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It was a hot Monday morning. Amin was on his way home from school. As he was
feeling hungry, he took a shortcut through Pak Abu’s house. Upon reaching Pak Abu’s
house, he saw a huge mango tree. It was bearing a lot of ripe juicy mangoes. The mangoes
made Amin’s mouth water. He was tempted to pick the mangoes.

Amin put his knapsack down and looked left and right. There was nobody around.
Without much hesitation, Amin started to climb up the tree. He picked all the big and juicy
mangoes. He ate them to his heart’s content. Then he saw more juicy mangoes at the far
end of the branch. He decided to pick them. He stepped on a weak branch and reached for
the mangoes.

All of a sudden, the branch broke. Amin fell to the ground. He groaned in pain and
screamed for help. Luckily a passer-by heard his scream. He quickly ran to the rescue. He
examined Amin and told him that his right leg was broken. Taking pity on him, the man took
Amin to the hospital. Amin regretted what he had done.

A Rearrange these letters to form words. These words are taken from the model essay.

1 grnuhy _________________________
2 npsckaak _________________________
3 eanbrig _________________________
4 onedarg _________________________
5 andemexi _________________________
6 mecsra _________________________
7 rtuohsct _________________________
8 geteerrtd _________________________
9 rscuee __________________________
10 ttihseaIon __________________________
11 ba r nh c __________________________
12 iucjy __________________________

B Give the opposites of the following words. The answers can be found in the model essay.

1 cold ______________
2 left ______________
3 slowly ______________
4 strong ______________
5 small ______________
6 unripe ______________
7 up ______________
8 everybody ______________
9 near ______________
10 tiny ______________

Sazali who is twelve years old, is an active boy. He likes to go outing with
his friends. They love nature. They often go for a picnic at the river nearby.
Usually, they cycle to the river for a dip in the crystal clear water.

Last week during the first semester holidays, Sazali and his friends had a
picnic by the river in their village. The river was just a stone’s throw away from
Mr Tan’s orchard. After cycling for half an hour, the boys finally arrived at
theirdestination. Upon reaching there, they quickly looked for a nice spot to put
their things. They had brought along a lot of food and drinks.

Without much delay, the boys changed their attires and jumped into the
water for a swim. They were on cloud nine, playing and swimming in the river.
Suddenly, Sazali noticed something floating in the water. It was coming towards
them. He thought it was a crocodile. Feeling scared, he screamed his lung out.
Everyone panicked and ran out of the water as quick as lightning. They ran for
their lives. One of them, Meng Keong even climbed up a tree. They waited
anxiously for someone to come and save them.

As the object floated by, Sazali braved himself to take a closer look.
He realised that it was just a log, not a crocodile. He told all his friends about it.
They felt relieved and burst out laughing.


A The following words are used in the model essay. Do you know the
meaning for each of the words in Column A? Match each of the words
with its meaning in Column B correctly.
A Column

1 outing - place
2 a dip - clothing
3 orchard - felt happy
because unpleasant thing has
4 destination - shouted loudly
6 on cloud nine - a place to go to
7 screamed his lung out - a place where fruit trees are
8 relieved - feeling very
9 panicked - a short trip for
10 spot - swim

B Give the opposites of the following words. The answers can be found
in the model essay.
1 hate - ______________
2 muddy - ______________
3 a little - ______________
4 sinking - ______________
5 slow - ______________
6 stressed - ______________
7 far - ______________
8 firstly - ______________
9 crying - ______________
10 enemies - ______________

C Fill in each of the blanks with a suitable word from the model essay.
The word can only be used once.
1 My family and I always go for a ___________ at the waterfall on
2 Mother asked the children to change their _________ because they were
dirty and smelly.
3 All the teachers are _________ that everyone is safe and unhurt.
4 We flew to Paris last weekend. It took us more than eleven hours to reach
our____________ .
5 When the little girl saw a leech, she _______ as loud as she could.
6 He __________ at the sight of the dark figure when he walked alone in
the jungle.

Write a story

Last week on a fine Sunday morning, Izat and his family went to Rantau Abang beach for a
picnic. They set off their journey at nine o’clock in the morning and arrived there an hour later.
Upon arriving there, they could see a big crowd of people on this golden sandy beach. They could
also witness many people swimming happily in the sea. The water was indeed crystal clear.
Everyone was in the seventh heaven. They quickly looked for a nice spot to put all their things.
Izat and hissiblings helped their parents to take out all food and drinks from the car.

