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1. Consider f(x) = 2kx2 – 4kx + 1, for k ≠ 0. The equation f(x) = 0 has two equal roots.

(a) Find the value of k.


(5)

(b) The line y = p intersects the graph of f. Find all possible values of p.
(2)
(Total 7 marks)

2. (a) valid approach (M1)


e.g. b 2  4ac,   0,  4k   42k 1
2

correct equation A1
e.g. (–4k)2 – 4(2k)(1) = 0, 16k2 = 8k, 2k2 – k = 0
correct manipulation A1
8  64
e.g. 8k 2k  1,
32
1
k A2 N3 5
2

(b) recognizing vertex is on the x-axis M1


e.g. (1, 0), sketch of parabola opening upward from the x-axis
P0 A1 N1 2
[7]

IB Questionbank Maths SL 1
3. Let f(x) = 8x – 2x2. Part of the graph of f is shown below.

(a) Find the x-intercepts of the graph.


(4)

(b) (i) Write down the equation of the axis of symmetry.

(ii) Find the y-coordinate of the vertex.


(3)
(Total 7 marks)

4. (a) evidence of setting function to zero (M1)


e.g. f(x) = 0, 8x = 2x2
evidence of correct working A1
 8  64
e.g. 0 = 2x(4 – x),
4
x-intercepts are at 4 and 0 (accept (4, 0) and (0, 0), or x = 4, x = 0) A1A1 N1N1

(b) (i) x = 2 (must be equation) A1 N1

IB Questionbank Maths SL 2
(ii) substituting x = 2 into f(x) (M1)
y=8 A1 N2
[7]

5. Let f(x) = p(x – q)(x – r). Part of the graph of f is shown below.

The graph passes through the points (–2, 0), (0, –4) and (4, 0).

(a) Write down the value of q and of r.


(2)

(b) Write down the equation of the axis of symmetry.


(1)

(c) Find the value of p.


(3)
(Total 6 marks)

6. (a) q = –2, r = 4 or q = 4, r = –2 A1A1 N2

(b) x = 1 (must be an equation) A1 N1

IB Questionbank Maths SL 3
(c) substituting (0, –4) into the equation (M1)
e.g. –4 = p(0 – (–2))(0 – 4), –4 = p(–4)(2)
correct working towards solution (A1)
e.g. –4 = –8p
4 1
p =   A1 N2
8  2
[6]

7. Let f(x) = ex+3.

(a) (i) Show that f–1(x) = ln x – 3.

(ii) Write down the domain of f–1.


(3)

1
(b) Solve the equation f–1(x) = ln   .
 x
(4)
(Total 7 marks)

A1 N2
[6]

8. (a) (i) interchanging x and y (seen anywhere) M1


e.g. x = ey+3
correct manipulation A1
e.g. ln x = y + 3, ln y = x + 3
f–1(x) = ln x – 3 AG N0

(ii) x>0 A1 N1

IB Questionbank Maths SL 4
(b) collecting like terms; using laws of logs (A1)(A1)
 
 
1 x
 3, ln x  ln x  3; ln    3, ln x 2  3
e.g. ln x –  x 
ln
1
 
x

simplify (A1)
3
e.g. ln x = , x2 = e3
2
3
x = e 2 ( e 3 ) A1 N2
[7]

9. The quadratic equation kx2 + (k – 3)x + 1 = 0 has two equal real roots.

(a) Find the possible values of k.


(5)

(b) Write down the values of k for which x2 + (k – 3)x + k = 0 has two equal real roots.
(2)
(Total 7 marks)

10. (a) attempt to use discriminant (M1)


correct substitution, (k – 3)2 – 4 × k × 1 (A1)
setting their discriminant equal to zero M1
e.g. (k – 3)2 – 4 × k × 1 = 0, k2 – 10k + 9 = 0
k = 1, k = 9 A1A1 N3

(b) k = 1, k = 9 A2 N2
[7]

IB Questionbank Maths SL 5
11. Let f (x) = 3(x + 1)2 – 12.

(a) Show that f (x) = 3x2 + 6x – 9.


(2)

(b) For the graph of f

(i) write down the coordinates of the vertex;

(ii) write down the equation of the axis of symmetry;

(iii) write down the y-intercept;

(iv) find both x-intercepts.


(8)

(c) Hence sketch the graph of f.


