Sie sind auf Seite 1von 16

Cutler-Hammer Reduced Voltage Motor Control

J4-1
January 1999 Motor Starters – NEMA Magnetic
General Description

Starter Selection Guide than one type starter will meet the application
requirements, reference to the table below will
In general, the application will determine the show which starter is best suited for the appli-
type of starter required. In cases where more cation.

Starter Type Starting Characteristics Expressed in % of Remarks


Rated Values (Approx.)
Motor Motor Line Torque
Voltage Current Current
Autotransformer
Class ECA42
80% Tap 80 80 67➀ 64 The adjustable voltage taps permit wide adjustment of characteristics
65% Tap 65 65 45➀ 42 in the field.
50% Tap 50 50 28➀ 25
Part Winding 100 65 65 50 Requires part winding closed transition motor. A nine-lead 230/460-volt dual
Class ECA45 voltage motor may be used in 230-volt applications. Closed transition.
Wye-Delta 100 33 33 33 Requires delta wound motor with wye connections. Ideal for long accelerations.
Class ECA48 Closed transition is available.
Class ECA51

General Application may exceed the mechanical limitations of the release, where power is applied to the motor
load or electrical limitations of the source, after a power failure, can be obtained by using
The following factors should be considered or both. a 2-wire pilot device (temperature, switch,
when applying reduced-voltage starters to a etc.). Low-voltage protection, where power is
squirrel cage motor-driven load. A reduced-voltage or reduced-inrush starter not applied to the motor after a power failure
will reduce both starting current and starting until restarted by an operator, can be ob-
1. The motor characteristics which will sat- torque. Care must be taken when meeting tained by using 3-wire control such as START
isfy the starting requirements of the load. power company limitations that the motor STOP push buttons.
will produce sufficient torque to accelerate
2. The source of power and the effect the the load to near rated speed. Closed transition Wye-Delta types require
motor starting current will have on the adequate ventilation to remove resistor heat.
line voltage. Part-winding starters are suited to low start-
ing torque loads such as fans, blowers and Cutler-Hammer also offers a line of solid-
3. The load characteristics and the effect the m-g sets. Autotransformer starters should be state reduced-voltage starters known as
motor starting torque will have on the used with “hard to start” loads such as recip- Easy-start.
driven parts during acceleration. rocating compressors, grinding mills, and
pumps. Wye-Delta starters are applicable to Solid-state starters are ideally suited for
The starter protection required to protect high inertia loads with long acceleration many loads including conveyor applications
the load, motor, starter, cables and power times which as centrifugal compressors since they provide controlled acceleration
source during overload, undervoltage and and centrifuges. from zero to full load.
fault conditions.
UL Listing – Combination E176513,
A typical NEMA B motor started with full volt- All starters, in addition to overload protection, Non-Combination E19224
age will develop as much as 150% full-load will provide either low-voltage release or
torque when started with a starting current of
around 600% full-load current. These values
low-voltage protection depending upon the J
pilot device used with the starter. Low-voltage

Starting Characteristics

700 700 700


Full Voltage Starting Full Voltage Starting
Line Current, % of Full Load
Line Current, % of Full Load
Line Current, % of Full Load

600 600 600

500 500 500


Part Winding Starting
400 400 400
Wye-Delta Starting KVA
300 300 300
(Closed Transition)
200 200 200
Autotransformer Full Load Current Torque
Starting on 65% Tap 100 100
100
Full Load Current 0
0 0
Motor Speed Full Load 20 40 60 80 100
Motor Speed Full Load
Speed Speed Motor Speed Full Load Speed

Autotransformer Starting Wye-Delta or Part Winding Starting Solid-State Starter

➀ Includes autotransformer magnetizing current.

CAT.71.01.T.E
Reduced Voltage Motor Control Cutler-Hammer
J4-2 Motor Starters – NEMA Magnetic January 1999

Part-Winding Type

Description Operation (Refer to schematic diagram) Opening the STOP button or other pilot
Part-Winding starting provides convenient, Closing the START button or other pilot de- device de-energizes contactors (1M), (2M)
economical one-step acceleration at reduced vice energizes the start contactor (1M) which and timer (TR), removing the motor from
current where the power company specifies a seals in through its interlock (1M) and ener- the line.
maximum or limits the increments of current gizes the timer (TR). The (1M) contacts con-
Contactor Sequence
drawn from the line. These starters can be nect the first half-winding of the motor across
used with nine-lead dual-voltage motors on the line. After a preset time interval, the timer Contactor Start Run
the lower voltage and with special part- (TRTC) contact closes energizing contactor 1M ● ●
winding motors designed for any voltage. (2M). The (2M) contact connect the second
When used with dual-voltage motors, it half-winding of the motor across-the-line.
2M ●
should be established that the torque pro-
duced by the first half-winding will accelerate Typical Schematic Diagram
the load sufficiently so as not to produce a
second undesirable inrush when the second Part Winding 1M OL Select Overload Heater Packs for 50%
T1 of Rated Full Load Motor Current
L1 L1 #1
half-winding is connected to the line. Most L2 L2
CKT BKR
or #2
T2
Motor
motors will produce a starting torque equal to L3 L3
SW & FU
#3
T3
between 1/2 to 2/3 of NEMA standard values 2M OL T7
with half of the winding energized and draw T8
about 2/3 of normal line current inrush. T9
TBX2
Stopped
1M
Design Features 7 8
G
Run
Contactors – (1M) (2M)
R
A three-pole contactor (1M) connects only the Start 1M
(1M) (2M)
Stop A1 A2 TB4 OL A OL
first half-winding of the motor for reduced TB1 TB1 TB2 TB3
95 96 95 96
inrush current on starting (see table below for On-Delay 1.5 – 15 Sec.
PS 1M TR
size). A three-pole contactor (2M) connects Auto 2 7
TB1 TB1 TB3 E
the second half-winding of the motor for Off 2M
running (see table below for size). Hand
T.C. = Timed Closing 8 TR 6 5 A1 A2

T.C.
Maximum NEMA Size
Hp
Starter Contactor
(1M) (2M) Reduced Voltage Enclosures (Refer to page J4-5 for dimensions)
230 Volts, 60 Hz Size Freedom ECN Box Number Freedom ECN Box Numer
15 1 PW 1 1 NEMA 1 3R, 4X, 12 NEMA 1 3R, 4X, 12
25 2 PW 2 2
50 3 PW 3 3 Class 45: Partwinding – Non-combination
75 4 PW 4 4
150 5 PW 5 5 2PW 3 7 7➁ 7
300 6 PW 6 6 3PW-4PW 9 9 9➁ 9
460-575 Volts, 60 Hz 5PW E E E➁ E
15 1 PW 1 1 Class 46: Partwinding – With Disconnect
40 2 PW 2 2 Class 47: Partwinding – With Thermal Magnetic Trip CB
75 3 PW 3 3
150 4 PW 4 4 2PW-4PW E E E E
J 350
600
5 PW
6 PW
5
6
5
6

Overload Relay – (OL)


Two three-pole type B overload relays
provide starting and running overcurrent
protection.

Timing Relay – (TR)


An electrically operated pneumatic relay
provides accurate, adjustable start-to-run
transfer timing.

Other Types
Part-winding Type ECN45 starters are also
available in combination (Type 46 and 47),
reversing and three point (primary resistor)
types.

➀ 76- and 90-inch enclosures are floor mounted.


➁ Advantage utilizes a NEMA 12 enclosure.

