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(A) ( +1, + j, − j) (B) ( +1, −1, +1) (C) (0,0,0) (D) ( −1, + j, − j)

Answer: - (D)

(

Exp: - x3 + x2 + x + 1 = 0 ⇒ x2 + 1 ( x + 1) = 0 ) ⇒ x + 1 = 0; x2 + 1 = 0 ⇒ x = −1 x = ±j

2. With K as a constant, the possible solution for the first order differential equation

dy

= e−3x is

dx

1 −3x 1 3x 1 −3x

(A) − e +K (B) − e +K (C) − e +K (D) −3e− x + K

3 3 3

Answer: - (A)

dy

Exp: - = e−3x ⇒ dy = e−3x dx

dx

Integrate on both sides

e−3x 1

y= + K = − e−3x + K

−3 3

3. The r.m.s value of the current i(t) in the circuit shown below is

1

(A) A 1F 1H

2

1 1Ω

(B) A

2 i ( t) 1Ω

(C) 1A ~

+

(D) 2A

(1.0 sin t ) V

Answer: - (B)

Exp: - ω = 1 rad / sec XL = 1Ω; XC = 1Ω

1Ω

+

1 Sin t

−

Sin t 1

I ( t) = = Sin t; Irms = A

1Ω 2

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∞

4. The fourier series expansion f ( t ) = a0 + ∑ an cos nωt + bn sin nωt of the periodic

n =1

( A ) a0 and bn , n = 1,3,5,...∞

f (t )

(B ) a0 and an , n = 1,2,3,...∞

( C ) a0 an and bn , n = 1,2, 3,...∞ t

0

(D ) a0 and an n = 1,3,5,...∞

Answer: - (D)

Exp: - ⇒ it satisfies the half wave symmetry, so that it contains only odd harmonics.

⇒ It satisfies the even symmetry. So bn = 0

(A) dc shunt motor with armature resistance control

(B) dc shunt motor with field weakening control

(C) dc series motor

(D) dc compound motor

Answer: - (A)

is operated at no load a normal excitation. The field excitation of the motor is

first reduced to zero and then increased in reverse direction gradually. Then the

armature current

(A) Increases continuously

(B) First increases and then decreases steeply

(C) First decreases and then increases steeply

(D) Remains constant

Answer: - (B)

load center. Select the most suitable power evacuation transmission configuration

among the following options

132kV, 300km double circuit

~ Load center

(B)

132kv,300 km sin gle circuit with 40% series capacitor compensation

400kV, 300km sin gle circuit

~ Load center

(D)

400kV, 300km double circuit

Answer: - (A)

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below

G ( jω ) 1.3 1.2 1.0 0.8 0.5 0.3

Answer: - (A)

Exp: - At ∠G ( jw ) = −180 magnitude M=0.5

1

So G.M = 20 log = 6dB

0.5

At G ( jw ) = 1 phase angle ∠G ( jw ) = −150

9. The steady state error of a unity feedback linear system for a unit step input is

0.1. The steady state error of the same system, for a pulse input r(t) having a

magnitude of 10 and a duration of one second, as shown in the figure is

r (t)

10

1s t

Answer: - (A)

1

Exp: - For step input ess = 0.1 = ⇒k =9

1+k

9

G (S ) =

S +1

Now the input is pulse r ( t ) = 10 u ( t ) − u ( t − 1)

1 − e −s

r ( s ) = 10

s

S 10 1 − e−s

S.R ( s ) S 0

ess = Lt = Lt = =0

S →0 1 + G ( S ) H ( S ) S →0 S + 10 10

S +1

(i) The compensating coil of a low power factor wattmeter compensates the

effect of the impedance of the current coil.

(ii) The compensating coil of a low power factor wattmeter compensates the

effect 0of the impedance of the voltage coil circuit.

