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DEFENSIVE AND COMPETITIVE BIDDING LEADS AND SIGNALS WBF CONVENTION CARD

OVERCALLS (Style: Responses: 1 / 2 Level; Reopening) OPENING LEADS STYLE


Style: Light; 1/1 NAT = H4th 12+ HCP possible Lead In Partner’s Suit CATEGORY: BLUE / RED
4m/(2M; 1M-P-3M (=PRE); 2M-P-3M; 3M) = 5OM5m, F1 Suit 3rd (if 3/4), 4th(if 6), 5th(if 5) CT (Lo = odd) if no raise NCBO: Canada
4m/(2m; 1m-P-3m (=PRE); 2m-P-3m; 3m) = 55MM, F1 NT ATT (Lo = ENC) CT (Lo = odd) if no raise PLAYERS: Zygmunt Marciński / Nicolas L’Écuyer (REV -1)
Responses: NS = F1 (not PH); CUE=LIMIT+; 3(M-1) = mixed Subseq CT (may be ATT or S/P) CT (may be ATT or S/P) EVENT: Open
2N (jump)/1M = LIMIT, 4M; other simple jump = fit-showing Other: optional 2nd from ≤9xxx; ATT (Lo = H) in partner’s suit if raised
TRFs after NEG X/1 of our 1M Reopening: Same as above
1NT OVERCALL (2nd/4th Live; Responses; Reopening) LEADS SYSTEM SUMMARY
2nd : 15+-18 HCP, stopper in M; Lead Vs. Suit Vs. NT
Responses: SYSON but CUE =SPL, 3-suited, 5-8; XX/X=PUP[2] Ace AK, AK (asks ATT) AK(x), GENERAL APPROACH AND STYLE
Balancing (4th Live): 1NT=11-14/1m; 11-17/1M; 2NT=18-20 King KQ, AK (asks CT) AKJ/KQT (asks UB/CT) Strong 1 [TRF/coded/3-suited GF responses], 16+ HCP
Responses: SYSON + 2/(1M)=ASK STAY:2Y=MIN; 2N=MED; Queen QJ AQJ, KQ(x), QJ(x) FG relays [1 – 1+; 1 - 2; 1M - 2] for pattern & size,
3m=NAT, MAX; 3oM=4, MAX; 3CUE=5oM, MAX; 3N=other MAX then spiral-asking or KCB; 4/4 = PUP[+1], usually sign-off
Jack KJT(x), JT(x) AJT(x), KJT(x), JT(x) Some Support Asks [only by 1 Opener]
JUMP OVERCALLS (Style; Responses; Unusual NT) 10 HT9(x), T9(x) HT9(x), T9(x) 1 = 0+’s, < 17HCP; 5-card M (forcing 1NT/1)
PRE; 2NT/1m = 55om; 2N/1M = 55mm; 3/1 = 55; 9 H98(x), J98(x), 98(x), 9x H98(x), J98(x), 98(x), 9x 1NT = 14-16; 10-12 in 1st/2nd NV vs. VUL; 15-17 if VUL vs. NV
3/1(0/1+) = 55MM; differences if VUL v. NV Hi-X Xx, xXxx, Xxx (if raised suit) Xx, xXxx, Xxx/xXx = Singleton H, 5M(332), 5m(422) common
4m/2M=5m5OM; 4M/2M=55mm, good Lo-X xxX xxxxX 2m=6+m,10-16HCP; 2M=5-7M<11HCP [differs @ NV vs VUL]
Reopening: As in direct, but Jump = 11-15, 6+ suit SIGNALS IN ORDER OF PRIORITY Many TRFs in COMP
DIRECT & JUMP CUES (Style; Response; Reopen) Partner’s Lead Declarer’s Lead Discarding SPECIAL BIDS THAT MAY REQUIRE DEFENSE
2m/1m(2+) = 55MM; 2/1(4+) = 55m; 2/1 = 55 Suit: 1st ATT (Lo = ENC) CT (Lo = EVEN) ATT (Lo = ENC) 1. Opening bids: 1 = 16+, ART, F1; 1 = 0+, 10-16HCP,
ART, NF; 2 (only 1/2 @ NV vs. VUL) = 10-16HCP, 6+/,
ART, NF; 2 (only 1/2 @ NV vs. VUL) = < 11HCP, 6+/,
ART, NF; 2M (only 1/2 @ NV vs. VUL) = < 11HCP, 5M & 4+m,
NF; 2NT = 55mm, < 12HCP; 3NT (only 1/2) = solid 7/8m+A/K
3m/1m = NAT, WK; 3M/1M = S-SOL+, ASK for M stopper 2nd CT (Lo = EVEN) S/P CT (Lo = EVEN) 2. ART responses to 1: 1+ = GF
3m/2m = 55MM; 4m/3m = 55MM 3rd S/P S/P S/P 3. ART responses (not PH) to 1 opening: 1M, 2+
NT: 1st ATT (Lo = ENC) ATT lead (Lo=ENC) ATT (Lo = ENC) 4. 2 FG (R) response to 1/1M opening
VS. NT (vs. Strong/Weak; Re-opening; PH) 2nd CT (Lo = EVEN) CT (Lo = EVEN) CT (Lo = EVEN) 5. 1-2 (not PH) = F1, xx55 INV+
X = penalty/14+ [F thru 2]; (but PH: 4M 5+m) 3rd S/P S/P S/P 6. 1-2 (not PH) = F1, 5+, (A) 5+ INV+; (B) 6+ < INV
2=4+4+MM: 2=ASK longer M (2/2 = CONST); 2N=F1; Signals (incl. Trumps): U/D CT & ATT; S/P (Lo = low); S/P in trumps; 7. 1M-2(M-1) = F1, (A) 3M, < 9HCP / LIM; (B) INV, <3M
3/=CONST+ raise (/); 3M=mixed raise ALL PRIORITIES ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE BY CIRCUMSTANCES 1M – 2NT = F1, 4M, 8+
2/=5+/(but PH: 2= 5M4+’s; 2=54+): 2N=F1 Often in 5(+) known suit, Middle = ENC; Hi & Lo = S/P 8. 2-suited overcalls: 3/1 = +; 2/1m(2+) = 55MM
2 = 45+m: 2N=F1; 3=P/C; 3=LIM raise (M) Remainder (not original) CT; Reverse Smith vs. NT (Lo = ENC) 9. COMP TRFs & coded jumps: X+/1; 1M/1; 2m/1;
2NT = 45+m: 3=P/C; 3=LIM raise (M) DOUBLES 2/1; 3m/1; X/1M; Overcall/1M
Reopening: same Passed hand: 2=54+; 2N=56+m 10. ART raises: 1-under often mixed; 2N often M INV+; SPL
VS. PREEMPTS (X; CUE; Jumps; NT Bids) TAKEOUT X (Style; Responses; Reopening) 11. P/C bids: when partner has 2 possible hand types
X=T/O → 4, /4+=cards; LEB 2N (not by PH) after our T/O X Style: Light, usually shape-orient (SUPP for unbid m/ suspect); more 12. 2NT opening bid = 5+5+mm, < 12 HCP, usually CONST
NT=NAT w/ Stayman & TRFs card-showing /FAV (0-2)+ 1m opening bids, esp. strong 1 Responses: 13. Defences to artificial opening bids: see [H1-H3]
CUE/2M=asks STOP; CUE/3m=55MM; CUE/3M=55mm, good NS/JS = NAT, NF; CUE = F1; LEB over X of NAT 2M opening (not by PH)
VS. ARTIFICIAL STRONG OPENINGS- i.e. 1 or 2 SPECIAL, ARTIFICIAL & COMPETITIVE X/XX SPECIAL FORCING PASS SEQUENCES
1: DBL = good hand; 1NT = mm’s; 2 = MM’s; 2N = + SUPP X/XX thru 2 after 1/1 opening 1-(5any); 1-(P)-1+-(any); 1/1M- (P)-2 GF relay –
(any); (1NT)-X and (1NT)-P-(P)-X penalty X, FP →2
1 - P - 1: DBL = good hand; 1NT = mm’s; 2 = MM’s X of 3+Qbid in 5+ suit = “don’t lead it”; 1M-(P)-1N-(2m/OM)-X = T/O
2: X=/MM; 2=/+; 2=/mm; 2=/+; NEG X thru 4; 1- (1) - X = 4/5; 1 = NT INV IMPORTANT NOTES
2NT=+/+; 3+ = NAT G/T X if no room; card-showing X/XX; X/SPL=save?(FAV) or L/D (Lo)
OVER OPPONENTS’ TAKEOUT DOUBLE X of Qbid in partner’s 5+ suit = Q/m,  K/M Psychics: Rare – (i) 1-P-1; (ii) 1M-P-2(M-1) @ FAV; (iii)
SYSON /1m; TRFs /1M, 2(M-1)=WK/LIM, 2M=CONST Pass/X Inversion in high-level FG (usually after 1 or 1X-2=FG REL) light 3rd seat opening; (iv) 1NT open/overcall in 3rd seat
TRF/2M; TRF/3any 1-( 4)-X = FG, P = NF; 1-(4+) and 1-(P)-1-(4+)-P = F, X=T/O
NEG.DBL THRU
MIN. NO. OF
ARTIFICIAL
TICK IF
OPENING

