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7 u B YQ { _ I ʘ Q L M XB ÊI M YS Yƒ ÊB ‚ ² t ] B X„ R ....

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I YK DƬ Ê7 u B YQ ~ L N Ž‚ D YDaily Tips-1

J  M YG  Ê? ¯ T ƫ How are you? < } ² ÊT ŽDXƬ { I Xƒ ÊJ X Fine,


Thank you < } ² ʕ P Ê^ T z ž  ØÊ6 T _ OÊL Xƫ { ¢ ÊJ “u B „ ÊJ Q M X?
< K t Ê^ B y B What about you? < } ² Ê^ B ¶ u B „ Ø

1. ? ¯ T O¢ Ê] L N _ OÊ^ B y ž { Ê] I Ƭ | ¢ Ê] B X„ R Ê^ T z ž ] M K ƒ

1. May I know your good name ? (or)


2. Your good name please? (or)
3. What's your name? < } ² Ê^ B y B Q X
2. ? ¯ T ƫ : u B R G  May I know your good name please?
< K t Ê^ B y G Xƒ I am < } ² Ê: u B R ¢ Ê] L N _ OÊ8 _ H { ¢ t Ê
• ² u B „ ØÊ6 { ¢ G } ÊI u B _ R ÊD | I Y~ L I Yƒ ÊM B Y… v D YÊ< K Nice
to meet you (or) Glad to meet you < } L _ I ­  Ê^ Dƫ { ¢ Ê
] DXƒ ´ u B „
Example:
I am Sunitha. Nice to meet you.
3. Suppose D| I Y~ L Ž} Ê^ L X¢ Nice to meet you (or) glad to meet you
] DXƒ Q ÊM P | ¢ ÊT Žy G Xƒ Ê^ L D YT Žy ž ÊT Ž_ G ] L ²  Ê^ L X¢ Nice
meeting you < } ² ʕ ² u B „ Ø
4. T y“ œ ‚ ” Êfriends T | I Ȳ | I Xƒ Ê6 T ƫ B _ R Ê: y B X¯ u B „ Ê< } ² Ê
• P

1. Please sit down


2. Please take your seat
3. Please be seated
8 _ T B R ƒ Ê= ^ I §  Ê? } _ P t ʕ P Q X Ø
Commonly Used English Words

1. Please
2. Thanks
3. Welcome
4. Kindly
5. Allow me
6. After you
7. Sorry
8. Excues me
9. Pardon
10. No mention
11. Its my pleasure

? ¯ T Ƭ G  Êpen ^ B y B º  ,I z H ƫ“Ê^ B y B º  , time T ŽDXƬ t B º 


6 ƒ Q ¢ Ê? ¯ T ƫ Ê^ B y G I ‚ t ” ÊÌyes" < } ² ÊL I Yƒ ʕ ²  Ê^ L X¢  Ê
T Xt B YN { I Yƒ "Please" < } ² Ê^ Dƫ { ¢ t Ê] B X„ R Ê^ T z ž 
Example:

1. ] B Xx D Êpen ] B Xž u B „
Please give me your pen (or) May I have your pen,
Please?
2. ] B Xx D ÊI z H ƫ“Ê^ T z ž 
A glass of water please (or) Please give me a glass of
water
3. Time < } K ?
Time Please (or) What is the time please?
4. DƬ Ê] B Xž u B „
Yes,Please

N X^ O§  ÊDYP YN Êhelp ] D€ I X´  Thankyou ] DXƒ Q ÊM P t B XI “ƫ B „


Example:
1. Thanks
2. Thank you
3. Thank you very much
4. Many Many thanks to you
J “u B „ Ê? ¯ T ¯ t ” Êhelp ] D€ ¢ Ê6 T ƫ Ê: u B ¶ t ” ÊThanks ] DX} K Xƒ Ê
J “u B „ Ê6 T ¯ t ” ÊB Z^ S Ê: „ R ÊL I Yƒ Ê] DXƒ Q Q X

1. Welcome/You're welcome
2. No mention
3. Its fine
4. My Pleasure,
5. Its all right
N X^ O§  Ê: u B ¶ t ” Ê^ T z G XI Ê] L X¯ _ R Ê] B Xž t B ÊT | I Xƒ ÊÌNo
Thanks" < } ² Ê] DXƒ ´ u B „ .

N X^ O§  Ê: u B R G  Ê= ^ I §  Ê] L X¯ „ Ê^ B y ž Ê] B Xž t ”  Ê^ L X¢ Ê
6 T Ƭ G  ÊÌWith great pleasure" < } ² Ê] DXƒ ´ u B „ Ø

J “u B „ ÊN X¯ t B XT ¢ ÊT S YÊT ŽG ÊT Ž¯  L ŽK Xƒ ÊÌAfter you" < } ² ʕ P Ê


^T z ž  Ø

N X^ O§  Ê^ L ˜ T ¢ Ê^ B y B XM Q Ȳ | I Xƒ ÊÌPardon" 6 ƒ Q ¢ ÊÌI beg your


pardon" < } ² ʕ P Ê^ T z ž 

= ^ I §  ÊRoom : „ ^ R Ê^ L X”  Ê« } ÊÌMay I come in, Please?" < } ² Ê


6 § M I YÊ^ B y ž ÊT Žy ž Ê^ L XB Ê^ T z ž 

N X^ O§  ÊRoom : „ ^ R ÊT OÊ6 § M I YÊ^ B y G Xƒ ÊÌOf course" 6 ƒ Q ¢ ÊÌwith


great pleasure" 6 ƒ Q ¢ ÊÌYes, certainly" ] D Xƒ Q Ê^ T z ž 
Spoken English Exercise -1

1. J X} ÊM YB º  ÊT ¯ | ¢ B Y^ P } Answer

I am very Sorry

2. 6 ¢ Ê< } ÊI T ² ÊM } K t B º  Answer

It was all my mistake

3. < } ÊD Xƫ L Žƒ ÊM } K ~ ©t Ê^ B XOº  Answer

Pleae apologise on my behalf

4. M } K t B º  Ê< K t ” Ê] B Xx D ÊI XM I  Ê7 B YT Žy G ¢ Answer

I'm Sorry. I got a little late

5. 8 ] I ƒ Q X Ê: u B ¶ t ” I X} ØAnswer

It's all yours

6. ] B Xx D ÊJ B OÊ« œ ­ M X? Answer

Will you please move a bit

7. J X} Ê6 } _ P N ÊI YK  ÊT OÊ« œ N X_ M t ” ÊM } K t B º  Answer

I am Sorry. I couldnt make it that day

8. J X} ʔ P Y~ L Žy G Êtime ” ÊT OÊ8 N Q T Žƒ _ Q ØÊ< } _ K


M } K ~“ L ƫ’ B R X? Answer

I am sorry. I couldn't make it in time


9. M } K t B º  ÊJ X} ÊI u B „ Ê^ T _ Q N Žƒ Êdisturb ] D€ ¢ Ê
T Žy ^ G } Answer

Sorry to have disturbed you

10. < } _ K Ê] DXƒ Q ÊT Žž u B „ ØAnswer

Allow me to say

11. I N º Ê] D€ ¢ ÊD YP Y¢ ÊB T K ~ L ƫ’ B R X?Answer

May I have your attention, Please?

12. I Xu B „ < K t ” ~ Ê^ L DÊ6 § M I YÊ6 R ~ L ƫ’ B R X?Answer

Will you please permit me to speak?

13. : u B „ Ê^ T _ Q N Žƒ < } _ K ­  Ê: I T Ê6 § M I Y­ u B „ ØAnswer

Please allow me to help (or) Let me also help you

14. ] B Xx D Ê] M ¢ T XB Ê^ L ˜ B YP ƫ“ B R X?Answer

Will you please speak slowly?

15. I N º ] D€ ¢ Ê] M ƒ Q YN ʔ OQ Yƒ Ê^ L DÊ« œ ­ M X?Answer

Will you mind keeping a low tone please?

16. I N º Ê] D€ ¢ Ê< } _ K Ê: y B XOÊT ŽG « œ ­ M X?Answer


Synonyms-1

Choose the answer which best expresses the meaning of the


given word

1. Eager

a. Clever b. Enthusiastic
c. Curious d. Devoted

2. Implicate

a. Include b. Entreat
c. Suggest d. Imply

3. Diligent

a. Inteligent b. Difficult
c. Laborious d. Quick

4. Placid

a. Clear b. Calm
c. Enjoyable d. Dull

5. Commemorate

a. Boast b. Remember
c. Manipulate d. Harmonise

6. Deify
a. Face b. Worship
c. flatter d. Challange

7. Amenities

a. Pageantries b. Privileges
c. Facilities d. Courtesies

8. Disparity

a. Injustice b. Unlikeness
c. Partiality d. Distortion

9. Barbarian

a. Arrogant b. Impolite
c. Uncivilised d. Unkind

10. Lethal

a. Unlawful b. Deadly
c. Sluggish d. Smooth
Grammar Lesson-2
Pronoun

 Pronoun < } L ¢ Ênount ” ÊL I YQ XB ~ ÊL N } L ž { ¢  Ê] DXƒ Ø


Example: J “,J X} , 8 T } ,6 T } ,: } § _ G N ,< } § _ G N
 pronoun comes under 3 categories they are called

1. First Person
2. Second person
3. Third person
 The person who is speaking is called first person, and the person who is listening is called
second person and the one spoken about is called third person. (ie) J X} Ê
: u B R G  ÊOXE XÊ< } L T _ OÊL ‚ P YÊ^ L ˜ B Y^ P } Ø8 I Yƒ ÊJ X} Êfirst
person J “u B „ Êsecond person ராஜா third person.

1.First person:
J X} , J Xu B „ Ê< } ² ÊJ  _ M ~ ÊL ‚ P Yt ʕ P Yt ] B X„ T ¢

First Person Meaning


I J X}
We J Xu B „
Me <} _ K
My < } § _ GN
Our J  « _ G N Ù< u B ¶ _ G N
Ours J  « _ G N ¢ Ù< u B ¶ _ G N ¢
Us J  _ M Ù< u B _ R
Mine < } § _ GN ¢

2.Second Person:
J “,J “u B „ ,: } § _ G N Ê< } ² Ê< I YQ Ȳ t ”  Ê2T ¢ ÊJ L _ O~ L ‚ P YÊ
^ L˜ T ¢

Second Person Meaning


you J “,J “u B „ ,: } _ K Ù: u B _ R
Your : } § _ G N ,: u B ¶ _ G N
Yours : } § _ G N ¢ ,: u B ¶ _ G N ¢

3.Third Person:
J M t ” Ê6 P Y« B  Ê8 ƒ Q XI T ƫ B _ R ~ ÊL ‚ P YÊ^ L ˜ T ¢

Third Person Meaning


He 6 T }
Him அவைன
His 6 T § _ G N Ù6 T § _ G N ¢
She 6 T „
Her 6 T _ R Ù6 T ¶ _ G N
Hers 6 T ¶ _ GN ¢
It 6 ¢ Ù6 _ I
Its 6 I § _ GN
They 6 T ƫ B „ Ù6 _ T
Them 6 T ƫ B _ R Ù6 _ T B _ R
Their 6 T ƫ B ¶ _ G N Ù6 T ‚ P Y§ _ G N
Theirs 6 T ƫ B ¶ _ G N ¢ Ù6 T ‚ P Y§ _ G N ¢

Exercise: Fill the missing pronouns in the blanks.


My name is Sunitha._____ have 2 brothers. ____ are both older than ___.Sometimes ______
take me to the park and ____ play football together. I like palying with ____ because they are
very good. We are going to the park today. Would you like to come with_____? _____ can all
play together afterwards ___ will come to my house if ______ want to. I think____ will like my
dad. He is very funny and ___ makes great pizzas. Do ____ like pizza?
Answer

My name is Sunitha.I have 2 brothers. They are both older than me.Sometimes they take me to
the park and we play football together. I like palying with them because they are very good. We
are going to the park today. Would you like to come with us? we can all play together afterwards
we will come to my house if you want to. I think you will like my dad. He is very funny and he
makes great pizzas. Do you like pizza?
There are 8 parts

1. Noun
2. Pronoun
3. Verb
4. Adverb
5. Adjective
6. Preposition
7. Conjunction
8. Interjection

1.Noun- ] L N ƫ v ] DXƒ

7 u B YQ { I Yƒ Ê< R I XB Ê^ L D (Tips for fluent English)

<| I ] M XS YÊ ^ L DÊ ^ T z ž  Ê < } P X´  Ê 6 | I Ê ] M XS YÊ 8 Q t B H Ê
©{ I B u B _ R ÊL œ { I Xƒ M y ž  Ê^ L XI X¢ ØÊ6 | I Ê] M XS Y_ N J  Ê^ L v ˜ Ê
T S t B Yƒ Ê ] B Xz ž Ê T O ^T z ž  Ø6 I ‚ t ” Ê < ¢ Ê ^ L DÊ ^ T z ž  Ê
< } P X´  Ê 6 | I Ê ] M XS YN Ž^ Q Ê J Y_ K t B ^T z ž  ØÊ 7 u B YQ  Ê ^ L DÊ
^T z ž  Ê< } P X´  Ê< } K Ê^ L DÊ^ T z ž ^ M XÊ6 _ I 7 u B YQ { I Y^ Q Ê
J Y_ K t B Ê ^T z ž  Ø6 ~ ©P  Ê J Y_ K { I _ I Ê L N M Yƒ Q XM ƒ Ê ^ LD
^T z ž  Ø

Speaking is the first step for any English learner.


So if you are a novice at English, please focus on your speaking
and listening skills prior to studying grammar. After being able
to speak English fluently, you will realize how much easier
grammar is. But it does not work the other way around. Being
fluent in English speaking will help you with your grammar
studies, but studying grammar will NOT help you with your
speaking.

