kpsinia svt ack anepuoii ncrasKn, oOtaKyToHt ‘epMaTHHOM, CymUBue JU TePMO~ KOMTEHCAIIN B canoHe, BMECTO HEE Gott ceapen nawups 95 Gporenmr: Konica, HecMOTps tia Hospocuryio Macey, Grist cmoBais0s, Ho SaKpBrrEnM sTeKOpa- ‘Tupi Nonmakasor, Brack mpHTyMaT OBOBSENEHHE: HECKOBKO Kopre%Keli cene0Ra.TH Ho pasHNt MApUIPYTAN, @ HA COxHaX HCEX THNYSHMHOB. OLN GEsTBIC ‘uiénkopbie mrTopx. Htxro He MOT TO- [BaTB, B KAKOM 11S WRK exter BORK. BO -penia noeanox Ha Kanxas Crane Opa Sposuponasit «TTaxxapa» coCoii. ‘Bimcuk areck mpuryaat ocoGsIe Mest GesonacHocta. Omtospenemo roTosi- “tes npawurencraesati noe N2pO- xox. Cocras coctosst #3 Gponposaui- 1HAIX CAULOH-RATOHOR, Fe MpH OOM Hav Ha KHOMIKY Ha OKI cHyCIAMIHCE Gpounposannisie cram. Tlepoxoy cross Acrpaxan, Hora nox ommpaniat- a na rloewte npawo 8 Coan, a Gonsant Comyn, NOFA OH TlUeITOM exteAOBA 20 "ACTpaxadi, @ ATINIE MAPOXOHOM Ha Kanxas. Yjamon, eras nasambiKoM TOH, mpucrasien & BoxkTIO W ero ONpante nysmex noguereneli, CrapHbm 3 HX Guan Cononsés, Gsm BomTem TeHC- para Bpycitrona. CMIMCOK JABPEHTHA MAB/IOBMYA. Boson moSurene 2Toi sapxut Get Beputs. Evry norpasitica 6ponesix 1937 roxa, NoTop6ll paarowsites pa nowouw 4-erytenaroli xopoGkn nepesas 20 Accor 2a 20 cexyHa, a corarciasikay stocraraza 120 ews. Kpeliceperyto cxo- pocrs 2 100 xw/a 12-mienmpoREsit i= Tair 1epskan erm. Iepeexas 8 Mociy, Beprix aaxasan jas ceGx nga 12-au ponuix «llaxrapam — 5-necruntit ce- ‘Tasi-xaGpuorer cepunt 1508 c oTKHAHIN ‘epxox 1938 roa orareate «Ponicro1 nest n 5390 omsrapos JU18 JET 10- ‘eaox Ht mney 1939 roma B GrammKEr- oii pepemr 3a 4690 jostiapos. 3aKpBi- ‘rit papnasrr Osi mune epeamEO;t Otenkx canowa, a MeperEMe KPBLTA He Nec SAMICK ROME TO JL BTOMO- Ginelt axoro kacca Gour0 pesKocTBI0. Aowrarems wa nocneamex 12-ucHR-IpO- BbDX nepen ycrananumnsa.nn (bopeitpo- sauna 0 205 atomrazuauene ci, 3a 9 ner mpownoncr#a cywMapasit binycK 12-wunmiapossix «TlaxKaps08» cocTa- simn 5744 yen, we OTOpSO< opsaKa 10 npouestos ompasnscs 8 CCCP. BHKBI Bepus sanén séry0 wepap- unio WO SaKperttento asToMoGWrel ror enmcox coxpasnttes. CaM HapKo rromisonaiien ayMs 140-cubis 2 Mysmannr « Zephir i woo raxrsiow «Tnnyrer co cnaGexsxaiM 77- automa 6-1oemaexpoBbiot MOTOpOM, To ‘Tem 2ke MpMMMMAN tno pacnpestere- te MATH cpenm HaNANSHEKOR ynpas- saewult. ZIpyr Bepin, waansenx Tras- Moro Tpaxeriopmioro ynpansestin HKBIL Conomon Mumpurredin: nomsosasiex ‘aByMs Manian: 13S-cunbiIBIt ces12- non «Kaguuutax-61> 1939 ronan mo0Kco- BRIM cenaKom c 6-1iunApoBEIM 90- canis woropow «CrysteGexxep» Dictaior 6A 1937 rosa. Pysonozirrexs sreumiel passeakx [Taser Darran non SOBA TH teraRTiTM «BIOMKOMY Century 1939 roma, Ero sanecritrenb, suiaexiroili oprannrsarop 2arpaHiaHbx rrommraeexix yOulicrs Tanex Cyaorsia- ‘os, Homs30RRICS OcOGEM PACTAOKe- mem Cramuxa x 8-uneAniqpontiat 122- ‘cumin cenaKion «T'ys0% Custom Fight 1938 roan, Hasan xosrrppas- em Tlasen eroro8 oGnaxa expo int «Onacao6uten. Bos pyronorerB0 ccneacrsenHOfl 4acritTombsonasocb ore- syecrncunsnen «3HC-101>. 1-H enenor- ex HKBVL, sannnasuniicn we Toxo apxiinox, Ho 1 MenomnenteN pemenlt cetsacexanii, nomooKanet pasHisMtt ‘aumasat: Packard, «3V1C-101» a py- gounKann «TA3-AA» 4 ‘Twelve. Cee Byatt esmuex ua ta- OM Ke ABTOMOGHNTE C KYSOBOM hesTOH 1 16-1wummapoBoM cTammicxoN noxapKe, a Murxant Tyxasescknii 10 apecra esaitt » orpontion «KaziuitaKe-75n c KyS0R0M4 nung 1935 rota Tlepex noanncares zoropopa 0 He sanaziernn nocay Tepwassar rpady ¢bort llyneuGypry coperckoe mpasiiremtcrso neperano Gpoxnposannssit «ITaxxapm» ‘Twelve 1937 roma, xoTopsili nocrosrH0 conposoxcut «3HC-101> oxpas. pa ‘men cnofi pocwouetiuni apTomoGrit, no mo Mockse neNoHcrparHsHo pacra- “Tumna 1a GpoHHpOBAHHOM AMepHKAHILE © nammcrex qmexxoM Ha Tepestiew xpsure. Hineno aor my3Kit 8 conpo- BORIICHNHENEIOTHN IPYTHIK MAE BCTDE- sya na Xommicxoa a3poapone 8 aprycre 1939-ro «dOrsxepor box PuGexrrport, EQMHDIA CNEUMOWYECKHIA B/IOK Becnoii 1940 roa Tapa ocoGoro wastia- ‘yentns Gout nepenenéit B Diassioe ynpas- seane rocGesonacrocrn HKB/L CCCP. PoRMHA 3-2007 Berpeva nocuowaeto8 Napasi sarouo6uns — xHOe, TOGB! YMeHtS- LUnHTS sOeKHe H MaTepHaTHEte NOTEpHL or spamecrix GomGapmponoK, exc- mento pacepesoTowBaR apTOMOSr 1 posurreneti (5 Taliamuxuit cax Moc roncroro Kpews, Apeesan, 3 Topxt Tlewmicxne). Mocxosckuit Kpevans 5 1941-1942 ronax GowGumH BOCeN pas. 12 aprycra 1941 rona newenka Goma Beco B TOHHY NOMaa B BOCTONYIO acts snanmx Apeenana. Baur paspy- mew nonemeniis oOuexiTan Kpen- siépcxoro rapimsoHa, exaais, rapa Ko- Menaarypst Kpemas (yRMUTOKeHO eer serkossx asromoGieli m Ba HompexteHo). Cepsésuo noctpazan 1 Mant rapax. B ory GonGapsmponxy Gru10 yOuro 28 venoBeK, pareHo 40 po- exmocayxainnx Kowenitatypix Mocxon- croro Kpevana it I-r0 orsesta HKBJI. 29 oxtaGps 1941 rona Bo aBop Apeentaza nonaita natucorKwslorpasMonas épyrac- Has GoNGa, Bstto yOrrro 45 vestonex, pa- nex 101. Kponte toro, Gxcra paspyuiena nnonositia Matoro raparxa, pax6uro Tpit aBromoSix conposoxserix «3HC- 101> Hone Moroustx. B 1941-1942 romux corpyannna TOH oGecresiumt 94 noes oxpanitentrx sMHtt no ctpanc, ws nx S8— nia dpporrt 1 Bpadpostosbte palions, a Take NAT ‘BUSHETOB BEICORHEX HHIOCTpANTHBIX TOcTeli B CCCP. C anpeas 1943 roxa nocse 06- asoBariHs Haprostara rocesonaciocTit CCCP omen rocyaaperaernoit oxparet sHasrrenbHo noBsicna cpoiicrarye, Gy- Ay mpeoSpasonant » 6-¢ Yapaanene oxpanst pyxosonsmirx KapoB Maras 1 nnpasierenscrma HET, Oxpaninie meponpustax proms SOMHMI roTORMLIMCH W MpORONATHC B yenoniiax crpoxaiimefi Konemmpatbin, Kowanuponkn Gsm zmHoii oT He eSOMBKIEX AHEHi 0 HECKONDKAX Hess m wecames. Tax, wanpumep, T. K. 1ky- xon ¢ 22 mons’1941 roza no 15 Max 1945 rona conepmin 43 noiezna Ha ‘bporr. 3a wpenx wotinst A. M. Bacu- neacknii copepmmia 24 noesmkH Ha tbpor, C.K. Tamomenio — 23, K. E. Bopoution — 14, C. M. Byatt — 5. He no nce moesaKn Gpatt ¢ coOoi asrorpantcriopr, Ho BCerTa KOMARLTHIpO- samme nomTen TOH. 18 Hox6pa 1943 roma Ha Terepascxyto ondepenttino Hs Acrapst (meitesnon0- Poxiag crass Ha teppTopin CCCP), copepuns 300-KiuIoMeTpossili_ apm, npHObunA secs asToMoGwtel! TOH. His Mazoro rapaxa Cramry at ero rpyne TMSHOM OXpaHs! TIPEsHABHANAIINCS He Toape Manmmtbi— cremate (Spoxs- poraiHsilt) «Flaxxapm, «limos, ‘Tonpasicnopruas rpyma [OH vepayaace TeMt ake Malpmmpyrons Ha poswAny. B cepesne stpaps 1945 rona 35 an- ‘romoGnineli [OH Gsm nanpannenst n0- exam 8 Kpsim ang o6ecresexms yaacrsmnos SErrmckoii xombepentin, Cpemt mix waxosumics HecKoTBKO TH sxémurx «Tlaxxapxos» co crrensiab toil samurrolt xys0Ba, Bcero 3% aMepmKai- ‘cxofim Gpiranicxoii zener ami Oo.10 Bet- peanen Yexocnosaxau 1. Ca06ona, aenexo 15 asromoGwreli [OH 1 25 wa- lume 43 rapacxa Ne 2 aprorpanicnoprHoro omaenerats. B ansape 1945 rova Ha cra- BUX YSKUNX Joporax u HaHOMIEHHOH TEX SUK oT soptrencii TOH tpeGosaocs acrepekoe noxeHe, 1 OH ero MOKA ‘sam, Besoniacnocrs suraicxoit ncrpesit “Bombutoit tpoiixi» yaaocs oGecne- ‘uns Ges cyMIecTBeMMIx saNevaut Kpowe exxesiensoii paGorst 8 Mock- seu KyiiGomtene, npencrasitenx TOH sa roa noiinnt yaacrBoRama 8 oGecrie- ‘seuun GesomactiocTa 285 cneusatiiix OMANAHPOBOK, 1 HHX Ha (PONT HB mpspportonste paiious — 157, no crpaie — 118, 3a rpawumty — 10, Onmac- OCT Ha Boiitte Obt1a pealtbHOl, HO He- (CMOTps Ha MHOTONMCHHHBIE KPTHUE- ‘cen cyan, noTeps cpea OXpante- (MB ttt He OBO, TEPEXO# HA CBOM IMMY3HHbI Bmé 8 1942 roxy Gouto mpirto peme- [ne o coanaHtan HoBoTo oredecTBeEHOTO pencrasnremcroro asromoGiuns. K ounyy 1945 rona paspaGorka HoDoit mo- em Gsura saxonsena, K oToMy BpeMextt 8 Fupaxe ocoboro 1a- SHAKEN Goutee HOHOsINL aBrorparte- Topraerx cperets Osim Hnocrpasntm, C cepenmust 1946 