CAT.71.01.T.E
Cutler-Hammer Reduced Voltage Motor Control
J4-3
January 1999 Motor Starters – NEMA Magnetic
Wye-Delta Type

Description Operation (Refer to schematic diagram) de-energizes the timer (TR) opening timer
Wye-Delta type starters are applied exten- Closing the START button or other pilot device (TRTC) thus energizing contactor (2S).
sively to industrial air conditioning installa- energizes contactor (1S) whose contacts con-
tions because they are particularly suited for nect the motor in a wye connection. Interlock An overload, opening the STOP button or
starting motors driving high inertia loads (1S) closes, energizing contactor (1M) and other pilot device de-energizes contactors
with resulting long acceleration times. They timer (TR). The (1M) contacts energize the (1M) and (2M), removing the motor from the
are not, however, limited to this application. motor windings in a wye. After a preset time line. (TRP) de-energizes and locks out the
When six- or twelve-lead delta-connected interval, timer (TRTC) contact closes energiz- control circuit if the duty cycle of the transi-
motors are started wye-connected, approxi- ing contactor (2S). Interlock (2S) opens, drop- tion resistors is exceeded.
mately 58% of line voltage is applied to each ping out contactor (1S). The motor is now
winding and the motor develops 33% of energized in series with the resistors. Interlock Wye-Delta Class ECN51 closed transition start-
full-voltage starting torque and draws 33% of (1S) closes, energizing contactor (2M), bypass- ers are also available in combination types
normal locked-rotor current from the line. ing the resistors and energizing the delta con- and Class ECN48 open transition non-combi-
When the motor is accelerated, it is recon- nected motor at full voltage. Interlock opens, nation and combination starters.
nected for normal data operation.
Typical Schematic Diagram
Design Features
Wye-Delta
Closed Transition 2M
Contactors – (1S) (1M) (2S) (2M) L1 L1 CKT BKR #1
T6
T4
A three-pole contactor (1S)➀ shorts the L2 L2 or #2
T5
L3 L3 SW & FU #3
motor leads T4-T5-T6 during starting to con- 1S 1S
nect motor in wye (see table below for size). 2S
1S

T2B
T3B
T1B
A three-pole contactor (1M) energizes motor Select Overload Heater Coils

Resistor
Resistor
Resistor
leads T1-T2-T3 for both wye and delta con- for 58% of Rated Full Load
Motor Current
nections (see table below for size). 1M OL T1
T1A T2 Motor
A three-pole contactor (2S) connects resis- T2A T3
T3A
tors in series with the motor windings during Stopped
1S 2M TBX2
the start-to-run transition period (see table 5 5 7 8
G
below for size).
Run
R
A three-pole contactor (2M) energizes the On-Delay 1.5 – 15 Sec. TR
Stop Start
motor leads T4-T5-T6 during running to con- TB1 TB1 TB2 TB3 2
E
7
nect the motor in delta (see table below for 2M 1S
1S 51 2S 52 A1 A2 TB4 1 TRP 4
size).
T.O. 95 96
1M
TRP
Max. NEMA Size 1 TR 3 53 2 7
Hp E
Starter Contactor PS T.C. 2S
Auto A1 A2
(1M) (2M) (1S) (2S) TB1 TB1 TB3
Off 1M T.O. = Timed Opening
1S 54 A1 A2
230 Volts, 60 Hz Hand T.C. = Timed Closing
1M
10 1 YD 1 1 1 1 1S 2M
8 TR 6 55 A1 A2
25 2 YD 2 2 2 1 56
50 3 YD 3 3 3 1 T.C.
75
150
300
4 YD
5 YD
6 YD
4
5
6
4
5
6
4
4
5
2
3
4
J
500 7 YD 7 7 6➀ 5 Reduced Voltage Enclosures (Refer to page J4-5 for dimensions)
800 8 YD 8 8 7➀ 6
Size Freedom ECN Box Number Freedom ECN Box Number
460-575 Volts, 60 Hz
15 1 YD 1 1 1 1 NEMA 1 3R, 4X, 12 NEMA 1 3R, 4X, 12
40 2 YD 2 2 2 1 Classes 48, 51: Wye Delta – Non-combination
75 3 YD 3 3 3 1 Classes 49, 52: Wye Delta – With Disconnect
150 4 YD 4 4 4 2 Classes 50, 53: Wye Delta – With Thermal Magnetic Trip CB
300 5 YD 5 5 4 3
700 6 YD 6 6 5 4 WYD-4YD E E E E
1000 7 YD 7 7 6➀ 5
1500 8 YD 8 8 7➀ 6

➀ 1S is two pole on sizes 7 and 8.

CAT.71.01.T.E
Reduced Voltage Motor Control Cutler-Hammer
J4-4 Motor Starters – NEMA Magnetic January 1999

Autotransformer Type

Description Operation (Refer to schematic diagram) contactor (R) which seals in through its inter-
Autotransformer type starters are the most Closing the START button or other pilot lock (R). The run contacts are now closed, and
widely used reduced-voltage starter because device energizes the start contactor (1S). The the motor is running at full voltage. Start con-
of their efficiency and flexibility. All power interlock (1S) closes, energizing the timing tactor (2S) and relay (TR) are de-energized
taken from the line, except transformer loss- relay (TR) and contactor (2S) which seal in when interlock (R) opens.
es, is transmitted to the motor to accelerate through the interlock (2S). With the (1S) and
the load. Taps on the transformer allow (2S) contactors closed, the motor is connect- An overload, opening the STOP push button
adjustment of the starting torque and inrush ed through the autotransformer for reduced- or other pilot device de-energizes the (R) con-
to meet the requirements of most applica- voltage start. After a preset time interval, the tactor removing the motor from the line.
tions. The following characteristics are (TRTO) contacts time open, de-energizing
produced by the three-voltage taps: contactor (1S) and connecting the autotrans- Other Types
former as a reactor in series with the motor. Autotransformer starters are also available in
Tap Starting Torque Line Inrush Interlock (1S) immediately energizes the run combination and reversing types.
% Locked % Locked
Torque Ampere
Typical Schematic Diagram
50%➀ 25% 28%➁
65% 42% 45%➁ R 3C
80% 64% 67%➁

100%
80%
65%
50%
0%
RVNR AUTOXFMR (3-coil) 2S 1S OL T1
5C 1C
Closed transition is standard on all sizes R 3E T2
Motor
L1 L1 #1

100%
CKT BKR

80%
65%
50%
assuring a smooth transition from reduced to T3

0%
2S 1S
L2 L2 or #2
5E 1E
full voltage. Since the motor is never discon- L3 L3
SW & FU
#3 R 3D
nected from the line there is no interruption

100%
80%
65%
50%
0%
2S 1S
of line current which can cause a second 5D 1D TBX2
inrush during transition.
1S R Stopped
7 8 9 10
Duty cycle of these starters is as follows: up G

to 200 hp, 15 seconds on each 4 minutes for 1 Run


hour, repeated after 2 hours. Over 200 hp, R
three periods of 30 seconds on, 30 seconds On-Delay
off repeated after 1 hour. 1.5 – 15 Sec.
Stop Start TR OL
TB1 TB1 TB2 TB3 2 7 TB4 OTT "C" OTT "E" OTT "D"
E
Design Features 95 96 B C D
8 TR 5 51 R 1S Auto-Transformer
52 A1 A2
Overtemp SWa
Contactors - (1S) (2S) (Run) T.O.
A three-pole (1S)➂ and a three-pole contactor 2S 1S 53 A1
2S
A2
PS
(2S) connect the motor to the autotransform- Auto
2S
er for reduced-voltage starting (see table TB1 TB1
Off
TB3
T.O. = Timed Opening
below for size). Hand 8 TR 6 54 1S
55 A1
R
A2 T.C. = Timed Closing

T.C.
A three-pole contactor (Run) bypasses the au-
totranformer and connects the motor for full-
voltage across-the-line running (see table be-
low for size). Reduced Voltage Enclosures (Refer to page J4-5 for dimensions)
Size Freedom ECN Box Number Freedom ECN Box Number
J Maxi-
mum
Hp
NEMA Size
Starter Contactor
NEMA 1 3R, 4X, 12 NEMA 1 3R, 4X, 12
Class 42: Autotransformer – Non-combination
Run Starting Class 43: Autotransformer – With Disconnect
(1S) (2S) Class 44: Autotransformer – With HMCP
(Three (Three 2-4 E2 E2 E2 E2
Pole) Pole)
230 Volts, 60 Hz
15 2 2 2 2
30 3 3 3 3
50 4 4 4 4
100 5 5 5 5
200 6 6 6 6
300 7 7 6➂ 6
450 8 8 7➂ 7
460-575 Volts, 60 Hz
25 2 2 2 2
50 3 3 3 3
100 4 4 4 4
200 5 5 5 5
400 6 6 6 6
600 7 7 6➂ 6
900 8 8 7➂ 7

➀ Not included 50 hp and below.