In order to obtain English fluency,studying grammar


can slow your progress down significantly. Basic grammar is a
necessity, but focusing on grammar will prevent you from being
able to speak English fluently in a reasonable time frame.
Reading and Listening is NOT enough.
Practice Speaking what you hear! Reading, listening,
and speaking are the most important aspects of any language. The
same is true for English. However, speaking is the only
requirement to be fluent. It is normal for babies and children
to learn speaking first, become fluent, then start reading, then
writing. So the natural order is listening, speaking, reading,
then writing

? ¯ Ê DY} K Ê exercise.] OX L T ¯ G u B „ Ê B S Y{ ¢ Ê


: u B ¶ G } Ê school L œ { I Ê J z L _ OÊ D| I Yt B YP ƫ“ B „ Ø 6 T Ƭ G  Ê J Q  Ê
T ŽDXƬ { ¢ T Žy ž Ê6 T ƫ ÊT y“ œ ƒ Ê: „ R T ƫ B _ R ÊJ Q  T ŽD XƬ t B YP ƫ“ B „ ØÊ
Jz L Ƭ G  Ê ^ T _ Q Ê L ‚ P YÊ T ŽD XƬ t B YP ƫ“ B „ ØÊ 6 ~ ©P  Jz L¯ t ” Ê
I Ȳ M H  Ê 7 B YÊ T Žy G I XÊ < K t ^ B y B YP ƫ“ B „ Ê 6 T ƫ Ê 7 M X Ê < } ²
] DXƒ B YP Xƫ ØÊ 6 T Ƭ G  Ê < ~ ] L X¸ ¢ Ê I Ȳ M H  Ê 7 K ¢ Ê < K Ê ^ B y B Ê
^T z ž  . இைத englishQ Ê < ~Lœ Ê ^ L˜ T ¢ Ê <K Ê
J Y_ K { ¢ ~ L X¯ u B „ ØÊ 6 ~Lœ ^ N Ê J Y_ K { I _ I Ê commentla < ¸ I YÊ
6 § ~ ©u B „

Daily Tips-2

^ L ˜  Ê^ L X¢ Êuse 7 ”  ÊDY} K ÊD Y} K Ê7 u B YQ ÊT Xƫ { _ I B „ ØÊInclude the


following small sentences in your daily usage.

< } K Ê7 v Dƫ N  What a surprise

< } K Ê6 L { I  Ù] B Xž _ M What nonsense

< } K Ê] T y B t ^ B ž What a shame

8 } K X„ ÊM ‘z ž  ÊM ‘z ž  ÊT Oy ž  Many happy returns of the day

DZ
t B YO Ê^ T B M XB ÊJ G Hurry up.Walk fast

7 M X Ê6 ~ L œ { I X} yes it is
8 ^ I XÊT ¯ B Y^ P } just coming

: u B „ ÊT Ž¯ ~ L ~ L œ As you like

^ T ² Ê= I XT ¢ Anything else

6 ¢ Ê^ L X¢  Thats enough

= } Ê8 ƒ _ Q ? Wny not?

] B Xx D ʕ G Ê8 ƒ _ Q Not a bit(or) Not the least

M YB º  Ê6 I YB  Too much

8 ƒ _ Q Ø? ¯ Ê^ L X¢  Ê8 ƒ _ Q NO. Not at all

L OT XN Žƒ _ Q It's ok

8 } §  Ê? } ²  Ê8 ƒ _ Q Nothing more

? } ²  ÊT Ž^ U DÊ
 Ê8 ƒ _ Q Nothing special

I N XOXB Ê8 ¯ Be ready (or) get ready

] M ¢ T XB Ê] Dƒ ÙJ G Go slowly/Walk slowly

6 _ I Ê: _ G t B X^ I Don't break it

M P t B X^ I Don't forget
7 u B YQ Ê8 Q t B H  -Pronoun Part2

8 | I ÊL I YT Žƒ Ê^ L v ˜ T S t B Yƒ Êuse 7 ”  Ê^ M ´  ÊDYQ ÊT _ B N XK Ê
Pronouns L ‚ P YL Xƫ t B Q X ØÊ< } K ÊT _ B N XK Êpronoun < } L ¢ Ê
« t B YN M ƒ Q ØÊ7 K Xƒ ÊB Z^ S Ê: „ R Table B _ R Ê? ¯ « _ P ÊL œ { ¢ Ê
J Y_ K T Žƒ Ê_ T { ¢ t ] B X„ R º  Ø
Pronoun < } P Xƒ Ê< } K Ê< } L _ I 8 u ” Òclick here) ] D } ² ÊL Xƫ t B º 

1. Reflexive Pronouns
2. Demonstrative Pronouns
3. Interrogative Pronouns
4. Inedefinite Pronouns

1.Reflexive pronoun:
The words myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves and themselves
are reflexive pronouns.

Myself நாேன
yourself J “^ N
himself அவேன
herself அவேள
itself 6 ¢ ^T
ourselves J X^ M ÙJ Xu B ^ R
yourselves J “u B ^ R

themselves 6 T ƫ B ^ R
Example:
1.My brother built this computer himself (< } Ê6 z H } அவேன 8 | I Êcomputer
] D€ I X} Ó
2.We baked the cake by ourselves. ( J Xu B ^ R 8 | I Êcake ] D€ ^ I X ÊÓ

2.Demonstrative Pronouns:
] L X¯ y B _ R ʔ P Y~ L Žy ž Ê] DXƒ Q Êdemonstrative pronoun use 7 B YP ¢ Ø
The words this, that, these and those are demonstrative pronouns.

this 8 ¢
that 6 ¢

these இைவ

those அைவ

they 6 T ƫ B „
Note:
1.These, Those 8 T ‚ P Y‚ ” ÊL I YQ XB They < } L _ I ­  ÊL N } L ž { I Q X Ø
2.Use this and these when you are talking about things near you.
3. Use that and those when you are talking about things farther away.
Example:
1.These are my books.( இைவ < } § _ G N Ê©{ I B u B „ ÊÓ
2.This is my desk. ( 8 ¢ < } § _ G N Êேமைச)
3.They are my friends. ( 6 T ƫ B „ < } § _ G N ÊJ z L ƫ B „ ÊÓ

3.Interrogative Pronouns:
^ B „ T ŽÊ^ B y L I ‚ ” ÊInterrogative pronouns use 7 B YP ¢ ØÊThe words who,whose,
what, which and whom are interrogative pronouns.

who N Xƫ
whose N X¯ _ G N

what <} K
which < | I

whom N X¯ t ”
Example:
1.Whose pen is this? (N X¯ _ G N ^ L K XÊ8 ¢ ? )
2. What is your brother’s name? ( : } § _ G N I  L ŽN Ž} Ê] L N ƫ Ê< } K ? )

4.Inedefinite Pronouns:
Most indefinite pronouns express the idea of quantity.

all < ƒ Q X
each ? † ] T X} ² 
most Bz œ ~ L XB
other M ‚ ] P X} ²
another 8 } ] K X} ²
either = I XT ¢
neither < ¢ º M Yƒ _ Q
several நிைறய
any < I XT ¢
everybody < ƒ ^ Q X¯ 

nobody N X¯ M Yƒ _ Q
some சில,DYQ ƫ
anybody N XOB Ý  Ê? ¯ T ƫ
everyone ? † ] T X¯ T ¯ 

none ? ¯ T ¯  Ê8 ƒ _ Q
somebody N X^ OXÊ? ¯ T ƫ

anyone N XOXT ¢ Ê? ¯ T ƫ
few ] B Xx D
no one ? ¯ T ¯  Ê8 ƒ _ Q
someone N XOXT ¢ Ê? ¯ T ƫ
both 8 ¯ T ¯ 
many பல,பQ ƫ
such 6 ¢ Ê^ L X} P
something = I XT ¢ Ê? } ²

Nothing ? } ² M Yƒ _ Q

Practice Exercise

Exercise 1: Fill with the suitable demonstartive pronouns(this,that,these,those)


Henry and I went for a walk on the beach. “What’s _____ over there?” I asked. “It looks like
broken glass,” said Henry. He gave me a bag. “Put it in _______,” he said. I put the broken glass
into the bag. “We’d better put ____ in the trash,” I said. He took the bag from me. “You have to
hold it like _______ ,” said Henry, “so that you don’t cut your hand.”

Exercise 2: Fill with the suitable pronouns(mine, yours, his, hers, ours and theirs)
1. I chose this seat first so it’s ___________.
2. Can we borrow your coloring pens? We’ve lost ________.
3. We live in the city and they live in the countryside. Our house is smaller than _________.
4. John, is this pencil _______?
5. Sally is looking for her gloves. Are these gloves ____________?
6. Can Julie use your bike? _________ is broken.
7. Tom got the books mixed up. He thought mine was ______ and his was __________.

Exercise 3: Fill with the suitable pronouns


1. Sometimes I wash the dishes all by ______ .
2. Dad had an accident. He cut________with a knife.
3. Sally washes the car by ______.
4. Do you think the doctor can cure _______when he is ill?
5. The cat stays clean by licking _____.
6. Anna and May made the dinner all by_________.
7. Mom lets me walk to school by _______ .
8. Can you dress ________ , boys and girls?
9. David can swim all by __________ now.
10. This light is automatic. It switches ________on at night.

Exercise 4: Fill with the suitable pronouns(who, whose, what, which and whom)
1.____ used all my paper?
2._____ is Mom talking to?
3._____ are those people?
4._____ pen is this?
5._____ are these shoes?
6._____ is your brother’s name?
7._____ does Tom want?
8._____ is the date today?
9._____ do you want to be
10._____you grow up?
11._____ of these desks is yours?
12._____ do you prefer?
13._____of your sisters is the tallest?
14._____ did the President criticize?
I YK DƬ Ê7 u B YQ ~ L N Ž‚ D YÊDaily Tips-3

J  « _ G N Ê^ L XK ÊL N Ž‚ DYN Žƒ ÊJ z L ƫ B _ R ÊL Xƫ { I Xƒ Ê^ L Dº  , J Q  Ê
T ŽDXƬ t B º  Ê T y“ œ ‚ t ” T | I T _ OÊ : y B XOÊ ] DXƒ T ¢ Ê T _ OÊ
L Xƫ { ^ I X Ø
8 I Yƒ Ê= I XT ¢ ÊD | ^ I B  Ê8 ¯ | I Xƒ 8 u ” ] D } ² ÊL Xƫ t B º  Ø

8 | I Ê L I YT Žƒ Ê T y“ œ ‚ t ” Ê T | I T ƫ B _ R Ê < ~ L œ Ê : L DƬ ~ L ¢ Ê < K Ê
L Xƫ t B Q X

1. T y“ œ ‚ t ” ÊT | I T Ƭ G  Êcoffee or tea ” œ t B Ê] DXƒ Q Have some coffee


(or) Have some Tea < } ² Ê ] DXƒ ´ u B „ Ê coffee ” œ t B YP ƫ“ B R XÊ < K t Ê
^ B y B Would you like to have some coffee? (or) Would you like to have some
tea? < K t Ê ^ B ¶ u B „ ØÊ 8 _ I ^ N Ê ˜ ¯ t B M XB How about coffee?
6 ƒ Q ¢ How about a cup of coffee? < } ² Ê^ B y B Q X Ø
2. J “u B „ Ê < } K Ê DX~ L ŽG Ê T Ž¯  ©B YP ƫ“ B „ Ê < } ² Ê ^ B y B What would
you like to have? < K t Ê^ B ¶ u B „ ØÊcoffee ” œ t B YP ƫ“ B R X? 6 ƒ Q ¢ Êtea
” œ t B YP ƫ“ B R X? < } ² Ê^ B y B Would you like to have coffee or tea?
3. J “u B „ ÊJ z L ƫ ÊT y“ œ ‚ t ” Ê] D } P Ê^ L X¢ ÊJ z L ƫ Ê: u B R G  How
about a cup of coffee? < } ² ^ B y G Xƒ Ê : u B ¶ t ” Ê coffee^ T z G X Ê
< } P Xƒ No. Thank you < } ² Ê ] DXƒ ´ u B „ ØÊ : u B ¶ t ” Ê coffee
DX~ L Žž  Ê L S t B  Ê 8 ƒ _ Q Ê < } P Xƒ I dont take coffee < } ² Ê
] DXƒ ´ u B „ Ê ØÊ T y“ œ Q Ȳ | ¢ 8 ~ ] L X¸ ¢ Ê I X} Ê DX~ L Žy ž Ê
T | I I XB t ʕ P No. thank you. just now I had < } ² Ê] DXƒ ´ u B „ Ø
4. T y“ œ ‚ t ” ÊT | I T ƫ Êcoffee ” œ t B XM ƒ Ê^ L DYt ] B Xz ž Ê8 ¯ | I Xƒ Ê
6 T Ƭ G  Please have your coffee Sir, it is getting cold 6 ƒ Q ¢ ʘ ¯ t B M XB
Have it please ] DXƒ ´ u B „ Ø
5. J z L ¯ t ” Ê ” ž { I Ê coffee N Žƒ Ê sugar ^ L X¢ M XK I XB Ê 8 ¯ t B YP I XÊ
< } ² Ê ^ B y B Ê T Ž¯  L ŽK Xƒ Is your coffee sweet enough? < } ² Ê
^ B ¶ u B „ ØÊ8 } §  Ê] B Xx D Ê^ Dƫ t B y ž M XÊ< } ² Ê^ B y B Shall I
add some more sugar? < } ² Ê^ B ¶ u B „
7 u B YQ Ê8 Q t B H  -Adjective

Adjective < } L ¢ Ê] L N ƫ v ] DXƒ _ Q ÊDYP ~ L Žt ”  Ê] DXƒ

 Noun and Pronouns DYP ~ L Ž{ ¢ Ê] DXƒ Q ÊAdjective L N } L ž B YP ¢ Ø


 Adjective M t B „ , 8 G u B „ Ê,] L X¯ y B „ Ê8 T ‚ _ P ÊL ‚ P YÊT ŽƬ T XB Ê
] DXƒ Q : I º B YP ¢ Ø
Example:
(1) Good Boy (2) Beautiful Car (3) Bad Weather.

8 I Yƒ ÊBoy, Car Weather < } L ¢ ÊNoun 7 ”  ØÊGood, Beautiful and Bad


ஆகியைவ Adjective 7 ”  ØÊ6 _ T ÊNoun L ‚ P YÊ8 } §  Ê] B Xx D Ê
T ŽƬ T XB Ê] D Xƒ B YP ¢ Ø
 (ie) Adjectives describe nouns and pronouns. They give you more information about
people, places, and things.

