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Workshop 1 - Turbomachinery

Conservation Principles Applications

Name: Id. Code:

Name: Id. Code:

Name: Id. Code:

Instructions
Solve each exercise in an orderly way, specifying each of the assumptions made to use each equation in
a specific way.
Set out, develop and apply each equation step by step, indicating as clearly as possible the procedure
and analysis performed.

Make diagrams and indicate the control volume where necessary.


Indicate and highlight the final result at each exercise.
Develop and deliver the workshop in groups of up to 3 people.

1. First Exercise
gal
Water at 20◦ C is pumped at 1500 min rate from a low tank to a higher one as shown in the Figure 1.
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Head losses due to friction in the pipe are approximated by the ratio hL = 27 V2g2 where V is the average
velocity in the pipe. If the pump has an 75 % efficiency, what power in horsepower is needed to pump the
fluid?

Figura 1: Diagram of the First Exercise.

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2. Second Exercise
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Water enters axially to a centrifugal pump, at atmospheric pressure, at a 0,12 ms rate and at 7 m
s velocity,
and exits at normal direction along the housing, as shown in Figure 2. Determine the force acting on the
rotor shaft (which is also the force acting on the rotor bearing) in the axial direction.

Figura 2: Diagram of the Second Exercise.

3. Third Exercise
A glass manometer, with oil as working fluid, is connected to an air duct as shown in the Figure 3. Will
the oil flow in the manometer as seen in Figure 3a or as seen in 3b? Explain. What would be your answer if
the flow direction were reversed?

(a)

(b)

Figura 3: Diagram of the Third Exercise.

4. Fourth Exercise
The pump-turbine system of Figure 4 takes water from the elevated tank during the day to produce
energy to a city. At night, it pumps water from the low tank to the higher tank to restart the cycle. For
gal
a design flow of 15000 min in each direction, friction head losses are 17f t. Estimate the power in kW (a)
produced by the turbine, and (b) consumed by the pump.

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Figura 4: Diagram of the Forth Exercise.