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PERSONAL ASSIGNMENT 1

(WEEK 2 / SESSION 3)

(120 minutes)
A. Listening Skill 1 (8 Points)

Listen to each passage and the questions that follow. Then choose the best answers to the
questions.

PASSAGE ONE (Questions 1-2)


Listen to a conversation between a student and a professor.

1. Why does the student go to see the professor?


A. To ask the professor for a form
B. To find out what will be taught
C. To get a signature on a form
D. To ask a question about some course material (√)

2. What does the student want to do?


A. Repeat a course(√)
B. Sign a form
C. Find out his grade
D. Learn about a course

PASSAGE TWO (Questions 3-4)


Listen as a student visits a university office.

3. Why does the student go to the office?


A. To learn about a university policy
B. To find a solution for a problem(√)
C. To file a form before the deadline
D. To ask when something will happen

4. What is the topic of the conversation?


A. Using the computer system
B. Filing a change of address form
C. Learning when grades will be sent out
D. Finding a missing document(√)

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PASSAGE THREE (Questions 5-6)
Listen to some students having a discussion.

5. What are the students discussing?


A. Various ways that major lakes formed (√)
B. The world’s largest body of water
C. Where various lakes are located
D. Lakes that formed in the same way

6. Why are the students discussing this material?


A. They have just seen a presentation about it.
B. They are preparing for an exam on it.
C. They must present it to their classmates. (√)
D. They are writing a research paper.

PASSAGE TWO (Questions 7-8)


Listen as a professor leads a class discussion.

7. What is the topic of this discussion?


A. Two contrasting theories on storms(√)
B. The function of centripetal force in storms
C. The history of meteorology
D. Like theories by two different scientists

8. Why is the topic being discussed?


A. It was introduced by the professor.
B. It was on an exam the students took. (√)
C. It was assigned to the students for homework.
D. It was brought up by a student.

B. Listening Skill 2 (8 points)

Listen to each passage and the questions that follow. Then choose the best answers to the
questions.

PASSAGE ONE (Questions 1-6)


Listen as a student talks to an office worker on campus.
1. What is the student’s situation?
A. She wants to buy another parking sticker.
B. She needs to pay a parking ticket.
C. She is trying to get her first parking sticker. (√)
D. She would like to get a credit card.

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2. How is the student going to pay?
A. With cash
B. With a check(√)
C. With a credit card
D. With a debit card

3. What does the student NOT need to do?


A. Complete a form
B. Show identification
C. Pay a fee
D. Bring her car(√)

4. Where does the sticker go?


Choose 2 answers.
A. On the front window
B. On the back window
C. On the right side
D. On the left side(√)

5. What is stated about parking on campus?


A. Students may not park in colored areas.
B. Campus parking areas are distinguished by color. (√)
C. Areas marked with colors are not for parking.
D. Parking stickers are marked with different colors.

6. Who parks in which areas?


Choose 2 answers.
A. Students use blue parking areas.
B. Faculty and staff use blue parking areas. (√)
C. Students use yellow parking areas. (√)
D. Faculty and staff

C. Reading skill 1 and 2 (13 Points)

Study the passage and choose the best answers to the questions that follow.

Coral Colonies

Coral colonies require a series of complicated events and circumstances to develop into
the characteristically intricate reef structures for which they are known. These events and
circumatances involve physical and chemical processes as well as delicate interactions among
various animals and plants for coral colonies to thrive.

