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Mouse Deer and Crocodile

One day, Mouse Deer went down to the river to take a drink. But he knew that the crocodile might
be waiting underwater to eat him, so he said out loud. “I wonder if the water’s warm. I’ll put in
my leg and find out.” Of course Mouse Deer didn’t put in his leg. He picked up a stick instead and
put one end into the water. Chomp…! Crocodile grabbed the stick and pulled it underwater.
Mouse Deer laughed. “Ha… ha…ha… Stupid crocodile! Cant you tell the difference between a
stick and a leg?” Then Mouse Deer ran off to drink somewhere else.
In the next day, Mouse Deer wanted to cross the river. He wanted to eat the fruits on the other side
of the river. He saw a floating log in the river. He knew that Crocodile looked like a log when he
floated. Mouse Deer didn’t want to be eaten by Crocodile when he crosses the river. He had an
idea. He called out loud, “Crocodile!” Crocodile rose from the water, “Hello, Mouse Deer. Have
you come to be my lunch?” Mouse Deer smiled. “Sorry, not today, Crocodile. I have orders from
the King. He wants to invite all the crocodiles in this river to a party. He wants me to count all the
crocodiles so he could prepare enough meal for you.”
“Really…? Tell us what to do,” said Crocodile. “You must line up from this side of the river to
the other side,” said Mouse Deer. Crocodile then got all his friends and family. They lined up
across the river. Mouse Deer then jumped onto Crocodile’s back. “One,” he counted. He jumped
onto the next crocodile, “Two.” And the next crocodile, “Three.” Mouse Deer kept jumping until
he arrived on the other side of the river. “How many are there?” asked Crocodile. “Just enough,”
said Mouse Deer. He laughed as he ran to the forest.***
Borobudur Temple

Borobudur temple is a temple which became a pride of Indonesian people because it is ever been
included into the 7 wonders of the world. It also becomes the largest Buddhist temple in the world.
This temple is located in Borobudur Village, Magelang, Central of Java, Indonesia. It is
approximately 100 km from Semarang, 86 km from Surakarta, and 40 km from Jogjakarta. It was
found as a place of worship for the Mahayana Buddhist by Sailendra dynasty in 800 AD. It was first
discovered by Sir Thomas Stanford Raffles in 1814. At that time, it was found crushed and buried
in the ground.

Originally, it has 10 levels which have overall height about 42 meters. However, after the reparation,
the height of Borobudur become approximately 34.5 meters with overall building area about 15,129
m2. The front side of Borobudur temple is facing eastwards, although each side of the temple has
similar form. There are 3 main levels of the realm in Borobudur. The third level is Kamadhatu (the
realm of lust), Rupadhatu (tangible realm), and Arupadhatu (formless realm).

There are so many reliefs on Borobudur’s wall which total is about 1,460 panels. These reliefs tell
about ancient stories written In Sanskrit language and read by Mapradakisana way. Mapradakisana
is a way to read in accordance with the clockwise direction. The way to read the story is starting
from the east side of the gate at every level of the temple. There are so many stories written on
Borobudur’s wall. The first story on this relief is Karmawibhangga which written on the foot of this
temple. It tells about karma. Karma is the law of cause and effect obtained by humans. This relief
depicts human actions both reprehensible and commendable along with what will they have. The
next relief is Laitawistara. These reliefs lined in the stairs on the south side of temple. The numbers
of this relief are 120 figures which illustrate the story of the Buddha from birth to become a
Buddhist. And then last are Jataka and Awadana relief. This relief tells the story about Buddha
before he was born.
Besides decorated with reliefs, Borobudur also has so many sculptures which become a symbol of
the Buddha embodiment. The statues are sitting cross-legged in the lotus position and show a certain
hand gesture. These are located at Rupadhatu level. There are 432 sculptures there which are lined
sequentially in every niche of this level. In the first row, there are 104 niches, in the second row
there are 104 niches, in third row 88 niches, in the fourth row 72 niches, and fifth rows 64 niches.
Beside sculpture, Borobudur temple also has Stupa. There are 72 Stupas at the level of Aruphadatu.
Those stupas are spread in the court at this stage. In the first court, there are 32 stupas, in the second
court 24 stupas, and 16 stupas on the third court.

