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# DESIGN OF ISOLATED FOOTING

## F1 DESIGN OF ISOLATED FOOTING SIZE 2.64 X 2.3 X 0.6

GRID No. Short Bars
Axial Load = 1761 KN Y 12 @ 15 c/c
Add 10% of self wt of footing= 176.1 KN Long Bars
Total Load on footing = 1761 KN Y 12 @ 15 c/c
Assumed bearing capacity of soil= 300 KN/sq mt.
Grade of concrete= M20 Grade of steel= Fe415
Size of Column= b= 300 D= 600
Area of footing=Total Load on footing/bearing capacity
Area of footing= 5.87 sq mt. App.Side of footing 2.423 mt
Size of footing= lx= 2.64 ly= 2.3
Provided area of footing= 6.072 sqmt> 5.87 sqmt Hence safe
Bending Moment(Mu)
Net upward pressure intensity= 290.02 KN/sqmt < 300 KN/sqmt
NUPI due to factored load=1.5*Total load/provided area of footing
NUPI due to factored load= 435.03 KN/sq mt.
Mu= 1/2*NUPI*(lx-b)/2*(lx-b)/2 per mt.
Mu= 297.76 KN-mt
Effective depth(d) required=Sq.rt of Mu/0.138*fck*ly
d= 216.58 mm
Adopt over all depth= 600 mm
Effective cover = 50 mm
Effective depth(d) = 538 mm
Increased depth is taken due to shear requirements.
Area of tension steel is given by Mu=0.87*fy*Ast(d-fy*Ast/(fck*lx)
By solving the equation Ast= 1637 sq mm
% of steel=100*Ast/(bd)= 0.3043 %
Min. steel as per IS.456-1978=0.15%bd= 807 sq mm
Use 12 mm bar 150 mm c/c
1Y 12 113.04 sqmm then 753.6 > 1637 Hence Safe

## Check for shear

One way action
The critical section is taken at a distance "d" away from the face of column
Factored Shear force(Vu)=NUPI*((lx-b)/2-d)
Vu= 274.94 KN
Nominal Shear stress(Tv)=Vu/bd
Tv= 0.511 N/sqmm
Shear strength of M20 concrete with 0.1401 % steel
Tc= 0.3 N/sqmm > Tv Hence OK
Shear two way action
The critical section is taken at a distance 0.5d away from the face of column
Shear force (Vu)=NUPI(Area of footing-((b+d)*(D+d)))
Vu= 2227 KN
Nominal Shear stress(Tv)=Vu/Bod
Perimeter of section(Bo)=2((b+d)+(D+d))
Bo= 3952 mm
Tv= 1.04725 N/sqmm
Shear strength of M20 concrete with T'c=Ks Tc where Ks=(0.5+Bc)
Bc=b/D= 0.5 Therefore Ks= 1 Since Ks< or =1
T'c=Tc=0.25SQRT OF 20=1.11> 1.0472