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PSN COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY

(An Autonomous Institution)


Melathediyoor, Tirunelveli-627 152.
(Approved by AICTE, New Delhi and Recognised by UGC Under Section 2 (f))
An ISO 9001:2008 Certified Institution
(Accredited by NBA and NAAC, Affiliated to Anna University)
Web Site: www.psncet.ac.in, E-Mail: hodaero@psncet.ac.in
DEPARTMENT OF AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING
QUESTION BANK – ANSWERS

201024 - VIBRATION AND AERO ELASTICITY

PART – A

UNIT – 1

1. What is vibration/ List their main causes?

2. What are the harmful effect of vibrations?

3. How undesirable vibration can be eliminated?

4. How vibrations are classified?

5. Differentiate between free and forced vibration.

6. Differentiate between damped and undamped vibrations.

7. What is periodic function?

8. What is meant by degrees of freedom?

9. What do you know about resonance?

10. Define SHM.

11. What are the characteristics of vibration?


12. What are the solution methods for vibration?

13. State D‟Alemberts Principle.

14. Define the term `Beats‟.

15. State Newton‟s second‟s law of Vibration.

16. Explain about the Energy method for analysis of Vibration?

17. Define the term Time period?

18. Define the term Amplitude?

19. Define the term Frequency?

20. What is meant by Damping?

21. Define the term Hertz ?

22. What are the basic terminologies used in Vibration?

23. What is meant by eqivalent stiffness of the spring?

24. What is the eqivalent stiffness of the spring when they are in series and
parellel?
25. What is meant by Natural frequency?

26. What is meant by Compound pendulum?

27. Define Phase difference or Phase Lag.

28. State different methods of finding natural frequency of the system.

29. Define Steady state vibration and Transient vibration.


30. What is the natural frequency of simple spring-mass system?

31. Determine the natural frequency of mass of 10Kg suspended at the bottom
of two springs(of stiffness:5&8N/mm) in series.

32. Give the expression for natural frequency of water, which oscillates in a
“U” tube manometer?

33. A car having a mass of 1000kg deflects its spring 4cm under its load.
Determine the natural frequency of car in the vertical direction.

34. What is meant by undamped vibrating system?

35. Define node in Torsional vibration.

36. State the natural frequency of Torsional vibration of a simple system.

37. What are the conditions to be satisfied for an eqivalent system to that of
geared system in Torsional vibrations?

38. What is the significance of Energy method?

39. Define the term “cycle”

40. What are the basic parts of the vibrating system including Damper?

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UNIT – 2

1. What are the elements of free vibrating systems?

2. What is the equivalent stiffness of springs when they are in series and
parallel?
3. What is bifilar and trifilar suspension?

4. Define spring stiffness and give its units?

5. What is meant by Viscous damping?

6. What is meant by transient vibration?

7. What are the types of damping?

8. What is meant by critical damping co-efficient?

9. What is coulomb damping?

10. Define under damping over damping and critical damping?

11. Define logarithmic decrement?

12. Define magnification factor?

13. What do you understand by vibration isolation?

14. Define force transmissibility?

15. What is meant by critical speed?

16. Why an accelerometer is preferred over vibro meter?

17. What is ment by torsional vibration?

18. What do you undestand by Transmissibility?


19. What is meant by Damped Vibration?

20. List all the Vibration measuring instruments and their uses.

21. Define Damping factor or Damping ratio.

22. Define Under damping and Over damping?

23. What is the type of motion in Under damping, Over damping and Critical
damping?

24. What are the common sorces of Harmonic excitation?

25. What is the main advantage of providing damping in mechanical system?

26. Draw the Diagram of afree damped vibrating system and write the
governing differential equation of the system.

27. Distinguish between critical damping and large damping.

28. Sketch the Time Vs Displacement plot for under damped and over damped
systems.
29. What is the limit beyond which damping is detrimental and why?

30. When do you say a vibrating system in under damped?

31. What is meant by critical Damping?

32. What type of motion is exhibited by a vibrating system when it is critically


damped?

33. Writedown the expression for natural frequency of freeTorsional vibration


without considering the effect of inertia of the consraint.

34. Define torsional eqivalent shaft.


35. Give the equation for Damping facto r ‫ ح‬and Damped frequency ωd

36. What is meant by Harmonic forcing?

37. What is relationship between frequencies of damped and undamped


vibrations?

38. Define Transmissibility ratio or isolation factor.

39. Sketch the graph for ω/ωd Vs Transmissibility for different values of
damping factor.

40. Specify the importance of vibration isolation?

41. What are the methods of isolating the vibration?

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UNIT – 3
1. What is meant by normal mode and principle mode of vibration?
2. Define semi definite system? Give example?

3. What is co-ordinate coupling?

4. What is dynamic vibration absorber?

5. When a two degree of freedom system is said to be coupled?

6. What are the principles co-ordinates?

7. Differentiate between static and dynamic coupling?

8. Write Lagrange‟s equation?

9. Write orthogonality principle for 3 mass system?

10. State Hamilton‟s principle?

11. Write one dimensional wave equation for lateral vibration of spring?

12. Define torsional vibrations?

13. Define continuous system?

14. What are the differences between continuous and Discrete system?

15. What are the differences between Dynamic & Torsional vibration
absorber?
16. What are the demerits of dynamic vibration absorber?