CARDS
SUBSEQUENT PASSED HAND
DESCRIPTION RESPONSES COMPETITIVE BIDDING
ACTION BIDDING

1 X 0 4 16+ HCP, ART, F1. All HCP’s All ART. 1=any 0-7; 4+ = 2-under TFR, 8+ [See F1] Same [See D1]
can be adjusted in any situation suit, 0-7; Others=FG, [See C1]

1 X 0 4 10-16 HCP, NF [See C2] [See F2], T-xyz NAT [See D2]

1M 5 4 9+-16 HCP, 4M (?) in 3/4 [See C3] [See F3], xyz [See F4] [See D3]

1NT 4 14-16; 10-12 NV v. VUL; 15- [See C4] [See F5] Same [See D4]
17 VUL v. NV; off-shapes:
1’n H/5M(332)/5m(422)/6m
2m 6m’s 4 10-16 HCP, 5m possible in 3rd 2=(R),GF+; 3m=INV; 3M=6M, INV;[See C5, C7] [See F6, F7] 2=ART, F1; 2M=5M NF [See D5 and D7]

2 (1/2 X 6/6 4 10-16 HCP 2=(R), GF+;2M=4+M’s,INV; 2N/4N=asks 6+m; [See F8] N/A [See D6]
@ FAV) 3m=P/C, INV; 3M=6M INV; 4m=P/C [See C6]

2(1/2 X 6/6 N/A < 11 HCP, NF 2/3M=P/C; 2NT=asks; 3m=F1; 4=“pls xfer to [See F9] N/A X = P/C; XX = TFR to next
@ FAV) 6M”; 4=“pls bid 6M”; 4NT=Blackwood [See C8] suit; 2NT = ask; 3M = P/C

2M 5 NO < 11 HCP (could be stronger 2NT=ASK; 3M=PRE; 3/2=INV; 2/3m = F1 [See F10] NS=L/D;3M=PRE XX=PUP;X=PEN;NS=F1;2N=A
in 3rd/4th), usually 6M (but 3/2=’s and 3/2=’s) SK

2M (1/2 5 NO < 11 HCP, 5M & 4+m, NF 2NT=ASK; 3/4/5=P/C;3=INV[M’s], ART, F1; [See F11] NS=L/D;3=PRE XX=PUP;X=PEN;NS=F1;2N=A
@ FAV) 3M=PRE; 2/2=NAT, NF; 3/2=NAT, NF; SK
4oM = T/P
2NT ART NO 55mm, <12 HCP, good mm’s 3m/3NT/4m/4M/5m=NF; 3=ASK; 3=’s, F1 [See F12] Same X/XX=PEN

3 6 NO < 11 HCP, usually 7 3 asks 3M; 4=RKCB(mod.); 4NT=ASK(Aces) X/XX = PEN


3 6 NO < 11 HCP, usually 7 4=RKCB (mod.); 4NT=ASK (Aces); Other = NAT X/XX = PEN
3 6 NO < 11 HCP, usually 7 4=RKCB (mod.); 4NT=ASK (Aces); Other = NAT X/XX = PEN
3 6 NO < 11 HCP, usually 7 4=RKCB (mod.); 4=pick M; 4NT=ASK (Aces) X/XX = PEN

3NT NO SOL 7/8m + A/K (K if 8m) 4=P/C; 4=ASK; 4M=NAT; 4NT=INV; 5m=P/C [See F13] X/XX = PEN

4 7 NO < 11HCP usually 8/7 (4xx) 4=asks longer M/1KC; 4NT=asks 2KC; other=N X=extra offence or Lightner
4 7 NO < 11HCP usually 8/7(4xx) 4NT = KCB; Other = NAT X=extra offence or Lightner
4 7 NO < 11HCP usually 8/7 (4xx) 4NT = KCB; 5m = asks control; 5 = WK X=extra offence or Lightner
4 7 NO < 11HCP usually 8/7(4xx) 4NT = KCB; 5m/5 = asks control; 5 = WK X=extra offence or Lightner
4NT ART NO Better than 5m, / 5 = P/C HIGH LEVEL BIDDING
5 8 NO Worse than 4NT 5 = KCB RKCB (14, 03). 4m often RKCB for m or om; Modified if Responder = WK
5 8 NO Worse than 4NT 5 = KCB 4NT–(X):P=14; XX=03;5=2 no Q//4N–(→5):P=14;X=03; next=2 no Q; etc
5 4NT – (5+): P =0/2/4; X = 1/3/5; Excl. RKCB; some RKC’s are size-asking
5 CUE = 1st/2nd round; Last Train; 5NT = pick (but can be RKCB if 4N by-
passed)
In FG relays: (i) spiral “denial” CUE; (ii) RKCB in any suit
WBF CONVENTION CARD

NCBO: CANADA
PLAYERS: Zygmunt Marciński / Nicolas L’Écuyer

SUPPLEMENTARY SHEETS

TABLE OF CONTENTS
C) Bids that may require a defence
C1: FG responses to 1……………………………………………………………………… 2
C2: Responses (not by PH) after we open 1……………………………………… 2
C3: Responses (not by PH) after we open 1M……………………………………… 3
C4: Responses (not by PH) after we open 1NT…………………………………….. 4
C5: Responses after we open 2 (other than NV vs. VUL in 1st/2nd)……... 5
C6: Responses after we open 2 (only NV vs. VUL in 1st/2nd).…………….... 5
C7: Responses after we open 2(other than NV vs. VUL in 1st/2nd)…….... 5
C8: Responses after we open 2(only NV vs. VUL in 1st/2nd)……………...... 5
D) Defensive and competitive bidding
D1: Salient competitive bidding after we open 1………………………………. 6
D2: Salient competitive bidding by RESP after we open 1…………………. 7
D3: Salient competitive bidding by RESP after we open 1M…………………. 11
D4: Salient competitive bidding by RESP after we open 1NT……………….. 12
D5: Salient competitive bidding by RESP after we open 2………………… 14
D6: Salient competitive bidding by RESP after we open 2………………… 15
F) Back of card
F1: Salient subsequent actions by 1 Opener……………………………………… 17
F2: Salient subsequent actions by 1 Opener……………………………………… 20
F3: Salient subsequent actions by 1M Opener……………………………………… 23
F4: Salient passed hand bidding after we open 1M……………………………… 25
F5: Salient subsequent actions after we open 1NT………………………………. 25
F6: Salient subs. actions after we open 2 (not NV vs. VUL in 1st/2nd)….. 27
F7: Salient subs. actions after we open 2 (only NV vs. VUL in 1st/2nd)... 27
F8: Salient subs. actions after we open 2(not NV vs. VUL in 1st/2nd)…... 28
F9: Salient subs. actions after we open 2(only NV vs. VUL in 1st/2nd)…. 29
F10: Salient subs. actions after 2M (not FAV 1st/2nd)–2NT = INV+, ASK… 29
F11: Salient subs. actions after 2M (only FAV 1st/2nd)–2NT = INV+, ASK.. 30
F12: Salient subsequent actions after 2NT – 3 = GF+, ASK…………………. 30
F13: Salient subsequent actions after 3NT – 4 = GF+, ASK…………………. 31
H) Defense to certain Artificial Openings
H1: 2 = 5+’s weak or some strong…………………………………………………… 31
H2: 2 = 5+M weak (even if no strong hand)……………………………………….. 32
H3: 2/2NT = 55 mm weak………………………………………………………………… 32