“Guys, shall we go for a swim,’ suggested Izat excitedly. Everyone nodded in agreement.
In no time, Izat’s family was in the water, enjoying themselves.

Suddenly, Izat heard a faint noise. At first, he paid no heed to it. But, soon it grew louder
and louder. He heard someone screaming for help. He looked around. To his surprise, he saw a
boy struggling in the water. He was bobbing up and down. Izat quickly told his father about it.
Without much thinking, Izat’s father swam towards the boy. He put his arm around the
drowning boy’s neck and pulled him to the shore. He swam with all his might. Finally
he managed to save the boy. He felt very tired but happy for he had saved a life.

A Do you know what an adjective is? An adjective is a word that tells
you more about a noun.

Now, list out 15 adjectives used in the model essay.

1 ______________ 2 ______________ 3 _______________
4 ______________ 5 ______________ 6 _______________
7 ______________ 8 ______________ 9 _______________
10 ______________ 11 ______________ 12 _______________
13 ______________ 14 ______________ 15 _______________

B Find the word which has the same meaning as each of the following
words. The words are all in the model essay.
1 glad - ___________ 2 place - ___________
3 shouting - ___________ 4 strength - ___________
5 save - ___________ 6 exhausted -___________
7 started - ___________ 8 aid -___________
9 shock - ___________ 10 succeeded -___________

C Construct a good sentence with each of the words given below.

1 drowning -
2 nodded -
3 journey -
4 in the seventh heaven -
5 might
Write a story

Last weekend Salma’s parents were away on business. They had to attend an important
meeting in Pulau Langkawi. After spending two hours reading a story book, Salma felt bored and
wanted to do something more challenging. So, she invited her friends over to her house.

Salma and her friends played hide-and-seek in the garden. They were running all over the
place, looking for a suitable place to hide. Azman, one of Salma’s friends did not want himself to
be found easily. So, he decided to hide outside the house. He ran out without looking left or
right. Just then, their neighbour, Pakcik Hassan who is a fishmonger, rode by on his motorcycle.
When he saw Azman appeared in front of his motorcycle, he swerved to the left to avoid hitting
him. He lost control of his vehicle and crashed into a pond.

Pak Hassan fell off his motorcycle and landed in middle of the pond. He was wet all over.
His motorcycle was badlydented. His weighing scale and many other things were thrown into the
air. When the children saw this, they screamed in fear. Mrs Lim, the neighbour rushed out to
see what was happening. She scolded the children. All the children apologisedto Pak
Hassan. Fortunately, he was not seriously injured. He only had bruises on his hands and legs.
However, his shirt was dirty and wet.

A Find 15 words that are used in the model essay in the maze below.
One of them has been circled.

B Give the meaning of each of these words or phrases. Use a dictionary

to help you.
1 swerved -
2 bored -
3 bruises -
4 dented -
5 hide-and-seek -

C Read the following sentences. Correct the spelling of the underlined

1 His waeghing scale and other things were throwed into the air.
2 He only had bruses on his hands and lags.
3 He lost control of his vihikle and crashed into a pon.
4 Pak Dollah who was an ais-krim seller rode by on his motosikal.
5 The chideren played hih-and seek in the garden.
6 The motorcyclist sewered to the reight to avaid hitting the woman.

Write a story based on the pictures below. You may use the words given to help you.

Aiman who is my schoolmate, is twelve years old. He lives with his beloved family of five in
Kampung Aman. His teachers and friends like him very much as he is not only friendly but also
helpful. To many villagers, Aiman has a heart of gold.

Last Saturday morning, Aiman and his classmates visited an old woman in the nearby village.
The old woman was very poor and lived alone in an old dilapidated wooden house. The
children sympathised her when they saw the condition of the house. They decided to help her
clean the house.

The children divided themselves in two groups and Aiman was in the first group. Without
wasting much time, they started working. They repaired the broken walls and stairs. Later they
painted the walls. As for the girls who are in the second group, they helped to sweep the dirty
floor. They also cleaned and tidied the house compound. After three hours of hard work, the
children finally completed their tasks. The house really looked beautiful and clean.

The woman was as happy as a lark. Her face lit up with joy. She was very grateful and
thanked the children for their kindness. It was rare to see such kind hearted children.

