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Test Study Guide

th
5 Grade Social Studies
Test Date________________________

culture The way of life shared by a


group of people
economy A system a group uses to make
and exchange goods
The Inuit American Indian group Lived in a cold climate by the
sea. Used igloos for shelter and
used kayaks to hunt whales
and fish.
The Mound Builders American Lived in a mild climate by rivers
Indian group
Understand how this map
shows information relating to
climate and the movement of
the first Americans.

Migration was possible by


traveling over a land bridge
due to climate. They traveled
over time in large groups.

The groups that settled north


was Inuit, to the south was
Pacific Northwest, and to the
east was the Great Plains.

An example of an American Digging canals to transport


Indian group changing its water to croups land to plant
environment crops.
Test Study Guide
th
5 Grade Social Studies
Test Date________________________

The Southwest Lived in pueblo shelters, farmed corn &


Indian groups beans, and used irrigation for crops. They
were stationary. They got food from their
environment and used the resources
available to survive.

The Great Plains Lived in tepees for shelter, hunted buffalo,


Indian groups and were nomadic. They moved place to
place due to climate or geography. They
got food from their environment and used
the resources available to survive.

Explain how and why Customs are ways of life that are repeated
there were many regularly. One American Indian group
cultural differences might have a custom like a corn ceremony
between early to give thanks for a harvest. Another
American Indian American Indian group might perform a
groups dance as part of a religious ceremony the
night before a buffalo hunt. The different
customs that a group practices help form
that group’s culture. Differences in climate
and geography caused groups to have
different customs.
Test Study Guide
th
5 Grade Social Studies
Test Date________________________

Gender determined roles for the Men’s responsibilities: hunting,


American Indians and the keeping the camp safe, clearing
customs were passed down to land for crops.
the next generation. Women’s responsibilities:
Know the responsibilities of each Planting crops, gathering water,
gender. preparing and storing food.

Describe some of the ways that Chiefs could share their


members of early American authority or pass it down to
Indian groups shared power. someone else in the group as a
reward. In some groups,
women would select the men
to sit on the group’s council.
Relate the economy of an The economy of an American
American Indian group to its Indian group affects its
government. government and vice versa. In
many places, one purpose of
government is to make sure
the economy is working. An
American Indian group might
decide to move to another
place if there are more
resources or better
opportunities for trade. They
might decide to stop migrating
as nomads and start growing
corn and beans in an area.
Test Study Guide
th
5 Grade Social Studies
Test Date________________________

Know the form of government In the past, a religious leader,


for the Pueblo. the cacique, led the people.
Present day, the All Pueblo
Council of Governors makes
decisions.
The organization of government The Indian nation was led by a
group, the smaller group was
led by a council, and a single
chief led the council.

What do the costumes of the That they believed in animism


Aztecs show? and their prayers were
performed.