Types of Adjectives:
 சில Adjectives J YP u B _ R ÊL ‚ P Yʕ ² B YP ¢ ØÒSome adjectives tell about the
color of things.)
Example:

(1)a red carpet (2)a gray suit (3)a brown bear


(4)a white swan (5)an orange balloon (6)green peppers
 சில Adjectives M K I } Ê6 ƒ Q ¢ Ê] L X¯ y B R } Êsize L ‚ P Yʕ ² B YP ¢ ØÊ
(Some adjectives tell about the size of people or things.)
Example:

(1)a big house (2)a long bridge (3)tiny feet


(4)a large army (5)a high mountain (6)big hands
 சில Adjectives M K I } Ê6 ƒ Q ¢ Ê] L X¯ y B R } Êquality L ‚ P YÊ
• ² B YP ¢ Ø(Some adjectives tell what people or things are like by describing their
quality.)
Example:

(1)a handsome boy (2) an old uncle (3)a hot drink


(4)a poor family (5)a kind lady (6)a cold winter
 சில Adjectives ] L X¯ y B „ Ê< I K Xƒ Ê7 K ¢ Ê< } L _ I ÊL ‚ P YÊ
] DXƒ B YP ¢ ØÊ6 ¢ substances 7 ”  ÊÒSome adjectives tell what things are made
of. They refer to substances.)
Example:

(1)a plastic folder (2)a stone wall (3)a paper bag


(4) a metal box (5)a glass door (6) a silk dress
 சில Adjectives 8 G u B _ R Ê_ T { ¢ Ê] L X¯ y B _ R Ê6 ƒ Q ¢ Ê
M t B _ R ʕ ²  ØÊ6 ¢ adjectives of origin < K ~ L ž  ÊÒSome adjectives are
made from proper nouns of place. These adjectives are called adjectives of origin.)
Example:

(1)a Mexican hat (2)a British police officer (3)an American custom
(4)Washington apples (5)an Indian temple (6)an Italian car

The Order of Adjectives


 DYQ Ê^ J O Ê? ¯ Ênoun 6 ƒ Q ¢ Êpronoun L ‚ P YÊ] DXƒ Q Ê2 6 ƒ Q ¢ Ê3
Adjectives use 7 ”  ØÊ6 ~ ^ L X¢ ÊAdjectives i "size, quality, color,origin,
substance" < } P Êorder ƒ Ê^ L XG º 
Example:

(1)a small green plastic box


size color substance
(2)a stylish red Italian car
quality color origin

Commonly Used Adjectives:


 M t B „ , 8 G u B „ Ê,] L X¯ y B „ Ê8 T ‚ ² G } Ê] L X¢ T XB Ê^ L v ˜ Ê
T S t B Yƒ use 7 ”  ÊAdjectives B Z^ S Ê: „ R ÊTable ƒ Ê: „ R ¢ ØÊ8 _ I Ê2
6 ƒ Q ¢ Ê3 I O L œ { ¢ Ê^ L ˜  Ê^ L X¢ Êuse L z H ŽÊL S B º  Ø

Adjective related with Person


Affectionate L XD« „ R
Arrogant B ƫ T M XK
Adamant L Žœ T XI M XK
angry ேகாபமாக
Brave _ I ƬNÊ
மான
Clever ©{ I YDXQ YN XK
Dangerous 7 L { I XK
dead 8 P| I
Efficient திறைமயான
Fair அழகான
Famous ©B … T X€ | I
Generous தாராளமான
Gentle ^ M } _ M N XK
Helpful : I T ŽB OÊ
மான
Ê
Honest ^ J ƫ _ M N XK
hungry பசியாக
Indifferent 6 Q y D YN M XK
Innocent ] T ” R N XK
Jealous ெபாறாைமயான
Kind 6 } L XK
Lavish ; I XƬ { I K M XB
Mischievous ” ²  ©{ I K M XK
Miserly B ¯ M Y{ I K M XK
Notorious I “N _ T B R ƒ ÊL ŽOL Q M XK
Humorous J _ B v ˜ _ T N XK
Polite L H ŽT XK
Proud ] L ¯ M YI M XK
Plain ] T R ~ L _ G N XK
Quiet அைமதியான
rough B œ K M XK
responsible ] L X² ~ L XK
reliable J  L Žt _ B N XK
Sensitive : H ƫ v DYT D~ L ž 
Short tempered « } Ê^ B XL  Ê] B Xz G
Sincere : z _ M­ „ R
Selfish ˜ N J Q M XK
Strict Bz œ ~ L XK
Straight forward ? R º ÊM _ P T ‚ P
Sensible 6 P Yº „ R
Suspicious D| ^ I B { I Y‚ B YG M XK
Talented ©{ I YDXQ YN XK Ê
/திறைமயான
Timid _ I Ƭ N M Yƒ Q XI Ù^ B X_ S { I K 
tired B _ R ~ L XB
thirsty தாகமாக
Useless : L ^ N XB M ‚ P
Useful உபேயாகமான
Violent ] B Xž _ M N XK
Well educated J } ” ÊL œ { I
Weak ] M Q Y| I
Well off T D I Y­ „ R


 8 G u B „ ÊL ‚ P Yʔ P Y~ L Žž  ÊAdjectives

Adjective related with Place


Narrow ” ² B Q XK
Broad அகலமான
Crowded • y G  ÊJ Y_ P | I
Congested ] J Ƭ D Q XK
Clean ˜ { I M XK
Smooth ] M } _ M N XK
Waterlogged I z H ƫ“Ê^ I u B YN
Slushy ^ D²  ÊDB I Y­ M XB
Slippery T ¸ t B Q XB
Uneven DM M Yƒ Q XM ƒ


 T y“ _ G ~ L ‚ P Yʔ P Y~ L Žž  ÊAdjectives.

Adjective related with House


Airy B X‚ ^ P Xy G M XK
Bright ] T R v DM XK
Big and spacious ] L Ƭ N ÊT ŽDXQ M XK
Convenient வசதியான
Dilapilated L XS _ G | I
Remote ] I X_ Q T Žƒ
Well ventilated B X‚ ^ P Xy G M XK
Stuffy அைடசலான
Untidy ? ¸ u B‚ P
Spick and span ˜ { I M XB
Vacant காலியாக


 ] L X¯ y B „ ÊL ‚ P Yʔ P Y~ L Žž  ÊAdjectives.

Adjective related with Things


Fresh ©I YI XK Ê
Rotten 6 ¸ B YN
Sour ©R ~ L XK
Dirty 6 ¸ t B XB
Dry : Q ƫ| I
Costly T Ž_ Q Ê6 I YB M XB
Salty : T ƫ ~ L XB
Tender இளசான
Thin ] M Q Y| I
Murky B Q u B Q XB

7 u B YQ { I Yƒ Ê^ B „ T ŽÊ^ B y B & L I Yƒ Ê] D Xƒ Q

7 u B YQ { I Yƒ Ê^ L ˜  Ê] L X¢ ÊJ M t ” ÊT ¯  Êdoubt கைள
^ B „ T ŽB R X€ ^ B y B ÊB Z^ S Ê: „ R Êshort questions i L œ { ¢ Ê^ L ˜  Ê^ L X¢ Êuse
Lz H ŽÊL S B º  Ø

1. 6 ¢ Ê< } K ?
What is that?
2. N Xƫ Ê6 ¢ ?
Who is that?
3. < I ‚ ” Ù< I ‚ B XB ?
What for?
4. < ¢ ?
Which one?
5. 6 ž { I ¢ Ê< } K ?
What next?
6. = } ʕ G X¢ ?
Why not?
7. = } Ê6 ~ L œ ?
Why so?
8. < † T R º Ê^ J O ?
How long?
9. < † T R º Ê£ O ?
How far?
10. < † T R º ?
How much?
11. < { I _ K ?
How many?
12. : K t ” { ] I Ƭ ­ M X?
Do you know?
13. : K t ” { ] I Ƭ N XI X?
Dont you know?
14. : K t ” ÊF XL B M Ȳ t B YP I X?
Do you remember?
15. : K t ” ÊF XL B M Yƒ _ Q N X?
Dont you remember?
16. 6 ¢ ÊJ } P XB Ê^ T _ Q Ê] D€ B YP I X?
Does it work well?
17. J “Ê©_ B ÊL Žœ ~ L XN X?
Do you smoke?
18. J “Ê©_ B ÊL Žœ ~ L I Yƒ _ Q N X?
Dont you smoke?
19. : K t ” Êcoffee L Žœ t ” M X?
Do you like coffee?
20. : K t ” Êcoffee L Žœ t B XI X?
Dont you like coffee?

N XOXT ¢ Ê: u B R G  Ê7 u B YQ { I Yƒ questions = I XT ¢ Ê^ B y G Xƒ Ê6 I ‚ ”
I M YS Yƒ ÊL I Yƒ Ê] D Xƒ T I ‚ ” ÊL I YQ XB ÊB Z^ S Ê: „ R ÊL I Yƒ B _ R Ê^ L ˜  Ê
^ L X¢ Êuse L z H º  Ø

1. 7 M X
Yes
2. 8 ƒ _ Q
No.
3. 6 † T R º I X} Ø
Thats all.
4. DƬ ÊL OT XN Žƒ _ Q
Ok. Its all right.
5. ? } ² M Yƒ _ Q
Nothing
6. B T _ Q ~ L G Ê< ¢ º M Yƒ _ Q
Nothing to worry
7. J Yv DN M XB
Surely/Certainly
8. : z _ M N Žƒ
Of course/Indeed
9. 6 ~ L œ { I X} ÊJ Y_ K t B Y^ P } Ø
I think so
10. 6 ~ L œ { I X} ÊJ  ©B Y^ P }
I hope so/I believe so
11. 6 ~ L œ { I X} Ê] I Ƭ B YP ¢
It seems so
12. 6 ~ L œ { I X} Ê^ I X} ² B YP ¢ Ø
It appears so
13. J X} Ê6 ~ L œ ÊJ Y_ K t B T Žƒ _ Q
I dont think so
14. J X} Ê6 ~ L œ ÊJ  L T Žƒ _ Q
I dont believe so
15. 6 ~ L œ { Ê] I Ƭ N T Žƒ _ Q
It doesn't seem so
16. 6 ~ L œ { Ê^ I X} P T Žƒ _ Q Ø
It doesn't appear so.
17. ] OX L Ê^ M XD
It's too bad
18. B XQ  ÊB G | ¢ ÊT Žy G ¢
Its too late.

####################################

I YK DƬ Ê7 u B YQ ~ L N Ž‚ D YÊDaily Tips-4

J  « _ G N Ê ^ L XK Ê L N Ž‚ D YN Žƒ Ê J z L ƫ B _ R Ê L Xƫ { I Xƒ Ê ^ L Dº  , J Q 
T ŽDXƬ t B º  Ê T y“ œ ‚ t ” T | I T _ OÊ : y B XOÊ ] DXƒ Q YÊ : L DXO Ê ] D€ T ¢ Ê
வைர L Xƫ { ^ I X Ø8 I Yƒ Ê = I XT ¢ Ê D| ^ I B  Ê 8 ¯ | I Xƒ 8 u ” ] D} ² Ê
L Xƫ t B º  Ø
8 | I Ê L N Ž‚ DYN Žƒ Ê T y“ œ ‚ t ” Ê T | I T Ƭ G  Ê DB E M XB Ê ^ L ˜ T ¢ Ê L ‚ P YÊ
L Xƫ t B Q X .

1.

T y“ œ ‚ t ” Ê T | I Ê J z L ƫÊ < ¢ º  Ê ^ T z G X Ê < } ² Ê ] DX} K Xƒ Ê


6 T Ƭ G  Ê] B Xx D Êjuice 7 T ¢ ʔ œ ­ u B „ Ê< } ² Ê] DXƒ Q Why don't you
have some juice atleast? < } ² Ê] DXƒ ´ u B „ Ø

2.

J X Ê DX~ L Žž  Ê ^ L X¢ Ê 6 ƒ Q ¢ Ê T y“ œ ‚ t ” Ê T | I Ê J z L _ OÊ M I YN  Ê
DX~ L ŽG Ê6 _ S t B Come on,have lunch with us < } ² ʕ ~ L Žž u B „ Ê6 ƒ Q ¢ How
about having lunch with us? < } ² Ê^ B y B Q X Ø

3.

DX~ L Žž  Ê^ L X¢ Ê8 } §  Ê] B Xx D ÊDXI  Ê^ T    Ê< } ² Ê^ B y B Rice


please? <} ² Ê ˜ ¯ t B M XB Ê ^ B y B Q X ØÊ T Ž¯ | I Yƒ Ê
DX~ L Žy ž t ] B Xz œ ¯ t ”  Ê ] L X¢ Ê DXI  Ê ^ T z ž  Ê < } ² Ê L H ŽT XB Ê
^ B y B May I have some more rice please? < } ² Ê^ B y B Q X Ø

4.

Jz L ƫ Ê: u B R G  Êsnacks/drinks/tea/coffee = I XT ¢ ÊDX~ L Žž B YP ƫ“ B R XÊ< K t Ê


^ B y G Xƒ Ê: u B ¶ t ” Ê^ T z ž  Ê< } P Xƒ Yes please < } ² Ê] DXƒ Q Q X Ê
6 ƒ Q¢ Ê 'J X} Ê ^T z G X Ê <} ² Ê ] DXƒ Q Ê M Xy ^ G } ' <} ² Ê
T Ž_ R N Xy G XB Ê] DXƒ Q I won't say no < } ² Ê] DXƒ Q Q X Ø
5.