At about five in the evening, the children decided to go home. They were feeling tired but
happy because they had done a good deed. It was a memorable moment for Aiman and his


A Give the meanings of the following words. Use a dictionary to

help you.
1 memorable - ______________________________
2 lit up with joy - ______________________________
3 dilapidated - ______________________________
4 grateful - ______________________________
5 sympatised - ______________________________
6 beloved - ______________________________
7 a heart of gold - ______________________________
8 rare - ______________________________
B Fill in each of the blanks with a suitable word from the essay. Use
the word only once.

1 All the pupils are busy planting trees around the school _____________ .
2 The old beggar has been living in that old ________ house since she was
born. I think we need to repair the house immediately.
3 The boy __________ his homework before he went out to play football.
4 It was a ___________ event for all he children. Everyone really enjoyed
themselves and wanted to visit the orphanage again.
5 When his boss called him, he came to the office without a
6 We should be ______________ our parents for taking good care
of us.
7 On Teachers’ Day, pupils give presents to their teachers to appreciate
their hard work and ___________.
8 Salim and I go to the school but we are in different classes. So, Salim is
my ______________

C Check how good is your past tense? Give the past tense for the
following words.
1 clean - ____________ 2 visit - ____________
3 tidy - ____________ 4 break - ____________
5 light - ____________ 6 delay - ____________
7 repair - ____________ 8 take - ____________
9 sweep - ____________ 10 thank - ____________
11 paint - ____________ 12 decide - ____________
13 divide - ____________ 13 live - ____________

Write a story.

Puan Zaharah Ariffin, sixty-five, is a kuih seller. She lives in Kampung Sentosa. Her
husband passed away in a car crash six years ago. Fortunately, she has two helpful
and obedient daughters. They al
ways help their mother whenever they are free.

Every weekend, Ain and her older sister, Nurul wake up at dawn. They get up early as they
want to help their mother make kuih. Their mother makes a few types of local kuih such as curry
puffs, seri kaya and sardine rolls. When all the kuihare ready, both the sisters will pack them in
different attractive plastic containers.
Later, they will bring their kuih to the market to sell. They walk to the market as it is
just a stone’s throw awayfrom their house. There, they display all their kuih at their stall. Ain
and Nurul always smile and invite many people, mostly housewives, to their stall. Many customers
come and buy their kuih as they as cheap and scrumptious.

Normally, in two or three hours all their kuih will be sold out. After that they pack their
things and get ready to go home. Along the journey, they often grin from ear to ear. At home,
the two sisters count the money. They save some of their money in a big piggy bank. They also
use the rest to buy the ingredients to make kuih. Both Ain and Nurul hope that one day they
would be able to open a kuih shop and make their mother proud of them.

A Find the words or phrases in the model essay that have the following

1 very old and in a bad condition - __________________

2 a very kind character - __________________
3 felt sorry for - __________________
4 feeling thankful - __________________
5 to make late or to hold up - __________________
6 showing great feeling of happiness - ________________
7 to make a place look clean and neat - ________________
8 a piece of work that must be done - ________________
9 parents and children - ________________
10 made up one’s mind - ________________

B Give the opposites of the underlined words. The answers are in the
model essay.
1 Everyone felt sad when they heard the bad news.
2 The young woman who was rich, lived alone in a wooden
3 The scouts were divided into groups and Halim was in
the last group.
4 The house on top of the hill is ugly and dirty.
5 His friendly brother is liked by all the villagers.

C Construct good sentences using the words given below.

1 took pity -
2 dilapidated -
3 grateful -
4 heart of gold -
5 lit up with joy -
6 completed -

Write a story.

Chin Fei who is my cousin, is twelve years old. He lives with his loving family in Taman
Pendek. He has very caring andsupportive parents. Every weekend, his parents will make it a
point to bring the family out to any shopping complexes in town.

A fortnight ago, Chin Fei and his family went window-shopping at Han Seng Mall. There was
a big crowd of people as Hari Raya was just around the corner. At the concourse area, a lot of
people gathered to watch a dance show. It was performed by a troupe of dancers from the
famous Dancing Academic from Kuala Lumpur. Chin Fei and his family joined in the fun. They
clapped and cheered as the dancers danced gracefully to the music.

After more than half an hour, Chin Fei felt bored. He began looking around at the crowd
of spectators. He turned left and right. Suddenly, something caught his eyes. To his surprise, he
saw a woman pickpocket a man who was so engrossedwatching the dance. Chin Fei quickly
informed his father. His father told the whole family to keep an eye on the woman while he
rushed to alert the security guard.

Before the woman could escape, the security guard caught her. They retrieved the man’s
wallet and returned it to him. The man was very thankful to Chin Fei and his family. As a reward,
he gave Chin Fei and his sister ten ringgit each.