Since the discovery of Borobudur temple, there are so many Buddhist statues theft. Originally, the
amount of Buddha statues is 504 statues. More than 300 statues have been damaged. Most of the
statues of Buddha are headless because often being stolen to be used in a museum collection.

The Fox and the Crow

A crow had just found a delicious piece of cheese on a picnic table. She landed in a tree and prepared
to eat this tasty morsel.

Just then a sly fox happened to be passing by. The fox spotted the crow and thought about how
much he would like to eat that cheese.

"Madame Crow," called the fox. "You are a sight for sore eyes. My, but you are looking beautiful

The fox had the crow's attention now, most certainly. The crow looked down from the tree and the
fox continued.

"You must be the most beautiful animal in all the forest. Now rabbits, I grant you, they're pretty.
And frogs may be fetching too. But you, Madame Crow, you are, without a doubt, the most lovely
of creatures, with you slick black feathers, your shiny eyes. I wonder if your song is as glorious as
you are. I would just give anything to hear you sing, Madame Crow."
At this, the crow puffed up her chest, threw back her head, fluttered her wings, and began to sing:
"Caw, caw, caw, caw!"

Of course, the cheese fell out of the crow's beak. The fox caught it before it even hit the ground.
Then he turned and trotted away in search of a pleasant place to eat a big tasty chunk of cheese.

Moral of the story: Never trust a flatterer.

Malin Kundang

Once upon a time, on the north coast of Sumatra lived a poor woman and his son. The boy was
called Malin Kundang. They didn’t earn much as fishing was their only source of income. Malin
Kundang grew up as a skillful young boy. He always helps his mother to earn some money.
However, as they were only fisherman’s helper, they still lived in poverty. “Mother, what if I sail
overseas?” asked Malin Kundang one day to his mother. Her mother didn’t agree but Malin
Kundang had made up his mind. “Mother, if I stay here, I’ll always be a poor man. I want to be a
successful person,” urged Malin kundang. His mother wiped her tears, “If you really want to go, I
can’t stop you. I could only pray to God for you to gain success in life,” said his mother wisely.
“But, promise me, you’ll come home.”
In the next morning, Malin Kundang was ready to go. Three days ago, he met one of the
successful ship’s crew. Malin was offered to join him. “Take a good care of yourself, son,” said
Malin Kundang’s mother as she gave him some food supplies. “Yes, Mother,” Malin Kundang
said. “You too have to take a good care of yourself. I’ll keep in touch with you,” he continued
before kissing his mother’s hand. Before Malin stepped onto the ship, Malin’s mother hugged him
tight as if she didn’t want to let him go.
It had been three months since Malin Kundang left his mother. As his mother had predicted
before, he hadn’t contacted her yet. Every morning, she stood on the pier. She wished to see the
ship that brought Malin kundang home. Every day and night, she prayed to the God for her son’s
safety. There was so much prayer that had been said due to her deep love for Malin Kundang.
Even though it’s been a year she had not heard any news from Malin Kundang, she kept waiting
and praying for him.
After several years waiting without any news, Malin Kundang’s mother was suddenly surprised
by the arrival of a big ship in the pier where she usually stood to wait for her son. When the ship
finally pulled over, Malin Kundang’s mother saw a man who looked wealthy stepping down a
ladder along with a beautiful woman. She could not be wrong. Her blurry eyes still easily
recognized him. The man was Malin Kundang, her son.
Malin Kundang’s mother quickly went to see her beloved son. “Malin, you’re back, son!” said
Malin Kundang’s mother and without hesitation, she came running to hug Malin Kundang, “I
miss you so much.” But, Malin Kundang didn’t show any respond. He was ashamed to admit his
own mother in front of his beautiful wife. “You’re not my Mother. I don’t know you. My mother
would never wear such ragged and ugly clothes,” said Malin Kundang as he release his mother
Malin Kundang’s mother take a step back, “Malin…You don’t recognize me? I’m your mother!”
she said sadly. Malin Kundang’s face was as cold as ice. “Guard, take this old women out of
here,” Malin Kundang ordered his bodyguard. “Give her some money so she won’t disturb me
again!” Malin Kundang’s mother cried as she was dragged by the bodyguard, ”Malin… my son.
Why do you treat your own mother like this?”
Malin Kundang ignored his mother and ordered the ship crews to set sail. Malin Kundang’s
mother sat alone in the pier. Her heart was so hurt, she cried and cried. “Dear God, if he isn’t my
son, please let him have a save journey. But if he is, I cursed him to become a stone,” she prayed
to the God.
In the quiet sea, suddenly the wind blew so hard and a thunderstorm came. Malin Kundang’s huge
ship was wrecked. He was thrown by the wave out of his ship, and fell on a small island.
Suddenly, his whole body turned into stone. He was punished for not admitting his own mother.