➁ Includes transformer magnetizing current.
➂ 1S is two pole on sizes 7 and 8.

CAT.71.01.T.E
Cutler-Hammer Reduced Voltage Motor Control
J4-5
January 1999 Motor Starters – NEMA Magnetic
Dimensions

Dimensions in Inches (mm)


Box Wide A High B Deep C Mounting Ship Weight
A
Number lbs.
Wide D High E
E 28.00 (711) 61.75 (1569) 12.88 (327) 22.50 (572) 60.15 (1528) 180
E2 28.00 (711) 56.10 (1425) 12.76 (324) 22.50 (572) 54.50 (1384) 190
7 16.25 (413) 14.37 (365) 7.51 (191) 11.00 (279) 13.50 (343) 24
9 25.50 (648) 29.10 (739) 9.31 (237) 20.00 (508) 27.50 (699) 72
3 12.65 (321) 14.40 (366) 7.31 (186) 9.75 (248) 11.25 (286) 17

Reduced Voltage Enclosures B


E
Size Freedom ECN Box Number Freedom ECN Box Number
NEMA 1 3R, 4X, 12 NEMA 1 3R, 4X, 12
Class 42: Autotransformer – Non-combination
Class 43: Autotransformer – With Disconnect
Class 44: Autotransformer – With HMCP D
2-4 E2 E2 E2 E2
Class 45: Partwinding – Non-combination
2PW 3 7 7➀ 7 C
3PW-4PW 9 9 9➀ 9
5PW E E E➀ E
Class 46: Partwinding – With Disconnect Box E
Class 47: Partwinding – With Thermal Magnetic Trip CB
2PW-4PW E E E E
Classes 48, 51: Wye Delta – Non-combination
Classes 49, 52: Wye Delta – With Disconnect
Classes 50, 53: Wye Delta – With Thermal Magnetic Trip CB
2YD-4YD E E E E

J
Boxes 7, 9

Boxes 3

➃ Advantage utilizes a NEMA 12 enclosure.

CAT.71.01.T.E
Reduced Voltage Motor Control Cutler-Hammer
J4-6
Solid-State Motor Starters January 1999

General Description

Applications
Cutler-Hammer’s Easy Start solid-state
products can be applied in a wide array of
customer applications. Typical benefits of
solid-state include:
● Reduced starting torque stress on me-
chanical equipment allowing longer life of
belts, gears, pulleys, and motor shafts
commonly weakened during “across-the-
line” starting.
● Reduction of voltage drop during starting
on weak utility systems where the perfor-
mance of nearby equipment would be
negatively affected.
● Reduced inrush current during starting
which will allow better management of
utility peak demand charges.
● Energy savings where light load condi-
tions allow the phase-back of voltage dur-
ing “idle” periods.
● Smooth, stepless starting with an infinite
amount of torque and ramp time settings
allowing superior flexibility over typical
electromechanical starting methods.

Typical applications include:


Centrifugal and Screw Compressors
Material Handling Equipment
Pumps, Fans and Blowers
Food Processing
Machinery
Cranes and Hoists

Enclosure Type
Airborne particulate may be detrimental to
starter performance and reliability, so caution
must be exercised in choosing the enclosure
best suited to the environment. The NEMA
Cutler-Hammer offers a complete family of where few advanced protection features are rating of the enclosure defines its ability to
UL listed solid-state reduced voltage starters required. Available from 10-390 amperes. withstand the ingress of foreign particulate
from 1-750 hp at 460 volt. Ratings at 208/230 as described below:
and 575 volt 60 Hz and 380 volt 50 Hz are also Easy Start ES – Solid-State Starter
available. Units can be mounted in NEMA 1, Full featured starter with Class 20 electronic
J NEMA 12 and open panel construction.
Motor control center mounting is also
overload and advanced motor protection
package (phase loss, current unbalance,
NEMA 1
A general purpose, indoor-type enclosure.
possible utilizing the Easy Start EA allowing undervoltage, and overtemperature protec- NEMA 12
mounting of up to 600 hp in a 20-inch wide tion). Door mounted status and diagnostic A dust-tight and drip-tight enclosure for
Motor Control Center section. Starters in LEDs and an abundance of standard options. indoor industrial applications.
specialty enclosures such as NEMA 4 and 4X, Available from 6-950 amperes.
are also available using a unique and NEMA 4
electrically efficient method of power Easy Start EA – Solid-State Starter with A watertight and dust-tight enclosure for
semiconductor bypass. Advantage Contactor Bypass. either indoor or outdoor use.
This unique product utilizes the SCRs during
Available in 4 different product classes, these the start sequence only, and then a contactor NEMA 4X
starters provide soft-starting of ac induction is closed in parallel to handle continuous cur- Identical to NEMA 4, with the additional
motors. Motor voltage is adjustable by rent during run duty, significantly reducing requirement that the enclosure be corrosion-
means of back-to-back SCRs (silicon con- power losses. This extremely small efficient proof as well.
trolled rectifiers) providing a smooth, step- product is ideal for the space conscious user.
less start (and stop) of the motor driven load. Available from 11-760 amperes.

C514 – Solid-State Controller All Easy Start products include standard ad-
Typically retrofited between an existing elec- justments such as adjustable starting torque,
tromechanical starter and motor. No over- ramp time, and current limit settings. A pat-
load protection is included. Available from ented load sensing circuit that reduces ap-
10-100 amperes. plied voltage during “light load” conditions is
included on all EJ/ES units and can result in
Easy Start EJ – Solid-State Starter energy savings when duty cycles allow. The
Complete starter with Class 10 electronic EA product achieves lower losses by bypass-
overload protection. Ideal for applications ing the less efficient semiconductors.

CAT.71.01.T.E
Cutler-Hammer Reduced Voltage Motor Control J4-7
January 1999 Solid-State Motor Starters
General Description

Solid-State Starters Product Comparison Starting Torque


The reduced voltage applied to the motor
Description Series
results in reduced inrush current and a soft
C514 Easy Start EJ Easy Start ES Easy Start EA start. However, it reduces the starting torque
Range 10-100A 10-390A 6-950A 11-760A of the motor. The relationship is as follows:
Type Controller Starter Starter Starter Torque at reduced current =
Voltage 200-600V 200-600V 200-600V 200-600V Torque at full current
Overload No Class 10 Class 20 Class 10/20
Ramp Type Voltage Voltage Voltage or Current Current
Ramp Time 1-45s 2-70s 1-40s 1-45s Current at reduced voltage 2
Current Limit No 250-500% 200-500% 100-500% Current at full voltage
Initial Torque 40-80% V 20-90% V 20-90% V 100-200% I
Phase Sensitive No Yes Yes Yes EXAMPLE: A 100 hp 1800 rpm 460V NEMA B
Energy Saver No Yes Yes No motor draws six times full load amperes for
Phase Loss No No Standard Standard
starting, and starting torque is 150% of full
LEDs 1 1 9 3
Smooth Stop Option Option Option Option load torque.
Pulse Start No No No Option
Extended Start No No Option No If the same motor is started with Easy Start at
Continuous Duty 100% 100% 120% 115% 300% current limit, then the available torque
would be:
Paralleling Bypass No No No Standard
Open Chassis Yes Yes Yes Yes 2
NEMA 12 Yes Yes (130A Max.) Yes (500A Max.) Yes 300 = 1/4 of full voltage torque
NEMA 3R Yes No No Yes 600
NEMA 4 No No No Yes
NEMA 4X No No No Yes = 1/4 x 150% full load torque = 37.5% full load
Circuit Breaker No No Option Option torque available.