A Find the meaning for each of the following words. Use a dictionary to
help you.

1 a fortnight -______________________________
2 engrossed -______________________________
3 pickpocket -______________________________
4 keep an eye -______________________________
5 retrieved -______________________________
6 reward -______________________________
7 concourse -______________________________
8 spectators -______________________________
9 alerted -______________________________
10 around the corner - ______________________________

B Do you know the past tense of the words in the box below? Then
find the past tense of these words in the word maze.


Write a story based on the pictures below. You may use the words given to help

Zawiah who is my nephew, is a chubby nine-year-old girl. She lives happily

with her family in Taman Kemumin, ten kilometres from Kota Bharu. She studies
at Sekolah Kebangsaan Kemumin. She is a friendly, kind and hardworking girl. All
the teachers and friends like her very much.
One Tuesday morning, Zawiah woke up with a severe stomach-ache. She felt
very sick and was groaning in pain. She went in and out of the toilet. She told
her mother about it. Feeling worried, Zawiah’s mother quickly took her to the
nearby clinic. At the clinic, there were a lot of people waiting to get treatments.
Zawiah and her mother sat and waited patiently to see the doctor. Her mother
kept consoling her. At last, it was Zawiah’s turn to enter the doctor’s room.

The doctor gave Zawiah and a smile and asked her a few questions. He then
examined her thoroughly. Zawiah told the doctor that the day before she had
lunch at a stall which was just a walking distance away from her school. After
paying for her food, she noticed that the cook who had prepared her food had
dirty hands. His clothes was old and dirty too. The doctor then diagnosed that
she probably suffered from food poisoning. He gave her some medicine. He also
advised her to rest and to drink plenty of water. Lastly, he also advised Zawiah
to be extra careful and choosy when eating out.


A Match the words to their meanings correctly.

B Fill in each of the blanks with a suitable word or phrase from the
model essay. Use the word only once.
1 The accident victim suffered from a ________________ head injury.
2 The doctor _____________ that the old man was suffering from lung
3 It’s already one o’clock. Let’s go for _____________. I am really hungry.
4 She is very _____________ about clothes. She buys only the branded ones.
5 Murusamy is ___________ that little girl. She has been crying for more
than an hour.
6 All the pupils waited _____________ for their school bus to arrive.
7 You do not have to take a bus to go to that shopping complex. It is just a
_____________ away from our hotel.
8 Mother _____________ my brother to study hard but he did not listen
to her.

C Can you form 15 new words from these two words in the boxes?
Each word must be more than three letters.


Write a story based on the pictures below. You may use the words given to help

Zainuddin who is eleven years old, lives in a small fishing village, forty-eight
kilometers from Kota Bharu. He has a small loving family. Everyone in the village
is fond of Zainuddin. He is not only friendly but also kind. He likes to help people
who are in trouble.
One night, there was a fearful storm in Zainuddin’s village. The winds
were blowing strongly and the rain was pouring. The next morning, all the
villagers were surprised to see many trees were rooted off and roofs were
blown away. Then, Zainudin’s parents found out that a big tree had fallen on to
Makcik Lijah’s house. It had damaged her kitchen. Makcik Lijah was very sad
and weeping the whole morning.

Taking pity on her, Zainuddin and his family went over to Makcik Lijah’s
house. Zainuddin’s father promised to help her. He called some villagers and
asked them to help to repair Makcik Lijah’s house. The villagers saw eye to
eye with the idea.

Without wasting time, Zainuddin’s father and the villagers started

working. Some of them helped to remove the tree trunk while one of them
sawed up the logs into smaller parts using a chain saw.They spent the whole day
repairing the kitchen. At last, just before dusk, they managed to complete the
work. Makcik Lijah was very grateful to all of them. Cheerful tears welled up in
her eyes. She thanked them for being such kind and helpful neighbours.


A Rearrange these letters to form words. These words are taken from
the model essay.

1 faefrul - __________________________
2 sregalliv - __________________________
3 skud - __________________________
4 egadmad - __________________________
5 rmveoe - __________________________
6 lonscoed - __________________________
7 kcithne - __________________________
8 fluerehc - __________________________
9 robtule - __________________________
10 eurrispsd - __________________________
B What is Past Continuous tense? The past continuous tense
is formed with wasor were followed by the main verb in an-
ing form.

Read through the passage again and find sentences which use past
continuous tense. Copy them.


