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En inglés se llaman verbos regulares a aquellos que forman el pasado agregando el sufijo ‘ed’ o ‘d’ a la raíz del verbo. Este marcador de pasado ayuda a reconocer a este tipo de verbos en un texto escrito.

Ejemplos de verbos regulares:

VERBO

PRESENTE

PASADO SIMPLE

PARTICIPIO

ESPAÑOL

ask

ask / asks

Asked

asked

Pedir, preguntar

invite

invite / invites

Invited

invited

Invitar

play

play / plays

Played

played

Jugar

want

want / wants

Wanted

wanted

Querer

Ortografía de los verbos regulares en pasado. ORTOGRAFÍA DEL PASADO REGULAR

a) A los verbos que terminan en -e se les agrega una -d para formar el

pasado

Ejemplos:

phone / phoned

smile /

agree / agreed

smiled

die /

died

lie /

lied

b) A los verbos que no terminan en - e se les añade - ed para formar el

pasado.

Ejemplos:

arrive / arrived

ask /

clean / cleaned smile / smiled

asked

c)

Los verbos que se deletrean con una sola vocal y que van seguidos de

una sola consonante se les duplica la consonante. Ejemplos:

beg / begged rub / rubbed

d) Los verbos de dos sílabas en que la última sílaba tiene una sola vocal

acentuada ( con carga de voz), se les duplica la última consonante. Ejemplos:

Prefer /

preferred

(pre `fer)

refer /

referred

(re `fer)

e) Cuando el verbo termina en - y precedida de una consonante, la -

y cambia a - i quedando la terminación -ied. Ejemplos:

carry / carried

fry /

fried

Pronunciación de los verbos regulares en pasado PRONUNCIACION DEL PASADO REGULAR La pronunciación de la terminación de pasado de los verbos regulares varía en tres formas:

/ t / ~ / d / ~

/id /

A) Se pronuncia /d/ cuando los verbos terminan en sonido vocálico o en

los siguientes sonidos consonánticos:

/b/

como en

rubbed

/g/

como en

tugged

/d3/

como en

managed

/l/

como en

filled

/m/

como en

dimmed

/n/

como en

listened

/r/

como en

stirred

/v/

como en

loved

/z/

como en

seized

b) Se pronuncia /t/ cuando los verbos terminan en los siguientes sonidos:

/k/

como en

packed

/s/

como en

passed

/ts/ (ch)

como en

watched

/s/ (sh)

como en

washed

/f/

como en

laughed

/p/

como en

tipped

c) Se pronuncia /id/ cuando los verbos terminan en los sonidos:

/t/ como en posted /d/ como en added

A diferencia de los verbos regulares los verbos irregulares no tienen un marcador de pasado que ayude a reconocerlos. Afortunadamente, el grupo de verbos irregulares está compuesto por un número limitado de verbos (unos 350), mientras que existen miles de verbos regulares.

Ortografía de los verbos regulares.

a) En algunos casos la forma del infinitivo y del pasado es igual.

VERBO

PRESENTE

PASADO SIMPLE

PARTICIPIO

ESPAÑOL

/ 3ªp.s.

Cut

cut / cuts

Cut

cut

cortar

Cost

cost/ costs

Cost

cost

costar

Let

let / lets

Let

let

dejar

Put

put / puts

Put

put

poner

b)

En algunos verbos la forma infinitiva termina en d y la de pasado en

t.

VERBO

PRESENTE

PASADO SIMPLE

PARTICIPIO

ESPAÑOL

/ 3ªp.s.

Lend

lend / lends

Lent

lent

prestar

Send

send / sends

Sent

sent

enviar

Spend

spend/spends

Spent

spend

prestar

c) Algunos verbos sufren cambios en las consonantes en la forma de pasado.

VERBO PRESENTE

/ 3ªp.s.

PASADO SIMPLE PARTICIPIO ESPAÑOL

Have

have / has

Had

Had

haber,tener

Make

make / makes

Made

Made

hacer,fabricar

Pay

pay / pays

Paid

Paid

pagar

d) Algunos verbos sufren cambios vocálicos en el pasado.

VERBO PRESENTE

/ 3ªp.s.

PASADO SIMPLE PARTICIPIO ESPAÑOL

Begin

begin / begins

Began

Begun

empezar

Drink

drink / drinks

Drank

Drunk

beber

Drive

drive / drives

Drove

Driven

manejar

Eat

eat / eats

Ate

Eaten

comer

Find

find / finds

Found

Found

encontrar

Get

get / gets

Got

Got

obtener, etc

Give

give / gives

Gave

Given

dar

Know

know/ knows

Knew

Known

conocer

e) Algunos verbos irregulares sufren cambios consonánticos y vocálicos en el tiempo pasado.