NCBO: CANADA PLAYERS: Zygmunt Marciński / Nicolas L’Écuyer


-2-

[C1]: FG responses to 1

1 = (A) any 5+


(B) any BAL (may have 5(332)), either 8-10 or 14+
1 = (A) any 5+ (other than 5(332) either 8-10 or 14+))
(B) any UNBAL (4441) or 5m(431) or 55mm, either 8-10 or 14+
1NT = BAL (no 5M), 11-13
2 = (A) any 6+
(B) 64any, 8-10 or 14+
2 = any 6+, other than 64any, 8-10 or 14+
2 = 0/1 ‘s, 11-13: 31(45)/41(35)/40(45)/4144
2 = 0/1 ’s, 11-13: 13(45)/14(35)/04(45)/1444
2NT = 0/1 ‘s, 11-13: (34)15/4405/4414
3 = 0/1 ’s, 5, 11-13 HCP: (34)51/4450
3 = 4441, 11-13 HCP
3 = 0/1 ‘s, 11-13 HCP, 5+5+mm
3 = 1, 11-13 HCP, 55mm
3NT = 0, 11-13 HCP, 55mm
4 = 7+’s, 3-7 HCP
4 = 7+’s, 3-7 HCP
4 = 8+’s, 3-7 HCP
4 = 8+’s, 3-7 HCP

[C2]: Responses (not by PH) after we open 1

1 = 4+, may have longer ’s, F1


1 = 4+, denies 4+’s, F1
1NT = NAT, denies 4M (but may have one), NF
2 = ART, (R), FG
2 = F1
(A) 4+5+, < INV (usually 4-9 HCP)
(B) BAL (usually no 4M) but anti-positional, INV
(C) 22(45)/31(45), INV
2 = F1, INV (usually 9-12 HCP)
(A) 6+ (usually < 4)
(B) 6+
2 = F1, 6+ (usually no 4M)
(A) PRE
(B) INV
2NT = NF, BAL (usually no 4M), INV
3 = NF, INV, SPL[]: 13(54)/1255/0355
3 = NF, INV, SPL[] 55mm

NCBO: CANADA PLAYERS: Zygmunt Marciński / Nicolas L’Écuyer (REV – 1)


-3-

3 = NF, GF+, 5+5+mm


3 = F1, SOL m + no other A/K
3NT = PRE, at least (65) m’s
4m = PRE, NAT
4M = NF, NAT

[C3]: Responses (not by PH) after we open 1M

1/1 = 4+, F1
1NT = NF/1
F1/1
2 = (R), FG+
2/1 = F1, 5+
(A) WK, 6+
(B) INV, 5+
(C) FG+, 6+
2(M-1) = F1
(A) WK raise to 2M, usually 3M + < 9HCP
(B) LIM raise, 3M + 11-12 HCP
(C) INV, w/o (i) 3M, (ii) 4oM, (iii) good 6+m, (iv) 55mm/1
2M = NF, constructive raise, usually 3M + 8-10 HCP
2/1 = F1, 55mm, INV+
2NT = F1, 4+M, 8+ HCP
3m = NF, good 6+ m, INV
3oM = F1
(A) SOL 7+m, no side A/K
(B) 4+M, SPL[], FG+
3M = PRE
3NT = FG+, 4+M, SPL[]
4 = FG+, 4+M, SPL[oM]
4 = F[4M], 4+M, 1 defensive trick
4oM = NAT, to play
4M = 3+M, NF, 0/2+ defensive tricks
4NT = RKCB

NCBO: CANADA PLAYERS: Zygmunt Marciński / Nicolas L’Écuyer (REV – 1)


-4-

[C4]: Responses (not by PH) after we open 1NT

2 = STAY
(A) promises at least one 4+M
(B) may be INV with only 5
2 = TRF[]
2 = TRF[]
2 = ART, F[2N]
(A) INV (may have 4M/M’s)
(B) 6+ any strength
(C) MIN QUANT w/o 4M
2NT = ART, F[3]
(A) WK 55mm
(B) 6+ any strength
3 = ART, GF+, STAY asking for 5M
3 = ART, GF+, 55mm
3 = 13(45)/0355, GF+
3 = 31(45)/3055, GF+
3NT = to play
4 = TRF[]
4 = TRF[]
4M = to play
4NT = MAX QUANT, 22(54)
5m = to play

[C5]: Responses after we open 2 (other than NV vs. VUL in 1st/2nd)

2 = ART, 4+, F1, INV+


2 = (R), FG+
2 = 4+, F1, INV+
2NT = F1, INV+
(A) SUPP[], < INV
(B) 6+, GF+
(C) SPL[any] SUPP[], GF+
3 = NF, CONST SUPP[], INV
3 = ART, F[3M], 55 MM, INV+
3M = 6+ M, INV, NF
3NT = to play
4 = PRE[], NF
4 = KCB[]
4M = to play, ambiguous strength
5 = to play, ambiguous strength

NCBO: CANADA PLAYERS: Zygmunt Marciński / Nicolas L’Écuyer (REV – 1)


-5-

[C6]: Responses after we open 2 (only NV vs. VUL in 1st/2nd)

2 = (R), FG+
2 = ART, 4+, F1, INV+
2 = 4+, F1, INV+
2NT = F1, requests Opener to bid his 6+m
3m = NF but P/C to Opener’s 6+m, CONST SUPP[m], INV
3M = 6+ M, INV, NF
3NT = to play
4m = PRE[m], NF but P/C to Opener’s 6+m
4M = to play, ambiguous strength
5m = NF but P/C to Opener’s 6+m, ambiguous strength

[C7]: Responses after we open 2 (other than NV vs. VUL in 1st/2nd)

2 = (R), FG+
2 = 4+, F1, INV+
2NT = 4+, F1, INV+
3 = ART, F[3M], 45+, INV
3 = NF, INV SUPP[]
3M = 6+ M, INV, NF
3NT = to play
4 = KCB[], NF
4 = PRE[]
4M = to play, ambiguous strength
5 = to play, ambiguous strength

[C8]: Responses after we open 2 (only NV vs. VUL in 1st/2nd)

2M = P/C to Opener’s 6+M


2NT = F1, ask
3m = 5+m, F1, INV+
3M = P/C to Opener’s 6+M
3NT = to play
4 = requests Opener to transfer to his 6+M
4 = requests Opener to bid his 6+M
4M = to play
4NT = Blackwood

NCBO: CANADA PLAYERS: Zygmunt Marciński / Nicolas L’Écuyer (REV – 1)


-6-

[D1]: Salient competitive bidding after we open 1

After 1 - (X or any coded with no known 1-suiter)

