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STAT-702 Assignment # 2 Final ( For Two Population)

Q.1. A sample of heights of 16 Englishmen has a mean of


67.85 inches and a standard deviation of 2.56 inches, while a
s sample of heights of 25 Australian has a mean of 68.55
inches and a standard deviation of 2.52 inches. Do the data
indicate that Australians are on the average taller than the
Englishmen
Q.2. A manufacturer claims that the average tensile strength of
thread A exceeds the average tensile strength of thread B by at
least 12 kilograms. To test this claim, 50 pieces of each type of
thread were tested under similar conditions. Type A thread
had an average tensile strength of 86.7 kilograms with a
standard deviation of 6.28 kilograms, while type B thread had
an average tensile strength of 77.8 kilograms with a standard
deviation of 5.61 kilograms. Test the manufacturer’s claim
using a 0.05 level of significance.
Q.3. A random sample of 10 professors in private colleges showed an
average monthly salary of Rs. 5000 with a standard deviation of Rs.
200. Another random sample of 15 professors in Govt, Colleges
showed an average monthly salary of Rs. 5600 with standard deviation
of Rs. 250. Test the hypothesis that the average salary for the
professors teaching in Govt. Colleges does not exceed the average
salary for professor teaching in private colleges.
Q.4. Ali distributing company hypothesizes that a phone call is more effective than a letter in speeding up
collection of slow accounts. Two groups of slow accounts were contracted, one by each methods and the
length of time between mailing the letter or making the call and the receipt payment was recorded (days of
collection)
LETTER : 10 8 9 11 11 14 10
PHONE CALL: 7 4 5 4 8 6 9
At 5 % level of significance, should company conclude that slow accounts are collected more quickly with
calls than with letters?
Q.5. A random sample of 80 light bulbs manufactured by company A had an average lifetime of 1258
hours with a standard deviation of 94 hours, while a random sample of 60 light bulbs manufactured by
company B had an average lifetime of 1029 hours with a standard deviation of 68 hours. Because of the
high cost of bulbs from company A, we are inclined to buy from company B unless the bulbs from
company A will last over 200 hours longer on the average than those from company B. Run a test using
to determine from whom we should buy our bulbs. Also find 95% C.I for difference between two
means.
Q.6. A new chemical fertilizer, nitro plus, yielded 20,400 pounds of tomatoes on the average on 40 randomly
selected acres of farmland. On another 100 randomly selected acres the standard organic fertilizer produced a
mean yield of 19,000.Construct 90 % Confidence interval for the difference in mean yield of tomatoes produced by
two fertilizers. Assume that the population standard deviations are known to be 1200 and 1000 respectively.
Q.7. A survey of family food expenditures is conducted at two major metropolitan areas. Random samples of 30
and 25 families are selected from the two areas and the following is found.
Food Expenditure per month
Area No. of Families Mean S.D
Faisalabad 30 300 50
Lahore 25 250 35
Determine whether there is a significant difference in the mean monthly food expenditure per family between the
areas. Also find 95% C.I for difference between two means.
Q.8. Suppose that an entomologist is interested in the weights of bumble bees, so he catches 20 of these bees at
random in a large alfalfa field in Davis, and obtains the average weight 200 milligrams. From prior information, he
knows the standard deviation of the weights is 50 mg. 30 bumble bees are obtained from another alfalfa field in
Sacramento and the average weight is 250 milligrams with a known standard deviation of 20 mg. Compute and
interpret the 95% confidence interval for the true difference between the bumble bee weights of Davis and
Sacramento.
Q.9. A mathematics professor claims that the variance on placement tests when the students use graphing
calculators will be smaller than the variance on placement tests when the students use scientific calculators. A
randomly selected group of 50 students who used graphing calculators had a variance of 32, and a randomly
selected group of 40 students who used scientific calculators had a variance of 37. Is the professor correct, using
level of significance 0.05?
Q.10.A researcher estimates that high school girls miss more days of school than high school boys. A
sample of 16 girls showed that they missed an average of 3.9 days of school per school year; a
sample of 22 boys showed that they missed an average of 3.6 days of school per year. The standard
deviations are 0.6 and 0.8, respectively. At α= 0.01, is there enough evidence to support the
Researcher’s claim?