● Individual motor overcurrent protection Open Units


Application and Environmental Open panel units should be mounted in a box
Considerations is provided by others.
● Energy Saver circuit is turned OFF. so the temperature inside the box does not
● The motors should not be mechanically exceed 50°C (122°F).
The installation environment for a solid-state
reduced voltage starter is of prime concern. coupled together, i.e., two motors on
same shaft. For sizing the enclosure the heat loss in watts
Conditions such as ambient temperature, can be estimated at 3 times the full load
altitude and the presence of corrosives or ● NEC and local code requirements for indi-
vidual motor protection and branch circuit current.
moisture must all be considered when choos-
ing an enclosure and applying the starter. protection are met.
EXAMPLE: For ES-180-4NR the maximum
Frequent Starting/Stopping current rating is 180 amperes. The approxi-
Ambient Temperature mate watts loss at maximum current rating is
Easy Starts are rated for 40°C (104°) ambient The number of starts and stops allowable
depends upon many factors. The most 3 x 180 = 540 watts.
temperature. For above 40°C derate by 5% for
every 5°C rise over 40°C up to 50°C (122°F) important ones are:
For units with non-isolated heat sinks, all the
maximum. watt loss must be dissipated through the box
1. Set level of the starting current limit
2. Start time. surface.
Altitude
Easy Starts are rated for 1000 meters 3. Run time.
[3300 ft.]. Use Derate formula for derating
above 1000 meters.
4. Off time before next start. For units with isolated heat sinks; the heat
sink fins should be brought out in open air J
The number of starts per hour is based on the through a properly gasketed cutout in the
current carrying capacity of the SCRs. A high enclosure. Approximately 50% watt loss is
DERATE % (meters) dissipated through the heat sinks and the
= [Actual Altitude – 1000] [7%]/1000 start/stop duty may require the oversizing of
the Easy Start. If a high number of multiple remaining 50% should be dissipated through
starts occur, the starter may trip due to the the remainder of the box surface, not
Multi-Motor Operation counting the heat sink.
Easy Starts can be used to control multiple inverse time overload current protection
motors if the following conditions are met: function. In this situation, it is advisable to
wait a period of 10 minutes before restarting NEMA Design C and D Motors,
● The current rating of Easy Start should be Wound Rotor Motors
equal to or greater than the total of indi- to avoid damage to the Easy Start and allow
the thermal sensor to reset. The motor These motors are used due to their high
vidual motor full load amperes and Easy starting torque characteristics. When high
Start must be set for the cumulative full manufacturer should be consulted about the
effect of a high number of multiple starts on starting currents and high starting torques
load amperes of the motors. are required, the extended time current
motor life.
option must be supplied with an oversized
Easy Start ES unit. Consult the factory for
application considerations.

CAT.71.01.T.E
Reduced Voltage Motor Control Cutler-Hammer
J4-8
Solid-State Motor Starters January 1999

C514 Soft Start Controller

Description Standard Design Features


The C514 requires no separate control power wiring when wired between a starter and the
motor. All customer power connections and adjustments are easily accessible. Simple instal-
lation makes the C514 ideal for new or retrofit applications.

3-Phase Supply

L1 L2 L3

Motor “Soft Start”


Starter Controller
OL
C514 Soft Start Controller T1 T2 T3

The Cutler-Hammer C514 is a solid-state


motor controller providing reduced voltage T1 T2 T3
“Soft” starting for three-phase ac induction
motors. Installation is easy — the C514 is
simply connected in series with the existing Motor
electromechanical motor starter. An optional
version provides a controlled deceleration
ramp for Soft-Stop applications and a Typical Wiring Diagram for Basic C514 Controller
separate 120V control scheme for additional
control flexibility where required.

C514 Soft Start Controller – Horsepower Rating, Dimensions and Weights


Current Maxi- Motor Catalog Dimensions in Inches (mm) Screw Shipping
Rating mum Volts Number➁ Size Weight
Amperes➀ HP Wide High Deep Mounting Lbs.(Kgs)
Rating A B C D E F
Open Type
11/9.6/11 3/3/7.5 200/230/460 C514BNOC 7.02 (178) 9.51 (242) 5.45 (138) 5.63 (143) 8.50 (216) 1/4" 9 (4.08)
11/11 7.5/10 460/575 C514BNOD 7.02 (178) 9.51 (242) 5.45 (138) 5.63 (143) 8.50 (216) 1/4" 9 (4.08)
17.5/22/21 5/7.5/15 200/230/460 C514CNOC 7.08 (180) 13.20 (335) 5.66 (144) 6.53 (166) 11.00 (279) 1/4" 11 (5.0)
21/22 15/20 460/575 C514CNOD 7.08 (180) 13.20 (335) 5.66 (144) 6.53 (166) 11.00 (279) 1/4" 11 (5.0)
32.2/42/40 10/15/30 200/230/460 C514DNOC 9.75 (248) 12.00 (305) 6.09 (155) 8.01 (204) 11.00 (279) 1/4" 14 (6.35)
40/41 30/40 460/575 C514DNOD 9.75 (248) 12.00 (305) 6.09 (155) 8.01 (204) 11.00 (279) 1/4" 14 (6.35)
48.3/54/52 15/20/40 200/230/460 C514ENOC 9.75 (248) 12.00 (305) 6.09 (155) 8.01 (204) 11.00 (279) 1/4" 14 (6.35)

J 52/52
92/80/96
40/50
30/30/75
460/575
200/230/460
C514ENOD
C514FNOC
9.75 (248)
9.05 (230)
12.00 (305)
14.50 (368)
6.09 (155)
7.87 (200)
8.01 (204)
6.42 (163)
11.00 (279)
7.42 (189)
1/4"
1/4"
14 (6.35)
27 (12.3)
96/99 75/100 460/575 C514FNOD 9.05 (230) 14.50 (368) 7.87 (200) 6.42 (163) 7.42 (189) 1/4" 27 (12.3)
NEMA 3R/12 Enclosed
11/9.6/11 3/3/7.5 200/230/460 C514BDOC 8.09 (206) 11.64 (296) 5.84 (148) 6.44 (164) 10.80 (274) 10 - 32 17 (7.7)
11/11 7.5/10 460/575 C514BDOD 8.09 (206) 11.64 (296) 5.84 (148) 6.44 (164) 10.80 (274) 10 - 32 17 (7.7)
17.5/22/21 5/7.5/15 200/230/460 C514CDOC 7.44 (189) 15.13 (384) 5.91 (150) 5.79 (147) 14.13 (359) 1/4" 21 (9.5)
21/22 15/20 460/575 C514CDOD 7.44 (189) 15.13 (384) 5.91 (150) 5.79 (147) 14.13 (359) 1/4" 21 (9.5)
32.2/42/40 10/15/30 200/230/460 C514DDOC 10.64 (270) 16.13 (410) 6.83 (174) 9.00 (229) 15.00 (381) 1/4" 27 (12.3)
40/41 30/40 460/575 C514DDOD 10.64 (270) 16.13 (410) 6.83 (174) 9.00 (229) 15.00 (381) 1/4" 27 (12.3)
48.3/54/52 15/20/40 200/230/460 C514EDOC 10.64 (270) 16.13 (410) 6.83 (174) 9.00 (229) 15.00 (381) 1/4" 27 (12.3)
52/52 40/50 460/575 C514EDOD 10.64 (270) 16.13 (410) 6.83 (174) 9.00 (229) 15.00 (381) 1/4" 27 (12.3)
92/80/96 30/30/75 200/230/460 C514FDOC 20.40 (518) 31.36 (797) 12.51 (318) 18.37 (467) 29.65 (753) 1/4" 125 (56.7)
96/99 75/100 460/575 C514FDOD 20.40 (518) 31.36 (797) 12.51 (318) 18.37 (467) 29.65 (753) 1/4" 125 (56.7)

➀ C514 controllers are designed for use with 1.15


service factor motors having full load current
ratings not exceeding values shown
➁ Separate 120 volt control with deceleration ramp,
add suffix letter “A” to catalog number.
Example C514BDOCA.

