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1.

Name the organs that make up the upper respiratory system


Nose & nasal cavities
pharynx
throat
larynx (voice box)

2. Voice box is known as the _larynx_

3. The loop of henle carries blood (T or F) FALSE

4. Name the organs that make up the lower respiratory system


Trachea
Bronchial tube
Lungs

5. The small intestine has _3_ sections (duodenum, jejunum, ileum)

6. The trachea slips into two branches known as the:


a. Bronchioles
b. Bronchi
c. Alveoli
d. Capillaries

7. Respiration occurs in _________


a. Bronchioles
b. Bronchi
c. Alveoli
d. Diaphragm

8. Liver is known as the filter organ of our body (T or F) TRUE

9. _Inspiration_ is air moving into the lungs and _Expiration_ moves air out of the lungs

10. Name the four main roles of the GI system


Digestion
Absorption
Metabolism
Excretion

11. _parasympathetic_ nervous system directs the GI system


12. The mouth has how many salivary glands? 3 (parotid, sublingual, submandibular)

13. Involuntary muscle contraction and relaxation to propel down food


a. Parotid gland
b. Ingestion
c. Peristalsis
d. Digestion

14. Name the auxillary organs of the GI system


Liver
Gall bladder
Spleen
Pancreas

15. Our throat are known as


a. Pharynx
b. Larynx
c. Esophagus
d. Sigmoid

16. After the esophagus the food we eat, enters the liver for further breakdown (T or F) FALSE

17. Absorption of nutrients mainly happens in _small_ intestine

18. Amylase is used to breakdown


a. Fats
b. Sugars
c. Protein
d. Amino

19. Trypsin is used to breakdown


a. Fats
b. Sugars
c. Protein
d. Lipid

20. The liver is right above the left kidney (T or F) FALSE

21. Blood enters the kidney through _hilus_ from the renal artery

22. The _renal vein_ and _ureter_ leave the kidneys

23. The _ureter_ carry wastes removed from the blood to the bladder

24. The _urethra_ is a short tube leading from the bladder to the outside
25. _Nephron_ is the functional unit of the kidney

26. Only _plasma_ can pass through glomerular capillaries into the bowman capsule

27. The afferent arteriole carries clean blood (T or F) FALSE

28. The renal veins carries clean blood (T or F) TRUE

29. Name the organs that make up the lower respiratory system trachea, bronchial tube,
lungs

30. Renin is produced by _kidney_

31. Renin is released when there is too much calcium in the blood (T or F) TRUE

32. Liver helps in balancing electrolyte levels (T or F) TRUE

33. Which cation helps with bone and teeth formation? Calcium

34. Absorption of water mainly happens in _large_ intestine