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JF Standard for Japanese-Language Education


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Introduction

Welcome to Marugoto: Japanese Language and Culture, a comprehensive series of


coursebooks for adult learners of Japanese as a foreign language developed by the Japan
Foundation and based on the JF Standard for Japanese Language Education.
The Japan Foundation engages in a variety of cultural exchange initiatives aimed at
deepening understanding of Japan overseas and promoting mutual understanding between
Japan and other countries. We think it is important that our work, including our work in
Japanese language education, takes place in a way that encourages mutual understanding
between people in situations where international cultural exchange takes place, and
Marugoto: Japanese Language and Culture is based on this way of thinking.
The word Marugoto means 'whole' or 'everything' , and was chosen as the title of
the coursebook because the course encompasses both language and culture, features
communication between people in a range of situations, and allows you to experience a
variety of aspects of Japanese culture through hundreds of colourful photographs and
illustrations.
The coursebook also incorporates many innovative components for learning language
including:
• learning divided into two volumes: Katsuda (coursebook for communicative language
activities), aimed at improving ability in language performance, and Rikai (coursebook for
language competences), aimed at improving ability in language knowledge - so that you
can choose a method of study that meets your needs and suits your learning style
• designed with an emphasis on understanding and respecting other cultures, and
containing situations where people from a variety of cultural backgrounds interact in
Japanese
• learning Japanese through listening to a variety of natural contextualized conversations
• management of your own learning through a portfolio approach
We hope that Marugoto: Japanese Language and Culture will motivate you to enjoy learning
the Japanese language and Japanese culture, and will help you feel closer to the people
who actually live in this culture and speak the language.

June 2014
The Japan Foundation
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11
Marugoto: Japanese Language and Culture is a coursebook that is based on the JF
Standard for Japanese Language Education. It has the following features.

Japanese Levels of JF Standard for Japanese Language Education


Marugoto employs levels that correspond to the six stages of the JF Standard for
Japanese Language Education (A 1-C2). Marugoto (Starter) is A1 level.

A1 level
· Can understand and use familiar everyday expressions and very basic phrases
aimed at the satisfaction of needs of a concrete type.
· Can introduce him/herself and others and can ask and answer questions about
personal details such as where he/she lives. people he/she knows and things
he/she has.
· Can interact in a simple way provided the other person
talks slowly and clearly and is prepared to help.
Source: JF Standard for Japanese Language
Education 2010
Users' Guide Book (2nd
edition)

1!11¥9:lllfO)g~{flfl:I E!II.l,t.:g~j?ifflflil AAil L,t.:gafifflfl~


Basic User Independent User Proficient User

• Two Marugoto coursebooks: "Katsudoo" and "Rikai "


Marugoto offers two methods of study aimed at enabling you to communicate using
Japanese: Katsudoo and Rikai.

Katsudoo : a coursebook for communicative language activities


· For people who want to start using Japanese immediately
· The objective is to gain practical ability communicating in everyday situations.
· You will practise listening to and speaking Japanese a lot.

Rikai : a coursebook for communicative language competences


· For people who want to learn about Japanese
· The objective is to study the features of the Japanese language that are
necessary for communication.
· You will systematically study how Japanese is used in communication.

12
Katsudoo and Rikai should both be seen as main study materials. Decide which to choose
based on your learning objectives. In addition, Katsudoo and Rikai use the same topics. If
you use both, you can make progress in your overall Japanese proficiency.

lntercultural Understanding
Marugoto offers learning in both language and culture. There is help with intercultural
understanding in various places, such as the situations of the-: conversations, contents of
the conversations, photographs and illustrations. Learn about Japanese culture, reflect on
your own culture and deepen your intercultural understanding.

3F.13B

i. ~

8:$:3t1tt::di-c\ -n.,,:a:-:::i< ~) *L,t.:: o


c.-cit.::(J) l,1J)-:,f.:c'9o
If I compare Japanese food with Australian food , they
----1- both rely on fresh ingredients and the natural tastes of
the fresh ingredients.
•.

• Managing your own Study


It is very important to evaluate and manage your learning by yourself in order to keep
going in language learning. Make a record of the Japanese language and culture you have
studied using the portfolio. When you look at the portfolio, you can clearly understand your
own learning processes and your accomplishments.

D Course Flow
The Marugoto (Starter A1 Katsudoo) course is designed with communicative language
activities at its heart. One lesson will be studied in each class hour. The suggested class
length for one lesson is around 90-120 minutes. In the middle and at the end of the course,
you will do Test and Reflection' 1 and 2, so there will be a total of twenty classes.

Standard Course Example


: :
: ; : :

90-12() mirutes X 10 99-120 minutes x8 j I


lesson lesson
lesson .... ,: lesson
...- :
1 10 11 18

Test and Reflection 1 Test and Reflection 2


13
fl Topic and Lesson Flow
Each topic has two lessons. Look at the photographs and
talk about what kind of thing you think you are going to
••••• do. Check the Can-do statements to see what you will be
able to do by the end of each lesson.

Listen to the recording and check your understanding


while pointing at the photographs and illustrations. Try ..,.;.1~1.. . 111 •.
i
r -,-t.

saying the words and sentence patterns quietly as you listen.


Remember the words that you need. Audio files URL- p17

..... You will listen to a lot of contextualized conversations. As well as understanding the

.•
• contents of the conversation, it is important to grasp the flow of the conversation and
notice the expressions that are often used. Audio files URL--. p17
••

U\•. f: "-it". \'1',l. h~ .:: r.tLll l:"-1."itl.. .



.. ,..
(1) ,S~;:'liA.7'~7-H:
' ~
,St,,;.t.:a)
.
•• •
~t.:~.:t D"~ll,~~.
• • . .. Speak in pairs using
to. 1,cie_u ,,... n~-.-- ~ ,.., -a:,e.--_,11...,
the expressions in the
(1)L1Jt, '5~.:'.11:A. --t t:."'-•Ttt. (11:ll : (' tit,~ : x)

(2) ~~a> .•~~.:'.!tA.1'.'T 11.


conversations you listened to. If you
cannot do it well, try listening to the
~ 1 :i,"~.l 2 .t.-t~L
~3 fJ- ~~/,,,
~4 !~~~,·~~
I
5 (')f:~J.., conversation again.
a D

r
d e1-oressions
~:.}.!:· ·:~fJ;, >~:~:~"''
!):,.:,;, ...-, "= • • • ...... \Nords an attention
nou\d paY
- yous
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Goc!'- to-.u -
to

Abe-san Noda-san Kimu-san Shin-san Kawai-san Hose-san


Japan Japan (Kim-san) (Singh-san) Japan (Jose-san)
14 Korea India Mexico
The Roman alphabet is used to lighten the burden of

............... reading Japanese characters. The instructions also


contain an English translation.

A lot of photographs and


illustrations are used to make
......... the lesson contents easy to
understand and fun to study.

.•••
.........

r,.,.. do ("hP.~l,c
After the lesson check by
yourself whether you could do the
Can-do statements and write a
comment.
·can-do Check' p144-p145 URL-+ p17 .....................
·te !:l d Culture
You will look at a variety of photographs showing Japanese life and
culture. You will compare it with both your own country and yourself.
1. "/•>-'1- ,,:., ·i"1't.....i,, ,..,.-1... .,, 2 ~-,•<J...i'L r.o.,. ,,, -
3 f:t;.< \•,t:f o<<MI> I 4 :1-t-..-:,~":f - < •• 5 -...(.i:: 1<-•• -,i,,.

and discuss what you think with the class.

Icons

rm Listen and repeat fj Listen

m Talk in pairs - Write

liJ Read I Recognise Add to your portfolio

Rate your performance using Audio


-san: In Japanese, san is put after
the 'Can-do Check' sound other people's names to show
respect or politeness. (Abe-san)

Tanaka-san Satoo-san Yoshida-san Joi-san Suzuki-san Yan-san Kaara-san


Japan Japan Japan (Joy-san) Japan (Yang-san) (Carla-san)
Australia Malaysia France 15
I] Activities for lntercultural Understanding
Marugoto is a course where you study language and culture together. You should use
Japanese and experience Japanese culture outside the classroom as well.
· Look at Japanese websites · Watch Japanese dramas and films
· Try going to Japanese restaurants · Try going to events related to Japan
· Try talking to Japanese friends and acquaintances

Talk about the things you have experienced outside the classroom with your classmates.

II How to Manage your own Learning


1) Can-do Check
Do the 'Can-do Check' (p144-p145) when you finish a lesson. Look back on your study
and write comments. You can write in your preferred language.

**'1!: l, f. l,t.; ld1dlt. butcould001tbettcr **'k T!" t. l,r-; ld,d1t *** #- (Ti!' f. l,t.; ld1d1t we ll Examples of comments
(n ]~C:::::::Jfj~~:::::__
· I was really happy because I had the same
:.:~: ~~
" '~=------~-
ll9ccp6<1~Heharacw, 2 ,(r,(f*
IU:l,:tT UM t>MIC ci,,nroo.,, ,~,:,r"s,cn' 3 *":* ----
OT ] 1t1'f('Nf-..,;IOD<¥1V)'..,.Jw>,or,eM1

interests as the person I spoke to.


~~::
~l' TT IO:tT
-- · I learnt something about Japan and it was
M ~ -:i~• T lt (.:l,ll!T

