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ENGLISH TASK 5 (Page 35-36)

Name : Nadia Nurfitri Salsabila

NPM : H1A019033

Do the exercise below to check your understanding !

A. Write down the answer

1. What is Cardiac Conduction System ?


Answer : The cardiac conduction system is a group of specialized cardiac muscle cells
in the walls of the heart that send signal to the heart muscle causing it to contract.

2. Mention the main components of cardiac cunduction system !


Answer: The main component of cardiac conduction system are the SA node, AV
node, Bundle of His, Bundle branches, and through the purkinje fibers.

3. What are atrioventricular node and sinoatrial node ? explain in detail !


Answer :
 The atrioventricular node is a superficial structure located just beneath the
RA endocardium , anterior to the ostium of the coronary sinus, and directly
above the insertion of the septal leaflet of the tricuspid valve.

 The sinoatrial node is a spindle shaped structure composed of a fibrous tissue


matrix with closely packed cell

4. What is the difference between bundle of his and bundle of branches ?


Answer :
 Bundle of his is a structure that connect with the distal part of the compact
AV node, perforates the central fibrous body , and continues through the
annulus fibrosus , where it is called the nonbranching portion as it penetrates
the membranous septum .

 The bundle branches : originate at the superior of the muscular


interventricular septum, immediately below the membranous septum, with
the cells of the left bundle branch cascading downward as a continous sheet
onto the septum beneath the noncoronary aortic cusp.

5. What is terminal purkinje ? explain briefly !


Answer : The terminal purkinje is a fibers that connect with the ends of the bundle
branches to form interweaving networks on the endocardial surface of both
ventricles, which transmit the cardiac impuls almost simultaneously to the entire
right and left ventricular endocardium .

6. Fill the blank pictures with the right answers !


:

B. Fill the blank with the correct answer

VOCABULARY

No. Vocabulary Description


nearer the front, especially situated in the front of the
Anterior
1 body or nearer to the head
a conceptual subdivision of something, especially a
Branches
2 family, group of languages, or a subject.
a collection of things, or a quantity of material, tied or
Bundle
3 wrapped up together
relating to the heart., relating to the part of the stomach
Cardiac
4 nearest the esophagus.
One of Vena blood vessel which carry blood with high
Cava
5 CO2 Content
having all the necessary components or features neatly
Compact
6 fitted into a small space
the process by which heat or electricity is directly
Conduction
7 transmitted through a substance when there is a
difference of temperature or of electrical potential
between adjoining regions, without movement of the
material.
relating to or denoting the arteries that surround and
Coronary supply the heart, relating to or denoting a structure that
8
encircles a part of the body
situated away from the center of the body or from the
Distal
9 point of attachment.
a type of material in the form of pieces of components
Fibers
10 that form a complete elongated tissue.
Fibrous consisting of or characterized by fibers
11
a diagram showing the relation between variable
Graph quantities, typically of two variables, each measured
12
along one of a pair of axes at right angles.
fixed its condition (its position and so on) despite
Impervious experiencing various things; not quickly broken
13
(changed, lost, faded, etc.)
Inferior low or lower in position.
14
Insertion the manner or place of attachment of an organ.
15
an inadequate blood supply to an organ or part of the
Ischemia
16 body, especially the heart muscles.
Junction a point where two or more things are joined.
17
a printed sheet of paper, sometimes folded, containing
Leaflet
18 information or advertising and usually distributed free.
Membranous thin skins that exist in the initial layer of an organ
19
the process of change (varying) a periodic wave so as to
Modulate
20 make a signal capable of carrying an information
an instrument or device used for observing, checking, or
Monitor
21 keeping a continuous record of a process or quantity.
Muscular having well-developed muscles.
22
a lymph node or other structure consisting of a small
Node
23 mass of differentiated tissue.
Penetrates succeed in forcing a way into or through (a thing)
24
Perforates pierce and make a hole or holes in
25
a part of a whole; an amount, section, or piece of
Portion
26 something.
a partition separating two chambers, such as that
Septum
27 between the nostrils or the chambers of the heart.
a gesture, action, or sound that is used to convey
Signals information or instructions, typically by prearrangement
28
between the parties concerned.
the arrangement of and relations between the parts or
Structure
29 elements of something complex.
Superficial existing or occurring at or on the surface
30
the outside part or uppermost layer of something (often
Surface
31 used when describing its texture, form, or extent).
a membranous fold in a hollow organ or tubular
structure, such as a blood vessel or the digestive tract,
Valve
32 that maintains the flow of the contents in one direction
by closing in response to any pressure from reverse flow.
Ventricles a hollow part or cavity in an organ, in particular.
33
an organ or cell able to respond to light, heat, or other
external stimulus and transmit a signal to a sensory
Receptors nerve, a region of tissue, or a molecule in a cell
34
membrane, that responds specifically to a particular
neurotransmitter, hormone, antigen, or other substance.