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Dr. Shaikh Abdul Rahim Shaikh Ajam Dr Bandapalle D N

BAMS MD scholar,Rachana shareer dept. Asso-prof.,Rachana shareer Dept.

,Late B V Kale ayurved college & Hosptl.,Latur. Late B V Kale Ayurved college,latur.


Haemorhoid have been known to mankind for a long time and are one of the
commonest disease to affect the human being .prime etiological factor is mithya ahaar

vihaar and is unavoidable due to busy life style if arsha vyadhi is not treated in early
stages it varies anatomically in grades [anatomically 4grades of arsha ]in our area was

observrd that percentage of patient having arsha vyadhi was high hence this problem
was selected for study to give diagnostic tool and anatomical structure is the major tool
for vaidyas to treat the disease.

Key words- Haemorhoids,Guda shareer, Arsha.


Ayurveda is science of life and rachna shareer is the major tool for vaidyas to treat the
disease one of the prime important disease from ashtaumahagada is arsha .ayurveda

the and description of arsha ,it is an entity in which muscular projection troubles the
patient like enemy and guda is sadyo pranhar marma arsha if not properly diagnosed

and treated it may cause sadyo pranhani this disorder commonly occurs percentage of
patients having haemorhoid are increased in our area ,so we thought to give update on

arsha vyadhi and its anatomical changes in to the correct method treatment for the
proper diagnosis and treatment purposes.

1.To study shareera of guda.

2.To provide guideline to treat arsha vyadhi by studying sharir of gud[anus].


On the basis of observation & According to ayurveda &modern text discussed

,this disease is well within the purview of gastroenterology and the treatment of

haemorhoids and other anorectal disorder should be encorperated in to the typical GI

practice ,the review of literature showed that about 75% of people may have

haemorhoids at some stages in their lives ,haemorhoids are most common among
adults age 45 to 65 and aiso common in pregnant women.


In ancient literature structure of anus is described as ,last part of large

intestine with muscular ridges,pravahani-visarjani-sanvahani....(SUSHRUT


Charak commentators Chakrapani datta also gives functional

classification of anus as,uttar gud &adhar gud there is storage of faeces in uttar
gud &elimination of waste products takesplace at adhar gud. (CHARAK

shareersthaan 7) ¨


1.It is observational type of study. 2.patients of anorectal diseases selected for study.

3.seaperate case papers and quistionares prepared and various examination like
inspection,proctoscopy carried out and records presented .

Literary study of anus &structural changes in various diseases according to ayurveda

text &modern science has been done , And study on patient it is observed that
,symptomatic haemorhoidal disease is age old problem commonly encountered in our

society and patients often present to gastroenterologist for evaluation and care
incidence of sentinel piles is more in young age than old age ,more chances of piles at

anterior site in female and posterior site in female .and it is observed that for
management of pile anatomical study of anal canal is major tool.


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