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Chapter 1


Background of the Study

Infancy, if not, is one of the most crucial stages of a being's life. Not only do babies need proper
care and utmost protection but also basic necessities that in order to be acquired, would require ways that
are not basic at all. Milk, for example, is one of the infant's important fundamental needs. If bought, these
processed milk products would never be an issue if monetary stability is favorable for all. The good news
is that mothers can provide milk for their babies through breastfeeding. The bad news is that other
mothers can only do for a short period of time or worse, not even at all.

The downside of this lead not only to the question of where could other mothers get milk for their
newly-born child but also how could mothers who can breastfeed help them in this situation. Basically,
the dilemma here is not the supply, but the storage of milk. Locally, this has been addressed by Corazon
Locsin Montelibano Memorial Regional Hospital during the symposium held in the Technological
University of the Philippines - Visayas gymnasium on August 16, 2019. Two doctors told their struggle in
the hospital regarding the inconvenience of looking for milk real-time to be given to the babies whose
mothers could not breastfeed. The downtime caused by this activity, in effect, gives additional work for
the doctors and nurses whose patients are plenty and not to mention it delays the baby's meal.

How about if there is a way to minimize this kind of consistency in hospitals. The idea of the
proponents is by using a device, one device, that can be able to perform multiple processes to assess the
said problem. Processes namely Thawing, Pasteurization, Cool Storage, and Sterilization- all drawing
attention to give response to the struggle.

Objective of the Study

General Objective:

To develop a device that can be able to store milk for future consumption by babies.

Specific Objectives:

1. To design a device that will:

a. Lessen the struggle of doctors, nurses, and patients in the light of

real-time looking for milk to feed for babies.
b. Provide a speedy way of delivering the milk for the infant's meal.

c. Process the milk in such ways that it will still be consumable after storing.

2. Fabricate a device as designed that can undergo the following processes:

a. Pasteurization, or to heat the milk to a temperature that kills harmful

germs and then cooled quickly.

b. Thawing, or to maintain at a temperature where the milk will stay at a

liquid state.

c. Cooling Storage

d. Bottle Sterilization

3. Test, evaluate, and improve the prototype functionality, workability, efficiency,

economy, safety, and marketability-wise.

Scope and Limitations

The device is designed to assess one of the prime problems addressed by the Corazon Locsin
Montelibano Memorial Regional Hospital, therefore, it will be installed and utilized there. It will focus on
the four core processes: Pasteurization, Thawing, Cooling Storage, and Bottles Sterilization. The device
will only process milk. Therefore, any liquid can never be the product inside it.

This device will be electrically power supplied. Also, the storing of milk into the device will be
manual. It will not be accountable for any cases where personnel in the hospital are not around to do the
task or if there is no milk to be stored at all.

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