roma nawanacs nocre- TeHKas saMeHa aBTOTIApKA aBToMOGi- Paqwna 3.2007 81 82 nor oreveeTnesHBx Mapok. «BUC ‘Sour anepasie octane cpestcTaaNH 0 sicxHioll pazwtocas. B 970 BpeMs 8 r2- pax cram nocrynars 21x oxcnnyara~ iH TaKMe aBToMOGwnE, KaK «3HIM>, «TA3-12y, «A320» «llo6ent». B pesytsrare peopranisainin opraHo8 rocynapersenniofi Sexonacitocm, mpes- panseroii » 1946 roay, Tapanx ocoGoro asnaemx secre ¢ Mamie rapeoxont nomén 8 coctan TiasHoro ynpannenist oxpanrs: MB CCCP. B nexaGpe 1947 rona, ro nocranon- reno mpanirressersa, » TOH nono muremsi0 Goi Bremen 30 Tpanc- oprinx esimimy 4 cosaana ocobaa rpynna (» wommcerse 9 asroseanmie) {4a Tpauteniopruoro oGeayaupants Py xosoantenei crpax HapoHoi! neMmo- xparim, J[ax noenno-nomruseexoro pysoponeraa rocyaapersa (a panre apuraa Coperexoro Corsa) nuisemi- at BoceMts astono6rtell. B 1950 roxy no rocyaapcracrnomy sakaay 21x TOH sun cosmaxt meppsiii conercKiti aBTo- Mobil» co emeltnambHOi samUTTOtt Ky= sosa <3HC-115» (Sponmponannsti). B one 1940-x — wavane 1950-x rozom Tapa 9KenayarHponar YE TOKO oresecrnennsie aRToMamnnH, CoGsrrix necat — neta 1952 roza, ora [rasioe ynpannewne oxpartst MF CCCP 6x10 coxpanteno H npe- Bpariuiocs & pesyasrate peoprannsa- mim 8 YipaBsrenne oxpansi, npaxrae- ‘exit He sarponya Papax ocoGoro-Ha- savenns, ABTowoGwIbHtt napK, BO- ‘aWTensCKHT 1 TexHHSecKHi nepcona TOH ocraanes nosrn Ges Hasenent Bectoit 1953 rosa rapaxx nowt B cO- vas 9-ro Yapatentin MBJ| CCCP, a xtepes ron, 8 1954-n, — n coctas 9-ro ‘Ynpansentix KI np Covere Manner pos CCCP. Cpasy noene emepru Crama asro- moGinm co cmeumastHoH saumTOF Ky- POQMHA 3.2007 Baur MC. fopSaséea s Hua ‘povuporsuvsit «3WA-c1053. 1085 goba mpaxTiseckn nepecrat aKen.zya- ‘ruposars. Bo eropoit noxonume 1950-x rolos Hala NpoMBUNLTENTIOCTD OCBOH- sia nponssoncTBo astomoGuttelt «TA3- 21» «Bouray, «CA3-13» «Hatixa», Tanpint mbrranen Gsm10 sox, 70 ou aaxepxan wenpamanino, Havana Kapwationcroro paliortesa HKT' Haron eMewieniio comzascs e Mocknoii s yera- oais, 70 HHKAKOTO abLIORA B crOMMLy xownppasnequnka 1s 39-i apo ne Gut10, a qoKywenTsr sagepaanmux OucrisH Bexope smepeanr mauyaxren Goan mpi Sars, 870 oH cretpramso nepeGpollies 1 eeUNOTo Teta Ha camonéte, xoTopssit norepren anapmo. Tanpntia co cnyriiuelt oGesopyauii H apecronamt. Bo apes nsoro oGuICKa y Hero HRA ABA NMHC ‘roseTa: o7uH Gut » Kapniate Gprox, apy: Toll — a pyxane KoxaHorD naxsTo, Corpyaininat HKT'S zocranwn cai pa» co cuyriamelt cnaasa 8 Cuoxcucs, @ orrysia a Moceny. Tem openenen 5 HKBJLauix oxcneprisis nocrassuin mute oulexylo «aiynuiuuo necocrossumxen reppopacros. 3 'Y Tawpuiia npu apecre Guus wxear an napar wemssecrHolt KonerpyKiNUA, pee asuaNeHMEil 7218 lopaxeus Opoumpo- sanihix uexell, — «flanntepKnaxker. On cocTost Ho HieGombuoro craaaa, xoropsstt NPM HOMO cHleltKaTBHOTO KOKaIOrO Marbxeva saxpenstasea a npanoii pyre TlyeKopoe yerpolictvo Ssu10 xommax rasan Wlerko Morno OxITs 3anackspouaHo w py- kane namsro. B ero noMemates peax- ‘Teast cHapam, KOTOpEI npHEQAILTES aelicrane nyrés. naxaTHs cnenwantoit HONK, COeUHEHHOH NpOHOJON C-amteKT puaeckoH Garapeell, enparantiolt © kapsa- ne ojeauis. CrpessOa se «TTamnepxuax- Ke» npousnomuiaes 6poxebotino-saxtts TeNHBIN CHapazaM. «Maliop> npomén xype crteumasbuolt Tpenmposkit 10 cerpens6e v2 9roro yerpoticrsa, [lo ero exosam, exapsiait mpodiesam Opoxpo- atte niet TostmnOH 45 yn, TeCTO= ule werrana ® cheipiaGoparopum HKBJ CCCP 310 nomrsepancm, Pesynurarii akenepriasi Miti-rpanaro- sera Gsuma mecha aewrramoun: «Bai ‘Area epmancxon passequ 1H. TaxpH WR uvons © Gopue ob me Kpacrok spunk. oat: 1. [locrannesit narpos sauseren GponeSofito dpyractoit rpaxToit xyyar- ‘auguoro geifcrsns c Goseuolt Gpoxenpo- Gusaesoctsi0 0 35-40 a0, eaatsoCTs:O erpemGit 0 300 werpos. 2. Crpesnnéa roll rpanaroit omer mpoxsoospersca ¢ py ul, © aGCTRIM YropoM rpazsgroNéra Hit Ges ynopa, » aroxe enysae rpaizarowir m5- stages Onsoctpensesi, Ta xan crs Or- ‘nat om orépacsimaeTes ua auetirrenbioe pacctosie (20 10 aexpon). 3. Cxopocr- esuiocrs rpanarouéra mpy erpes6e ¢ -xCTRHIM yrlOpOM siNAeTCR BecEsta NAOT, ‘ak kak nepesapesaunte rpanaroera Tpe- Gyer cpabitiresbiio moro Bpenesh (OKO PORMHA 3-207 83 7, Taspnn anecrrrens wanna Hemeuxoro passenoprana«llennensi-Hopa» s Pure rate 3 minty). 4. Jo Goesoro npavenenns 8 Pperyaspux nojickax rpanara u rpauaro- Mer x Heli me mpuronsn 5-2 creumpu HocTH 1x KoHCTpyKIUA (Nama Mpa HOTS mpi crpessGe c pykut, watax cxOpO- cerpemuocrs, neyaoGeTao sapmxanata). Ox Mako B siuy Hoprarssnocra rpavarowéra _pauarus, nx maoro neca 1 Gomeuoi cpan- niTemsHofi MaMIHocTH Tpavarst, 9T0 cpea (ctmo Moxer 61iTs peck yerleto npiaNe- eMo su enetrambnAIX tenet ‘Buewxramcau u Goenpunacis x muctoxe- ‘ram, roropsnvnt CUI ena6110 caoero AK epeaHra ana HOKyIIEMIN Ha coBeTCKIOX snaepos. Hs saxmoyean akcmepTHse ta ‘Tpowos uHocTpaKHoro MpoNexoAIEHH oF 18 cenmsOpx 1944 roma: «Ha axa pexerasenii 3 (rp) pesombsepHBxx ma -rpowa ¢ saproli RWS~7, 65. Tp apy Hom OcMOrpe YeraHORIEHO, TO MyIs 970- ro Marpotia HoiccT BCTARIHHYIO FONOBKY pogomsusie Hacewxu. Kpove Toro, oGpes AYMhIA THNGGM IC THCTOH NETpOKA BEEPS ‘ieunt n xpacussit uner. Toome napyatioro ‘ocxorpa ssa narpoxa Geum BCxpSITS 1 11- cexezonar no uacra, TIpi ReKpSITHO AeTAMBHOM aHATIBE Ty yCTAHOBIEHO, ‘370 oFfa MPHHAILTEARUT K THILY PAIpKIBHEIX, YKA3 PESHAHYMA BEPKOBHOTO COBETA CCCP (Cp26prosasist weneyso pasoaneok Ya THpesnauywa Bepxosvoro Cowera CCC Paspoinaetes 8 MoMeKT ConpHKOCHOREHTIA Cempensreraiensc oGpavonaKHeN Gast To ROMMECTBA NesKITX CBIHLOBAIX GpEIST Kpowe Toro, » nye oGkapyxen Gemit pucrasuntecxutt ropowoK, Hlocie aa sa KOTOpOTO YeTaHOReHO, 'TO OH ACTER Ccumpeciiumns KpoBABIM ON KO Me BAPHFTENBHBDM RHHIM OTHOCHTEA K Kacy ankattoutos rua erpixeucia, Toxeuxon0- rieckoll mporepxolt 9r0r0 Mopoumka 32 duuscuposaria Montesa ENED TOO "MBITHOTO KpOUTHKa, HACTYNMRIES OT OGME- ro mapas. 30 certsGps 1944 rosa 8 Tocynapermes- [HAUWIA CTPABKA nee | Buoepadue Pymenso-Pymasa 6 cospewenwolnumeponypeuana- | atom wax mutase c mpéx nosuuud, —* | © Haubonee Enazocenonns: x Hemy asmopsy, nuwyiyue 06 ucmo- | puu pycenod ssvepayuu v nnawennerx Gopyax c cosemckou ena- | cmolo. Covesudhoii cunnamueit, nanpumep, cdenava 6ucepadu- | eckon enpasna ka urimepHem-colime PHE*. CoSuimua us caoed Suoepaguu, omnocauuece x nepuody 1941-1944 eodoe, Pym- | 4eHKO He ovens mo6um scnomuNaMs, OGbivHo ozpaususaACe | pacceazamu o «scxpeimod mopsue s oco6on sxympenHen noze- e Konunazepa 3axcenxay3eH, Kya 8 onan nemon 44-20 nocne | moze, kax 612 emopuswo saxeaven wenuanu u npocuden 6 Me | cayes e odunosne zecmanoscxol mopenst Ha AnsEpexmumpac- | | | | ce 8 Bepnuner. To sepcuu e20 Go6pomenamened, « famsuHcxoU KoMeHdamype Pymery cnyxua spackoneouposannein nepesodsuxom», saHuMaT- a nonumnpocsemom 6 wikose npondeakducmos u Kypuposea Me- ‘myo epynny HTC — cobemsenno ove w pa6omana e fare nod npuxpsimuen Fymswsa (Gnazodapa e20 cayxGe). Jamem Pymas4 Cayxun @ HeConsiuon nodpaadenewuu (83602) npu obHod U3 Our ‘susull 18-4 apmuu sepmaxma, Ox ue20 Konneeu noaunu coeemicKux ‘paasedsuxos, Sueepcaamoa u napmusaK @ npudhpoxmesoll nano- ce cHos6pa 1941-20 no despans 1942 code. B eepane 1942-20 183800 ex6yrmosarce no nonumuveckum momuean, Pymery daxe 3acmpenun Hemeuxoz0 egpetmopa, u oKu nepewnd Ha cmpaHHoe. Inonomenue «anmucosemckux napmusar», Kongnuxmyn coBeuML 84 pognna 3-2007 ‘aovo}ouumu cmopoHamu. A 8 dexaépe 1943 200 Pymsisa @ opme vemeuxozo obep-netimehawma apecmosano zecmano ¢ Bopulase tna aexe HTC noce veeo on onmnpasucs« cneu6nox JaKcensxayse- ta, 286 npobvin G0 wax 1945-20. B mo Me opens 8 Zaxcenxayaeve oH cnac am paccmpena sHaveHumozo Opumanckoeo KowaH@upa ‘exonwandoc»Mlumepa Yepunna, nonasuiezo a nnex. No 3aKoKaM rayuemoe, Ha «xowmaxdoc» He pacnpocmpaxanace Mevescxon owsenuus, Ho Pymor nodan panopm KoNendaxmy, smo u- ‘mep —naenavtux Yuncmoxa Yepwunna (Ha coMON Bene OH Um He 6.in),nosmony e2o Gepxkanu 8 cney6rnoxe do npuxoda covsnunos. ‘¥YPymswa xpanumes 26 nocnesoesHsnx nuceM om c3pa Mumepa, i {2 cooé apenn om npouadenu cunsuce snevamenue Ha dpanuy- xe snacmu, Eujé 8 1950-¢ 2odei ®panyum sonpauiusana Kownpo- memupyouue wamepuans 0 Pymsrve y cosemcxc2a noconscm- ‘81 — dunnomoms! x06 He cHoenu npedomagums ySedumenb4br oxazamenscms. ‘puutsicer x anondzemueckod mowke apesusu eepcun Macco- vic CNH, 22 Hosp 2005 2060 «Konconanscxas npaséa 6 Yxpauren ‘onyBnuxoea.a unmepeeio Pymedo, U2 Komopazo ce@yem, m0 OH ‘omnode We auxxey us new, KoK nonaeaom @ PHE, a u3 Beopam- ‘xa20 poda Pymatels nepecenenyee us CepSus, ocmasueux Ha Kop ‘me flowBacca nocénox Pymexxconyu cmanyo PymenKogo. Mars €20 mome He us newt, aus poda Jauxapéesix — «nomoncmse- six 6oexx Komopsie noozanu lomBuKuny o6ycmpausam OBec- cy». B Odecce we 18 anpens 1916 2080, no sepcuu «KoncoNentur, suit xoseurer oGopoust «ronapaty Cras ny H B., Tosapumy Monorosy B. M.» 1s HATS CCCP nocrymaa zoxtamas zany xa Ne 4126/M, s xoropoit o Taspuse epe- ‘AM mpowero cooGuisiocs: «C cextaGps 1943 rona no asryer 1944 roaa sxmosn- ‘TembHo, cuavaaa p Tlcwone, a satem 3 Pure va Bepnne oa pyxosoyersox waa Bocrosuoro orena «CJ TPEOE, cor- pyatonea «Cp (npumeasmero yaacrue 8 ‘noxsnnenest Myccamst) — CKOPLIEHT asamanxa prrxexoro «Cp» — maitopa «CO» KPAYC mpoxoaien x iaususyamh= HOM nopsske ocoGyt0 rosroronKy Ka Tep= OPHET, sk cosepieM TeppopucrHNe~ CKHX AKTOB MpOTHD pyxonogurenelt CCCP... waexnin Pome — Gonauait ccexperaps Pocroxauicxoro paiixowa...Te- peSpocky oprasnnonaut repmanciati passe ‘tuparexbHbilt oprast «CZlp » Pure, yen Ho usenyewnsit «cLlenmermmy. 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Tipwexast x pyccxoro or- aaa panax soticx CJL. Tpencrannscres Huxonait Hananaenies Pyatenmo-Pyrirs Pacoxassipacr coo Guorpaibito: acnn- pax ueTopnecxoro Gaxyasrera, ye axatewmxa Tpexosa; oraa, scmanxiya soot, pear nepeittm x nena, nH ue ro «Garmcancay 8 opxmposasumticn or- SA COReTCKHX napaunoTHeTOB, NoMa Ta xan myréM » neMcuntit Tait, nocrym B oiicxa CJ], moswaxonmcs scxope » mpuppowtosofi monoce © sHoNbMIt H HHI n acrymm » ero pass. Xora Guo- padi ero 6xi1a soo mpuraxceta Ha xxpooata, Gstx npmarr wan w Bepsnie © pacmpocréprannt oGtarumvst — TaN 6y- ner suano. Tlonxe crano wanectio, #70 fomma ntononan sana GImoKo sata ero B 1940-1941 roax m Pure, norma om wocin opmy HKBII, Haste 97a nana nssuna 32- ‘Myx, CHACHA, Mepecemumach ¢ MyAEN B Kanany m concen ne xover pockpent yautevenx exoeit ronocry". Hammo same Heconmaxenis: no ox- oil nepemu, Pyrvenxo «Goperes» ¢ He "NaN B ¢aHTTHKOMMHOICTHIECKOM ICKOB- {xO-HOBTOPOEKOM. 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Mapraca san sacs crponrentcreoM Mazoro Tpuationa (1763-1768), roma Tronowva XV (wate ‘noua Coracus) u Enucefcraec Tonelt (1754-1763), Kopoescroti woewsoit uma, (1750), peetaspawweit JIyspexoro aopua. B 1750 roy Goaronaps o& crapeon 8 JhorceN Gyprexow pope OTIC TOCTOREA KC ‘Honunix menespos 18 kopanesCAIX MALIKI Tloxmayp Gsvta caneoGpexsN , — BAIBO- ‘ania Koricranrrint Anapeesit ex0uN Mest- cM TovtepOM Ha O6OpATHOH CTOOHE OT- KpBITEH, CTapaeh w KPaTKIDX MpesLTOXKe- ax pacexasark o Nuorux Konoctax. TI can w Tletep6ypr. JhoGustowy sen0seky. Toponumo, nor ua Gery. H x stow ero Hemtaa Guu1o ynpexsyrs: 8 Mockae on He ro HroGk He pactioarast cs0Gostsa4 Spe MeweM, MpocTo pirTN cyeTatBoro GuTHA Ne nosaoaan cocpexororurrica. Zn 33- Homa BeTpeE ¢ PYaLANH 1 BAKONEI- Mi, BHESITEL, KOMLIEDTHL, Tearpanbiee CC KraxaH 1 Blinomuente noptperos. Tipesi- (CTABH MMUIORHLAHOE, HyTS sacrensmIBOe INO anpecara, Ha KOTOPOM no-TeTCKH «cropsain> (Kak OH cam rosopnt) master util BapHyrotl HOCH, om yauuGHYZICX. 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Tax exyxns1ocb, ‘Fro a mporexenmn sceit xcrsint Anta At peesua craa sux Koucrarrtuna Cowona He TobKO GansxHM Apyrom # AoporHM enoReKOM, HOH MpaKTHyeckH exITcT- ‘emsim ampecarom On nacromsko catikes ¢ e8 senanhin pacyTeTRHeM m cupOTaNBO akHDII, ‘70 empepsisuo ayMait 0 cectpe. C s1eTeT#a ou omaput Aumy mmenann «AmoTa>, «AmwotouKa», «Hloraiia», «Yeosxay. AmotouKay’ ocoGenHo noxomEI0 €& uztomy o6ainxy, Korga uacrynasio evo 1 yaxe Bspoc: ras Anna Atuipeesia ¢ eTbMi nepeO- Pasact ta as, oH BCHOMIAT 1x BeTpe- 4H MpOMeHae, TAHMpYS BUSTS K num. Tze Gxt Comosst-Murxaiizonst nit povosWH neTHee spews nox Metep- Gyprom, K HHIM OXOTHO MpHesaKamt ToC TH, TIOTOMY 470 TaM «BesIO NOATH sepe- BeHCKOH mpocrorOHl, npesecTi0 paay- unix rocrenpuusersay. Toesakn Ha Mpapoay # acrpesn c ARTO! craHoni- 1c OTAYUIMHOM B «CTpAAMIERK MOsI0- oro ComoRay, no ero coGcrBeHHOMy "HP"SHaNNINO, COMpOBOXKABLINIX KRKIYIO aaxaanyio paGory. 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Hl AMvoTki>, — nvcaat » sennnke’ Byayn # 1910-1911 ronax # Mock- ve, Koucranrut Antpeesi peryssspHo ompanas onuctomsi, Towumo GBs EDX MceM B xOHBeprax ¢ 21 110 25 an- peas 1911 roaa Comos nanuca cess OTKpAITOK®, OGKenUHEHHKIX HBOGparKe- ‘utantu wotrepsepos «Haujoxunexoro 0- Muka, me oGpamanes « cecrpéaKe 1a kono: «Muabili Autoroukal Muuzas Most Amotouxa! Muunsii moti Amsoroua! Le- ayo, Mal B oasoii us mmx cnpaumsan: «...1lo- omorputy Penn, ne mpamna sm wa M08 an kHDKKa Hs Mockpit. Crux Bepre- xa <..> or Bpiocosay. Moat B. A. Bpro- con, mpesicesiarens OGmiecraa moGur ii poceuticxoli enosecuocrs, Gin 319- komm Cowon, HpHruigenaumins ero wa «Beprenonexutit newep», rae wurran pe- tbepar 0 Toe Bepnese m.cruxn s cxoen epewoxe. *8 1997 ony 0 npoeua M.Hasanon0d Busero spavren sHauowexero owed, op NOP ‘ub pacracearas pocuabpome Forrox, mou rarmcstvantG A, fanaunava EM yaanace pac 3hams anpocara — cecrpy KA. Comoe, Onan hmoers ortpaerrim suearay Ona Gaprcaoh Coots, Tae nezaano, eopejounen ayer Saranoc nocrayn, noche. rpabonarmecxo Scenepran conpyavimen pyromerera ore ory apeveoson Tprremoseken rangpen 2d ranoTesa Panteeproach ao Covona Tak oapuacyeae ‘2, eu op cmsrerancren pascoctsohOparoxoA ‘ndoan wnpwosaarnocte.— Pen PaRMHA 3-2007 97 M.A. Comos. Conus erwin ‘enen nnarse, 1003 «Bexepow —_cayimamt crap. onepy Ja nia (1608) mys. Tana suo. Hexypio Gsuto noera ‘aneHo H uertoneHo, Ho My- 9bIKa CKYHHLA CAMERON ommooSpaatia « npunrris- na.» Kak pas Torna wsrre- parypHo-xynoxxceTaex Hom pyoeke mpuicrynumst x n0- crawopKas —crapiixix onep. C wexnourrensinis yertexowt pou nepsuii cnexraxae mi 1a — onepa «llarbia» Mapro se Pan- ‘0, a xoropeM t noGsrsan Kontcran- rae Anapeesice. A novos: «Hnxaxux y ews et nopoctet wimrrepectioro. 3ap- ‘pa, mMoxer Gurr, Gyay xyrue » Merpo- none wa poxcaemnt ButcrpoKoDa..» «san na newepe Bpaca, xanepnoi y2bIKH, ovens xpacuBot.. CxysioDaTo, Tak xax mano pasaevesnil, Maso ay suraxoasx. I. Gyner moro apement co- sceMt ea0bosnol. Toes 108 <..>, Ha KO- TopoM mt pa6oram! BoBcto, ota exNé He waxet oroliri oF yerasocr.. 3a10F Ha roprper <..> FosioRa Kapaictaians <> ceroats ero nomuno vexepow. Ho are ne 1a oc06a, most noxoxas wa H. lines, a.spyras —M.T- Ter, xpactas 200 1, tie Gea oco6oro napa. Puconars 3 e8 yay y Tupmanios, Tax ona cana saxo" 1a, u Papunnakan 370 yaoBonscTaKe...» ‘Cowon ocranosisiea y Kpacisx Bo- por cevelicrae Fpmavion, cKoTOpKIN. 