Pass = 0-7 HCP


X/XX = FG, no 5+ biddable suit
1st 4 suit bids = FG, generally TFR to 5+ suit (biddable if m)
Exceptions to TFR:
(A) you bid ’s:  = NAT; m = om
(B) you bid ’s: M = oM; ;  = ’s
Jump to 2 = F[3], 5-7, KQ/AQ/AK 6th any suit
Jump to 3 = FG, 5-7, KQ/AQ/AK 6th any suit
3/2 = FG, 5-7, KQ/AQ/AK 6th any suit
Next 3 suit < 3NT = FG, 5+ in “most expensive” suit, 4+ side suit
(ART: LO, MID, HI)
Higher suits < 3NT = TFR, 7-card suit, 0-7/11+
Simple NT = 55 MM, FG, 8-10/14+
Single jump NT = 55 MM, FG, 11-13

After 1 - (any NAT, or TRF, or coded that includes a known 1-suiter (if
alternatives include a given 1-suiter, then we assume that))

Pass = (A) 0-7


(B) trap pass
X = FG+, no 5+ biddable suit
1st 3 suit bids = generally TFR to 5+ suit (biddable if m)
Exceptions to TFR:
(A) you bid ’s:  = NAT; m = om
(B) you bid ’s: M = oM;  = ’s
2/any < 2 = F[3], 5-7, KQ/AQ/AK 6th any suit
3/any > 2 = Same
4th suit (incl. CUE) = FG+, 55 suits of other rank vis-à-vis “known” suit
Cheapest NT = FG+,  1.75 stop in “known” 1-suiter, no 6+ suit,
not necessarily BAL
If jump to 2NT/3NT available then 8-10/14+
Jump to 2NT/3NT = as Cheapest NT but 11-13
Next 2 suits < 3NT = FG+, 5+ [highest suit] & 4+ suit (TFR’s possible)
JUMP CUE / < 2 = FG+, 4441/5m440, shortness in “known” suit
Further suits < 3NT = TFR, F[+1], 7-card suit, 0-7/11+

After 1 - (1NT/2NT/3NT)

Pass = 0-7 HCP


X = FG+, inability to TFR
2/1NT = F[3any], 5-7, KQ/AQ/AK 6th any suit

NCBO: CANADA PLAYERS: Zygmunt Marciński / Nicolas L’Écuyer (REV – 1)


-7-

3/1NT = FG+, 5+ biddable ’s


Simple suit = TFR to 5+ suit (biddable if m), FG
2/3 NT = 55 MM, INV+, F1
Any jump suit = FG+, 5+ biddable ’s, TFR to 4+ side suit

After 1 - (ANY) – Pass – (ANY) & 1 - (PASS) - 1 - (ANY)

1 Opener’s actions are identical to his action if (ANY) were opened by RHO

[D2]: Salient competitive bidding by RESP after we open 1

After 1 - (X)

XX = penalty interest, good defense in at least 2 suits


1M = as if no X
1NT = as if no X, but not lower range
2Y = 6+(Y+1)’s, ambiguous as to strength
2NT = 7’s, WK, F[3]
3 = (54+) mm, INV, NF
3Y = 7Y’s, WK, NF

After 1 - (1M)

X = NEG, 4/5 oM
1 = F1, < 4’s, either
(A) COMP+, usually BAL and < 1 stopper(s) in ’s
(B) INV, usually BAL, stopper(s) in ’s (i.e. “standard” 2NT)
1NT = NAT, NF
2 = F1, 5+, light INV+
2 = F1, 5+oM, light INV+
2 = F1, INV+, (54)/55 mm
2 = F1, 5+, light INV+
2NT = NF, INV+, 5oM + 5m
3 = F1, INV+, 4oM + 6
3 = F[3NT/4], INV+, 4oM + 6
3 = ART, FG, request to bid 3NT
3 = SOL m, no side A/K
3NT = to play
4m = WK, NF
4oM = to play

NCBO: CANADA PLAYERS: Zygmunt Marciński / Nicolas L’Écuyer (REV – 1)


-8-

After 1 - (1NT)

X = PEN, even by a passed hand

If by unpassed hand:

2 = NF, (54)+ MM, light


2 = F1, 6+M
2M = NF, 5M and 4+m
2NT = GF, 55 any
3any = NAT, WK

If by passed hand = as if you opened 1NT:

2 = NF, (54)+ MM
2 = 5M and 4+’s
2M = NF, 5M’s and 4+m
2NT = 56m, F1
3m = 56m, NF

After 1 - (2)

X = NEG, 0/2 places to play


2 = F1, 5+, light INV+
2 = F1, 5+, light INV+
2 = F1, 5+, light INV+
2NT = NAT, INV, NF
3 = 55, INV+, F1
3 = 55MM, INV+, F1
3 = 55, INV+, F1
3 = SOL , no side A/K
3NT = to play
4 = 46, INV, GF+
4 = 45, INV, GF+
4M = to play
5 = to play

NCBO: CANADA PLAYERS: Zygmunt Marciński / Nicolas L’Écuyer (REV – 1)


-9-

After 1 - (2 NAT)

X = NEG, 0/2 places to play


2 = F1, 5+, light INV+
2 = F1, 5+, INV+
2NT = NAT, INV, NF
3 = 5+, INV+, F1
3 = 5MM, INV+, F1
3 = 55, INV, NF
3 = 55, INV, NF
3NT = to play
4 = 55, INV, GF+
4 = 55, INV, GF+
4M = to play
5 = to play

After 1 - (2 NAT)

X = NEG, 0/2 places to play


2 = F1, 5+, INV+
2NT = NAT, INV, NF
3m = F1, 5+m, INV+
3 = 55mm, FG+
3 = SOL m
3NT = to play
4m = 55m, FG+
4 = to play

After 1 - (2 NAT)

X = NEG, 0/2 places to play


2NT = NAT, INV, NF
3 = F1, 5+, light INV+
3 = F1, 5+, light INV+
3 = F1, 5+
3 = 55mm, FG+
3NT = to play
4m = 55m, FG+
4 = to play

NCBO: CANADA PLAYERS: Zygmunt Marciński / Nicolas L’Écuyer (REV – 1)


- 10 -

After 1 - (3 NAT)

X = NEG, 0/2 places to play


3 = F1, 5+, light INV+
3 = F1, 5+, light INV+
3 = F1, 5+
3NT = to play
4 = 55MM, FG+
4 = 6+M, FG+
4M = 5M5, NF
4NT = QUANT

After 1 - (3 NAT)

X = NEG, 0/2 places to play


3 = F1, 5+, light INV+
3 = F1, 5+, FG +
3NT = to play
4 = 55MM, FG+
4 = 6+M, FG+
4M = 5M5, NF
4NT = QUANT
5 = NAT, NF

After 1 - (3 NAT)

X = NEG, 0/2 places to play


3 = F1, 5+, FG+
3NT = NAT, NF
4m = 55m, FG+
4 = 55mm, FG+
4 = to play
4NT = QUANT
5m = NAT, NF

After 1 - (3 NAT)

X = NEG, 0/2 places to play


3NT = NAT, NF
4m = 55m, FG+
4 = NAT, NF
4 = 55mm, FG+
4N = QUANT
5m = NAT, NF

NCBO: CANADA PLAYERS: Zygmunt Marciński / Nicolas L’Écuyer (REV – 1)


- 11 -

[D3]: Salient competitive bidding by RESP after we open 1M

After 1M – (X)

XX = 9+, penalty interest


1 = TRF[NT], usually < 3M, constructive or better
1NT/1 = either (A) 5+ or (B) 5+, F[2]
1NT/1 = 5+, F[2]
2 = 5+
2/1 = 5+
2(M-1) = 3+M, WK or LIM, F[2M]
2M = 3+M, CONST, NF
2NT = 4+M, LIM+, F[3M]
3(M-1) = 4+M, CONST, F[3M]
2/3/3 = 4+M & 4+/m, LIM+, F[3M]
3M = PRE, NF