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(A) (i) is true but (ii) is false (B) (i) is false but (ii) is true

(C) both (i) and (ii) are true (D) both (i) and (ii) are false

Answer: - (B)

11. A low – pass filter with a cut-off frequency of 30Hz is cascaded with a high-pass

filter with a cut-off frequency of 20Hz. The resultant system of filters will function

as

(A) an all-pass filter (B) an all-stop filter

(B) an band stop (band-reject) filter (D) a band – pass filter

Answer: - (D)

Exp: -

20 30

12.

R +12V

− +12V

vi R −

+ VO

−12V +

−12V

R

R R

+12v +12V VO

Vo

(A) (B)

+6v

−6v Vi

−6v Vi

−12v

−12v

+12v Vo

+12v Vo

(C) (D)

−6v +6v

−6v +6v Vi

Vi

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Answer: - (D)

Exp: - It is a Schmitt trigger and phase shift is zero.

13. A three-phase current source inverter used for the speed control of an induction

motor is to be realized using MOSFET switches as shown below. Switches S1 to S6

are identical switches.

Id

A

S1 S2 S3

B

l.M.

A

S4 S6 S2

A A A A

B B B B

Answer: - (C)

14. A point Z has been plotted in the complex plane, as shown in figure below.

Im unit circle

Zo

Re

1

The plot of the complex number y = is

z

y• Re Re

y•

y•

Re Re

y•

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Answer: - (D)

Exp: - Z < 1, so Y > 1

Z is having +ve real part and positive imaginary part (∴ from the characteristics)

So Y should have +ve real part and negative imaginary part.

15. The voltage applied to a circuit is 100 2 cos (100πt ) volts and the circuit draws

a current of 10 2 sin (100πt + π / 4 ) amperes. Taking the voltage as the

reference phasor, the phasor representation of the current in amperes is

( A ) 10 2 ∠− π/4 (B ) 10 ∠− π/4

( C ) 10 ∠+ π/4 (D ) 10 2 ∠+ π/4

Answer: - (B)

Exp: - V ( t ) = 100 2 cos (100πt )

π π π π

i ( t ) = 10 2 sin 100πt + + − = 10 2 cos 100πt −

4 2 2 4

10 2 π π

So I = ∠− = 10∠ −

2 4 4

16. In the circuit given below, the value of R required for the transfer of maximum

power to the load having a resistance of 3Ω is

+ 6Ω

10 V 3Ω Load

Answer: - (A)

102

Exp: - R = 0 : Pmax = (∴ RL = cons tan t )

3

17. Given two continuous time signals x ( t ) = e −t and y ( t ) = e−2t which exist for t > 0,

the convolution z(t) = x(t)* y(t) is

(A) e − t − e −2t (B ) e−3t (C) e+ t (D ) e− t + e −2t

Answer: - (A)

Exp: - z ( t ) = x ( t ) ∗ y ( t )

1 1 1 1

z ( s ) = x ( s ) .y ( s ) = . = −

( s + 1 ) ( s + 2 ) ( s + 1 ) ( + 2)

s

L−1 {z ( s )} = z ( t ) = e − t − e −2t

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18. A single phase air core transformer, fed from a rated sinusoidal supply, is

operating at no load. The steady state magnetizing current drawn by the

transformer from the supply will have the waveform

(A) i (B ) i

t t

(C) i (D ) i

t t

Answer: - (C)

Exp: - It is an air core transformer. So, there is no saturation effect.

(A) an alternator (B) an transformer

(C) a transmission line (D) a bus bar

Answer: - (A)

20. For enhancing the power transmission in along EHV transmission line, the most

preferred method is to connect a

(A) Series inductive compensator in the line

(B) Shunt inductive compensator at the receiving end

(C) Series capacitive compensator in the line

(D) Shunt capacitive compensator at the sending end

Answer: - (C)

1

Exp: - P α Where, X = ( XL − Xc )

X

( s − 1)

21. An open loop system represented by the transfer function G(s) = is

( s + 2 ) ( s + 3)