Jz L Ƭ G  Ê ^ L DYÊ T Žy ž Ê T Ž_ G Ê ] L ²  Ê ^ L X¢ Ê ˜ ¯ t B M XB Bye.See you


6 ƒ Q ¢ See you later < } ² Ê] DXƒ Q Q X ØÊ^ J OM XB YP ¢ Ê©P ~ L G Ê^ T z ž  Ê
< } ² Ê ] DXƒ Q Sorry, it is getting late, I have got to leave now. See you later < } ² Ê
• ² u B „ ØÊ M ‘z ž  Ê D | I Yt B Q X Ê < } ² Ê ] DXƒ Q See you again < } ² Ê
] DXƒ Q Q X ØÊ L ŽP ” Ê D| I Yt B Q X Ê < } ² Ê ] DXƒ Q See you later < } ² Ê
] DXƒ Q Q X Ø

6.
Jz L Ƭ G  Ê T Ž_ G Ê ] L ²  Ê ^ L X¢ Ê 6 T ƫ Ê = I XT ¢ Ê £ OM XB Ê L N H  Ê
] D€ I Xƒ Have a nice journey < } ² Ê] DXƒ Q Q X ØÊ8 ¢ Ê^ L Xƒ Have a niceday ,
Have a nice week end < } ²  Ê] DXƒ Q Q X

7 u B YQ ÊVocabulary L N Ž‚ D Y-1 (Vocabulary related with family and


Marriage)

7 u B YQ { I Yƒ Ê^ L ˜ T I ‚ t ” ] T ²  ÊGrammar M y ž  Ê] I Ƭ | I Xƒ Ê^ L XI X¢ ØÊ
6 I Yƒ Ê ^ L ˜  Ê T Xƫ { _ I B ¶  ] I Ƭ N Ê ^ T z ž  ØÊ L Q Ê T Xƫ { _ I B „ Ê ^ Dƫ | ¢ Ê
I X} Êsentence /conversation 7 B YP ¢ ØÊ8 | I ÊL N Ž‚ DYN Žƒ ÊJ X Ê7 u B YQ { I Yƒ ÊI u ” Ê
I _ G N Ž} P YÊ ^ L ˜ T I ‚ ” ^ I _ T N XK Ê T Xƫ { _ I B „ Ê L œ t B Ê 8 ¯ t B Y^ P X ØÊ
8 I Yƒ Ê L Q Ê : u B ¶ t ” Ê = ‚ B K ^ T ] I Ƭ | I _ T N XB Ê 8 ¯ t B Q X ØÊ ] I Ƭ | I ¢ Ê
< K §  Ê? ¯ Ê« _ P ÊL œ { ¢ Ê] B X„ R º  Ø

8 } _ P N Ê L N Ž‚ DYN Žƒ Ê ” ž  L { I Yƒ , : P º B R ƒ Ê : „ R T ƫ B _ R Ê
< † T X² 7 u B YQ { I Yƒ Ê 6 _ S ~ L ¢ ,: P º Ê « _ P B_ R Ê < † T X² Ê
7 u B YQ { I Yƒ Ê] DXƒ T ¢ Ê< } L _ I L ‚ P YÊL Xƫ t B Q X Ø

Vocabulary related with the family

Father 6 ~LX
Mother 6  MX

Son MB}

Daughter MB„

Parent ] L ‚ ^ P Xƫ

Child ” S| _ I

Husband BH T ƫ

Wife M_ K T Ž

Brother D^ B XI O}

Sister D^ B XI Ƭ

Uncle M XM XÙDY{ I ~ L X

Aunty M XM YÙ6 { _ I ÙDY{ I Y

Nephew : G } L ŽP | I Xƫ ÊM B } ÒÊD^ B XI O} ÙD^ B XI Ƭ ÊM B } Ó

Niece : G } L ŽP | I Xƫ ÊM B „ ÒÊD^ B XI O} ÙD^ B XI Ƭ ÊM B „ Ó

Relation ] DX| I  Ù: P º

Relative ] DX| I t B XOu B

Twin 8 Oy _ G t ʔ S | _ I B ¶ „ Ê? } ²

Grandfather/Granddad/Grandpa I X{ I X

Grandmother/Granny/Grandma L Xy œ

Grandparent ] L ‚ ^ P X_ O~ Ê] L ‚ P T ƫ
Grandson ^ L O}

Grand daughter ^ L{ I Y

Grand child ^ L Ot ” S | _ I B „

Cousin 6 { _ I ÙM XM XÙDY{ I ~ L XÙ] L Ƭ N ~ L Xʔ S | _ I B „

God father F XK { I B ~ L }

Godmohter F XK { I X€

Stepfather I XN Ž} ÊB H T }

Stepmother I | _ I N Ž} ÊM _ K T ŽÙM X‚ P X| I X€

Stepson B H T } ÙM _ K T ŽN Ž} ÊM B }

Stepdaughter B H T } ÙM _ K T ŽN Ž} ÊM B „

Stepbrother/half-brother M X‚ P X| I | _ I ÙM X‚ P X| I XN Ž} ÊM B }

Stepsister/half-sister M X‚ P X| I | _ I ÙM X‚ P X| I XN Ž} ÊM B „

Vocabulary related with the marriage

Single I Ȳ M H M XB XI T ƫ

Engaged J Yv DN  Ê] D€ N L y G

Married I Ȳ M H  Ê7 K

Separeted L ŽƬ | ¢ ÊI K I K N XB ÊT X… L T ƫ

Divorsed T ŽT XB O{ I XK
Marriage/Wedding I Ȳ M H 

Bride MH M B„

Bridegroom MH M B}

Fiance J Yv _ DN Žt B ~ L y G Ê7 z

Fiancee J Yv _ DN Žt B ~ L y G Ê] L z

Boyfriend B XI Q Yt ”  Ê_ L N }

Girlfriend B XI Q Yt ”  Ê] L z

Mother-in-law M XM YN Xƫ

Father-in-law M XM K Xƫ

Son-in-law M¯ MB}

Daughter-in-law M¯ MB„

Sister-in-law J X{ I K Xƫ

Brother-in-law B H T } ÙM _ K T ŽN Ž} Ê6 z H } ÙI  L Ž

Adopted I { ¢ Ê< ž { I

Widow T ŽI _ T

Widower M _ K T Ž_ N Ê8 S | I T ƫ

Infant L ŽP | I ʔ S | _ I Ù7 T N ¢ t ” Ê: y L y G ʔ S | _ I

Toddler I R ƫ J _ G ÊJ G t ”  ʔ S | _ I
7 u B YQ Ê8 Q t B H  -Preposition

 ? ¯ Ê T Xƫ { _ I _ N Ê 8 } ] K X¯ Ê T Xƫ { _ I ­ G } Ê 8 _ H t B Ê preposition
L N } L ž B YP ¢ ØÊÒPrepositions are words that shows connection between other words).
 Exampe:"J X} Ê ©Ƭ N XI Ê L XG  L‚ P Y Lœ t B மாைலN Žƒ 7 D YƬ N ƫ Ê
T y“ œ ‚ t ” ] D} ^ P } Ì 8 | I Ê T Xt B YN { I Yƒ Ê J X Ê ^ L v ˜ Ê T S t B Yƒ Ê
L N } L ž { ¢  Ê 'L ‚ P Y', L œ 't B ', T y“ œ ‚ 't ” ', மாைல'N Žƒ ' ^ L X} P _ T Ê
preposition 7 ”  Ø
 Preposition < } P Xƒ « } K _ G v ] DXƒ pre < } P Xƒ Ê '« } K Xƒ ' position
< } P Xƒ Ê'8 G  ' < } ² Ê] L X¯ „
 PrepositionB „ Ê ] L ¯  L X´  Ê Noun t ” Ê « } K Xƒ Ê 8 G  Ê ] L ² B Y} P ¢ Ø
< u B Ȳ | ¢ Ê T ¯ B YP ƫ“ B „ Ê < K Ê ^ B y ”  Ê ^ L X¢ Ê 8 | I YN XT ŽQ Ȳ | ¢ Ê < K Ê
] DXƒ Q From India < } ² Ê] DXƒ Q Q X ØÊ6 ^ I ÊM XI YƬ Ê8 | I YN Xº t ” Ê< K Ê
] DXƒ Q ÊTo India < } ² Ê] DXƒ Q Ê^ T z ž 

In and At:
 ] L X¢ T XB Ê] L Ƭ N ÊJ B Ou B _ R t ʔ P Y~ L Žž  ^ L X¢ ÊIn < } L _ I ­  , சிறிய
; ƫ B _ R t ʔ P Y~ L Žž  ^ L X¢ ÊAt < } L _ I ­  Ê: L ^ N XB Yt B Ê^ T z ž 
Example: In Chennai, At Nagercoil
 காைல, M X_ Q ÊL ‚ P Yʔ P Y~ L ŽG ÊIn : I º B YP ¢
Example:

1. In the morning ( B X_ Q N Žƒ ÊÓ
2. In the evening ( M X_ Q N Žƒ ÊÓ
3. In my house ( < } § _ G N ÊT y“ œ ƒ ÊÓ
 M XI u B „ ÊM ‚ ²  ÊB XQ ÊJ Y_ Q B _ R ÊL ‚ P YÊ^ L ˜  Ê^ L X¢ ÊIn
L N } L ž B YP ¢ ØExamle: In January, In December, In April , In spring, In summer,In autumn,
In winter
 At < } L _ I Ê8 G { _ I ~ ÊL ‚ P Yʔ P Y~ L ŽG º  , ^ J O{ _ I ~ L ‚ P YÊ
” P Y~ L ŽG º  ÊL N } L ž { I Q X
Example :

1. at Nagercoil (J XB ƫ ^ B XT ŽQ Yƒ Ó
2. at 10'o clock ( 10 M H Žt ” Ù10 M H ŽN R T Žƒ ÊÓ
3. at night ( 8 OT Žƒ ÊÓ

6 œ t Bœ Ê ^ Lv ˜ Ê T S t B Yƒ Ê use 7 ”  Ê prepositions கீ ேழ Table ƒ


] B Xž t B ~ L y ž „ R ¢ ØÊ DYOM  Ê L Xƫ t B XM ƒ Ê Lœ { ¢ Ê ^ L˜  Ê ^ L X¢
L N } L ž { I Yt ] B X„ R º  Ø

Prepositions

Preposition Meaning

At 8 ƒ

After L ŽP ”

About L‚ PY

Along வழிேய/ஊேட

Among M { I YN Žƒ

Among M { I YN Žƒ

Among M { I YN Žƒ

Around ˜ ‚ P Ý 

Against எதிராக

As ேபால

Above ேமேல

By 7 ƒ Ù¬ Q M XB

Before « } K Xƒ
Below 6 œ N Žƒ

Beside L t B { I Yƒ

Between 8 _ G N Žƒ

Beyond 6 ~ L Xƒ

Beneath 6 œ N Žƒ

Except I T ŽO

In 8 ƒ Ù: „ ^ R

Inside : y L t B { I Yƒ

For t ” Ùt B XB

From 8 ¯ | ¢

Like ேபால

Of உைடய

On ேமேல

To t ”

Through ¬ Q M XB

Towards ^ J OXB ÙDXƫ L XB

Upon ேமேல

Under கீ ேழ
Near 6 ¯ B Yƒ

During ] L X¸ ¢

With : G } Ù@ ž

Without 8 ƒ Q XM ƒ

Within : „ Ù: „ ^ R

Prepositions of place
சில prepositions 8 G { ¢ G } Ê] I XG ƫ ©_ G N Ê] DN ƒ B _ R ʔ P Y~ L ŽG Ê
L N } L ž B YP ¢ Øunder, underneath, over, inside, beside, in , in front of, on top of, in the middle of
^ L X} P _ T Ê8 G { _ I ÊL ‚ P Yʔ P Y~ L ŽG ÊL N } L ž B YP ¢
Example:

1. Nivi was sitting under a tree ( Nivi M O{ I Y} Ê6 œ N Žƒ Ê: y B Xƫ | ¢ Ê8 ¯ | I X„ Ó


2. There's a woodenfloor underneath the carpet (Carpett ” Ê6 œ N Žƒ ÊM O{ I YQ XK ÊI _ OÊ
: „ R ¢ Ó
3. Some birds flew over their houses
4. John and smith were hiding inside the wardrobe.
5. There was a tree beside the river
6. I have a friend who lives in Chennai.
7. A big truck parked in front of their car
8. The cat jumped on top of the cupboard

Posted by Sunitha at 12:57 8 comments

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Labels: Grammar
7 u B YQ Ê^ L v ˜ ÊL N Ž‚ D Y-Video Excercise1

http://tamiltospokenenglish.blogspot.com/2010/09/video-excercise_19.html

Watch this video and pay attention to the way he pronounces the words we normally use. Incase
you dont understand what he says, read the subtitle given below and watch the video again.

7 u B YQ { I Yƒ Ê ^ L ˜ T I ‚ t ” Ê grammar L œ { I Xƒ Ê M y ž  Ê ^ L XI X¢ Ø
7 u B YQ { I Yƒ Ê ^ L DYÊ LS ” T ¢ Ê M YB º  Ê « t B YN  ØÊ J X Ê ? ¯ T Ƭ G  Ê
7 u B YQ { I Yƒ ^ L ˜  Ê ^ L X¢ Ê 6 T ƫ Ê ^ L ˜ T ¢ Ê J M t ” Ê ©Ƭ N Ê ^ T z ž  Ê J X Ê
^ L˜ T ¢ Ê 6 † ¯ t ” ©Ƭ N Ê ^ T z ž  Ê 6 I ‚ ” Ê I X} Ê 8 | I Ê ^ L v ˜ Ê L N Ž‚ DYØÊ
VideoT Žƒ Ê^ L ˜ T ¢ ©Ƭ B YP I XÊ< K ÊL X¯ u B „ Ê8 ƒ _ Q Ê< } P Xƒ Êvideoைவ ஓட
T Žy ž ÊB Z^ S Ê: „ R subtitles i L œ ­ u B „ ØÊ6 ~ ©‚  Êvideo_ T ÊM y ž  Ê? G ÊT Žy ž Ê
subtitles L Xƫ t B XM ƒ Ê^ L DYÊL S ” u B „ Ø

Subtitles

Hello Again, This is Michael


Today's lesson is a simple conversation lesson using five words
What.. Where.. Who.. Why.. and How..

This is a conversation lesson, short conversation lesson, but also a past-tense lesson.

For example,

What - What did you do yesterday?


I went to beach...
Where - Where did you go?
I went to Venice, in Southern California...

Who - Who did you go with?


I went with my friends...

Why - Why did you go?


I love the beach. It was a beautiful day...

How - How was it?


I was very warm... crowded; but very relaxing...

Now follow-up
How about you? What did you do yesterday?
I went for a walk..

Where?
In my neighbourhood

With who?
With or by myself

Why?
It was my day-off and it was a beautiful day

How was it?