After suit overcall

X = NEG
1/2/3NT = NAT
2M = NAT, NF (after X, constructive)
NS = 5+ oNS, CONST +, F1
CUE = LIM+
3(M-1) = 4+M, CONST, F[3M]
3M = PRE, NF
2/3/3 = 4+M & 4+/m, LIM+, F[3M]

***************

After either 1M – (3) and 1M – (3oM)

3oM = NAT, GF
3M = SUPP, NF
3NT = to play
4 = ART, slam try in M
4/(3) or (3) = GF+, ’s
4/(3) = GF+, (A) any ’s or (B) ’s playable in ’s
4M = NAT, NF
4oM if CUE = GF+, ’s not playable in M’s
4oM if not CUE = to play

NCBO: CANADA PLAYERS: Zygmunt Marciński / Nicolas L’Écuyer (REV – 1)


- 12 -

After 1M – (1NT = NAT)

X = 9+, penalty interest


2m = 5oM and 4+m, NF
2M = SUPP, NF
2oM = 6+oM, NF
2NT = LIM+
3 = WK, NF
3/1 = WK, NF
3(M-1) = 4+M, CONST, F[3M]
3M = PRE, NF

[D4]: Salient competitive bidding by RESP after we open 1NT

After X = PEN/”cards”

XX = PUP[2]
Other = as if RHO had passed

After X = ART

XX = “cards”, balance of power, INV+


Other = as if RHO had passed

After 2 = MM’s

X = PEN interest
2 = NAT
2 = 44/(54)/55 mm, COMP+
2 = 6+’s, INV+
2NT = 6+, WK/GF
3 = 6+, WK/GF
3 = 6+, INV
3M = GF, SPL[M], (54)/55 mm

After any other 2 = ART/NAT

X = STAY
Other = as if RHO had passed

NCBO: CANADA PLAYERS: Zygmunt Marciński / Nicolas L’Écuyer (REV – 1)


- 13 -

After 2 = either M

P = ambiguous strength (so forcing if LHO passes 2)


subsequent
X/(2M) = T/O but < GF
any/(2M) = SYSON, as if RHO had bid 2M directly
X = INV+ values, if only INV denies T/O[M]
subsequent X’s are PEN, 2NT = NF but INV
2M = NAT, NF
2NT = 6+m, WK
3any = TRF, 6+, INV+
3NT = to play
4any = SYSON

After any bid (> 2) showing 4+’s only

X = “cards”, F[2NT]
2M = NAT, NF
2NT = ART, F1, either
(A) WK, either ’s or M that could not be bid; or
(B) INV+, 5+’s
3 = ART, INV+, 55 MM
3 = ART, INV+, 5+
3 = ART, INV+, 5+
3 = (4441)/(4450), SPL[], GF+
3NT = to play
4any = SYSON

After any bid (> 2) showing 4+’s only

X = “cards”, F[2NT]
2M = NAT, NF
2NT = ART, F1, either
(A) WK, either ’s or M that could not be bid; or
(B) INV+, 5+’s
3 = ART, INV+, 55 MM
3 = ART, INV+, 5+
3 = ART, INV+, 5+
3 = (4441)/(4450), SPL[], GF+
3NT = to play
4any = SYSON

NCBO: CANADA PLAYERS: Zygmunt Marciński / Nicolas L’Écuyer (REV – 1)


- 14 -

After any bid showing one known 4+ M

X = “cards”, F[2NT]
2/2M= NAT, NF
2NT = either (i) to play in 3 of lower-ranking suit or (ii) INV+, 5+
3 = ART, INV+, 5+
3 = ART, INV+, 5+OM
3M = (4441)/(4450), SPL[M], GF+
3OM = 55m’s GF+
3NT = To Play
4m = GF, 5oM5m

[D5]: Salient competitive bidding after we open 2 (other than 1st/2nd NV vs. VUL)

After T/O X

Pass = then X for unilateral PEN


XX = PEN interest, cooperative
2/2 = TRF
2 = F[2N]
(A) LIM+[]
(B) any GF w/o SPL in SUPP[]
2NT = F1, INV+
(A) CONST SUPP[], INV
(B) 6+, GF+
3 = WK SUPP[m], NF
3/M = SPL[/M] + SUPP[]
3NT = to play
4 = PRE
4 = KCB[]
4M = to play, ambiguous strength
5 = to play, ambiguous strength

NCBO: CANADA PLAYERS: Zygmunt Marciński / Nicolas L’Écuyer (REV – 1)


- 15 -

After NAT suit overcall

X = NEG
NT = NAT
CUE[M] = LIM+
CUE[] = 55 MM INV+ or slam try[]
3 = COMP, NF
3M jump = SPL[M] + SUPP[]
4/3M = COMP, NF
4 jump = PRE[], NF
4 (not CUE) = KCB[]
4 in unbid M = to play, ambiguous strength
Jump CUE[M] = SPL[M]
5 = NAT, ambiguous strength

***************

After 2 - (2) / 2 - (3) / 2 - (3)

2/3 = TRF[], F1
2/3 = 5+, F1/GF

After 2 – (2/3)

3/4 = 5+, F1/GF


3/4 = 5+, F1/GF

[D6]: Salient competitive bidding after we open 2 (other than 1st/2nd NV vs. VUL)

After T/O X

Pass = then X for unilateral PEN


XX = PEN interest, cooperative
2 = TRF[], 5+, F[2]
2 = ART, 5+, F[2NT]
2NT = NAT, INV+, some  fit, F[3]
3 = CONST SUPP[], INV+
3 = WK SUPP[], NF
3M = SPL[M] + SUPP[]
3NT = to play
4 = KCB[]
4 = PRE, NF
4M = to play, ambiguous strength
5 = to play, ambiguous strength

NCBO: CANADA PLAYERS: Zygmunt Marciński / Nicolas L’Écuyer (REV – 1)


- 16 -

After NAT suit overcall

X = NEG
NT = NAT
NS < G = 5+ oNS, F[lower 3/oNS]
CUE[3M/2M] = LIM+
CUE[4/3] = 55 MM GF+ or slam try[]
3 = COMP, NF
3 jump = SPL[M] + SUPP[]
4/3M = COMP, NF
4 jump = PRE[], NF
4 (not CUE) = KCB[]
4 in unbid M = to play, ambiguous strength
Jump CUE[M] = SPL[M]
5 = to play, ambiguous strength

NCBO: CANADA PLAYERS: Zygmunt Marciński / Nicolas L’Écuyer (REV – 1)


- 17 -

[F1]: Salient subsequent actions by 1 Opener

After 1 response

1M = 4+M, F1, usually not 5M(332), may have longer m


1NT = NF, usually BAL (5M/1’n A/K/Q possible), ~17-19 (16-18 @ FAV)
2 = ART, 20+ HCP, F[2N/3M]
2 = F1, 6+m but < 4M, flexible (usually interest in 5+M) or extras, < GF
2M = SPL (M), 3-suited (may have 5m but not 5oM)
2NT = NF, usually BAL (5M/1’n H possible), ~20-22 (19-21 @ FAV)
3m = NF, 6+m
3M = SPL[M] 55mm, FG
3NT = to play
4M = to play

After 1M response

1 = PUP[1NT], prefers to describe rather than captain:


(A) 3-suited with no 5M, ergo 5m(541)/(440) or (4441);
(B) 55mm
(C) any (54) xx/xx
(D) 5M(431)/(440)
(E) 5M5any
(F) 6+M slam try looking for M fit
1NT = ART, (R), any shape/strength
2 = either 6+ or (6+m4any), prefers to describe rather than captain
2 = 6+, prefers to describe rather than captain
2 = 7(330) or 7033 or 6m5any(20), any strength
2 = 5M(440), though app. 18-20 after1 - 1
2NT = (65)(02) or 7033, any strength
3 = (65any)(02), any strength
3 = 0265, any strength
3 = 0562, any strength
3 = 5052, any strength
3NT+ = 7033