VERBO PRESENTE

PASADO

PARTICIPIO ESPAÑOL

/ 3ªp.s.

SIMPLE

Be

am,are / is

Was / were

Been

ser, estar

Bring

bring / brings

Brought

Brought

traer

Buy

buy / buys

Bought

Bought

comprar

Catch

catch/

Caught

Caught

tomar

Do

catches

Did

Done

hacer

Feel

do / does

Felt

Felt

sentir

Go

feel / feels

Went

Gone

ir

Hear

go / goes

Heard

Heard

oir

Keep

hear / hears

Kept

Kept

guardar,

keep / keeps

mantener.

LISTA DE VERBOS IRREGULARES

INFINITIVO

PASADO

PARTICIPIO

SIGNIFICADO

arise

arose

arisen

Elevarse, surgir, originarse.

awake

awoke

awoken

Despertar, mover, excitar.

bear

bore

born

Soportar, sostener, tolerar.

beat

beat

beaten

Batir,revolver, golpear,

become

became

become

vencer. Hacerse,tornarse,convertirse

begin

began

begun

en. Empezar, iniciar.

bend

bent

bent

Doblar, inclinar, torcer.

bet

bet

bet

Apostar

bind

bound

bound

Atar, unir, enlazar.

bite

bit

bitten

Morder.

blow

blew

blown

Soplar

break

broke

broken

Quebrar, partir, romper.

bring

brought

brought

Traer, llevar, conducir.

build

built

built

Construir, edificar.

burn

burnt

burnt

Quemar, incendiar.

burst

burst

burst

Romper, reventar.

buy

bought

bought

Comprar

catch

caught

caught

Coger, asir, atrapar.

choose

chose

chosen

Escoger, elegir.

cling

clung

clung

Asirse, adherirse, pegarse.

come

came

come

Venir

cost

cost

cost

Costar

creep

crept

crept

Arrastrarse,deslizarse,

cut

cut

cut

pegarse. Cortar, dividir.

deal

dealt

dealt

Tratar, tener que referirse.

dig

dug

dug

Cavar, ahondar.

do

did

done

Hacer, ejecutar.

draw

drew

drawn

Tirar, arrastrarse, atraer,

drink

drank

drunk

dibujar. Beber

drive

drove

driven

Impulsar, conducir, llevar, inducir.

fall

fell

fallen

Caer, disminuir.

feed

fed

fed

Alimentar, nutrir.

feel

felt

felt

Sentir, percibir, tocar.

fight

fought

fought

Pelear, combatir.

find

found

found

Encontrar, descubrir.

find out

found out

found out

Averiguar, investigar.

flee

fled

fled

Escapar, huír, evitar.

fly

flew

flown

Volar

forbid

forbade

forbidden

Prohibir.

foresee

foresaw

foreseen

Prever, prevenir

forget

forgot

forgotten

Olvidar (se)

forgive

forgave

forgiven

Perdonar

freeze

froze

frozen

Congelar

get

got

got (ten)

Lograr, obtener, conseguir.

give

gave

given

Dar, conceder.

go

went

gone

Ir (se), funcionar, resultar.

grind

ground

ground

Moler, triturar.

grow

grew

grown

Crecer, cultivar.

hang

hung

hung

Colgar, Suspender.

have

had

had

Tener, haber.

hear

heard

heard

Oír, escuchar.

hide

hid

hid (den)

Ocultar, encubrir.

hit

hit

hit

Pegar, golpear, acertar.

hold

held

held

Sostener,mantener,contener.

hurt

hurt

hurt

Herir, dañar, lastimar.

keep

kept

kept

Mantener,guardar,conservar.

know

knew

known

Conocer, saber.

lay

laid

laid

Poner, colocar.

lead

led

led

Guiar, llevar, conducir.

lean

leant

leant

Inclinar(se), apoyarse.

learn

learnt

learnt

Aprender, saber.

leave

left

left

Partir, irse, abandonar.

lend

lent

lent

Prestar

let

let

let

Permitir, conceder.

lie

lay

lain

Tenderse, descansar, estar, situado.

light

lit

lit

Alumbrar, iluminar, encender (se).

lose

lost

lost

Perder, malgastar.

make

made

made

Hacer, confeccionar, producir.