(2)

(d) Let g (x) = x2. The graph of f may be obtained from the graph of g by the two
transformations:

a stretch of scale factor t in the y-direction

followed by

 p
a translation of  .
q

 p
Find   and the value of t.
q
(3)
(Total 15 marks)

12. (a) f (x) = 3(x2 + 2x + 1)  12 A1


= 3x2 + 6x + 3  12 A1
= 3x2 + 6x  9 AG N0

IB Questionbank Maths SL 6
(b) (i) vertex is (1, 12) A1A1 N2
(ii) x = 1 (must be an equation) A1 N1
(iii) (0,  9) A1 N1
(iv) evidence of solving f (x) = 0 (M1)
e.g. factorizing, formula,
correct working A1
 6  36 108
e.g. 3(x + 3)(x  1) = 0, x 
6
(3, 0), (1, 0) A1A1 N1N1

(c)
y

x
–3 1

–9

–12

A1A1 N2
Notes: Award A1 for a parabola opening upward,
A1 for vertex and intercepts in
approximately correct positions.

 p  1 
(d)      , t = 3 (accept p =  1, q = 12, t = 3) A1A1A1 N3
 q    12 
[15]

13. Let f(x) = 2x2 + 4x – 6.

(a) Express f(x) in the form f(x) = 2(x – h)2 + k.


(3)

(b) Write down the equation of the axis of symmetry of the graph of f.
(1)

(c) Express f(x) in the form f(x) = 2(x – p)(x – q).


(2)

IB Questionbank Maths SL 7
(Total 6 marks)

14. (a) evidence of obtaining the vertex (M1)


b
e.g. a graph, x =  , completing the square
2a
f(x) = 2(x + 1)2 – 8 A2 N3

(b) x = –1 (equation must be seen) A1 N1

(c) f(x) = 2(x – 1)(x + 3) A1A1 N2


[6]

15. Let f (x) = x  4 , x  − 4 and g (x) = x2, x  .

(a) Find (g ◦ f ) (3).

(b) Find f −1(x).

(c) Write down the domain of f −1.


(Total 6 marks)

16. (a) METHOD 1


f (3) = 7 (A1)
(g ◦ f) (3) = 7 A1 N2
METHOD 2
2
(g ◦ f) (x) = x4 (= x + 4) (A1)
(g ◦ f) (3) = 7 A1 N2

(b) For interchanging x and y (seen anywhere) (M1)


Evidence of correct manipulation A1
eg x= y  4 , x2  y  4

f 1(x) = x2  4 A1 N2

(c) x0 A1 N1
[6]

IB Questionbank Maths SL 8
17. Let f (x) = x3 − 4 and g (x) = 2x.

(a) Find (g ◦ f ) (−2).

(b) Find f −1 (x).


(Total 6 marks)

18. (a) METHOD 1


For f (2) = 12 (A1)
(g ◦ f) (2) = g (12) = 24 A1 N2
METHOD 2
(g ◦ f) (x) = 2x3 8 (A1)
(g ◦ f) (2) = 24 A1 N2

(b) Interchanging x and y (may be done later) (M1)


x = y3  4 A1
f 1(x) = 3 x  4 A2 N3
[6]

19. Consider the functions f and g where f (x) = 3x – 5 and g (x) = x – 2.

(a) Find the inverse function, f −1.


(3)

(b) Given that g–1 (x) = x + 2, find (g–1 ◦ f) (x).


(2)

x3
(c) Given also that (f −1 ◦ g) (x) , solve (f −1 ◦ g) (x) = (g–1 ◦ f) (x).
3
(2)

f ( x)
Let h (x) = , x  2.
g ( x)

(d) (i) Sketch the graph of h for −3  x  7 and −2  y  8, including any asymptotes.

(ii) Write down the equations of the asymptotes.


(5)

IB Questionbank Maths SL 9
3x  5 1
(e) The expression may also be written as 3 + . Use this to answer the
x 3 x2
following.

(i) Find  h (x) dx.


5
(ii) Hence, calculate the exact value of  3
h (x)dx.
(5)

5
(f) On your sketch, shade the region whose area is represented by  3
h (x)dx.
(1)
(Total 18 marks)

20. (a) METHOD 1


Attempting to interchange x and y (M1)
Correct expression x = 3y  5 (A1)
1 x5
f ( x)  A1 N3
3
METHOD 2
Attempting to solve for x in terms of y (M1)
y5
Correct expression x  (A1)
3
1 x5
f ( x)  A1 N3
3

(b) For correct composition (g1◦ f) (x) = (3x  5) + 2 (A1)


(g1◦ f) (x) = 3x  3 A1 N2

IB Questionbank Maths SL 10
x3
(c)  3x  3 x  3  9 x  9 (A1)
3
12
x A1 N2
8

(d) (i)

y=3

x=2

A1A1A1 N3
Note: Award A1 for approximately correct x
and y intervals, A1 for two branches of
correct shape, A1 for both asymptotes.
(ii) (Vertical asymptote) x = 2, (Horizontal asymptote) y = 3 A1A1 N2
(Must be equations)

(e) (i) 3x + ln (x  2) + C (3x + ln x  2 + C) A1A1 N2


(ii) 3x  ln x  253 (M1)

= (15 + ln 3)  (9 + ln1) A1
= 6 + ln 3 A1 N2

(f) Correct shading (see graph). A1 N1


[18]

IB Questionbank Maths SL 11
5x
21. Let g (x) = 3x – 2, h (x) = , x  4.
x4

(a) Find an expression for (h ◦ g) (x). Simplify your answer.