After 1N response

2 = PUP[→2], prefers to describe rather than captain:


(A) 3-suited with no 5M, ergo 5m(541)/(440) or (4441); or
(B) 55mm
2 = ART, (R), any shape/strength
2 = 5+, prefers to describe rather than captain
2 = PUP[→2NT], 6+m

NCBO: CANADA PLAYERS: Zygmunt Marciński / Nicolas L’Écuyer (REV – 1)


- 18 -

2NT = 5+, prefers to describe rather than captain


3any = (6m5M) hand type
3NT = to play
4m = RKCB[m]
4M = NAT, NF

After 2 response

2 = ART, (R), any shape/strength


2 = 5+’s, MIN no  fit
2 = either
(A) 3-suited SPL[], anti-positional or slammish; or
(B) 5+’s, MIN no  fit
2NT = either
(A) 5+M, extras but no  fit; or
(B) 3-suited SPL[], positional values
3 = 6+’s, usually SPL[], ambiguous as to strength
3 = sets ’s as trumps (only if Responder has 6+’s)
3M = 7M’s + SPL[]

After 2 response

2 = ART, (R), any shape/strength


2 = either
(A) 3-suited SPL[], either anti-positional or slammish; or
(B) 5+’s, MIN no  fit
2NT = either
(A) 5+’s, MIN no  fit; or
(B) 3-suited SPL[], positional values
3 = sets ’s as trumps
3 = 6+’s, usually SPL[], ambiguous as to strength
3M = 7M’s + SPL[]

After 2 response

2 = ART, (R), any shape/strength


2NT = either
(A) NAT, BAL,  stoppers, MIN/20+; or
(B) 3-suited SPL[], no 6+ m/ fit
3m = 3-suited SPL[m/], 5m/,  stoppers
3 = 6+’s, F[3NT/4]
3 = sets ’s as trumps, F[4]
3NT = NAT, BAL,  stoppers, mildly slammish (18-20), NF, < 5’s
4m = sets m’s as trumps

NCBO: CANADA PLAYERS: Zygmunt Marciński / Nicolas L’Écuyer (REV – 1)


- 19 -

After 2 response

2NT = ART, (R), any shape/strength


3m/ = 3-suited SPL[m/], 5m/,  stoppers
3 = 6+’s, F[3NT/4]
3 = sets ’s as trumps, F[4]
3NT = NAT, BAL,  stoppers, mildly slammish (18-20), NF, < 5’s
4m = sets m’s as trumps

After 2NT response

3 = ART, (R), any shape/strength


3 = either
(A) 3-suited SPL[] with  stoppers, or
(B) 6+’s
3M = 3-suited SPL[M],  stoppers
3NT = to play
4 = ART, sets ’s as trumps
4 = ART, sets ’s as trumps

After 3 response

3 = ART, (R), any shape/strength


3M = 3-suited SPL[M],  stoppers
3NT = to play
4 = ART, sets ’s as trumps
4 = ART, sets ’s as trumps

After 3 response

3 = ART, (R), any shape/strength


3 = 3-suited SPL[],  stoppers
3NT = to play
4 = KCB[]
4 = KCB[]

After 3 response

3 = ART, (R), any shape/strength

NCBO: CANADA PLAYERS: Zygmunt Marciński / Nicolas L’Écuyer (REV – 1)


- 20 -

[F2]: Salient subsequent actions by 1 Opener

After 1 response

1 = NF, 4
1NT = NF, BAL, no 4M, wrong range to have opened 1N
2 = NF, SPL[], MIN, (54)/55mm
2 = NF, SPL[], MAX, (54)/55mm
2 = F1
(A) 31(54)/3055, MIN/MAX
(B) at FAV only, 42(52) MAX
(C) not at FAV, 4 + SPL[] MIN
2 = NF
(A) BAL, usually 4 (may be 32(44)/32(53) with WK )
(B) 4 + SPL[any], sub-MIN
2NT = F1, 4, SPL[any], MAX
3 = NF, 55mm (usually denies 3055), MAX
3 = F1, 4, SPL[m], better than sub-MIN
3 = F1, 45m(22) “picture bid” (wrong strength to open 1NT)
3 = NF, 4, SPL[], better than sub-MIN

After 1 response

1NT = NF, BAL, no 4M, wrong range to have opened 1N


2 = NF, SPL[], MIN, (53)/(54)/55mm
2 = NF, SPL[], MAX, (53)/(54)/55mm
2 = NF, 3/4
(A) BAL, either 4 or 3 and WK doubleton
(B) 43(15)/13(45)/0355 MIN
(C) 4 + SPL[any], sub-MIN
2 = F1,
(A) 43(15)/13(45)/0355, MAX
(B) 4 + SPL[m], better than sub-MIN
2NT = F1, 4 + SPL[any], MAX
3 = NF, 55mm (usually denies 0355), MAX
3 = F1, 45m(22) “picture bid” (wrong strength to open 1NT)
3 = NF, 4 + SPL[], better than sub-MIN

NCBO: CANADA PLAYERS: Zygmunt Marciński / Nicolas L’Écuyer (REV – 1)


- 21 -

After 2 response

2 = BAL
(A) (4333)/(4432)/5m(332), wrong range to open 1NT
(B) 5m(422) same range as 1N opening is possible
(C) 6m(322) wrong range to open 1NT is possible, if m is WK
2 = SPL[], 3-suited: 3145/4135/4045/3154/4153/4054/4144
2 = SPL[], 3-suited: 1345/1435/0445/1354/1453/0454/1444
2NT = SPL[], 3-suited: 3415/4315/4405/4414
3 = SPL[], 5: 3451/4351/4450
3 = 4441
3 = SPL[] 55mm
3 = SPL[] 55mm, MIN
3NT = SPL[] 55mm, MAX

After 2 response

2M = NF
2NT = F1, ASK, great fit for either/both M
3 = NF, 55mm

After 2 response

2 = NF, denies good  fit (indeed, may be 04(54))


2NT = F1, MAX, fit for both  and 
3 = MIN, excellent fit for  not for 
3 = 55m’s, MAX, SPL[]
3 = 55m’s, MAX, SPL[]
3 = 55m’s, MAX, VSPL[]

After 2 response

2NT = MIN/MAX,  misfit, NF


3 = MAX, TH[] fit, F[3]
3 = MIN, some  fit, NF
3M/4= MAX, great  fit, QGF, SPL[M/]
4 = MIN, great  fit, NF

After 2NT response

3m = NF
3M = SPL[M], MAX, any shape
3NT = To Play, MAX, either BAL or SPL[m]

NCBO: CANADA PLAYERS: Zygmunt Marciński / Nicolas L’Écuyer (REV – 1)


- 22 -

After 3 response

3 = to play, NF
3 = F1, ASK
3 = F1, NAT suggesting 4
3NT = to play
4m = NAT, NF, MIN but excellent fit in m and SPL[om]
4 = slam try [], typically SPL[]
4 = slam try [], typically SPL[]
4NT = F[5m], requests Responder’s longer m [’s with 55]
5m = to play, < slam try

After 3 response

3M = stopper [M], F1
3NT = to play
4 = To Play and NF
4 = great fit [], SPL[], usually MIN, NF
4 = slam try [either m], MAX + great fit [m] + SPL[om]
4 = slam try [either m], asks for  control
4NT = slam try [either m], asks for  control
5m = To Play, < SI