(A) Stable and of the minimum phase type

(B) Stable and of the non - minimum phase type

(C) Unstable and of the minimum phase type

(D) Unstable and of non-minimum phase type

Answer: - (B)

Exp: - Open loop system stability is depends only on pole locations ⇒ system is stable

There is one zero on right half of s-plane so system is non – minimum phase

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22. The bridge circuit shown in the figure below is used for the measurement of an

unknown element ZX. The bridge circuit is best suited when ZX is a

R2

C1

+

VS ~ D

R4

ZX

(A) low Q inductor (B) lossy capacitor

Answer: - (C)

23. A dual trace oscilloscope is set to operate in the ALTernate mode. The control

input of the multiplexer used in the y-circuit is fed with a signal having a

frequency equal to

(A) the highest frequency that the multiplexer can operate properly

(B) twice the frequency of the time base (sweep) oscillator

(C) the frequency of the time base (sweep) oscillator

(D) haif the frequency of the time base (sweep) oscillator

Answer: - (C)

X

Y

Answer: - (A)

Exp: - y = x.x + x.x = x + x = 1

(A) taken by the SCR turn of

(B) required for the SCR current to become zero

(C) for which the SCR is reverse biased by the commutation circuit

(D) for which the SCR is reverse biased to reduce its current below the holding

current

Answer: - (C)

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26. Solution of the variables x1 and x2 for the following equations is to be obtained by

employing the Newton-Raphson iterative method.

equation (i) 10x2 sin x1 – 0.8 = 0

equation (ii) 10x22 -10x2 Cos x1 – 0.6 = 0

Assuming the initial valued x1 = 0.0 and x2 = 1.0, the jacobian matrix is

10 − 0.8 10 0

(A) (B)

0 − 0.6 0 10

0 − 0.8 10 0

(C) (D)

10 − 0.6 10 − 10

Answer: - (B)

Exp: - 10x2 sin x1 − 0.5 = 0 ….(i)

∂ (i ) ∂ (i )

∂x1 ∂x2 10 0

J= at x1 = 0 and x2 = 1 J=

∂ (ii) ∂ (ii)

0 10

∂x1 ∂x2

(A) a maxima at x = 1 and minimum at x = 5

(B) a maxima at x = 1 and minimum at x = -5

(C) only maxima at x = 1 and

(D) only a minimum at x = 5

Answer: - (C)

Exp: - f ( x ) = 2x − x2 + 3

f ' ( x ) = 0 ⇒ 2 − 2x = 0 ⇒ x = 1

equivalent circuit with an ideal capacitor Cp in parallel with a resistor RP. The

value Cp is found to be 0.102 µ F and the value of Rp = 1.25 M Ω . Then the power

loss and tan ∂ of the lossy capacitor operating at the rated voltage, respectively,

are

(A) 10 W and 0.0002 (B) 10 W and 0.0025

Answer: - (C)

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29. Let the Laplace transform of a function F(t) which exists for t > 0 be F1(s) and

the Laplace transform of its delayed version f(1- τ ) be F2(s). Let F1*(s) be the

complex conjugate of F1(s) with the Laplace variable set as s= σ + jw . If G(s) =

F2 (s).F1 * (s)

2

, then the inverse Laplace transform of G(s) is

F1 (s)

Answer: - (B)

Exp: - F2 ( t ) = L {f ( t − τ )} = e−STF1 ( S )

e− sτF1 ( s ) .F1* ( s )

G (S) = = e− sτ

F1 ( s )

2

G ( t ) = L−1 {G ( S )} = δ ( t − τ )

30. A zero mean random signal is uniformly distributed between limits –a and +a

and its mean square value is equal to its variance. Then the r.m.s value of the

signal is

a a

(A) (B) (C) a 2 (D) a 3

3 2

Answer: - (A)

( a − ( − a) )

