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Republic of the Philippines

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Region I
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE URDANETA CITY
URDANETA CITY NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
Urdaneta City Pangasinan

UNIT TEST
in
EARTHQUAKES AND FAULTS

Name:________________________________Section:__________________Score:________
MULTIPLE CHOICE. Direction: Encircle the letter of the best answer.
1. What is the name of the instrument that measures seismic waves?
a. seismograph c. seismoscope
b. generator d. meter stick
2. It is a break in the Earth’s crust where significant movement occurred
a. Intensity b. focus c. focus d. fault
3. Intensity is expressed in ___________
a. Roman Numerals c. Hindu-Arabic numerals
b. both a and b d. in any way you like it
4. It is an instrument used to measure the amount of energy released by an earthquake
a. seisnograph c. seismograph
b. microscope d. stenograph
5. As you go away from the focus, the intensity_____.
a. Increases b. decreases c. does not change
6. People are interviewed and buildings are inspected to determine _________.
a. Intensity c. location of the focus
b. magnitude d. location of an active fault
7. Which movement, along a fault line, would most likely produce a tsunami?
a. sideward c. vertical
b. horizontal d. none of the above
8. Juan was sitting peacefully in front of the television when he suddenly felt an earthquake which vibration
is like one passing of a heavy truck, what Intensity did Juan felt?
a. I b. VII c. IV d. V
9. Which is not a method of spotting an active fault?
a. checking historical backgrounds c. observing the surroundings
b. studying vibrations d. interviewing survivors
10. PHILVOLCS stands for ___________?
a. Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology
b. Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seisnology
c. Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Sismology
d. Philippine Institution of Volcanology and Seismology
11. What intensity is capable of destroying all man-made structures?
a. I b. IX c. X d. VIII
12. It is the system used by PHILVOLCS in determining the Intensity of an earthquake
a. PEIS b. PIES c. PSIE d. PIIS _______
13. Epicenter is found _________.
a. directly above the focus c. below the focus
b. beside the focus d. near the focus
14. A vibration due to the rapid release of energy is known as _________.
a. earthquake b. typhoon c. tidal wave d. focus
15. The place where the fault begins to slip is called _________.
a. epicenter b. active fault c. focus d. rocks _______
16. A big wave produced by earthquakes that originate from under the ocean is called ______.
a. typhoon b. tsunami c. flood d. storm surge
17. Earthquakes are common in the Philippines because it is located in an area called _______.
a. Southeast Asia c. Earthquake Prone Area
b. Pacific Ocean d. Pacific Ring of Fire
18. Which of the following statements is FALSE about an earthquake?
a. Earthquakes have caused countless deaths all over the world.
b. Earthquake was caused by movement along the fault
c. Earthquake is a vibration of the Earth due to the rapid release of energy.
d. Earthquakes with a magnitude of 2 can cause severe damage.
19. It has caused an earthquake in the past and is capable of generating more in the future
a. active epicenter c. active fault
b. active focus d. active vibration
20. Which of the following differentiates intensity from magnitude?
Magnitude is ____.
a. a measure of how strong an earthquake is.
b. an instrument that measures earthquake.
c. expressed using roman numerals.
d. all of the above
21. How do faults produce earthquake?
a. Energy from inside the Earth makes the ground move, once friction is
overcome, a fault slips producing earthquake.
b. Magma and lava causes the ground to spread producing faults.
c. Molten rock materials accumulate and go out along the fault producing earthquake.
d. Tectonic plates collide forming volcanoes and causing earthquakes.
22. How do rock particles move during the passage of a P wave through the rock?
a. back and forth parallel to the direction of wave travel
b. perpendicular to the direction of wave travel
c. in a rolling elliptical motion
d. in a rolling circular motion
23. How do rock particles move during the passage of a S wave through the rock?
a. back and forth parallel to the direction of wave travel
b. perpendicular to the direction of wave travel
c. in a rolling elliptical motion
d. in a rolling circular motion
24. Which of the following can trigger a tsunami?
a. undersea earthquakes c. the eruption of an oceanic volcano
b. undersea landslides d. all of these
25. Which of the following waves is the slowest?
a. P waves c. Surface waves
b. S waves d. tsunami
26. Which of the following statements is false?
a. Most earthquakes occur at plate boundaries
b. The time and location of most major earthquakes can be predicted several days in advance
c. Earthquakes can be caused by normal, reverse and strike-slip faulting
d. P waves travel faster than both S waves and Surface waves
27. Which of the following observations may indicate a forthcoming destructive earthquake?
a. an increase in the frequency of smaller earthquakes in the region
b. rapid tilting of the ground
c. rapid changes in water levels in wells
d. all of these
28. Which of the following statements best describes the state of earthquake prediction?
a. scientists can accurately predict the time and location of almost all earthquakes
b. scientists can accurately predict the time and location of about 50% of all earthquakes
c. scientists can accurately predict when an earthquake will occur, but not where
d. scientists can characterize the seismic risk of an area, but cannot yet accurately predict most earthquakes
29. Where is the focus with respect to the epicenter?
a. directly below the epicenter c. in the P wave shadow zone
b. directly above the epicenter d. in the S wave shadow zone
30. Point A, where slip initiated during the earthquake, is called the ________.
a. dip c. epicenter
b. focus d. scarp
31. Point B is called the earthquake ________.
a. dip c. epicenter
b. focus d. scarp
32. Point C is called the _________
a. epicenter c. fault scarp
b. seismic wave d. dip of the earthquake
33. What type of faulting is illustrated in this diagram?
a. normal c. reverse
b. thrust d. abnormal

34. What causes the up-and-down wiggles on the seismogram show above?
a. variations in air pressure
b. ground vibrations
c. tsunami waves
d. electromagnetic pulses
35. Which set of waves are the S waves?
a. A b. B
c. C d. They are all P waves
II. Modified True or False.
Direction: Write “True” is the statement is correct or change the underlined word with the correct one if it is “False”.
___________1. An active fault has move in the past and is not capable of producing more
earthquake in the future.
___________2. People are interviewed to determine intensity.
___________3. A downward movement of the fault planes is capable of producing a tsunami.
___________4. A seismograph is used to determine intensity.
___________5. Intensity I is described as Scarcely Perceptible and is felt only by people under
favorable conditions.
___________6. In the Tsunami experiment, the water represents the tsunami.
____________7. Focus is the origin of an earthquake.
___________8. PAG-ASA is the government agency tasked in monitoring earthquakes and
volcanic activities.
___________9. When an earthquake happens, the effects are greater in the areas away from
the focus.
___________10. Shaking is a phenomenon where loose soil or sand behave like water during an
earthquake.
III. a. Enumeration/ Identification
1-3. Give the three types of faults
4-6. Types of Seismic waves
7. What is intensity IX in the PEIS?
8. What is the new name of Marikina fault line?
b. Give the acronym of the following:
9. PHIVOLCS-
10. PEIS-

GOOD LUCK!!!
GOOD LUCK!!!