After 3 response

3 = F1,
(A) assumed to show stopper [] + no stopper []
(B) may be a CUE[]
3NT = to play, certainly stopper []
4 = puppet to 4: no desire to play 3NT, MED
4 = puppet to 4: no desire to play 3NT, MIN
4 = MAX, good fit m’s, asks for longer m [’s with 55]
4 = MAX, good fit []
4NT = MAX, good fit []
5m = to play

NCBO: CANADA PLAYERS: Zygmunt Marciński / Nicolas L’Écuyer (REV – 1)


- 23 -

[F3]: Salient subsequent actions by 1M Opener

After 1/1 response

1NT = NF, usually BAL, always “wrong” range to have opened


2 = NF, 3/4
2NT = 4, MAX, any shape 1NT
3m = 5m, MAX but NF

After 1NT response

3m = 5m, MAX but NF


3oM = 5oM, MAX but NF

After 2 = (R) FG+ response

2 = ART: not BAL + 4-card suit


ergo 5M(431)/5M(440)/6M(4xy)/7M(4xy)
2 = ART: no SPL, 5/6/7M
2 = ART: 5m – could be 5M6m/6M5m
2NT = ART: (A) 6/7M + SPL[] or (B) 6M SPL[]
3 = ART: 6/7M + SPL[oM]
3 = ART: 5oM + SPL[]
3 = ART: 7M + SPL[], MIN/MAX
3 = ART: 5oM + SPL[], MIN
3NT = ART: 5oM + SPL[], MAX

After 2/1 response

2 = default/catchall rebid, < 0-3’s, NF


2 =  misfit, 6
2NT = MAX, F[3], either (A) 5 or (B) 3 + SPL[]
3 = MAX, F[3], either (A) 5 or (B) 3 + SPL[]
3 = MIN, 4
3 = MAX, 4

After 2(M-1) response

2M = NF
2(M+1) = MAX, any shape but almost always 6+M

NCBO: CANADA PLAYERS: Zygmunt Marciński / Nicolas L’Écuyer (REV – 1)


- 24 -

After 2M response

+1 = PUP[→ +2], F[3M], SPL[any]


+2 = F[3M], 4+
+3 = F[3M], 4+
3(M-1)= F[3M], 4+[OM]
3M = NF, 6M(322), at worst 1-loser M suit
3NT = to play

But at FAV

1 2
2NT = strong NT, NF
Other = SPL game try or better

1 2
2NT = strong NT, NF
3m/ = SPL[lmh] game try or better

After 2/1 response

2NT = F[3m]
3m = to play
3 = NF
3 = ART, GF
3NT = to play

After 2NT response

3 = F[3M], MIN, UNB (i.e. SPL[y])


3 = F[3M], MAX, BAL (i.e. denies SPL[y])
3M = F[3M], MIN, BAL (i.e. denies SPL[y])
3oM = F[4M], MAX, SPL[]
3NT = F[4M], MAX, SPL[]
4m = F[4M], SPL[oM]

After 3m response

3 = 5,  misfit (V/x), NF, ambiguous strength


3 = 5, m misfit (V/x), NF, ambiguous strength
3M = 6+M, m misfit (V/x), NF, ambiguous strength
3 = do you have om stop?
3NT/4M= to play
4 = ART, slam try [m], SPL[oM/om], F[5m]
4 = ART, choice of games [4M/5m]

NCBO: CANADA PLAYERS: Zygmunt Marciński / Nicolas L’Écuyer (REV – 1)


- 25 -

[F4]: Salient passed hand bidding after we open 1M

1NT/1 = NF
2 = 9+HCP, 3+M fit, unable
Immediate 2M rebid = MIN
Other = interest
2/2 = 5+/, MAX, good suit if only 5, < 3M, NF
2M = less than 2
2NT = 5M, 6-8
3 = 6+, MAX, reason not to have preempted 3, < 3M, NF
2/3/3 = 4+M, &4+oM/, MAX, values concentrated in 2 suits, F[3M]
3M = 4+M & 4+, MAX, values concentrated in 2 suits, NF

[F5]: Salient subsequent actions after we open 1NT

After 2/2 transfer

1NT 2/2
+1 = normal
+2 = ART, F[3M], 4-card fit, MAX
3(M-1)= ART, F[3M], 4-card fit, pure untenaced hand
3M = 4-card fit, MAX

1NT 2/2
+1 2 = ART, F[2N]
(A) INV
➢ BAL or quasi BAL w/ < 4 and only 5
➢ 55m
➢ 55MM
(B) slam try, 6+
➢ SPL[], good/bad trumps
➢ 4+m
2NT = GF, 4+, (< 6 after 2)
3 = GF, 4, (< 6 after 2)
3 = INV+, F[3M], 6+M
(A) INV
(B) GF, choice of games
(C) SPL[m/], poor trumps
(D) slam try, BAL, poor trumps
3 = GF+, 5M5+, SPL[]
3 = GF+, 5M5+, SPL[oM]
3NT = choice of games, NF

NCBO: CANADA PLAYERS: Zygmunt Marciński / Nicolas L’Écuyer (REV – 1)


- 26 -

4m/ = slam try, SPL[m/], 6+M, good trumps


4M = slam try w/o SPL, 6+M good trumps, NF

After 2 response

1NT 2
2NT = any MIN
3 = ART, any MAX
3+ = does not exist

1NT 2
2NT 3 = to play
3 = GF+, 6+,
(A) BAL
(B) SPL[]
3M = GF+, 6+, SPL[M]
4 = KCB[]

1NT 2
3 3 = ART, STAY
3M = GF+, 6+, SPL[M]
3NT = to play
4 = KCB[]
4 = GF+, 6+, SPL[]

After 2NT response

1NT 2NT
3 = equal/longer ’s
3 = longer ’s
3+ = does not exist

1NT 2NT
3m 3 = to play, 6+
3 = GF+, 6+
(A) SPL[]
(B) slam try, BAL
3 = GF+, 6+, SPL[]
3NT = 6+, SPL[], NF
4 = KCB[]
4 = PUP[4]
4 = 6+, SPL[], NF

NCBO: CANADA PLAYERS: Zygmunt Marciński / Nicolas L’Écuyer (REV – 1)


- 27 -

[F6]: Salient subsequent action after we open 2

2 2
2 = 3’s, any strength
2 = 4’s and < 3’s, any strength
2NT = < 3’s, MAX but unable/unwilling to rebid 3 instead
3 = < 3’s, MIN
3 = < 3’s, 7+’s, MAX
3 = 4’s, MIN
3 = 4’s, MAX

*****************

2 2
2 = ART, MIN, no 4-card side suit
2NT = ART, any 4-card side suit, any strength
3 = ART, MAX, 6/7’s + SPL[/]
3 = ART, MAX, 6/7’s + SPL[]
3 = ART, MAX, 2236 or 2227
3 = ART, MAX, 2326
3NT = ART, MAX, 3226

******************

2 2
2NT = 3’s, any strength
3 = < 3’s, any strength yet unable to rebid 3
3 = < 3’s, 7+’s, MAX
3 = 4’s, MAX
3 = 4’s, MIN

[F7]: Salient subsequent actions after 2 (1st/2nd @ FAV) – 2any

2 2 = (R), GF+
2 = ART, 6+’s, any shape, any strength
2 = ART, 6+’s, MIN, no 4-card side suit
2NT = ART, 6+’s, any 4-card side suit, any strength
3 = ART, MAX, 6/7’s + SPL[/]
3 = ART, MAX, 6/7’s + SPL[]
3 = ART, MAX, 2263 or 2272
3 = ART, MAX, 2362
3NT = ART, MAX, 3262

NCBO: CANADA PLAYERS: Zygmunt Marciński / Nicolas L’Écuyer (REV – 1)