It was very relaxing and good exercise may be

Thats it.. Who Where.. Excuse me


What, Where, Who, Why , How
Five question words for english learners? And these can also be used for future tense too
For example,

What will you do today? What will you do tonight?


Where will you go?
Who with?
Why?
and How?

So, weather it is past or future or the present tense, these are five useful words for simple english
conversation
Thank you for listening and see you next time
Bye bye.. so long

I YK DƬ Ê7 u B YQ ~ L N Ž‚ D YÊDaily Tips-5

J  « _ G N Ê^ L XK ÊL N Ž‚ DYB R ƒ ÊJ z L ƫ B _ R ÊL Xƫ { I Xƒ Ê^ L Dº  , J Q 
T ŽDXƬ t B º  Ê T y“ œ ‚ t ” T | I T _ OÊ : y B XOÊ ] DXƒ Q YÊ : L DXO Ê ] D€ T ¢  ,
T | I T Ƭ G  Ê DB E M XB Ê ^ L ˜ T ¢ Ê L ‚ P Y­  L Xƫ { ^ I X Ø8 I Yƒ Ê = I XT ¢ Ê
D| ^ I B  8 ¯ | I Xƒ 8 u ” ] D} ² Ê L Xƫ t B º  Ø
8 | I Ê L N Ž‚ DYN Žƒ Ê J “z G Ê J Xy B R XB Ê L Xƫ t B XI Ê J z L ƫÊ 6 ƒ Q ¢ Ê
: P T ŽK Ƭ G  Ê^ L ˜ T ¢ ÊL ‚ P YÊL Xƫ t B Q X Ø

1.

DY} K Ê T N I Yƒ Ê L S B YN Ê J L _ OÊ 6 ƒ Q ¢ Ê J z L _ OÊ D| I Yt ”  Ê ^ L X¢ Ê
Ì: } _ K Ù: u B _ R J X} Ê 8 ¢ t ” Ê « } K Xƒ Ê < u ^ B ^ N XÊ
L Xƫ { I Ȳ t ^ B } ÌÊ < } ² Ê ] DXƒ Q I have seen you somewhere என
] DXƒ Q Q X Ê 8 _ I ^ N Ê ] B Xx D Ê M Ƭ N X_ I N XB ] DXƒ Q Sir, I have seen
you before < } ²  Ê] DXƒ Q Q X Ø

2.
J “z G Ê J Xy B R XB Ê L Xƫ t B XI Ê J z L Ƭ G  Ê 8 ~ ^ L X¢ Ê < } K Ê ^ T _ Q Ê
] D€ B YP Xƫ Ê< K t Ê^ B y B What are you doing now? (or) Where are you working now?
< K t Ê^ B y B Q X ØÊ6 T ƫ Ê< u ” ÊI u B YÊ8 ¯ t B YP Xƫ Ê< K t Ê^ B y B Where are
you staying? < } ² Ê^ B ¶ u B „

3.

: u B „ ÊJ z L Ƭ G  Ê: K t ” { ÊI Ȳ M H  Ê7 B YT Žy G I X? < K t Ê^ B y B Are
you married? < K t Ê ^ B y B Q X Ø 6 T ƫ Ê I Ȳ M H  Ê 7 B YÊ T Žy G ¢ Ê < K Ê
] DX} K Xƒ Ê < ~ ] L X¸ ¢ Ê I Ȳ M H  Ê 7 K ¢ Ê < K t ^ B y B When did you get
married? < K t ^ B ¶ u B „

4.

J “u B „ Ê ] J ž J XR XB Ê T y“ œ ‚ t ” Ê ] T R ^ N Ê L Xƫ { I Ê J L Ƭ G  Ê I Y ] OK Ê
^ L˜  D| I ƫ ~ L  Ê 6 _ M | I Xƒ Ê 6 T Ƭ G  Ê « I Q Yƒ Ê : u B „ Ê ] L N ƫ Ê
] DXƒ Q YÊ 6 P Y« B  Ê 7 B Y ] B Xz ž Ê 6 T _ O~ L ‚ P YÊ T ŽDXƬ ­ u B „
Hello I am Sunitha.
Your face is quite familiar to me.
Do you live around here?
: u B „ Ê « B  Ê M YB º  Ê L S B YN Ê « B  Ê ^ L XQ Ê 8 ¯ t B YP ¢ ØÊ J “u B „ Ê
6 ¯ B Yƒ ÊI X} ÊT DYt B YP ƫ“ B R X? < K t Ê^ B y B Q X Ø

5.

: u B„ Ê J z L ƫ Ê T y“ œ ^ Q XÊ 6 ƒ Q ¢ Ê : u B ¶ t ” { Ê ] I Ƭ | I T Ƭ } Ê
Jz L _ O^ N X, : P T ŽK _ O^ N XÊ D| I Yt ”  Ê T X€ ~ ©Ê B Y_ G { I Xƒ Ê
« I Q Yƒ Ê : u B_ R 6 P Y« B ~ L ž { I Yt ] B Xz ž Ê : u B„ Ê Jz L _ OÊ
6 T ¯ t ” { Ê ] I Ƭ ­ M XÊ <K t Ê ^ By B
Hello, I am Sunitha.
I have seen you before
Are you related to Mr.Prem?< } ² Ê^ B ¶ u B „
6.

] L X¸ ¢ Ê ^ L XB XM ƒ Ê Bus/train B X{ I Ȳ t ”  Ê ^ L X¢ Ê L t B { I Yƒ Ê
8 ¯ ~ L T Ƭ G  ^ L v ˜ Ê ] B Xž t B Ê weaher L ‚ P YÊ ^ L DQ X ØÊ ] OX L Ê ” R OXB Ê
8 ¯ t ” < K v ] DXƒ Q It is too cold today, isn't it? < } ² Ê 7 O L Žt B Q X ØÊ
N XOXT ¢ Ê : u B R G  It is too cold today, isn't it? < K v ] DX} K Xƒ Ê 7 M X Ê
< K v Ê] DXƒ Q yes, it is so < } ² Ê] DXƒ ´ u B „

7 u B YQ Ê8 Q t B H  -Verb( T Ž_ K v ] DXƒ ÊÓ

Verb:
 It is a word which says something about the noun. It tells us what did the noun do.
 Noun ] D€ ­  Ê] D N ƒ B _ R ÊT Ž_ K v ] DXƒ Ê< } B Y^ P X Ø
Example:
Anand is Playing foot ball ( Anand football T Ž_ R N Xž B YP X} Ó
8 I Yƒ T Ž_ R N Xž B YP X} Ê< } L ¢ Êverb 7 ”  ØÊ8 _ I Ê^ L Xƒ ÊB X_ Q N Žƒ Ê
L ž t _ B N ŽQ Ȳ | ¢ < ¸ T ¢ , ” R ~ L ¢ , DX~ L Žž T ¢ , J G ~ L ¢ , ^ L ˜ T ¢ Ê
DYƬ ~ L ¢ , £ u ” T ¢ 8 _ T Ê6 _ K { ¢  Ê] DN ƒ B R X”  Ø8 T ‚ _ P Ê
] DXƒ T ¢ ÊT Ž_ K v ] DXƒ Òverb)
 ? ¯ ÊT Ž_ K v ] DXƒ Q Y} Ê6 ƫ { I  Ê6 v ] DN _ Q v Ê] D€ ­  ÊJ L ¯ t ^ B ‚ L Ê
M X² L ž  Ø
Example

I walk J X} ÊJ G t B Y^ P }

you walk J “ÊJ G t B YP X€

They walk 6 T ƫ B „ ÊJ G t B YP Xƫ B „

We walk J Xu B „ ÊJ G t B Y^ P X
 8 I Yƒ Êwalk < } P Êverb 6 v ] D N _ Q Ê] D€ L T ¯ t ” Ê= ‚ L ÊJ G t B Y^ P } ,
J G t B YP X€ , J G t B YP Xƫ B „ , J G t B Y^ P X Ê< K ÊM XP YÊT ¯ B YP ¢

Types Of Verbs:
1. Regular Verb
2. Irregular Verb

1.Regular Verb:

 A verb is said to be regular when it forms the past tense by adding 'ed' to the present or 'd' if the
verb ends in 'e'.
 B G | I ÊB XQ Ê] DN ƒ B _ R ʔ P Yt B Êregular verb : G } Êed M y ž  Ê^ Dƫ { I Xƒ Ê
^ L X¢  Ø
Example:
Ask Advice call cry collect fail join
 B Z^ S Ê: „ R ÊTableƒ Êregular verb list : „ R ¢ ØÊ^ J O ÊB Y_ G t ”  Ê^ L X¢
L œ { ¢ ÊJ Y_ K T Žƒ Ê_ T { ¢ t ] B X„ R º  ØÊ^ L ˜  Ê^ L X¢ Ê8 | I Êverbகைள
use L z H Ž] B X„ R º  Ø

Commonly used Regular Verbs

Ask ^ B„

Announce ] I ƬT Ž

Agree ? { ¢ t ] B X„

Accept = ‚ ² t ] B X„

Admit ? ~ ©t ] B X„

Appear ^ I X} ²

Advice 6 P Yº _ OÊT S u ”

Arrange 6 ž t B YÊ_ T
Aim ” P Y_ T

Appoint நியமி

Arrive T | I _ G

Argue T ŽT XI Y

Attack I Xt ”

Abscond I _ Q M _ P T X”

Act Jœ

Admire ] Mv ˜

Advance « } ^K ²

L XI Yt ”  L œ Ê
Affect
] D€

Borrow B G } ÊT Xu ”

Believe J ©

Blame I Yy ž

Bother B T _ Q Ê] B X„

Beware E Xt B YO_ I

call அைழ

Consider B¯ ¢

Change M X‚ ²
Cheat = M X‚ ²

Criticise ” _ P• ²

Cry 6 ¸

Capture _ B~L‚ ²

Carry ˜ M | ¢ Ê] Dƒ

Collect ^ DB Ƭ

Continue ] I XG ƫ | ¢ Ê] D€

Construct By ž

Clash ^ M X¢

Commence 7 O L Ž

Compensate 9 ž B y ž

Calculate B H t B Yž

canvass 7 I Oº Ê^ I ž

Caution < v DƬ t _ B ] D€

Clarify ] I R T Xt ”

Challange DT Xƒ ÊT Žž

Communicate ] I Ƭ T Ž

Close ¬ ž

Consult கQ | ¢ Ê7 ^ Q XD Y
Count <z  

Chase ¢ O{ ¢

7 u B YQ ÊVocabulary L N Ž‚ D Y-2(Vocabulary related with weather)

http://tamiltospokenenglish.blogspot.com/2010/09/watch-this-video-and-pay-
attention-to.html

7 u B YQ { I Yƒ Ê ^ L ˜ T I ‚ t ” Ê ] T ²  Ê Grammar M y ž  Ê ] I Ƭ | I Xƒ Ê
^ L XI X¢ Ø6 I Yƒ Ê^ L ˜  ÊT Xƫ { _ I B ¶  Ê] I Ƭ N Ê^ T z ž  ØÊL Q ÊT Xƫ { _ I B „ Ê
^ Dƫ | ¢ Ê I X} sentence /conversation 7 B YP ¢ ØÊ 8 | I Ê L N Ž‚ DYN Žƒ Ê J X Ê
7 u B YQ { I Yƒ Ê I u ” I _ G N Ž} P YÊ ^ L ˜ T I ‚ ” Ê ^ I _ T N XK Ê T Xƫ { _ I B „ Ê
L œ t B Ê 8 ¯ t B Y^ P X ØÊ 8 I Yƒ Ê L Q : u B ¶ t ” Ê = ‚ B K ^ T Ê ] I Ƭ | I _ T N XB Ê
8 ¯ t B Q X ØÊ] I Ƭ | I ¢ Ê< K §  Ê? ¯ Ê« _ P L œ { ¢ Ê] B X„ R º  Ø

8 } _ P N Ê L N Ž‚ DYN Žƒ Ê M _ S , ] T N Žƒ , L K Ê ^ L X} P Ê B XQ Ê J Y_ Q B _ R Ê
< † T X² Ê7 u B YQ { I Yƒ Ê] DXƒ T ¢ Ê< } L _ I ÊL ‚ P YÊL Xƫ t B Q X Ø

Vocabulary related with weather

Rain மைழ

Snow L K M _ S

fog ¬ ž LK 

ice L K t B y œ

Sun ™ Ƭ N } Ù] T N Žƒ

Sunshine ™ Ƭ N ? R Ù8 K N T XK _ Q

Cloud ©_ B ^ M B  ÙL K ~ L G Q 
Mist L Xƫ _ T _ N ÊM _ P t ”  ÊL G Q  Ù¬ ž L K 

Hail 7 Q u B y œ ÊM _ S

Wind B X‚ ²

Breeze ] I } Pƒ

Storm ©N ƒ ٙ P XT R 

Thunderstorm 8 œ M Y} Ê©N ƒ

Gale ©N ƒ ÙB ž u B X‚ ²

Tornado ™ P XT R 

Hurricane ™ P XT R Ù©N ‚ B X‚ ²

Frost : _ P LK 

Rainbow T XK T Žƒ

Sleet 7 Q u B y œ ÊM _ S

flood ] T „ R ~] L¯ t ”

Drizzle M_ S { £ P ƒ

Raindrop M_ S { ¢ R 

Snowflake L K ~ L G Q 

Hailstone 7 Q u By œ

Windy B X‚ ^ P Xy G « „ R
cloudy ©_ B ^ L X} P

Foggy ¬ ž L K ÊB T Ž| I

Misty ¬ ž L K Ê™ … | I

icy L K t B y œ N XQ XK

Frosty : _ P L K N Xƒ

Stormy 6 œ t B œ Ê©N ƒ T ¯ B Y} P

dry J “ƫ ~ L _ DN ‚ P

Wet 9 O

Hot ™ G XB

Cold ” R ƫ

Chilly B ž u ” R OXK

Rainy M _ S ] L € B YP

Sunny ] T N Ž´ „ R

Melt : ¯ B YN

Freeze L K Ê: _ P ­  ÊJ Y_ Q

Thaw : ¯ ”

Temperature I y L Ê] T ~ L ÊJ Y_ Q

Thermometer ] T ~ L  6 R | ¢ ÊB Xy ž u B ¯ T Ž
Barometer B X‚ P ¸ { I M XK 

Weather forecast T XK _ Q Ê« } ÊB H Ž~ ©

Drought T P y DY

Rainfall M _ S ~ ] L XS Yº

Heatwave 6 K ƒ

Global warming ª M Y] T ~ L M XI ƒ

7 u B YQ Ê^ L v ˜ ÊL N Ž‚ D Y-Video Excercise 2

Watch this video and pay attention to the way they engage in conversation. Incase you dont understand
what they talk, read the subtitle given below and watch the video again..