17. Define Torsional stiffness?

18. What are the units of Torsional Damping coefficient?

19. What are the generalised coordinates and generalised forces?

20. When a two degrees of freeedom system is said to be coupled?

21. State orthogonality principle?


22. What is meant by Dynamic magnifier?

23. What are the factors on which D,M depend?

24. Briefly explain elastic suspension.

25. Specify any two industrial applications where the Transmissibility effects
of vibration are important.
26. What are influence coefficients?

27. Explain the Matrix method for solving Two degrees of freedom problem?

28. What are the differences between Static and Dynamic coupling?

29. What is meant by Orthogonality?

30. What is the condition for the amplitude of main mass to be zero in
Dynamic vibration absorber?
31. What is meant by unturned viscous damper?

32. Write down the equation for angular velocity of Torsionally Equivalent
shaft.
33. What do you know about Forced Harmonic vibration?

34. Write down the equation of motion of Damped free vibration of two
degrees of freedom system?

35. When the virating system is called as Multi degrees of freedom system?

36. Write short notes about Eigen value problems.

37. Write down the solution of wave equation for Lateral vibration of string

38. Write down the solution of wave equation for longitudinal vibration of bar
with both ends are free.

39. Write down the solution of wave equation for Torsional vibration of shaft
40. Write down the frequency equation for longitudinal vibration of bar with
both ends are free?

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UNIT – 4

1. Explain the Rayleigh‟s method?

2. Describe the step by step procedure for Holzer method?

3. Write the equation of motion for the system as shown in figure?

4. When does Resonance take place in a system?

5. What are the different types of vibratory motion?

6. What are the Dunkerley‟s method used in natural transverse vibration?

7. What is the principle of Rayleigh‟s method of finding natural frequency of


vibration?
8. What are the steps to be followed for solving the problems by using
Rayleigh‟s method?
9. What are the applications of Rayleigh‟s method?

10. What are the applications of Holzer method?

11. What are the factors that affect the critical speed of shaft?

12. Define Whirling or Whipping speed of shaft?

13. What are the causes of critical speed?


14. Why is critical speed encountered?

15. Differentiate between Transverse and Torsional vibration?

16. How will you calculate the deflection in cantilever beam in the Rayleigh‟s
method?

17. What is the formula being used for calculating deflection in simply
supported beam in the Rayleigh‟s method?
18. What is the Rayleigh‟s formula for calculating angular velocity in the
beams?
19. How will you calculate the angular velocity for the Spring Mass system by
using Holzer method?
20. How will you calculate the angular velocity for the Torsional system by
using Holzer method?

21. What is the method for calculating approximate ω by using Holzer method?

22. What are the formulas used for finding displacement „x‟ in the Spring Mass
system by using Holzer method?
23. What are the formulas used for finding displacement „φ‟ in the Torsional
system by using Holzer method?
24. What are all the Approximate methods for calculating natural frequency of
the vibrating system?

25. What are the advantages of Holzer method over Rayleigh‟s method?

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UNIT – 5

1. What is meant by aero elasticity?

2. Define buffeting?

3. What are the design parameters affecting divergence of straight wings?

4. List the static and dynamic type of aero elastic problems?

5. What is mean by aileron reversal speed?

6. What is mean by flutter? How the flutter can be prevented?

7. What are he types of flutter?

8. What is mean by aerodynamic coupling? What are the classifications of


coupling?
9. What are the differences between elastic coupling and inertial coupling?

10. What is meant by critical flutter speed?

11. What are the methods o control the aero elastic oscillation?

12. What are the determination methods‟ of vertical oscillation?

13. What is meant by critical wind speed?

14. Define Aileron efficiency?

15. Define the Rolling power of the wing?


16. What is meant by Elastic efficiency of Aileron?

17. Explain about Strip theory for lift distribution of rigid wing?

18. What are the main types of Aero elastic instabilities?

19. Explain the various Aero elastic instabilities.

20. What is meant by loss or reversal of Aileron control?

21. Define Dynamic response or forced response?

22. Write down the expression for the determination of wing divergence speed
on two dimensional wing.
23. Write down the expression for the determination of wing divergence speed
on Finite wing.
24. What is meant by Collar triangle of forces?

25. What are the effects of structural parameters of wing on the critical speed?

26. What is the difference between Ternary and Binary flutter?

27. What is meant by stall flutter?

28. How vertical translation is aerodynamically stable in a nonviscous fluid?

29. What is meant by Dynamic mass balancing?

30. What is the difference between Aerodynamic and Elastic coupling?

31. Write short notes about static type Aeroelastic instability.

32. Write short notes about dynamic type Aeroelastic instability.

33. What is meant by Swept wing divergence?

34. What is the difference between classical flutter and non classical flutter?

35. What is meant by Aileron buzz?


36. What is meant by inertial coupling?

37. Draw the elastic coupling diagram?

38. What is known as Centre of independence?

39. What is meant by control surface flutter?

40. What are the preventive measures of flutter?

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