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Animal Cell

Animal Cell Definition


Animal cells are the basic unit of life in organisms of the kingdom Animalia. They are eukaryotic
cells, meaning that they have a true nucleus and specialized structures called organelles that carry out
different functions. Animal cells do not have cell walls or chloroplasts, the organelle that carries
out photosynthesis.

Plant Cell
Plant Cell Definition
Plant cells are the basic unit of life in organisms of the kingdom Plantae. They are eukaryotic
cells, which have a true nucleus along with specialized structures called organelles that carry out
different functions. Plant cells have special organelles called chloroplasts which create sugars
via photosynthesis.
Population
A population is the number of living people that live together in the same
place.[1] A city's population is the number of people living in that city. These people are
called inhabitants or residents. The population includes all individuals that live in that certain
area.The world population was estimated to have reached 7.5 billion in April 2017. Asia is the most
populous continent, with its 4.3 billion inhabitants being 60% of the world population.
Population density is the average number of people in a place. Urban areas such as big cities have
a high population density. People there live close to each other. In areas with a low population
density, people usually live far away from each other, such as in rural areas out in the countryside.
Usually population refers to the number of humans in a certain area. The maximum population that
can be supported in an area is called the carrying capacity

Organs
Organs are groups of tissues with similar functions. Plant and animal life relies on many
organs that coexist in organ systems.[1]
Organs are composed of main tissue and in the tissue are cells, parenchyma, and sporadic
tissues, stroma. The main tissue is unique for the specific organ, such as the myocardium, the main
tissue of the heart, while sporadic tissues include the nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissues.
The main tissues that make up an organ tend to have common embryologic origins, such as arising
from the same germ layer. Functionally related organs often cooperate to form whole organ systems.
Organs exist in most multicellular organisms. In single-celled organisms such as bacteria,
the functional analogue of an organ is known as an organelle. In plants, there are three main
organs.[2] A hollow organ is an internal organ that forms a hollow tube, or pouch such as
the stomach, intestine, or bladder.
In the study of anatomy, the term viscus refers to an internal organ. Viscera is the plural
form.[3][4] Seventy-nine organs have been identified in the human body
Organ System

An organ system is a group of organs that work together to perform a certain function in
an organism’s body. Most animals and plants have organs, which are self-contained groups of tissues
such as the heart that work together to perform one function. Humans and other mammals have many
organ systems. An example of an organ system is the circulatory system, which includes the heart,
arteries, veins, and capillaries. The human body has 11 different organ systems.

The human organ systems are:


*Integumentary *Skeletal *Muscular *Circulatory *Respiratory
*Digestive *Urinary *Immune *Nervous *Endocrine *Reproductive
Organism Definition
An organism is a single individual, or being. While it may have many separate parts, the
organism cannot survive without the parts, as the parts cannot survive without the organism. Some
organisms are simple and only contain an information molecule describing how to obtain energy and
reproduce the molecule. Other more complex multi-cellular organisms go through complex mating
rituals to introduce two haploid cells together which will fuse and become a new organism. As the
variety of life on Earth is huge, the definition of organism is still in flux, and new definitions for what is
considered an organism are presented all the time.

Community
A community is a social unit (a group of living things) with commonality such as norms, religion, values,
customs, or identity. Communities may share a sense of place situated in a given geographical area (e.g.
a country, village, town, or neighbourhood) or in virtual space through communication platforms.

Ecosystem

The ecosystem is the set of species in a given area that interact among themselves, through processes
such as predation, parasitism, competition and symbiosis, and with their abiotic environment to disintegrate and
become part of cycles of energy and nutrients. The species of the ecosystem, including bacteria, fungi, plants and
animals, are dependent on each other. The relationships between species and their environment facilitate the flow
of matter and energy within the ecosystem.
The concept of the ecosystem has evolved since its origin. The term, coined in the 1930s, belongs to British
botanists Roy Clapham (1904-1990) and Sir Arthur Tansley (1871-1955). It was originally applied to units of diverse
spatial scale; from a weathered piece of tree trunk to a pond, a region or even the entire biosphere of the planet,
the only requirement being that organisms, physical environment and interactions could exist within them.

More recently, the ecosystem has had a geographical focus and has become analogous to formations or vegetation
types, e.g., scrub, pine forest, grassland, etc. This simplification ignores the fact that the limits of some vegetation
types are indistinct, while the boundaries of ecosystems are not. The transition zones between ecosystems are
known as ecotones.

Biosphere
The biosphere is the part of the earth's surface and atmosphere where there are living things.