Subtitles

Lady: Well Meyers. How are you holding up?

Meyers: Fine... fine... I had a very interesting topic buzzled out.

Lady: Good. Now What more can I tell you about the company or the position?

Meyers: I am Pretty clear about the job itself. But I would like to know something about the company
policies.

Lady: Go Ahead. Thats what I am here for

Meyers: Great. As I told you earlier, I have been doing some work on my own. Does your company have
an policy on freelancing.

Lady: Yes we do. Generally we require that our employees limit freelance work to projects unrelated to
the company
Meyers: Where do you draw the line?
Lady: For example giving motivational speeches is fine on the other hand developing advertising
campaigns for other companies will be unacceptable

Meyers:Okay. That makes sence. You mentioned Europe earlier. Do you have an idea of how much time
I would be travelling

Lady: We are expanding in to new markets. So to begin with I would expect frequent trips to europe
atleast once a month

Meyers: How long will each trip lost?

Lady: I couldnt really say until we are more deeply involved.

Meyers: I am just looking for a ballpark figure? (ballpark figure means a rough estimate)

Lady: In the beginning,as you developing new accounts I would say the trips will lost from one to two
weeks.

Meyers: So I would be spending half the year travelling

Lady: Thats just starting out. I would say with in 5 or 6 months we have things set up so
that you can pull back and let your subordinates handle most of the easy travel.

Meyers: That sound fine. Could we talk about benefits for a moment?

Lady: 0fcourse. Cool beans offers a full range of health benefits as well as stock options for employees.

Meyers: Is there a pension program?

Lady: No. Not a pension per-se (Latin word meaning "in itself") but we do offer a four-oh-one K (401k)
plan

Meyers: Is there any matching of contributions on the companys part?

Lady: Yes upto 5 percent(%) of your salary.

Meyers: And when do the benefits kick in?

Lady: With the exception of the 401k plan, you would be eligible, the day you start working here.
Meyers: What about the 401k?

Lady: Enrollment in that is quarterly. So you would be able to enroll with in 3 months, at the most, from
the date of hire.

Meyers: Okay and finally, can you tell me about your vacation policy?

Lady: Full time employees receive 2 weeks paid vacation after the first year. After 5 years it goes upto 3
weeks

Meyers: I think that answeres most of my questions

Lady: I will have Willer get you a copy of employee manual. It outlines all the benefits and explains
company policies. You can review at you leasure.

Meyers: Thank you. If other questions occur to me, may I call you?

Lady: Ofcourse. Call me anytime

Meyers: Thakyou very much for your time. Will you be getting touch with me or shall I call you

Lady: We will contact you within 2 weeks

Meyers: Fine. I will look forward to hear in from you

Lady: Thanks for coming in Meyers. I have enjoyed talking to you

Meyers: I enjoyed it too. I hope to see you again. Good bye

Lady: Goodbye

7 u B YQ Ê8 Q t B H  -Conjunction( 8 _ H ~ © v Ê] D Xƒ ÊÓ

 ] DXƒ Ê6 ƒ Q ¢ Ê] DX‚ ] P XG _ OÊ8 _ H t ”  Ê] DXƒ Êconjunction < K ~ L ž 


 It is a word which joins or connects words or phrases.
 Example:
1. He studied well but he failed.(6 T } ÊJ } ” ÊL œ { I X} Ê7 K X´  Êfail
7 B YT Žy G X} Ó
8 I Yƒ ÊJ } ” ÊL œ { I ¢ Ê? ¯ ÊT Xt B YN  Ø6 T } Êfail 7 B YÊT Žy G X} Ê
< } L ¢ Ê? ¯ ÊT Xt B YN  ØÊ8 | I Ê2 T Xt B YN u B _ R Ê8 _ H t ” 
7 K X´  < } L ¢ Ê8 _ H ~ ©v ] DXƒ Ø
2. SAm is playing football and Eric is reading a book
3. Meera phoned her friend Anna, but she wasn't at home
4. Would you like to go to the movies or shall we go for a burger?

commonly used Conjunction

Conjunction Meaning

after L ŽP ”

although 8 ¯ | I X´  ʕ G

and :  Ù^ M ´ 

as ^ L XQ Ù7 I Q Xƒ

as soon as : G ^ K ÊT ŽG

because, since 7 I Q Xƒ

before « } ©

but 7 K Xƒ

either or 8 ¢ Ê6 ƒ Q ¢ Ê6 ¢

even if 8 ¯ | I ^ L XI Ý 

eventhough 8 ¯ | I X´  ʕ G

for 7 B Ù= ] K } P Xƒ
if 7 ƒ Ù8 ¯ | I Xƒ

neither nor 8 ¢ º M Yƒ _ Q Ê6 ¢ º M Yƒ _ Q

no sooner than உடேன

oncondition that J YL | I _ K N Ž} Ê^ L Ƭ ƒ

only M X{ I YO

provided that 8 ¯ t ”  L y D{ I Yƒ

so that < } L I ‚ B XB

than B Xy œ ´ 

though 8 ¯ | I X´  ʕ G

unless 7 ƒ Ù? S YN

until வைர

when ] L X¸ ¢

whether : z G XÊ< } ²

while ] L X¸ ¢

Conjunction Word And t ” ÊL I YQ XB

 DYQ Ê8 G u B R ƒ Êand t ” ÊL I YQ XB Ê^ T ² ÊConjunction  ÊL N } L ž { I Q X


 Example:

1. Dad Washed the car and he polished it


Dad not only washed the car, but he also polished it
2. Nivi baked the cake and she decorated it.
Nivi not only baked the cake but she decorated as welll.
3. They visited Sydney and they also visited America and LOndon
They visited Sydney as well as America and London

Conjunction Word But t ” ÊL I YQ XB

 DYQ Ê8 G u B R ƒ ÊFor t ” ÊL I YQ XB Ê^ T ² ÊConjunction  ÊL N } L ž { I Q X


 Example:

1. Grandpa is old but very fit


Although Granpa is old,he's very fit
2. The weather was sunny but cold
Eventhough the weather was sunny,it was cold
3. The bus id slower than the train but it's cheaper.
While the bus is slower than the train,its cheaper
4. This computer is very old but reliable
Though this computer is very old, it is very reliable

Conjunction Word or t ” ÊL திலாக

 There are other words for or that name choices or join two sentences
 Example:

1. The movie wasn't funny. It wasn't interesting


The movie was neither funny nor interesting
2. You can do your homework now. or you can do your homework after dinner
You can do your homework either now or after dinner.
3. We could walk or we could take a taxi.
We could walk, or else take a taxi

7 u B YQ Ê8 Q t B H  -Adverb

Introduction:
 T Ž_ K _ N Ê6 I XT ¢ Ê] DN _ Q v ÊDYP ~ L Žt ”  Ê] DXƒ ÊT Ž_ K v ] DXƒ Ê
< K ~ L ž  Ø6 I XT ¢ Ê? ¯ Ê] D N ƒ ÊJ _ G ] L ‚ P Ê8 G  , B XQ  ÊM ‚ ²  Ê
T ŽI  ÊL ‚ P Y{ Ê] I Ƭ T Žt ”  T Xƫ { _ I ÊAdverb < K ~ L ž 
 Example:
1.Nivi 6 S B XK T „
2.Nivi 8 K _ M N XB ~ ÊL Xž B YP X„
Nivi 6 S B XK T „ Ê8 I Yƒ Ê6 S ” Ê< } §  Ê] DXƒ ÊNivi < } §  Ê
] L N ƫ v ] DXƒ _ Q ÊÒNoun) DYP ~ L Ž{ ¢ t ʕ ² B YP ¢ ØÊ8 I Yƒ ÊNoun ஐ
DYP ~ L Ž~ L I Xƒ Ê8 | I Ê6 S B XK T „ < } §  ÊT Xƫ { _ I ÊAdjective 7 ” 

Nivi 8 K _ M N XB ~ ÊL Xž B YP X„ Ø8 I Yƒ ÊL Xž T ¢ Ê8 K _ M N XB Ê8 ¯ t B YP ¢ Ê
< } §  ÊL Xž  Ê] DN _ Q Ê6 I XT ¢ ÊVerb ஐ DYP ~ L Ž{ ¢ t ʕ ² B YP ¢ Ê
< K ^ T Ê8 ¢ Adverb 7 ”  Ø

Types of Adverb:
 ? ¯ Ê] DN ƒ Ê< ~ ] L X¸ ¢ ÊJ _ G ] L ‚ P ¢ ÒB XQ  Ó, < ~ L œ ÊJ _ G ] L ‚ P ¢ Ê
ÒI } _ M ÙT ŽI  ÓÊ< } L _ I { Ê] I Ƭ T Žt B ÊAdverbs L N } L ž B YP ¢ Ø

1. ^ J O{ _ I t ʔ P Yt ”  ÊAdverb
2. 8 G { _ I t ʔ P Yt ”  ÊAdverb
3. I } _ M _ N t ʔ P Yt ”  ÊAdverb

^ J O{ _ I t ʔ P Yt ”  ÊAdverbs:
^ L ˜  Ê^ L X¢ Ê7 ”  ^ J O{ _ I t ʔ P Yt ”  ÊAdverbs B Z^ S Ê: „ R ÊTable ƒ Ê
: „ R ¢ ØÊ^ J O ÊB Y_ G t ”  ^ L X¢ ÊL œ { ¢ Ê^ L ˜  Ê^ L X¢ Êuse L z H º  Ø

Adverb Meaning

Again M² Lœ ­ 

Again and Again I Ȳ  L { I Ȳ  L

Ago « } ©
Already = ‚ BK ^ T

Always < ~ ] L X¸ ¢ 

Before « } ©

Daily I YK DƬ

Early « } K I XB

Formerly « } ©

Frequently 6 œ t Bœ

Immediately உடேன

Lately B XQ | I X… { ¢

Monthly M XI | ^ I X² 

Never ? ¯ ^ L X¢  Ê8 ƒ _ Q

Often 6 œ t Bœ

once ? ¯ « _ P

Once in a week T XO{ I Y‚ ] B X¯ « _ P

Quickly T Ž_ OT XB

Rarely 6 Ƭ I XB Ù< ~ ] L X¸ I XT ¢

Recently 6 z _ M N Žƒ
Regularly ] I XG ƫ | ¢

Scarcely 6 Ƭ I XB

Seldom 6 Ƭ I XB

Since 8 ¢ T _ O

Slowly நிதானமாக

Thrice «  « _ P

Today 8 } ²

Tomorrow நாைள

Twice 8 ¯ « _ P

Twice a Week T XO{ I Y‚ ” Ê8 ¯ « _ P

Urgently அவசரமாக

Weekly T XO| ^ I X² 

Yearly T ¯ G | ^ I X² 

Yesterday ^J‚ ²

Yet 8 } §  Ù8 ~ ] L X¸ ¢ 

7 u B YQ Ê8 Q t B H  -Adverb
Introduction:
 T Ž_ K _ N Ê 6 I XT ¢ Ê ] D N _ Q v Ê DYP ~ L Žt ”  Ê ] DXƒ Ê T Ž_ K v ] DXƒ Ê
< K ~ L ž  Ø 6 I XT ¢ Ê ? ¯ Ê ] DN ƒ Ê J _ G ] L ‚ P Ê 8 G  , B XQ  Ê M ‚ ²  Ê
T ŽI  ÊL ‚ P Y{ Ê] I Ƭ T Žt ”  T Xƫ { _ I ÊAdverb < K ~ L ž 
 Example:
1.Nivi 6 S B XK T „
2.Nivi 8 K _ M N XB ~ Ê L Xž B YP X„
Nivi 6 S B XK T „ Ê 8 I Yƒ Ê 6 S” Ê <} §  Ê ] DXƒ Ê Nivi <} §  Ê
] L N ƫ v ] DXƒ _ Q Ê ÒNoun) DYP ~ L Ž{ ¢ t Ê • ² B YP ¢ ØÊ 8 I Yƒ Ê Noun ஐ
DYP ~ L Ž~ L I Xƒ Ê 8 | I Ê 6 S B XK T „ < } §  Ê T Xƫ { _ I Ê Adjective 7 ” 

Nivi 8 K _ M N XB ~ ÊL Xž B YP X„ Ø8 I Yƒ ÊL Xž T ¢ Ê8 K _ M N XB Ê8 ¯ t B YP ¢ Ê
< } §  Ê L Xž  Ê ] DN _ Q Ê 6 I XT ¢ Ê Verb ஐ D YP ~ L Ž{ ¢ t Ê • ² B YP ¢ Ê
< K ^ T Ê8 ¢ ÊAdverb 7 ”  Ø

Types of Adverb:
 ? ¯ Ê ] DN ƒ Ê < ~ ] L X¸ ¢ Ê J _ G ] L ‚ P ¢ ÒB XQ  Ó, < ~ L œ Ê J _ G ] L ‚ P ¢ Ê
ÒI } _ M ÙT ŽI  ÓÊ< } L _ I { Ê] I Ƭ T Žt B ÊAdverbs L N } L ž B YP ¢ Ø
1. ^ J O{ _ I t ʔ P Yt ”  ÊAdverb
2. 8 G { _ I t ʔ P Yt ”  ÊAdverb
3. I } _ M _ N t ʔ P Yt ”  ÊAdverb

^ J O{ _ I t ʔ P Yt ”  ÊAdverbs(Adverbs of Time):

 Some Adverbs answers the question "When?" they are called Adverbs of Time.
 Example:
1.I’m going to my new school tomorrow.
2.The train has already left.
3.We moved into our new house last week.
 ^ L ˜  Ê^ L X¢ Êuse 7 ”  Ê^ J O{ _ I t ʔ P Yt ”  ÊAdverbs B Z^ S Ê: „ R ÊTable ƒ Ê
: „ R ¢ ØÊ^ J O ÊB Y_ G t ”  Ê^ L X¢ ÊL œ { ¢ Ê^ L ˜  Ê^ L X¢ Êuse L z H º  Ø
Adverb Meaning

Again M² Lœ ­ 

Again and Again I Ȳ  L { I Ȳ  L

Ago « } ©

Already = ‚ BK ^ T

Always < ~ ] L X¸ ¢ 

Before « } ©

Daily I YK DƬ

Early « } K I XB

Formerly « } ©

Frequently 6 œ t Bœ

Immediately உடேன

Lately B XQ | I X… { ¢

Monthly M XI | ^ I X² 

Never ? ¯ ^ L X¢  Ê8 ƒ _ Q

Often 6 œ t Bœ

once ? ¯ « _ P
Once in a week T XO{ I Y‚ ] B X¯ « _ P

Quickly T Ž_ OT XB

Rarely 6 Ƭ I XB Ù< ~ ] L X¸ I XT ¢

Recently 6 z _ M N Žƒ

Regularly ] I XG ƫ | ¢

Scarcely 6 Ƭ I XB

Seldom 6 Ƭ I XB

Since 8 ¢ T _ O

Slowly நிதானமாக

Thrice «  « _ P

Today 8 } ²

Tomorrow நாைள

Twice 8 ¯ « _ P

Twice a Week T XO{ I Y‚ ” Ê8 ¯ « _ P

Urgently அவசரமாக

Weekly T XO| ^ I X² 

Yearly T ¯ G | ^ I X² 
Yesterday ^J‚ ²

Yet 8 } §  Ù8 ~ ] L X¸ ¢ 

8 G { _ I t ʔ P Yt ”  ÊAdverbs(Adverbs of place):

 Some adverbs ansers the question "where?" they are called Adverbs of place.
 Example:
1. I couldn’t find my book anywhere.
2.They live in a house nearby.
3.The dog is in the garden.