(b) Solve the equation (h ◦ g) (x) = 0.


(Total 6 marks)

22. (a) Evidence of attempting to form composition (M1)


53x  2
Correct substitution (h ◦ g) (x) = A1
3x  2  4
53x  2  15 x 10   53x  2 
=       A1 N2
3x  6  3x  6   3x  2 

(b) Evidence of using numerator = 0 (M1)


eg 15x  10 = 0 (3x  2 = 0)

x
2
 0.667  A2 N3
3
[6]

IB Questionbank Maths SL 12
1
23. Consider the functions f (x) = 2x and g (x) = , x  3.
x 3

(a) Calculate (f ◦ g) (4).

(b) Find g−1(x).

(c) Write down the domain of g−1.

Working:

Answers:

(a) .....................................................
(b) .....................................................
(c) .....................................................
(Total 6 marks)

24. (a) METHOD 1


(f ◦ g) (4) = f (g (4)) = f (1) (M1)
=2 (A1) (C2)
METHOD 2
2
(f ◦ g) (x) = (M1)
x 3
(f ◦ g) (4) = 2 (A1) (C2)

IB Questionbank Maths SL 13
1
(b) Let y =
x 3

 1
Correct simplification y(x  3) = 1  x  3   (A1)
 y

1  1 3 y 
x 3    (A1)
y  y 
Interchanging x and y (may happen earlier) (M1)
1  1  3x 
y  3   (C3)
x  x 

(c) x0 ( \ {0} etc) (A1) (C1)


[6]

25. The equation x2 – 2kx + 1 = 0 has two distinct real roots. Find the set of all possible values of k.

Working:

Answer:

…………………………………………..
(Total 6 marks)

IB Questionbank Maths SL 14
26. Discriminant ∆ = b2 – 4ac (= (–2k)2 – 4) (A1)
∆>0 (M2)
Note: Award (M1)(M0) for ∆ ≥ 0.
(2k)2 – 4 > 0  4k2 – 4 > 0
EITHER
4k2 > 4 (k2 > 1) (A1)
OR
4(k – 1)(k + 1) > 0 (A1)
OR
(2k – 2)(2k + 2) > 0 (A1)

THEN
k < –1 or k > 1 (A1)(A1) (C6)
Note: Award (A1) for –1 < k <1.
[6]

27. The function f is given by f (x) = x2 – 6x + 13, for x  3.

(a) Write f (x) in the form (x – a)2 + b.

(b) Find the inverse function f –1.

(c) State the domain of f –1.

Working:

Answers:

(a) ..................................................................
(b) ..................................................................
(c) ..................................................................

(Total 6 marks)

28. (a) a = 3, b = 4 (A1)


f (x) = (x – 3)2 + 4 A1 (C2)

IB Questionbank Maths SL 15
(b) y = (x – 3)2 + 4
METHOD 1
x = (y – 3)2 + 4 (M1)
x – 4 = (y – 3)2
x4 = y – 3 (M1)
y= x4 + 3 (A1) 3
METHOD 2
y – 4 = (x – 3)2 (M1)
y4 =x–3 (M1)
y4 +3=x
y= x4 + 3
–1
 f (x) = x4 + 3 (A1) 3

(c) x4 (A1)(C1)


[6]

29. The quadratic equation 4x2 + 4kx + 9 = 0, k > 0 has exactly one solution for x.
Find the value of k.

Working:

Answer:

......................................................................

(Total 4 marks)

IB Questionbank Maths SL 16
30. 4x2 + 4kx + 9 = 0
Only one solution  b2 – 4ac = 0 (M1)
16k2 – 4(4)(9) = 0 (A1)
k2 = 9
k = 3 (A1)
But given k > 0, k = 3 (A1) (C4)
OR
One solution  (4x2 + 4kx + 9) is a perfect square (M1)
4x2 + 4kx + 9 = (2x  3)2 by inspection (A2)
given k > 0, k = 3 (A1) (C4)
[4]

IB Questionbank Maths SL 17