really enjoyable.
t?J..t:.J..(.:~~-, t,U L. U ::-~::.::::::::;pr __ :: ::: - - - -,-,,, · I can now read some Japanese characters
~".'1':'"f ~ywl'.l t )'Q<.lt\,i ... ir>l'QUl'ro""le 17 tr(:*
~~~::-E
it!~7~
:~Zf- -~------ _____,_Wr,~•;;E~~~t,n&=.-to'!<'Nfr.- __ -:-;-~-~~·: } - -

""''"--·- ,0 '***
"*
[ / / )
and it has given me confidence.
>l,:t 'f :;i,ow_.,O<.ll'ld_'- 21
t>L.1.t:~hJ;T ~uii'.. ._.. __",on_... : 22 nvft

2) Portfolio
Make a record of both your study and experiences of Japanese language and
intercultural understanding. In order to reflect, put the following kinds of things into
your portfolio.
G) 'Can-do Check'
® Tests
@ Things you made yourself using Japanese (e.g. e-mail, cards, and so on)
® Records of experiences with Japanese language and culture

Bl Tests
For information about the procedure and contents of the tests, see Test and Reflection
(p71-p72 and p114-p115).

16
[I Related Information
Marugoto Portal Page http://marugoto.org/
You can download the resources and access the websites listed below free of charge.

• Resources to use with the textbook e e


~ C ~ mwugolOOhoogo.l>'b<a,yl

Audio files
· Task sheets for writing
t.:1,, lb' I Lessonl tel-' 2 /J' I Lesson2 tel-' 3b' I Lesson3
· Vocabulary index t.: 1,, 4 /J' / Lesson4 t.: 1,, 5 /J' I Lesson5 ti 1,, 6 b' I Lesson6

· Phrase index t.:1,,71), / Lesson7 t.:1.,8/J'/ Lessons t.:1,,gt,, / Lesson9

t.:1-, l 0/J' / LessonlO t.:1-, l l /J' / Lessonl 1


·Wordbook tc\.\ 1 2 IJ, I Lessonl 2 t.:,, l 3 !J, I Lesson] 3

t.:1,, l 4/J' I Lessonl4 t.:1-, 1 5/J' I Lessonl 5


· Can-do Check t.:,, l 6t.l' I Lesson] 6 t.:1-, l 7b' / Lessonl7

t.:,,1 stJ,/LessonlB t.,,(J);r. I: ll'J (Can-do) I Lesson Review (Can-do)

BGMt.i: l, I Without background music

• Learning support website


~--------------.
· MARUGOTO Plus (Audio files) I
i @'J:-,l:'::ia);:CU: 1
I =:-;:::.- J
)

e -
· MARUGOTO Words

• Teachers' resources

(Word book)

17
T bI f C t t Marugoto: Japanese Language and Culture Starter A 1
I 8 9 Q On en S ( Coursebook for Communicative Language Activities)

Main Expressions
Hello Konnichiwa
· Ohayoo gozaimasu/ Konnichiwa/Konbanwa/ Sayoonara
2 m:iJ Recognise Japanese characters · Arigatoo gozaimasu/ Sumimasen
Lesson _2 ... Would_you__ say_that __again? .... MooJchido_onegaishimasu ...................... ·····-····-..............................................................................
· Shin-san, imasu ka.
4 ~ Write your name and country in Japanese · Kiite kudasai./ltte kudasai./ ··
· - tte doo yuu imi desu ka./ · ·

Give a simple self introduction · HaJimemashite, (Yamada) desu.


Doozo yoroshiku onegaishimasu.
· Onamae wa? / Dochira kara?/Oshigoto wa?
· Nihongo ga dekimasu ka.

-~-~~~-~~..?...... What .kind __ of .food .do .you__ Iike?__ __ Nani ga .suki desu _ka ............................................................................................................... ......... .
9 fii
Talk about your favorite foods · Nani ga suki desu ka.
Offer someone a drink · Koohii, nomimasu ka.
11 fii Talk about your breakfast · Asa-gohan o tabemasu ka.
· Nani o tabemasu ka .
.Lesson __ 6 .....Where _are .you .going.to __have__ lunch .today? .... Doko __de .tabemasu ka .....................................................................................
12 fii
Say what your favorite dish is · Sukina ryoori wa nan desu ka.
13 fii Talk with a friend about where to go for lunch · Kyoo wa doko de tabemasu ka.
14 Gm Read a menu · Ano mise wa oishii desu.
15 fii Order food and drinks at a hamburger shop · Sumimasen, koohii hitotsu kudasai.

Lesson 7 There are three rooms in my home Heya ga mittsu arimasu


..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
16 fii Say what kind of home you live in · Watashi no ie wa apaato desu.
17 fi'i Say what you have in your home · Watashi no ie wa semai desu.
18 ~ Write an E-mail inviting someone to your home · Watashi no ie ni eakon ga futatsu arimasu.
Lesson 8 It's a nice room Ii heya desu ne
..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
19 fii Ask/Say where to put things in the room · Zasshi wa doko desu ka.
20 ~ Visit I Welcome a friend · Koko wa daidokoro desu.
21 fii Show someone around your home · Gomenkudasai./li heya desu ne./Kore, nan desu ka.
22 CiJ Recognise the name and address on signs / Toire wa doko desu ka.
l!.ife ana Culture • , ,

5 Lesson 9 What time do you get up? Nan-ji ni okimasu ka


................................................................................................................................................................................... ..........................................................................................................................
Daily Life 23 fi'i Say the time you do something · Nan-Ji ni okimasu ka.
Seekatsu 24 fii Talk about your daily routine
Lesson 1 0 When is convenient for you? ltsu ga ii desu ka
p61 ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
25 fii Talk about your schedule for this week
............................................................................................................................................................ ................................ .
26 fii Talk about when to have a party · Paathii wa itsu ga ii desu ka .
.................................................................
27 ~ Write a birthday card · TanJoobi omedetoo.
Life and Culture ~ , , - -

st anct Reflection ~ p7.~ -Q7.2

18
speaking and interacting reading writing

Topic Goals Main Expressions


Less2r1 .11h__ What's you!:J:!obby? .... Shumi wa naf! desu ka __ .......~ A •• ~ ••• _

28 mTalk about your hobbies · Shumi wa nan desu ka.


29 m Talk about what you do on your days off · Donna eega ga suki desu ka.
· Yasumi no hi ni nani o shimasu ka.
· Yasumi no hi ni supootsu o shimasu ka.
Lesson _12..... Shall we go_together? __ lssho niJkima~!!..'!..!!.c!._._.. _.__ w ... --·-····· --·~-- .. ·-······-·-............................ . ...........- .....................- •••••• _
30 em Recognise information on posters and calendars for . Sumoo. mini ikimasu ka.
events
.............................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. .
31 m Say whether or not you will attend an event
,

· (Matsuri wa) itsu desu ka.


32 ~ Talk about whether or not you can go out with your · lssho ni mini ikimasen ka.
friend
- Japanese seasonal events and national holidays
Lesson__ 1_3 ____ How _are _you _going_to_get _there? ____ Doo_yatteJkimasu _ka ............................................................................................................... .
33 em
Recognise station and taxi signs · Fuji-Hoteru made onegaishimasu.
34 m Show a taxi driver a note and say your destination · lkura desu ka./Kaado de ii desu ka .
............................................................................................................................................................ .................................................................................................................................
35 m Say how to get to a particular destination · Koko kara kuukoo made doo yatte ikimasu ka.
Lesson 1 4 It's a famous temple Yuumeena otera desu
36 m
••••~••••••H-.,,.. .. ..,..,,,._.,, ... ..,._.,,..,,,.,,..,_,,.,..,.,n,.o,,,..,,,, .. ..,,-.-••••h~n.000, ... ,,..,.°'.,..,,, .. ,,,..,,,...,,,,,,,.,,,,,,,,,,,,,,.,,,,.,,no••n•••,.•nO,.- ....

Say how to get to a destination. using a map


r .. , , .. ,,,,,,,o-o, .. ,.,_,,. , ,,..-,,,.,, ,, , , . , ,,ooo-o-,,,,n,.,,,,nooo"'' ' "'~•·•••••••"''•••••••••" ' "''' ' ''"''''''''"'''''"'~•••<Ho,,,,,,,.,,o

· Sumimasen. depaato wa doko desu ka.


37 m
..............
Say where you are now over the phone
......................... ..................................
· Moshimoshi. ima doko desu ka.
38 (i1 Recognise opening/closing times on shop
noticeboards

Kawaii !
39 m Talk about what you want to buy · Ehagaki. dare ni agemasu ka.
40 m Talk about where to shop for something you want · Tomodachi ni nani o agemasu ka.
· Kawaii T-shatsu wa doko de kaemasu ka.
Lesson 1 6 •
I'll take this Kore kudasai rff #

41 @ Make a brief comment on things in a shop


.....................................................
... ..........................................................
· Nani ga hoshii desu ka.
............................................................................................................................
42 mil Read prices · S-saizu. arimasu ka.
43 m Do some shopping · Motto yasui no, arimasu ka .
................................................................................... , ................................................................................. , ..................................................................................................................................... .
I • Hoka no iro. arimasu ka.
· Kite mitemo ii desu ka.

Lesson 1 7 It was fun Tanoshikatta desu


, 44 em Read a short blog · Yasumi wa doo deshita ka.
45 m Say what you did on your days off · Mata ikimasu ka .
......., ................................................................................. ................................................................................................................. .
46 m Say briefly what you thought about your days off
,

47 ~ Write a short blog about your days off

19
~~,:~,:
konnichiwa

r:i ~t~t~,ct c'-5 ~a:9:1.J\ ,::,~Iv~,ct


L..:.J What do you do? What do people do in Japan?

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Ohayoo gozaimasu. Konnichiwa. El Konbanwa.

D :,

···.
•••••
I

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Sayoonara. Jaa, mata. Osaki ni shitsureeshimasu. Otsukaresama deshita.

II

22

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Sumimasen .
\ \\ 'i{.o
s 1) n{t: 1 =--~\ ,;t-to lie.
Arigatoo gozaimasu.

"t o4 i-lf ,lo


(l\ 'o Sumimasen.
Hai.

"to4 i-lf ,lo


Sumimasen .

23
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Guten Tag ~1~61 3,QpascTByviTe rt +I fd

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ichi, ni, san
roomaji

r:l 061J~~? t.J~t.J:J-? 51¥?


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24
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L.J What Japanese is there around you?

25
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Kaara-san, imasu ka.

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Joi-san, imasu ka.

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lie, mada desu.

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26
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Moo ichido onegaishimasu

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Se nsee, "kyooshitsu" tte doo yuu imi desu ka.

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Eego de desu yo. i°<A4i{ttto };<nii"o
Sumimasen. Okuremasu.

t; J: "'? t L-:>fl\ \ L ii"o Yasumimasu.


Chotto shitsureeshimasu.
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4 71 1) l:: / ( ) d Spain

) e Australia

(2) t.l9;;l 1 7/'7'7 ( d ) a Thatcher


Namae
2 '7/\j-1-1~ ( ) b Mahathir

3 ti/':/- ( ) C Schmidt

4 ~ ':I 1--r- ( ) d Mandela

5 : / .:I. ~ ':I rc ) e Gandhi

~L,""( 'TI'~'?G~G~?o
Listen and check.

r:J111D "a")t~tc.© t~~~c <,::~ 'IJ'~~G~-:>o • r,!111


l..:.m Write your name and your country. V W

29
t~~;l
Names
.....................................................................
~***
Suzuki-sama

-ti Jll !

• 67) t~ tc. ,ct ,i "b' 0) ~tJ*91J\


,i "b' © 0 c. ,ct ~tJ*91J\
How do you address other people? How do other people address you?
Q ~·?~ Doozo yoroshiku
ct~(.;<
~ ·-I>)) I • I •

(1) X~ i/j.f;;.jf6 ~~* ~J: ?o


Look at the picture and listen.

(2) ~:,L,~c' ~~*~ct:?o


t~ttc t~ttc9"n\
Listen again. Who is with who?

11 1 t=- c d )
>('
Yamada
a ~t7
Sa too

B -t~ c )
Kimu
b f::. -fJ.· -/J"
Tanaka
IJ ~/\/7F( ) C <J) f:'
Muhanmado Noda \
\
II 7'J7'r1--r c ) d r;:,;
Kurisuthiina

El :/=11 C ) e S-"
Wan
\
\
©
Joi Abe

!it~iL'Zo >('if:' T-to


Hajimemashite. Yamada desu.

1)<1)7, t;-f.ti;{.!i? r;:,; T-to


Anoo onamae wa? Wan desu.

r;:,; ~ ,lT-ttlo t''7 .2f' J:.; L <o t''7 .2f' J:.; L <o
Wan san desu ne. Doozo yoroshiku. Doozo yoroshiku.

32
a ~A..i!.t?~o?-C::"t
Benkyoo-chuu desu
\ o-n.s-
I
\
\ 1rlv:. Z
\(an\<.o\<.U

-!riv-
- zc/v
~ Ctsi3-/J'i37:9-/J\ ··n
\(an\<.o\<.U11 --
Where are they from?
-Ir /v:. (:.
\(an\<.o\<.ugo
1 ?'/~Iv
Wan-san

2 4=-~~Jv
Kimu-san

3~/\/7F~Jv
Muhanmado-san

4 7 1)Ar1--J-~Jv
Kurisuthiina-san
w
5 :/31~/v Oosutoraria
Joi-san

r;J;51I ~a-*1"1.J\ (ta:L, I ~a-*1" :0 L,t ,;t I ~a-*ttfu : x) •41>)) , . , :


l.:..m Can they speak the language? (yes/ I can.: 0 no/ I cannot.: x)

~ Hello. I~ {~~, ~ t")LJI I ~ uten Tag.


c
?

IG t o
~

I
D D LJ ~
,"5
~
<
1 f: 1'J.' fJ" ~ Iv 2 >(>if:'~ Iv 3 (J)f:'~ Iv 4 ~t7~Jv 5 ~~~Iv
Tanaka-san Yamada-san Noda-san Satoo-san Abe-san

t·'tGfJ"G?
Dochira kara? t tP 7 :··< T-to
Chuugoku desu .

2c" 7 T-tfJ"o
Soo desu ka.

Chuugokugo, dekimasu ka.

33
A a1.;~~t:,t?
~ Oshigoto wa?
a I.'/~=-,
~ ·-I>)) I .... enjinia

II ~ J: 1 L II ~{<-tr\\

,>

• :7t;\\A_;
koomuin
kaishain

..
~ }.; L :-- t ti ?
Oshigoto wa?

:r.. '/~=- 7 T-ta


Enjinia desu.

~iTi"°~"o
Sao desu ka.
ht: Lti Lrp,;, T-ta
Watashi wa shufu desu.

34
Q ~e~:~
r.ffl t~lf:~Ja: Ctt"r91J'.
l..:.Jiiiil Find the person's name on each name card.
0 2

1
~~$"1tPJr
$K · A ;r--':I~

Tsubame foods
Marketing Dept.
Takeda Hitoshi
Masako Ochiai
"i'223-0053
'r949-3521 ffr;ij~:§~ m::;l;:ti 1-25-3
:?111#:111~ffi~rtn~~t1K:k~ 2-2-22
'ii!:~ 0256-89-1 SXX
Tel : 045-547-00XX
FAX 0256-89-28XX Mobile: 080-3123-67XX
;t-1.,/ .-:) http://wakaba-city.go.jp e-mail :ochi_masa@cyber.ne.jp

ABC
Japanese School
ABC8*1i~~

SEKIGUCHI, Nao
ill Gifi
3 Instructor
Yamada Yuzo

'r530-0014
:;l,:l~rn~t!Rrt!!EHPIJ 1-25-303 TEL/FAX(06)637 l-55XX
E-mail: yamada@abc-school.coJp http:www.abc-school.coJp
4
TEL&FAX

03-5373-59XX
"i'165-0034
llJRWlflffl&Jlm 4-19-202

!il:&0iL-ro ;\=-~ T-to t:''i .2f' J: ~ L <o


Hajimemashite. Kimu desu. Doozo yoroshiku.

!il:&0iL-ro (!) f:' T-to t:''i .2f' J: ~ L <o


Hajimemashite. Noda desu. Doozo yoroshiku.
t>t~~O) fl'~<
Watashi no kazoku

-J;f
tsuma

t; t;
chichi haha

:t''t ht: L
kodomo watas hi

ani

"(}"l \)
\ nitori

4 \:. Iv
'{0-11il1
r:-n
L.:.m
rot~ t..,J (J) n'~ <,~ c'tt~ 91.)\
Which picture shows the speaker's family?

36
-

hf: L'7) ~".2f'< ti 31:A.; T-to


Watashi no kazoku wa san-nin desu.

t; t; t: !iii t: hf: LT-to


Chichi to haha to watashi desu.

37
: <I) U t (i t:· tl Ti" n"o t; \ ' <-:> T-t n"o
Kono hito wa dare desu ka. Oikutsu desu ka.

t;L:··tli? t'':1: -t£Tii"n"o


Oshigoto wa? Doko ni sundemasu ka.

t tf:'~ s;tl
tomodachi ane

42 ~\' 32 ~\'
yonjuu-ni-sai sanjuu-ni-sai

n"\'L~\,£ t; t; ~ n"
kaishain Oosaka

~J:1L
kyooshi

\\tJt s ;tl<J) :t''t


imooto ane no kodomo

26 ~\' 4 ~\ \
nijuu-roku-sai yon-sai

') 7 J{;
Sooru :(/) --
n{ <-th, kono ko
'-

gakusee

: <I) U t (i f:'tl Ti"n"o


Kono hito wa dare desu ka. Ane desu.

t; \ '<-=>Ti"n"o 32~\\ ..C'i"o


Oikutsu desu ka. Sanjuu-ni-sai desu.

38
(1) t~tLT!gtJ\
Who is he/she? ani chichi imooto ani no kodomo

(2) a3L ,<-:>T:gtJ\ c'~,:: g/vT!L '*gtJ\


How old is he/she? Where does he/she live?

e 6 f 65 g t: 7 ~ J: 7 h / \ 1)
roku rokuju u-go Tookyoo Pari

ft'-:>:\\\ \T-ttlo ~ kl\ \T-ttlo


Kakkoii desu ne. Kiree desu ne.

(1) a Ghl: (1) (1) (1)


ani ----- - --------------- --
6 ~\ \ (2) ~ \\ 22 ~\ \
33 ~\ \ roku-sai nijuu-ni-sai
sanju u-san-sai t 1-:> n"\ \t:'' 1
Hokkaidoo (2)
(2) g t: 1 ~ J: 1
Tookyoo

n"\\L~\\lv
kaishain

n"h\ \\ \T-ttlo "J:;hn"\ \T-ttlo


Kawaii desu ne. Owakai desu ne.

t:'': 1: -tlvTi-tn"o
Doko ni sundemasu ka.
Oosaka ni sundemasu.

t; L:,, t: !i ?
Oshigoto wa? ~ J: 7 L T-to
Kyooshi desu.
fl'~<
Family
.....................................................................
~ L) c! fu(J) 1J'¥ (
Mari-san no kazoku
Mari's family

63~\' i; i; (i(i 57~\'


rokuju u-san-sai chichi haha gojuu-nana-sai
ht:.L
watashi

- -~-~:_
i _I '--~-n-~ - j:; t: 1 t:
otooto

28 ~\'
nijuu-hassai
33~\' 32 ~\, 2 2 ~\' 1 7 ~ \'
sanjuu-san-sai sanjuu-ni-sai nijuu-ni-sai ju u nana-sai
i ')~A.I
Mari-san
t;l:\\~A_; j:;tJ.;l ~ A.I t;t:1 t:~A; \ ,t-j t:~A;
oniisan oneesan otootosan imootosan

:-- L tP L: A.I t;<~A.;


goshujin okusan

40 ~\' ~ ~ 35~\'
yonjussai ~ ~ sanjuu-go-sai

=~''t
kodomo

The way I address my family and other people's families is different.


,:<fJ\ .,~~-rfJ\
Niku ga suki desu ka

t-=~~O) f:~i-t
tabemasu
tabemono

b 'i!tJ't.;. sakana

a,:< niku

f;D t6-t::1i g~-CgtJ\


L:.rJIIII What do you like?

ffl 0
1 f: -r,J..' fr· ~ Iv 2 1)~~/v 3 :/=11~/v 4 .:r-"' ~ Iv 5 ~/~Iv
Tanaka-san Abe-san Joi-san Kimu-san Shin-san

-tJ., I:-h{ -t ~ T-t-h"o


Nani ga suki desu ka .

Niku ga suki desu.

~ tr,-tJ., ti?
Sakana wa? ~ -h"-tJ., ti -t ~ t.: ~ -tJ., \ \T-to
Sakana wa sukijanai desu.

42
A :::1-1::-~ (J)bS:,-/J\
~ Koohii, nomimasu ka

[1 P4-j ·-1>>) ,..


O)~i-t
nomimasu b ~?~f.> koocha

)
a ::J-1::- koohii

f bg mizu

e V.1-~ juusu

r:-D t~,::~ (J)Jj.*gtJ\


l.:.m What would you like to drink?
1 f: -tJ.· Ir· ~ Iv
Tanaka-san 0
2 :/=11~/v
Joi-san DJ
3 ~/~fv
Shin-san DJ
4 s~~1v
Abe-san D
:J-t-, O)~i"'t"h"o
Koohii. nomimasu ka.

(l\', t;tJ."h{\'Li-to \'\';{., lt-,:iT-to


Hai, onegaishimasu. lie, kekkoo desu.

""t~i-tl-Jvo (l \ \, t:''7 ~'o


Sumimasen. Hai, doozo.
43
A «r ,-:,t, a:,~~·,:A,~ tc~~-rfJ\
'-t, ltsumo asa-gohan o tabemasu ka

~ ·~>)) '=,~
Hai, tabemasu. lie, asa-gohan wa tabemasen.

Do they always have breakfast? (yes: 0 no: x)

Whose breakfast is it?

1 s~~tl
~
0

Abe-san
2 ;t~~,l
Hose-san
j B ~B Jg
3 77-7~,l
Kaara-san
4 °h"t)\\~,l
Kawai-san
5 (J) f:'~ ,l
Noda-san

II II

II

\ \f:_ f:'~ i-to


ltadakimasu.

-''t;.z.
'- -c. ,~ ~
,_ -I'.:
J:. o
Gochisoosama.

44
(1) aj~~'tcl/vr~-?""-1',:: ajt~tc.(J) ~tc.;l~ 1.>'~~~~?o
Write your answers to a breakfast survey.
(2) ~YT: tclt~~~~~?o
Speak in pairs.

01 \ \-J t 1) ~ :·' (;1 A.If f: ~ i "'91.J"o


ltsumo asa-gohan o tabemasu ka.

D (i\, D \'\';{.
Hai lie

02 -fJ.·1: f .J: < f:~i-tn"o


Nani o yoku tabemasu ka.

D /\/ D :·'tiA.1 D 1:< D ~ 1.) "-f,J_'


pan gohan niku sakana

D f:i :·· D ~~\' D <f:.'t(J)


tam ago yasai kudamono

03 -fJ.·l:f .J: < (!)~ i "'91.J"o


Nani o yoku nomimasu ka.

D :J-t::- D : ;:rt; J(> D ~\p 11 : rp 1 D ~.:z.-A


koohii koocha gyuunyuu ju usu

D ~2c-L~ D ~-f D t; i; J(>


misoshiru mizu ocha
Q ~~.;,: l::·c:.~ t::~~9fJ\
Kyoo wa doko de tabemasu ka

-t ~ -tJ.· ') J: -5 ') Ii -tJ.·Jv T-tn"o


Sukina ryoori wa nan desu ka.
Karee desu.

Karee to sushi desu.

-f-5 T-tn"o
Soo desu ka .
Karee ga suki desu.

hf: LtT-to
Watashi mo desu. Karee ga ichiban suki desu.
(1) O~~'tct/v~ tc/~*9o c'O) chtt,:: t,~*91.)\
Which restaurant are they going to for lunch?
(2) c'lvt~ ch tt-r9"n\
What is the restaurant like?

~-g\ \T-t l?\\L\\T-t ti~\ \T-t


Yasui desu Oishii desu Hayaidesu

S(J) h-ttT
Ano mise de tabemashoo.

Raamen desu ka.

(l\\o 1)(7) h{t(j: l?\\L\\ Ti"".J:o t~s . -tiLiL.tio


Hai. Ano mise wa oishii desu yo. Jaa. soo shimashoo.

47
A ,,;;,~-'1J·-f: t.:~~1.;~?
~ Hanbaagaa o tabemashoo

e oc-:, ·~ ,5,t~-:,
hitotsu futatsu

48

8 :]
1 ~-:.:~,(, 2 ~::,;~,(, 3~t7~,(, 4 f:.-1-J.· 1)" ~ ,(, 5 .:r-~ ~ ,(,
Abe-san Shin-san Satoo-san Tanaka-san Kimu-san

b d

\ \G-:, L~\ \i-tto


I rasshaimase .

-t cH- i -tr ,(, '


Sumimasen,

/ \ / / { -fl- u t -J <t:' ~ \ \ 0

hanbaagaa hitotsu kudasai.

(i\ \, /\//{-fl- U t-J T-ttlo


Hai, hanbaagaa hitotsu desu ne.

~-'7 t
Doomo arigatoo gozaimasu .

49
::,y-~ "::,- t-:'O) hit
Fast food restaurants
.....................................................................

e ~-J;J:tc.© <,::,::tct c'AAt htt1i ~'-J *91.J\ ~9L ,T:91.J\


~L ,Gt ,T:91.J\ tct~L ,-c91.J\
What kinds of restaurant do you have in your country? Are they inexpensive? Delicious? Fast?

Do you eat in fast food restaurants?

1. / \ / / { - f f - ~ 3 ''/ 7° hamburger restaurant 2. 1)'\ \""(A.; f L rolling sushi restaurant

3. f: t; (' \ \-f Lf soba noodle bar 4. :7- t - ~ 3 ''/ 7° coffee shop 5. -" A; r -3 ~ lunch box shop

0
ti<,\ 7 ., .,

I
t5 -/J'L, t! Iv
Sakai-san

t>fc(.;O) L\tJi it~L \~9


Watashi no ie wa semai desu

f:'D c'fvf;;. L,;tJ:: 9°/v-CL ,~91.)\


L.:.m What are their homes like?

..
·I·
4:1 a Sn'~\\

4 @ -t!i\'
semai
akarui

b <i:>\\
kurai
(}7y \ \
~b hiroi

ii-=>t.>'L ,c·:>
Hokkaidoo

1 ~if:'~ A.I \__ 2 ~n'\\~A_;


Yamada-san Sakai-san

c:>~J=?
asas~t.>' Tookyoo
Oosaka

a=;~t~t,
Okinawa

'ffl'
rrct a S f.:: GL \ ,
atarashii
~
~
at;\\~\\
chiisai 4 t;n{h~ A.I
Ogawa-san

ffi b j:;j:;~\ \
Asano-san
~ ookii

52
--- g -- - O"\:Jv1l ~ Iv
Roberuta-san

~ a:, t~tc. (J) L, ;l ta: c'fvf;;.


~ What is your home like?

hf: Lt i t: -3 ~ .J: -3 I: -t ,.tT ( \ \) i -to


Watashi wa Tookyoo ni sunde imasu.

hf: LQ) \ \ ;:t ti 7/ {- r Ti"o


Watashi no ie wa apaato desu.

U t: ') T -t,.tT ( \ \) i i"o


Hitori de sunde imasu.

Watashi no ie wa semai desu.

':I.7-::J':/fJ\ a;,J~-r
Eakon ga arimasu

! P,:Jj
1 I I>)) , •

I7::J~ eakon

i••
TLA::· terebi
(~.~.)
••••-
ea\(on • • • •-
f"_-fJ'v
teebu,u

53
r:'f@1I 4£::/vO) t,~J:: ai5LJ*91.}\ ( ®':J*g: 1 ~ 6
l:m Do the four people have these things in their homes? (Yes:1-6 No:O)

1 ~if:.'-~£ 2 ~n"\'~£
Yamada-sa n \\<-:) ~'Ji-t-n"o I Sakai-san
lkutsu arimasu ka. _ )

-....~ -....~
hey a
1 hey a

.:L 7-::J / .:L 7-::J /


eakon
1 eakon
.)
I F
F
D
~-y ~-y
bed do
1 beddo

-rvt' -rvt'
terebi
0 terebi

I
-....~
~

Asano-san

~-y F -....~
hey a
4 t;n{h~ £
Ogawa-san

~-y F
bed do
l
hey a bed do
.:L 7 -::1 / -rvt' .:L 7 -::1 / -rvt'
eakon terebi eakon terebi

~ ai)t;;fc_O) t,;;l.£:: ai)LJ*91.}\


~ Do you have these things in your home?

hf:L
watashi hf:. L0) \ ' ;{_ I: ti
Watashi no ie niwa
-....~ ~-y F
hey a bed do
.:L 7-::J / -rvt' heya ga hitotsu arimasu.
eakon terebi

Beddo ga arimasu.

( ) ~£
san Eakon mo arimasu.

-....~ ~-y F
Terebi wa arimasen.
hey a bed do
.:L 7-::J / -rvt'
eakon terebi

54
1>-tt1,: ~T <t.:~«,'
Asobi ni kite kudasai
c~t~~,: n'~a:l,J:-:>o
II E )(-Jll~
Write an e-mail to a friend with a photo attached.

~ ~
i~fg
fflSt: be ta@ a a.co
cc :
f!f:8 : c1i')¥a(;: ~-c <t.::~L,

D~Jv1l~lv
Roberuta-san
t>t~L.,O) t,~.t~ YYV3Y-"C9o
Watashi no ie wa manshon desu.
t>t~L.,O) L'~-'~ ~tl'~L ,-r9o
Watashi no ie wa akarui desu.
~tJ'<,: ~?7L..fvtJ'< ~LJ~9o
Chikaku ni kooen ga arimasu.
-\bgoZJ.i: ~¥-Oi:
Yasumi ni asobi ni kite kudasai.
~-C <t~~L 'o

What things are there near your home?

eoo
~
send

to :
,
.--1~----------------------------------
attach a file

I sakai@marugoto.com
--------------------------------------- -1 ®
~
~
9

cc:

~tl'L ,~Iv
t>t~L.,O) L,7L..t~ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ -"C9o
t>t~L.,O) L,7L..t~ ~~~~~~~~~
-"C9o
~n'<,: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ tJ'< ~LJ~9o
-\bg oZJ.i: ~¥a,: ~-c <t~~L 'o

55
,:~~·ct?,: ~·~~~1Jl
~Q)D no

[]
Ningyoo wa doko desu ka 1 2

7i -fJ., 1}"
(1) ~~,:: t~,::tf ~LJ~91.)\ ue naka

[;lJ 40b
What things are there in the room? 3

-JJ-5t5fv
Kaara-san u Lf:
shita
J::
yoko

Yamada-san

I:,{; ~--.t 7 ti t'': T-t-lJ"o


Ningyoo wa doko desu ka. }; fl -IJ { \ \ L i -to
ti : (!) -tJ.· -IJ" I:
Hako no naka ni onegaishimasu.
ti: (!) -tJ.· 11" T-tflo
Hako no naka desu ne.

h -IJ" 'J i L f: o
Wakarimashita.

56
I,\&-:, L;•I, \/.8(.;.~(.;~-r
lrasshai/Ojamashimasu
c=ttc.ts-Ji L,~J:: ~a:9o / c=ttc.ts©
A friend comes to your home. / You go to a friend's home.

\ \\' "'-~T-t*1o


Ii heya desu ne.
Gomenkudasai.

\\G-JL~\'o
lrasshai.
r''-5 .2f' ~IJ{-J -r <t --=-~ \ \
'- ' - 0

Doozo agatte kudasai.

t; t; ~.. r'' -5 .2f'o


Ocha, doozo. \ ,f:. f:.'~ i "to
ltadakimasu.

t; \, L\ ,-c-tno
Oishii desu ne.

}; L: ~ i Li-to
Ojamashimasu.
~(J) 7.. r 1 vti r'': Tt°IJ"o
Anoo, toire wa doko desu ka.
0
~-- : t; G"'- r''-5 .2f'o
A, kochira e doozo.

: kl.. -t.;.·/vTt°IJ"o
Kore. nan desu ka.

1J"lv: <(J) I: Iv ~--J: 7T-to


Kankoku no ningyoo desu.

(l\\, "to4ikt/vo
t 7 Tt°IJ"o ~ *1,\ 'Tt°*1o Hai, sumimasen.
Soo desu ka. Kiree desu ne.
57
~~,: bt.=l.;O)
Koko wa watashi no heya desu
"\'!>~,
• f:.'\ \ t'':.;
daidokoro

ooD

~(o-----· . G r1v
to ire

C, If',(; n",(;
genkan

r::;n c'AAt lJ~AAcflv"c ~lvt~L, L,*gtl\ a If',(; l.r ,(;


l.:.m In what order do they show someone around their home?
b r1 v
C t;,;,_;
1 ~n"\\~A_; 2 tf)~Q)~,(;
Sakai-san Asano-san d t:\ \t'' : .;

( d )~( )~( )~()

~ \ f\

0 0
€)
~
.--
g
:::>
.__ 0 0
~

-
I

58
(1) iR)t~tcJD L,~~ t>'~~ l..,cJ::-:>o 9°rbtc.L, L,~-Ct, L'L ,-r9o
Draw your home, or a home that you want to live in.

: : fi f:\ \ t'' : 7:J T-to


Koko wa daidokoro desu.

~ *1.,\ \T-tflo
Kiree desu ne.

: : fi ht:: LO) ~~ T-to


Koko wa watashi no heya desu.

\ \\ \ ~~T-tflo
Ii heya desu ne.

(2) iR>~tc.© L,~O) ~ (1) ~ ':Jt>'":JT. iR>A,t~L,L,~l..,cJ::-:>o


Show someone around your home using the picture in (1) .

l::tJtc~O) L\tJi
Tomodachi no ie wa koko desu
~~-C:, • W
m )(~c
liiiil
~t~LJ ~~~c LJtg>-:>l..,cJ::ta: c'tt-r9°t>\ EB~-~
Which sign shows the same name and address as the note? ~~1i3k~
3T §I 53

59
~¥->
Rooms
.....................................................................

-:>tJ'L ,~9tJ'o
How do you use your rooms?

1. : t:'' t (J) ""- ~ children's room 2. :l'1.:::... / f · .::\=- "/ 1- / dining room/kitchen
,;, r A,, Japanese style room and futon 4. h L -J Japanese style room

•0
ti", 9 .,,.
f U ~:··Ii£ f f;:-" i-to
Hiru-gohan o tabemasu.

sr.;,:~,: a~~,-
Roku-ji-han ni okimasu

~-
....
•••
~ b s ~:··Ii£ f f;:-" i-to
Asa-gohan o tabemasu.
e L :·· t f L i -t
Shigoto o shimasu

~'"{!A, 9 : 00 ,v ~~- 5 : 00
gozen gogo

a };~i-to .......
• d n"\\L~/ n{"'?:11: \\~i-to
Okimasu. ••
• Kaisha/gakkoo ni ikimasu .
••

--lllllllm 6:30 ---~




. _____ ----- 7:30 ..._ _ _ _ _ _ _ _,,,,,,,
__.

C L£,}~A.;f .J:~ii""o
Shinbun o yomimasu.

1:00 \ d; t 9:00 < t


ichi-ji ku-ji
2:00 1: t 10:00 t rp 7 t
ni-ji ju u-ji
3:00 ~£t 11 :00 t rp 7 \ \i; t
san-ji juu-ichi-ji
4:00 .J: t 12:00 t rp 7 I: t
yo-ji juu-ni-ji
5:00 :·'t 0 :30 Oli£
go-ji han
El II 6:00 .; < t
roku-ji
7:00 Li; t
shichi-ji
8:00 Iii; t
hachi-ji

62
g -5 t;1: n"i') i-to 1:--:>~ / 7''07''f n"~i-to
Uchi ni kaerimasu . Nikki/burogu o kakimasu.

7:30 - - - - - - - - · 10:00 - - - - · 12:30 - - - -

h (f A.I:'' (j: A.If f:-" i ""To j };,;,;1: (l\ d) i""To


Ban-gohan o tabemasu . Ofuro ni hairimasu.
k *1i""To
Nemasu .
/ :/-r9-f 1>c/i""To
/ Shawaa o abimasu.

G] © ~ ctct~ h T. ~~a: L, ~ -3 o

Look at the words in l and listen.

GJ D
1 :/:11~A.I 2 n"f?\'~A.; 3 f:-fJ.· n" ~ A.I 4 ;t-c~A.;
Joi-san Kawai-san Tanaka-san Hose-san

63
A ,t\1!>«, ,~-rta
~ Hayai desu ne

r:-1@11 ~ Iv lJ ,:: ~~a: gt)\ t~ Iv lJ ,:: ~ a: gt)\


L..:..m What time do they wake up and what time do they go to bed?

·•·
-•••
. ·-
•••
•••• ...-
~

u~
asa hiru yoru

0
6:30

12:30


r:-a
~
tc.ttn~ tct~L rcgtl\ ~~L ,-cgtl\
Who gets up early and who goes to bed late?

;t\,1:-t; -f,f,{;t.:1: };~ii°""h"o


Mainichi nan-ji ni okimasu ka.

(l~\ 'Ti°"flo Roku-ji ni okimasu.


Hayai desu ne.

-rJ.· ,{; t.: I: *1 i i°""h"o


Nan-ji ni nemasu ka.

1?-z\ 'Ti°"flo
Osoi desu ne.
12l:(i,{; 1:
Juu-ni-ji-han ni nemasu.

64
A ~" ,,:~ e, \-f-fJ,1.;e, ,-c:,
~ Mainichi isogashii desu

r:-D J:.~f~-;!!/vO) 1:J'¥<© L,~,==~~ ~~*~J:?o t~,==~


L.:J:JII t~lvG'£: ~*gtJ\
Listen to Yoshida-san's family talking about their daily routine. What do they do? What time do they do it?

II II II II

1
~
r----------,

.. __________ ..
~
6:30 7:30 10:00 10:30 12:30

·----------,
2
:D :
I

I
I
I
I
I
I

I
I
I
I
I
I I
I I

5:00 9:00 3:00 9:00

3 ..I ----------.,I

~~ \ !D i
t__________ j
8:00 7:30 9:00 11:30

4
:o :
.. ---------- ..
I

I
I
I
I
I
I
I

I
I
I
I
I
I

6:00 9:00 2:00 7:30

r:-a
~
°aJ~f;:_O) L,~,==~~
Talk about your daily routine.
tctt~~*~J:?o

65
tJlct?t1,i ctg fJi-:,~?,: ~ \~~.,
Kayoobi wa yoru gakkoo ni ikimasu

[7J<] [~] [~] [±] [8]


--t\\.J:irl t<.J:ir./ ~£.J:irl ~,,.J: -5 rl 1: -t; .J: -5 rl
getsuyoobi kayoobi suiyoobi mokuyoobi kin'yoobi doyoobi nichiyoobi

~ ;{_\ \ :''O) -h{-:>: 7 I: \ \~ i-t"o 'C..tf:.''t;'C.. °h"\\tO)I: \\~i-t"o


~ Eego no gakkoo ni ikimasu. Tomodachi to kaimono ni ikimasu.

r./J:.')\\,ll: \\~i-t"o rJt rp~-h--£ / li< .)~~-h--£1: \ \~ i-t"o


Byooin ni ikimasu. Bijutsukan / hakubutsukan ni ikimasu.

-:r-=-;z~ /it. :1/4j-- r/ / {-71-1:


r• Li-t"o
Tenisu o shimasu .
A,
(/ J> _r Konsaato / paathii ni ikimasu.
\ \~ i-t"o

~ \\t"J'C..-h{ ~i-t"o ~D 'C..tf:.''t;'C.. LJ:. < L~ Li-t"o


~ lmooto ga kimasu. ~ Tomodachi to shokuji o shimasu.

66
r:D ®"<!Iv© 6L '~~-:>© ~/7~):z.-Jvt~
~ Which is Abe-san's schedule for next week?

tf'-:)l -5 rln' G
Getsuyoobi kara
~ ,.(;j: -5 cli T
kin'yoobi made
n'\\L~t: \\~i-to
kaisha ni ikimasu.

[J:J] [!k] [7.1<] [*] [~] [±] [8]


t f'-:) l -5 rl n'l -5 rJ -t\ \l -5 rl t<lirl ~,.(;J-5rl t''J 1 rl (:-t;j:7(/
getsuyoobi kayoobi suiyoobi mokuyoobi kin'yoobi doyoobi nichiyoobi

CB
• 15

15
16

16
CB
17

17
18

18
Ac
a
19

19
X
20 21

21
C,
CB 0
20 x

CB CB
• 15

15
16

16
Ac
a

CB
Ac
17

17
18

18
Ac
a
19x

19 0
20 0

20 ~
21

21 X
a

aJ"J;J:t~© 6L, ~ ~ -5© ~/r~l:z.-Jvt~ c'-5-Z:gtJ\


What is your schedule for next week like?

G\ \ L tP -5 <J) tf'-:)l -5 rJ t: r/.1:. -5 \ \,.(; t: \ \~ i-to


Raishuu no getsuyoobi ni byooin ni ikimasu.

t''j: -5 (/<J) U 7.;, i T r-=-A "f- L i-t o


Doyoobi no hiru made tenisu o shimasu.

t: -t; l -5 cf'<J) 7 t.: n' G :1 :.;47- rT-t o


Nichiyoobi no shichi-ji kara konsaato desu.

aJ "/;J: t~ c:. c:. ~ t~'5 t~ L' "'J O ~ "T: 9 tJ\


When are you and your partner free?
A L\-:)~t, L\L ,~.,
~ ltsu de mo ii desu

r:-D t.J--:,i!/v(J) /~-7'7'-/~-71'-tct LY:>ti


L..:..,m When is the most convenient day for Carla-san's birthday party?

G\, L t1> i -/J-7 ~ /v<J) / "'-Ar·-/ {-j-1-f Li-to


Raishuu Kaara-san no baasudee-paathii o shimasu.
\ '-J1J{ \ '\ "T-t°1l"o
ltsu ga ii desu ka.

tLtL
moshimoshi
I •• • •• • e •• e •• · ~

......
/ ..............,..
" ··. ..... 2 -t-r~ ~ Iv
1 :}3,1~/v Suzuki - san
Kimu-san Joi-san

± 10 8 0 ± ' ! _J n~hi _ ]
do L_.=__ nichi do
.......
.....
1: t; J: i cl 1){ \ \\ ,-c-ro .......
Nichiyoobi ga ii desu. ··~
t''J: i rl (i f:'~T-t"o -t"cH-;f {t /vo
Doyoobi wa dame desu. Sumimasen .

1: t; J: i cl Ii f:\ 't J: 7 .;~T-to


Nichiyoobi wa daijoobu desu.
3 ://~ Iv
\ "-JT t \ '\ ,-r--to Shin-san
ltsu de mo ii desu.

! _J n~hi =:J
/ "'-Ar·-/ {-j-1-!i ~------'1 1){ \ \\ \T-t"o
Baasudee-paathii wa ga ii desu.

You are going to have a party or a meal with everyone next week. When is convenient?

68
A aatr~l::? !
~ Omedetoo!
• 'a)t~t;:.© n'¥<~ c=e,t~~,::
- Write a card to your friends and family.

~/
Shin
81f ':> 2 3 \: i5
Hachi gatsu nijuu-san-nichi

f:lv t J:.1 rJ
Tanjoobi omedetoo!

°h"lv(i\ \0

Kanpai.

69
a5a- ~ J:-?>
Morning and Evening
.....................................................................

What do you do in the morning and what time do you do it?


• ~~ t~lvl.JZ:'"3 t~,::~ ~~gt)\
What do you do in the evening and what time do you do it?

1. 2. 3. ~ ~ (!) U t: r/ t: people in the morning


4. 5. 6. 7. J: 6 (!) U t: r/t: people in the eveing

0
In the time (120 minutes) you will do four things.

15 ,S,A, 80 ,S~A, 25 ,S,A,


15 minutes 80 minutes 25 minutes

II Take the test one person at a time

Can-do =J- I ·y?


'Can-do Check' Speak as a class

Speak in groups while waiting to take your test

D Can-do TI.':I?
'Can-do Check'

144-145 ~-VO) Can-do TI'Y? ~ ~ ctj~SG*GJ:"Jo


t>"JC\~c· -\!>-:>Z ctjfc.C\ Can-do~ -x._6/v-C ~7-C tL/vGK)>-5G*GJ:"5o
it>~td:t:-:>Z tc.C \i!-:J~ Can-do~ -x._6tJ* Get "Jo
Look again at the 'Can-do Check' on page 144-145. Choose the Can-do statements you want to try again and
practise in pairs. Choose the Can-do statements that are important to you.

Test (Japanese characters and conversation)

Take the test one person at a time. The test lakes 3-4 minutes per person.

Japanese characters test

fc.t:-x_,;f: -:)~''O)~")~ 5-:JO) z.t:,;f:~ ~dj*9o

3 -:J -C ~ tc. 6 L,"J fJ) <C'9o


For example, you will read five words like the following.
If you can read three out of five, you will pass.

tU, \ Example

:J-t-

71
( 2 ) 1Jl(, 't>TA I'
Conversation test

There will be five questions. If you can answer three out of five, you will pass.

Excellent! You answered all the questions and were able to have a conversation.

Well done! You answered three or more questions and were able to have a conversation.

Getting there! You could not understand or answer the questions well.

Speak in groups.

TAi'O) #.)C,\fd: 4 ,:ft,(''0C\O) ~c,~c, :iJl.t-7°,: 1:J.-:>-C 'Y~-0) ( 1 ) c ( 2) ~

JJit-C ,11:J. G* GJ:-So


While waiting to take your test, make small groups of about four people, show (I) and (2) below and talk about
them.

Records of your experiences of Japanese language and culture

<2 ) t;,~vl,-z:. 1Jl(, ,tc. ~O) < tte,, 2 1Jl r~,~~ttJ .. tte,, 7 tJl rE )(-JL,J .. tte, '1 o 1Jl r,~-A'T-
:n- i-:J)
Things you wrote in lesson 2: name card, lesson 7: e-mail, and lesson 10: birthday card.

~ ?'Jl;-7°~ itt.:L,®?t~ c:::~~ itfJ\O)


o~i:t, itt.:L,~l,~?o
Share the things you talked about in groups with other
people.

72
Q l,t0>h,i A11i-~:l~-t
Shumi wa supootsu desu
-IJ{ i"" ~ Ti""o
ga suki desu.

I NC~ ·->>)
1
-/J{ T~ ii""o
ga dekimasu .

~m-'!1 ;l~\1i
supootsu eega
• -+f-,y1]- • "::J~f'1 • ftA.t~\ \
sakkaa komedhi ren'ai
• -r:::...A • 77:/3/
tenisu akushon

- ~~tP7 • ;t7-
yakyuu

• L tP 1 t:''7
juudoo

t~a;~ ®~ ttt,t~
(1) ttt,t~~A,O) t;~L,J:-51.>'L'~ namae Abe Reena
~~~l.,J:?o t;:.fut;c1:.-3V 1990t2fu 6'/i':) 12,::~
Listen to Reena-san's self-introduction. tanjoobi sen-kyuuhyaku-kyuujuu-nen
roku-gatsu jyuu-ni-nichi
~~h ~t,1J\ Ai.tt-'!J, t,,tiit~
shumi eega, supootsu. ikebana
"t~t~ ~t ,1Jf. ;n-s-
sukina eega horaa f:\ ,-r~-r--r
"t~t~ Aift-'!J -t;t,:J1J- Daisuki desu
sukina supootsu sakkaa