3010 AIBHG COXPALEMT IPYECKHE OTHO- mena. B ure Gonsion rocrenpinson. OMe, NosOM pocKOMIBIX. cTapHHBrX seme, Kax mican Koneranrit Anapee- 98 Poguma 3-2007 Bini, caupuuamt paxyuo, nomectua ‘yrouo » oraemBHoit, oraaéHNoH KoNHa- ‘ep. «/]wéxt exam ¢ Tupuinanow wa Bet- crasxy Co10s, oxasaniuyioca Nasio mHTe= ecHol, 3a uckmoyenueNt mpoussenenit Cepona, mea 8 suay VII sbicranry Co- 03a pyceksx xyaoxuMKOB, Te OKCTIONN- posamice ero «Asronoprper, «Tooxa ‘eByunkin> «OGoxeKa MOAHOTO -KYpHA- aa «Tlaproxana, Baaanamp Ocumonns Fupunias, n0- TomerseHubili nosérubil rpaxnaxin, ‘adpuxaxr rook, wanecTHAit coOmpa- Teas Mponswexenit pyceKoro neKyecr- a, RIKEN IYSIMM # Te ros! COGPARI- ew mponsweneninit Koneranrruna ABzpe~ ceansa. Cynpyrot Braawnupa Ocunioni- ‘4a Guta ovapoparexsniag Tenpuorra Je ofonb08Ha, a o¥epsi0 — Exarepuna Baagnomposna, «Tupiinan co saoit Ka ‘enutcanoi rop6oii, mpocro tporaremsno, Ho xy yrowerenision, — Ao6posryusio ‘ceronart Contos Mapuex Tycranoaa Tlic, 0 xoropoit ynowumax Cepreit Anoxcanaponity, Osa aoxepsio Tycrasa Haawosusa Jinera, ‘raxxe noroNernertoro nowéTHoro Fp ana, Ochowarens axiMoHepHOrO 06- ‘mecrpa «f'yeran Jlncr> 2 was 1911 rosa Konteraninn Anape- ents coodus A. TI. Ocrpoymoaoi-sle- Geewoi: «Besepom picyionoprper ox oli xpacunoit sunioit nants — prey- MOK J1BYMA KapaH AIAN, HO HE He xoTes0ck Gpats emlé paGory, HO MENA YFoBOpHLIN sec XosKeRA H roHOPaP mmnxoM coOraatirTexG Hil, NpANO Ha rani, Ho Teneps a He packansarocs, 7-K. ana oxaaaiiacs yloTHO, H-PHEYIO © ynovouscranen e8y’. 13 wax 191 aaa wanicas i cecrpe: «KapaKa. noprper “xn JIMct, AOBOTSHO NONHEYTBI H MCHHTAMIMCs, Mi ero He XoNeTes Me- Pewocurs ua Syayuil ces0H 1 oKOH- AUT lech Temps Ke, TO ROSKMET 10 Moeny pacséry ait 10. Tpyetuosaro, bo ro 2c texans, Tht sHacuts, HO $38 ero josDxex nostysTs Hea pyGnell, xoTopme He Bansorcs Ha ysnue. Tak Kak pHcyio'ero lo BevepaM, Tereps MOrY KOe-4TO, HakOHel, HoeMoTper® & Mocxse, my3eu, Hepat 1 T. a. Buepa 8 Gout 8 Pywsuuesckow atysee, ceroaix nofiay 2 Tpersakonky>. He pas npwsuates Koucranrin Aa- Ipeesi 92 wo0GpaxeHHe caMoll TOOK Moll M McKmowrrensHol cum, B noprpere 1897 roaa nouépxuat n06po- ‘Ty I cBcTIOC ampocosepuamne, xCIaR ‘coxpaniIT® OGAMK HeOBeKA CTONIBKAX Z0- (cTouers, sz0ro 1 mpocroro, xyoxta- Ka TOHKOTO BKyea — cBoeit Amorst. Ho cyponas AIH ortecHana npexpactie Mepri, wasewsx OG aopororo cyitlecT= 1a. Ha noprpete 1920 roma —apyroii ue~ stoRex, rlepeecuinit seuoro wensrranut Tlepayio Muponyio nolity, » xoTopofi cpa- 2xKQUINCE sa ChINA, PASPYXY B xooaHom w ronoanom [ler Porpae. Ona npesparusace 3B AaMy «@m ceaMIX KYApauI- Ka) CO CTpOruN o1eHEAIO- mnt ssraagoM. Hi ncé-raxst npesects weucyesnynmero MauecTna i AyxoBHIaa TOK xocth Guu OGuapyaens XYAOKINNKOM HH epeamTt © Gomsio u m06oRb10. Kon- ranma Anxpeean © 6ec- noxolicrsom nical: «Amora rpamuo noxynena 4 crazia oven HepaHoll H NexHSHE- paqocTHO...» Uo om ckasan 6x1 0 cHO- elf noamo6nennoii cectpe, yanzes e8 nocrapesiylo, onaxiaio- nywo KoHsmHy MyKa? (Om epasy oremxiynes: «Ppausiunbe, 25 anrycra 1933 roma. Celiac noxysn ‘THO miebMo ¢ HapecTHeM © emeprH Ce- p&xu. Odes aie ero ath —He m0GH OW MENS CIO %KUHS, HO CrpaUIaR ‘eMeprs co cen npsinanpser!.> ro ox ekasaun Os 0 en0eli noamtoGien- Noli cectpe, cocrapusiielics, oLtaKHBaN0- tieli ero cobernentyio emepts » 1939-n? Beero sroro Koxcranrui Anapeemi ‘Conon ne yortzen, 160 ¢ 1924 roga n 0 Kona ait s Tapioxe. 3nawenrsti ‘onnHOKu ono: Tacna, oe nie ipo SSaeewpaee orcs goa Scepocnscnore men Nyce serpy. [re isironoppere {A.Canoaun a 8131 ‘cree Avgpeuns Goo (1868-1939), €-terepye. Fyerwbau oreh ong 101s. AT. Oeayeoe Stine 135 NOZMMUCKA HA XKYPHAJT WOWM Ha noute: no Katanory «Pocneyatun» ungekc 73325 — 75 py6nev 3a Homep (6e3 4OCcTaBKi). B c6epxacce: mbrorHas nognucKka no npunaraemoii KenTaHUNY — 95 py6neii (c qocraskoii). BoinucanHbii xypHan penakuna HanpaBiAeT B Bal AQPeC 3aKasHon GaHgeponbio. - ~* Kowrponsisiht snwcrox nonnwcKa i vase Soe ati Harwowosane nonyarern eres; 900 "Konan "Pogmua-npecc” i A wir 7704587977, Hn 0401001 5 wer nonysarenn nave -49702810900740093058 i Hanwerooarne 6a ‘2A0 *TMOBOKCBAHK™ é ‘ByMK: 940525243 Kopp. Cver. 30101810000000000243 ela Mavens peers rLS TH £ |g az = Sea 6 |3 =] 1 Pivovar "Pom 7 = Soounnap, «Tou rene HAC 10% 5 iS es reais mere Cine Sse] ‘Srnxonoie cSophi wcronocTs NoarWcmt He BXOAKTH oMnasHERRTER CTRETANO > . ‘aerenay (ox ers rs © TENTAA Sg Z i Hamenonaere conyarerm mavens; 000 "Kownawmn*Ponnne-npecc” : wn z704s87977, nT 7To4ot004 glo wer nongsarenn anaes sgvoz810900740093054 at Hanweroaarive Sans: '3AQ "TROBSKCEAHK" mo ‘MK: 944525243 Kopp. Cver: 30101810000000000243 5 finavemunc 2a FF eR pee Se SRR MEIN eg EI] o ae Eas ce £512 Ble 7 Ropar "Pomen ocranco uae HOO a ‘scaournap, 9 You rene HAC 1% gilé gr ae ‘Boero xynnave, (9 r4 AAC 10% [annonce cEopti 8 cTONMOETs NOARNCHA Ne BXOART M ONnaSIORGTER eTAGTLN rena er Aopozue yumamenu! MockBH4n MoryT KyniTs € 1993 no 2003 20d xypyan «Poduxa» usdaean doxymenmansHoe npunomenue wypHan «Poanian 3a 2005 «Memownux. Ha e20 cmpanuyax 6einu Hanevamaxel meicauu uAmepechelWiux do- kymenmos. Oco6oe ehumanue Yumamenedi npuenekanu HoBble pacceKpeveHHele Ma- ‘mepuants u3 Apxuea Npesudexma Poccuitckoui Pedepayuu, Komopere ny6muKoBanucs 8 «lcmoynuke» coznacio pacnopaxenus Mpesuderma PO Ne 403-pn om 25 wiona W 2006 roast 8 upNeHHOM KHocke 3A0 «Pognna-Mpecc» 1994 zoda. OdHaKo no puxancosbim coobpaKeHuAm Goiewee pykosodcmeo mypHa- 8 BectuGione cr. merpo a peuluno npexpamums esinyck «Mcmoynuka». Nocne smozo pedakyua nonysuna «llywxnnekany, ‘Maccy ompuyamensHsix omxnuKos. Mlosmony, coenacoeas eonpoc c AdMuAucmpayu- ei Mipesudeima, coamecmuo c Hawlunu akademuYeckumu napmaépanu 6eino peuie- Ho e0306x08ums usdaHue «BecmHuKa Apxuea Npesuderma PoccuitcKo Gedepa- yuu». OH 6ydem seixodums pas s 209, wa nepasix nopax Hawu Yumamenu cHoeym npuo6pecmu ezo 8 pedaxyuu xypwana «PouHa». B dansHedwen 6ydem opeaHuz0- eaHa nodnucka vepe3 nowmoasie om@eneHu. 160m nocne 3-nemHez0 nepepsiea asiuien @ c#em Hoasili Homep «Becmnuka Apxu- 4a Npesudexmay. OH nocaruyéy 100-nemuro co daa poxdenua Teonuda Vnsuva Bpem- #He8a u YenuKoM OcHosan Ha yHUKansHeix GoKyMeHMax U3 20 NUYHO20 apxUEa. «Becmmux Apxuea Npesudenma» kavecmeeHHo u3daH, npeKpacto unniocmpuposaH. Te, Kmo uxmepecyomca ucmopueii cmpants 6pexnesckoli anoxu u muuKocmbO JIM, Bpexseea, mozym npuo6pecinu Hoasil asinycx «Becmnuxa Apxuea lpeaudenmar 8 pedaxyuu xyprana «Podua». Cmoumocms xypHana 6 pedaxyuu — 350 py6neul. Mo sonpocam npuobpemenua o6paujaimece no menepony (495) 203-45-36 (Coemnana Muxaiinoana Bycyéx). 4MTARTE B CHEAYIOWEM HOMEPE Buwmanne! Ecru penakyna npucsomna sam nnwneidi Homep, oBsgaTenbHo yraxuTe er Ra Poccus —Typus: Ormersre npononxurenbHocTs Bawel noAnHicKH no MeCRUAM: Pe ee Cosmecrnesii npoexr xypHana ‘Ponuna> u mexaynaponHoro ynerypio-wirTennexryaneHoro «Pogmia» 2007 roa xyprana «2nanor-Espasise O6uyHoCTe espasniicKon cyab6ut @ Noxanyiicra, YéTko 3anonHuTe B KBMTAHUMN rpadbl C Wctopus xynetypHoro damunveii uv anpecom. cocegcTBa apyx crpak @ Onnarure 8 C6ep6anke u sbiwnnre B anpec penaKynn sores bouieoe (127028, r. Mockea, Hoebili Ap6ar, 19, oTaen noanucKn Pocalas wlypuiaa >KypHania ) KOHTPONbHBIMA AUCTOK C yKAsaHVeM 3aka3aHHbix HOMepoB xypHana. Oniir nctopan @Cei4ac MokHO OcopmuTe rogoByio nognucKy Craatapteras Esse Ha 2007 ron, nopnucky Ha sTopoe nonyropne 2006 ropa wn Ha m1060e KOSIMYeCTBO HOMepOs STK nepunonloe. . Nawnonrwoce Ha xypHanbi npeauecTayioulx net arpa eee Seeie Heo6xonMMo Nony4uTe NOATEEpxKAeHHE HANNS Hx rocynaperecniee 8 penakuwn. ovis encion mpegcrasnrenm Kynbrype! [RPACKH BOHHH! Baap APMEEB ITH JIA KATIA — TTMIIIA HATIIA OTIOA 0 BOCHHO-HOJeROL bl ‘€Tb Outta croponia poctutoit zexren- ocrH, RoFOPO npaxrHTNECKIC He caetes conpeMenHax Boenitan suerepany- a, — 910 noeHHO-noeRAN KysmIHApiR (yx). nents 8 1000. apse spa cos 4a eTpeaser He Kaa ex, a my pnunnaer exerntenuo, xa ona pan CraGxcerne