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I.

Objectives
1. To find the formula of the Cupper Chloride Hydrate by finding the mass of each element in a weighed
sample of that compound.
2. To apply the step by step procedure in finding the weight of each element present in Cupper Chloride
Hydrate.
3. To form a metallic Copper solution with an Aluminum salts.
II. Materials
A. Equipment /Apparatus
1. Analytical balance
2. Crucible and cover
3. Bunsen burner
4. Lighter
5. Spatula
6. Clay triangle
7. Iron ring
8. 50-mL beaker
9. 50 m aluminum wire
10. Glass stirring rod
11. Buchner funnel
12. Filter paper

B. Chemical Reagents

COMPOUND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES HAZARDS DISPOSAL


Cupper Chloride Solid, blue-green in Causes eye and skin Put proper label before
color, odorless, irritation, harmful if disposing.
swallowed, causes
respiratory tract
irritation when inhaled.
6 M Hydrochloric Acid Colorless to light Hazardous liquid, Store in a cool, dry
(HCl) yellow-water-soluble corrosive, can cause place, keep in a closed
liquid with poungent, skin, eyes and internal container, highly
irritating color. damage, poisonous can flammable, in case of
be fatal if swallowed. spill wash it thoroughly
with water.
95% Ethanol (C2H5OH) Colorless liquid, volatile Causes sever eye Avoid spill, dispose in a
irritation, flammable close container with
liquid, can cause label.
central nervous system
depression.
Water (H2O) Colorless liquid No Hazards Dispose on sink.
III. Schematic diagram
Finding the formula of the
Cupper Chloride Hydrate
by finding the mass of each element
in a weighed sample of that compound.

Finding the weight of Anhydrous Forming Metallic Copper Solution Separating the Cu from
Copper Chloride with an Al salts Al salts and finding
Its weight.
Wei̴̴g̴̴ h a clean, dry crucible accurately Transfer the brown crystals in the
Using analytical balance crucible to an empty 50 mL Use a Buhner funnel to
Beaker, with the rinsing from crucible separate Cu from the
Place 1g of the unknown hydrated solution.
Cu in the crucible form a hydrous Copper solution by
Gently swirling the beaker with crystal Weigh a dry piece of
Weigh the crucible and its content and water. Filter paper that will fit
Accurately (Record your data) in a Buchner funnel.
Immerse a form spiral coil of about 20 cm
Place the uncover crucible on a clay 20-gauge Al wire ( ̴̴ 0. 25g) into the Put the paper in the
triangle solution. Funnel applying a good
Supported by an iron ring suction.
Observe the evolution of H2 gas and
Gently heat the crucible with a small the formation of Cu metal on the Al With suction on, decant
Flame Bunsen burner. Move back wire as the color of the solution the solution into the
An forth until you see the color of faded. Funnel.
The sample turn to brown.
*Do not overheat) Al wire will slowly oxidized and Wash up the metal
Become Al ions. thoroughly with dis-
Continue the heating until 2 min tilled H2O, breaking up
After 30 minutes, the solution will be any particles.
Remove from heat, observe any colorless and most of the Cu will be
Remaining green crystals by rolling it on Al wire. Transfer all the remain-
Slowly around the crucible. Ning Cu to the filter
*Repeat the process if some green Add 5 drops of 6M HCl to dissolve funnel.( * All the Cu
Crystal remain. Any insoluble Al salts and clean up the must be transfer to the
Solution. Funnel.)
Weigh the cool uncovered crucible.
with Anhydrous CuCl2 accurately. Remove the Cu completely from the Rinse the Cu on the
the wire using a stirring rod. Use a paper once again.
drop of 6M HCl to completely
remove the Cu. (Set the wire aside) Turn off the suction

We now have a metallic Cu solution Add 10 mL of 95%


with Al salts. ethanol to the funnel
After a min. turn the
Suction again.

Dry the paper the paper


and the Cu under a heat
Lamp. Allow it to cool.

Weigh the Cu
Accurately.