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EDUCATIONAL

INSTITUTIONS
Michael Anjielo R. Tabuyan
Teacher, HUMSS Strand
Senior High School Department
San Beda College Alabang
COVERAGE

 Education
 Functions of Education in the Society
 Issues on Philippine Education
EDUCATION
EDUCATION
(Alejandria-Gonzales, 2016)

 Development of the intellect


 Act of thinking critically
EDUCATION
(Santarita and Madrid, 2016)
 Notion of education varies
through time and culture
 Greeks: school as “leisure” for
development of holistic
education
 Industrial Revolution as
compartmentalization of
education
 Educational institutions as
teacher for society membership
and survival
TYPES OF EDUCATION

 Formal
 Student learns inside the
classroom
 Follows a curriculum and is
being graded on his/her
performance
 Non-Formal
 Enables a student to learn
skills and knowledge through
structured learning
experiences
FUNCTIONS OF EDUCATION
(Santarita and Madrid, 2016;
Alejandria-Gonzales, 2016)

 Develop a productive citizenry


 Promote self-actualization
GOVERNMENT INSTITUTIONS
INVOLVED IN EDUCATION
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
(DEPED)
 Pre-School Education
 Elementary Education
 Secondary Education
 Junior High School
 Senior High School
 Alternative Learning System
(ALS)
COMMISSION ON
HIGHER EDUCATION (CHED)
 Tertiary Education
 Bachelor in Arts (BA/AB)
 Bachelor of Science (BS)

 Graduate Education/Graduate
School
 Master of Science
 Master of Arts
 Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
CLASSIFICATION OF HIGHER
EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS
 Public HEI
 State Universities and Colleges
(SUC) – HEIs established by the
national government through a
Republic Act (ex: PUP, PNU, UP)
 Local Universities and Colleges
(LUC)– HEIs established by the
local government
(province/city/municipality)
through an ordinance as provided
in the Local Government Code of
the Philippines or RA 7160 (ex:
PLM, UMAK, PLMUN)
 Private HEI
TECHNICAL EDUCATION AND SKILLS
DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY (TESDA)

Trade/Vocational
School system
National Certificate
SPECIALIZED SCHOOLS IN THE PHILIPPINES
MAJOR ISSUES IN PHILIPPINE
EDUCATION
BUDGET CUTS IN STATE UNIVERSITIES
AND COLLEGES (SUCs)
POPULATION
SUC 2010 2011 Change
(2011)
Eulogio ‘Amang’ Rodriguez Institute
12,743 Php2,307,300 2,422,700 5.00%
of Science & Technology (EARIST)
Marikina Polytechnic College (MPC) 2,880 Php6,693,000 5,978,000 -10.68%
Philippine Normal University (PNU) 12,084 Php53,656,000 51,245,000 -4.49%
Philippine State College of Aeronautics
5,699 Php10,383,000 9,646,000 -7.10%
(PHILSCA)
Polytechnic University of the Philippines (PUP) 61,990 Php114,114,000 90,684,000 -20.53%
Rizal Technological University (RTU) 20,146 Php21,047,000 18,942,000 -10.00%
Technological University of the Philippines
22,844 Php83,098,000 62,638,000 -24.62%
(TUP)
University of the Philippines System (UP) 52,385 Php1,358,332,000 Php653,999,000 -51.85%
LACK OF FACILITIES
LOW SALARY OF
GOVERNMENT TEACHERS
GROSS MONTHLY SALARY
BASED ON 2015 SALARY STANDARDIZATION LAW
SALARY
GRADE FIRST SECOND THIRD FOURTH
RANK
TRANCHE TRANCHE TRANCHE TRANCHE
(2016) (2017) (2018) (2019)
1 9, 478 9,981 10,510 11,068
PRISON GUARD I 5 12,488 12,975 13,481 14,007
PRISON INSPECTOR 10 17,730 18,217 18,718 19,233
TEACHER I 11 19,077 18,217 20,179 20,754
TEACHER III 13 22,328 23,257 24,224 25,232
MASTER TEACHER I 18 33,452 35,693 38,085 40,637
PMA CADET 16 28,417 30,044 31,765 33,584
CABINET SECRETARY 31 117,086 152,325 198,168 257,809
LACK OF TEACHERS IN SCHOOLS
(TABLE: AVERAGE TEACHER-PUPIL RATIO IN SELECTED ASEAN STATES)

COUNRTY LEVEL 2006 2013


PRIMARY 1:35 1:31
PHILIPPINES
SECONDARY 1:37 1:27
PRIMARY 1:23 No data
SINGAPORE
SECONDARY 1:18 No data
PRIMARY 1:21 1:19
VIETNAM
SECONDARY 1:23 No data
PRIMARY 1:31 1:26
LAOS
SECONDARY 1:25 1:18
PRIMARY 1:20 1:16
INDONESIA
SECONDARY 1:12 1:15
Source: World Bank and Philippine National Statistics Coordination Board
DE-NATIONALIZED K-12 CURRICULUM
OVERCROWDING IN CLASSROOMS
AND INCIDENCE OF DROPPING