nposososeraxen covpe- eso Poceickit apa o6eenesnaer npostoponscraerian cnyaa. Crew 8 raxoma, 170 ona nocTossiHo naxosbEreH wa «Goevon exypermen. Ips ec ‘coumry na yseusiEx MoaGio MpocTiTe ka roto mponax wmexce na wenpanne me, To B exysae € mparosamcTBeiMoi ayo oumitict tenopanma: «roe vereno ceroan, norepano napceraa» “roGis npescrasir,¢ akan Ob Ea ‘mit npozosoncranx upixosires paGo- rath aot cay, oBparmncs x pyccxon psn nana XX nea, Cyrostas Hops, nlorpeGnesnix wica (a 8 imeparopeKort Apa 970 ncksmowTeno1i roaziia 6e3 xnerelil) ux minxnero sama (pexoRnte, yurep-ofameps:) cocrannana 1 yur. uecb w tater w kavecTne epi neca He- rnomsyerex pyecnutt yt — 409.5 rpane sua. Crpoesaa pora Toro Bpewent cocTos- sa ns 240 supiaun unnoR 14 odtepoR, cootmercTmenio B cyrKit ell TpeODRAIOC foxon 100 Kr seca, HAH cxUKH GhIHOK, B. TOMY, KAK HOBECTHO, TAKHX CYTOK 365. B wawasie XX weka coujierb4 em sepe- BRIMISIM 10AKKAMEL 3 HONITETAEBEIX KO- TesIKOR, 2 KLIN 4 AKOMMINMERX (CTLIAR amIoMmnHta, Mea, xpemnua) amex ‘zapox (sapka npuntepxo 120 rpanncunie- ‘oii nonsi), Do Hasetsaoce rorza «mpo~ AOBOTKCTRCHHAN YTRApb B chapsmxCHAL TiexorHuua», AmOnmEHERYIO Mocyay B apvut eae @ 1897 roay. Cnoero amto- ‘Mat ® Poceums Toran ie 6x0, uatemICe AMM Tak Hassissente nepenenownese 12- BOM, KoTODEIC paGoram Ha mmnoprHoM weranne, He aHam Toro, mpexes au TOT Mera mpm ucriomsonariH ero B kaveotse nocyast. Ho yore » 1899 roay ne- xero Xoxoscxuii sameract anccepraiano A covcKaKMe yuéuoli cremenH aoKTOpA enmugn Ha Temy: «lTceeaORarne B Ca- ITapHoM orHowemm xovenKo w dynar Monesan nyxun Kpacroi apnn wo epenn polenoworx yrenh, 1938" TAK, KyXxHe YS cmapos amomnrata, KaK mpeANETOR ‘cuapsoxeaux conzaray. Ou noxasa, #0 ZnpH mpurorosacan ear 8 TaKOH nocyze ‘sully nepexouviz0 neGomsuoe ommr4e~ (cIBo merazuta, ne mpessumapuee «hOH0- oro» KommmYeCTBa ATTOMNIHIER, cOnepER- ‘MeroCa s BONE H PACTEHHAX. Ho aaxe nocae speena nérxoHl asio- orauicsofi nocyam noamii nec cHapsoxRe- Hs nexormuua pyccroil apni cocras- stan 29,75 xr (Cros BxomUI Genbé, nop- ‘TRIE, opyaule H mporOBONbCTHEHHR YT= saps). Jax cpasnens: (ypasiyyscxuit ie xoTutfey Toro ypeNteHt TauLT Ha ceGe 21,5 xr, repNautexnit —~ 23,9 wr B noxone w To wpewsi cosaar Hée cyxoit nag: Qynr orvapHol rosaaun 2 dystra cyxapeit wa 2,5 ans, nosri SO rpawat co- mi # sky owt — 700 rpantns Ho pepuéwes i Hann. ObIKaM, nO- crymapumis 8 pory — tyaa, rae mpoxo- OMBCTEHe pacnpenesAUlOCk VAC € TOU HocTHIO 10 KOAKPeTHOrO conara. Cax MBIN THABHIN B 9TOM seme ObLt KanTe= Hapuye. On oTeait He TO.IBKO 38 pac pesexeHie MponOnOsbeTaHA, HO x 38 coctoxnie oGmyxiusposanna, OGecte4e~ 101 ne QypaxoM, xpaxenne m cocrosume -misMoTo opyxta conzar. ro xe MOMAraLTOcs execTs pxxoBoMy Gotiny » ct 8 ravane nexa? [Ipnsexé eyrosiyio HOpMy MpotosomscraHs 1899 roay: pacanxx cyxapeli— L dyn 72-sonorunka (717 1) mm xe prxanio- ro — 2 dyna (6) 48 soxormon (3)° (10241), kpynst 24s (102 r), nttca caeare- 101d 409,51) nam 72 3 (307 F) exer oneepsos, com — 1s (50 1), wacna cammposHoro i caza 5.3 (21 1), toaGon- tosiolfayxut 4 (171), vaio 1.536.410), eaxapy 53 21 1), nepua Ng 3 (0,7 r). O6- mii nec cex MponyKTO®, nonysaewix ntan comaarom » em, — 1908 r ‘Xno6 asMeKaex B reKapHAK, pactio- [OKEHMBIX B MeCTAX HOCTOSHHOItsIHes0- aunt sacrei. Tonessie rexaptin Ost sacaeat 8 1888 roay. Jax muinesKn He THoMS0namIC pykallan Myka cpestiero “Sonor — 4266 r wn 1/96 dyer Haseaine Moversreccome sar nn nenvontol sonorot ( Meno: na om@enenere npodykmer ‘numanun u mosapss « Mockee, oney XIX eexa. Bymsinaa sodku — 60 koncex, yum 2onnunsi — 17 xoneer, 2edp0 nopmorpens — 40 noneex, 3-nunednas audmooka — 23 py6ns, pesonsaep — 17 py6neii 50 xoneen, iménnsiecanoeu — 4 py6s 20 once, easenss — 1 py6ns 13 xoncex, rnonyuyon —3 py6m 10 noneex. 102 poguna 3-2007 ‘araps noa Momalicnon, Gor onto. Ans60N “GE aparyuean Brannnpenit rons. 1885 PIAKD A, Anston atenouposznce ‘ Bucrasouvon sane Qeaepanvia apxie0e ‘ HeNaBpe 2006 = aveape 2007 owoma, a TaKKE BONA, ApORCKN Ht COMB Buincemaraioe Tecto hopmnposa.tu 8 wit Re mapa H craBKAM B pyccKy!O now. Bees npontecc rororki Tecra uuuIex pimepno 34 aca, Hs aToro x1e6a cy- unans i eyxapa. Hajo orwerstt, 410 ZU TNTAHAA cOMIAT cyxapH BBtaaBameD Mtb & C@MOM KAMEN CHy'Ae, TAK KAK x aCTOe MC OOWIBKOe HeMOMsOBarME NOTZO MIpiBeCTH K HeraTHRHIN MOCIEI- ceTBum. 3To XopoMo BxizKO, Hampmnsep, 13 TENETPANDISL NOMABLAYIONUETO Mal "KYPCKOM apm 30 mpenta Pycexo-smon. Kol! soft wocraomy anemcrpy: «..8ce olicka ne spews micramtcn meuéaene xaeGowt, mparoroneHm B oseDsmX TNOABICKTIX TeKapHin, ew w O6BscuseT- enoroyrereme p apwin cyxapHoro nowo- a, HecMoTps Ha canie neGnaronpusT- ble KMBATHTYeCRHE YenORIE...) Comxar Conercxoii apyennr 1950 rony nnonyast » ens 900 rpasne xne6a (500 r [Paxanoro 1 400 r muesnsaroro). B ero cy- oii naéx BxOuIUMH TonbKO pxKaHBe CYXA~ puta ays L-ro copra — 700 r m ey. lance » aneatone panpione croano «stco aceon. Kax yxe OTMeNAIOCE PAHee, B ycenoii apamit nonom0naracé TOmbKO ToBAIUIA, B TO BEA KaK, HaNpIIMED, ® repwauicnofi emé cmmama 1 Gapsxuna, Bosmoatio, oObACKAIOeS TO TEM, #10 B Pycoxoii apa CHyAKHIO HeMaNO «HO- [Beptien, B 4acTHOCTH Mycymbncas (ix Ha suisanm Tora «varoweraney). Kocven- BIN TlOMTBepAHeHMEN 9TOM ruOTeSKL ceuyautr Tor Garr, #70 Ha Gasxax y mpapo- ‘cuasabix Osa asin «Ba epy, aps orevecrso», a y mmonepues «3a Hapa Bo Bpeues mocra Maco M1 nposas exo Poseas Mma commaraM He AaBANCe. Msco samenstocs puIGoll, cmmpomi0e ‘Macato — nlocTHBIM (PaCTITENBHEIN). B Coserexoii apna roa psiGoli ox Mamack, MpeKe BETO, MOPCKAX: XeK, Muurail, cena, ® uapckoll — pesHas ‘osépuas. ame pcero oma piiaaBanace 8 nubte cHereon. CeroHa 310 sa6BrT0€ Hae ‘snare, KoTOpOe, cKopee, xapaxtepusyer cctocod npnrotosiens, weacem Bi pI Gu. Cuerkn — oro Menken oxépuax it esnas psiGa, xoTOpad cHavaa ARATeR ‘Ma perpy, @ nloToM ocyuumsaerea » pyc~ cckoii nes, npHo6perax ocoGxsit nome o-nevénbil Bkye. Oco60 yemumuce Ge- tosépexite cHeTKH. B nawate mpouiioro nexa mcuse 1 MacopacrutenbHBic KOHCepSM Hoes nipoxoe pacmpocrpantene m pyccxirx Bolicxax. Ocrtosseit MoHOTONDIEIM| 10- cerasuuikont Guo rou AsuGep. Jas nya APMIN BLINYCKANOCH HeCKOADKO BILIOR NNaleHBIX KOHCepBOD 13 rons: «OKape- Hag ronnai», «Pary (ryaam) 13 ropa IMHBD) HW micopacrerrenbinie: «UL cus ‘con, «Topox c wacos», Machble x01 cepaht paciaconbnaich m 2KecTaHKe Gan aammapiecKoti opus (oxee- ‘vaxxa). Cpox xpanteHna KOHCepROR On pexenutes mpocro — «noxa ne npopaca- Tlerox 2004 rosa oxcnemiuvss Zour pit Llnapo nexpsuna cxxay npoxosos rans, sanooxeuiult pycexnM rosapubi uceaeaonatenem Sayapzos Toes ce no 1900 roma no spews axcnesmaH a nyse «Bapa> nowceax Beno Canct- ona, Ha noxyocrpone Talinaip, sbice Teno Tons 2aexs 8 nesnyio wepsno- ‘Ty pose mposero 48 Gasiox MacopacTa- ‘TembuBrx KOHCepHOB «I © MCOND. Bor enyeTH eTo e JMNM se HB 9TOrO pupoaworo xoaoamunsannsa (renmepary- a B BeMHOll NepszoTe mpaKrusecKt xpyrautt rox 37°C) soueepstt Guan 13- AMIeveHBL JOCTABEHB! 