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Dept of Civil Engineering, IIT Madras

CE 5320 - SOIL DYNAMICS


Due Date: 27.08.2019
Assignment 2
(Damped free and forced vibration of SDOF system)

(1) For a certain mass-spring system, m = 200 kg and k = 7000 N/m. Determine (a) the value of
the critical damping constant cc and (b) the damped natural frequency ωd and the
logarithmic decrement δ if c = cc/3.
(2) A vibrating system consists of a mass of 20 kg and a spring of stiffness 70 N/cm. If the mass is
given an initial upward velocity of 8 cm/s from a point 4 cm down from the equilibrium position,
determine the maximum amplitude and acceleration of the system.
(3) A free vibrations test is run to determine the stiffness and damping properties of an elastic
element. A 30 kg block is attached to the element. The block is displaced by 1 cm and
released. The resulting oscillations are monitored with the results shown in Figure 1.
Determine k and c for this element.

Fig.1

(4) A mass-spring-damper system has a mass of 100 kg. In 60 s, its free response amplitude
decays such that the amplitude of the 30th cycle is 20% of the amplitude of the 1st cycle.
Estimate the damping constant c and the spring constant k.
(5) Consider the slender tower which vibrates in the transverse direction as shown in Figure 2. It
is made from reinforced concrete. An estimate for the first natural frequency of this system is
0.20 Hz. The logarithmic decrement values measured for the tower with uncracked reinforced
concrete material and cracked reinforced concrete material are 0.03 and 0.12, respectively. If a
wind induces an initial displacement of 0.3 m and an initial velocity of 0.1 m/s, determine the
peak displacement amplitudes in the cases with uncracked concrete material and cracked
concrete material.
Fig.2

(6) Determine the displacement (x), velocity (dx/dt), and acceleration (d2x/dt2) of a spring-mass
system with f= 2.0 Hz for the initial conditions x(0) = 0.025 m, and dx/dt(0)=0.05 m/s.
Plot x (t),dx/dt (t), and d2x/dt2 (t) from t= 0 to 5 s.
(7) A 150 kg mass is suspended by a spring-damper combination with a stiffness of 30 X 103 N/m
and a viscous damping constant of 1500 N·s/m. The mass initially at rest. Calculate the
steady-state displacement amplitude and phase when the mass is excited by harmonic force
amplitude of 70 N at 3 Hz.
(8) A spring-mass system consists of a mass weighing 100 N and a spring with stiffness of 2000
N/m. The mass is subjected to resonance by a harmonic force F(t) = 25 cos ῳt N. Find the
amplitude of the forced motion at the end of (a) ¼ cycles, (b) 2 cycles , and (c) 5 cycles.
(9) For a vibrating system, m= 10kg, k= 2500N/m and c= 45N-s/m, a harmonic force of amplitude
180 N and frequency 3.5 Hz acts on the mass. If the initial displacement and velocity of the
mass are 15 mm and 5 m/s, find and plot (a) the complete response and (b) the steady state
response of the mass.
(10) When an exhaust fan of mass 380 kg is supported on springs with negligible damping, the
resulting static deflection is found to be 45 mm. If the fan has a rotating unbalance of 0.15 kg-
m, find the amplitude of vibration at 1750 rpm.
(11) A rotating mass vibrator which generates vertical vibrations and which has a mass of 14,000
kg is fixed to a rigid 3.0 m diameter footing having a mass of 40,000 kg. The footing is located
on the surface of a deep stiff clay deposit having kz = 640 x 106 N/m and cz = 1.2 x 106 N s /
m. Determine the resonant frequency and the maximum amplitude of vibration if the
amplitude of the out of balance at the resonant frequency is 3.5 kN.