- 28 -

*****************

2 2
2 2 = (R)
3 = ART, 6/7’s + SPL[/], MIN/MAX
3 = ART, 6/7’s + SPL[], MIN/MAX
3 = ART, 2236 or 2227, MIN/MAX `
3 = ART, 2326, MIN/MAX
3NT = ART, 3226, MIN/MAX

*****************

2 2
2 = 4’s (ergo < 4’s), any strength, assumed to be F1
2NT = ART, 3’s and < 4’s, any strength< NF
3m = 6+m, denies both 4’s and 3+’s, < super MAX
3 = 4’s, MIN
3 = ART, super MAX, 6+m, denies both 4’s and 3+’s
3NT+ = 4’s, MAX

******************

2 2
2NT = ART, 3’s, any strength< NF
3m = 6+m, denies both 3+’s, < super MAX
3 = ART, super MAX, 6+m, denies 3+’s
3 = 4’s, MIN
3NT+ = 4’s, MAX

[F8]: Salient subsequent action after we open 2 (other than NV vs. VUL in 1st/2nd)

2 2
2 = ART, MIN, 6+’s, no 4-card side suit
2NT = ART, 6+’s, any 4-card side suit, any strength
3 = ART, MAX, 6/7’s + SPL[/]
3 = ART, MAX, 6/7’s + SPL[]
3 = ART, MAX, 2263 or 2272
3 = ART, MAX, 2362
3NT = ART, MAX, 3262

******************

2 2

NCBO: CANADA PLAYERS: Zygmunt Marciński / Nicolas L’Écuyer (REV – 1)


- 29 -

2NT = ART, 4’s (ergo < 4’s), any strength< NF


3 = ART, 3’s and < 4’s, any strength, NF
3 = < 3’s and , any strength, NF
3 = ART, 4’s, MAX, F[3]
3 = 4’s, MIN, NF

*****************

2 2NT
3 = ART, 3’s, any strength, NF
3 = < 3’s, any strength, NF
3 = 4’s, MIN, NF
3 = ART, 4’s, MAX, F[4]

[F9]: Salient subsequent actions after 2 (only NV vs. VUL, 1st/2nd)

2 2NT
3 = ART, any MIN
3 = ART, 5+ (usually 6) ’s in a non-MIN and < 4♠’s
3 = ART, 5+ (usually 6) ♠’s in a non-MIN and < 4’s
3 = 4♠6 in a non-MIN
3NT = 6♠4 in a non-MIN

*******************

2 2NT
3 3 = F1, ART request for Opener to bid his long M
3M = F1, NAT
3NT = to play
4 = ART, F[4M], requests Opener to transfer to his M
4 = ART, F[4M], requests Opener to bid his M
4M = NAT, to play

[F10]: Salient subs. actions after 2M (other than FAV 1st/2nd) – 2NT = INV+, ASK

2M 2NT
3 = ART, any MIN
3 = ART, MAX + either bad/good M suit
3 = ART, MAX + very good M suit (AQJ)
3 = ART, MAX + excellent M suit (AKJ)
3NT = ART, MAX + ideal M suit (AKQ)

******************

NCBO: CANADA PLAYERS: Zygmunt Marciński / Nicolas L’Écuyer (REV – 1)


- 30 -

2M 2NT
3 3 = ART, ASK for M suit quality: bad, good, very good

******************

2M 2NT
3 3 = ART, ASK for M suit quality: bad, good
3 = ART, ASK for SPL[any]

******************

2M 2NT
3M/3NT +1 (not 3NT) = ART, ASK for SPL[any]

[F11]: Salient subsequent actions after 2M (1st/2nd @ FAV) – 2NT = INV+, ASK

2M 2NT
3m = 4+m’s, MIN, NF
3 = 4+’s, MAX, F[3NT/4]
3 = 4’s, MAX, F[3NT/4]
3NT = 5+’s, MAX, NF

[F12]: Salient subsequent actions after 2NT – 3 = INV+, ASK

2NT 3
3 = ART, any MIN
3NT = ART, MAX, but only 55 mm
4 = ART, MAX, longer ’s
4 = ART, MAX, 1156
4 = ART, MAX, 2056
4 = ART, MAX, 0256
4NT = ART, MAX, 1066
5 = ART, MAX, 0166

*****************

2NT 3
3 3NT = to play
4m = NF
4 = ART, ASK: 4 = 55; 4NT = 56; 5 = 65
4 = modified KCB[]
4NT = modified KCB[]
5m = NF

NCBO: CANADA PLAYERS: Zygmunt Marciński / Nicolas L’Écuyer (REV – 1)


- 31 -

*****************

2NT 3
3NT 4m = modified KCB[m]
4 = ART, ASK: 4 = SPL[]; 4NT = SPL[]; 5 = VSPL[]

*****************

2NT 3
4any +1 = modified KCB[]
+2 = modified KCB[]

*****************
2NT 3
3NT = < 2’s, any strength
4 = 3’s, any strength
4 = H[], 2, any strength
4 = 2’s, MIN
4 = 2’s, MAX

[F13]: Salient subsequent actions after 3NT – 4 = ASK

3NT 4
4M = SPL[M]
4NT = 7m(222)
5 = SPL[om]

[H1]: Defense to certain Artificial Openings: 2 = 5+’s weak or some strong

Direct

P = could be PEN X of ’s


X = 13-15 BALish or big hand
➢ after (2) – X – (P):
o P = neutral (could be weak BAL)
o 2 = Qbid, does not promise a rebid
o 2M = Natural, NF
o 2NT = Natural, INV
o 3Y = Natural, INV
➢ after (2) – X – (2+):
o as if 1N - (2+) ?
o after Advancer’s responsive X, 3+ by X’er = big hand, FG
o after (2) – X – (2) – P // (P): any bid = big hand, natural

NCBO: CANADA PLAYERS: Zygmunt Marciński / Nicolas L’Écuyer (REV – 1)


- 32 -

2 = take-out X of ’s
2M+ = as if (2) ?
➢ Advancer’s 3 = Qbid

After (2) – P – (2)

All bidding is as if over (2) - ?

After (2) – P – (2M)

X = Takeout
Others = NAT

[H2]: Defense to certain Artificial Opening: 2 = 5+M weak (even if no strong hand)

Direct

X = 13+, default that cannot otherwise bid


➢ Advancer’s actions after (2) – X – (any) = as if 1N - (any) ?
2M = natural, NF
➢ Advancer’s cheapest oM = F1, either Qbid support or NAT
➢ Advancer’s jump oM = SPL[oM]
2N = 15-18 BAL, SYSON
3m = natural, NF
3M = ART, 55 mm + short[M], F[3NT/4m]
4m = 5m + 5M, F1

After (2) – P – (2M/3M):

As if (2M/3M) ? with normal Lebensohl (unless passed hand)

[H3]: Defense to certain Artificial Opening: 2/2NT = 55 mm weak

Direct

X = app. 14+, assumed to be BAL


3 = ART, at least (54) MM, any strength
➢ 3 = ART, asks longer M
➢ 4m = ART, slam try in corresponding M
3 = ART, “Multi” (i.e. 5+ M, usually 6+), light overcall
➢ 3M = P/C
➢ 4 = ART, “please transfer to your M”
➢ 4 = ART, “please bid your M”
➢ 4M = Natural, NF

NCBO: CANADA PLAYERS: Zygmunt Marciński / Nicolas L’Écuyer (REV – 1)


- 33 -

3M = 5+M, sound overcall strength, NF


4 = 46, F[4M]
4 = 64, F[4M]
4M = Natural, NF

After (2/2NT) – P – (3m):

X = takeout
4 = ART, (64) MM
4 = ART, (55/66) MM
4M = Natural

After (2/2NT) – P – (4m):

X = takeout
4 = ART, usually at least (55) MM
4M = Natural

NCBO: CANADA PLAYERS: Zygmunt Marciński / Nicolas L’Écuyer (REV – 1)