Snake Legend n'Daung

Long ago, at the foot of a mountain in the area of Bengkulu there lived an old woman with three
children. They are very poor and live only from the sale of its gardens are very narrow. One day the
old woman was seriously ill.
Smart people in his village was predicted that she would remain sick if not given special
medications. The cure is foliage forest cooked with coal from mountaintop occult.
How sad the family for the sake of knowing that fact. The problem was fired from the top of the
mountain is said to be guarded by a snake supernatural. According to the story of the villagers, the
snake will prey on anyone who tried to approach the top of the mountain.
Among the three children girl old lady, only the youngest who undertakes these requirements. In
fear he climbed the mountain residence of the Snake n'Daung. Really like the story, the residence
of this snake is very creepy. Trees -pohon around the cave was large and mossy. Leaves cover the
sun so that the place becomes dim.
Not to worry the Youngest exhausted, suddenly he heard the sound of a loud rumble and
roar. Ground shaking. This is a sign of the Snake n'Daung approaching his cave. The highlight
snake eyes sharp and protruding tongue-julur. Scarcely had the Youngest approached him and said,
"Snakes are sacred, give me a magical coals to cook the drug for sick mother. Unexpectedly, the
snake replied courteously, "coal that will give him that you are willing to be my wife!"
The Youngest suspect that the words of this snake is just to test it. So Judas afford it. The next day
after he took embers home, he kept his promise on Snake n'Daung. He returned to the top of the
mountain cave to diperisteri serpent.
Surprise, the youngest witness miraculous events. Namely, in the evening, it turns out that the snake
turned into a handsome knight named Prince Abdul Rahman Alamsjah. In the morning he would
go back into a snake. It is caused by because he was bewitched by his uncle into a snake. His uncle
wanted the position as the future king.
After the departure of the youngest, his mother being healthy and living with her siblings were
envious. They want to know what happened to the Youngest. So they went to the
mountaintop. They arrived there at night the day. What a surprise them when they peeked not seen
a snake but a handsome man. Arise envy in themselves. They want to defame her sister.
They settle into the cave and steal the snake skin. They burn the snake skin. They thought it would
be a knight so angry and drove her brother. But just the opposite happened. With the snake skin
burned, they accidentally frees the prince of the curse . When finding a snake skin was on fire, the
prince became very excited. He ran and embraced the Youngest. At that magic uncle ceritakannya
it will go away when people voluntarily burn the snake skin.
Then, the Snake n'Daung that has forever become the Youngest Prince Alamsjah brought to his
palace. Uncle evil expelled from the palace. The youngest was then invited his family lived in the
palace. But the two brothers were jealous refused because he felt ashamed of his actions.