Reena-san is going to talk to four men. What are their hobbies?

1 ~~i~A.t 2 /{7~A.t 3 ~~--~ At 4 <(!)~A.;


Kiyama-san Paku-san Yagi-san Kuno-san

74
L:J LJ LJ
"13fu1i'< ~·<L,ct Utfu)
ongaku dokusho hon

• 77~''/7 •
kurashikku
0
t 7/
piano/ • L .ti {t""J
shoosetsu

• ~~A-
jazu
• .:ff
gityf • .;:A.;n{ <
bungaku
. r:J,'/7
rokku
• 7'f:
/ uta
• ~7'j-l)-
misuterii
• ;f-'/707'
poppusu • 7,/'7~-
fantajii •

• 7.:::...,J
Lrpo4(i -tJ.·A,;Ti"n"o
Shumi wa nan desu ka.

7' if-';J Ti"o


anime Supootsu desu .

• r:J,'/ 7
r..''/v -tJ.· 7' if-';J n{ -t ~ Ti"n"o
Donna supootsu ga suki desu ka.

77~''/7
rokku kurashikku
Yakyuu ga suki desu.

0 ~~rp7 n{
Yakyuu ga
T~ii"o
dekimasu.

-+j- ''/ -/] - "t iTi"n"o


yakyuu sakkaa Soo desu ka.

(3) tLL ,t~~AA:: tc.tLtf L,t ,z:9tJ\ t?t: Lt Ti"o


Who is the best match for Reena-san? Watashi mo desu .
r:°'D 5 ,: Iv,~ ~9 <h- (J) 0 ,: f:i. ,: ~
l:.m What do the five people do on their days off?

2 -r-r~~A.; 3 1..F~A.1 4 ~t;G~A.1


Anisu-san Suzuki-san Edo-san Kimura-san

?~'°t: ~c-c:
uchide soto de

9 ,1A.;f .J:~i-to . A~-'Yf Li-to


Hon o yomimasu. Supootsu o shimasu.

o ;{_\ \n{f ~i-to


Eega o mimasu. 0 ;{.f n--~i-to
E o kakimasu.

0 1?A.1n{ <f ~ ~ i-to


Ongaku o kikimasu.
- ~A.1lff Li-to
G tP--:> <l) Li-go Sanpo o shimasu.
Yukkuri-shimasu.

C, L~ LA.if t: 'Ji-to
Shashin o torimasu.
Do you like spending time at home or outdoors?

