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AC R O N Y M S

2B1Q two-binary, one-quaternary BER Basic Encoding Rules


4B/5B four binary, five binary BGP Border Gateway Protocol
4D-PAM5 4-dimensional, 5-level pulse amplitude BNC Bayone-Neill-Concelman
modulation BOOTP Bootstrap Protocol
8B/10B eight binary, ten binary BRI basic rate interface
8B6T eight binary, six ternary BSS basic service set
AAL (ATM) application adaptation layer CA Certification Authority
AAS adaptive antenna system CATV community antenna TV
ABM asynchronous balanced mode CBC cipher-block chaining
ABR available bit rate CBR constant bit rate
ACK acknowledgment CBT Core-Based Tree
ACL asynchronous connectionless link CCITT Consultative Committee for International
ADM adaptive DM Telegraphy and Telephony
ADPCM adaptive DPCM CCK complementary code keying
ADSL asymmetric digital subscriber line CDMA code division multiple access
AES Advanced Encryption Standard CDPD cellular digital packet data
AH authentication header CDV cell delay variation
AIMD additive increase, multiplicative CEPT Comité Européen de Post et Telegraphie
decrease CGI common gateway interface
AM amplitude modulation CHAP Challenge Handshake Authentication
AMI alternate mark inversion Protocol
AMPS Advanced Mobile Phone System CIDR Classless Interdomain Routing
ANSI American National Standards Institute CIR committed information rate
ANSNET Advanced Networks and Services CLP cell loss priority
Network CLR cell loss ratio
AP access point CMS Cryptographic Message Syntax
API application programming interface CMTS cable modem transmission system
APS automatic protection switching CPE customer premises equipment
ARP Address Resolution Protocol CRC cyclic redundancy check
ARPA Advanced Research Projects Agency CS convergence sublayer
ARPANET Advanced Research Projects Agency CSM cipher stream mode
Network CSMA carrier sense multiple access
ARQ automatic repeat request CSMA/CA carrier sense multiple access with collision
AS authentication server avoidance
AS autonomous system CSMA/CD carrier sense multiple access with collision
ASCII American Standard Code for Information detection
Interchange CSNET Computer Science Network
ASK amplitude shift keying CSRC contributing source
ASN.1 Abstract Syntax Notation One CSS Cascading Style Sheets
ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode CTS clear to send
AUI attachment unit interface D-AMPS digital AMPS
B-frame bidirectional frame DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects
B8ZS bipolar with 8-zero substitution Agency
BASK binary amplitude shift keying dB decibel
Bc committed burst size DC direct current
BECN backward explicit congestion DCF distributed coordination function
notification DCT discrete cosine transform
DDNS Dynamic Domain Name System
DDS digital data service HDLC High-level Data Link Control
DE discard eligibility HDSL high bit rate digital subscriber line
DEMUX demultiplexer HEC header error check
DES Data Encryption Standard HFC hybrid-fiber-coaxial
DHCP Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol HMAC hashed MAC (hashed message
DHT distributed hash table authentication code)
DiffServ Differentiated Services HR-DSSS high-rate direct-sequence spread
DIFS distributed interframe space spectrum
DISC disconnect HTML HyperText Markup Language
DMT discrete multitone technique HTTP HyperText Transfer Protocol
DNS Domain Name System Hz hertz
DOCSIS Data Over Cable System Interface I-frame inter-coded frame
Specification IAB Internet Architecture Board
DPCM differential PCM IANA Internet Assigned Numbers
DS-n digital signal-n Authority
DSL digital subscriber line iBGP internal BGP
DSLAM digital subscriber line access ICANN Internet Corporation for Assigned
multiplexer Names and Numbers
DSS Digital Signature Standard ICMP Internet Control Message Protocol
DSSS direct sequence spread spectrum IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics
DTE data terminal equipment Engineers
DVMRP Distance Vector Multicast Routing IESG Internet Engineering Steering Group