CAT.71.01.T.E
Cutler-Hammer Reduced Voltage Motor Control J4-9
January 1999 Solid-State Motor Starters
Easy Start E J Soft Start Controller

Description Catalog Numbering System


EJ 026 — 4 EP -

Easy Start EJ Factory option


S - Smooth stop

Full load ampere rating Enclosure


026 EP – Open panel isolated heat sink.
052 (EJ026, 052, 068, 075, 100 and 130)
068 Voltage NP – Open panel non-isolated heat sink.
075 3 – 380/415V (EJ190, EJ270 and EJ390)
100 4 – 208/230/460V NC – Open panel non-isolated heat sink.
130 5 – 500/575V Suitable for mounting in 20-inch
190 wide MCC structure.
270 (EJ190, EJ270 and EJ390)
The Easy-Start EJ is a solid-state reduced 390 ER – NEMA 12
voltage motor starter with built-in electronic NR – NEMA 1
overload protection. The EJ starter is used to Features
reduce starting current and high starting
torque. The starter’s load-sensing circuit ● Complete Starter
reduces the voltage to lightly loaded motors ● Adjustable current limit 250-500%
to save energy. EJ starters are available for ac ● Energy saving circuit
motors 5 to 300 hp 460 volt in open panel, ● Six space device panel on enclosure door
NEMA 1 and NEMA 12 enclosures. 208/230, ● Class 10 electronic overload protection
575 volt, 60 Hz and 380 volt, 50 Hz units are ● 500% for 10 seconds overload capability
also available. ● Suitable for mounting in 20-inch wide
MCC structure
● UL and CUL listed

EJ Soft Start Controller – Horsepower Rating, Approximate Dimensions and Weights


Ampere Maximum Motor Catalog Dimensions (In.) Clearance (In.) Weight
Range Horsepower Volts Number Height Width Depth Side Top/Bottom (Lbs.)

Open Type
10- 26 5/7.5/15 208/230/460 EJ026 15 14 8 22
20- 52 10/15/30 208/230/460 EJ052 15 14 8 22
25- 68 20/25/50 208/230/460 EJ068 15 14 8 26
28- 75 20/30/60 208/230/460 EJ075 15 14 8 26
37-100 30/30/75 208/230/460 EJ100 15 14 8 Does not apply 26
47-130
70-190
40/50/100
60/75/150
208/230/460
208/230/460
EJ130
EJ190
27
39 (47.68)➀
14
26.75 (18.5)➀
8
14 (9.5)➀
40
100
J
100-270 75/100/200 208/230/460 EJ270 39 (47.68)➀ 26.75 (18.5)➀ 14 (9.5)➀ 100
142-390 125/150/300 208/230/460 EJ390 39 (47.68)➀ 26.75 (18.5)➀ 14 (9.5)➀ 110
NEMA 12 Enclosed
10- 26 5/7.5/15 208/230/460 EJ026 17.6 13.5 10.75 6 35
20- 52 10/15/30 208/230/460 EJ052 17.6 13.5 10.75 6 35
25- 68 20/25/50 208/230/460 EJ068 28.5 25.25 10.75 Does not 6 86
28- 75 20/30/60 208/230/460 EJ075 28.5 25.25 10.75 apply 6 86
37-100 30/30/75 208/230/460 EJ100 28.5 25.25 10.75 6 86
47-130 40/50/100 208/230/460 EJ130 33.8 24.5 13 6 107
NEMA 1 Enclosed
70-190 60/75/150 208/230/460 EJ190 46.38 18.5 9.5 12 100
Does not
100-270 75/100/200 208/230/460 EJ270 46.38 18.5 9.5 12 100
apply
142-390 125/150/300 208/230/460 EJ390 46.38 18.5 9.5 12 110

➀ Dimension in parenthesis is for NC type open


panel for MCC mounting.

CAT.71.01.T.E
Reduced Voltage Motor Control Cutler-Hammer
J4-10
Solid-State Motor Starters January 1999

Easy Start ES Soft Start Controller

Description Line A

Line B
Motor

Line C

To SCR Gates

Control
Reset Logic
Control &
Stop Start Protection
Power

Typical Solid-State Reduced Voltage Starter Schematic

Easy-Start ES Horsepower Rating


The Easy Start ES is a solid-state reduced
voltage motor starter with built-in electronic Unit Ampere Ratings Nominal Horsepower or kW
overload protection. The ES starter is used
Min. Base Max.➀ Hp Hp kW Hp kW Hp
to reduce starting current and high starting
208V 230V 380/415V 460V 500V 575V
torque. The starters load-sensing circuit
reduces the voltage to lightly loaded motors to NEMA 12
save energy. ES starters are available for ac ES045➁ 7 45 54 5- 10 5- 15 4- 22 5- 30 4- 30 7- 40
motors 5 to 750 hp 460-volt in open, NEMA 1 ES070➁ 10 70 84 15- 20 20- 25 30- 37 40- 50 37- 45 50- 60
and NEMA 12 enclosures. 208/230, 575-volt, 60 ES120➁ 18 120 144 25- 40 30- 40 45- 55 60-100 55- 75 75-100
ES250 36 250 300 40- 75 50-100 75-110 150-200 90-160 200-250
Hz, and 380-volt, 50 Hz units are also available. ES360 51 360 432 75-100 100-150 110-200 200-300 200-250 250-300
ES500 71 500 600 100-150 125-200 200-250 250-400 300-355 300-500
NEMA 1
ES180 26 180 216 40- 60 40- 60 75- 90 75-150 55-110 100-150
ES260 38 260 312 60- 75 75-100 110 150-200 160 200-250
ES560 80 560 672 100-200 125-200 160-230 250-450 200-400 300-500
ES750 107 750 900 250-300 250-300 355-400 500-600 450-500 600-750
ES950 135 950 1140 350-400 300-350 450 600-750 600 800-900

Easy-Start ES Dimensions and Weights


Approximate only. Not to be used for construction purposes.
Catalog Number➂ Mounting Enclosure Height (In.) Width (In.) Depth (In.) Weight (Lbs.) Line/Load Lugs➃ Minimum Clearance Required➄
Sides (In.) Top and Bottom (In.)
ES045-__EP — Open 16 19 11.5 32 #2 ... ...
ES070-__EP — Open 16 19 11.5 33 #2 ... ...
ES070-__EC — Open 15 14 8.3 33 1/0 ... ...
ES120-__EP — Open 16 19 11.5 35 2/0 ... ...
ES120-__EC — Open 27 14 8.3 60 250 kcmil ... ...
ES180-__NP➅ — Open 39 26.75 14 100 250 kcmil ... ...
ES180-__NC➅ — Open 48 18.5 9.5 100 350 kcmil ... ...
J ES260-__NP➅
ES250-__NC➅