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The basic element in the development of coralline reef structures is a group of animals
from the Anthozoa class, called stony corals, that is closely related to jellyfish and sea anemones.
These small polyps (the individual animals that make up the coral reef), which are for the most
part only a fraction of an inch in length, live in colonies made up of an immeasurable number of
polyps clustered together. Each individual polyp obtains calcium from the seawater where it lives
to create a skeleton around the lower part of its body, and the polyps. Many polyps tend to retreat
inside of their skeletons during hours of daylight and then stretch partially outside of their
skeletons duirng hours of darkness to feed on minute plankton from the water around them. The
mouth at the top of each body is surrounded by rings of tentacles used to grab onto food, and
these rings of tentacles make the polyps look like flowers with rings of clustered petals; because
of this, biologists for years thought that corals were plants rather than animals.
Once these coralline structures are established, they reproduce very quickly. They build
in upward and outward directions to create a fringe of living coral surrounding the skeletal
remnants of once-living coral. That coralline structures are commonplace in tropical waters
around the world is due to the fact that they reproduce so quickly rather than the fact that they
are hardy life-forms easily able to withstand external forces of nature. They cannot survive in
water that is too dirty, and they need water that is at least 720 F (or 220 C) to exist, so they are
formed only in waters ranging from 300 north to 300 south of the equator. They need a significant
amount of sunlight, so they live only within an area between the surface of the ocean and a few
meters beneath it. In addition, they require specific types of microscopic algae for their
existence. They are also prey to other sea animals such as sponges and clams that bore into their
skeletal structures and weaken them.
Coral colonies cannot build reef structures without considerable assistance. The many
openings in and among the skeletons must be filled in and cemented together by material from
around the colonies. The filling material often consists of fine sediments created either from the
borings and waste of other animals around the coral of from the skeletons, shells, and remnants
of dead plants and animals. The material that is used to cement the coral reefs comes from algae
and other microscopic forms of seaweed.
An additional part of the process of reef formation is the ongoing compaction and
cementation that occurs throughout the process. Because of the soluble and delicate nature of the
material from wich coral is created, the relatively unstable crystals of corals and shells break
down over time and are then rearranged as more stable form of limestone.
The coraline structures that are created through these complicated processes are
extremely variable in form. They may, for example, be treelike and branching, or they may have
more rounded and compact shapes. What they share in common, however, is the extraordinary
variety of platn and animal life-forms that are a necessary part of the ongoing process of their
formation.

GLOSSARY
Polyps: simple sea animals with tube-shaped bodies

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Questions

1. The word they in paragraph 1 refers to


A. Coral colonies(√)
B. Events and circumstances
C. Intricate reef structures
D. Chemical processes

2. The word that in paragraph 2 refers to


A. The bacis element
B. The development of coralline reef structures
C. A group of animals
D. The Anthozoa class(√)

3. The phraese an immeasurable number in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to


A. An exact integer
B. A huge quantity(√)
C. A surprising total
D. A changing sum

4. The word minute in paragraph 2 could best be replaced by


A. Tiny(√)
B. Light
C. Timely
D. Soft

5. The phrase once-living in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to


A. Aging
B. Dead
C. Growing
D. Solitary(√)

6. The word hardy in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to


A. Difficult
B. Fragile
C. Scarce
D. Rugged(√)

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7. The word they in paragraph 3 refers to
A. Coralline structures(√)
B. Upward and outward directions
C. Skeletal remnants
D. External forces of nature

8. The word them in paragraph 3 refers to


A. Sea animals(√)
B. Sponges and clams
C. Skeletal structures
D. Many openings

9. The word borings in paragraph 4 is closests in meaning to


A. Dull pieces(√)
B. Strange creations
C. Living beings
D. Powdery remnants

10. The word ongoing in paragraph 5 is closest in meaning to


A. Mobile
B. Continuous(√)
C. Increasing
D. Periodic

11. The phrase break down in paragraph 5 is closest in meaning to


A. Cease functioning
B. Interrupt
C. Descend
D. Decompose(√)

12. The word that in paragraph 6 refers to


A. Variety
B. Life-forms
C. Part(√)
D. Process

13. The word their in paragraph 6 refers to


A. Coralline structures(√)
B. Complicated processes
C. Rounded and more compact shapes
D. Plant and animal life-forms

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D. Speaking: Retelling (71 Points)

Remember and review again your previous video conference. Around 5 minutes, record
the main point that you have got in the previous meeting. Download Orai application in your
mobile phone. Use free style feature to record your speaking. Send the speaking to WA or LINE
group and also attach the link of your recording here.

https://drive.google.com/open?id=1nMYO0o43I3zImoOMf6cPYWc5RlVFL_bw

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