Q.11. Health Care Knowledge Systems reported that an insured woman spends on average 2.3 days
in the hospital for a routine childbirth, while an uninsured woman spends on average 1.9 days.
Assume two samples of 16 women each were used and the standard deviations are both equal to 0.6
day. At α = 0.01, test the claim that the means are equal. Find the 99% confidence interval for the
differences of the means. Use the P-value method.
Q.12. A researcher wishes to determine whether the salaries of professional nurses employed by
private hospitals are higher than those of nurses employed by government-owned hospitals. She
selects a sample of nurses from each type of hospital and calculates the means and standard
deviations of their salaries. At α = 0.01, can she conclude that the private hospitals pay more than the
government hospitals? Assume that the populations are approximately normally distributed. Use the
P-value method.

Private Hospital Government Hospital


Sample size Sample Mean Sample S.D Sample size Sample Mean Sample S.D
10 $ 26800 $ 600 8 $ 25400 $ 450
Q.12. The times (in minutes) it took six white mice to learn to run a simple maze and the times it took six brown
mice to learn to run the same maze are given here. At α = 0.05, does the color of the mice make a difference in
their learning rate? Find the 95% confidence interval for the difference of the means. Use the P-value method.
White mice: 18 24 20 13 15 12
Brown mice: 25 16 19 14 16 10
Q 13. Incoming first-year students at a particular college are required to take a mathematics
placement exam. As an experiment, six randomly selected students are given the exam, and then they
participate in a 3-hour refresher class. These six students are then given a retest. Is there sufficient
evidence at the 0.05 level of significance that the refresher class helped? Find 95% C.I for difference
between two population means
Student: 1 2 3 4 5 6
Before: 10 16 12 12 18 20
After: 12 15 15 12 17 20
Q.14. Based on field experiments, a new variety green gram is expected to given a yield of
12.0 quintals per hectare. The variety was tested on 10 randomly selected farmers’ fields.
The yield (quintals/hectare) were recorded as 14.3,12.6,13.7,10.9, 13.7, 12.0, 11.4,12.0,
12.6, 13.1. Do the results conform the expectation?
Q.15. A group of 5 patients treated with medicine. A is of weight 42,39,38,60 &41 kgs.
Second group of 7 patients from the same hospital treated with medicine B is of weight 38,
42, 56, 64, 68, 69, & 62 kgs. Find whether there is any difference between medicines?
Q.16. A new variety of cotton was evolved by a breed. In order to compare its yielding ability
with that of a ruling variety, an experiment was conducted in Completely Randomised
Design. The yield (kg/plot) was observed. The summary of the results are given below. Test
whether the new variety of cotton gives higher yield than the ruling variety.
Sample Size Sample yield Sample variance
New variety 9 28.2 5.4430
Ruling Variety 11 25.9 1.2822
Q.17. The following data related to the rate of diffusion of CO2 through two series of
different porosity, find out whether the diffusion rate same for both sides. Diffusion through
fine soil (x1) and Diffusion through coarse soil= (x2)
X1: 20 31 31 23 28 23 26 27 26 17 17 25
X2: 19 30 32 28 15 26 35 18 25 27 35 34

Q.18. The iron contents of fruits before and after applying farm yard manure were observed
as follows.
Fruit No: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Before Applying 7.7 8.5 7.2 6.3 8.1 5.2 6.5 9.4 8.3 7.5
After Applying 8.1 8.9 7.0 6.1 8.2 8.0 5.8 8.9 8.7 8.0
Is there any Significant difference between the mean iron contents in the fruits before &
after the farm yarn manure? Also find 95% C.I for difference between two means.