Protocol IETF Internet Engineering Task Force
DWDM dense wave-division multiplexing IFDMA interleaved FDMA
EBCDIC extended binary coded decimal IFS interframe space
interchange code IGMP Internet Group Management Protocol
eBGP external BGP IGP Interior Gateway Protocol
ECB electronic codebook IKE Internet Key Exchange
EGP Exterior Gateway Protocol ILEC incumbent local exchange carrier
EIA Electronic Industries Alliance IMAP Internet Mail Access Protocol
ENQ enquiry frame INTERNIC Internet Network Information Center
ESP Encapsulating Security Payload IntServ Integrated Services
ESS extended service set IP Internet Protocol
FA foreign agent IPCP Internetwork Protocol Control Protocol
FCC Federal Communications IPng Internet Protocol, next generation
Commission IPSec IP Security
FCS frame check sequence IPv4 Internet Protocol, version 4
FDD frequency division duplex IPv6 Internet Protocol, version 6
FDDI Fiber Distributed Data Interface IRTF Internet Research Task Force
FDM frequency division multiplexing IS-95 Interim Standard 95
FDMA frequency division multiple access ISAKMP Internet Security Association and
FEC forward error correction Key Management Protocol
FHSS frequency-hopping spread spectrum ISDN Integrated Services Digital Network
FIFO first-in, first-out ISN initial sequence number
FM frequency modulation ISO International Organization for
FRMR frame reject Standardization
FQDN fully qualified domain name ISOC Internet Society
FSK frequency shift keying ISP Internet service provider
FTP File Transfer Protocol ITM-2000 Internet Mobile Communication 2000
GEO geostationary Earth orbit ITU International Telecommunications
GIF graphical interchange format Union
GPS Global Positioning System ITU-T ITU, Telecommunication Standardization
GSM Global System for Mobile Sector
Communication IV initial vector
HA home agent (Continued on back end sheets)
(Continued from front end sheets)
JPEG Joint Photographic Experts Group NRM normal response mode
KDC key-distribution center NRZ nonreturn-to-zero
L2CAP Logical Link Control and Adaptation NRZ-I nonreturn-to-zero, invert
Protocol NRZ-L nonreturn-to-zero, level
LAN local area network NSA National Security Agency
LAP line access procedure NSF National Science Foundation
LCP Link Control Protocol NSFNET National Science Foundation
LEO low-Earth-orbit Network
LIS logical IP subnet NVT network virtual terminal
LLC logical link control OADM optical add-drop multiplexer
LMI local management information OC optical carrier
LMP Link Management Protocol OFB output feedback
LPC linear predictive coding OFDM orthogonal-frequency-division-multiplexing
LSA link-state advertisement OOK on-off keying
LSP link-state packet OSI Open Systems Interconnection
MA multiple access OSPF Open Shortest Path First
MAA message access agent P/F poll/final
MAC media access control P2P peer-to-peer
MAC message authentication code PAM pulse amplitude modulation
MAN metropolitan area network PAP Password Authentication Protocol
MBONE multicast backbone PC predictive coding
MBS maximum burst size PCF point coordination function
MC-CDMA multi-carrier CDMA PCM pulse code modulation
MD Message Digest PCS personal communication system
MDC modification detection code PDU protocol data unit
MEO medium-Earth-orbit PGP Pretty Good Privacy
MH mobile host PHB per-hop behavior
MIB Management Information Base PIM Protocol Independent Multicast
MID message identifier PIM-DM Protocol Independent Multicast-Dense
MII medium independent interface Mode
MILNET Military Network PIM-SM Protocol Independent Multicast-Sparse
MIME Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions Mode
MIMO multiple-input, multiple-output antenna PING Packet Internet Groper
MLT-3 multiline transmission, 3-level PKI public key infrastructure
modem modulator-demodulator PM phase modulation
MOSPF Multicast Open Shortest Path First PN pseudorandom noise
MP3 MPEG audio layer 3 PNNI private network-to-network interface
MPEG Motion Picture Experts Group POP point of presence
