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Juan Luna (1857-1899)

- Full name: Juan Luna y Novicio

- Born in the town of Badoc, Ilocos Norte, on October 23, 1857

- Died at the age of 42 on December 7, 1899 from a heart attack

- He was the third among the seven children of Joaquín Posadas Luna and Laureana Ancheta Novicio-

- Was a Filipino painter, sculptor and a political activist of the Philippine Revolution during the late 19th

- On December 4, 1886, Luna married Maria de la Paz Pardo de Tavera, a sister of his friend Felix and
Trinidad Pardo de Tavera.

- They had one son, whom they named Andrés, and a daughter, Maria de la Paz, nicknamed Bibi, who died
in infancy.

- Luna was fond of his wife. However, the jealous.

- Luna frequently accused Paz of having an affair with a certain Monsieur Dussaq. Finally in a fit of

- He killed his wife and mother-in-law and wounded his brother-in-law, Felix, on September 22, 1892.

- He was arrested and murder charges were filed against him.

- September 16, 1896, he and his brother Antonio Luna were arrested by Spanish authorities for being
involved with the Katipunan rebel army.

- Despite his imprisonment, Luna was still able to produce a work of art which he gave to a visiting priest.

Early Life and Education

- Luna enrolled at Escuela Nautica de Manila (now Philippine Merchant Marine Academy) and became a

- He took drawing lessons under the illustrious painting teacher Lorenzo Guerrero of Ermita, Manila.

- He also enrolled in the Academy of Fine Arts (Academia de Dibujo y Pintura) in Manila where he was
influenced and taught how to draw by the Spanish artist Agustin Saez.

- He became one of the most recognized Philippine artists.


- In 1883 Luna started the painting demanded of him by the Ayuntamiento.

- In May 1884, he shipped the large canvas of the Spoliarium to Madrid for the year's Exposición Nacional
de Bellas Artes.

- He was the first recipient of the three gold medals awarded in the exhibition and Luna gained
recognition among the connoisseurs and art critics present.

- On June 25, 1884, Filipino and Spanish nobles organized an event celebrating Luna's win in the

- He moved to Paris in 1885 where he opened his own studio and befriended Hidalgo. A year after, he
finished the piece El Pacto de Sangre (The Blood Compact) in accordance with the agreement he had with
the Ayuntamiento of Manila.

Notable Works

- Spoliarium, 1884,

- The Death of Cleopatra, 1881

- El Pacto de Sangre, 1884

- La Batalla de Lepanto, 1887

- The Parisian Life, 1892

- The River, 1885