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Types of Cooling Towers

I. According to type of air flow

Natural Draft Cooling Tower


Natural draft cooling tower manufacturer create cooling tower that rely on natural convention to
circulate the air completely through the tower, which then cools with the help of cold water. Air
movement takes place because of difference in density between the air that enters inside and the
one that is already inside within the tower. The warm and moist air is denser as compared to the
cool air and therefore, it rises through the tower. The dry and cool air from outside the tower will
fall in, creating a constant cycle of air flow.

Forced Draft Cooling Tower

A forced draft cooling tower manufacturer designs a cooling tower like a natural draft but equipped
with fans. The fans installed in the forced draft cooling towers at the air inlet, is for the forced-
draft movement or on a deck above the fills that help to induce air flow.

II. According to Air and Water Contact


Crossflow cooling towers
Crossflow cooling towers use a splash fill that
allows in-flowing to air move in a horizontal path
over the stream of water from the upper
reservoirs. Crossflow systems are some of the
more expensive equipment types, but they are
also some of the easiest to maintain. However,
these cooling systems are more vulnerable to frost
than others.

Counterflow cooling towers


In a counterflow system, the in-flowing air travels
in a vertical path over the splash fill as the water
streams down from the reservoir above.
Counterflow systems are usually smaller than
their crossflow counterparts. These cooling
towers are more expensive due to the fact that
more energy is needed to push the air upward
against the down-flowing water.

III. According to Ways of Cooling Water

Open Circuit Cooling Tower


A direct, open circuit cooling tower is an enclosed
structure that distributes warm water over a labyrinth-
like packing, or fill, which provides an expanded air-
water interface for heating of the air and evaporation to
take place. The water is cooled as it falls through the fill,
and is then collected isn a cold water basin below. The
heated moisture-laden air leaving the fill is discharged
into the atmosphere.
Closed Circuit Cooling Tower
A closed circuit cooling tower, or dry cooling tower,
involves no contact between the air and the fluid
being cooled. This tower has two separate fluid
circuits, one in which the fluid is recirculated on the
outside of the second circuit, which is a bundle of
tubes through which the hot water is flowing. The
air drawn through this cascading water provides
evaporative cooling similar to an open cooling
tower, except that the cooled water never makes
direct contact with the air.

Importance of Cooling Towers

The excessive production procedure of the factories in the industrial sector keeps on the
excessive outcome of heat as by-product. This led to the cooling tower manufacturers to come
into being. There are loads of ways to decrease the temperatures in the industrial sectors, but the
most effective and cheaper way of resolving this problem is the installation of a cooling tower in
the factories. These cooling towers are the pieces of equipment that are utilized for the heat
elimination purposes. These devices basically extract waste heat, produced as the by-products in
the industrial segments, into the environment through the cooling of a stream of water to a lower
temperature.
The industrial cooling towers are a very much new and important concept which is required in
the factories especially in the factories which give up a very high rate of heat into the
atmosphere, like the nuclear power plants, or chemical refineries, or petroleum refineries, etc.
The most important use of huge, industrial cooling towers is to eliminate the heat or the high
temperatures that are captivated in the circulating systems of the cooling water that are used.