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STUDY GUIDE (corrigido e comentado)

TEXT III- CARTOON


READ THE TEXTS BELOW TO ANSWER THE
FOLLOWING QUESTIONS .

TEXT I – THE WORLD WATER CRISIS

According to a report released by WWF,


about 1.1 billion people face water shortage in
the world. The report also indicates that 2.7
billion people experience the problem of water
shortage in at least one month every year. This
implies that the water shortage problem is a real
one, which affects around 27% of the world’s 83% of Americans are concerned about the
population. availability of clean water for the future.
With worldwide population increasing at a
Fonte : http://www.ecomagination.com/ge-survey
rate of 1.13% or 80 million people every year,
nations need to take action to solve a problem
which will only worsen. Text IV – 4 TIPS FOR WATER
Water shortage causes many effects. CONSERVATION IN THE HOME...
When there is water shortage in an area, for
example, children often abandon school to help
1. Check faucets and pipes for leaks

their parents look for water.
Lack of enough water makes cleaning of
dishes, clothes and other household items A small drip from a worn faucet
difficult ,too. This will have a negative effect on washer can waste 20 gallons of water per
the health of an individual. day. Larger leaks can waste hundreds of
gallons.
Fonte : https://waterfilteranswers.com/water-
shortages/em 23/03/2018.(com adaptações). 2. Use your water meter to check for
hidden water leaks

TEXT II - TEXT II - ARE WE DOING ENOUGH? Read the house water meter before and
after a two-hour period when no water is being
used. If the meter does not read exactly the
same, there is a leak.

3. Take shorter showers

One way to cut down on water use is to turn


off the shower before soaping up, then turn it
back on to rinse. A four-minute shower uses
approximately 20 to 40 gallons of water.

4. Turn off the water after you wet your


toothbrush
Save the Earth from pollution
There is no need to keep the water running
Our lives,futures and planet are in danger! By polluting while you are brushing your teeth. Just wet your
the air,illegally disposing of toxic waste and burning brush and fill a glass for mouth rinsing.
rainforests, we are damaging our world, and what is the
world doing? Is it doing all that it can and should? The very Fonte : http://eartheasy.com/live_water_saving.htm
simple answer is no.

Magazine,website&books written by tens since 1989

Fonte:<www.teenink.com/hot_topics/environment/article/
4362/Are-We-Doing-Enough>
1. Based on Text I , it is incorrect to water makes cleaning of dishes...” (texto
conclude that : I) , os verbos sublinhados foram escritos
no mesmo tempo verbal e seguem as
a) ( ) Water shortage is not a fact in many mesmas regras de escrita na 3ª pessoa
countries. do singular.
b) ( ) More than 2 billion people face water 2) ( F ) As palavras “cleaning” ( text I) e
shortage in the world. “rinsing” (texto IV) foram usadas no texto
c) ( x ) The water shortage occurs only in richest como verbos.
area. 3) ( T ) O verbo “turn off “ (texto IV) foi
d) ( ) A lack of water affects the routine of usado no modo imperativo afirmativo.
many people.
A alternativa correta é :
Comentário : a alternativa C é a incorreta, uma
vez que a escassez de água não ocorre apenas a) 1 ( T ) ; 2 ( T);3(T)
(only) nas áreas mais ricas. b) 1 ( T ) ; 2 ( F);3(T)
c) 1 ( F ) ; 2 ( T);3(T)
2. Based on Texts III and IV , it is incorrect d) 1 ( T ) ; 2 ( F);3(F)
to conclude that : e) 1 ( F ) ; 2 ( F);3(F)

a) ( ) Recycled water is very important for Comentário: Na oração “makes cleaning


sustainability. of dishes...”(...torna a limpeza das
b) ( ) 83% of americans are worried with louças...”), a palavra cleaning exerce a
ututility of clean water for the future. função morfológica de substantivo.
c) ( X ) The text reports on instructions of
water conservation in hotels. 5. Judge the following sentences. Put (T) for
d) ( ) The text reports tips of water true, and (F) for false.Then , choose the correct
conservation in home. alternative.

OBS. : Na questão 2, pede-se o item incorreto. In the sentence “ If the meter does
A alternativa incorreta é a letra C, pois o texto not read exactly the same, there is a leak”, the
não relata sobre a conservação de água em underlined verb :
hotéis.
1. ( T ) is an auxiliary verb.
3. Na frase “This implies that the water shortage 2. ( F ) is a main verb.
problem is a real one” o verbo sublinhado escrito 3. ( F ) indicates the tense of verb in the
na forma negativa é : Present Continuous.
4. ( T ) as an auxiliary verb, it can not be
translated.
a) This don’t implies that the water shortage
problem is a real one. a) 1 ( T ) ; 2 ( F ) ; 3 ( T ); 4 ( F)
b) This does not implies that the water b) 1 ( T ) ; 2 ( F ) ; 3 ( F ); 4 ( F)
shortage problem is a real one. c) 1 ( F ) ; 2 ( T ) ; 3 ( T ); 4 ( T)
c) This doesn’t imply that the water d) 1 ( F ) ; 2 ( T ) ; 3 ( F ); 4 ( F)
shortage problem is a real one. e) 1 ( T ) ; 2 ( F ) ; 3 ( F ); 4 ( T)
d) This don’t imply that the water shortage
problem is a real one. Comentário: Na frase, o verbo DOES
não funciona como verbo principal,
Comentário: o verbo imply (implicar, mas sim como verbo auxiliar de
significar,indicar, dar a entender), “read”. DOES como verbo auxiliar não
quando escrito na forma negativa, tem tradução, pois servirá para
acompanhado do verbo auxiliar DOES, indicar o tempo do verbo principal na
volta para sua forma básica. frase. No caso do exemplo acima,
DOES servirá para indicar o verbo no
Simple Present.
4. Judge the following sentences. Put (T) for
true, and (F) for false. Then , choose the correct
alternative.

1) ( T ) Nas frases “ Water shortage causes


many effects.”(texto I) e “Lack of enough
Read the fragments below, and then judge
the following statements about Grammar.

6. ( T ) A frase “ Water shortage causes many


effects” está escrita no Simple Present. Ao ser
reescrita no Present Continuous, fica : “Water
shortage is causing many effects”..
7. ( F ) A frase “Use your water meter to…” está
escrita no Imperativo afirmativo. Ao ser reescrita
no Imperativo negativo, fica : “ Not do use water
meter to…”.
8. ( T ) Na frase “There is no need to keep the
water running while you are brushing your
teeth”, o acréscimo do sufixo ing aos verbos
sublinhados não seguem a mesma regra
gramatical.

Comentário: O imperativo negativo da frase


“Use your water meter to...” é : “Don’t / Do not
use your water meter to...”. NO item 3, o verbo
running teve a última letra dobrada ao ganhar
ING, já que se trata de um verbo monossílabo
tônico terminado em CVC ( consoante , vogal,
consoante ( r – u – n ) .