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Conductometric Titration of Mixture of Acids

Aim:

To estimate the amount of acids A & B (Strong acid HCL and weak acid CH3COOH) present
in the given mixture of acids using a strong base NaOH conductomertically.

Theory:

Conductance measurements are employed to find the end points of acids- alkali and other
titration. The principle involve is that electrical conductance depends upon the number and
mobility of ions.

When a mixture of strong acid (HCL) and weak acid (CH3COOH) is titrated against a strong
alkali (NaOH). Combinations of curves with two inflection points are obtained. If mixture of
Hydrochloric acid and acetic acid are titrated against sodium hydroxide, Hydrochloric acid
being a much strong acid will get titrated first. The titrations of acetic acid commences only
after Hydrochloric acid has been completely neutralized.

The conductance falls linearly with the addition of sodium hydroxide. The conductance
reaches a minimum at the point corresponding to complete neutralization of HCL. Acetic acid
being neutralized by the addition of NaOH the conductance now increase because of the
formation of highly ionized sodium acetate which replaces the weakly ionized acetic acid.
After the neutralization is over the conductance still largely, and rapidly increases due to
supply of free OH- ions. From the intersecting points the NaOH required to neutralize HCL
and acetic caid are calculated. While the point a corresponding of acetic acid.

Apparatus and Chemicals required:

Digital conductivity meter, Conductivity cell, Beaker (100 ml), Glass rod, Standard flask,
Pipette, Burette, NaOH, HCL & CH3COOH

Procedure:

1. Wash the conductivity cell and calibrate the cell constant in the conductivity water.
2. Take 10 ml of HCL and 10 ml of CH3COOH and mix it in a beaker.
3. Fill the burette with NaOH upto 20 ml.
4. Add 1 ml of NaOH and stir well.
5. Immerse the cell in beaker containing mixture of acids and measure the conductance.
6. Note the conductance after each ml addition of NaOH solution.
7. Plot a graph with conductance of the solution (y- axis) against volume of NaOH
added (X-axis).
8. From the inflection points a and b strength of Hydrochloric acid and acetic acid
present in given mixture can be determined.
Calculation:

Observation Table:

No. Volume of alkali added (ml) Conductance (mho)

Strength of Hydrochloric acid:

Volume of NaOH required for neutralizing HCL a= …………ml

Normality of NaOH= 0.1 ml

Volume of mixture of acids= 20ml

Normality of HCL=

X=

=……………g

Amount of HCL present in given one litre of solution= X* 36.45

=…………….g

Strength of Acetic acid:

Volume of NaOH required for neutralizing Acetic acid b = …………ml

Normality of NaOH= 0.1 ml

Volume of mixture of acids= 20ml

Normality of Acetic acid =


Y=

=……………g

Amount of Acetic acid present in given one litre of solution= Y* 60

=…………….g

Result:

Amonut of Hydrochloric acid present in given solution is …………………..g.

Amonut of Acetic acid present in given solution is …………………..g.