Sie sind auf Seite 1von 13

Resource: Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete (ACI 318M-02)

Project Name
Subject Design of 2-Way Flat-Plate Slab
Element Number S1

Done By
Your Company Logo
Date 3/1/2015 15:31

DESIGN OF 2-WAY FLAT-PLATE SLAB (INTERIOR PANEL)


Direct Design Method

Uniform Live Load = 390 Kg/m² 81.454 psf

Short
Dead Load = 114.91 Kg/m² 24.000 psf
fc' = 27.58 Mpa 4.000 Ksi 6.099m
fy = 413.7 Mpa 60.000 Ksi
Long direction = 7.315 m 24.00052 ft
Short direction = 6.099 m 20.01082 ft Long Direction
Column Dimentions 7.315m

x= 50.8 cm 20.000 in y
y= 50.8 cm 20.000 in
x
Concrete Density = 2403 Kg/m³ 150.0193 lb/ft³

Minimum Thickness of Slab


(ACI 318M-95: 9.5.3.2)
Use Table 9.5(c) in the instructions to get the inverse factor (i.e. 33, 36, 40 etc ...)
Factor = 33

αm = 0
Where αm = the average value of α for all beams of the sides of a panel
α = the ratio of flexural stiffness of a beam section to the flextural stiffness of the slab, bounded laterally by
the centerlines of the panels on each side of the beam:
α = (Ecb Ib) / (Ecs Is)

h1 = 20.62727 cm
h2 = 20.29045 cm Use h = 21 cm ≈ 9 in
h3 = 20.81369 cm

Factored Loads
wd = 619.54 Kg/m² 129.394 psf
Wu = 1530.356 Kg/m² 319.623 psf

One and Two-Way Shears


Check punching shear at a distance d/2 from the face of the column (Two-way action):
Asuming 2cm Concrete Cover and No.16 bars, then the average d is:
d= 17.41 cm bo = 272.84 cm 107.417 in

Vu = 67563.57 kg 148.8184 K
ØVc = 69974.02 kg 154.1278 K ØVc>Vu O.K. 68.21 cm d/2 Column

Check beam shear at a distance d from the face of the column: d/2
Length of the strip x = 3.2294 m 10.59566 ft
Vu = 4942.132 Kg 3.317815 K 68.21 cm
ØVc = 13211.85 Kg ØVc>Vu O.K.

Static Moments
Mol = 54059.57 Kg.m 398.6694 k.ft In the long direction
Mos = 43741.71 Kg.m 322.579 k.ft In the Short direction

Page 1 of 8
Project Name
Subject Design of 2-Way Flat-Plate Slab
Element Number S1

Done By
Your Company Logo
Date 3/1/2015 15:31

Long Direction Strips


Width of half a column strip = 1.52475 m 5.002705 ft
Width of the middle strip = 3.0495 m 10.00541 ft

Short Direction Strips


Width of half the column strip = 1.52475 m 5.002705 ft
Width of the middle strip = 4.2655 m 13.99511 ft

1.52475m 4.2655m 1.52475m

1.52475m
Short Direction

3.0495m

1.52475m

Long Direction

To calculate the effective depth, d, in each direction, assume that steel bars in the short direction are place
on top of the bars in the long direction. Therefore:
d (long direction) = 18.921 cm
d (short direction) = 18.762 cm
d (average) = 18.800 cm

Mo = 54059.57 Kg.m
Mn = 35138.72 Kg.m
Mp = 18920.85 Kg.m
Column Strip Middle Strip
Long Direction Negative Positive Negative Positive
Moment Distribution (%) 75 60 25 40
Mu (kg.m) -26354 11352.51 -8784.68 7568.34
Width of strip, b (cm) 304.95 304.95 304.95 304.95
Effective depth, d (cm) 18.921 18.921 18.921 18.921
Ru = Mu/bd² (kg/m²) 241409 103991.6 80469.65 69327.7
Steel ratio ρ (%) 0.690436 0.286544 0.220411 0.189364
As = ρ b d (mm²) 3983.679 1653.305 1271.729 1092.591 Critical Top Reinforcement
Min. As = 0.0018 b hs (mm²) 1152.711 1152.711 1152.711 1152.711 21Y16 Spacing =14.52cm
Bar No. 16 16 14 14 Critical Bottom Reinforcement
Bar Diameter (mm) 15.9 15.9 13.74 13.74 9Y16 Spacing =33.88cm
No. of bars required 21 9 9 8
Spacing ≤ 2 hs (cm) 14.52 33.88 33.88 38.12

Page 2 of 8
Project Name
Subject Design of 2-Way Flat-Plate Slab
Element Number S1