Open
Open
39
48
26.75
18.5
14
9.5
112
100
500 kcmil
350 kcmil
...
...
...
...
ES560-__NP➅ — Open 39 26.75 14 137 500 kcmil (2) ... ...
ES750-__NP➅ — Open 45 30.75 17 320 600 kcmil (4) ... ...
ES950-__NP➅ — Open 78 33.00 21 400 600 kcmil (4) ... ...
ES180-__NR➅ Wall NEMA 1 46.5 31 15.5 220 250 kcmil 12 ...
ES260-__NR➅ Wall NEMA 1 46.5 31 15.5 232 500 kcmil 12 ...
ES560-__NR➅ Wall NEMA 1 46.5 31 15.5 257 500 kcmil (2) 12 ...
ES180-__NL➅➆ Floor NEMA 1 90 32 21 500 250 kcmil ... ...
ES260-__NL➅➆ Floor NEMA 1 90 32 21 510 500 kcmil ... ...
ES560-__NL➅➆ Floor NEMA 1 90 32 21 525 500 kcmil (2) ... ...
ES750-__NL➅➇ Floor NEMA 1 90 32 21 720 600 kcmil (4) ... ...
ES950-__NL Floor NEMA 1 90 38 22.5 800 600 kcmil (4) 12 ...
ES045-__ER Wall NEMA 12 28.5 25 14 95 #2 6 6
ES070-__ER Wall NEMA 12 28.5 25 14 95 #2 6 6
ES045-__EL Wall NEMA 12 43.5 24.5 15.5 120 #2 6 6
ES070-__EL Wall NEMA 12 43.5 24.5 15.5 120 #2 6 6
ES120-__EL Wall NEMA 12 43.5 24.5 15.5 121 2/0 6 6
ES250-__EL➅ Floor NEMA 12 90 32 21 520 500 kcmil (2) 12 ...
ES360-__EL➅ Floor NEMA 12 90 32 21 525 500 kcmil (2) 12 ...
ES500-__EL➅ Floor NEMA 12 90 32 21 550 500 kcmil (2) 12 ...
➀ Maximum rating is 1.2x base rating due to 120% will be made on circuit breaker. Wall mounted bottom is required for NEMA 12 models only.
continuous capability. units arranged for top entry, bottom exit. Minimum clearance required for open models will
➁ Utilizes isolated heat sinks. ➄ Minimum clearance sides is minimum clearance depend upon enclosure provided by others.
➂ __ in Cat. No. is 4 for 208/230/460V models, 3 for required between adjacent units. For NEMA 1 en- ➅ Use non-isolated heat sinks. Heat is dissipated via
380/415V models, 5 for 460/500/575V models. closure this clearance should be provided be- the enclosure surfaces.
➃ Line lug sizes shown are for Easy-Start ES lug. If tween unit and sidewall also. For NEMA 12 ➆ MCC structure with 4-inch wire-way, could have
circuit breaker option is ordered line connections enclosures the clearance between unit and side- cable entry/exit top or bottom.
wall is not required. Minimum clearance top and ➇ ES750 arranged for top entry and exit only.

CAT.71.01.T.E
Cutler-Hammer Reduced Voltage Motor Control J4-11
January 1999 Solid-State Motor Starters
Easy Start ES Soft Start Controller

Catalog Numbering System

ES 120 — 4EL - XXX

Easy Start ES Options (any sequence)

Base ampere rating Enclosure


045 ER – Regular NEMA 12
070 NR – Regular NEMA 1
120 Voltage EL – Large NEMA 12
180 3 – 380/415V NL – Large NEMA 1
250 4 – 208/230/460V EP – Open panel isolated heat sink
260 5 – 460/500/575V EC – Open panel isolated heat sink
360 suitable for mounting in 20-inch
500 wide MCC structure
560 (ES045, ES070 and ES120)
750 NP – Open panel non-isolated heat sink
950 NC – Open panel non-isolated heat sink
suitable for mounting in 20-inch
wide MCC structure
(ES180 and ES250)

For product description refer to Descriptive Bulletin 8650.

Line

DIP CT
Switch
Rectifier

Inverse Curr.
Current Instant Time Gates SCR’s
Feedback Trip Limit
Trip
Init. Step Time
Voltage

Max Curr. Ramp


Volts Trip
Current
Under-
voltage
J
Min.
Volts
Voltage Amplifier
Feedback
Stab

Phase
Rotation

Phase
Loss
Lockout Digital
Trigger

Current
Unbalance

Over Temp
Motor

Aux. Trip
Remote Contact

Easy-Start ES Block Diagram

CAT.71.01.T.E
Reduced Voltage Motor Control Cutler-Hammer
J4-12
Solid-State Motor Starters January 1999

Easy Start EA

Description Specifications Features and Benefits


● Line voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .200-600V Feature Benefit
ac, 3-phase, 60 Hz ● Smooth Stepless motor accelera-
● Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 SCR’s full Start/Stop tion/deceleration, reduced
wave during start; bypass contactor during initial torque and inrush
run currents
● Control voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . .120V ac,
+10%/-15% ● Adjustable Wide range of initial step
● Ramp time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-45 Torque settings for various load
seconds, 16-position hexadecimal switch starting requirements
● Initial torque . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .100-200% ● Adjustable Ability to control rate of
current, 16-position hexadecimal switch Ramp Time current ramp
● Current limit. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .100-500% ● Small Physical Reduced panel space,
of base rating, 16-position hexadecimal Size smaller enclosures
switch
● Overload capacity . . . . . . . . . . .115% ● Reduced Heat Better efficiencies/no heat
continuous (of base rating) Losses dissipation concerns
● Overload protection . . . . . . . . .Inverse ● 600V Rating One product for systems
Easy Start Advantage
time-trip, DIP switch adjustable; from 208 to 575V
Class 10/20 selectable ● Emergency The Advantage starter is
The Easy Start EA combines the performance
● Phase rotation . . . . . . . . . . . . . .ABC only Backup rated to handle full starting
benefits of a solid-state starter with the elec-
start prohibit current in an across-the-
trical efficiencies and small physical size typical-
● Phase loss/unbalance . . . . . . . .35% or line mode, if a problem is
ly associated with electromechanical devices.
greater difference between any two encountered
phases
The Easy Start EA uses six back-to-back sili- ● Current Limit Limits current inrush and
● RC snubber . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .SCR
con controlled rectifiers (SCRs) to provide current draw during ramp
protection for dv/dt characteristics
smooth, stepless, acceleration to an ac induc-
● LED indications . . . . . . . . . . . . .Phase ● Electronic Flexibility of use with
tion motor. Once the motor reaches full
unbalance, current trip and phase rotation Overload various motor sizes. More
speed, an Advantage bypass contactor is en-
● Trip relay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NO contact accurate than bimetallic
ergized in parallel to the SCRs to handle the
Ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60 VA methods
motor’s continuous duty requirements.
resistive load, 20 VA inductive load
● Class 10 or 20 Overload curve can be
Maximum switching voltage . .125V ac
Since the SCRs are only conducting current Overload tailored to application
Maximum switching current . .1 ampere
for a short period of time, electrical losses are Protection requirements
Closes on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .phase
greatly reduced. The elimination of bulky heat ● Advantage Reduced contact bounce
unbalance or overload trip
sinks allows the Easy Start EA to be packaged
● Ambient temperature: Starter and contact wear; lifetime
in a wide selection of space saving enclosures. Bypass coil warranty; contactor
Open. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -20° to 50°C
Enclosed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -20° to 40°C closes and opens at 1
Storage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -50° to 65°C times current
● Smooth stop (option) . . . . . . . 1-75
seconds
● Pulse start (option) . . . . . . . . . 0.2-3
seconds