Who do you want to become friends with?

76
(1) ajt~f~,ct ~9;/j.O) o,: ~,:~ G*91.)\ 7I'~'?G*GJ:?o
What do you do on your days oft'? Check your answer.

c:J:< c~c·~ ®~") ttfuttfu


l,~9 l,~9 L, ~ttfu L,~ttfu
Yoku Tokidoki Amari Zenzen
shimasu shimasu shimasen shimasen

1 A if-'Y "f Li-to


Supootsu o shimasu. D D D D
2 ll~"f .J:o4i"To
Hon o yomimasu. D D D D
3 -J:;~n{ < "f ~ ~ i-to
Ongaku o kikimasu. D D D D
4 ;{\ \n{"f o4i-to
Eega o mimasu. D D D D
5 n{\ \::: <:::-- "f ~ ~ ~ J: -5 Li-to
Gaikokugo o benkyoo-shimasu.
!,,,:.

D D D D
6 -5 t; T .-P ~<')Li-to
Uchi de yukkuri-shimasu. D D D D
( ) D D D

(2) "\r-r ,ct~G* Gc1: -:>o


Talk in pairs.

e ,3, t~ LJ ,ct ~ ~ lJ Z.. t~ 7L. D~ a5 LJ * 91.)\


Did you both have the same answers?

Suzuki-san, supootsu o shimasu ka .

Hai, yoku shimasu.

\\\\;{, Si'J
lie, amari shimasen.
~ 7 T-tn"o bf: Lt T-to
Soo desu ka. Watashi mo desu.

~-5T-tn"o bf:Lli Si'J Li-ti-~ / .J:< Li-to


Soo desu ka. Watashi wa amari shimasen/yoku shimasu.

77
~*'"
r--.r ('

(1; \) 11)
1

;1.ff'fOO
:::::~O

h,: L\~~9fJ\ r-\ 1(l.tv gatsu _ ~


Mini ikimasu ka L----3 nen '\g 8 ~ ~tv
o~~~'\2~ ~ en
r:-ffl t~fi,(J) iT\A~- 7:9-/J'. 2 000 ~ ¥3000
L.:...lii\il What kind of poster is it? " \ 3

• •
n".;:~
Nihon no eega Nihon no matsuri taiko no konsaato kabuki

(1) 5 i:::/vta: 9tJ?~ chi:: L'~~91J\


Are the five people going to watch the sumoo?

(2) t~ttt>~ 1t~1'5,lvJ c:. L,t '~ L.,t~t>\ ( ) ( )


Who said "tabun (maybe)"?

1 ://~A;
0
lo 2 .::r-~~£ 3 S-"'~£
o ~o
i ffl (
4 0f:.'~£
\ I
5 t:-r,;:n"~ £
Shin-san Kimu-san Abe-san Noda-san Tanaka-san

ht:: L\~~1"/ t.:,5,A, ht:: L\~~9 ( 0) ht:: L\~~1tA,/t.:,5,A, ht:: L\~~1tA, ( X )

Mi ni ikimasu I Tabun mi ni ikimasu Mi ni ikimasen I Tabun mi ni ikimasen

78
l \'"J? C:~-C? l \<6? •
••-
ltsu? Doko de? lkura?

c'~,: n't ,-c a5':J ~91J\


Where are the date, venue and price written?

1:•f'a: ri,o~L,J::<t:?J r1'~~,tcLJ tib


a Ii: 2oxx• SJ=J 19 a <*>-2s a(*>
ft ti: JFB*Xiti?/~-

-t"t7 , h-1:: \\~ii""-h"o t-t;.;£1 f:. (!) L h. Ti""o


Moch iron! Tanoshimi desu.
Sumoo, mini ikimasu ka.

(l\ \, h-1:: \ \~ i-t"o (l \ \, f:. ,;: £ h-1:: \ \ ~ i-t"o


Hai, mi ni ikimasu. Hai, tabun mi ni ikimasu .

\\\\;{, h-1:: \\~i-t±£o \ \ \ \ ;{' f:. ,;: £ h-1:: \ \ ~ :t -tr£ 0

lie, mi ni ikimasen . lie , tabun mi ni ikimasen.

-2t 7 Ti""-h"o
Soo desu ka.

79
A L'-=>~ct,: b,: L'~~it~t,\
V lssho ni mi ni ikimasen ka

~ •4 >)) t-=-=--==-io.

When is the event?


s::1 t1-:> IL# 1J' ~<
(2) ,'S, t.: l:J tct L'-::, L, J: ,:: t:1 Getsu A Ka Moku

ch,:: L'~~91.J\ 1
Are the two people
going to see it together?
tctL' : 0
Hai
5 6 7 8
t,t,~: X
1 ti -tJ.·tlt:. \ \n"\ \ lie
hanabi-taikai 12 13 14
\\-::>? 7 F.I 17 B
ltsu
\\~LJ:1:?
lssho ni
0

2 i-::>'J B
matsuri 19 20 21

9~?
sumoo
3 :i :,;-+J--"
konsaato 26 27 ; 30
\ \-:)? F.I B
ltsu
\\~LJ:1:?
lssho ni
D
4
t rP 7 t''7
juudoo

B s::at1-:> IL# 1J' ~<


• 1°L'
t:1 Getsu A Ka I.Z,. Sui Moku

5 t7~J:777'Y~3/~3- 2 3 4 5 6
Tookyoo-fasshon-shoo

B
ltsu

80
\\~LJ:1:?
lssho ni D
"it)t6,tc.O) ~ ~-V-> <,::-r,a:
L,-:, c'lvt6. -1'~~ 1---tf "itJl:J ~gt)\
c~t~~~ ~~t,~~d:?o
~Iv ± c· ,::~ What kind of events are there in your country or town, and when are
Kin Do 8 Ni chi they? Invite your friend.

3 4

10 II
Raishuu matsuri ga arimasu yo.

\ \·•·yz~·-tn'o
ltsu desu ka.

7n{-:> 25 1: t, T-to
Shichi-gatsu nijuu-go-nichi desu.
24 25
\\-JL.J:1: h.l: \\~i-l±lvn'o
lssho ni mi ni ikimasen ka.

l l
\ \\ \T-tt.lo 251:t, (;i t,.,J:-Jt:···o
Ii desu ne. Nijuu-go-nichi wa chotto···.
\\~iL.J:"Jo -t <H, i -l± Iv 0
lkimashoo. Sumimasen.

(l\ \, f:..;:1v 25 1: t, (i t:·~T-to


Hai. tabun Nijuu-go-nichi wa dame desu.
f:\ \ L: .J: "J ,;:T-to ""t <H- i-l± /vo
daijoobu desu. Sumimasen.

~/v
± c· ,::~
8 Nie
Kin Do hi

I ~··1vt.1/vT-to -f "J T-tn'o


Soo desu ka.
Zannen desu.
L: ~~' if:. : /v t:''o
7 8 Jaa, mata kondo.

c-5~~?
'7J7·~~3'

II
~3-
Tookyoo-
fasshon-
shoo 81
Japanese Seasonal Events and National Holidays
.....................................................................
,a~h · :::i·-Jv7'.:l,.,1'-?
chc' rry blossom viev:ing and
Golden Week

spring equinox
L,,1::,b 0
4F.1298 1Fo,D©8
the day of Shoowa,
former emperor Hfrohjto's birthday
It A, 1£ 5 ~ t.l A, tf
5F.138 il5:n~c~8
Constitution Day
0
SF.148 hc''-J©8
Greenery Day
0
SF.158 ~c't,0)8
Children's Day

tat~Vt.:L \1.)'L, · lifu'->c'&.J • 1J'L \9L ,ct<


firework display/ ban dancing festival/
swimming in the sea
?h 0
7 l=Hffi3F.1818 ~0)8
Marine Day (3rd Mon. in July

ta-:>t>-5-c:: • ~~a:-:>'-J
visiting a shrine or a temple on New Year's Day/
Snow Festival
tA,OJ"jt;:.A,t;,1: "jtf
12F.1238 :A:~~~8
the Emperor's Birthday
t>h~~~·&~?~~.~~a:-:>~ tJ'A,t;:.A,

maple vic,ving, grape picking, aut umn festiva ls 1F.118 nB


ltL1'5"j tl' New Year's Day
9F.IM3F.11118 m~©8
Respect for the Aged Day (3rd Mon . in Sept.)
L,~5,5;1,, tl' Coming-of Age Day (2nd Mon. in Jan.)
9F.1238 t~~0)8 ltA,;::(~t.lA, 0

autumn equinox 2 F.111 8 ~,~me~© 8


t;:.llll( 0 National Foundation Day
1 OF.IM2F.11118 i*J;©8
Sports Day (2nd Mon. in Oct.)
,5; A, fJ' tl'
11F.138 J'l:il::© 8
Culture Day
~A,'5:,fJ'A,l.,~ 0
11 F.12 3 8 t11~~~0) 8
Labour Thanksgiving Day
*TJll~-C: .tstlfJ'" ,1.,~-r
Hoteru made onegaishimasu

~f•.cf:(i \ \-J t f,f,{;I: 0) ') i-tn"o


Anata wa itsumo nan ni norimasu ka.

[ I: O)l)i""fo
ni norimasu.

r:-ffl t;;. Iv© -t;--1' ':/-r 1" -/J'o •


l..:.Jiiiil What are the signs for? W

84
~~ ~/v~ Jj.-J;;.ff6 tctt~~~ ~J:-:) 0

Look at the photos and practice.

1: t-J, t:;*1~{\ \Li-to


Nimotsu, onegaishimasu .

,;,L:;t-rJL,,iT
Fuji-Hoteru made
t:;*1~{\ \Li-to
onegaishimasu .

Hai , wakarimashita.

"J 7 Al, -t 7 T-t*1o


Uun, soo desu ne.

Tabun nijuppun gurai desu.

t:; ~ ~ <~ A-1, -J ~ i L f: .J: o •

Okyaku-san, tsukimashita yo.

3,200 ;t A.IT-to
Sanzen-nihyaku-en desu.

Ii desu yo.

t''i t c:f) ')~{ti:,'~'\\ i L f: o


Doomo arigatoo gozaimashita.
~t -Jlt"Zo
Ki o tsukete.

85
A ~<€>~?a~,: 11<AfJ\ ~'~'~-tct
~ Sakura-Kooen wa basu ga ii desu yo

(1) t~AA:: O)LJ *9-/J\ c2) c'-3L/'C ¥tu:: O)l:J*9-JJ\


What form of transport are Why are they going to take this form of
they going to take? transport?

kuukoo
e r-5~..t:799-
Tookyoo-Tawaa
E) ~<G:-5;t£
Sakura-Kooen
G h. r,, 1J rl..t:
Midori-Byoo in
-5 \ ,£
.•••


•••
.......................•
••

7' Ii~\ ,-c-t -1 ~-t\ ,-c-r " G <T-t I -"A.I 1) T-t


Hayaidesu Yasui desu Raku desu Benri desu

r;a 'cf)t~t;::.O) *~O) c'Z.-JJ',:: L\~*9o t~1v,:: O)LJ*9-/J\


~ You are going somewhere in your town. What form of transport are you going to take?

: : 1J" G 7'' I) - / / \ - 7 i T t'' 7 ~ ~ -C \ \ ~ i -"t 1J "o


Koko kara Guriin-Paaku made doo yatte ikimasu ka.

f I) - / / \ - 7 Ii T£ L ~ 1) { \ \ \ \ T-t J: 0
Guriin-Paaku wa densha ga ii desu yo.

Ii~\' T-t-/J"Go ~1T-t-/J"o


Soo desu ka .
Hayai desu kara.
~ 1) -/J{r 7 :''~\ ,1-ro
Arigatoo gozaimasu.
86
A l;c!<c!~-C: ~·?\1D-:>-C L,~~-tfJ\
~ Asakusa made doo yatte ikimasu ka

r:1@11 ~Y~AAct ~-C6 (ttA,~:,LJ) ,:


L.:..m Yang-san is going to Sensooji temple.

c'-3"9-:,-C L'~*91.J\
How is he going to get there?

tK-rlv Hofe.r~ a TlvL~


densha

1 1
b t;fJ,-r-J
7'7v(J'\ Ue.l'\O
chikatetsu

l 2
C / "A
~~<~ Aso.k~so.
basu

l
~Jv17e'
3
Se.l'\sooj i
d S~\
aruite
\-r

Where are the famous places in your country or town?

c2) z..z..n'6 c'-3"9-:,-C t '~*91.J\


How do you get there from here?

: : fJ, G <7 : 7 i T t:'' 7 ~ ~ -r \ \~ i -t fJ 'o


Koko kara kuukoo made doo yatte ikimasu ka.

-t~i{i-/v,
Sumimasen,
::fJ,G ,;,L:;t~ iT 77~- T \\~i-to
t 1 \ \t; t:'' \ \ ~ -r <t..:'>( \
._ ' -
\
0
Koko kara Fuji-eki made takushii de ikimasu.
moo ichido itte kudasai.
77~- I: O)lJi"to
J .
I
-
Takushii ni norimasu.

,;,L:;t~ T t;fJ,-C-J 1: O)'Ji-to


-t~i{i-/v, Fuji-eki de chikatetsu ni norimasu.
Sumimasen,

<t ..:'>( \
._ ' -
\
0
f7 : 7~ ~ T t; ') i-to
koko ni kaite kudasai. Kuukoo-eki de orimasu .

~ 7 T-tfJ"o
Soo desu ka.
t:''7 t s ') fJ{ r 1 :-'~'\ \ i-to
Doomo arigatoo gozaimasu.
Q aTs,: ~·~~-ff.>\
Otera wa doko desu ka (i .......... -r,, -:1-
'- '- \.. 'Jo

I PC~ ·-I>)) •.
1 (1)
wa koko desu .

1 rt> 1 al) \
d,;: t:; -r G
yuumeena otera
7 t:; t:; ~ \ ' ~--A.I : 7
ookii ginkoo

2 ,), ~ \' t ,{; t ~


6t\,~\,o4{t furui jinja
chiisai mise

4 ~f:GL\' ;t-r1t,,
atarashii hoteru

s 1: ~--~n"-f,f t t:; 'J 3 f:7)"\ \ t'1l,,


nigiyakana toori takai biru

[I] a;-:,9('
massugu
h~
migi
Ot~LJ
hidari

1 i-:>-t(' \\~i-t 2 o4 ~--1: \\~i-t 3 Uf:' 1) 1: \\~i-t


Massugu ikimasu Migi ni ikimasu Hidari ni ikimasu
\ \-:> -r <f:'~ \ \ \ \-:> -r <f:'~ \ \ \ \-:,""( <f:'~ \ \
itte kudasai itte kudasai itte kudasai

88
r;a a - d ©~-f~ ':JtJ'-:J-C ~V~Gt~tJ~6 tat~G*GJ:-:>o
t..::.Jfi Use the maps in a-d and practice while pointing with your finger.
a L-<~r7/'
Sumimasen, resutoran wa doko desu ka. resutoran
b t;-r~
otera
hf: Lf: t; !i \ \i : : T-to
Watashitachi wa ima koko desu. C 7'F~- r
depaato

Resutoran wa koko desu. d ;t-j-J}.;


hoteru
i--:,-g(' \ \~ i-to
Massugu ikimasu.

Soshite, migi ni ikimasu.

89
A L'~ ~·c:~-ttJl
V. Ima doko desu ka

2 '3 L.; 4 t -fJ., ')


mae ushiro tonari
'~
;:{_
eki
- <J)
no

1 ~/~Iv 2 f:-fJ.' 1}" ~ Iv 3 ~~~Iv 4 ~/~Iv 5 :/31~/v


Shin-san Tanaka-san Abe-san Yan-san Joi-san



t L t L, \ \ i t'' : T-t -IJ "o
Moshimoshi, ima doko desu ka.
'~
;:{_
eki
- <J)
no mae
T-to
desu.

h-lJ" ') i L f:o


Wakarimashita.
\\i \\~i""To
Ima ikimasu. t; *1 -IJ{\ \Li-to
Onegaishimasu.
90
What time does it open and close?

ig~*M itf:tB 3¥-B *)LB ~o/~1*


eegyoo-jikan teekyuubi heejitsu shukujitsu nenjuu-mukyuu

business hours fixed holiday weekday public holiday open 365 days a year
II
91
8*0) ~~
Japanese Towns
.....................................................................

What are the things in the pictures?


• °a)t~f~(J) a:~i:t., 'a)L) a:gt)\
Do you have these things in your town as well?

1. '::J / I::'..=. convenience store 2. t t:'' 7 (i Iv (;f\ \ ~ vending machine 3. 7/';°t-Jl,., man hole
4. ::: 7 (;f Iv police box 5. ~ t'1) 7 IJ Iv t J: 7 parking area for bicycles 6. ;f A ~ postbox
l>ti~ ~/a;~.,..,,\
Are, nan desu ka

Carla-san and Suzuki-san are now in Asakusa. Listen to their conversation.

E) liLt:;~
hashioki 0 LtP'JltA.;
shuriken

C, h-h-n--~
mimikaki
A fJ\t>~ ,~, ,,~'!J:f-fJ, ,11.,~ ,~-,
~ Kawaii hankachi ga hoshii desu
• T~ f.7 'Y
~ ••I>>)·~=-·-
Z l_ \ I
T- shatsu

•*'
ni-rnai

li-h~'~ 8 l_ \
(1) :t.J-:,~/vtct ~ch~tf~ :1.J'L ,~9o ehagaki
I
hachi-rnai
L,~, chtt"c t~/vt::-:,L ,-c tctt~~-CL ,~9:1.J\
Carla-san is going to buy some souvenirs .
• ,,~+,1- 3 J. \ I
hankachi
What is she talking about in the shop? san-rnai
• fJ\~ ltf~
kasa iPPon

t=
ikko

'/:)\
p
(, \
(, \
!
(2) =El?L ,15c' ~~a: L,~ ?o :tJ-:,~/vta: ~ch-~t:f~ t.::tU:: 45t:fa:gtJ\
~,::~ ajt:fa:gtJ\
Listen again. Who is Carla-san going to give souvenirs to? What is she going to give them?

sOJ sOJ
~"h\ \\ \
kawaii hankachi
/ \/-/J+ .•. ht~ L (-/J--=J)
watashi (Kaara)

••
••
••
t:ll,CZ~-t.i:
Nihon-tekina ehagaki
illih{~ .
••
••
st.n: \\t-5r
ane to imooto
.•
••
••
.•

-JStL~\\ T~;<I •. (i(i
omoshiroi T-shatsu
.•.
•• haha

••

-JS L~ ttf.i: ~ .. ~
••
.• St.10) : t:'' t
••
osharena kasa ane no kodomo

~ . . .,., :\ \\ \ t:(t\ \ rt t:.'t;


kakkoii tokee tomodachi

r:i;J 94-95 ~-V'~ ch-T. ~ch-~t:f~ ~6tJa:L,~-:5o


~ Look at pages 94-95 and choose souvenirs.

f:'tll: S (f'i-"f~"o
Dare ni agemasu ka.
Tomodachi ni agemasu.

-tJ.·t: t stf':t-f~"o
Nani o agemasu ka.

illi~{~ t stf'i-fo
Ehagaki o agemasu.

96
~·~-c: »'a~-tt>'
Doko de kaemasu ka

r:-D t.J-?t!lv© ~h~~ft~ c'~~


t_:.m Where can Carla-san buy her souvenirs.

1 / \/-/J-r 2 T~-r'Y I 3 n'~ 4 ttt \ \ I


hankachi T- shatsu ~ kasa to kee LJ

d L,,5;~
Shibuya
·/J)
/
t>
(, \
(, \
!

r;a
~
~~t~© *~£:: ctJt;:.~ti< ~* ~t~o tl'L ,tJ(J)~ t-:,t;:.L
Your friend has come to your town to visit. Help him/her with his/her shopping.
'* ~c:1:-:>o _ ••

-rJ.·t:n{ (lL\ \T-tn'o


Nani ga hoshii desu ka. t:; t L .; \ \ T ~ -r 'Y n{
Omoshiroi T-shatsu ga
(lL\ \T-to
hoshii desu.
t'': T n'::l i-tn'o
Doko de kaemasu ka .
liG t tP < n{ \ \\ \T-t J:o
Harajuku ga ii desu yo.