Done By
Your Company Logo
Date 3/1/2015 15:31

Mo = 43741.71 Kg.m
Mn = 28432.11 Kg.m
Mp = 15309.6 Kg.m
Column Strip Middle Strip
Short Direction Negative Positive Negative Positive
Moment Distribution (%) 75 60 25 40
Mu (kg.m) -21324.1 9185.76 -7108.03 6123.84
Width of strip, b (cm) 304.95 304.95 426.55 426.55
Effective depth, d (cm) 18.762 18.762 18.762 18.762
Ru = Mu/bd² (kg/m²) 198658.3 85575.87 47341.73 40786.72
Steel ratio ρ (%) 0.561359 0.234699 0.128609 0.110624
As = ρ b d (mm²) 3211.716 1342.789 1029.224 885.2954 Critical Top Reinforcement
Min. As = 0.0018 b hs (mm²) 1152.711 1152.711 1612.359 1612.359 17Y16 Spacing =17.94cm
Bar No. 16 16 14 14 Critical Bottom Reinforcement
Bar Diameter (mm) 15.9 15.9 13.74 13.74 7Y16 Spacing =42cm
No. of bars required 17 7 11 11
Spacing ≤ 2 hs (cm) 17.94 42.00 38.78 38.78

Final Results
The Reinforcement shown below are the critical case were It has been assumed that the top or bottom
Reinforcement are uniformly distributed along the slab and the critical area steel are chosen.

Slab Thickness = 21cm

21Y16 Spacing =14.52cm


17Y16 Spacing =17.94cm

6.099m Top Reinforcment

7.315m

9Y16 Spacing =33.88cm


7Y16 Spacing =42cm

6.099m Bottom Reinforcment

7.315m

Page 3 of 8
Project Name
Subject Design of 2-Way Flat-Plate Slab
Element Number S1

Done By
Your Company Logo
Date 3/1/2015 15:31

Page 4 of 8
Price : 15 US $

Page 5 of 8
Price : 15 US $

Page 6 of 8
Price : 15 US $

Page 7 of 8
Price : 15 US $

Page 8 of 8
Project Name
Subject Design of 2-Way Flat-Plate Slab
Element Number S1
Done By Your Company Logo
Date 3/1/2015 15:31

DESIGN OF 2-WAY FLAT-PLATE SLAB (EXTERIOR PANEL)


Direct Design Method

Uniform Live Load = 390 Kg/m² 81.454 psf

Short
Dead Load = 114.91 Kg/m² 24.000 psf
fc' = 27.58 Mpa 4.000 Ksi 6.099m
fy = 413.7 Mpa 60.000 Ksi
Long direction = 7.315 m 24.00052 ft
Short direction = 6.099 m 20.01082 ft Long Direction
Column Dimentions 7.315m

c1 = 50.8 cm 20.000 in
c2
c2 = 50.8 cm 20.000 in
c1
Concrete Density = 2403 Kg/m³ 150.0193 lb/ft³

Minimum Thickness of Slab


(ACI 318M-95: 9.5.3.2)
Use Table 9.5(c) in the instructions to get the inverse factor (i.e. 33, 36, 40 etc ...)
Factor = 30

αm = 0
Where αm = the average value of α for all beams of the sides of a panel
α = the ratio of flexural stiffness of a beam section to the flextural stiffness of the slab, bounded laterally by
the centerlines of the panels on each side of the beam:
α = (Ecb Ib) / (Ecs Is)

h1 = 22.69 cm
h2 = 20.29045 cm Use h = 23 cm ≈ 10 in
h3 = 20.81369 cm

Factored Loads
wd = 667.6 Kg/m² 139.432 psf
Wu = 1597.64 Kg/m² 333.676 psf

One and Two-Way Shears

Check punching shear at an interior column


Check punching shear at a distance d/2 from the face of the column (Two-way action):
Asuming 2cm Concrete Cover and No.16 bars, then the average d is:
d= 19.41 cm 7.642 in
x
bo = 280.84 cm 110.567 in

Vu = 70489.86 kg 155.264 K
ØVc = 80299.81 kg 176.8718 K ØVc>Vu O.K. 70.21 cm d/2 Column y

Check one-way shear d/2


Check beam shear at a distance d from the face of the column:
Length of the strip x = 3.2094 m 10.53004 ft 70.21 cm
Vu = 5127.466 Kg 3.442236 K
ØVc = 14729.59 Kg 9.888455 K ØVc>Vu O.K.

Page 1 of 4
Project Name
Subject Design of 2-Way Flat-Plate Slab
Element Number S1
Done By Your Company Logo
Date 3/1/2015 15:31

Check punching shear at the exterior column x


x = 60.505 cm 23.821 in
y= 70.21 cm 27.642 in c1
bo = 191.22 cm 75.283 in d/2 y
Vu = 37434.99 Kg 82.45593 K c2 Column
ØVc = 54675.01 Kg 120.4295 K ØVc>Vu O.K.