Column1 Column2

Above ேமேல

Anywhere < | I Ê8 G { I Ý 

Away £ O

Back L Ž} L t B 

Backward L Ž} K Xƒ

Behind L Ž} K Xƒ

Below கீ ேழ

Closely ] J ¯ t B M XB

Everywhere < ƒ Q XÊ8 G { I Ý 


Far ] I X_ Q T Žƒ

Far away M YB { ] I X_ Q T Žƒ

Here 8 u ^B

In : „ ^R

Inside : y Lt B

Near 6 ¯ B Yƒ

Nowhere < u ^ B ­ M Yƒ _ Q

Off ] I X_ Q T Žƒ

Out ] T R ^ N

Outside ] T R ~ L t B 

Somewhere < u ^ B N XT ¢

There 6 u ^B

Up ேமேல

Within : „ ^R
Interjection- 7 v DƬ N v ] D Xƒ ÙÊT ŽN ~ © v ] D Xƒ

 ^ B XL  , † ¯ { I  , 6 I Yƫ v DY, 7 v DƬ N  , D| ^ I XU  Ê ^ L X} P Ê
: H ƫ v DYB _ R ] T R ~ L ž { ¢  Ê T Xƫ { _ I B _ R Ê 7 v DƬ N v ] DXƒ ÙÊ
T ŽN ~ ©v ] DXƒ Ê< } B Y^ P X Ø
 Example:? ¯ Ê Q y ž Ê DX~ L Žž  Ê ^ L X¢ Ê J  _ M Ê M P | ¢ "7 W XË< } K Ê
8 K ~ ©ÌÊ < K Ê J  _ M Ê M P | ¢ Ê ] DXƒ T ¢ Ê , = I XT ¢ Ê 6 œ L y G Xƒ Ê Ì7 ÌÊ
<} ² J  _ M ÊM P | ¢ ÊB { ¢ T ¢ Ø
 ஆ,@ Ê ^ L X} P Ê T Xƫ { _ I B ¶ t ” Ê I K N XB Ê < | I Ê ] L X¯ ¶  Ê 8 ƒ _ Q Ê
7 K X´  Ê6 œ L y G T Ƭ } Ê¢ t B { _ I Ê] T R ~ L ž { ¢ B YP ¢ Ø

Interjection Meaning

Ah! ஆஹ!

Alas! ஐேயா!

Beautiful < } K Ê6 S ”

Beware E Xt B YO_ I

By God's grace B G º „ Ê6 ¯ R Xƒ

Congradulations T X… { ¢ t B „

Excellent M YB º  ÊDYP ~ L XK Ë

Ha! ஹ!

Hey! =€ Ë

Hey! =€
Hi! ைஹ!

How sweet! < } K Ê8 K ~ ©Ë

Hurrah ! I have won ஓ! J X} Ê] T } ² ÊT Žy ^ G }

Hurrah M Y” | I ÊM B Y… v DY

Marvellous ஒேஹா! ஆஹா!

My god 6 G ÊB G º ^ R

ofcourse D| ^ I B M Yƒ Q XM ƒ

oh my god! ? ËB G º ^ R Ë

oh! ஒ!

Same to you : u B ¶ t ”  Ê6 ~ L œ ^ N 7 B y ž 

vow! M Y” | I ÊM B Y… v DYË

Welcome J ƒ T Oº

Well done DL X‡

What a beautiful
< } K Ê6 S B XK ÊM Q ƫ
flower!

What a pitty > ^ N XÊL XT 

7 v Dƫ N 
Wonderful
7 u B YQ Ê8 Q t B H  -Conjunction( 8 _ H ~ © v Ê] D Xƒ ÊÓ

 ] DXƒ Ê6 ƒ Q ¢ Ê] DX‚ ] P XG _ OÊ8 _ H t ”  Ê] DXƒ Êconjunction < K ~ L ž 


 It is a word which joins or connects words or phrases.
 Example:

1. He studied well but he failed.(6 T } ÊJ } ” ÊL œ { I X} Ê7 K X´  Êfail


7 B YT Žy G X} Ó
8 I Yƒ ÊJ } ” ÊL œ { I ¢ Ê? ¯ ÊT Xt B YN  Ø6 T } Êfail 7 B YÊT Žy G X} Ê
< } L ¢ Ê? ¯ ÊT Xt B YN  ØÊ8 | I Ê2 T Xt B YN u B _ R Ê8 _ H t ” 
7 K X´  < } L ¢ Ê8 _ H ~ ©v ] DXƒ Ø
2. SAm is playing football and Eric is reading a book
3. Meera phoned her friend Anna, but she wasn't at home
4. Would you like to go to the movies or shall we go for a burger?

commonly used Conjunction

Conjunction Meaning

after L ŽP ”

although 8 ¯ | I X´  ʕ G

and :  Ù^ M ´ 

as ^ L XQ Ù7 I Q Xƒ

as soon as : G ^ K ÊT ŽG

because, since 7 I Q Xƒ

before « } ©

but 7 K Xƒ
either or 8 ¢ Ê6 ƒ Q ¢ Ê6 ¢

even if 8 ¯ | I Ê^ L XI Ý 

eventhough 8 ¯ | I X´  ʕ G

for 7 B Ù= ] K } P Xƒ

if 7 ƒ Ù8 ¯ | I Xƒ

neither nor 8 ¢ º M Yƒ _ Q Ê6 ¢ º M Yƒ _ Q

no sooner than உடேன

oncondition that J YL | I _ K N Ž} Ê^ L Ƭ ƒ

only M X{ I YO

provided that 8 ¯ t ”  L y D{ I Yƒ

so that < } L I ‚ B XB

than B Xy œ ´ 

though 8 ¯ | I X´  ʕ G

unless 7 ƒ Ù? S YN

until வைர

when ] L X¸ ¢

whether : z G XÊ< } ²

while ] L X¸ ¢
Conjunction Word And t ” ÊL I YQ XB

 DYQ Ê8 G u B R ƒ Êand t ” ÊL I YQ XB Ê^ T ² ÊConjunction  ÊL N } L ž { I Q X


 Example:

1. Dad Washed the car and he polished it


Dad not only washed the car, but he also polished it
2. Nivi baked the cake and she decorated it.
Nivi not only baked the cake but she decorated as welll.
3. They visited Sydney and they also visited America and LOndon
They visited Sydney as well as America and London

Conjunction Word But t ” ÊL I YQ XB

 DYQ Ê8 G u B R ƒ ÊFor t ” ÊL I YQ XB Ê^ T ² ÊConjunction  ÊL N } L ž { I Q X


 Example:

1. Grandpa is old but very fit


Although Granpa is old,he's very fit
2. The weather was sunny but cold
Eventhough the weather was sunny,it was cold
3. The bus id slower than the train but it's cheaper.
While the bus is slower than the train,its cheaper
4. This computer is very old but reliable
Though this computer is very old, it is very reliable

Conjunction Word or t ” ÊL I YQ XB

 There are other words for or that name choices or join two sentences
 Example:

1. The movie wasn't funny. It wasn't interesting


The movie was neither funny nor interesting
2. You can do your homework now. or you can do your homework after dinner
You can do your homework either now or after dinner.
3. We could walk or we could take a taxi.
We could walk, or else take a taxi
I YK DƬ Ê7 u B YQ ~ L N Ž‚ D YÊDaily Tips-6

1.

J “u B „ ÊN X¯ _ G N ÊB T K { _ I N XT ¢ ÊI Ȳ ~ L Ê^ T z ž  Ê< } P Xƒ Ê
^ L ˜ T I ‚ ” Ê« } Excuseme < } ² Ê] DXƒ Q YÊ^ L DÊ7 O L Žt B º  Ø

2.

N XOXT ¢ Ê: u B R G  ÊM } K ~ ©t Ê^ B y B ÊSorry < } ² Ê] DX} K Xƒ Ê


J “u B „

1. No problem
2. Its Ok 6 ƒ Q ¢ Thats Ok
3. Dont worry about it

8 I Yƒ Ê< I XT ¢ Ê? } _ P Ê] DXƒ Q Q X Ø

3.

N XƬ G M XT ¢ ÊJ “u B „ ÊEnglish ^ L ˜ T ƫ“B R XÊ< K t Ê^ B y B Do you speak English?


< K t Ê^ B y B Q X Ø

4.

N XOXT ¢ Ê: u B R G  Do you speak English? < K t Ê^ B y G Xƒ Ê: u B ¶ t ” Ê


] B Xx D ÊI X} Ê] I Ƭ ­  Ê< K ] DXƒ Q

1. I don't speak much English (or) I dont speak fluent English


2. I only speak very little English
3. I speak a little English
8 I Yƒ Ê= I XT ¢ Ê? } _ P Ê] DXƒ Q Q X Ø

5.

N XOXT ¢ Ê^ L ˜ T ¢ Ê: u B ¶ t ” Ê©Ƭ N T Žƒ _ Q Ê< } P Xƒ I don't understand


< } ² Ê] DXƒ Q Q X Ø
6 T Ƭ G  ÊJ Y² { I YÊJ YI XK M XB Ê^ L DÊ] DXƒ Q Please speak more slowly < K v Ê
] DXƒ Q Q X Ø
6 T ƫ Ê^ L ˜ T ¢ Ê: u B ¶ t ” ʘ { I M XB Ê©Ƭ N T Žƒ _ Q Ê< } P Xƒ Ê6 T Ƭ G 
Please write it down < } ² Ê< ¸ I YÊ^ B y B Q X Ø
6 ƒ Q ¢ Ê6 T _ OÊI Ȳ  L Ê^ L D Ê] DXƒ Q Could you please repeat that? < } ² Ê
] DXƒ Q Q X Ø

Today's Lesson

Column1 Column2

1 Excuseme

2 Sorry

3 No Problem

4 Its Ok / Thats Ok

5 Dont worry about that

6 Do you speak English?

7 I dont speak much English

8 I only speak very little English

9 I speak a little English

10 I dont understand
11 Please speak more slowly

12 Please write it down

13 Could you please repeat that?

I YK DƬ Ê7 u B YQ ~ L N Ž‚ D YÊDaily Tips-7

1.

: u B „ Ê friend 6 ƒ Q ¢ Ê wife/husband • G Ê 8 ¯ t ”  Ê ^ L X¢ Ê N XƬ G M XT ¢
Introduce 7 B Ê ^ T z œ Ê 8 ¯ | I Xƒ Ê I am sunitha < } ² Ê : u B „ Ê ] L N ƫ Ê
] DXƒ Q YIntroduce 7 B YÊ T Žy ž This is Prem, My friend 6 ƒ Q ¢ This is Prem,My
husband < } ² Ê] DXƒ Q YÊ6 T ƫ B _ R ­  ÊIntroduce L z H ŽÊ_ T t B º  Ø

2.

: u B „ Ê < I YQ Ȳ ~ L T ƫ Ê ] DX} K Ê ] L N ƫ Ê ? ¯ ^ T _ R Ê : u B ¶ t ” Ê
^ B y B T Žƒ _ Q Ê < } P Xƒ I am sorry, I didn't catch your name <} ² Ê
] DXƒ ´ u B „ ØÊ : u B R G  Ê N XOXT ¢ Ê 8 ~ L œ Ê ] DX} K Xƒ Ê 6 T ¯ t ” Ê
©Ƭ ­  L œ Ê: u B „ Ê] L N _ OÊJ Y² { I Y J YI XK XM XB Ê] DXƒ Q º  Ø

3.

J “u B „ Ê : u B „ Ê J z L _ O^ N XÊ 6 ƒ Q ¢ Ê : u B „ Ê : P T ŽK _ O^ N XÊ
8 } ] K X¯ T ¯ t ” 6 P Y« B ~ L ž { ¢  Ê ^ L X¢ Ê 6 T ƫ B „ 8 ¯ T ¯  Ê
= ‚ B K ^ T Ê 6 P Y« B M XK T ƫ B R XB 8 ¯ | I Xƒ Ê 6 T ƫ B R G  Ê : u B ¶ t ” Ê
= ‚ B K ^ T Ê? ¯ T _ OÊ? ¯ T ƫ Ê] I Ƭ ­ M XÊ< K t ^ B y B Do you know each other?
< K t ^ B¶ u B„ Ø

4.
6 T ƫ B „ Ê ] I Ƭ ­  Ê < K v ] DX} K Xƒ Ê : u B ¶ t ” Ê ? ¯ T _ OÊ ? ¯ T ƫ Ê
< ~ L œ Ê] I Ƭ ­  Ê< K t ^ B y B How do you know each other? < K t ^ B y B Q X Ø

5.