97
Q ~ \( &~"tf.J\
lkura desu ka

r:-1@11 c'tl.T:gtJ\
LJ::111 Which is it?

~
1 /'~ / ''/
pantsu

2 ~-'/:X'
jiinzu D
::1-r
3
kooto D
4A77-r
sukaato D
~
0
5 '7'/t -A
wanpiisu

6 :/~''/
shatsu D
r
7 ~~7'Y

8
jaketto D
/{,yf
baggu

<-:)
D
q
kutsu D
<-:) L f:
1O
kutsushita D
l l L\ \-tJ.· o
b ~ , f: 1)' \ \ O Hoshii na. ~-t-\ \ !
Waa, takai. Yasuui !

i~ i ~~,-fJ.·o ~'t)\\\\!
Maamaa kana. Kawaii !

~'-y:\\\\!
\ \\ \-f,fo
Kakkoii !
Ii na.

98
¥2,900

• ¥1,900

9 ¥1,000 8 ¥15,000

99
A ,itJlO) «, \:S~ l>'J~-rtJl
V Hoka no iro, arimasu ka

r:-1@11 c'ttc:91J\
L..:..m Which is it?

II

.......................................................................................................................~ ........................................................................................................................

II

i""/,ti~ A.lo ;;f) l) i ~ A.lo


Sumimasen. Arimasen.

S-saizu, arimasu ka.


(i\ \o S -+J-1 A, (i : fl T'-to
Hai. S-saizu wa kore desu.

t~r ~-t\\(7), S'Ji-tn"o


Motto yasui no, arimasu ka. (i\ \o :tt(i 1,900 ~A.I T-to
Hai. Kore wa sen-kyuuhyaku-en desu .

lln"(J) \ \~, s ') i-tn"o (i\\o • t • n{ S'Ji-to


Hoka no iro, arimasu ka.
Hai. Aka to ao ga arimasu.
100
~ti~ (t.:'!L'
Kore, kudasai

Sumimasen .
lln"(J) \ \;, 1)l) i-tn"o
Hoka no iro, arimasu ka .
Hai, arimasu.

~ -r h.1' t \ \\ \T-tn"o
Kite mitemo ii desu ka.
.J: < (:1)\ \i-t" .J:o
Yoku niaimasu yo.

-t"h.i-t!,lo
Sumimasen.
1)l)i{t,lo
Jaa, kore, kudasai. Arimasen.

e Jaa, ii desu.

t.,-3 iro

II 1)n" II 1) t:; ~\
kiiro
\; D shL;iro
aka ao

<;
II kuro II h. ~''I) II i;~\\;
midori chairo

II ~v/~
orenji
II l::o / 7
pinku
II !fv-
guree rl 101
Souvenirs
.....................................................................

:tf3i: Saitama

J:RIB Kyooto
Jli.m Hiroshima

• t.Jc:1:~'50) ~ch~t:f,:: d:< ~t>'l..,~ tl'L '*9o


)"3*1 Okinawa B~l.Jt'4>-5,:: ~-:>~L ,t~ ~jJ\l.,jJ~ f;:.<-;!!Jv ~l.) *9o
Japanese people often buy cakes, biscuits and sweets on trips as souvenirs.
There are a lot of famous cakes, biscuits and sweets from all over Japan.
Q \'!»';hlt f;:.q)l,fJ\-::,f::.""C'; j 1 ti) 6 ,:MD /D?~ J:ch-a:L,J:?.
Yasumi wa tanoshikatta desu Read the six people's biogs.

20xx-04-29
®t-:SL,t,, vAt--:,~""t: L,ct<I,;~ L,~L,t-:o
Atarashii resutoran de shokuji o shimashita.
as l, L, t>'-=> t-: -r:-, o
Oishikatta desu.

20xx-04-29
~,:J:t.J-~ ht: (,\~~L,t_: 0 (A_A)
Sakkaa o mi ni ikimashita.

20xx-04-29
::J-t:-~3 '!JJ°"t: J'JIIJ~-( t--~ L,~ L,t-:o
(o' .ll ')=3
Koohii-shoppu de arubaito o shimashita.

20xx-04-29
./
~~""t: ct1t;:~t: ®l ,~ L,t-:o
Machi de tomodachi ni aimashita.
(, \-:) l,ct t: ©ht: (, \~~ L,t-:=o
lssho ni nomi ni ikimashita.

20xx-04-29

?~°"t: ~-51,;c ttfut-:<~ L,~ L,t-:o


Uchi de sooji to sentaku o shimashita.
t-: (, \"fu""t: L, t-: 0

Taihen deshita.

20xx-04-29
~?71.fu°"t: ~C,t,C ®~tJ~L,t_: (A_ A) 0

Kooen de kodomo to asobimashita.

What did you do on your days off?

184
(1) t~,::~ ~a: ~t.::t>\
What did they do?

(2) c'-5 a3=1:,L 'a: ~t.::t>\


How did they feel about it?

1 ;t-e~,l 2 -t-r~ ~ ,l 3 .:\=-~~,l 4 7]-7~,l 5 f: 1-J.· 1)" ~ ,l


Hose-san Suzuki-san Kimu-san Kaara-san Tanaka-san

w w
7'

~@o
I

1 n L IJ"-:> f: T-to
.../ '- 0

f: (J) L IJ"-:> f: -c-to


Tanoshikatta desu. Ureshikatta desu.
••
.....--....
f:\ ,r.....,lTL f:o
Taihen deshita .

t; \ 'L 1.1"-:> f: T-to \ , ~ IJ{ L IJ"-:> f: T-to


Oishikatta desu. lsogashikatta desu.

~-to4 f ;;t t '-5 TL f:IJ"o


Yasumi wa doo deshita ka.

:-5:t,lT :t''tt ~~rliLf: o


Kooen de kodomo to asobimashita.

f: (J) L1J"-:> f: T-t o


Tanoshikatta desu.
A ~,:~ t,~tt~-C:t,t.:
~ Nani mo shimasendeshita

1 ~/~,\.; ~ 2n'h\\~£ 3 (f)f:'~£ I 4 :/31~£ I


Shin-san ~ Kawai-san Noda-san __J Joi-san ~

~ -th-1: -rJ.· I: f
Li L f:n'o -rJ.· I: t L i -tr£T L f: o r··: t
I: \\
~ i -tr£ T L f: o
Yasumi ni nani o Nani mo shimasendeshita. Doko nimo ikimasendeshita.
shimashita ka.

A ~t.: ~ '~~-,
V Mata ikimasu

r:-m tat~at~t,tJ't,ta
l:..m
c?5-r:~t~tJ'a
How was the firework display?

2 ffl 31
~

l I
~c.~

l ~
-a''
4

5~
.... .

9
-r-r~~,\.; f:-rJ.· n' ~ £ n'h\ \~ £ ~/~,\.; ~/~,\.;
Suzuki-san Tanaka-san Kawai-san Shin-san Yan-san

D Ii\\ D Ii\\ D Ii\\ D Ii\\


Hanabi-taikai wa Hai Hai Hai Hai Hai
J: 1J' f: T-tn'o
"'? D \\\\;t D \\\\;t D \\\\;t D \\\\;t D \\\\;t
yokatta desu ka . lie lie lie lie lie

Q2 if: \\~i-tn'o D Ii\\ D Ii\\ D Ii\\ D Ii\\ D Ii\\


Mata ikimasu ka. Hai Hai Hai Hai Hai
D \\\\;t D \\\\;t D \\\\;t D \\\\;t D \\\\;t
lie lie lie lie lie

• t~1vr:..1v t,*91.J\ Q 1 (i\ \ 1:£ \\\\;{_ 1:£


How many people answered Hai nin lie nin
yes and how many people
answered no? 02 (i\ \ 1:£ \\\\;{_ 1:£
106 Hai nin lie nin
~ a:,t~t~(J) *~-C c.'fvt~ --(~~f'jJ~ a;,LJ*~t~D\
~ What kinds of event have there been in your town recently?

(i-fJ.·r.lt: \ \°h"\ \ . J: °h"-, f: Ti"o


Senshuu no hanabi-taikai, Yokatta desu.

t''-j TL f:°h"o
doo deshita ka. isisTLf:o
Maamaa deshita.

(l \ \., ( f:,):/v) \ \ ~ i i"o


Hai, (tabun) ikimasu.

"t "J -C'i"°h"o


Soo desu ka. tJ°h" lJ i {r A.lo
if: \ \~ ii"°h"o Wakarimasen.
Mata ikimasu ka.
( f: •):Iv) \ \ ~ i -tr Iv O

(Tabun) ikimasen.

1 Of:3288 (±)

J: °h"-, f: Ti"o
.....................................
Juu-gatsu nijuu-hachi-nichi (do)

Yokatta desu.
t.J57J"7~ L,~ L,t~o
Karaoke o shimashita.
t:'- I--Jl,,:X~ ?t~l, \~ L,t~o
Biitoruzu o utaimashita.
iSiSTLf:o t~ CJ) L, 1J' ~ t~C:9 0

Maamaa deshita. Tanoshikatta desu.


'5l, \l.,1'4>:) ~t~ l, \~~9o
Raishuu mata ikimasu.
~ fl\ \TL f:o
Kiree deshita.

.....................................
-:)°h"fl i L f:o
Tsukaremashita.

-ttfG L°h"-, f:Ti"o


Subarashikatta desu.

7.f'r.-h{ 1:>1:>°h"-,f:Ti"o
Hito ga ookatta desu.
N 187
Q ~ct? a*,: Kyoo Nihon ni kimashita
~~l,fc

Re·• ~:>~
1- ...
...
Re : To 0 ct:> 8/75
Re: ~?~ct? 8/15 ............ kYoo
~ ·~·····························
Re : Tookyoo ...............................................······: ······· ~J::, cJJa- ..............
····; ·; ··~ ~•Jrcolj~Y~~lvC. B$~~ KYoo Asaku <a-~~ t ,~·; ·~ ·,··~
. ········· ................... .
,-::!c· sa n, tk· '-o
- - ttlA ,-c:"f ! ~~'r.>.1J'~Lt.... imashita.
~a;l.Jt~o ? han to Nihon ni NtgiYak '-o
Kyoo Maria-obaac a deshita.
kirnashita. Ureshii ctesu l

·····
- st '\
Q
a ·············
·········

. ?~~? .... ··············· vt:.\


Re: c-:, oe. t. \/,100 ············ ..,. ~.. 1)'\.'~
{' . ,001'.:1 ..........
·\,a\
. rl'\ sn'
Re: Too ~ct-:, 8117 ~e · ....... , - \Zo'''' 3
······ kYoo .... ··············· ~vt:... \ \ZO~e.
¥1-1-· ....................... ···· k..(J)va- '('\\\3·
ct.~ t.-"'\· I; ............................... . 1)'\.,-u o sn\"'as
S.oba o ta~ema~~~o t~t '-"~;·z·~. . . . . . . . .. \(a\"'0\1

o~!~ 3St '1.,:IJ,::,;~:aihen desh~'°;


, 0/Shikatt ~o
a desu.

108
~
1
Jr~AA~ 30~iS,LJ,:: J1U~H:: L'~*Gt~o
~,::~ G* Gt~n\
Maria -san went to Tokyo for the first time in thirty years .
What did she do?
··················································· . . .. . .
1 8 fl 1 5 8 Hachi-gatsu juu-go-nichi
(, ,-s,:-s~ a ~tt1J'6 Sorekara • Ie I T.A,,3,6 1J',3;~
lchi-nichi-me tenpura kabuki

2 8 fl 16 8 Hachi-gatsu juu-roku-nichi
,3,':>1J'~ I
Futsuka-me

3 8 fl 1 7 8 Hachi-gatsu juu-shichi-nichi
c1Sh~l1 c t,t~-s lJA,L;~<
h?1J'~ omiyage tomodachi Shinjuku
Mikka-me

4 8 fl 18 8 Hachi-gatsu juu-hachi-nichi
J:.?1J'it
Yokka-me
------•'--' -5x©
Ueno
=c I v-Jll
monoreeru


r;i;J .

Hachi-gatsu ni Tookyoo ni ikimashita.


I: \ " ~ i L f:. o

-f -5 Ti"n'o t -5 ~ J: -5 T f
fJ.· 1: Li L f:.n'o
~i Lt: o
Soo desu ka . Tookyoo de nani o shimashita ka.
Kabuki o mimashita.

t''-5 TL f:.n'o
i"LfGLn'--:)f:.Ti" o Doo deshita ka.
Subarashikatta desu.

fJ., 1){1)'--:) f:. Ti" O T t, i" ,~r GLn'--:) f:. Ti" O

Nagakatta desu. Demo, subarashikatta desu.

-f kl n' G, }; ~~It' f n' \ \i L f:. O

Sorekara. omiyage o kaimashita.


A
~
?~li ~~?t:,:
Tsugi wa Kyooto ni ikitai desu
~,~tc~,-c:-r
r:-D 4,::AAct ~sH:: ':J~~-5,:: t,~~~t~o
L..:..m Four people went on a trip to Tokyo.

c1) ~Jil-r t~,::~ ~~~t~n\ (2) :>~'tel c'~,:: L,~t~L ,-r91J\


What did they do in Tokyo? Where would they like to go next?

(2)

""J~''(i?
j:;~~lf''f- Tsugi wa?
Ueno ni Tookyoo-Tawaa o Sushio Omiyage o
\ \ ~ i L f: o ~i L f: o f: r.::. i L f: o fr·\ \i Lf:o
ikimashita. mimashita . tabemashita . kaimashita.

1 7 1)7~A.t
Maria-san a
2 /\7~A.t
Paku-san

3 CJ ·+f-j- ~ A.t
Rozana-san

4 7]-J).;~A,t
Kaaru-san

Hokkaidoo

l '--
110
1 c'Z:J:: L '~* L,t~1.>\
Doko ni ikimashita ka.

D :tL D ~J:t.1,.t D ---


t.i,.t
ltsu ikimashita ka. kotoshi kyonen nen

3 c'-:,~-:,-C L '~* L,t~1.>\


Doo yatte ikimashita ka .
D <~ i ( T) D T,.t L ~ ( T)
kuruma de dennsha de
D / { 1 7 · t -r ,.t L ~ ( T) D U : 1 ~ · .; , t.1 ( T)
baiku / jitensha de hikooki/fune de

4 c'~,:: c* LJ *L,t~n\
Doko ni tomarimashita ka. hoteru ni kazoku no ie ni
D ttt:.'i;(J) \,;t(I:)
tomodachi no ie ni

5 t~ttc L'~* L,t~1.>\


Dare to ikimashita ka. kazoku to tomodachi to hitori de

6 t~ ,:: ~ L, *L, t~
· Nani o shimashita ka.
1.)\
DC
o mimashita.

DC
o tabemashita.

DC ) I: \ , ~ i L f: o
ni ikimashita.

DC ) f Li Lf:o
o shimashita.

DC ) f 1J"\ , i L f: o
o kaimashita.
1:

7 c'-5-r:L,t~n\ D f: (I) L 1J" "'? f: T-to


Doo deshita ka.
Tanoshikatta desu.
D i ;f) i ;f) T L f: o
Maamaa deshita.

8 -::>~'t~ c'~,:: L,~t~L ,-r:91.J\


Tsugi wa doko ni ikitai desu ka.

111
Japanese Sightseeing Areas
.....................................................................

Look at the map and talk. Where would you like to go and what would you like to see?
• B~n'6 c:tt~-tst>~ ~tc.6, "«>tci.tc.© <,::~ ~-tsc\ c\:,:: t ,~tc.t ,-rgn\
tci.,::~ chtttc.L ,-rgtJ\
If a friend from Japan came to visit your country or town, where would you like to go and what would you like lo
show him/her?
,

IP.I ~@
lliiiil Kookyo
In the time (120 minutes) you will do four things.

15 ..~~A, 80 ..~{A, 25 ..~~A,


15 minutes 80 minutes 25 minutes

II Take the test one person at a time II


Can-do TI':/?
'Can-do Check' Speak as a class

Speak in groups while waiting to take your test

D Can-do :f-I ..:J?


'Can-do Check'

144-145 ~-:)0) Can-do rrY? t4I ~ Jj.~tJG*GJ::.-50


t>-5CY~c· 1>':)Z Jj.fd\ Can-do~ ~GlvZ' ~7Z' nfvGl{)>-5G*GJ::.-5o
&.>~td~::):::':)z tee \{t--:J~ Can-do~ ~6LY*GJ::.-5o
Look again at the 'Can -do Check' on page 144-145. Choose the Can-do statements you want to try again and
practise in pairs. Choose the Can-do statements that are important to you.

Test (Japanese characters and conversation)

Take the test one person at a time. The test takes 3-4 minutes per person.

Japanese characters test

fd::~,t --:J~'O)J::'5~ 5--:JO) .,~,A,~ J::Jj.*90


3--:J Z'~tc6 C:'-51J)<C'9o
For example, you will read five sentences like the following.
If you can read three out of five, you will pass.

--i
J("'-th.(J) U Ii L~ L,l f r 1) i-to

1000 i,l T-t

114
( 2 ) 1J>(, 't.>TA I'
Conversation test

There will be five questions. If you can answer three out of five, you will pass.

Excellent! You answered all the questions and were able to have a conversation.

Well done! You answered three or more questions and were able to have a conversation.

Getting there! You could not understand or answer the questions well.

Speak in groups.

TA i'(l) it,(, \fd: 4 t:A,('0C \0) ~C \~t, \ ?'J~-7°t: "/J:.--:J-C ~~''O) ( 1) t:. ( 2 ) ~

JJ.-tt-C tttJ:. G* G~ -So


While waiting to take your test, make small groups of about four people, show (1) and (2) below and talk about
them .

Records of your experiences of Japanese language and culture

Things you wrote in lesson 17: blog

11 ?Jll-7°~ it~l.;l>-=>t~ c:.t:~ itf.>\O)


ot:,:-t ,t~(.;~(.;J:?o
Share the things you talked about in groups with other
people.