2

4a2 a2 a

Exp: - Variance = = = ; R.M.S value = var iance =

12 12 3 3

31. A 220 V, DC shunt motor is operating at a speed of 1440 rpm. The armature

resistance is 1.0 Ω and armature current is 10A. of the excitation of the machine

is reduced by 10%, the extra resistance to be put in the armature circuit to

maintain the same speed and torque will be

(A) 1.79 Ω (B) 2.1 Ω (C) 18.9 Ω (D) 3.1 Ω

Answer: - (A)

Exp: - Ia1 = 10

Now flux is decreased by 10%, so φ2 = 0.9φ1

10

Torque is constant so Ia1φ1 = Ia2 φ2 ⇒ Ia2 = = 11.11A

0.9

Eb N1 E φ 220 − Ia1r1 0.9φ1

Nα ⇒ = b1 × 2 = ×

φ N2 Eb2 φ1 220 − Ia2 (r1 + R ) φ1

210 × 0.9

1= ⇒ 1 + R = 2.79 ⇒ R = 1.79Ω

220 − 11.11 (1 + R )

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32. A load center of 120MW derives power from two power stations connected by

220kV transmission lines of 25km and 75km as shown in the figure below. The

three generators G1,G2 and G3 are of 100MW capacity each and have identical

fuel cost characteristics. The minimum loss generation schedule for supplying the

120 MW load is

25 km 75 km ~

~

~

75 km

(A) P2 = 20MW (B) P2 = 30MW + losses

P3 = 20MW P3 = 30MW

P1 = 40MW P1 = 30MW + losses

(C) P2 = 40MW (D) P2 = 45MW

P3 = 40MW + losses P3 = 45MW

Answer: - (A)

Exp: - Loss α p2 ; Loss α length

For checking all options only option A gives less losses.

33. The open loop transfer function G(s) of a unity feedback control system is given

as

2

k s +

3

G ( s ) = 2

s (s + 2)

From the root locus, it can be inferred that when k tends to positive infinity,

(A) Three roots with nearly equal real parts exist on the left half of the s-plane

(B) One real root is found on the right half of the s-plane

(C) The root loci cross the jω axis for a finite value of k ; k ≠ 0

(D) Three real roots are found on the right half of the s-plane

Answer: - (A)

2

−2 − −

Exp: - Centroid σ = 3 = −6 + 2 = − 4 = − 2

3 −1 6 6 3

Asymptotes =

(29 ± 1) 180

p−z x O x

180

θ1 = = 90

2

18 × 3

θ2 = = 2700

2

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34. A portion of the main program to call a subroutine SUB in an 8085 environment

is given below.

:

:

LXI D,DISP

LP : CALL SUB

:

It is desired that control be returned to LP+DISP+3 when the RET instruction is

executed in the subroutine. The set of instructions that precede the RET

instruction in the subroutine are

POP H XTHL

POP D DAD D POP H INX D

INX H

(A) DAD H (B) (C) DAD D (D) INX D

INX H

PUSH D INX H PUSH H INX D

PUSH H XTHL

Answer: - (C)

35. The transistor used in the circuit shown below has a β of 30 and ICBO is negligible

15k 2.2k

1k D

VBE = 0.7V

VCE(sat ) = 0.2V

Vz = 5V

−12V

If the forward voltage drop of diode is 0.7V, then the current through collector

will be

(A) 168 mA (B) 108 mA (C) 20.54mA (D) 5.36 mA

Answer: - (D)

Exp: - Transistor is in Saturation region

12 − 0.2

IC = = 5.36 mA

2.2K

M iM iL = 10A

+

0.1µF A iA

200 V LOAD

1 mH

−

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If the maximum value of load current is 10A, then the maximum current through

the main (M) and auxiliary (A) thyristors will be

(A) iM max = 12 A and iA max = 10 A (B) iM max = 12 A and iA max = 2 A

Answer: - (A)