Check punching shear at corner column


x = y = 60.505 cm 23.821 in
bo = 121.01 cm 47.642 in
Vu = 20059.26 Kg 44.18338 K
ØVc = 34600.06 Kg 76.21158 K ØVc>Vu O.K.

Static Moments
Mol = 56436.37 Kg.m 416.1974 k.ft In the long direction
Mos = 45664.87 Kg.m 336.7616 k.ft In the Short direction

Long Direction Strips


Width of half a column strip = 1.52475 m 5.002705 ft
Width of the middle strip = 3.0495 m 10.00541 ft

Short Direction Strips


Width of half the column strip = 1.52475 m 5.002705 ft
Width of the middle strip = 4.2655 m 13.99511 ft

1.52475m 4.2655m 1.52475m

1.52475m
Short Direction

3.0495m

1.52475m

Long Direction

To calculate the effective depth, d, in each direction, assume that steel bars in the short direction are place
on top of the bars in the long direction. Therefore:
d (long direction) = 20.921 cm 8.236 in
d (short direction) = 20.762 cm 8.174 in
d (average) = 20.800 cm 8.189 in

Page 2 of 4
Project Name
Subject Design of 2-Way Flat-Plate Slab
Element Number S1
Done By Your Company Logo
Date 3/1/2015 15:31

Column Strip Middle Strip


LONG DIRECTION Exterior Positive Interior Exterior Positive Interior
Moment Distribution (%) 26 31.2 52.5 0 20.8 17.5
Mu (kg.m) -14673.5 17608.15 -29629.1 0 11738.76 -9876.36
Width of strip, b (cm) 304.95 304.95 304.95 304.95 304.95 304.95
Effective depth, d (cm) 20.921 20.921 20.921 20.921 20.921 20.921
Ru = Mu/bd² (kg/m²) 109941 131929.2 221996.2 0 87952.8 73998.75
Steel ratio ρ (%) 0.303401 0.366164 0.631413 0 0.241363 0.202358
As = ρ b d (mm²) 1935.607 2336.021 4028.23 0 1539.825 1290.986
Min. As = 0.0018 b hs (mm²) 1262.493 1262.493 1262.493 1262.493 1262.493 1262.493
Control As (mm²) 1935.607 2336.021 4028.23 1262.493 1539.825 1290.986
Bar No. 16 16 16 14 14 14
Bar Diameter (mm) 15.9 15.9 15.9 13.74 13.74 13.74
No. of bars required 10 12 21 9 11 9
Spacing ≤ 2 hs (cm) 30.50 25.41 14.52 33.88 27.72 33.88

Maximum Negative As = 4028.23 mm²


Critical Top Reinforcement: 21Y16 Spacing =14.52cm
Maximum Positive As = 2336.021 mm²
Critical Bottom Reinf. : 12Y16 Spacing =25.41cm

Column Strip Middle Strip


SHORT DIRECTION Negative Positive Negative Positive
Moment Distribution (%) 49 21 16 14
Mu (kg.m) -22375.8 9589.623 -7306.38 6393.082
Width of strip, b (cm) 304.95 304.95 426.55 426.55
Effective depth, d (cm) 20.762 20.762 20.762 20.762
Ru = Mu/bd² (kg/m²) 170228.5 72955.07 39738.81 34771.46
Steel ratio ρ (%) 0.477299 0.199452 0.107755 0.094171
As = ρ b d (mm²) 3021.886 1262.775 954.2549 833.9639
Min. As = 0.0018 b hs (mm²) 1262.493 1262.493 1765.917 1765.917
Bar No. 16 16 14 14
Bar Diameter (mm) 15.9 15.9 13.74 13.74
No. of bars required 16 7 12 12
Spacing ≤ 2 hs (cm) 19.06 43.56 35.55 35.55

Critical Top Reinforcement


16Y16 Spacing =19.06cm
Critical Bottom Reinforcement
7Y16 Spacing =43.56cm

Page 3 of 4
Project Name
Subject Design of 2-Way Flat-Plate Slab
Element Number S1
Done By Your Company Logo
Date 3/1/2015 15:31

Final Results
The Reinforcement shown below are the critical case were It has been assumed that the top or bottom
Reinforcement are uniformly distributed along the slab and the critical area steel are chosen.

Slab Thickness = 23cm

21Y16 Spacing =14.52cm

16Y16 Spacing =19.06cm


6.099m Top Reinforcment

7.315m

12Y16 Spacing =25.41cm


7Y16 Spacing =43.56cm

6.099m Bottom Reinforcment

7.315m

Page 4 of 4