J ➃

➀ User supplied Remote Reset can be installed by ➂ Starter is reset by interrupting 120-volt supply at EA045 through EA135 require 150VA minimum
removing jumper between terminals 2 and 3. remote reset; or, by using the “RESET” pushbutton CPT. Models EA270 through EA760 require 300VA
➁ End-of-ramp Relay (K201) and Trip Relay (K200) on the main logic board, which is at low level minimum CPT.
are part of Logic Board; a remote fault device, voltage.
such as Shunt Trip, may be connected in series ➃ CPT and operator devices to be supplied by users
with the N.O., K200 contact at point 8. unless ordered with enclosed units. Models

CAT.71.01.T.E
Cutler-Hammer Reduced Voltage Motor Control J4-13
January 1999 Solid-State Motor Starters
Easy Start EA

Catalog Numbering System

Open Panel (60 Hz): Enclosed Units:


E A PN ESEA 1 Ø G –
Options: B1,
Options: A5, A6, T, C, etc.
S = Smooth Stop
P = Pulse Start G = General Duty

FLA — 045, 090, 135, 270, 360, FLA — 045, 090, 135, 270, 360, 540, 760
540, 760
Voltage: D = 200-600V, 60 Hz
G = 200-600V, 50 Hz
Open Panel (50 Hz):
E A PN5
Type: Ø = Standard Design 40°C

Options: Enclosures: S = NEMA 1, D = NEMA 12


S = Smooth Stop W = NEMA 3R/4, C = NEMA 4X
P = Pulse Start
Series: 1 = Version 1
FLA — 045, 090, 135, 270, 360,
540, 760 Easy Start EA Enclosed

Ratings
Catalog Amperes Horsepower Kilowatts
Number Base Maximum Minimum 208V 230V 460V 575V 380V 415V
Rating Continuous
EA045 45 52 12 15 15 30 40 22 22
EA090 90 104 23 30 30 60 75 45 45
EA135 135 155 34 50 50 100 125 55 75
EA270 270 311 69 100 100 200 250 110 110
EA360 360 414 92 125 125 250 350 160 160
EA540 540 621 137 200 200 450 500 250 300
EA760 760 874 193 250 300 600 750 400 450

Approximate Dimensions and Shipping Weights


Model Open Starter Panel Enclosed Starter
W D
W H D Lbs. W H D Lbs.
EA045 10.5 14.0 6.6 12 25.6 30.4 11.2 80
EA090
EA135
10.5
10.5
16.0
16.0
7.5
7.5
18
18
25.6
25.6
30.4
30.4
11.2
11.2
135
160 H J
EA270 15.0 24.0 9.7 70 37.6 48.4 13.2 270
EA360 15.0 24.0 9.7 81 37.6 48.4 13.2 270
EA540 16.0 30.0 10.7 210 37.6 60.4 13.2 325
EA760 18.0 32.0 11.6 260 39.8 72.0 15.4 400

CAT.71.01.T.E
Reduced Voltage Motor Control Cutler-Hammer
J4-14
Solid-State Motor Starters January 1999

Typical Specifications

Soft Start Controller Type C514 Solid-State Reduced Voltage Motor 14. Tripped functions shall be designed to be
Starter Type EJ cleared by removing power from the solid-
1. Controller shall be Cutler-Hammer type state logic board.
C514. 1. Motor starter shall be Cutler-Hammer
type EJ. 15. The starter shall have a light emitting
2. The solid-state low-voltage controller diode (LED) to indicate incorrect phase
shall consist of a power section mounted 2. The solid-state reduced voltage motor rotation.
on an electrically isolated heat sink, a controller shall consist of a power sec-
logic board located above the power sec- tion, a one-piece printed circuit logic 16. Two (2) ground lugs shall be furnished,
tion and shall be used in series with a board and field wiring interface terminals. one (1) for incoming and one (1) for out-
separately specified electromagnetic going ground connections.
starter with class 10 overload protection. 3. The power section shall be three-phase,
60 hertz, and rated for the hp, current and 17. Power terminations shall consist of pres-
3. The power section shall be three-phase, voltage as shown on the drawings. It shall sure type terminals for top or bottom
60 hertz, and rated for the hp, current and consist of three (3) sets of back-to-back entrance.
voltage as shown on the drawings. It shall phase-controlled power semiconductors.
consist of three (3) sets of back-to-back Maximum current limit shall be 500% for 18. Enclosure
phase controlled power semiconductors. standard units.
a. Unit shall be supplied as an [open
4. Power semiconductors shall be rated with 4. Resistor/capacitor snubber networks shall panel] [NEMA 1 enclosed] [NEMA 12
peak inverse voltage at least 2.5 times be used to prevent false firing of SCRs enclosed].
rated line-to-line voltage. Suitably rated due to dv/dt effects. b. A door-mounted device panel shall be
snubbers for voltage suppression shall be provided for [field] [factory] mounting
included. 5. Fan cooled units shall be supplied with of operator’s devices.
thermal sensors on the heat sink to trip
5. The one-piece logic board shall be the control protective logic for over- 19. Units enclosed in motor control centers
mounted for easy testing and adjustment temperature condition. shall be of the same manufacturer as that
with quick disconnect plugs. Logic cir- of the circuit breaker and motor control
cuitry shall include: 6. The one-piece logic board shall be center for coordination and design issues.
mounted for easy testing, service and
a. Voltage ramp-up time adjustment – 5 replacement. 20. The manufacturer of the solid-state
to 45 seconds starter shall employ a field-based factory
b. Initial voltage adjustable from 20% to 7. Three-phase current sensing via current service organization for the purpose of
80% of rated voltage to provide for transformers for closed loop control to start-up and repair of units. Third party
optimum starting torque insure motor stability shall be provided. service contractors are not acceptable.
c. The logic boards of all current ratings
for a given voltage shall be inter- 8. The logic board shall use quick discon- Solid-State Reduced-Voltage Motor
changeable nect plug-in connectors for current trans- Starter Type ES
d. Each unit to be capable of multiple former inputs, line-and-load voltage
voltage operation inputs, SCR gate firing output circuits, 1. Motor starter shall be Cutler-Hammer
e. Optional smooth stop time adjustment and status panel. type ES.
from 5 to 45 seconds with an interlock
to release starter seal-in lock upon 9. The logic circuitry shall include as a 2. The solid-state reduced voltage motor
completion of stop cycle. Unit shall minimum: controller shall consist of a power sec-
automatically reset upon removal of
J line power. a. Inverse time running overcurrent
tion, a one-piece printed circuit logic
board and a field wiring interface termi-
protection nal board.
6. The solid-state logic shall be phase b. Auxiliary trip circuitry
sequence insensitive. c. Gate firing circuit lockout protection 3. The power section shall be three-phase,
on trip 60 hertz, and rated for the hp, current and
7. A cover plate shall be mounted above the d. Fault relay lockout protection voltage as shown on the drawings. It shall
logic board to provide: e. 250% to 500% current limit adjustment consist of three (3) sets of back-to-back
f. Initial voltage adjustment phase controlled power semi-conductors.
a. An insulating safety barrier g. Acceleration time adjustment. Maximum current limit shall be 500% for
b. Warning labels standard units.
c. Adjustment and setup instructions for 10. The logic board soldering shall be treated
current limit, time, torque, and horse- with a conformal protective coating 4. Resistor/capacitor snubber networks shall
power (ampere) ratings system. be used to prevent false firing of SCRs
d. Identified holes shall be located above due to dv/dt effects.
adjustment pots so that screwdriver 11. The logic board shall include, as stan-
adjustments can be achieved without dard, current and motor slip sensing cir- 5. Fan-cooled units shall be supplied with
removing the cover. cuitry that continually monitor motor load thermal sensors on the heat sink to trip
and regulate motor voltage to minimize the control protective logic for over-
8. Ground lug shall be furnished mounted motor kWh energy consumption. temperature condition. Thermal sensors
on the isolated heat sink. shall be rated 90 degree C maximum.
12. The solid-state logic shall provide phase
9. Enclosures sequence protection. 6. The one-piece logic board shall be
mounted for easy testing, service and
a. Enclosures shall be NEMA 3/12. 13. External interface circuitry shall include replacement.
120-volt relay logic interface capability.

