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Orden para leer tragedias clásicas


1. Prometheus Bound by Aeschylus (?) (b. 525 bc; Greek): Prometheus punished for
helping mankind; a good read
2. [Prometheus Unbound by Percy Shelley (English): Prometheus gets a happier
ending; I seem to recall long boring passages]
3. Bacchae by Euripides (b. 485 bc; Greek): starring Dionysus, Penthius, & Agave;
women in a cult tear a man to pieces in their religious frenzy; one of the more
referenced of E’s plays.


1. Alcestis by Euripides; starring Heracles
2. Heracles aka Madness Of Heracles by Euripides; crazed Heracles mistakenly kills
his own children
3. Hercules Furens by Seneca; same story as above
4. Trachiniae by Sophocles (b. 496 bc; Greek); Heracles’ wife Deaineira is jealous of
his new girl Iola; she asks Nessus the centaur for help; this one seems to be
anthologized fairly often
5. Hercules Oetaeus by Seneca (?); same story as above
6. Children Of Heracles by Euripides; Hercules’ children are being attacked; haven’t
read it, and it doesn’t sound great


1. Medea by Euripides; Medea is crazy-angry at husband Jason who is putting her
aside for the daughter of Creon (I call this Creon, “Creon I”; there is another Creon
in other plays who is the father-in-law of Oedipus); important female character to
2. Medea by Seneca; same story as above; not sure which version is the modernly
favored one
3. Hippolytus by Euripides; Phaedra, the sister of poor Ariadne (who was abandoned
by Theseus after she helped him escaped the Minotaur), is married to Theseus. But
Phaedra falls in love with Hippolytus who, unfortunately, is her husband’s son from
another marriage; Phaedra is an good female character to know
4. Phaedra by Seneca; same story as above
5. [Phedra by Racine]


1. Oedipus Tyrannus by Sophocles; Oedipus discovers he has mistakenly married his
mother Jocasta; also starring Teiresias and Creon (“Creon II,” brother of Jocasta);
perhaps the greatest classical drama
2. Oedipus by Seneca; same story as above
3. Seven Against Thebes by Aeschylus; Oedipus’s sons fight, both die, but son
Polyneices is forbidden burial– the king of Thebes, Creon II, considers him a traitor;
Polyneice’s sister (O’s daughter) Antigone says she will bury him anyway. It’s rules
vs. heart, state vs. religion, government vs. rebel from there.
4. Oedipus Coloneus by Sophocles; starring: blind Oedipus; Antigone, Theseus, and
Creon II
5. Phoenissae by Seneca; same basic subject matter as Oedipus Coloneus
6. Phoenician Women by Euripedes; Antigone’s brothers kill each other; she and her
blind pops, Oedipus, go on their way
7. Antigone by Sophocles; “Creon II” has forbidden burial of Polyneices; Antigone
goes against Creon’s wishes; also starring Teiresias, Eurydice (Creon’s wife).
Antigone is cool female character to know
8. Suppliants, The by Euripides; Theseus makes sure the Seven Against Thebes get a
decent burial


1. Thyestes by Seneca The Younger (b. 4 bc; Roman); appearing: Atreus (father of
Agamemnon), Thyestes, Ghost Of Tantalus (Agamemnon’s great-grandfather)
2. Iphigeneia At Aulis by Euripides; Agamemnon must sacrifice his daughter
Iphigeneia so the Greeks can sail to Troy
3. Iphigeneia In Tauris by Euripides; in this version of the story, Iphigeneia has
actually survived the sacrifice-ritual and has her own adventure
4. Philoctetes by Sophocles; Philoctetes has been marooned by the Greeks on their
way to Troy; Odysseus and Ajax return to get the Bow Of Heracles possessed by
Philoctetes, who is, understandably, not disposed to help them
5. Rhesus by Euripides (?); a dramatization of the tenth book of The Iliad; Odysseus
and Diomedes on a night sortie; Rhesus is a king come to help the opposing Trojans
6. Ajax by Sophocles; Ajax goes mad; some big names from The Iliad appear
7. Hecuba by Euripides; ghost of Achilles demands that Hecuba sacrifice her
daughter Polyxena; bad enough, but then the corpse of Hecuba’s son washes up
8. Helen by Euripides; in this version, Helen never went to Troy, but to Egypt instead,
where hubbie Menelaus later finds her for a happy ending
9. Trojan Women by Euripides; the sad fate of the womenfolk of defeated Troy
10. Trojan Women by Seneca; same basic story as above
11. Andromache by Euripides; Hermione’s husband Neoptolemus has brought home a
captive from the Trojan War who is none other than Andromache, the widow of
Hector; Neoptolemus plans to make her his slave-concubine. Hermione attempts to
kill Andromache. Menelaus and Orestes make appearances.
12. [Andromache by Racine]
13. Cyclops by Euripides; starring: Odysseus, Polydorus the cyclops, and Dionysus the
14. Oresteia I: Agamemnon by Aeschylus; Agamemnon returns from the Trojan war
to be killed by wife Clytemnestra because he sacrificed their daughter Iphigeneia to
the gods before he left; other cast: Cassandra, Aegisthus; Clytemnestra is a great
female character, ‘tho she seems less known today than Medea or Phaedra; a good
15. Agamemnon by Seneca; also about the death of Agamemnon
16. Oresteia II: The Libation Bearers, aka The Choephoroe by Aeschylus; Orestes
returns to aid his sister Electra after their father Agamemnon has been murdered by
their mother Clytemnestra.
17. Electra by Sophocles; Orestes arrives to avenge pop’s death; starring: Electra,
Clytemnestra, Aegisthus; Electra is yet another important female character in
Ancient Literature.
18. Electra by Euripides; same basic story as above
19. Oresteia III: The Eumenides, aka The Furies, aka The Kindly Ones by
Aeschylus; After his crime of patricide, Orestes is pursued by The Furies to Athens
for a trial presided over by Athena; story isn’t so great perhaps, but some interesting
thoughts on crime and punishment
20. Orestes by Euripides; after the patricide, Orestes goes mad; also appearing:
Electra, Menelaus, Helen, Hermione.


1. Persians, The by Aeschylus
2. Octavia by Seneca (?)
3. Ion by Euripedes
4. Suppliants, The by Aeschylus