C 0.1µ

iM max = Io + ICpeak = Io + VS = 10 + 200 = 12A

Exp: - L 1m

iA max = Io = 10A

2 1

37. The matrix A = is decomposed into a product of a lower triangular

4 −1

matrix [L] and an upper triangular matrix [U]. The properly decomposed [L] and

[U] matrices respectively are

1 0 1 1 2 0 1 1

(A) and (B) and

4 −1 0 − 2 4 −1 0 1

1 0 2 1 2 0 1 1.5

(C) and (D) and

4 1 0 −1 4 −3 0 1

Answer: - (D)

Exp: - A = L

U ⇒ Option D is correct

1 3

38. The two vectors [1,1,1] and 1, a, a2 , where a = − + j , are

2 2

(A) Orthonormal (B) Orthogonal (C) Parallel (D) Collinear

Answer: - (B)

Exp: - Dot product of two vectors = 1 + a + a2 = 0

So orthogonal

39. A three –phase 440V, 6 pole, 50Hz, squirrel cage induction motor is running at a

slip of 5%. The speed of stator magnetic field to rotor magnetic field and speed

of rotor with respect to stator magnetic field are

(A) zero, - 5 rpm (B) zero, 955 rpm

(C) 1000rpm, -5rpm (D) 1000rpm, 955rpm

120 × f 120 × 50

Exp: NS = = = 1000 rpm ; Rotor speed = NS − SNS = 950 r.p.m

P 6

Stator magnetic field speed = NS = 1000r.p.m

Rotor magnetic field speed = NS = 1000r.p.m

Relative speed between stator and rotor magnetic fields is zero

Rotor speed with respect to stator magnetic field is = 950 − 1000 = −50 r.p.m

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dielectric breakdown strength of 50kV/cm. The permittivity of free space is

8.85pF/m. If the rectangular plates of the capacitor have a width of 20cm and a

length of 40cm, then the maximum electric charge in the capacitor is

(A) 2µC (B) 4µC (C) 8µC (D) 10µC

Answer: - (C)

ε.A V

Exp:- q = CV = × V = ε.A = εr ε0 A × E = 2.26 × 8.85 × 10−14 × 50 × 103 × 20 × 40 = 8µc

d d

41. The response h(t) of a linear time invariant system to an impulse δ ( t ) , under

initially relaxed condition is h ( t ) = e− t + e−2t . The response of this system for a

unit step input u(t) is

( ) (

(A) u ( t ) + e− t + e−2t (B) e− t + e−2t u ( t ) (C) 1.5 − e− t − 0.5e−2t u ( t ) )

(D) e−1 δ ( t ) + e−2tu ( t )

Answer: - (C)

1 1

Exp: - L (Impulse response) = T.F = +

( S + 1) ( S + 2 )

1 1

−1 1 1 0.5 0.5

Step response = L−1 + = L − + −

S ( S + 1) S ( S + 2 ) (S + 2)

S S + 1 S

(

= 1 − e− t + 0.5 − 0.5e−2t u ( t ) )

= (1.5 − e −t

)

− 0.5e−2t u ( t )

42. The direct axis and quadrature axis reactance’s of a salient pole alternator are

1.2p.u and 1.0p.u respectively. The armature resistance is negligible. If this

alternator is delivering rated kVA at upf and at rated voltage then its power angle

is

(A) 300 (B) 450 (C) 600 (D) 900

Answer: - (B)

Ia ( x q cos θ + ra sin θ )

Exp: - Tan δ =

Vt + Ia ( x q sin θ − ra cos θ )

x d = 1.2p.u; x q = 1.p.u ;ra = 0

Tan δ = 1 ⇒ δ = 450

43. A 4 1 2 digit DMM has the error specification as : 0.2% of reading + 10 counts. If

a dc voltage of 100V is read on its 200V full scale, the maximum error that can

be expected in the reading is

(A) ±0.1% (B) ±0.2% (C) ±0.3% (D) ±0.4%

Answer: - (C)

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44. A three – bus network is shown in the figure below indicating the p.u.

impedances of each element.