1M HeeResOBA- ux p Moexay. Bit nponeaés xpo- Guonornsecxultasamie 21x KOHCepHOR, pesyuisrar — eoctosiite nieasioe. B Coverewoi aps cepemmis XX ne- x RNIGOP NACH KOHCEPBOR GRU Hp: ‘orexecraennie «Maco TyméH0e», «Fons uma orpapuak ® coGcrscHHOM CORY, ‘eMlaco napéoe», «Mico 2xapenioe; nopmase «Kopx-bud, «Canumia 3 co6cr- estiow. coxy>, «Caution Gowox, «Kar ‘acai bapuy a 2 “engp norosopas o cxexyrouteli nak- nefimeli cocranasiomsei paniona pyccKo- ro contata — xpyne. B antemvoli HopMo- ‘aave conara » 1900 rosy xpyna cocras- ‘aura 24 sosotumxa (102 1), 10 paso inpiepio nonoBtie coxpesesor0 cra ana, 3ameriv, so npupeaéunas panee cyTo‘as naa nposOsONECTEN 8 HaType npeayemorpeii s118 poestioro BpeMent (apnras or 1899 rosa), a ye 1904 ray a oi po6a nnn. Ars6ou «9-8 rpevanepcen Cape revepan-genfnapuan enc 1917. PIANO Anuow xcnowposan Bucrasounon Sane Qeaepansis apsneos ReXabpe 2006 — nvbape 207 Hopwa no xpyne Gou1a ysesmvena 0 32 SOIOTAMKOE B eM (KK GuLI0 0 >TorO ‘Toxo Ais ofimepon) 108 poiteK, 40 90- JOTHEKOR LIK rsapuur 48 aU0K TypKe~ ‘craneKoro mt CitGupeKoro BOeHHBIX OKPY- ros. His kpyn sapain xaun, xoropsse, KaK TNpARv0, TOTOBIUUCS BA Pasa R sIeHb, onesas yes na noon noma. Anson ci rpenagepct CrBnpca reepar-peniywapusna senwcoro HARE Huconan Hnvonaebwes onto. 1917 r. PIAKOD, nocxombxy miraHMe 9 aps 610 yx pasoasi (oGea m yaa), na sasrpax — ‘Tomo wait x1e6. Kpynsi axrnio 206a- iAH 8 nepenie Gvora, 8 sacTHOCTH, & sug xaprodpessut yn B pycenoi apaant 100-nersexanuoors uctiomsonalich eaeaytonye Xpyn: NO Gems, onosuas,rpesienas, se0ax, npo- cman (mn). 3a eeadrarysnyo Ke kant» nosTaacs xpyna: noaesKas Tosopa cospenenisi ss8iKox, 910 re ia. aren copton. B okeTpeHHsx ctry- Aus KpymBt osBoaxOCb SaMeHATS P= con, roTOpsil kak «erparern eck po AYKE Bapsunt He neniosgoBaeR. B Conereroi apa » cepeaume XX PRIMA 3-2007 103 eka no comtarcxoMy naisy wonaraoce 140 rpanowos Kpymt (noni 32 aor 1a), Tak o6pasoM 3a 50 ner no xpyre oGecnevenne corular He yenGImNIOCt. Onmaxo nomesnuoes ornontenue x pucy. B ofpumepexn, kypeautroxan x nr aii aX pile wbutessuies oTcmBHoi CTpOKOlL Tax, xypeanTexut nak 1950 roxa conep- -xaut: Kpyna paasiar — 80, pure — 40 7 10 -iBrwomy nalisy —90 1 50 r coormercrmen- no. [To yaeastiowy aocy puc sata maven raytoulce nonexxente cpexit xpyTr, 8 Cy ‘ToxHoM Zosoaseram jut xuarKel peak Tums aBHANNME ZOMmEMpoRAN: xpynia rpesnienax —20,; xpynta nepnopas — 10, xpyia arta — 5 r (toro 35 1), prie— 50, 910 oGscuseres He TosbKO HaReCT oi queTuveciuaMn cHolicrHaNH 9TOM [KpyIu, Ho e8 necoumenmAN MpeMMY Ie (CIBON 0 EAKOCTIE PHC KPAHHTOR HA BO- etx exaaaiax 0 TpEX ser, 8 TO BpeNE 104 pogmna 3-2007 Crononan souscxoit wacr, 1968" PAK, sak rpewa Tpedyer sani: wepes 18 we cmeB, a meno — sepes nonrox. Ema ToTosiVTact B KOTAK 1a KOCTPe (8 noxoxenix yeatosvor) 1m ® pyccxoii new, Tlepsbié MoxommKe Kyxt nOsBH [Mee TorBKO 8 PyCCKD-soHCAVIO BoitHy. ro nonesas xyena Typuanonisa (nareNrt 1907 roxa). Ona mvcaa asa not7a, pacrio- OKEMLHBIX HA OxMOOCHO¥ moaoaKE Ha zuma HIEK- ‘ux HHS Ha 10 senonex (1891 roa). Cpasy samewy, 70 Ha 10 senosex napi- a0} pexpo cya (uteif) na oGex. B wore sasmtma.1a seapo noms, 6poca- an 5 dynos (npunepao 2 xr) aca, ver ‘eprs Besipa KalleHoll KanyeTEt, KpYELE (oscanoii, rpesienoit nam xuncaolt — cxombKo TpeOyeTem {UIA BKYCa I ryCTO- ‘Tp, ostTopa craxasia wysat (noxpyeta) 4M Menommstl crakak com, s1YK, nepeu, stappoauilt met — no axyey. Bor 970 GouIM HacTORMMe connaTcKHe WH (sonore: ume ga Kama — mina 1a ta). Yepes Tpit vaca nempo melt © Bn ont or Koerpa roroso. Kax aieuns, 8 comarciatx pycerix nex ero ner nasa ne 6x20 wot KApTONIKH, HHL Homwiopos. Borryromee muexe, #70 Kap ‘Touika — sropoit xe6, x pycoxofl apyutit wavasta XX ska He MMeET HHKAKOTO OTHO- ness, Kaprospene » pycewoii apa pit cyTeTHOSET MUS B ONHOM GoOe — ® xaprogemmuost cyne. B10 BpeNs Kak B Coscrenoii apni exesiesiax Hopwa aprodeas zx consar 8 1949 roxy cocra- suera 500 Tpamwoa, a nopune cya Ha ‘0Gea — npmepuo 0,7 surrpa, Tipu stom sum cyna Oxia npamixTa cueayroutan pac- roraaxa (1a 10 sestopeK). Boa — oKa10 seapa, nico — 700 r, Kpynia — 400 1 (oxam0 2-x eraxatioe), mya — 100 5, Mop oss — 200 r (oma Goxbuuax MopKORKa), 2xup — zo 100 r (nosmasit Maca B com Penenmioii daconke), yx — 100 5 oc ‘Tambuste oom (kanyeTa, oryput) —2,2 xr Tpit nagnsim kopetsen 1 secu (ae ‘Tpymnn, nacrepHaxa, cesbslepes) 1x pac- xoxonamH na nepsbie Garora no 100 rma 10 sentouex. Hy H nosexpa Kaproms Kpone Gnion, yxeanuierx metine, B uap- CcKHX wolickax & oGwarensHOl paszate Gvum ropoxositi cyn, amma, xpyras Ka- la Wa Yat Kaunwa (Hampuacep, rpeH ‘Mepag kalla-pannsanaa). B cyst oGsarensHo knasen cuexue am eyméusie osomt: mpuseepno 250 r cHeKINX ium oxoxo 20 r ey ORO ‘eli, Brepsuie » pyccwoit apsunn Gonee- ewer peryauxpHo cyiéuble HMMOPTHBLE BOM cTamH crOmsoBaTE BO BpeNA psivcxofi xan 1856 rosa. B KOKILE XIX — nauane XX nexa si eat o°- BOWTIE 1X MPoHsBONCTHO, MpMEN Cy Tlie He TOMMKO cResKte, HO H KpaUIeHIe ‘nou — kanyera, cBEKa, JK. Cyuteersosazo » erapofl apy 1 110- HATH «eHLTEHHOTO NPHRAPOSHOTO OKA Za», ovopsili mpessimran oGhrsHii Ha 50 npouesron. Kpove acero, comaraM Kae 5 DMHDHOE, TAK HB BOCHHOE BEN RBLIABA- {TaCE BHEHax Toplist — nomyapxa Butt, ‘Ho raxax zueli» roay Gex0 cero seas ‘ew autres wMeparopa, uIepaTpHIH, Tlacxa, Poxexeerno Xpacrono wt, Visre- eco, s10 2 1802 roay kexaowy canary BrocmHTae eACIHeBHO BAIARRALTCH tap xa sina (120 r) a xpyrxka mma (1,2 2) Kax nayane, Tax 1» copesine weKa 1a ppeNet koMaHJUApOBKH ComgaT Honysas1 ‘Tak HasuiBaewBte KOpMoBEte nenTH. TIpHt nepesisipkenH 110 keneanoHt Topore OF coctamasat 16 romeex na xaxaBe 300 séper nyt (mipunepHo 320 x1). 310, ne- OsTHO, Opuna HopMa mepexBInKeHHA B YTKIC To xKesesHOfL aopore naccaxup- ‘uae roeaton (8 1950-e rom 970 600 Kat mpostoRonscrHeHHo-nyreaiie (KOpMO- sue) eusri 8 py6reli 90 xoneex), Pac- Xoll STHX aewer crporo peniameHTupo- savies: 11 womeex 1a o6ea, 10 S— na:aan- pak i yu, B Conercxolt apa o6e: ve omxex Gti npemuimars 4 pyOns, Kopsossie ssutiasueaict i npH pec Keapruposanum Komana y oOuBarexeii (ceaa ue Gei0 csoGoaHt kasapyt). Tipit OcraHionke Ha Hosner Xo3sexa JomATEEL Gst1M KopweTs contara Raa: ReUe- PON B eH mpuGsrTHS H yrpOM Hepes uicryntexuteat. CrowT saneruT», 70 kopMosie yrmepacnaCs exeroaHO 2 saoKazoii ryGepar cox. Ho ecm cosine Tat Howasaa axan06y ounepy 1a ayp- Hoe Wit HerocTaTOANO OGuAbIOS HATE He, To XOSKeBAM MOTH OTKABATH R ILIA ‘Tea yeayrn, go6poconecrtM 1 X:1060- comseisiw rxera, wafporis, mora Gore | yocimsena, Ho sepréucs cuona x axxnelimeny npoaysry muraiia conaara — x1e6y, Xane6 w Pocean Ty Hlopy Karacenu{po- ‘sures Tak: put parao, noBence (ma lem HoHMaKAN — xIe6 men 2-ro copra), Gentil n «corr» (abteurero copra). Besyesi0uHo, oH exLIaHo patea no axycy 1 ten, B poste ox CTOHLT cO- ormetermeni0 2; 2,5; 3 46 nonce 2a iy Ecrectaeio, » apaint mex 1186 «pa Hoit npocroit spasiioy. pau pkaiyio -Myky epesero riowoa, peace Bcero, On eae e& wxmmwiocrs. Eel CAAA & rTopeTs Myka nocae paskarix mabe pac chinaaes, 310 mpiseax cyxolt MykH, Eu ocranaiiacb ® Bile KoMA, sOTOpHA ero Pasnasuastes, TO aya cpemelt mDKn emu. Fea xe Kom mpexctamti coGoit aoTHyIO Maccy u passaniBauiea ¢ TpyHON, ka ebipas, Ha nuantesxy xcte0a wer My- a eyXax u cpeaneit sxaxtocr, Cicayio- uti Korpoampyessait napawerp — cne- 2xECT MVE, AM ITOTO MleMOTEY HyKIO Mout sozoli — y cnexelt uper Byzer evens, y temanot TEND Cronosan sourceod wacrn. Sconces poumix usqemi, Bor, toxanyii, wac8 10 Sacra cpa ochowinix mirpemnet ron yroumux malxop pyeckix cons € oom pyccnnit conaar mwex » exo pastuiuel #50 set nepsol onoRvis pausowe 250 r onoutel, 0 cosercxill— XX cronenus, JJoGasins, x0 onxexsiol 820 5, na Hx S00r —xaprorpeab, 170r— crpoxoii y cowerckoro commara m cyto ranycra,eRé wopzose — "no 40 5, won ooanzeraretonra axopea (201) yx — 30 r ropeuta, sete, orypusi — 3 nopodxi cmitiex 8 won Obupt wee 40 Towns npmeyrernomasm m ate To- naiixa —-2 xr 266. Tan O6pan0M Dad artoimaers (zen) Bcerapoiiap- mma 8 wecenalsos nt 350 1 #0970, wo, Kak Mas zone, conaar ronyvan Gesyenosto, 3a car xaprouix npivepio 20 1 naexa, » Copetexoi — ro me kacaeren naenelt,KOMTOTOR, 30, cana nim sonGirxupa n 20 8 eas cjxodppyrtoe, 0 Ody sara pacrtenstorewaena,a race 20, wana~_ = 1949 roxy Toba conta, ya Peyent knaccuveckoro xsaca Packsaaxa wa 25 sxe rorosoro Keaca. Beco npowecc npurorosnenia woxo