Sie sind auf Seite 1von 8


School : SMK Swastisari Kupang

Subject : English
Class/semester : X/I
Competence standard : English Communication at novice
Basic Competence : Describing things, people,
characteristics, time, day, month
and year.
Indicator : Describe things using the adjectives
of colors, shapes, origin, size,
amount and quality.
Time Allocation : 3 X 45 Minutes
I. Objective : At the end of teaching learning
activities, students are able to
describe things using the adjectives
of colors, shapes, origin, size,
amount and quality.

II. Teaching Material: :

What is Adjective?

An adjective is a word that describes a noun.

example: The tall man went into the restaurant.

The word tall is an adjective. It describes the noun, man.

List of Descriptive Adjectives

Descriptive adjectives can be divided into different categories such as colors, sizes, sound,
taste, touch, shapes, qualities, time, personality and ages.

 Colors are adjectives : black, blue, white, green, red

 Sizes : big, small, large, thin, thick
 Shapes: triangular, round, square, circular
 Qualities: good, bad,
 Personality : happy, sad, angry, depressed
 Time : Yearly , monthly, annually
 Ages : new, young, old, brand-new, second-hand
 Sound related Adjectives : loud, noisy, quiet, silent
 Touch related Adjectives : slippery, sticky
 Taste related Adjectives : juicy, sweet

(* Exercise 1: Find the adjective)

Attributive and Predicative Adjectives
Read the following sentences loudly!

 The old man is starring at the blue sea.

 He bought two brown balls.

 She had a beautiful smile.

 Tina wears her new dress.

 Her smile is beautiful.

Adjectives in the first position - before the noun - are called ATTRIBUTIVE
adjective. Those in the second position - after the noun - are called
PREDICATIVE adjectives. Notice that predicative adjectives do not occur
immediately after the noun.

(*Exercise 2 : find the attributive and predicative adjective)

Attributive only
There are some adjectives which can only be used before a noun, in the attributive
position. For instance, we talk about the main problem but cannot say, the problem was main.

Adjectives which occur only in the attributive position are generally those which identify
something as being of a particular type. For instance, we can talk about a financial decision
where financial distinguishes this from other types of decision, e.g.: medical, political. These
groups of adjectives are often referred to as classifying adjectives.

For example:

• This is the main reason.

* This reason is main. (ungrammatical)
• This is the former president.
* This president is former. (ungrammatical)

 A chemical reaction. (Not, a reaction which was/is chemical)

 The phonetic alphabet (Not, the alphabet is phonetic)
 It was an indoor pool. (Not, the pool was indoor)
Predicative only
There are some adjectives which only usually occur in the predicative position, as
complements of be or other link verbs. For instance, you can say “He felt glad”, but wouldn’t
normally talk about a glad person.

Adjectives which usually occur in the predicative position include those which describe
feelings, such as

 afraid
 glad
 ready
 sure
 sorry
 upset


 She felt afraid. (but not, an afraid girl)

 My daughter is upset. (but not, my upset


They also include a group of adjectives with prefix a-, such as:

 Asleep
 Alive
 Alone
 Ashamed
 Awake
 Aware


 I like being alone. (But not, I like being an alone person)

 The baby’s asleep. (But not, the asleep baby)

III. Teaching Method:

• Explanation

• Excercise (worksheet)
IV. Teaching –Learning Process:

a. Warming Up
 Teacher greets the students

 Teacher calls their names one by one

b. Main Process

 Teacher gives the primary question about the material.

 Teacher gives some explanation about the material.

 Students make sentences that are relevent to the topic by writing the
sentence on the white board.

 Teacher asks students to do excercise number 1 in 20 minutes.

 Teacher collect the worksheet, checking the errors and give more

 Continue the explanation and ask some students to do tasks on the

white board.

 Teacher ask students to do excecise number 2 in 20 minutes.

 Collect the worksheet and continue to explain the material.

c. Closing

 Teacher reviews the material given.

 Greets the students

V. Supporting Facilities:

a. Tools : white board and board marker, excercise sheet.

b. Resources:

o Stutents’ handout

VI. Evaluation:

* Essay Test

Exercise I

Name: ___________________________________
Class: ____________________

Directions: In each sentence, circle the adjective that describes the

underlined noun.

1. Leroy and Jenna walked up to an old castle.

2. Glenn put the golden key in the bag.

3. Today is the beautiful day.

4. The little birds flew from the nest.

5. Joe's truck has a flat tire.

 Circle the adjective in each sentence.
 Underline the noun that it describes.

1. I am holding a marker in my left hand.

2. Patricia played beautiful music on her guitar.

3. Has anyone read Caitlyn's latest story?

4. The ugly fox was eating the chicken.

5. Miguel ordered a large pizza.

Exercise II

Name: ___________________________________
Class: ____________________

 In each sentence, circle the adjective and noun
that it describes!
 Decide whether it is attributive or predicative way!

1. Martin and Thomas tried to finish a difficult puzzle.

(Attributive way / Predicative way)

2. Their mother made a delicious dinner.

(Attributive way / Predicative way)

3. Martin said, “The task is easy”.

(Attributive way / Predicative way)

4. Thomas fell asleep while doing the task.

(Attributive way / Predicative way)

5. Everybody knows that Martin is creative and smart.

(Attributive way / Predicative way)

6. He finished the challenging puzzle by himself.

(Attributive way / Predicative way)

7. Thomas got upset because Martin didn’t wake him for the dinner.
(Attributive way / Predicative way)

8. He woke up the next day with red face.

(Attributive way / Predicative way)

9. I wonder Thomas is angry.

(Attributive way / Predicative way)

10. He said to Martin, “You are a bad brother”.

(Attributive way / Predicative way)

Exercise I

Direction: In each sentence, circle the adjective that describes the underlined noun.

1. old
2. golden
3. beautiful
4. little
5. flat

 Circle the adjective in each sentence.
 Underline the noun that it describes.

1. Left hand.
2. Beautiful music
3. Latest story
4. Ugly fox
5. Large Coke.

Exercise II

1. Difficult puzzle - Attributive way

2. Delicious dinner – Attributive way

3. The task is easy – Predicative way

4. Thomas fell asleep – Predicative way

5. Martin is creative and smart – Predicative way

6. Challenging puzzle – Attributive way

7. Thomas got upset – Predicative way

8. Red face – Attributive way

9. Thomas is angry – Predicative way

10. Bad brother – Attributive way

*Score: ____Correct Answer___ X 100

Number of question

Kupang, November 9th 2010

Prospective Teacher

(Benediktus R. Rattu)

NIM : 0601020007


Supervisor Critic Teacher

(Drs.Godlief Vertygo, MA) (Ernesta E. Kama, S.pd)


Headmaster of SMK Swastisari Kupang

(Bonefasius Kia, S.pd)