1 2 3

j0.1

0.3 −0.2 0 −15 5 0

(A) j −0.2 0.12 0.08

(B) j 5 7.5

−12.5

0 0.08 0.02 0 −12.5 2.5

(C) j 0.2 0.12 −0.08 (D) j 5 7.5 12.5

0 −0.08 0.10 0 12.5 −10

Answer: - (B)

EXP:-

1 1

Y11 = + = − j15

j0.1 j0.2

1

R ( s) + + Y (s)

- - s ( s+1)

ks

(A) Peak overshoot

(B) Natural frequency of oscillation

(C) Phase shift of the closed loop transfer function at very low frequencies

( ω → 0)

(D) Phase shift of the closed loop transfer function at very low frequencies

(ω → ∞)

Answer: - (A)

EXP:-

Y (S) 1

=

R ( S) S + (k + 1) S + 1

2

k + 1 −πξ / (1−ξ2 )

2ξwn = k + 1 ⇒ ξ = ; Peak over shoot = e

2

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QB

J Q T Q

> >

k Q Q

CLK

It the state QA QB of the counter at the clock time tn is ‘10’ then the state QA QB

of the counter at tn + 3 (after three clock cycles ) will be

(A) 00 (B) 01 (C) 10 (D) 11

Answer: - (C)

EXP:-

Clock Input Output

JA =QB K A =QB TB= QA QA QB

Initial state 1 0

1 1 0 1 1 1

2 0 1 1 0 0

3 1 0 0 1 0

1k

D

Vi VO

~ vz = 10V

5V

transfer characteristics of the circuit is

10

Vo

Vo

4.3 4.3

(A) (B)

4.3 10

4.3

Vi

Vi

10

Vo Vo

(C) (D)

5.7

−5.7

10

−0.7 5.7

Vi Vi

−5.7

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Answer: - (C)

Exp: -

When -0.7V<Vi < 5.7V outputwillfollowinput,because zener diode andnormal diodes are off

When Vi ≤ −0.7V Zener diode forwardbias and V0 = −0.7 V

When Vi ≥ 5.7V Diode is forwardbias and V0 = 5.7 V

vi = 100 2 sin (100πt ) V

The current drawn by the converter is

ii = 10 2 sin (100πt − π / 3 ) + 5 2 sin ( 300πt + π / 4 ) + 2 2 sin (500πt − π / 6 ) A

(A) 0.31 (B ) 0.44 (C) 0.5 (D ) 0.71

Answer: - (C)

Exp: - Input power factor is depends on fundamental components

π

V ( t ) = 100 2 sin (100πt ) V; I ( t ) = 10 2 sin 100πt −

3

π

cos φ = cos = 0.5

3

( A ) 181 W (B ) 500 W (C) 707 W (D ) 887 W

Answer: - (B)

Exp: - P = V1(r.m.s)I1(r.m.s) cos θ1 + V3,rms I3,rms cos ( θ3 ) +V5,rms I5,rms cos ( θ5 )

π

V3,rms = 0 ; V5,rms = 0; P = V1,rms I1,rms cos ( θ1 ) = 100 × 10 cos = 500 Watts

3

IS

IRL

IC VS = 1 ∠ 0V

R

VS ~

C (D ) 94 A

L

IRL = 2 ∠ − π/4A

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(A) 0.5 W (B ) 1 W (C) 2W (D ) 2 W

Answer: - (B)

Exp: - Total power delivered by the source = power dissipated in ‘R’

π

P = VI cos θ = 1 × 2 cos = 1W

4

1 1

(D ) − j2 A (B ) −j A (C) +j A (D ) + j2A

2 2

Answer: - (D)

π π

Exp: - IC = IS − IRL = 2∠ − 2∠ − = j2A

4 4

Two generator units G1 and G2 are connected by 15 kV line with a bus at the

mid-point as shown below.