115
+ ®(, ,~-:,~ (.;*"t (Can-do 1)
1 s,a:J::-5Z:'~l '*1°o / 2 Z.ftA:~,a:o / 3 Z./d!/da:o
4 ~J::'5~60 · ··· · · G-\'!'a6, *fC::o
5 ts~~,: L/:)*1,L \G*9o ······S--:JfJ)tL~*Z'Gtc::o
6 a6~)fJ)c-5Z:'~·l '*1°o ······L 'L ,;t.o / 7 1"Ji-*ii!t.,o ······L \L \;t_o
8 9#*-ii/t.,o · ··· · ·C \L \;(_o
9 1"Ji-*ii!t.,o ···· ··,a:L \o

+ ~~?(.;-:>O) c:.~,t~ t;t~(.;*"t (Can-do 3)


1 !=t-b. ! ~A,, L'*9fJ)o ...... ,a:L 'o /,a:c \, L'*1°o /L '*ii!t.,o /L \L \;t_, *fc°C'9o
2 ~L ,z <tc~C 'o
fJ)C ,z < tc~C 'o
J::ft.,Z' < tc~C \o
3""-v~ &>~t-r <t2~c ,0
L\-:,T <tc~ L\0
Ji-Z <tc~L'o
""7Z' ,a:~ GZ <tc~C 'o
3 {.;$~''J::'5~ ,a:{.;&')*90 /{.;$~''J::'5~ SP~)*9o
4 -ttft.,-ttC,, 1!~J::-5G--:J ! J -:>Z c·-5c,-5 L'Ji-Z'9fJ)o ...... !;t.c,z:·1Z' !classroom! Z'1"J::o
5 bfJH)*Gtco
bfJ)~) *ii!t.,o t>'?L '~c· S~fJ)L' G*1"o /t>-51"Z. G ~-:> < ~) L\-:,T < tc~C 'o
6 ~J::-:>C G--:JhL'G*1"o
7 9#*-ii!t.,o s<tL*~ /~1"Ji-*~

116
+ (.; . iVt,O) Z.t:~ '/J"lt..t.:.A..i:.. ,:~{.;a:9 (Can-do 5)
1 ~a:;{.
A : ,1 l_;&fJgn_/.Co !'\'!'*tc:! C'9o <Y.>0)-5, S~*;t'1?
B : !r"J/ 1C'9o
A: !?/ I ~A,Z,gt).o c'-5-f' ~0G<o
B : c'-5-f' ~0G< o

2 <i:..t: z.t:,t
A : c'i50fJ)0?
B : !"15$-Sc< I C'9o
A : -r-SZ'""tfJ)o
B : !"15$,Sc'(c'I, C'~*gfJ)o
A : ,1c \, Z'~*""to / C\C \;{_, Z'~*itlvo / ,1c \, ""tC:G Z'~*""to / ~lv~J::'5"15$-:JC'9o

3 (.;~'t:
A: SGc'c,1?
B : !I/V=7 ! Z'""to
A : -r,SZ,gfJ)o / btcG,1 l G$h l C'9o

+ '/J"~<O) z.t:~ '/J"lt..t.:.A..i:.. ,:~(.;a:"t (Can-do 7)


A : btcGO) fJ)-f·<,1 !3,:A, j Z'""to !tsts ! c j,1,1! c btcGZ'""to

+ '/J"-f:'<O) {.;'\'!>{.;ft..~ hT: ,:~(.;a:"t (Can-do 8)


A : C:O) V'c ,1 taiZ,gfJ)o
B : I<Y.>til C'9o
A : SC \<~Z'""tfJ)o
B : l32! ~C \'"['90
A : c·c:,: git,Z'*""tfJ)o
B : jss~fJ) j ,: 9ft,Z'*""to
A: SGc'c,1?

B : I~ J:: -:JG I C'9o

117
+ 9~~ t.::.~~(J)'IJi ~t:'/Jl t;t~L,*9 (Can-do 9)
A : t:,:ti 9~-ctfJ)o
B : ~ fJ) 9~C'9o
A : I~fJ)fcl: I 'i?
B: !~fJ)t: !,i ""t~G'\'9fci:C\"°V90

+ tl'/Jl(J) tH::t: (J)i/j.~(J)'IJ:. 99N)*9 (Can-do 10)


A : I:=J-~-1, <J)J/.*-9fJ)o
B : ,ic ,, stifJ)C 'G'*-""to
A : ,ic \, c'-5-r'o
B : ""tJ/.*--ti"lvo

A : I:=J-~-1, <J)J/.*-9fJ)o
B : C,c ,;t, ~t-::> Z.-5-V""ta

+ ®~2:'t;t~(J) l..,'9>?'/Jl~t:-:>(; ,-r t;t~L,*9 (Can-do 11)


A : C\--:)t, df>~ ;::·,;th.,~ tc/\'*-""tfJ)o
B : ,ic \, tc/\'*-""to / C,c \;t_, df>~ c::·,;tA,'i tc/\*--ti"lvo
A : t:,:~ ~< tc/\'*-9fJ)o
B : ltc'*-C::' I ~ ~< tc/\*-""to / I <tc:t><J) l ,i 2v.>'*-~) tc/\*--ti"lvo
A : t:,:~ ~< <J)Ji.'*-""tfJ)o
B : I:=J-~-1~ <J)J/.*-9°

+9~~ ')~?')'IJ:. (;\(;\*9(Can-do 12)


A : ""t~fci: ~) J::-5 ~) 'i fci:A,-V""tfJ)o
B : Inv- I C'9o /I nv- I t:. [ill C'9o
/! nv- l fJ) 9~C'9o /! nv- lfJ) c,~,!A, 9~C'9o
A : t-5-V""tfJ)o / btcGt>"°V9o

+ 0~2:'t;t~'IJ:. ~-z:.-r: (;\-::,L,~t: t.::.~~'fJ\ ~~ti.15~ t;t~L,*9 (Can-do 13)


A : ~J::-5,i c·z.-z:: tc/\*-9fJ)o
B : df> <J) Ji. it -V tc /\ *- GJ:: -5 o
A : !"5-.></' ! -V""tfJ)o

118
B : ,tl, \o cf)(J) di-i±",t I}Jl, \ Gl, \ I C'9J:o
A : l.5-\'!=>if.>, -t-5 G* GJ:-5o

+ J\//'\-·jj'-(J) h-tt~ 1Jlft,f;:.lt,fti. ~~?~It,~ L,*"t (Can-do 15)


A: l,\fJ-:JG'\'!Jlt\*ito
B : "tc7i-*itA,, !J\//'\-tJ- !ltH:::~ ! <tc~lt \0
A : ,tlt \, !J\//,-:t.f- !!tH::~ ! T'"t~o c'-5-t, if.>~)tJ5c-5Z:'~'l, \*"to

+ c.'A,fti. L,;tt: "tA,~(, '·ldJ\ (, '" '*"t (Can-do 16)


A: btc:G,t lc-S~J:-5 1,: 9A,Z, (l,\) *"to btc:G(J) l,\j{Jt 171'\-l'- I C'9o
!De ~)C'/ 7'.))-=f'<c I 9A,T' (l, \) *"to btc:G(J) lt \;tJt lit*l, \I C'9o

+ L,;tt: t'ti.t:1J, ®Q'/Jl L\(, '*"t (Can-do 17)


A : Pfc:G(J) l, \~J:,t A.~7'.)) 11~1 cf.>~)*9o l/\,y 1< l 7'J) cf)~)*9o
!I7:J/ I t> cf)~)*"to Irv~· ,,t cf)~)*itA-o

+ c.·~ti~~ (, ,;tt: l,ct:?td \9Q E )(-JII~ '/Jl~*"t (Can-do 18)

Io/\Jv:x I ~A,
Pfc:G(J) l,\~Jt ,~/~3/ l C'9o Pfc:G(J) l,\;{Jt lcf.>7'J)0l,\ I C'9o
"57'J)<,: !c-S;tA, j 7'J5 if.>~)*"to ~.)"tc7i-,: if.>-ttH: ~Z <tc~lt\o
I~tJ)l, \I

+ ~(!)~ ~~(!) c.·c:c: a<'fJ\ ~~*"t/L \(, '*"t (Can-do 19)


A : 1,:A,~··c1::-s l ,t c'cT'"tiJ)o
s : 1,tc I (J) I~7'.))1,: S~7'J)l, \ G*"to
A : 1,tc l (J) l~tJ) I C'9~o

+ L,;t~ C1?~/t,l,*"t/L ,;tt: ~~ti~~ (,1Jl;t*"t (Can-do 20)


A C::''fl)A,< tc~lt \0
B l,\fJ-:JG'\'!=>lt\o c'-5t cf.>iJ5-:J-C <tc~lt\o
A Sl.5-\'!'*G*"to
119
A C\C' /'\:\'9Z,9t).o
B c· .::yi 65 ~) tit: -5 o

B S~-\'9, c'-5-f'o
A C\fc::fc::~*9o ···· ·· SC' GC '"C'9tio

A C::h, 1;f_ft.,Z,9/J)o

B : I/J)/t.,C::(O) ,:ft.,~''J:-5 ! C'9o


A : -t-SZ,9/J)o I~nc ,1C'9tio

A 650)-5, l'-1' v,a: c'C::Z,9/J)o


B 65, C::~6A- c'-5-f'o
A ,a:c ,, 9 JJ.*-t!fvo

+ (, ,;tO) ~t,'>~ ct,/t;~(, ,t.,*"t (Can-do 21)


A c::c::,a: !tc::C ,c·c::0 ! C'9o
B ~nC '°C'9tio
A c::c::,a: lbtc::GO) A-'\!> ! C'9o
B C,c' A.'\!>Z,9t).o

+ ~t:t,'>~ "t,?, (.;t,'>/t;~ (, \(, '*1" (Can-do 23)


A : *C ,,:~ 1;f_ft.,L;,: S~*9/J)o
B : l 6 GI,: s~*9o
A : j;J_ft.,L;,: t).*9/J)o
B: !12G,a:fv! ,: ti*9o

+ (, ,~,:~O) 1!(, ,t,.,-:>~ ,i~t.,*"t (Can-do 24)


6 G,a:1v i ,: s~*9o
7G,a:fv! ,: /J)C\G-\'9,: C'~*9o
10 GC::'0 i -s~,: /J);t~)*9o
12 G,a:ft.,C::'0 ! ti*9o

120
+ (,\-:>l,~?1JlA,O) A?'°~.:z.-Jil,:"'.:>(,\"'C ,:~L,*"t (Can-do 25)
6C \G$'50) ,~·j'::>J::-StJ I ,: !tJJ:-5C ,A,,: C'~*"t i 0
Ic 'J::-5tJO) V'G I *-C lr-=7-.~ G*"t l o
j,:~J::,StJO) 7G ! fJ)6 l::i::,rif-1'-C"t! o

+ 1~-7-1'-~ (, '"'.:>':
"t7a>1J) ,:~L,*"t (Can-do 26)
A : !1,-r-1-! ,i C\:)fJ) C,c \-C,9fJ)
B : 1,:~J::-StJ! -/J) C\C \-C,90 / Ic 'J::-StJ! 'i tc.'l!/YT:"to 9Jj.*i:tA.o
1,:~J::-StJI 'i tee\ i.; J: -5.,~,-C9o / C\:)-C,t, C\C \-C,90

+ J"\-A7-"jJ- ~~ 1J)~*"t (Can-do 27)


11:1J -71t5. I,, ;/'$ t.: It, [.;: J: -5 <J ;/'$ /st)C'C -5 ! [Z2] I

+ l,~h,:"'.:>(, ,-r,:~L,*"t (Can-do 28)


A: G$Jj.';t tJ:.A--C"tfJ)o
B : 17'~-'/ I C'9o
A : c'A,1;.J. 17'~-'Y I -/J) 9~-C,9fJ)o
B : ,~~$'? I -/J) 9~C'9o /, ~~$'? I -/J) C'~*9o
A : -t-5-C"tfJ)o / btcGt>-C"to

+ ~"thO) o,: ~,:~ "t7a>1J) ,:~L,*"t (Can-do 29)


A: l"t-r~ , ~A,, 17'~-'Y~ G*9fJ) I 0
B: 'j:C\, IJ::< / t:~c-~ I G*"to /
C\C \;{_, I®* ~J/ ifA,ifA, I G*"ttA,o
A:.'.f-5-C"t~ b~Gt>-C~ /
-t-5-C"tfJ)o btcG,i !&>*~) G*i:tA-/ J::< G*"t ! o

+ .-f~/H: (,\<1J) c.·-:,1J) (,\(,\*9 (Can-do 31)


A: !"tt>-5 !, Jj.,: C'~*9-/J)o

121
B : ,1{, \, Jj.,: {, \~*9o / 'i{, \, fc_,.~,/v Jj.,: {, \~*9o
A : t'?C'97J)o t, \t, \Z,9~0

A : !9t>'? ! , Jj.,: t, '~*91J)o


B : {, \{, \;(_, dj.,: {, \~*iffvo / {, \{, \;(_, fc_,.~,/v Jj.,: {, \~*iffvo
A : t'?C'97J)o

+ t:~ti15t: (, ' ? l,;~t: "'r,1J)~t~1J) c.·?-/J) t;tfc.:l,;*9 (Can-do 32)


A : j 6 t, \ G~ -s I I*--:) ~) ItJ) 2v ~) * 9 J:: 0
B : t, \--:JZ,97J)o
A : !77J)--:) 25 ,:~ I C'9o {, \-:) GJJ: Jj.,: {, \~*if/v7J)o

B : !25 ,:~ 1,1 ~J::-:JC···o 9Jj.*iffvo / !25 ,:~ 1,1 fcJ})Z,90 9Jj.*iffvo
A : t'?C'97J)o G'\'9&>, *fc. "cfvc·o / ~--f v~fvC'9o

+ ~?y-t: (J)?-C ;Ct~ h-tt-C (, ,~~~~ (, \(, '*9 (Can-do 34)


A : 9Jj.*itfv, s~tJ)t, 'G*9o
B : ,tt, ,, c·-s-r·o
A : ,:t>--:J, s~tJ)t, 'G*9o

B : c·~6*-Z::-Z::91J)o
A : !hlJ*7J~1*C' S~7J){, \G*9o
*
B : ,tt, ,, ptJ) ~) Gtc.o

A : &,0)-5, est, ,-z::91J)o


B : "t"'?C'9~o fc_,.~,fv 120 ,.~,/v i ('f){, \C'9o
A : ,tt, 'o
B : S~'\'9<~1-v, --:J~*Gtc.J::o
A : t, '< 6Z,91J)o
B : !3.200! ;t/vC'9o
A : t.J- l<Z, t, ,t, \Z,97J)o
B : t, ,t, \Z,9d:::o

122
A : ,1c \0
B : c·-5:t ®~)tic-5c·~-'C \*Gtco ~~ -:>~t""to

+ ~<T~~*"t' c·-:,~-:,T L,<tJi ti~L,*"t (Can-do 35)


1
A : z_z_jJ)fJ I-7' )-//'\-? I *c- c'-5-\'9-::>Z C\~*9fJ)o
1

B: !?' )-//'\-? j ,1
1 lc-!vG~ l 1J5 C\C\"c-9J::o 1,1'\'9C\ l c-9-JJ)Go
A : -t-:>c-9-JJ)o ®~)1J5c-5c'~'C \*90

2
A : ccfJ)G l<-5Z.-5 l *c- c'-5-\'9-::>Z c\~*9-JJ)o
B : LLfJ)fJ lhL;j{_~ I *C' I~Q~-1C' C\~*9o / I~'7~-1,: 0)~)*9o
lhL;;t~ I C' l~fJ)""(-:) 1,: 0)~)*9o l<-:>c'?;;{_~ I C' S~)*9o
A : -t-:>c-9-JJ)o c'-5:t ®~)1J5c-5c·~-'C \*90

3
A : 9Jj.*itlv, =t-5C \~C- C\-::>""( <tc~C \0 / 9Jj.*itlv, c:z.,: jJ)C \""( <tc~C \0

+ ~9~ ~<T~~*"t' c·?~-=>T L'<'IJ) ti~L,*"t (Can-do 36)


h~'/Ji€,
A : 9Ji-*itlv, I VA r,7/ 1,1 c'C:c-9-JJ)o
B : Pfc::Gfc::~,i C\* LLC'9o I VA r,7/ 1,1 LLC'9o
I*-::>9('! C\~*9o "tGl, ldj.~·1,: C\~*9o
A : c'-5:t ®~JtJ5c-5c-~'C \*90

+ L'* c·~t: L'~'/J) "t'AA:>"t' ti~L,*"t (Can-do 37)


A : =t G=t G, C\* c·z.c-9-JJ)o
B : l;t~ I0) l*;;{_ I C'9o
A: pjJ)~)*Gtco C\* C\~*9o
B : s~1J5C \ G*9o

+ '/Jl(, ,t.:L,
~O)t:-:>L ,-r ti~L,*"t (Can-do 39)
A : tcfU: ®~t·*9fJ)o

123
B : IC=t.Jfc.-fS I ,:: 2v.)~f'*9o
A : ~,:~ 2VS~f'*9tJ)o
B : Ij{Jj:7))~ I 1ci: 2v.)~f'*9o

+ Cll,(,, t,(J)'/J' ~·z:.-c,: '/Jl~?;,'fJ\ Ci~L,*"t (Can-do 40)


A : ~,:tJ) ,~ ~C 'T9fJ)o
B: its=t.JG0C' T ~-v'Y i tJ$ ,~GC'T9o
c'Z:T fJ)j{_*9fJ)o
A: 1,j:t)l.;l{J)< I 7)) C\C\T9J::o

+ hitC: t,(J)C:?(, ,-r ~·-:, .B-t?'/Jl (, \(, '*"t (Can-do 41)


®Q
P2VS, tc.fJ)C ,0 /*2VS*6SfJ)~o / C,c '~o / ,~GC '~o / '\!>9-C' ! / fJ)PC ,c' ! / fJ)-::,Z:C ,c, !

+ hit-C-: '/Jl(, ,~(!)~ L,*"t (Can-do 43)


1
A: c,f:>-::,G'\'!'C'*ito
B : 9cti-*-tf"fvo ,~7))0) IC\0 I , 6)~) *97))0
A: ,ic,, 6S~)*9o
B: ~z cti--C=tJ C,c 'T9tJ)o
A: ,ic ,, c·-5·fo J::< ,:2VSC '*9d::o
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A: ,ic ,0 6S~);lfc-5C:'~'C '*9o

2
B : IS -ff-{ XI 6)~) *97))0
A : 9cti-*-tf"fvo 6)~)*-tf"fvo
B : G'\'92VS, C,c 'T9o

3
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A : ,ic ,0 Z:tU;t i1.900 ;t.fv i T9o

4
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A: 'j:C\o l6StJ)t 2VSS i fJ) 6S~)*9o

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s : Iz:-S;t.lv-r- z:c':tc 2v--fa* Gtc. l o itc.O) GtJ)-:::>tc.c-9 1o
A : --f ,Sc-9tJ)o

+ \'!>"'tht: C:t:t:-:>(, ,z c·-:, 'is~-:>t.:-/J) -/J)/t.,f.:lt.,t: (, \(, '*"'t (Can-do 46)


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B : J:tJ)-:::>tC.C'9o / *6.)*6.)C'Gtc.o
A : "t'?C'9tJ)o *tc. l, \~*91J)o
B : ,tt, \, (tc..-~,fi) t, \~*9o / ptJ)~)*itlvo / (tc..-~Vv) t, \~*itlvo

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[ill tJ5-:> 12s1,:~ Ic 'J:-Sa l


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A : ItJ),,~, ~ ~ J;. * tc. i
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B : c'-Sc- Gtc.tJ)o
A : 19,i6GtJ)-:::>tc.c-9 I it:tJ5tJ)-:::>tc.c-9 I C'tJ, 19,i6GtJ)-:::>tc.c-9 I
O / O 0

B : --f '5"t-9tJ)o
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A : Z:h, c'-3-f'o
s : c'-5:t 2v~JtJ5t:.-5c'~'lt \*90

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B: i~J:-Sc j ,: l,\~td\c-90

125
0 0
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1 (d) 2(c) 3(a) 4(e) 5(b)

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2
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1

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9fJ)o
2
? )Ar1'-T : ~'1''YT'9o
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cf.>/\ : ~'1''YO) c'1:56fJ)S?
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5
B: ;t-c, ;:-5t;-t,,A.,-C90
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4
tc.tJ:.tJ): ,a:c ,0 c'1:5StJ)s-c9tJ\
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0

fc.-/J:.fJ) : -f '5-C,9fJ)o

5
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B : ~ J::? L,C'9o ,.:,i/i.,C::'O) ~ J::? L,C'9o
1 (0 ) 2(0 ) 3(X) 4(X) 5(0 )
6
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tc.-/J:.fJ): ,a:c \, 9C:l, -C~*9o
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fi.(,, 4 "/Jl "/Jl~ <,i 3 £:A, -r::-r p36
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127
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B : 33 (~/v[.;l{))-5~/v) ~t,,"'ft"o
1 A: c ·z.,: t"lvc*t"iJ)o
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tc:.Gct"o A : t-J"'fgiJ)o

