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Computer 7

Moore’s law

Moore's Law is the observation made

in 1965 by Gordon Moore, co-founder
of Intel, that the number of transistors
per square inch on integrated circuits
had doubled every year since the
integrated circuit was invented.
Moore predicted that this trend
would continue for the foreseeable

1 Pb 1000 Tb Petabyte
1 Tb 1000 Gb Terabyte
1 Gb 1000 Mb Gigabyte
1 Mb 1000 Kb Megabyte
1 Kb 1000 b Kilobytes / bytes

Applying ICT today

 The early 20th century marked the genesis of wireless communications technology in the
form of radiotelegraphy. In 1901, radio signals from Cornwall, England were sent to
Newfoundland, Canada (across the Atlantic ocean) by means of a transmitter and a
receiver especially made by Guglielmo Marconi.
 Before the telephone was invented, telegram services were present to facilitate one-way
communicatons. The mode of transmission could be any of the following: radio, wire (i.e.,
electrical) or other mechanical means,
 Telefacsimile or fax machine was invented by the Scottish philosopher Alexander Bain in
1843 and was patented the same year.
 Today, we have what is called “internet fax” wherein facsimile documents are sent and
received without an actual fax machine.
 Information technology or IT- the technology necessary for processing information is now
accepted to be of the driving forces in the modern world. It has transformed and
continues to change the way people live and communicate because of the rate at which
the computers and technology behind them improve with time.

Gordon moore once predicted that the power of transistors in a computer would double
every year (Moore’s law). While this rate has decreased somewhat, data density still has
managed to double every 18 months. Moore and other IT experts foresee this trend to be
maintained in the next 20 years.

1. WiFi- Wireless fidelity- provides fast wireless online connection using radio signals.
2. 3G or 3rd Generation Mobile Telecommunications use the cellular infrastructure to
connect people to the internet without the need of land-based phone line
3. International Telecommunication Union or ITU
4. Information and Communications Technology (ICT)- merging of sorts such that two the
two fields are now indistinguishable from one another- fused as one technological
reference point.
5. Digital Subscriber Line (DSL)
6. Local Area Network (LAN)
7. IT- technology used in processing information
8. Radiotelegraphy- message transmission using radio signal
9. E learning- electronic learning; refers to any learning experience facilitated
electronically/computer-based learning, which involves access to learn lessons stored in
digital media and the use of the internet

Development of internet in the Philippines

Tuesday,march 29 1994 at 10:18 am at the university of San Carlos, Talamban,
Cebu the Philippines was linked to the world via internet.
 An Acid is a substance that gives H+ ions when dissolved in water
 Acidity is measured on a scale called pH. The value of pH determines how acidic or basic
a solution is. A pH of 1 is very acidic; a pH of 14 is a strong alkali. A neutral solution (or
pure water) has a pH of 7.
 There are chemicals that change colour at different pH values. These are called
indicators. One of the most famous is Litmus. This substance turns red when the pH is
less than 7 (acidic) and turns blue when the pH is greater than 7 (basic).
 A Salt results when an acid reacts with a base. Both are neutralised. The H+ and OH- ions
combine to form water. The non metalic ions of the acid and the metal ions of the base
form the salt.
 A Base is a substance that gives OH- ions when dissolved in water.