1 3 2

L1 L2

~ ~

10km 10km

G1 15kV 15kV

G1 = 250 MVA, 15kV, positive sequence reactance X = 25% on its own base

G2 = 100 MVA, 15kV, positive sequence reactance X = 10 % on its own base

L1 and L2 = 10km, positive sequence reactance X = 0.225 Ω / km

3 2

~ ~

2

~ ~

(C) 3

~ ~

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3

~ ~

Answer: - (A)

Exp: - XL1 = 0.225 × 10 = 2.25Ω

XL2 = 0.225 × 10 = 2.25Ω

Take 100MVA s 15 kV as base

For generator (G1)

100

X g1 = 0.25 × = 0.1p.u

25

For Transmission Line (L1 and L2)

(15)

2

ZBase = = 2.25Ω

100

2.25

XTL1 (p.u) = = 1p.u

2.25

XTL2 (p.u) = 1p.u

For generator (G2)

100

X g2 (p.u) = 0.1 × = 0.1 p.u

100

53. In the above system, the three-phase fault MVA at the bus 3 is

(A) 82.55 MVA (B ) 85.11MVA ( C ) 170.91MVA (D ) 181.82 MVA

Answer: - (A)

Exp: - X Th1 = 1.1|| 1.1 = 0.55

Base MVA 100

Fault (MVA) = = = 181.82 MVA

fault Thevenin' s Impedance 0.55

A solar energy installation utilize a three – phase bridge converter to feed energy

into power system through a transformer of 400V/400 V, as shown below.

Filter Choke

Battery

through a large filter choke of resistance 10Ω .

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( A ) 14 A (B ) 40 A ( C ) 80 A (D ) 94 A

Answer: - (A)

Exp: - V0 = Iara + E

3 6Vphase

(V0 )max = (∵ cos α = 1)

π

= Iara + E

540.2 = Ia (10 ) + 400

Ia = 14A

( A ) 53.2 kVA (B ) 46.0 kVA ( C ) 22.6 kVA 3

Answer: -

6 6

Exp: - KVA rating = 3VL IL = 3VL Io = 3 × 400 × × 14 = 7562VA

π π

56. There are two candidates P and Q in an election. During the campaign, 40% of

the voters promised to vote for P, and rest for Q. However, on the day of election

15% of the voters went back on their promise to vote for P and instead voted for

Q. 25% of the voters went back on their promise to vote for Q and instead voted

for P. Suppose, P lost by 2 votes, then what was the total number of voters?

(A) 100 (B) 110 (C) 90 (D) 95

Answer: - (A)

Exp: - P Q

40% 60%

−6% + 6%

+15% − 15%

49% 51%

∴ 2% = 2

100% = 100

57. Choose the most appropriate word from the options given below to complete the

following sentence:

It was her view that the country's problems had been_________ by

foreign technocrats, so that to invite them to come back would be

counter-productive.

(A) Identified (B) ascertained (C) Texacerbated (D) Analysed

Answer: - (C)

Exp: -The clues in the question are ---foreign technocrats did something negatively to

the problems – so it is counter-productive to invite them. All other options are

non-negative. The best choice is exacerbated which means aggravated or

worsened.

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58. Choose the word from the options given below that is most nearly opposite in

meaning to the given word:

Frequency

(A) periodicity (B) rarity

(C) gradualness (D) persistency

Answer: - (B)

Exp: - The best antonym here is rarity which means shortage or scarcity.

59. Choose the most appropriate word from the options given below to complete the

following sentence: Under ethical guidelines recently adopted by the

Indian Medical Association, human genes are to be manipulated only to

correct diseases for which______________ treatments are

unsatisfactory.

(A) Similar (B) Most (C) Uncommon (D) Available

Answer: - (D)

Exp: - The context seeks to take a deviation only when the existing/present/current/

alternative treatments are unsatisfactory. So the word for the blank should be a

close synonym of existing/present/current/alternative. Available is the closest of

all.