CAT.71.01.T.E
Cutler-Hammer Reduced Voltage Motor Control J4-15
January 1999 Solid-State Motor Starters
Typical Specifications

7. Three-phase current sensing via current f. 200% to 500% current limit adjustment. 21. Maximum continuous operation shall be
transformers for closed loop control to at 120% of base amp rating.
insure motor stability shall be provided. 16. Two (2) ground lugs shall be furnished,
one (1) for incoming and one (1) for out- Reduced Voltage Bypass Motor
8. The logic board shall use quick discon- going ground connections. Starter Type EA
nect plug-in connectors for current trans-
former inputs, line-and-load voltage 17. Power terminations shall consist of 1. Motor starter shall be Cutler-Hammer
inputs, SCR gate firing output circuits and pressure-type terminals for top or bottom type EA.
status panel. entrance.
2. The solid-state reduced voltage starter
9. The logic circuitry shall include as a 18. Enclosure shall be UL and CUL listed and consist of
minimum: an SCR based power section, logic board
a. Unit shall be supplied as an [open and paralleling bypass contactor.
a. Short-circuit electronic trip overcur- panel] [NEMA 1 enclosed] [NEMA 12
rent protection. Time not to exceed enclosed] 3. The SCR based power section shall con-
1/2 cycle
b. Enclosures shall not be less than 16- sist of six (6) back-to-back SCRs and shall
b. Inverse time running overcurrent gauge steel. Type 12 enclosures shall be rated for a minimum peak inverse volt-
protection be of welded construction with gas- age rating of 1500 volts PIV.
c. Auxiliary trip circuitry keted heat sink and doors
d. Gate firing circuit lockout protection c. Doors shall include plastic device 4. Units using triacs or SCR/diode combina-
on trip holders for mounting up to six (6) tions shall not be acceptable.
e. Fault relay lockout protection (eight (8) for above 200 hp motors)
f. 250% to 500% current limit adjustment operator devices 5. Resistor/capacitor snubber networks shall
g. Minimum and maximum voltage d. The following shall be included: be used to prevent false firing of SCRs
adjustments due to dv/dt effects.
h. Voltage stability adjustment. 1. The operating handle of the dis-
connect, when supplied, shall 6. The logic board shall be mounted for
10. The logic board soldering shall be treated always remain connected to the ease of testing, service and replacement.
with a conformal protective coating breaker or switch. The operating It shall have quick disconnect plug-in con-
system. handle shall not be mounted on nectors for current transformer inputs,
the door of the enclosure, but on line and load voltage inputs and SCR gate
11. The logic board shall include, as stan- the controller for safe “stand- firing output circuits.
dard, current and motor slip sensing cir- aside” operation. The position of
cuitry that continually monitor motor load the operating handle will indicate 7. The logic board shall be identical through
and regulate motor voltage to minimize ON or OFF position of switch or all ampere ratings and voltage classes
motor kWh energy consumption. circuit breaker and include provi- and shall be conformally coated to pro-
sion for padlocking in the OFF tect for environmental concerns.
12. The solid-state logic shall provide phase position.
sequence protection. 8. The paralleling bypass contactor shall
2. Interlock provisions shall prevent energize when the motor reaches full
13. External interface circuitry shall include unauthorized opening or closing of speed and close/open under one (1) times
120-volt relay logic interface capability. the starter door with the discon- motor current.
nect in the ON position.
14. Tripped functions shall be designed to be 9. The contactor shall be fully rated for
cleared by removing power from the 3. The structure, when floor-mounted,
solid-state logic board. shall be provided with adequate
lifting means and shall be capable
across-the-line starting duty should this
be desired. J
15. The starter shall have additional features of being rolled or lifted into instal- 10. The contactor shall utilize an energy bal-
as follows: lation position and bolted to the anced contact closure to limit contact
floor. bounce and an intelligent coil controller
a. Individual light emitting diodes (LEDs) to optimize coil voltage during varying
to indicate run, undervoltage, phase 4. A door-mounted status panel shall system conditions.
loss, phase current unbalance, over- provide individual light emitting
current trip, overtemperature, current diodes (LEDs) to indicate run, 11. The coil shall have a lifetime warranty.
limit, end of ramp, and incorrect phase undervoltage, phase loss, phase
rotation current unbalance, overcurrent 12. The overload protection shall be elec-
b. Single-phase protection with built-in trip, overtemperature, current tronic and be based on an inverse time-
short time delay limit, end of ramp, and incorrect current algorithm.
c. Undervoltage protection with built-in phase rotation.
short time delay 13. Overload protection shall be adjusted via
d. The power section shall have metal 19. Units enclosed in motor control centers logic board.
oxide varistor (MOV) type surge sup- shall be of the same manufacturer as that
pressors across the SCRs rated 10% of the circuit breaker and motor control 14. Class 10 or 20 overload characteristic
above the rated voltage. The power center for coordination and design issues. shall be selectable.
semiconductors shall be rated with
peak inverse voltage at least 2.5 times 20. The manufacturer of the solid-state 15. Units using bimetal overload relays are
SCR rated line-to-line voltage. Suitably starter shall employ a field-based factory not acceptable.
rated snubbers for voltage suppres- service organization for the purpose of
sion shall be included. start-up and repair of units. Third party 16. Overtemperature protection (on heat
e. 100% to 120% full load running cur- service contractors are not acceptable. sink) shall be standard.
rent trip adjustment

CAT.71.01.T.E
Reduced Voltage Motor Control Cutler-Hammer
J4-16
Solid-State Motor Starters January 1999

Typical Specifications

17. The solid-state logic shall be phase sensi- 21. The following logic board adjustments 24. Starters and breakers/HMCPs are to rated
tive, and shall inhibit starting on incorrect are required: per UL 508D for a withstand rating of 65
rotation. kAIC RMS.
a. Ramp Time; 1 to 45 seconds, on a
18. Improper phase rotation shall be indi- hexadecimal switch 25. Units enclosed in motor control centers
cated on the starter logic board. b. Initial Torque; 100 to 200% current, on shall be of the same manufacturer as that
a hexadecimal switch of the circuit breaker and motor control
19. Starters shall protect against a phase c. Current limit; 100 to 500% current, on center for coordination and design issues.
loss/unbalance condition shutting down if a hexadecimal switch
a 35% current differential between any d. FLA of motor; 4 to 1 range of starter, 26. The manufacturer of the solid-state
two phases is encountered. on a DIP switch. starter shall employ a field-based factory
service organization for the purpose of
20. A normally open (NO) contact shall 22. Optional smooth stopping shall provide a start-up and repair of units. Third party
annunciate fault conditions, with contact linear voltage deceleration should the service contractors are not acceptable.
ratings of 60 VA (resistive load) and 20 VA load require it. It is to be adjustable from
(inductive load). In addition, an LED dis- 1 to 75 seconds. 27. Maximum continuous operation shall be
play on the logic board shall indicate type at 115% of continuous ampere rating.
of fault (current trip, phase loss, phase 23. Enclosed units shall include a thermal
rotation). magnetic circuit breaker or HMCP for
short-circuit protection and quick discon-
nect means.

For a complete product specification in


CSI format, see Cutler-Hammer Product
Specification Guide, section 16481.

CAT.71.01.T.E