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Site Management

Antenna Mounting and Alignment

2.4.0
A NTENNA M OU NTING AND A LI G NME NT

Copyright

© VNL® 2010-2011 – All Rights Reserved

Disclaimer

No part of this document may be reproduced in any form


without the written permission of the copyright owner.

The contents of this document are subject to revision without


notice due to continued progress in methodology, design, and
manufacturing. VNL® shall have no liability for any error or
damage of any kind resulting from the use of this document.

Trademark List

WorldGSMTM is a trademark owned by Vihaan Networks Limited.


All other product or service names mentioned in this document
are trademarks of their respective companies.

Document Reference Number

Agile # VNL-STM-ITG-000001

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Contents

1. About This Document ............................................................... 6

1.1 Purpose ............................................................................................................6

1.2 Intended Audience ......................................................................................6

1.3 Document Conventions ............................................................................6

1.4 Terms and Abbreviations ..........................................................................7

2. Introduction .............................................................................. 8

2.1 Types of Antennas .......................................................................................8

2.2 Antenna Specifications ........................................................................... 10

2.3 Antenna Mounted on VNL® Tower ...................................................... 11

2.4 Mounting Antenna on Existing Tower .............................................. 12

2.5 Weight of Tower Mounts........................................................................ 13

2.6 Types of Tower Mounts........................................................................... 13

2.6.1 GSM Antenna ...................................................................................... 14

2.6.2 Transmission Antenna ..................................................................... 15

2.7 Alignment of Tier-2 Antennas .............................................................. 18

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Figures

Figure 1: Omni Antenna Symbol........................................................................8

Figure 2: Wi-Fi Antenna Symbol.........................................................................8

Figure 3: Patch Antenna for Tier-2 of the Backhaul ....................................9

Figure 4: Tier-2 Flat Antenna ...............................................................................9

Figure 5: Cross Polar Antenna Symbol ......................................................... 10

Figure 6: Top 6 Meters of the Tower .............................................................. 12

Figure 7: GSM Antenna – Top View ............................................................... 14

Figure 8: Omni Antenna – Top View .............................................................. 15

Figure 9: Omni Antenna – Front View........................................................... 15

Figure 10: Grid Antenna- Front View ............................................................. 16

Figure 11: Grid Antenna- Detailed View ...................................................... 17

Figure 12: Patch Antenna – Top View ........................................................... 17

Figure 13: Patch Antenna – Front View ........................................................ 18

Figure 14: Aligning VBTS using Pole Rotation and Tilt Angle (+/0
5 degrees) ................................................................................................................ 19

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Tables

Table 1: Document Conventions .......................................................................6

Table 2: Terms and Abbreviations .....................................................................7

Table 3: GSM Antenna Specifications ........................................................... 10

Table 4: Transmission Antenna Specifications .......................................... 11

Table 5: Tower Mount Weights........................................................................ 13

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A NTENNA M OU NTING AND A LI G NME NT

1. About This Document

1.1 Purpose

This document describes the different types of antennas, their


alignment, and types of tower mounts.

1.2 Intended Audience

The intended target groups for this document are:

• Site Engineers doing Installation and Commissioning


• RF Planners

1.3 Document Conventions

The different conventions used in this document are explained


in the following table.

Table 1: Document Conventions

Conventions Description

Note: Provides information


about important features or
instructions.

Caution: Alerts you to potential


damage to a program, device, or
system.

Warning: Alerts you to potential


injury or fatality. May also alert

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you to potential electrical


hazards.

Bold font Any option that needs to be


selected or typed in the user
interface is represented using
bold font.

1.4 Terms and Abbreviations

The different terms and abbreviations used in this document are


explained in the following table.

Table 2: Terms and Abbreviations

Abbreviations Description

HBW Horizontal Beam Width

VBW Vertical Beam Width

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2. Introduction

VNL® uses antennas from world renowned companies who


supply GSM and transmission backhaul antennas. Some antenna
symbols are used in this document and their pictures are
detailed below.

2.1 Types of Antennas

You can view the different types of antennas, which are used by
VNL® at different sites are shown in the following figures.

• Omni Antenna

Figure 1: Omni Antenna Symbol

• Wi-Fi Antenna

Figure 2: Wi-Fi Antenna Symbol

• Patch Antenna for Tier-2

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Figure 3: Patch Antenna for Tier-2 of the Backhaul

• Flat Antenna

Figure 4: Tier-2 Flat Antenna

• Cross Polar Antenna

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Figure 5: Cross Polar Antenna Symbol

2.2 Antenna Specifications

Following are the different specifications for 900MHz, 1800 MHz


omni and panel antennas.