60. The question below consists of a pair of related words followed by four pairs of

words. Select the pair that best expresses the relation in the original pair:

Gladiator : Arena

(A) dancer : stage (B) commuter: train

(C) teacher : classroom (D) lawyer : courtroom

Answer: - (D)

Exp: - The given relationship is worker: workplace. A gladiator is (i) a person, usually a

professional combatant trained to entertain the public by engaging in mortal

combat with another person or a wild.(ii) A person engaged in a controversy or

debate, especially in public.

speeds is indicated in the graph below.

120

(kilometers per litre)

90

Fuel consumption

60

30

0

0 15 30 45 60 75 90

Speed

(kilometers per hour)

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The distances covered during four laps of the journey are listed in the table below

Lap Distance (kilometers) Average speed

(kilometers per hour)

P 15 15

Q 75 45

R 40 75

S 10 10

From the given data, we can conclude that the fuel consumed per kilometre was

least during the lap

(A) P (B) Q (C) R (D) S

Answer: - (A)

Exp: - Fuel consumption Actual

15 1

P 60 km / l = l

60 4

75 5

Q 90 km / l = l

90 6

40 8

R 75 km / l = l

75 15

10 1

S 30 km / l = l

30 3

62. Three friends, R, S and T shared toffee from a bowl. R took 1/3rd of the toffees,

but returned four to the bowl. S took 1/4th of what was left but returned three

toffees to the bowl. T took half of the remainder but returned two back into the

bowl. If the bowl had 17 toffees left, how many toffees-were originally there in

the bowl?

(A) 38 (B) 31 (C) 48 (D) 41

Answer: - (C)

Exp: - Let the total number of toffees is bowl e x

1

R took of toffees and returned 4 to the bowl

3

1

∴ Number of toffees with R = x−4

3

2

Remaining of toffees in bowl = x+ 4

3

1 2

Number of toffees with S = x + 4 − 3

4 3

3 2

Remaining toffees in bowl = x + 4 + 4

4 3

1 3 2

Number of toffees with T = x + 4 + 4 + 2

2 4 3

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1 3 2

Remaining toffees in bowl = x + 4 + 4 + 2

2 4 3

1 3 2 3 2

Given, x + 4 + 4 + 2 = 17 ⇒

2 4 3 3 x + 4 = 27 ⇒ x = 48

4

63. Given that f(y) = | y | / y, and q is any non-zero real number, the value of

| f(q) - f(-q) | is

(A) 0 (B) -1 (C) 1 (D) 2

Answer: - (D)

y q −q −q

Exp: - Given, f(y) = ⇒ f ( q) = ; f ( −q ) = =

y q −q q

q q 2q

f ( q) − f ( q) = + = =2

q q q

(A) ( 4 / 81) 10n+1 − 9n − 1 (B) ( 4 / 81) 10n−1 − 9n − 1

Answer: - (C)

4

Exp: - Let S=4 (1 + 11 + 111 + ……..) = (9 + 99 + 999 + .......)

9

=

4

9

{ ( ) (

(10 − 1) + 102 − 1 + 103 − 1 + ......... ) }

4 10n − 1 ( )

=

4

9

{(

10 + 102 + ......10n − n = 10

9

) } 9

− n =

4

81

10n+1 − 9n − 10 { }

65. The horse has played a little known but very important role in the field of

medicine. Horses were injected with toxins of diseases until their blood built up

immunities. Then a serum was made from their blood. Serums to fight with

diphtheria and tetanus were developed this way.

It can be inferred from the passage that horses were

(A) given immunity to diseases (B) generally quite immune to diseases

(C) given medicines to fight toxins (D) given diphtheria and tetanus serums

Answer: - (B)

Exp: - From the passage it cannot be inferred that horses are given immunity as in (A),

since the aim is to develop medicine and in turn immunize humans. (B) is correct

since it is given that horses develop immunity after some time. Refer “until their

blood built up immunities”. Even (C) is invalid since medicine is not built till

immunity is developed in the horses. (D) is incorrect since specific examples are

cited to illustrate and this cannot capture the essence.

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