MPLS multi-protocol label switching POP3 Post Office Protocol, version 3
MSC mobile switching center POS packet over SONET
MSS maximum segment size POTS plain old telephone system
MTA mail transfer agent PPM pulse position modulation
MTSO mobile telephone switching office PPP Point-to-Point Protocol
MTU maximum transfer unit PQDN partially qualified domain name
MUX multiplexer PSK phase shift keying
NAK negative acknowledgment PSTN Public Switched Telephone Network
NAP network access point PVC permanent virtual circuit
NAT Network Address Translation QAM quadrature amplitude modulation
NAV network allocation vector QoS quality of service
NCP Network Control Protocol RACE Research in Advance Communication for
NIC Network Information Center Europe
NIC network interface card RADSL rate adaptive asymmetrical digital
NIST National Institute of Standards and subscriber line
Technology RARP Reverse Address Resolution Protocol
NNI network-to-network interface REJ reject
RFC Request for Comment SSH Secure Shell
RIP Routing Information Protocol SSL Secure Sockets Layer
rlogin remote logging SSN stream sequence number
RNR Receive Not Ready SSRC synchronization source
ROM read-only memory STM synchronous transport module
RP rendezvous point STP shielded twisted-pair
RPB reverse path broadcasting STS synchronous transport signal
RPF reverse path forwarding SVC switched virtual circuit
RPM reverse path multicasting TCAP transaction capabilities application port
RSA Rivest, Shamir, Adleman TCB transmission control block
RSVP Resource Reservation Protocol TCP Transmission Control Protocol
RTCP Real-time Transport Control Protocol TCP/IP Transmission Control Protocol/ Internet
RTO retransmission time-out Protocol
RTP Real-time Transport Protocol TDD time-division duplex
RTS request to send TDM time-division multiplexing
RTSP Real-Time Streaming Protocol TDMA time-division multiple access
RTT round-trip time TELNET Terminal Network
RZ return-to-zero TFTP Trivial File Transfer Protocol
S/MIME Secure/Multipurpose Internet Mail TLI transport-layer interface
Extensions TLS Transport Layer Security
SA Security Association TOS type of service
SAD Security Association Database TP transmission path
SAR segmentation and reassembly TRPB truncated reverse-path broadcasting
SCCP signaling connection control part TSI time-slot interchange
SCO synchronous connection-oriented TSN transmission sequence number
SCP server control point TTL time to live
SCTP Stream Control Transmission Protocol TUP telephone user port
SDH Synchronous Digital Hierarchy UA user agent
SDR Software Defined Radio UBR unspecified bit rate
SDSL symmetric digital subscriber line UDP User Datagram Protocol
SDU service data unit UMTS Universal Mobile Telecommunication
SEAL simple and efficient adaptation layer System
SFD start frame delimiter UNI user-to-network interface
SHA Secure Hash Algorithm URL uniform resource locator
SIFS short IFS (interframe space) UTP unshielded twisted-pair
SIP Session Initiation Protocol VBR variable bit rate
SKEME Secure Key Exchange Mechanism VC virtual circuit
SMI Structure of Management Information VCC virtual circuit connection
SMTP Simple Mail Transfer Protocol VCI virtual circuit identifier
SNMP Simple Network Management VDSL very high bit rate digital subscriber line
Protocol VLAN virtual local area network
SNR signal-to-noise ratio VoIP voice over IP
SOFDMA Scalable OFDMA VP virtual path
SONET Synchronous Optical Network VPI virtual path identifier
SP Security Policy VPN virtual private network
SP Simple Protocol VT virtual tributary
SPD Security Policy Database WAN wide area network
SPE synchronous payload envelope WDM wavelength-division multiplexing
SPI security parameter index WiMAX Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave
SR selective-repeat Access
SREJ selective reject WWW World Wide Web
SS spread spectrum XHTML Extensible HyperText Markup Language
SS7 Signaling System Seven XML Extensible Markup Language
SSCS service specific convergence XSL Extensible Style Language
sublayer