2 2
btc:.GO) iJ)-r·<,1 4 CJ:) ,:Jvct"o btc:.Gc S-:JC:C: A: Z.O) z.,1 t.:nct"iJ)o
z.c:=t htc:.~)"'fgo B : ®®, ®':O) z.c·=tct"o
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3 B: 6 (0<) ~t, \"'fgo
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3
4 A : Z.O) oc:,1 t.::tLct"iJ)o
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3 (~Iv) ,:Jvct"o A: ;;t, sc:-5~/vo st, \<-:)"'fgiJ\
B : ;;t;;t-:>c:, ~~,1 65(0<[.;l{))-jC:') ~t,\"'fgo
5 A: 65 (0< [.;l{))-jC:') ~t, ' o .}JpiJ)t, \"'fg~o
btc:.GO) iJ)-r·<,1 htc:.~)"'fgo btc:.U:::: J*C9o B: t-S"'ft"iJ\ Oc: ~Jc ,~biJ)t, ,c·-s,: t"lvc*t"o

4
A : Z.O) V'c, t.:n ct"iJ)o ~;tt,t, \"'fg~ o
B: t, \=t;-JC:C9o 22 U:L;l{))-j,:) ~l, \"'fgo
1 A: ~;;t, c ·z.,: t"lvc*t"iJ\
A: Z.O) oc:,1 t.:nct"iJ\ B:T7'./7'0) J'\l)"'f9 l,\=tJ-JC:,1 1J)<-l±l,\"'f90
0

B: &J~C9o 32 (~/v[.;l{))-j,:) ~l, \"'fgo A: ~;;t, t-J"'fgiJ)o


ss~m: t"lvc*t"o ~J:-5G"'ft"o

2
A: Z.O) z.,1 t.:nct"iJ)o
B: &j~O) z.c·=tct"o 4 (d:/v) ~t, '"'c9o

3
0
A : Z.O) V'c ,1 t.::tl"'fgiJ)o ~ ---- CD
B: btc:.GO) c=tt.:~"ct"o 42 (J:/v[.;l{))-j,:) ~t, '"'ct"o a ,:<iJ5 t"~ct"
C:-J~J:-J,: gfv"'f*9o 7J)l,\l_.;'\'!'l,\fv"'f90 b ~iJ)t:J.iJ5 t"~ct"
c '\'!>~l, \1)) 9~C9
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A: Z.O) oc:,1 t.:nct"iJ\ ~;tt,t, \"'fg~ o e tc:.*C:'iJ5 t"~ct"
B: l,\=t;-JC:C9o 26 U:L;l{))-j0<) ~l,\"'fgo f /\/~ tc:./\*g
')r)JL,,,: 9/v"'fl, \*90 1J)< i:t'l, \"'f90 g J/.tGG
h C:U/v
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1 (a) 2(c)(d) 3(e)(a) 4(b) 5(c)(d)

128
3
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A :'\'!'~l,\,i? A : ,tc \, c'-5-F'o
tc.tJ:./J) : '\'!'~l, \'i ""t~G'\'!>tJ.C \""fgo ~/ : c'-St> ""th"*--lilvo
A : t-3-Z::""t/J\
4
2 A : &>«~Iv, O)ht>O)'i? Z:-3~'\'!>? :::J-1::::-?
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A : '\'!'~l, \C < fc.t>O)o t'J"°fg/J)o &>« : &>, S~'\'!>,i ~t-=>Z:-3-Z::""to

3
A : V:31'~/v,t tJ:.,:./J) ""t~""fg/J)o tc."*-Z:.'?
V:31 : t'J"°fgt)., fc.*-Z:', 9~"°f9o ,:.< t> 9~"°f9o
A
CD
( 1) 1( Q ) 2( Q ) 3( X ) 4( Q ) 5( X )
( 2) 1 (a) 2(c) 3(e) 4(d) 5(b)
4
A : ~b.~lv, tc.«t>O),t tJ:.,:./J) ""t~""fg/J)o
~b. : t'J"°fgt)., Pfc.l,,j: ~/J)fJ:./J) 9~"°f9o
A : h-fv, ~/J)fJ:.o ,:.< ,t?
A : &>«~Iv, l, Ot> &>~Z:Ufv, tc.«*-°"t/J)o
~b. : ,:.< ,t ""t~ G'\'!>tJ:.C \""fgo
&>« : ,tc \, tc.«*-""to
A : t-3-Z::""t/J\ tJ:.,:.~ tc.«"*-""t/J\
5
A : ~/~Iv, tJ:.,:./J) ""t~""fg/J\ ,:.< ?'\'!'~l, \? &>« : btc.Ui Z:Ulvc htl,G~ tc.«"*-""to
~/ : Pfc.l,,j: '\'!'~l, \/)) 9~"°f9o '\'!'~l, \t, fc.«*-9o
A : t-3-Z::""t/J\ <tc.t>O),t?
~/ : <fc_t,O)t, 9~"°f9J::o 2
A : *iz~lv, l, \-::>t> &>~Z:Ulv, tc.«"*-""t/J\
*iz :,tc \, t>~-c>lv tc.«*-""to
A : tJ:.,:.~ tc.«"*-""t/J\
,~:) ••• CD *iz : btc.L,,t /'\/C <tc.t>O)~ J::< tc.«"*-""to
a :::J-1::::-~ O)h*-""t :::J-1::::-t, O)ttj,*90
b Z:-3~'\'!>~ O)h*-""t
C ~--~-3,:.~-j~ O)h"*-°"t 3
d S~'\'!>~ O)h"*-""t A : 1J-7~fv, COt> &>~Z:Ulv~ tc.«*-""t/J\
e V.1-.A~ O)h"*-""t tJ-7 : C\l, \;L tc.«*-iilvo
A : h-fv, t-::>""fg/J)o
f dJ,9~ O)h"*-""t

4
@ A
1 (a) 2(c)(e) 3(a)(f) 4(b)
/J)pl, \ : ,tc \o l, Ot> /'\/C :::J-1::::--Z::""to
6), fc."*-Z:'t> J::< fc.«*-9o
A : t-3-Z::°"t/J)o < tc.t>O),t?
/J)pl, \ : < fc_t,O)'j: 6)* ~) fc.«*--1±/vo
A :ktJ:.~~/v, :::J-1::::-, O)h"*-""t~
5
tc.tJ:./J) : ,tc \, st)./J)l, \ l,*-""to
A : O)fc.~lv, COt> &>~Z:Ufv, tc.«"*-""t/J\
A : V.1-A,i?
<J)tc. : ,t&>"·, &>~Z:Ulv,t tc.«*--l±fvt).;L
tc.fJ:./J) : V.1-A,i ~t-:>Z:-3-Z::""to
&>, V.1-.A~ O)h"*-""td::o
A : t-3-Z::""t/J\
2
A : V:31'~/v, V.1-.A, O)h"*-°"t/J)o
V:31' : ,tc \0 ""th"*-i±fv, ~--~-s,:.~-St> st)./J)l, \L,"*-""to
A : ,tc\, V.1-AC ~--~-s,:.~-So c'-5-ro

129
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2 :J-1::- ,,~,f.:--:) 7 !\'./J'\-15- Jf-:::o
3 * 'Y 1-- i'',y-7' hf.:-:) 8 :;tv'./VV.:z.-::.:Z -Oc--:)
0
4 7"51 i''~7" ctf-:J J 9 :J-1::- ctf-:J J
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e !::'if'~ f.:/\*9
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( 2) 1( -{ ) 2( -{ ) 3( r)) 4( 7)
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V.:z.-::.:Z Jf-::JJ <fc~t,\o
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A : ~/~Iv, 6t, \GI{))::> 9tJ-::>1.J) S~)*9t}. ! =t-b. : ;;{., J #'Y/ ! l, Oc-91.J\
~/: tj:l,\o J: Gfc : 21.J) (h-:)1.J)) C'9o l, \-:> GJ:,: J/.,: l, \~*-l±/v1.J)o
A : J/.t: t, \~*91.J)o t-b. : ,;;{_, 2 i.J) c,,~oi.J)) c-91.J\ 2 i.J) (h-:)i.J)) ,1 tc:if.>c-
~/ : tit,\, J/.t: t, \~*9 ! t.:O)GJ/.Z:9o 9 o 9J/.*-l±fvo
135
l, ,g*9/.))o
B:~<SZ:.-5.:tA.,a: l'\Ab5 t,,t,,-z:9J::o
4 A: t-51:9/.))0
/.))pt,' : -V/'~A., t.;K)>-5c·-s, JJ.,: t, ,g*-t±-A.b\ B: ;;t;;t, l'\Ab5 /\A,~)"Z:9/.))60
-V/' : ;;t, (.; K)> '5 c'-5? l, 01:9/.))0
/.))pl,\ '. g J: '?C'9o 4
"17/' '. gJ:'5,j: ~J:-:)C"""o 9J/.*i±"A.o A : 2v.>(])-5, z:.z:.b)s JJ.c·~J tJJ:-5 l 'A-*-r c·-s~-:)-r t,,
g*9/.)\
5 B : Ji. c· ~) tJ J: -5 t, 'A. ,a: ~ /.)) T-:J 1.)5 t, 't, '1: 9 J:: o ~ /.)) T-:J
~/' : 99g~A,, '3l,\~j'-:) C'?gJ:'?77'Y~3/' /.)) ,j:~l, \C'9o
~3-/.)) 29)~) *9J::o A '. "t'?"Z:9/.))0 G-\'!>, ~/.))""("-:JC' l, \g*9o
99g :A.;;t-, 77'Y~3/'~3-1:9/.))? l,O?
~/' : 7/.)) (1:J.(])f.))) "Z:9o t, \-:) GJ:,: t, ,g*itA.b\
99g '. l, \l, \"Z:9J::o l, \g* GJ: 'Jo
CD 1(a) 2(b) 3(d)

-V/': 9JJ.*itA., *y-Jl.,f.))0 itA.t-SG*T' c·-5~-=>T


0 l, ,g*9/.))o
...___ CD A : ,a:t, ,, *"f -5.:t(])*-Z: T'A.G-\'!>1: t, ,g*9o
-V/' : ,a:t, ,, -5.:t(])*-Z: T'A. G-\'!>"Z:9t}.o
1 IH".7,: (])~)*9o
2 GTA.G-\'!>,: (])~)*9o 2
3 (V),Ql, \""(" l, \g*9o A : ;;t-, ,S;;t(])f.))0 ~/.))""("-:J,: (])~) *9o t GT, 2v.>~
4 /\.A,: (])~)*9o
<~.:tg-z-: s~)*9o
5 5?~-,: (])~)*9o "17/' : ~/.))""("-:), (V)~ < ~C'9t}.o
6 -Z-:A.G-\'!>,: (])~)*9o A : ,a:t, 'o
7 ~/.))""("-:J,: (]) ~) *9o
3
~ ~!!:::!!.J @ -V/': 2v.>~<~b)6 sTS*T''i?
85 -"Z-Vc .t-31:J. Go A : ;tgf.))0 sTS*-Z-: 2v.>0l'T t,,g*9o 5 hA.('
St, ,-z-:9d::o
-V/' : c·-St> 2v.>~)f.)5c-5Z:'c~·'t, '*9o

