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URBAN DESIGN

Kiran Joshi

Chitkara School of Planning and Architecture B. Architecture – VIII Semester January - May 2008

UNIT – I Introduction to the role and scope of Urban Design. Comparison with ‘architecture’
UNIT – I
Introduction to the role and scope
of Urban Design. Comparison with
‘architecture’ and ‘town planning’
Determinants of Urban Form such
as landform, climate, symbolism,
activity patterns, socio-cultural
factors, materials and techniques
and other contextual references.
Case examples from various
periods in history and different
parts of the world.
Vocabulary of Urban Design.
Urban Pattern, grain, texture,
density, etc.
Concepts of Imageability.
Elements of the City’s Image.
Paths, Nodes, Landmarks, Edges
and Districts – their
characteristics, role and
interrelationships.
Designing parts of the city:
systems of Communication, and
u
tiliti
es, v sua express on, accen
i
l
i
t
and contrasts, urban character,
landscape features and city
extension areas.

COURSE CONTENT

UNIT – II Types of Urban Spaces – street, square, precinct, piazza, etc. Various elements
UNIT – II
Types of Urban Spaces – street,
square, precinct, piazza, etc.
Various elements of Urban Space –
their identification, characteristics
and role in the shaping of the
space.
Changing role of urban spaces
through history. Role of public
places in the contemporary city.
Design principles – Scale and
Enclosure
Case studies of well-known urban
spaces from various periods of
history to illustrate their design and
performance aspects
UNIT – III Role of Legislation and Controls in design of the built environment Types
UNIT – III
Role of Legislation and Controls in
design of the built environment
Types of Urban Controls – FAR,
Incentive Zoning, Density, Planned
Unit Development, Building Height,
Building Bulk, etc.
Special Provisions of Town
Planning Acts
INTENT To appreciate the nature and role of various facets of Urban Design in the
INTENT
To appreciate the nature and role of various facets of
Urban Design in the making of the Built Environment

Lecture 1

Introduction to Urban Design

Role and Scope

Comparison with ‘Architecture’ and “Town Planning’

Lectur e One: Int roduction to Urban Design – Role and Scope

WHAT IS URBAN DESIGN?

to Urban Design – Role and Scope WHAT IS URBAN DESIGN? arrangement, appearance & functionality of

arrangement, appearance & functionality

of towns and cities, especially,

shaping and uses of urban public space.

Often regarded as a disciplinary subset of urban planning, landscape architecture, or architecture.

However, with its increasing prominence in the activities of these disciplines, it is better conceptualised as a design practice

that operates at the intersection of all three, and also requires a good understanding of

a ran e of other disci lines such as urban

p economics, political and social theory, etc.

g

,

Though closely related,

‘Urban Design' differs from

‘Urban Planning' in its focus

on physical improvement of the public environment.

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The latter relates more to management of private development through

g development controls.

lannin

schemes and other

roduction to Urban Design – Role and Scope

e One: IntLectur

ROLE OF URBAN DESIGN

– Role and Scope e One: IntLectur ROLE OF URBAN DESIGN SHAPING AND USES OF PUBLIC
– Role and Scope e One: IntLectur ROLE OF URBAN DESIGN SHAPING AND USES OF PUBLIC

SHAPING AND USES OF PUBLIC SPACE

Urban Design Theory deals primarily with “Design and Management of Public Space

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and used.

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aces are exper ence

Public Space -- 'public environment' , 'public realm' or 'public domain‘ -- includes all manners
Public Space -- 'public environment' ,
'public realm' or 'public domain‘ --
includes all manners of spaces used
freely on a day-to-day basis by the
general public -- streets, plazas, parks
Some aspects of privately owned spaces, such as building facades or domestic gardens, also contribute
Some aspects of privately owned
spaces, such as building facades or
domestic gardens, also contribute to
public space and are, therefore, also
considered by Urban Design Theory.

Lectur e One: Int roduction to Urban Design – Role and Scope

ROLE OF URBAN DESIGN

to Urban Design – Role and Scope ROLE OF URBAN DESIGN SHAPING AND USES OF PUBLIC

SHAPING AND USES OF PUBLIC SPACE

Public Spaces are frequently subject to overlapping management responsibilities of:

1 - multiple public agencies or authorities,

2 - the interests of nearby property owners, as well as

3 - requirements of multiple and sometimes competing users.

The design, construction and management of Public Spaces, therefore, typically demands consultation and negotiation across a variety of spheres -- Urban Designers rarely have the degree of artistic liberty or control sometimes available in design professions such as architecture.

It also typically requires interdisciplinary input with balanced representation of multiple fields including engineering, ecology, local history, and transport planning, among others.

to Urban Design – Role and Scope

SCOPESCOPE OFOF URBANURBAN DESIGNDESIGN ---- ‘Scale’‘Scale’ andand ‘Degree‘Degree ofof Detail’Detail’

Can range from layout of entire cities to design of ‘street furniture’

Can include Preparation of design guidelines and regulatory frameworks, or even legislation to control

development, advertising, etc. and, in

this sense, overlap with urban

planning.

May encompass the design of particular spaces and structures and, in this sense, overlap with architecture,

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an scape arc design.

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tecture an

May also deal with place managementto guide and assist the use and maintenance of urban areas.

One: IntLectur roductione
One: IntLectur roductione

Lectur e One: Int roduction to Urban Design – Role and Scope

CONCERNS OF URBAN DESIGN - 1
CONCERNS OF URBAN DESIGN - 1

Urban Structure

How a place is put together and how its parts relate to each other

Urban Typology, Density and Sustainability

Spatial types & morphologies related to intensity of use, consumption of resources, production & maintenance of viable communities

Accessibility

Providing for ease, safety and choice when moving to and through places

Legibility and Way-finding

Helping people to find their way around and understand how a place works

Lectur e One: Int roduction to Urban Design – Role and Scope

CONCERNS OF URBAN DESIGN - 2
CONCERNS OF URBAN DESIGN - 2

Animation

Designing places to stimulate public activity

Function and Fit

Shaping places to support their varied intended uses

Complementary Mixed Uses

Locating activities to allow constructive interaction between them

Character and Meaning

Recognizing and valuing the differences between one place and another

Order and Incident

Balancing consistency and variety in the urban environment in the interests of appreciating both

– Role andDesign

to Urban

One: Int roductione

Lectur

CONCERNS OF URBAN DESIGN - 3 Scope
CONCERNS OF URBAN DESIGN - 3
Scope
Int roductione Lectur CONCERNS OF URBAN DESIGN - 3 Scope Continuity and Change Locating people in

Continuity and Change

Locating people in time and place, including respect for heritage and support for contemporary culture

respect for heritage and support for contemporary culture Civil Society Making places where people are free
respect for heritage and support for contemporary culture Civil Society Making places where people are free

Civil Society

Making places where people are free to encounter each other as civic equals, an important component in building social capital