Table 3: GSM Antenna Specifications

Antenna Type Vendor Manufact Length/ Weight VBW HBW Gain


Category uring Part Diamet (dbi)
Code er (mm)

Omni

900Mhz V-pol INOTEK 1613-000- 3300/51 5.0 10.0 360.0 11.0


02

1800- V-pol INOTEK 1160-000- 1950/51 3.0 5.0 360.0 11.0


2100 Mhz 02

2.4 Ghz V-pol INOTEK VP/360/10/ 1200/50 4.0 6.0 360.0 11.0
0

Panel

900Mhz X-pol ANTELL 2405x28 10.9 7 63 16


NC 5x126

1800- X-pol ANTELL 1840x15 6.8 5 63 19.5


2100 Mhz NC 4x105

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2.4 Ghz X-pol INOTEK 900x135 5.6 8 65 16.9


x80

Table 4: Transmission Antenna Specifications

Antenna Type Vendor Manufact Length/ Weight VBW HBW Gain


Category uring Part Diamet (dbi)
Code er(mm)

HIGHWAY

1800 MHz X-pol INOTEK 5307 1800x27 15 5 30 21.5


5x95

Tier-1

2.4 GHz Linea MTI MT- 905x705 3.3 8 10 23


Gird r 346004N

Tier-2

5.8 GHz Linea MTI MT- 370x370 1.8 8 8 23


Patch r 485052/C x40
Panel
(VBTS)

5.8 GHz V-pol STELLA 5818005 700x122 0.7 5 180 16


Panel x55

2.3 Antenna Mounted on VNL® Tower

VNL® tower is designed for simple and quick installation. The


features of VNL® towers are as follows:

• Self supporting
• Light weighted
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A NTENNA M OU NTING AND A LI G NME NT

• 3 legged
• Tower height of 40 meters
• Withstand wind speed of 170 kmph and also 200kmph

The antennas mounted on the VNL® tower are depicted in the


below figure.

Figure 6: Top 6 Meters of the Tower

2.4 Mounting Antenna on Existing Tower

You must use the existing towers in a rural scenario or in low


average revenue per user (ARPU). VNL® has designed special
mounts for the standard tower designs and based upon your
specification VNL® team can design the tower mounts for you.
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2.5 Weight of Tower Mounts

The approximate weight of the tower mounts is given in the


table below:

Table 5: Tower Mount Weights

S. No Equipment Size Weight in


Kgs

1 Omni Antenna 1800MHz 1800*51 5.5

2 Tower Mount for Omni 850*240 18.23


Antenna

3 VBTS 1800MHz 373*373 18

4 Power Splitter 310*185*80 4

Total Weight 47.73

2.6 Types of Tower Mounts

For VNL® tower, the mounting of the antenna and equipment is


as shown in Figure 8. The pole mounts designed for third party
tower are suitable for both the angular and tubular towers and
are as follows:

• GSM Antenna

o Omni Antenna

• Transmission antenna

o Grid antenna
o Patch antenna

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2.6.1 GSM Antenna

The following figure depicts the GSM antenna top view


mounted on the VNL® tower. The GSM antenna constitutes of
clamp or bracket manufactured in ISMC 150x75, uclamp or bolt,
and boom which is fabricated in 65x65x6mm.

Figure 7: GSM Antenna – Top View

2.6.1.1 Omni Antenna

The following figure depicts the omni antenna top and front
view mounted on the VNL® tower. The omni antenna constitutes
of clamp or bracket manufactured in ISMC 150x75 and the
boom is fabricated in 65x65x6mm.

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Figure 8: Omni Antenna – Top View

The front view consists of an omni antenna mounting pole as


shown in the following figure.

Figure 9: Omni Antenna – Front View

2.6.2 Transmission Antenna

The transmission antenna comprises of the following antennas:

• Grid Antenna
• Patch Antenna

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2.6.2.1 Grid Antenna

The following figure depicts the grid antenna front view and
detailed mounted on the VNL® tower. The grid antenna as
shown in the front view constitutes of clamp manufactured in
ISMC 150x75 and the boom is fabricated in 65x65x6mm.

Figure 10: Grid Antenna- Front View

The grid antenna detailed view consists of an omni antenna


mounting 40 nb pole as shown in the following figure.

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Figure 11: Grid Antenna- Detailed View

2.6.2.2 Patch Antenna

The following figure depicts the patch antenna top view and
front view mounted on the VNL® tower. The patch antenna as
shown in the front view constitutes of clamp manufactured in
ISMC 150x75 and the boom is fabricated in 65x65x6mm.

Figure 12: Patch Antenna – Top View

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The patch antenna top view consists of an antenna mounting 40


nb pole as shown in the following figure.

Figure 13: Patch Antenna – Front View

2.7 Alignment of Tier-2 Antennas

Alignment of the antennas is based on the sound beeps of the


VBTS. The direction and tilting of VBTS must be aligned with the
Tier-2 antennas mounted on RBTS tower.

When a VBTS is powered up and aligned with a RBTS antenna, it


gives a beep sound that changes the frequency. Special
equipment is needed for aligning the antenna during
installation of VBTS sites.

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Figure 14: Aligning VBTS using Pole Rotation and Tilt Angle
(+/0 5 degrees)

Note: Guy wires should not be loose or mounted on the floor


when alignment is being done. At this point, place and tighten
them once the direction is decided.

Ensure that guy wires do not cover the VBTS cover, which is a
backhaul antenna.

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