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INVERSE VARIATION

(2nd Quarter, Mathematics 9)


September 19, 2019
Content Standard:
THE LEARNER DEMONSTRATES UNDERSTANDING OF KEY CONCEPTS OF VARIATION AND
RADICALS

Performance Standard
THE LEARNER IS ABLE TO FORMULATE AND SOLVE ACCURATELY PROBLEMS INVOLVING
VARIATION AND RADICALS

Learning Competencies:
SOLVES PROBLEMS INVOLVING VARIATION (M9AL-IIb-c-1)

I. Objectives: At the end of the session learners can be able to


1. state whether two quantities are directly or inversely related.
2. solve problems on inverse variations.
3. discuss how change in one of two inversely related quantities relates to the other.

II. Subject matter: Variations


Topic: Inverse Variation
Reference: LM pgs. , Grade 9 Mathematics (Patterns and Practicalities)
Materials: 12 congruent square cutouts, table of values, pentel pen, illustration board, chalk,
eraser, Powerpoint Presentation

II. Procedure
1. Review: Direct Variation
a. if y varies directly as x, and y = 24 when x = 6, find the value of y when x = 15.
b. give an example of quantities that vary directly.
2. Motivation: THE TORTOISE AND THE HARE (20:10) (Valuing: Time Management)
3. Lesson Proper:
A.1 Activity: Group Activity
1. The class will be divided into groups of 5 members.
2. Each group will be given materials such as, 12 congruent square cutouts, table of values,
pentel pen,
3. Each group will form different rectangles using 12 square cutouts.
4. They will find the dimensions of each rectangle formed.
5. they will record it in the table of values.

A.2 Analysis:
1. What happen to its width as the length of the rectangle increases?
2. What happen to its length as the width of the rectangle increases?
3. How does the change in one of the two quantities related?

A.3 Abstraction: (discussion, powerpoint presentation)


Inverse Variation
Let x and y denote two quantities. y varies inversely as x, or y is inversely proportional to x, if
there is a nonzero constant k such that: y = k/x. the number k is called the constant of variation.

Example 1: Decide whether the two quantities in the situation are directly or inversely related.
explain
a. the side of a square is related to its perimeter.
b. the number of people sharing pizza is related to the size of the slice each person gets.
c. the aged of used car is related to the price the owner can get for it.
d. the time a painter paints a wall is related to the area of the wall painted.
e. the time a candle is used is related to the remaining length of the candle.
Example 2. A car is travelling a distance of 120 kilometers.
a. How long will it take the car to reach its destination if it travels a speed of 20 kph? 40
kph? 60 kph? 80 kph? ans. 6hrs., 3hrs., 2hrs., 1 1/2hrs.
Rate (kph) 20 40 60 80
Time (hr) ½ hr

b. Graph (using desmos)


Example 3: If y varies inversely as x, and y = 1/3 when x = 18, find y when x = 2. ans. y = 3
Example 4. How long would it take a crew of 4 to build a hut, if a crew of 12 can build the same
hut in 8 days. ans. 24 days

Reflect: Name at least two quantities that affect the amount of time you spend studying your
lessons. Decide if each is directly or inversely related to the amount of time you study. Explain

A.4 Application: The class works in group


1. (waste segregation) A group of 5 students can segregate the garbage dump in the backyard
of their school in 7 hours. how long would it take if there are 10 students help in segregating
the garbages?
2. Make a short rap/song on the lessons you learn on today’s discussion.
3. Construct a problem related to the law of conservation that shows inverse variation.
4. With a certain piece of Artwork, how are you going to present today’s knowledge you gain.
5. (Sports) Name at Least two quantities inversely related to the number of points the player
makes in a game. EXPLAIN

IV. Synthesis:
When do you know that the two quantities are inversely related? or directly related?
Why do we need to know inverse variation? How does the concept of inverse variation help us
in our real – life situation? (Valuing: conservation, division of labor)

V. Evaluation:
A. Tell whether the two quantities in the situation are directly or inversely related.
1. The number of days a tank of water lasts is related to the number of people in the
household.
2. The water bill is related to the number of cubic meters of water consumed.
3. The age of an antique furniture is related to the price it can fetch in the market.
4. The number of steps you need to take to walk 20 meters depends on the length of your step.
5. The amount of remaining ink in a pen is related to the number of hours it has been used.

B. Problem Solving
6. The number of days a barrel of water lasts varies inversely as the number of people who
consume it. If a barrel of water lasts 2 days for 5 people, how long will it lasts for 3 people?
7. It takes 2 hours for 6 people to scrub the corridors of a building. how long would it take for 4
people to do the same job?
8. If a bag of dog food will feed 3 dogs for 10 days, how long will it feed for 10 dogs?
9. Five men can build a hut in 6 days. in how many days can 10 men build the same hut?
10. Jillian made the scatter plot below to show the relationship between her typing accuracy
and her typing speed. What statement best describes the relationship shown in the scatter
plot?
Jillian's typing
100
90
80
Accuracy (percent)

70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
Speed (word per minute)

VI. Assignment: Performance Task


Visit an office, shop or store in your locality (e.g bakeshop, barangay hall sari-sari store)
a. Obtain actual data and use these to write
i. a direct variation
ii. an inverse variation problem
b. Identify the related quantities
c. Solve the problems.
submit a hardcopy of the problems and solution to your teacher. Your output and presentation
will be graded using the rubric.
Criteria Best! (5pts) Bette!r (3)pts Good! (1 pt)
Quality of the The 2 problems are Problems are Problems are not
context used realistic, interesting anchored on real life anchored on real life
and challenging but neither and are not
interesting nor interesting.
challenging.
Clarity of the Problems are clearly Problems lack clarity Problems are
problem stated and use and contain confusing and lack
correct terms and grammatical errors. necessary data and/
phrases or conditions.
Accuracy of solution Solutions are Solution have Solutions are
accurate; related minimal errors; incorrect; related
quantities are related quantities are quantities are not
identified identified. identified.
Preparedness and Submits the Problem and solution Not ready with the
punctuality hardcopynof the are not prepared in presentation nor
problems and their advance; submits the hardcopy.
solution on time; hardcopy beyond the
visual aids for deadline
presentation are
ready.
A. Tell whether the two quantities in the situation are directly or inversely related.

1. The number of days a tank of water lasts is related to the number of people in the
household.
2. The water bill is related to the number of cubic meters of water consumed.
3. The age of an antique furniture is related to the price it can fetch in the market.
4. The number of steps you need to take to walk 20 meters depends on the length of your step.
5. The amount of remaining ink in a pen is related to the number of hours it has been used.

B. Problem Solving

6. The number of days a barrel of water lasts varies inversely as the number of people who
consume it. If a barrel of water lasts 2 days for 5 people, how long will it lasts for 3 people?

7. It takes 2 hours for 6 people to scrub the corridors of a building. how long would it take for 4
people to do the same job?

8. If a bag of dog food will feed 3 dogs for 10 days, how long will it feed for 10 dogs?

9. Five men can build a hut in 6 days. in how many days can 10 men build the same hut?

10. Jillian made the scatter plot below to show the relationship between her typing accuracy
and her typing speed. What statement best describes the relationship shown in the scatter
plot?

Jillian's typing
100
90
80
Accuracy (percent)

70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
Speed (word per minute)