pas- |_ Reno TpkTexionoraseckie onepaui: npureroanenie cyena,apiroroane ic ona- Ds nnonyvenne coGcraeraupaca. Han novaR06sTcacnesyiouie Murpeamen»2y- fa pxaHOM myo 6 nynoe ewAHOR H rpeswesoit nyk, no 2 rapa AM Or0 MaHoro conona, 3 rapHla conoga nuleHnsHore, 4 calaa RpoxoKed, 1 yi MATE. | Aaa purorosnenns cyena skaayuuky saesinaen sco pwaiyonyky, aeck conog no 4 Qyira nutennsnon w pees myst. 3anneaen >To HeGoneun's KonnvecrBoM TennoH 80a, Metzen, «ToGu nonysnace rycran TecroobpaaHan vacca. B ay KapKy anveaen 2 yryeca unr (nnpos 10) n paseumsaen Ao paskoMepxol xoxccrenti BepEM 4 ayryria, vanweaen @ aH Mo KOBLyxONORHOTK BORE H pAckaRLEdeN NO HAM Fy ly kapyunn, Uri cTashm 8 pacronnennyo neve H rncTHo ef sexpuieaen, epes cyte» kann syryHok nonvsaen rEnnol Bogs Ao CaNOrO Repxa w NacraMBaeM B Te- ‘ehine nonyrope-peyx ¥acos. Ms wyrysnoe nomyenhyo Maczy RepenMeaeM B KAnKY HxO- owo nepenewnsaen. Jaren snnsaen 6 seapa xunsTa, Haba xopowO BCE nepeMed- Baen. JoGasraen 8 seep xononHol sons. Mae, kotna ac¥ orcrorca, Pexonenayer- Ca nanomums 8 Kany KyCOK nena Aas aysuero eycrORD. Koya CHC GTCTONTCA — BOT 310 m ecre cyeno. foToshm onapy (saKBacny, nopBn_N). B 4 KoBwa YcTORBMETOCR cye~ ‘na (sayepmesaen ceepxy) scunaen ocrasunecs 2 dyita nulenisnoR v2 ya rpet Nedovt mykn, Bneaen Tyaa 4 crakava apowo\eh, paaMeuegen u crapim 87808 Nec- 70. 310 w ecre onapa. Oka pona noANATeCA. |. Monga eyena conspiietine Jerourcn, nepenwazen us kan 12 odiaep (hénepewe- wean) # 25-sézephyo Gosny w Tyna xe Chivsaem noqHmaulyiocs onapy. Ha ocraawe- fen 8 kate TecTO w3-nog cycna nmBacn 12 eégep xonOANON sop, pasHeUMEaeNt He ‘xonoKo pas, aan yeronTeca w cnieaen e 25-séxepnyio GouKcy. BepEM HeMHOro KBa- Cy, wragés 8 Hero yk ars, xnnsTAM, OcTyxaeN i BaNBaeH (npOueNHEaR) 8 Gow | ny. Bovny aaxpsisaen. Yepes asa aya xeac roros. Lis PonMMA 2-2007 105 »omangumx wecruocrax (158 2cH),@ ‘Taioke cynopoatan rypeattran. Tlo roc- rnxranbiioMy nalixy —20 r» nem, Ho pycexoll apy Gsut0 neé-raxn 5 nueranm o1H0 ceps8aHioe mpemuymect- ‘0: COMET MOF Ts O¥eHT NHTOTO seacy. Ero conaar mor ynorpeGaxrs & seb He ‘cxombxo craxanon, Ormmwenbias 0¢0- Genuiocrs oF cospenemsioro Knaca — nronttoe oreyrerane caxapa B nauase XX nexa Poccus wanGoxee epoarin mpoTBMKaNa 8 TAYE nofivax curraya Tepwannno, Aacrpino 1 paso. Hewewsaii conmar nonysan 3 nex 750 F pkatioro x7eGa nant 500 r ey- xapel e mmueunHoH wy Tues na x aasanes 8 spy papwaNTax, Tax Hastie acwas waa m Gormuex mesa, Maar soraanatace, ecm nolicka CTORIK B rap- lamouax, a» nosenuix yonOsWeK, Ha enpensGax, masopax monaramace Goas- ‘uaa java, B nocsezyiouje omc 10 x@xomy ninpennerry naiixa sax Gym abaTs va SHEA: NepBoe cooTSETETBYET ari, sropoe — Gomnuolt zase. Vrax, nuaco cuspoe — 180 r,250 x Hierepecuss “rpeOORaHIMK K CKENEMBIM 2KHBOTHBI Bonu w xopossi, nowiexamne 226010, ‘nosxnnt Gurr He Nextee 400 Kr 2kHDOTO 106 roquua 3-2007 eca » nospacte or 2-x a0 7 aer. Bapan. He mestee 40 kr, caHEBH — or 75 10 150 xr ' nogpacre oT rosioaitist a0 nozyTopa ser. Boawoxtia Gsuia savena etiporo waca onudinnn cat caiom (120 ¥, 200 r) om cunt konLcepBaMit (100 F, 200 1). Onomeli crpysxonsix (60G0puxx) — ro- pox, diacams, sevenua — 250 1, 250 r om p koncepeax — 150 r, 150 r Onomm [MoxHo Ghi10 saMenTs puicons, OBC, rpewtenoil nam sewenoit xpynoit — 125 1, 125 r wor kaprodeaes — 1,5 x. ‘Kavxasai neu comary pelixcsepa noza- ranocs 10-15 r>xapenoro (kax micanoce B ay nopy, xoKét0s0) Kode K 25 r coms. Lht- ‘are Gsut0 TpExpasosoe. Yrpoot Kode um cyn, o6ea, yun, [hay 8 noseasx ye- {HOBIE CO:AATDI FOTOBILII B KOTEIKAX, TO ers Kaxkastit camocrosresio. Kax si AWM, HeNeMKiGi naék Gin sHaMITETBHO ‘cxpontiee napexoro. To axe x ascrpuiicsai: xae6 prkavioli — 840 1, cyxapit muenurs- ute — 500 r, msico — 190 r, oaome 140 5; 20 r comm u 10 cana. Bo ¢ppaxuyacxoll apy emé Bo wpe= mena HanoxeoHoRcKix Bolt mEpOKo (Gen nnsioro cocrasa porst nonesuax Yenonnas. 1970 PrAKOM NHpUMeWAEIHC® MCHELe KONCEpHDE IC Nap- raps, B xavaxe XX nexa s rapssoxax comsar nomysan 750 r x1eGa, 300 7 waca no "q sacri anennoit nopu ode 1 caxapa. TIpx nepeasinxetsi noficx 10 -xexeavoli opore (saps eyxoro mai- xa) costar nate 100 r xonommanx wacmnx xowicepaon, 600 r eyxapelt, 5 recs 1 xO- de ¢ nonwoi (10, Kose n caxapa w-rpers supa soak ua weaonexa). B oGmen, B snopore (ppawuys6r Be rpyeTiANH ax ant miu, pycoratt na «Gore ‘30> no auxcy 1, Gesyesoso, no x106y. Ho PUI empanexmtBoCTH CTONT OTNETITD, ‘mmo comarexutt pycexnit 200 Ox ya ‘ero kavieerBa,TaK Kak HCMOMBSYeMIOH 8 ummesxn prcanag MyKa conepxcaa 10 15 npouestos orpySeli. Compesseunas zn ceronori cuuaer mpucyreTane B xne6e orpySeli yrs mit He ofmarexaiEne st anopoporo MIraHs, HO dGKONIOrH Toro _BpeMent samt, 0 orpyGut xoTs H-aKcHO- [NAIOT HeMTO TATATEABHAX SseMEHTOR, Ho wesoseecran1 akezyaxoo cOBEpIEAHO he nepenapusaioves, @ nOTOMY 8 mura ‘remsion mpouecce sansuoTes GautacTOM. Tima pycexoro connara Gxana rpy6a vs oGiuisna, Taxol conser wor no6ex0- | 2 T (PARYPC] 4 niall Cemén ORUITYT JIDIOTCA C OTHX OOTOIPAOMI OKEAHBI _ BHOTPA@HIL HAA CiP/ £8 2006 zody Poccullexomy zoo dapem- eentomy apxuey xuxodomodorywen: ms ucrnnapes 800 0 cso ues PIAK | rodeomosun euicmaeKy «Poccun. cmopua 8 oSvexmuae. 1850-1940, Nemopua Poccuu a gowax PrAK@ fs. B opeanuaayuu 2xena2uyuu Inpusnu yacmue u npedocmaaunu 3kc- fmonam u3 ceoux gondos foqdapem- send aprus Pocculexod Oedepayuu, onumexuveckul nyse u Mysed uo, €.26 dexa6ps 2006 20d no 28 sweapa £2007 2o@a abicmaaxa npoxoduna 8 Bac masovnom sane geGepansnex apxue0 8 Mocree Ha Bonswol Nypozoscxod ynu- te. Sxcnowuposaucs pa6omss maxux ‘acmepoe ceemanucu, Wax A. Jlewbep, ©. Jeauunull K. Bynna, J. Topodewvut, H, Ceuujoe-Mlaona, 6. Henamoauy, M, HannensGaye, 1 Ouyn. Ha esicmasee Ssinu npedemasnens nak Goxymenms, ‘ompaxaoujue pazaumue omevecmeen- ‘4020 donymenmanstoeo xukemaoepd- (ba, mare u_paBoms: xopupees smozo maxpa: . Bepmosa, 3. Wy6a, W Mocenséxozo, P. Kapwena, M. Fowa, 8. Epogeeso, M. Konanu, A. MeGaed- una. Boinyuen Kartange soicmaseu, 8 xomopom ysimeno. 443 xcnovama, 435 u3 nomopsxx xpannmen @ Gondax PIAK@A. Hayiuti pyroaodumens noo exma — dupermop PIAKOR Ml. Nl. Sonpsecesa. ‘Ans6ow esei6-reapayn Konno- Tenanepceni anna. 1899 Poguna 32007 107 By TOT AleHb, KOTHa BbICTABKa 3aBep- rma cBo10 paGory, He Ges coxarte- HA PASMOHTHPOBAB KCHOSHUMOHHEIE BITpHHBI, «apxnBHte Gapsuinsp» JTios- Mata Jlencona 1 Exena JTeGenena rion HeychINHsIM HaGmOneHeM xKypaTopa suictaakn Enenst KoocKoroii 1060810 W Gepexno naxonann 9xcnowaTEt, Mie Gbira npenocramiena yaMKamsHas BO3- MoxHOCTS ooGwiarEcs c papuTeramu. B anu6omel Gosburoro opMara, noaBue- xe koTOpEIx Ha Bosibu1olt [uporoacKoit crano nacroameli cencaumeli. jlaxwe ere UNAIHCTHE He OTOSpeBAaH, KAKHE CO- ponitta xpaiitres » apxweHBrx (bortax PYAK@/]. He cxpsisaa cBoero Boctopra, a nraasibinastex w crapste ororpadii, a B 970 BpeMa Ham MoTorpad Brxtop Tpmnox tpyazmrea, xa6st BBt, Haunt 20- porue wiraten, eMorn yanLIeTb (poTo- pacha, expisrie 8 ryGnie pockomiTsx anpGomos, KoTOpHIe sake HCCTeIoRATe- 24M, PAOOTAOUWM B MUFTAIBHOM 3aLTe PYAKQY], mixorma ne nixmores na py- at, (Kak mpasiiio, yuéuie poonyamterst OBOMBCTBOBATECK HEPHO-GeNIMH (pOTO- om.) Iynna wyssicanros nonxosoro ‘opmecrpa Kpacnsim suamewent, 21 wapra 1917 f opysink Kixxos co cooun ‘esanagutenain apyron — 9-noioson dyracnon Bonbon Anno «9-i epenagepcrnlt CuGupexuitrenepan- ‘genvamapwana wennnoro vounan Hukonan Huwonaeonea F Home>. Symmeunh yeaa | Bonsincxoi ryepaun. Mapr-anpens 1917 © 08 poqmna 3-2007 Anson wArarcanonét-rurar «Manca Topssi 1934 Bor m06paxenx ofpunepos eii6- sapanat Koro-rpenautepexoro nonka, cusrue » 1899 roay » osmamenonanne 90-neriero wGuzeR