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Next, let's take a look at the heat generation term in the weak form.

That's this term over here.


This is in general called a "source term"
so you see that terminology being used.
And source terms, it's basically a known function and here, it's a constant
but it could also be a function.
In structural mechanics, this could be gravity.
So that would be a source term or in the wind turbine
blade example that we will do, the centripetal acceleration
is going to be applied in this way.
It'll be a source term.
And if we integrate this term, we have to do the integration again element
by element.
And let's do it over the first element.
I can take Q out of the integral so I'll take Q out of the integral
and I'll say 0 to delta x.
So delta x is that distance times the weighting function times dx.
So it just becomes an integral of the weighting function
and that means that this integral will give me this area.
And you can work out what that area is and that comes out to be Q.
You'll get w1 plus w2 times delta x divided by 2.
That's the area.
And I can split this into the part that depends on w1 and w2.
So the part that depends on w1 is going to be Q delta x over 2
and the part that depends on w2 is going to also be Q delta x over 2.
If I multiplied this by A, which is equal to multiplying this
by A-- in fact, when you do the procedure rigorously,
that's what you would do it.
So the term QA delta x-- so Q is the heat generation per unit volume
and that's a volume.
That's heat generated in the element.
And in this case, that would be for any element
because the element lengths are all the same.
So this is interesting, that when you integrate that term, what happens
is you can interpret that as that half of the heat generated
is assigned to this and half of it is assigned to this.
So if I divide this into two, half of this heat generated gets assigned here
and half of it gets assigned here.
And similarly for element two, half of this will get assigned here
and half of this will get assigned here.
And so when you work it all out, what happens
is that for w1, you'll get only one contribution.
So it'll just be Q delta x over 2 plus for w2,
you'll get two contributions, this one from the first element
and then you'll also get a contribution from the second element.
So that'll be q delta x over 2 plus w3 and so on.
You can work it out.
And let me go back to the-- I showed all the equations
that were multiplied by the weights.
So you can see how this term comes about.
That's half of the contribution here.
You can see how this term comes about.
That includes both of these contributions and so on.
And if you write this in this form-- that's the stiffness matrix form.
This is how it's usually written-- by the way,
I notice that in one of my earlier slides, I call this q
and now I'm calling it f.
Sorry about mixing notations on you.
It's the same thing.
But what this means is that the heat generation or the source term
is going to affect all the rows of f because it
appears in all the equations.
This is in contrast to this term that's going to affect
only the equations at the boundaries.
So that gives you some insights into how the source term gets incorporated
into the algebraic equations.