Write a story based on the pictures below. You may use the words given to help

Azim who is in his mid-teens, is a very helpful and obedient boy. Every
weekend when he is free, he will help his parents to do house chores. All his
teachers and family members love him very much. He is indeed the apple of his
parents’ eyes.
Last Saturday morning, at about half-past six, Azim and his father went to a
small fishing village which is located ten kilometers away from their house. They
went there to buy fish to sell in the market. They went in a van to the jetty
where the fishermen landed their catch. The journey took more than half an

At the jetty, there was a big crowd of fishmongers. There were also
baskets of fishes, clams and prawns, ready to be sold. Azim’s father bought
several types of fish and prawns. They looked fresh. The fishermen then
weighed each of the baskets with a big weighing scale. The scale was hung from
a pole carried by two men. They helped Azim’s father to load the baskets on to
the van.

When Azim and his father arrived safely at the market, Azim quickly helped
his father to pour all the fish and prawns into a large ice box so that they would
stay fresh. Then, they opened their stall. Many customers were already waiting
patiently to buy the fish and prawns. Everyone loved to buy Azim’s father’s fish
because they were cheap and fresh. Azim and his father were on cloud
nine when all their fish and prawns were sold out.


A Find the words or phrases in the model essay that have the following
1 feeling very happy - _________________________
2 a person who sells fish - _________________________
3 one who is loved dearly - _________________________
4 a small job done regularly - _________________________
5 a machine for weighing object - _________________________
6 a trip made - _________________________
7 a pier used as a landing place - _________________________
8 always doing what is told to do - _________________________

B Fill in each of the blanks with a suitable word or phrase taken from
the model essay.
1 The fishermen were very happy because they had a good ________ in
those two weeks.
2 The ___________ to the desert was rough and unpleasant. Many tourists
fell sick and vomited.
3 Are the vegetables still _____________? Mother bought them five days
4 Lokman’s father is a _____________. Every morning he goes to the
market to sell fish, prawns, crabs and clams.
5 Please get me a ____________. I want to know how many kilogrammes
are these prawns?
6 He always finishes his house _____________ before he goes out to play.
7 All the villagers tied their boats at the ___________ near Pak Hussin’s
8 Gopal is a very ____________ son. He never disobeys his parents.

C Construct a good sentence with each of the following words.

1 on cloud nine -
2 customers -
3 arranged -
4 chores -
5 patiently -


Write a story.

Tong Kiat who is my cousin, is an adventurous boy. He studies in SK Panglima

Bayu and is a good scout in his school. One oh his hobbies is camping. He is not
only a clever but also responsible boy. All the scouts and teachers praise him for
his good manners.

A fortnight ago on a fine Sunday morning, Tong Kiat and a group of scouts
went on a camping trip. The camp was situated beside a river, five kilometers
away from their school. Upon arriving at the campsite, the scouts searched for
a nice spot topitch their tents. Then they went jungle trekking. Everyone was
excited. After enjoying themselves looking at the beautifulfloral and fauna in
the jungle, they also saw a few flying squirrels.

“Let’s follow one of those creatures,” suggested Tong Kiat. Everyone nodded
in agreement. They quickly followed the flying squirrel. They then realised that
they had gone too far into the jungle. They also knew they were lost. All of
them felt worried. They sat on a big rock and looked around. They started to
think of a plan to go back to their campsite.

After a while, Tong kiat heard the sound of running water. An idea came to
him. All of them decided to run along the riverbank. They were sure they would
be able to reach the campsite. After running for more than half an hour, they
feltexhausted. They walked slowly. Finally reached their campsite. They
felt relieved and happy.


Write a story.

Ganesh who was my classmate, came from a poor family of five. He lived in a
small village, just outside Kuantan town. As his family was poor, he had to walk
to school every day. Both his parents were rubber-tappers. Although they were
poor, they were happy and contented with their lives.

Every day, whenever Ganesh had free time, he would revise his lessons and
study hard. Some of his friends called him abookworm. He wanted to further his
studies in a university. He wanted to pursue his dream of becoming an architect.

Ganesh’s hard work really paid off. He managed to achieve his dream. After
a few years, he graduated from University Science Malaysia and became an
architect. He got a job in one of the big companies in Kuala Lumpur. He started
to save money. Later she bought a beautiful bungalow in Subang Jaya. He also
brought both his parents and siblings to live with him. He knew that they
had sacrificed a lot to make his dream come true. With heavy hearts, Ganesh
parents left the village and lived happily with their obedient and filial son.