mean

meant

meant

Significar,querer decir

meet

met

met

pretender. Encontrarse, satisfacer.

melt

melted

molten (old)

Derretir(se), fundir(se).

mistake

mistook

mistaken

Equivocarse, comprender

mal, errar misunderstand misunderstood misunderstood Entender mal.

overcome

overcame

overcome

Vencer, superar,

pay

paid

paid

sobreponerse. Pagar, recompensar.

put

put

put

Poner,colocar, exponer.

read

read

read

Leer,descifrar, marcar.

rebuild

rebuilt

rebuilt

Reconstruir

rid

rid

rid

Librarse, zafarse.

ride

rode

ridden

Rodar, tener juego, funcionar.

ring

rang

rung

Tocar, sonar.

rise

rose

risen

Ascender,elevarse,levantarse,

run

ran

run

surgir. Correr, funcionar.

saw

sawed

sawn

Cortar con sierra, aserrar.

say

said

said

Decir, afirmar.

see

saw

seen

Ver, observar.

seek

sought

sought

Buscar, solicitar.

sell

sold

sold

Vender

send

sent

sent

Enviar

set

set

set

Instalar, establecer, colocar,

shake

shook

shaken

fijar. Sacudir, lanzar, agitar.

shed

shed

shed

Derramar, esparcir, dejar

shine

shone

shone

caer. Brillar, relumbrar, sobresalir.

shoot

shot

shot

Disparar, emitir, lanzar.

show

showed

shown

Mostrar, excibir, probar,

shrink

shrank

shrunk

demostar. Encogerse, disminuir,

shut

shut

shut

desaparecer. Cerrar, impedir, excluír.

sing

sang

sung

Cantar

sink

sank

sunk

Hundir, sumergir

sit

sat

sat

Sentarse, reunirse.

sleep

slept

slept

Dormir

slide

slid

slid(den)

Resbalar, deslizarse, escabullirse.

smell

smelt

smelt

Oler, percibir.

speak

spoke

spoken

Hablar, decir.

speed

sped

sped

Acelerar, apresurarse.

spend

spent

spent

Gastar, consumir, emplear

spill

spilt

spilt

(tiempo). Derramar, verter, divulgar.

spin

spun

spun

Tornear, hilar, hacer girar.

split

split

split

Partir, dividir, separar,

spoil

spoilt

spoilt

reventar. Deteriorar, dañar, inutilizar.

spread

spread

spread

Extender, esparcir, propagar.

spring

sprang

sprung

Saltar, soltar, brotar, surgir.

stand

stood

stood

Pararse, tolerar, estar (de

steal

stole

stolen

pié). Robar, escabullirse.

stick

stuck

stuck

Pegar, adherirse, prender,

stink

stank

stunk

fijar. Oler mal, apestar.

strike

struck

struck

Golpear, pegar, estallar.

swell

swelled

swollen

Hinchar, inflamar, engrosar.

swim

swam

swum

Nadar, flotar.

swing

swung

swung

Balancera(se), hacer girar.

take

took

taken

Tomar, llevar.

teach

taught

taught

Enseñar

tear

tore

torn

Romper, despedazar, rasgar.

tell

told

told

Decir, contar, narrar.

think

thought

thought

Pensar, creer.

throw

threw

thrown

Lanzar, tirar, impeler, arrojar.

thrust

thrust

thrust

Introducir con violencia,

undergo

underwent

undergone

empujar, impeler Sufrir, experimentar, pasar por.

understand

understood

understood

Comprender.

undertake

undertook

undertaken

Emprender, comenzar algo.

undo

undid

undone

Desarmar, deshacer.

wake

woke

woke (n)

Despertar, excitar.

wear

Wore

worn

Gastar(se), consumirse, usar.

win

Won

won

Ganar, conquistar.

wind

Wound

wound

Enroscar(se), serpentear,

withdraw

Withdrew

withdrawn

girar. Retirar, retractarse, quitar.

withstand

Withstood

withstood

Resistir, oponerse, soportar.

write

Wrote

written

Escribir.

A. COMPLETAR LAS FRASES

A. COMPLETAR LAS FRASES

Ejemplo:

A. COMPLETAR LAS FRASES Ejemplo:

I didn´t watch TV last night.

1. On Saturday I

(play) computer games with my cousins.

2. My mum

(not cook) dinner last night.

3. I

(walk) to school because there weren´t any buses.

4. They

(not dance) at the party.

5. My brother

(travel) to Ireland last summer.