CD
( 1) 1(a) 2(b) 3(d) 4(c)
( 2) 1( -{) 2(?) 3( I ) 4( 7)
0
~~~-~ CD A: g-\'!>< s: *-j-Jl.,(]) v-c CD
A: 2v.>(])-5, Z:.Z:.f.))0 <-SZ:.-5*-Z: c·-5~-::>T t, ,g*9b\
B: <-Sz:.-5,a: -Z-:A.G-\'!>b'> t,,t,,-z:9J::o ~9t,,-z:9f.))60 1 ~-561.)t, \t;J_ s-rs,a: L-L-C'9o
A: t-51:9/.))0 2v.>~)f.)5c-5Z.:'c~··t, '*9o 2 --~,0l' GA.G-\'!>,a: Z:.Z:."Z:9o
3 fc.b)l, \ l:::'Jl.,'j: L.L. C'9o
2 4 2v.>t.:6 Gt,' *y-JL,,a: Z:.Z:."Z:9o
5 ,:g··~/.))t;J_ cs~J,a: L-L-C'9o
A: z:.z:.b)s c-sg J:-551J-*-r c·-s~-:)-r t, ,g*9b)o
B: c-5gJ:-551J-1:9b)o tc:A,A. 5?~-f.)5 t,,t,,-z:90 6 ~l, \~l, \ JJ.it,j: L-L-C'9o
A: 2v.>2v.>, 5?~-1:9/.))0 7 .}J.}Jgl, \ ~'A,Z:.'5,j: L-L-C'9o
B: .:t.:to 5?~-/.)) S<"Z:9/.))60
...___ • ( 2)
3 1 *-::>9(' *-::>9(' l, \g*9o *-:)9(' l, \-:)""(" <tc.~
A:9JJ.*itA., Z:.Z:.~0 ~<SZ:.-5.:tA.*T' ~-5~-:)l l, \0

136
2 J/.tf J/.~--,: l, \~*9o J/.~-- ,: l, \-:)""(" < tc.iEC \o
3 Vfc.~) Vfc.~J,: l,\~*9o Vfc.~J,: l,\-:::,T <tc.iE A : t> Gt> L,, ://'iE Iv , l, \* c 'Z.. -C91J)o
:// : ;{:_~O) *;{:_ C'9o
A : ;{:_~O) *;{:_C'9:rc}o (, \* (, \~*9o
:// : st}fJ)(, \l,*90
@) (2) 1(b) 2(a) 3(c) 4(d)

2
A
1 t.:t:1J): ~-:::>iET IvC'9o
-V/': 9JJ.*i±fv, iv)0)-5, szs,i c.'z..-C91J\ A : ;t? ~-:::>iET Iv? ~-:::>iET lvti c 'Z.. -C91J)o
A : sTS? ;t-c, C\* :bt.:Gt.:~,i Z..Z..-C9o sTS t.:t:1J): ;t~O) ct:~)C'9o
'i Z..Z..C'9o A *
: GVJ GVJ , :b fJ) ~) L, t.: o
Z..O) cs~)~ *-:::>9(' C\-:::,""(" <tc.iEC \0
-V/': ,ic \, c '-St> 9J/.*i±lvo 3
A : t> L,t, L,, iv)l'(iE Iv, l, \* c'Z.. -C91J)o
2 iv)/'( : ;{:_~C'9o ;{:_~O) t:1J)C'9o
V31' : 9 Jl.*i±lv, iv)O)-), vA l'-7/' 1iE < SJ ,i c 'Z.. -C A : ,ic \, 0-\'!'GVJ :bt.: Gt> l, \* l, \~*9o
91J)o iv)/'( : st}tJ)c \L,*90
A : vAl--7/' 1iE<SJ ?GVJGVJ, --~'l_;*y-Jt.,O) t:tJ),:
GVJ~)*9:rc}o 4
V31': h0*y-Jt.,? A : t> L,t, L,, -V/'iE Iv, l, \* c 'Z.. -C91J)o
A : l,\* Z..Z..-C9o *-:::>9(' (,\-:)""(", J/.~--,: (,\-:::,""(", -V/' : ;t-, sTS, ST60) t:1J)-C9o
-, -,
<...... C...... o A : sTS?
-V/': h-Ql,\ sT6-C9o *;t': ~l,\iEl,\ J/.i±fJ) t.:<
iE/v GVJ~)*9o
3 A : lV)lV), :tJfJ)~)*l,f.:o :bf.:l,t, (,\* (,\~*9o
:!fb.: 9JJ.*i±fv, iv)O)-), 7/,- Hi c 'Z..-C91J\
A : 7/'\- 1--? GVJ-:)~, iv)-:>~, 9('-C9d::: o 5
:!fb.: 9J/.*i±fv, t,'Jl, \~c' st}fJ)(, \l,*90 A : t> Gt> L,, V31'iE/v, C\*, c 'Z..-C91J\
A : 7/'\- Hi Z..Z..C'9o (, \* :bf.:l,f.:~,i L.L.C'9o V3-{:9J/.*i±lv, :b~ij*i±lvo
Z..O) cs~)~ *-:::>9(' c \~*9o Z..Z..-C Dtc.~J,: A : ;t;t?
(, \~*9o V31': GVJ, t.:1J)l,\ l:::'Jt.,O) *;t-C90 l:::'Jt.,O) ct:~J,i
SS~(, \ 7/'\- 1'--C91J)6, 9(' :tJ1JH)*9J: o ~''JvZ.. 'JC'9o
:!fb.: ,ic \, c'-)t, 9J/.*i±lvo A : tic\, 0-\'!'GVJ, l, \* l, \~*9o

4
://: 9J/.*i±fv, iv)O)-), 1,-".7*7)[.,ti c'Z..-C91J)o
A : 1,-".7*y-Jt.,_ iv)O) t.:1J)l, \ l::::'Jt.,-C9J:o
ti(,, 15 '/Jl '/Jl~(, \(,, ! p94
://': c '-3\'!'"JT C\~*91J)o
A : l, \* Z..Z..-C91J)6, *-:)9(' l, \~*9o -C, J/.~--,:
(, \~*9o Z..Z..C'9o
0
://: lV)lV), ,ic \, c '-St> GVJ~JtJ)c-sc::-~--c \*90
1
t.J-7 : 99~iElv, GV>rt, t:lvC'91J\
99~ : lVJlV), l:::'-J[.,O) fJ)(, \l,'\'9C'9o
~--=,, CD t.J-7 : A_;{:_, ""t"'JC'91J)o St> l,0(, \C'9:rc}o
1;t~O) *;t 2;t~O) -)L,6 3;t~O) t:~ 99~: ;{:_;{:_ o
4;t~O) ct:~J
2
t.J-7 : GVJrL, t:/vC'91J)o
@) 1(a) 2(c) 3(b) 4(e) 5(d)
99~ : c'n -C91J)o
1J - 7 : lV) 0)' t.: fJ) l, \ ~ r; -
0

99~: GVJGVJ, GV>rt,i c-S~d::'JA1J1''Y 1J--C90


t.J-7 : A_;{:_o f.:fJ)(, \C'9:rc}o

137
3 t.J--5: fJ)':J2:l'l' c::~fl\fJ) l'':Jc ,iL,l\-C9o bt.:L,
t.J--5 : P®, fJ)pl, \l, \ ! 2:tL, 1J:.fv-C9fJ\ jJ) -:)jJ)l, \*90
99~ : LtL,s~-C9o
t.J-7 : ,tL,s~o 5
99~ : ;t..:to ,;:i:1...,~ 2:-::>~':JT s~*9o t.J-7 : ®, jJ)~t> 'iL,l, \<}90
t.J-7 : h'J/vo 99~ : ~;{_, jJ)~<}9fJ\
t.J-7 : ,tl, \0 ,:,i!v,t sL,-t->tL1J:. jJ)~jJ) ®~)*9o
4 99~ : t'JC'9fJ\ t.:,~,/v t.:fJ)l, \<}9J:o
t.J--5 : 99~~1-v, z:n, 1J:.fv-C9tJ\ t.J--5 : tel\ GJ:-3,~,-C9o l \':),i/vC'9o ,;:i:,;:i:,: -:1v-t±'/ l'-
99~ : ;t.;t.c::····· ·o ®®, 1 L,I{)) ~) ~t/vJ C'9o L,*90
t.J-7:L,I{)), l.,I{))~)?
99~: ;t.;t_, L,l()>~J~tl-vo ,:1-vL>t->fJ) 2:-::>~':JT -:JfJ)l,\
*9o
t.J-7 : ~;{_o St> L,,'3l, \<}9t}o (D 1(b) 2(e) 3(d) 4(c)

5
t.J--5: P®, fJ)pl, \l, \ ! 99~~/v, 2:tL, 1J:.fv-C9fJ\
99~ : Jj.Jj.fJ)~<}9J:o
t.J-7: -3-/v, 2:2:,:,;:i: jJ)t)l,\l,\ J\'/t.J=f-, ®~)*itlv
t.J-7 : Jj.Jj.?
t}o
99~:;t_;t_o 2:-::>~':JT Jj.Jj.~ t-SG~ L,*~
99~ : t'JC'9t}o
t.J-7 : h'J/vo
t.J--5 : c::..·z:-c fJ);t_*9fJ\
99~ : ®~'j:';(t)fJ) l, \l, \<}9J:o ®~'j:';(0,;: l, \~* L,J;:
'Jo

(D 2
( 1) 1 (c) 2(a) 3(b) 4(e) 5(d) t.J--5 : -3-/v, St> L,,3l, \ T ~-v'Y't ®~) *itfvt).o
( 2) 1(a-i) 2 (c-g) 3 (b-j) 4 (e-f) 5 (d-h) 99~ : t'JC'9t}o
t.J--5 : c::..·z:-c fJ);t_*9tJ\
99~: ®, 'j:t)(.;l{))<fJ) l,\l,\<}9J:o 'j:t)(.;I{))<,: l,\~*
l.,J: 'Jo
99~ : t.J--5~/v, tJ:.,:fJ) 'iL,l, \<}9fJ\
t.J-7 : J\'/t.J=f-jJ) 'iL,l, \<}90 3
99~ : cA1J:. J\'/t.J=f-fJ) l \l, \<}9fJ\ t.J-7: h-3, sL,-t->tL1J:. jJ)~,;:i: ®~)*itfvt).o c'Z:-C
t.J-7: jJ)t)l,\l,\ J\'/t.J=f-fJ) 3 (~Iv) *l,\ 'iL,l,\<}90 jJ) ;t_ * 9fJ\
®t).~ z:c·ti,: ®~-f'*9o 99~: ®, L,,~'~, L,.,~,~fJ) l,\l,\<}9 J:o L,.,~,~,j:
7TY~3./~ *~C'9o
2 t.J--5 : L,.,~,~-C9fJ\ G-t->®, L,.,~,~,: l \~* L,J:-So
t.J--5 : Pt.: L,, T ~-v'YfJ) ,i L,l, \<}90
99~: cA1J:. T ~-v'Y-C9fJ)o 4
t.J--5 : St> L,,3l, \ T ~-v'Y, 2 U:) *l \o ®t).C:: l \ti::> t.J-7: h-3, fJ)':Jcl\l,\ c::~fl,\'j: ®~)*itfvt).o c'Z:
c::,: ®Vf'*9o C' jJ);{_*9fJ)o
99~ : t'J<}9t}-o ®, ~-'/v~''jJ) l, \l, \<}9J:o Jj.itfJ)
3 t.:<~fv ®~)*9J:o
t.J-7 : ;t.-c::, #.A l'-t.J- !''ti 'i L,l, \<}90 t.J--5 : t-S-C9fJ\ G-t->® ~-k~·,: l \~* L,J:-So
99~ : ®®, ;{_'j:fJ)~<}9t}o
t.J--5 : ,tl \0 ;t.,tfJ)~, 8 Ut~) *l, ,iL,l \<}90 c:titc.
~,: ®Vf'*9o
99~ : ,:,i/vT~1J:. ;t.,tfJ)~fJ) l \l, \<}9J:t).o
t.J-7 : ,tl, \0
0
4 (D
99~ : tJ:.,;:fJ) 'i L,l, \<}9fJ)o
1 (b) 2(i) 3(f) 4(h) 5(c) 6(e) 7(g) S(a) 9(d) 1O(j)
t.J-7 : c::~tl \jJ) 'iL,l, \<}90
99~: cA1J:. c::~tl \?

138
CD
1 iY)O) J,'/'Y, fJ)-::>ZJ, \l, ' o
2 V-'/.:;c ,iGC '?&: o
iY)O) CD
3 iY)O) :::::J-1'-, (,\(,\]&: o 1(a) 2(d) 3(c) 4(b)
4 iY)O) 7-.tJ- "' fJ)pl, \(, \ 0
5 iY)O) IJ'/l::::•-7-., (,\(,\7&: o ~ ===~:'.I CD A: T~l, \~ B: ~-r-i<
6 iY)O) ~-v'Y, C,c '?&: o
7 iY)O) ':/'177 'YI'-, 9""C'i!o A: C't:>-::> G-t->C '*ito
8 bS, fJ)pl, ,c' ;,,y/j~ B: 9J/.*it~o Z.O) T ~-v'Y, S -ff-1'.X S~J*9fJ)o
9 iY)O) <-:), ~nc , 0 A : ,tc,, S~)*9o Z.~t:>c'9o
10 iY)O) <-:) Gtc, St> G6-C ' o
2
A: C't:>-::> G-t->C '*ito
B : 9 J/.*it~o t)-:) C. ~9(, \0), d7) ~) *9fJ)o
A: ,tc,, Z.~6,t 1.900 (it~~f())-::>0-t-i<) .:t~"°f9o
B : t.;-r-,S , -fh~ < t.:~C ' o
@)
1~) 2(g) 3(d) 4(e) 5(h) 3
A: C't:>-::> G-t->C '*ito
B: 9Ji.*it~o Z.O) T ~-v'Y, ,itJ)O) C'6 S~J*9fJ)o
A : SfJ)c_ SstJ5 S ~J * 9 J:: o
1
B : t.;-r-,S, SfJ)~ < t.:~C ,0
tJ-7: 99~~~' Z.O) 7-.tJ- I'-, ~9(, \""f9J:: o
99~ : C'< G""f9fJ)o
4
tJ-5: 1.900 (it~~f())-::>0-t-i<) .:tA""f9o
A: C\t:J-:J G-t->C '*ito
99~: 1,900 (it~~f())-30-t-i<) .:tA, ~9l,\""f9t}.o
B: 9Ji.*it~o Z.O) T ~-v'Y < t.:~C ' o
A : z.n,t 2 U:) *c ,-z:: 1.000 (it~) .:t~""f9J:: o
2
B : -f-::>""f9fJ)o t.;-r-,S, 2 U:) *c' < t.:~C ,0
99~ : tJ-5~~' J/.-c Z.O) ~-V'Yo
tJ-5: c,<G""f9fJ)o
1.000 (it A:~-r-i< B:-z:~c,~
99~: 1 (l,\~) *(,\ 1.000 (it~) .:t~c'9,
~) .:t~o ,iG(,\7&:o 100 ,,..z-::;c s1&: t.;o

3
tJ-5: 99~~~, Z.O) :::::J-1'-, tcfJ)-l, \o
99~ : C'< G""f9fJ)o
tJ-7: 50,000 (2::'*~) .:t~o
99~ : ""-.:t-, 50.000 (2='*~) .:t~,t tcfJ)l, \o c't>,
fJ)-:JZ.(,\(,\ o

4
99~:tJ-7~~' Z.O) <-:), ~-::>c'9~
tJ-5: C'< G""f9fJ)o 0
99~: 2.900 U:it~~f()l-::>0-t-i<) .:t~c'9o
tJ-5: A_;t_-, C\(, \""f9t}.o 2.900 U:it~~f()l-::>0-t-> <) ;t ~ ~ CD
~ o 104 ,,..Z-Vc. S?&: t.;o

5
tJ-5: 99~~~, Ji.To Z.O) <-:)Gtc, 500 (2::·0-r-i<) @)
;t~c'9J:: o ( 1 ) 1(f) 2(a) 3(e) 4(c) 5(b)
99~: 500 (2::·0-r-i<) .:t~tJ\ *S*S""f9t}.o ( 2) 1( 7) 2( 1 ) 3( :f) 4( I ) 5( 7 )

139
1 3
99g : *-t~/v, s,1J::-5C:'~''(, '*9o 99g : (])t.:~lt.,, '\'!>9clj.,1 c 'L';: t, ,g* Gt.::1.J)o
*-t : cV> , s,1J:::;,C:'~''(, '*9o (])t.: : Pt.::G,1 c'L';:=t t,,g*~ft.,--CL,t.::o
99g : '\'99clj.,1 c'-5--CGt.::1.J\ 99g : "t'?C'91.J)o
*-t : L-5.:tfv--C Lc'=tc 2v>-ftJ* Gt.::o (])t.: : Pt.::G,1 -5~--C, <0~P(]) ;tt,\f.J):a: clj.*L,t.::o
99g : J::f.J)-:::,t.::C'9fc}o s=t l,01.J)-:::,t.::--C:9d:: o
*-t : ,1l, \o t.::(}) l,f.J)-:::,t.::C'9o
4
2 V=l1' : s,1J::-5c:-~-l '*9o
:!f.b. : 99g~1t.,, '\'99clj.,1 c'-5--CGt.::1.J\ --\7::,t : 2v>, s,1J::-5c:-~-l '*9o V=l1~1t.,, '\'99clj.,1 c '
99g : '\'99clj.,1, 2v>t.::6 L,t,' vA 1'7::,t--C f.J):f< c GJ:: ::>""Cl,t.::1.J)o *~';: l,\g*L,t.::1.J)o
<G:a: G*Gt.::o V=l1': c·L,;:=t t,,g*~ft.,--CL,t.::J:: o -5~--C *fvf.J):a:
:!f.b. : 2v>t.::6 L,t,' v A 1'7::,t? c'-5--C Gt.::1.J\ J::Jj.* L,t.:: o
99g : .}sl, \ l,f.J)-:::,t.::C'9J::o --\7::,t : ,1,1, bt.:: G=t ""C9o

3
t.::f,J_f.J): :!f.b.~ft.,, '\'!)9Jj.,1?
e
:!f.b. : bt.::G,1 -5~,;: t, '* Gt.::o (D
kt,J_~:2v>2v>, -f::>G, ~A,k<, --C:9~?
v,
:!f .b. : ;t ;t' -f -5--C 9 td A,C' L, t.::
0 0

Q1 ,tt, \ ,1t, \
2 3
l, \l, \;t
4
l,\l,\;t
5
l,\l,\;t
....... .................... ............. ... ...........................
Q2 ,1t, \ ,1t, \ l, \l, \;t l, \l, \;t ,1t, \
4
*-t : tJ-7~/t.,, '\'!>9clj.,1 c'-5--CGt.::1.J)o Q1 : ,1t,\ (2) ,;:A, l,\l,\;t (3) ,;:Jv
jJ-7 : ::J-l:::-~=J 'Y-/C' ]7)1.,J'\-{ l':a: L,*L,t.::o Q2 : ,1t,' ( 3) ,;:A, t, \l, \;t ( 2) ';:A,
*-t : A..;t, c'-5--C Gt.::t.J\
jJ-7 : l, \-ff.J)l,f.J)-:::>tCC'9o '---"--- - - - (D
A : LC L,(]) ,11:J_tJtd \f.J)t, ,,1 c·-5--c L,t.::1.J)o
5 1 99g : 2v>2v>, J::f.J)-:::,t.::--C:9d::o ,aAc:;,,;: gnt, ,--cL,t.::o
jJ-7: t.::f,J_f.J)~/v, '\'!>9clj.,1? 2 t.::f,J_f.J) : :;,A,, gnt, \--Cl,t.::o ,11:J_tJ, 9,10 l,f.J)-:::,t.::""C9o
t.::f,J_f.J):,i<,;L c=tt.:~c if,ytJ-:a: Jj.,;: t,,g*L,t.::o 31.J)pt,,: -f::>--C9t}o Lc.L,,t, *2v>*2v>, --CGt.::o De
tJ-7 : if'YtJ- ! c'-5--CL,t.::1.J)o f.J) ssf.J)-:::,t.::--C9o
kt,J_~:v~~ffi ~~*Gk!-5nG~-:::,k--C~ 4 ~::,t : De, De, Dc--C, --:Jf.J)h* L,t.::o
5 1°7/ : ~J:::)C DC.f.J) SS1.J)-:::,t.::""C9o --:Jf.J)h*Gt.::o

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141
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(,\~ ichi [.;$? juu
............................................................................................................................................." ......... ..
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t: ni t:'O~( nihyaku
···--····················. ..................................
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.................................................... ......................... .

3 30 300 5,000
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4 40 400 8 ,000
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5 50 500 10,000
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6 60 600 50,000
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................................................................................................................................................................................
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............................................................................................................................
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....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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................................................................................................................................................................................
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.............................. .............. ..................... ....................... .............................................. .......... , ............................. .... ........................
t:,1/v
ichi -mai

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futatsu ni-ko futari ni-satsu ni-hon ni-mai ni-sai

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mittsu san-ko san-nin san-satsu san-bon san -mai san-sai

4 ~'":)-:) ~/vZ: ~1v,11v


yottsu yon-ko yo -nin yon-satsu yon-hon yon-mai yon-sai
..,.,,..,.
5 (, \-:)-:) <-<- Z:U/v
itsutsu go-ko go-hon

6
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~~-:> ~~L. L,~t:/v/ ~~~-:> ~~,1/v ~~*(,\ ~~~(,\


nanatsu nana-ko ~~t:/v nana-satsu nana-hon nana-mai nana-sai
7
shichi-nin I
nana-nin

~'":)-:) t1~Z:/ t1~t:/v t1'":)~-:) t1:)t£/v t1~*(, \ t1'":)~(, \


8
yattsu ti'":)2:. hachi-nin hassatsu happon hachi-mai hassai
hachi -ko I
hakko

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9
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10
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142
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1 F.I ichi-gatsu
2F.I ni-gatsu
3F.I san-gatsu

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4F.I shi-gatsu
SF.I go-gatsu
6F.I roku-gatsu

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9F.I ku -gatsu

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88 98 10 8 11 8 12 8 13 8 14 8

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15 8 16 8 17 8 18 8 19 8 208 21 8

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nijuu-ichi-nichi

228 238 248 258 268 278 288


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nichi

298 308 31 8

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nijuu-ku-nichi sanjuu-nichi ,:b
sanjuu-ichi-nichi

143
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5 Gh:fvO) z:c~ tJ)fvtc.1v,: ,t1Jl*9
................................................................................................................................................................................................................•
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4 1J)~<i;1: 3i:A;t,9 7 tJ)-=f<O) z:c~ tJ)/vtc.1v,: ,t1Jl*9
.................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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5 t..:i:tJi 9~-C,:91)) 9 9~1J tc.X..f;O)jJ) tJ,:tJ) ,ttJ L,*9
...........................................................................................................................................................................................
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11
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................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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············ ..................................................... ..........................................................................
today?
14 -~ )(-=..:z.-~ ~JJ-*9
15
16
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................................................................................................................................................................................................................
18 ct;tc.15~ r,, \;t,: L,.;:-SH \9G E )(-Jt.,~ fJ)~*9
8 (, \(, \ -"~-C:"tt.l
It's a nice room 20
21 r,, \;lO) ;'JjJ)~ "&J/vtJ(, \l,*9
............. ...................................................................................................................................................................................................
22 -- ·ttz: 1J*;t~ (;19>-jL,.;:~ ~JJ-*9
9 f..:A.(.;,: ~~*91)) 23
What time do you get up?

10 (, \?t)i (, \(, \-C,:91)) (,\-::>L,19>-SfJ)/vO) ;z7V.:z.-Jt.,,:-::>t,\-C ,ttJL,*9


...............................................................................................................................................................................................................
When is convenient for you? 26 /\-71'-~ r,, \-::>,: 9GfJ) ,ttJ L,*9
........................................................................................................................................................................................
27 ;,-;z?-11- t<~ 7))~*9
11 ~io,hi.t t..:A.-C:"ttJ) ·- ~-~-·· . ~ . .~.! . ~.'-~?..~.~! . .~~.~-~.! .!... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... ..
What's your hobby? 29 ~9Jf0) -o,: tJ,:~ 9GfJ) ,ttJL,*9
12 (, ' ? ~.;:,: (,\~*-'it A,t))
Shall we go together? 31 -{X../H: t,\<fJ) c·-sfJ) (,\(,\*9
...............................................................................................................................................................................................................
32 ct;tc."'5c r,, \-::> L,.;:,: --rmtGtJ) c·-stJ) ,ttJ l*9
13 l:?~-:>"C l,\~*91))
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...............................................................................................................................................................................................................
35 t;<-C~--f5*-Z: c.·-5~-=>-C t,\<fJ) ,ttJL,*9
14 ~?~(,\~ ~-r'2>-C:"t
It's a famous temple

15 jJ)t.)(, \(, \ ! 39 jJ)(, \f;::_(, \ f;O),:-::>(, \-C ,ttJL,*9


.............................................................................................................................................................................................................
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16 i:.h~ <t.:~(,\ 41 JJ--tt,: °&JG t;O),:-::>r,, \-C c.·-s st;-SfJ) r,, \(, \*9
..............................................................................................................................................................................................................
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..............................................................................................................................................................................................................
43 ~ Jf-tt-Z: jJ)(, \f)O)~ L,*9
17 f;;.(l)~t))?f;;.-C,:9
It was fun 45
46

I would like to visit Kyoto next time

144
*** : G*Gt.:: I did it, but could do it better. ***: -C~*Gt.:: I did it. *** :J::<-C~*Gt.:: I did it well.

(~ I ,F3 I B) I
Exchange greetings 1 I I
Recognise Japanese characters 2
Use basic classroom expressions 3 I I
Write your name and country in Japanese 4 ***
Give a simple self introduction 5 ***
................................................................................................................................................................................. .............. ..........................
I I

l Recognise the parts of a business card 6 ***


Talk briefly about your family 7 I I
......................................................................................................................... ..................................................................... ··························
Tell someone about your family, using a family photo 8
Talk about your favorite foods 9 I I
Offer someone a drink 10 ***
................................................................................................................................................................................ .............. ..........................
Talk about your breakfast 11 ***
Say what your favorite dish is 12 *** I I
Talk with a friend about where to go for lunch 13
***
............................................................. ..................................................................................................................... .......................................
Read a menu 14
***
Order food and drinks at a hamburger shop 15 ***
Say what kind of home you live in 16 *** I I
Say what you have in your home 17 ***
................ .................................................................................................................................. ..................................................................
Write an E-mail inviting someone to your home 18 ***
Ask / Say where to put things in the room 19 ***
.......................................................................................................................... ..................................................................... ..........................
I I
Visit I Welcome a friend 20 ***
Show someone around your home 21
Recognise the name and address on signs 22
Say the time you do something 23 I I
Talk about your daily routine 24
25 I I
Talk about your schedule for this week
***
............................................................ ............................................................. ......................................... ·············· ············· ......................... .
26
Talk about when to have a party
27
***
Write a birthday card
*** I I
Talk about your hobbies 28
29
*** ..........................
Talk about what you do on your days off
30
*** I I
Recognise information on posters and calendars for events
31
***
***
Say whether or not you will attend an event
........................................................................................................................................................................... ..........................
Talk about whether or not you can go out with your friend 32 ***
Recognise station and taxi signs 33 *** I I
................................................................................................................................................, ......................................................................... .
Show a taxi driver a note and say your destination 34 ***
Say how to get to a particular destination 35 ***
36 ***
Say how to get to a destination. using a map I I

'
Say where you are now over the phone 37 ***
........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ .
Recognise opening/ closing times on shop noticeboards 38 ***
39 ***
Talk about what you want to buy I I
Talk about where to shop for something you want 40 ***
Make a brief comment on things in a shop 41 ***
. .......................................................... ................................................................................................................................. ..........................
I I
Read prices 42 ***
................... .................................................................................................................................................................. ........................................
Do some shopping 43 ***
Read a short blog 44 *** I I

Say what you did on your days off 45 ***


........................................................................................................................................................................................................................

. ................ . ~~t.?..~i~~~Y.~.~-~~.X.?.~. ~.~.?..U..~.~.~. ~.?..?.~.~-X.?..U..~..~.~X.~...?..~......... ...........................~~-·- .... ***


Write a short blog about your days off 47 ***
I I
Read a simple E-mail 48 ***
Say what you did on your travels 49 ***
..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Say where you want to go next time 50 ***
145
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TEL. 03-3405-4511 FAX. 03-3405-4522

tiM 00190-9-72758
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© 2013 The Japan Foundation Printed in Japan ISBN978-4-384-05752-2 (0081

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