sacri. Hennocrs ipexpactio coxpanimiieroes amGoxa 3 oporo nepenaéte mHorokpatHo yer auRaeTea TEM HEMAZIORAHEIM OGCTOR- ‘TeCTRON, "79 JULCTBr HONKOBOTO a1bG0- ‘Ma. ykpamienbi RupryoaHbiNnt axaapens Mit kncrn Axoampa Hocudonnya Lap- semana — xynoxnua Ero Vomeparop- cxoro Beawieetaa, Ceponaras Oymara ‘TONCTENC ACTOS sparolteHHOro ankGoxta oguépkunseT ApKocTh aksapembuix kpacox. Briwurrect 8 puicysk, Ha KOTO PHIX saneyaTaeHst SMHZONK onKOBO!t 2AM, HH ONDIEL HES HU HHIKOTIIA He Pe nnpoayiweposasiea. Ha niopore HoBOTO, kal rocrioxa odntepst rosmpyior nepest horoannaparom ue BemaHOT, 470 90 xpymienws immepm ocraaocs meHee aby yeeeruerait. Comiuo cusem, ay'30x uepaem, ‘omuezo ae max cepdye sanupaem? A not mo xoiTpacty concem apyroit annGom noxkoniix dororpapuii, cKopee HanoMmuaiouili cROMMH HeCombunNOM amepaw He a0500M, a oGuIIMyI0 sa rucuyo xia: «9 rpentartepextili Cue Gupexuit renepar-eabimapmiasa nem ‘oro kristin Hirxosae Hnwenaesasa nome Hewseecrmnsii ororpaip coxpain ans Neropan s1utsoB1 Gy.KHsHo;t HoAKOBOMt ‘xa, @ wersecrHBI sleToMHCeN OGCTO- ‘sTeNbHO OMDcast SPeN At MeCTO 9TIK Me= ‘eKONKIIX srHOReHIHii B POKOBON 1917-4. Mai nian ostium noaxa 8 Bombinexoii ryOepHus, orpaxnénunie psutan Komo- ‘elf mpononoxst, oxons, samrrsie pecen= HUM HagoAKON, MoxCeM BTIATETECA BAO onoro nopyseKa, cHssiteTOCa B OOHTINKY 0 cHlapsion Gomsutoro Kast6pa. Ha epuancxoi eotine ‘moron myunu 6 yee, ‘4 nesecmy Opyzoit yenoKour. 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FIpoxomur sence yx ene, 3 anpensi dororpad cxuwaet pauayy nacxasbinx noaapos x 9-H pore. ‘Ylopes Heckosko sTueTOR atECoM sax acres, Passa apwinit 1 pacrbopuiposa- ne noma HAM YBAAETS He naHo, oni ‘cTopu yrpascr are a Gepy & pyxu Gomsmoti u TH ‘xan anbGoN ¢ piTuenarolt nazmucsi0: ‘«Borcuo Kpactioli Apaunr 2Kenesomy apromy Knunentio Eippemosuy Bo- pounutony oF Goliuos, Komananoro HH ‘Namberayioutero coctasa 9-it Kpsimckoii umes Cossiaprowa YCCP xasaaepti ccxoll spit. 1920-1935 rrp. Brawasi- ‘alOch B OHO MBHSHOMMESX 1 TAK THMECKHX YHeHHH, CHATEIX BO BpeM GomamLixx Maxléapop, KoTOpHIe compeMer- nili noeHHBI MeTOpHK Auapelt Camp ‘Hoa naanan TopxeCTBOM noxasyxut (Cot Poauna, 2006, Ne 12. C. 88-96). Buoxy HCCKOIIBKD HTEATHX H3 amTsGOMA ‘poTo- pada ¢ noprperana amt «nasanscrsy FoUeTO CocTaBa» H NOKHMAID, TO OM ‘crumyaits roast Bosutoro Teppopa u tte aoatiant 20 Beauxolt Orevecraenot C nacnaxctexem pasriaasisaio arm Gom, nocaaménntt cavoxéry «Maxcum Topwxitii». Biowy, Kak BOSnyuiNA rit Talir etpounes, nomysaio npenetanse- ‘ue o ero BHeUIMeN Ht BHYTPEHBIEN BITE (yaoGmme xpecaa sua naceaxxupos, Te e*pounax cranuux na Gopry sralitepa, ‘onembuaa kaiora mua obIxa naccaxct- ‘pos, aemixonenanil Gyiber © HBOGHATEN npoaystos). JhoGyioce Ha MyxecTBeH- Hoe Huo reuuansiioro nérsuKa Muxant- sia Tpomona, cmrroro 2a LIrypRaiom ca- ‘Mosiéra HO BpeMa ncmraTeaBHOrO 10 agra, THonumaro, xaxoe weusmaxioe nevanienme AorxeH Gun mpoussectH Ha yaapuuxoa m craxawosiles ToKasa- renbibit noxér na Gopry «Maxcuma Topskoro», H € rpycTHIO ayMalo 0 Tox, -kaKoli rpareaweli saxormunace 91a 503- ‘ayia akcxypcus. Tpit Yaca mpoBexaam nesamerito, poMembxnyan kas entail Mir: AstbGO- ‘Mit opa yriaxopsinars. B nocitexmuti pas AKigMKIRAIOCK B cTapsIe dororpaditn, uLyuia¥o Hexoxamtyi0 oF max HIE CEM He epanHuoyio 9Heprevaky. M sHoBs, w KOTO phil yore pao 9a 9TOr ews, » yineR suyuaT curosa Byztara Oxyioxa: Tisomen ¢ sme dpomozpaspuit ‘oxeanes Guozpadput, cuzin @ KomOpHIX 63, OO Ova, naweit nepenaemena. 110 PonuHA 5.2007 12 Mopedone apse WBUE UL | eam Hs Horodor -2eapdun, 2007, — sostane can, ane cane aoe op: Baoan Bo 120) Tpomseepet bap soa ne Can cena 00 Patiinacis roe jee yetere soo ue a Niasaepacsids eho Sean ee WasricTaes corer coserpecotion ne raps are ion hae oprpeiee iistan titcncapernreneces eels Seas pepe ee Selrievebis pomantvo lnjoe oeas: The staan Omen enysoctohvon nacre e Hees tan npcteentitas cartoons Ree arco prev atrona waved Sera aur oc creep oaciiy oly Ga jerhlogterpectfebn Palade eee eee ee ‘egehinn w no coh aed. H Hit omy, «rocynapio cen Pyewn Meany TIT (1462-1505). Ye compenennuxn vaaueann ero Heanon Bennnu. Ero nonaruveckne ao CTionens HeocnopAmts: On cnnoTHn pas0é- luke pycenne 3eunn # MorywecraenHoe Mocxosexoe racynapcrao, ua6asun crpany oT rwerywe enacra Opa, Bisen e& wa eTOpH- ‘eckoro Tyniaka, OnHAKO No Ci Nop CHOMNAR rparaveckan nvshocre Meana II, s Gvorpa- nx Koroporo apxo orpaswcn sect Apama- ‘13H Tol napenowion snoxs, ocrabrca, n0 cy- lWecTey, HepackpHTol « HenoKsTOM. Yinyo- Abhwo® npowrenwe coxpanneunxce wcropH- ‘eckiex WerOUHHKoB noaROnHnO aBTOpY KANTH pasmnageTs 22 npueuiiHom acem MD4ymen ‘anbwoli wackolierocynapr sen Pycu» nog ‘Aunwoe nnYO onHOrO ¥9 maBNEX ReRTeneh ‘ovevecraeno# ucTopi. Bopncos H.C. Mean M1. — 5-¢ usd. — Mc: Monodon 2ecpeus, 2006. — 64612] c.: ur (Okusne sonesarn. vobet: ep. 6u0eD.: Buin, 1025) ra kunra nocenwena ‘enikomy kHADIC MocKe 3eepen A.M, Tynunanon B.A. Jes Toncrof/Bcryn. cr. B.A. Kyp6aro. M.: Moso@as zeapaur, 2006. —782[2} c: un. (Kuan aavevar. snodel:Cep. 6voep. Bun, 1016). Buorpapne Mesa Hu xonaeensa Tancroro Guna ‘aAyWaNa WOMeCTHM cnewaACTON NO 3apy~ Gextion nuTeparype, npogeccopon A. M. 38 ‘eatin (1939-2003) mroro ner Hazan, On voc Poqua 3.2007 (RAW KHAA TABRAT pwauwan npowazenene Toncroro wero duno copcxHe BoRpeHUs BO MNOTOM He TH, HaK 3TO uno npuisro 2 conercxon muTeparyposene- nt, — & HaKON-TO cHbCRE no-NACaTENLCK ones wwpoKo m rionemnecex 8 cpaBMeKni C IpeqwacraeHiiwani-ncctenosarensMn TBop= seerwa pyeexoro rents, A. M, 3aepee He ycren sasepuliTs ceo Tpya. Suorpagma Toncroro po rncana navecratinnitreparyponenow B.A. Ty- tunwanioaum (1937-2006), € xoTopHm A. M. Seepeca canstisana nioroneTwsa Teopseckaa wan nya, Ho WB. A. Tykumanoey, « co= -wanenino, He cyikgeno Bein Rox no e8 Bu xxoga a caer. B 3TOR KHATe WaTaren® ECIpeTHTCR ‘C WenpuEKIIHHIR, HowAENOHHNNN npencraBne- nem © Gevioenansnol awswocra Toncroro, OcraenenHbin Ham 8 Hacnencrao AByNR sane%3- Tenbhun wccnegosarenamn surTeparyps Waiaan BF Huwonai Basunos. — M.: Monodan zaopdus, 2006. — 255 [1] cum. (OXu2ne samen smoded: Cep. 6uoep.; Buin, 1015). Hewngram @ WcTopAM wuposon Haykn qose- ‘Rock nepeRMTe cron ‘Temnwe ensTaNI 33 ceom yBexnennn, Kak Hanleny cospenennn= sky — coverckowy nccnenosareno pacrarens- Horo Waperea naaNersi v onHoMy Ha OCHOBO- honomnuxon reneTakn Hikonae Baawnony. Ero ao6poe nna n ero HaysMoe nacnenwe, ¥3- ectuoe #0 acéu npocReuiéHwom Mupe, EUR oncroneria wazaq 4AM oA 2anpeTOK & Crpane Conetos, noropoli ox rman cuoit ra ‘ak w nogapnn kpynveFiuyin 8 Mnpe KonneK- luwo pacrexil. Cerogwa nomyennn ornacry worve axrst Mahi H rw6en# HM. Basie oea — om Nawnn qocTomwoe Mecro Na ‘pannuax sT0} xh. Intemet:http://mg.gvardiya.r. E-mai:dsel@gvardiye.ru Paiyape rpona/ ©. B, Pocronwitn. ‘AGGar Kopxen F Tanwen6epr. — N.: @0v0 Cepzen Ayébosa, 2006. — 400 (Mtemopua Poccuu u dona Ponawoesi ¢ menyopox cospeonuo. XVIT=KK.). Jannat tom coneprer anwcny rpaga ©. B. Pocronsnia o scuape- hn nnnepatopa Nlaana I w Havane ero aNep- FwsWoR pebopnaropexol Rearensioctn; Me- yapst a66ava Mopmena, puuaps Manvr ‘koro opAENa, KUBONHICHO NoBeCreyiOMerD O rnoeaaKe Ko agopy apna I; socnommnanus 6apona F.Tanwenbepra, ysacrunna Hranean- exoro» llseuapcxoro noxoaos pyccKOn ap- nu #1799 ©. Conepxanne Towa nononHeHo enyapaui none, 6nn2xo a¥asuiec wnnepa> ropa: waar fl. M. Bonkoxcnoro, revepana H. 0. Kyray6nusoro, npwnua Esrenua Biop- ‘ENBEprCKOFD, APYTHNH yRUKARHIKN Ha ‘epwanans. Pocena noa ansopow: orvéret m1 1827-1869: [c6. ‘nox.]- CBopunx roccua ‘non nABorOM, ynarmypus: occur ‘Aprus». 2006. — 706.5 wn. 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