B. ESCRIBE EL PASADO SIMPLE DE ESTOS VERBOS

1. copy

2. revise

3. cycle

4. listen

5. practice

6. play

7. like

8. move

9. shout

10. start

C. ESCRIBE LAS PREGUNTAS EN EL ORDEN CORRECTO

Ejemplo:

night? / meet / Did / you / them / last / Did you meet them last night?

1. film? / like / you / Did / the /

2. you / many / did / ask? / How / people /

3. a / have / time? / they / Did / good /

4. did / weekend? / the / What / do / we / at /

5. she / DVD? / Where / that / did / buy /

6. party / on / your / go / Saturday? / he / Did / to /

7. did / yesterday? / Who / you / see /

D. CORRIGE LAS FRASES

Who do you met on Saturday morning? X

Who did you meet on Saturday morning?

1. Did he went to school yesterday? X

2. Why did you to go home early? X

3. Where you did learn English? X

4. Did she works today? X

5. What do you this yesterday? X

6. Did they last night phone you? X

E. ¿VERBOS REGULARES (R) O IRREGULARES (I)?

play R

1. fly

2. use

3. study

4. eat

5. make

6. travel

7. see

F. ESCRIBE EL PASADO SIMPLE DE LOS VERBOS DEL

EJERCICIOS E.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

G. COMPLETA LAS FRASES UTILIZANDO EL PASADO SIMPLE

DE LOS VERBOS.

be got up meet have go run drink sleep swim eat

Yesterday I got up early, at about seven o´clock.

1. a shower and some fruit for breakfast.

I

2. Then I

to the sports centre.

3. 500 meters in the swimming pool and then

I

4. 5 kilometers.

I

5. At lunchtime I

6.

We

7. After lunch I

my friends in a café.

some pasta and

for a few hours, I

some juice.

tired!

G. COMPLETA LAS FRASES UTILIZANDO EL PASADO SIMPLE

DE LOS VERBOS.

be got up meet have go run drink sleep swim eat

Yesterday I got up early, at about seven o´clock.

1. a shower and some fruit for breakfast.

I

2. Then I

to the sports centre.

3. 500 meters in the swimming pool and then

I

4. 5 kilometers.

I

5. At lunchtime I

6.

We

7. After lunch I

my friends in a café.

some pasta and

for a few hours, I

some juice.

tired!

H. COMPLETA CON EL VERBO EN PASADO SIMPLE (VERBOS

REGULARES)

1. I opened the door and

(look) inside.

2. Who

3. I

4. I

5.

I

6. The plane

7. We

8. My brother

(close) all the windows?

(carry) my mom´s shopping bag.

(not climb) over the fence.

(rip) my shirt.

(land) ten minutes ago.

(live) in that house when I was a baby.

(not cry) when he fell of his bike.

9. We

10. She

11. We

12. She

(walk) to school yesterday.

(smile) when she saw me.

(hurry) to the station to catch the train.

(laugh) when I told her the joke.

14.

Dad

(not help) me with my homework.

15. Helen

16. Luis Miguel

17. We

18. She

19. The frog

20. Two doctors

21. I

22. Who

23. Dinosaurs

24. It

25. They

(whisper) me a secret.

(hurry) to catch a bus.

(return) our books to the library.

(not kiss) the frog.

(change) into a prince.

(rush) into the room.

(not kick) the ball very hard.

(invent) the computer?

(live) many years ago.

(not snow) last night.

(not work) until twelve last night.

I. PASADO SIMPLE (VERBOS IRREGULARES)

1. I

2. David

(loose) my watch in the park.

(not hurt) his knee.

3. I kicked the ball and it

4. My new shoes

(break) a window.

(not cost) a lot of money.

5. I

(get) this book from the library.

6. We had a garage where we

7.

Ali

(cut) his knee.

(keep) our car.

8. The glass

9. The glass

10. We

11. We

(fall) off the table.

(not break).

(sell) our old car.

(buy) a new car.

13.

We all

(go) into school.

14. The dog

15. The man

16. Our cat

17. Jane

18. I

19. We

20. Yesterday Dad

21. Elizabeth

22. Jack and Jill

23. Her ring

24. I

25. He

(catch) the ball.

(not kneel) down.

(run) onto the road.

(not write) a letter.

(buy) a new camera last week.

(drive) to a safari park yesterday.

(not take) me to the carnival.

(give) Eva a chocolate.

(not go) up the hill.

(cost) ten Euros.

(put) sugar in my coffee.

(not hit) the ball over the net.