: u B R G  Ê ? ¯ T ƫ Ê : u B ¶ G } Ê L œ { I Ê ? ¯ T _ OÊ ] I Ƭ ­ M XÊ < K t Ê
^ B y G Xƒ Ya, We know each other. We were at school together < } ² Ê] DXƒ Q Q X ØÊ
: u B ¶ G } Ê ^ T _ Q Ê L Xƫ t ”  Ê ? ¯ T _ OÊ ] I Ƭ ­ M XÊ < K t ^ B y G Xƒ Ya.
We work together. 6 ƒ Q ¢ We used to work together < K v ] DXƒ Q Q X ØÊ
Jz L ƫ B „ ʬ Q M XB Ê] I Ƭ ­  Ê< K v ] DXƒ Q We know each other through friends
< K v ] DXƒ Q Q X Ø

Person1 Person2 & Person 3

My name is Charli I am Sunitha. This is Prem, My husband

I am Sunitha. This is Prem, My friend

I am sorry, I didn't catch your name

Do you know each other? Ya we know each other

How do you know each other? We work together

We used to work together

We were at school/college together

We travelled together

through friends

Nice to meet you

Pleased to meet you


I YK DƬ Ê7 u B YQ ~ L N Ž‚ D YÊDaily Tips-8

8 } _ P N ÊTips ƒ Ê©I YI XB ÊD| I Yt ”  ÊJ L Ƭ G  Ê6 T ƫ Ê< u B Ȳ | ¢ ÊT ¯ B YP Xƫ ,


< u ” ÊT DYt B YP Xƫ ,N X¯ G } Ê8 ¯ t B YP Xƫ , 6 T ¯ _ G N Êcontact details ^ B y L ¢ L ‚ P YÊ
L Xƫ t B Q X Ø

1. J “u B „ ÊN XƬ G M XT ¢ Ê6 T ƫ B „ Ê< u B Ȳ | ¢ ÊT ¯ B YP Xƫ B „ Ê< } ² Ê^ B y B
6 I XT ¢ Ê6 T ƫ B ¶ _ G N Ênative place L ‚ P YÊ^ B y B ÊB Z^ S : „ R T ‚ P Yƒ Ê
= I XT ¢ Ê? } _ P ^ B y B Q X Ø
1. Where are you from?
2. Where do you come from?
3. Whereabouts are you from?

N XOXT ¢ Ê: u B R G  ÊWhere are you from? < } ² Ê^ B y G Xƒ ÊI am from India. (or)


I am from Nagercoil < } ² ÊJ “u B „ Ê< u B Ȳ | ¢ ÊT ¯ B YP ƫ“ B ^ R XÊ6 _ I v
] DXƒ Q º 

2. J “u B „ Ê? ¯ T Ƭ G  ÊWhere are you from? < } ² Ê^ B y ž Ê6 T ƫ ÊI am from America.


< } ² Ê] DXƒ B YP Xƫ ØÊAmerica T Žƒ Ê< u ^ B Ê< } ² Ê^ B y B ÊB Z^ S
: „ R T ‚ P Yƒ Ê= I XT ¢ Ê? } _ P Ê^ B y B Q X Ø
1. What part of America do you come from?
2. Whereabouts in America are you from?
3. J “u B „ Ê8 ~ ] L X¸ ¢ Ê< u ^ B ÊT DYt B YP ƫ“ B „ Ê< K t Ê^ B y B ÊWhere do you live?
< } ² Ê^ B y B Q X N XOXT ¢ Ê: u B R G  ÊWhere do you live? < } ² Ê
^ B y G Xƒ ÊJ “u B „ ÊI ‚ ] L X¸ ¢ ÊT DYt ” M YG { _ I ÊB Z^ S Ê: „ R Ê
« _ P B R ƒ Ê] DXƒ Q Q X

1. I live in London.
2. I live in Oxford near London
3. I am originally from India now live in London
4. I was born in India but grew up in England
4. J “u B „ ÊN X¯ G } ÊT DYt B YP ƫ“ B „ Ê< } ² Ê^ B y B ÊB Z^ S Ê: „ R T ‚ P Yƒ Ê
= I XT ¢ Ê? } _ P Ê^ B y B Q X Ø
1. Who do you live with?.
2. Do you live with anybody?
J X} ÊB H T ¯ G } Ê8 ¯ t B Y^ P } Ê< } ² Ê] DXƒ Q I live with my husband
6 ƒ Q ¢ Ê] L ‚ ^ P X¯ G } Ê8 ¯ t B Y^ P } Ê< } ² Ê] DXƒ Q I live with my parents
6 ƒ Q ¢ Êfriends • G Ê8 ¯ t B Y^ P } Ê< } ² Ê] DXƒ Q I live with my friends < } ² Ê
] DXƒ Q Q X ØÊI K N XB ÊT DYt B Y^ P } Ê< } ² Ê] DXƒ Q I live on my own.< } ² Ê
] DXƒ Q Q X

5. J “u B „ ÊI K N XB T XÊT DYt B YP ƫ“ B „ Ê< } ² Ê^ B y B Do you live on your own?


< } ² Ê^ B y B Q X ØÊN XOXT ¢ Do you live on your own? < } ² Ê: u B R G  Ê
^ B y G Xƒ
1. I K N XB Ê8 ¯ t B Y^ P } Ê< } ² Ê] DXƒ Q I live on my own
2. 8 } ] K X¯ T ¯ G } Êshare L z H ŽÊ8 ¯ t B Y^ P } Ê< } ² Ê] DXƒ Q I
share with one other person
3. >8 } §  Ê3 ேப¯ G } Êshare L z H ŽÊ8 ¯ t B Y^ P } Ê< } ² Ê] DXƒ Q I
share with three others
6. N XƬ G M XT ¢ Êphone number 6 ƒ Q ¢ Êaddress ^ B y B What's your phone
number?/What's your address? < } ² Ê^ B y B Q X ØÊ8 _ I ^ N ÊL H ŽT XB Ê^ B y B
Could I take your phone number?/Could I take your address? எ} ² Ê^ B y B Q X
7 u B YQ Ê8 Q t B H  -Auxiliary Verbs

 Auxiliary verbs < } L ¢ Ê¢ _ H ÊT Ž_ K v Ê] DX‚ B „ Ø


 ? ¯ ÊT Xt B YN { I Yƒ ÊB z œ ~ L XB Ê? ¯ ÊMain verb 6 ƒ Q ¢ ÊAuxiliary verb
8 ¯ t B Ê^ T z ž  Ø
 Auxiliary verbs are used together with a main verb to give grammatical information and
therefore add extra meaning to a sentence, which is not given by the main verb.
 Example:
1. OXM } Ê@ œ K X} ÒRaman ran) 8 I Yƒ Ê? œ K ¢ Ê? ¯ Ê] DN ƒ Ê6 I K Xƒ Êran
(past tense of run)< } P Êmain verb L N } L ž { I Ê^ T z ž  Ø
2. J X} Ê? ¯ Êdoctor( I am a doctor). < } ² Ê< } § _ G N ÊJ Y_ Q _ N ÊL ‚ P YÊ
” P Y~ L Žž  Ê^ L X¢ Êam < } P Êauxiliary verb L N } L ž { I Ê^ T z ž  Ø
3.©I YI XK ÊL S u B „ ÊÒfruits are fresh) < } ² ÊL S u B R } ÊJ Y_ Q _ N ~ ÊL ‚ P YÊ
] DXƒ ´  Ê^ L X¢ Êare < } P Êauxiliary verb L N } L ž { I Ê^ T z ž  Ø
 So ] DN ƒ B _ R ~ ÊL ‚ P Yt ʔ P Y~ L ŽG ÊMain verb B _ R ~ ÊL N } L ž { I Ê
^T z ž  ØJ Y_ Q ÙI } _ M ÊB _ R ~ ÊL ‚ P Yt ʔ P Y~ L ŽG ÊAuxiliary verb B _ R ~ Ê
LN } Lž { I ^ T z ž  Ø

Types of Auxiliary Verbs:


1. Be verbs
2. do verbs
3. have verbs
4. Modal verbs

1.Be verbs:
 Be < } P Xƒ Ê8 ¯ Ê< } ² Ê] L X¯ „ Ø
 7 u B YQ { I Yƒ Ê] M X{ I  Ê7 Be verbs
am , is , are , was , were , will be , shall be
 B XQ u B ¶ t ” Ê= ‚ P ÊM XI YƬ Êbe verbs L N } L ž { I ~ L ž  Ø

Tense Auxiliary Verbs

Present tense am , is , are

Past tense was , were


Future tense Will be , shall be

 7 u B YQ { I Yƒ Ê] M X{ I  Ê7 subject B „ Ê: „ R K ØI , We, You, He , She , It , They


 Subject t ” Ê= ‚ P T X² ÊAuxiliary verb கைள 3 B XQ u B R ´  ÊL N } Ê
L ž { ¢ T _ I ÊL Xƫ t B Q X ÊØ

Present Tense Past Tense Future Tense

I am I was I shall be

We are We were We shall be

You are You were You will be

He is He was He will be

She is She was She will be

It is It was It will be

They are They were They will be


7 u B YQ ÊVocabulary L N Ž‚ D Y-3(Vocabulary related with Parts of body)

7 u B YQ { I Yƒ Ê^ L ˜ T I ‚ t ” Ê] T ²  ÊGrammar M y ž  Ê] I Ƭ | I Xƒ
^ L XI X¢ ØÊ6 I Yƒ ^ L ˜  ÊT Xƫ { _ I B ¶  Ê] I Ƭ N Ê^ T z ž  ØÊL Q ÊT Xƫ { _ I B „
^ Dƫ | ¢ ÊI X} Êsentence /conversation 7 B YP ¢ ØÊ8 | I ÊL N Ž‚ DYN Žƒ ÊJ X
7 u B YQ { I Yƒ ÊI u ” ÊI _ G N Ž} P YÊ^ L ˜ T I ‚ ” Ê^ I _ T N XK ÊT Xƫ { _ I B „ Ê
L œ t B 8 ¯ t B Y^ P X ØÊ8 I Yƒ ÊL Q Ê: u B ¶ t ” Ê= ‚ B K ^ T Ê] I Ƭ | I _ T N XB Ê
8 ¯ t B Q X ØெதƬ | I ¢ Ê< K §  Ê? ¯ Ê« _ P ÊL œ { ¢ Ê] B X„ R º  Ø

8 } _ P N ÊL N Ž‚ DYN Žƒ ÊM K I Ê: G Q Y} ÊL XB u B _ R Ê< † T X² Ê
7 u B YQ { I Yƒ Ê] DXƒ T ¢ Ê< } L _ I ÊL ‚ P YÊL Xƫ t B Q X Ø

Body Parts Meaning

Abdomen(6 ~ G M } ) 6 œ T N Ž²

Ankle B  t B Xƒ

Arm ைக

Armpit(7 ƫ  L Žy Ó 6 t ” „

Back « ¢ ”

Back bone « ¢ ] B´  ©

Beard I Xœ

Belly ] T R T N Ž² Ù] I X~ _ L

Blood 8 O{ I 

Bones <´  ©

Brain ¬ _ R
Breast ] Lz H Ž§ _ G N ÊM Xƫ ©

Bum L Ž} ©P  ÙL Žy G 

Cheek B} K 

Chest 7 H Ž§ _ G N ÊM Xƫ ©

Chin « B T X€ t B y _ G ÙI X_ G

collar bone(B XQ ƫ Ê^ L X} Ó B ¸ { ¢ Ê< ´  ©

Ear B X¢

Eardrum ] DT ŽÊ6 _ P Ò: „ B X¢ Ó

Elbow « Su _ B

Embryo(<  ~ Ƭ ^ N XÓ B¯

Eye Bz

Eyeball Bz H Ž} ÊB ¯ M H Ž

Eyebrow ©¯ T 

Eyelid இைம

Finger T ŽOƒ B „

Fist(5 L Žˆ y Ó « ‡ œ

Foot L XI 

Fore head ] J‚PY


Gullet(B ƒ ] Q y Ó ] I Xz _ G t ” S X€

Gum 9¯

Hair « œ

Hand ைக

Head தைல

Heart 8 I N

Heel ” I YB Xƒ

Hip 8 ž ~©

Index Finger 7 „ B Xy œ ÊT ŽOƒ

Intestine(8 } ] G ˆ œ } Ó ” Gƒ

Jaw தாைட

Joint 8 _ H ~©

Kidneys D Y² J “OB 

Knee « S u B Xƒ ʬ y ž

Lap M œ ,ெதாைட

Leg B Xƒ

Lip : I ž

Liver B ƒ ƪ Oƒ
Lock(Q Xt Ó « œ t B‚ _ P

Lungs ¤ _ ON O
’ƒ

Middle Finger J ž T ŽOƒ

Molar Teeth B _ G T X€ ~ L Xƒ

Moustache(« ˆ G Xv Ó M ‘_ D

Muscle I _ DÙD_ I ~ L ‚ ²

Nail J B

Navel/Belly button ] I X~ ©„

Neck B¸ { ¢

Nerve J O ©

Nose ¬ t ”

Nostril(J Xˆ y Ƭƒ Ó ¬ t ” { ¢ T XO

Palate( L ^ Q y Ó ^ M ƒ T X€

Palm : „ R u _ B

Pericardium 8 I N ~_ L

Plait • | I ƒ

Pore(^ L Xƫ Ó M N Žƫ t B Xƒ

Pulse(L ƒ ˆ Ó J Xœ
Rib T ŽQ XÊ< ´  ©

Ring Finger ^ M XI YOÊT ŽOƒ

Salaiva(ஸைலவா) : M Y… J “ƫ

Shoulder ^ I X„ L y _ G

Skin D¯ M  Ù^ I Xƒ

Skull Mz _ G

Sole 6 œ ~ L XI 

Spine « ¢ ” { I z ž

Spleen(ˆ ~ R }“ Ó Mz H Oƒ
“

Stomach T N Ž²

Temple ] L Xy ž

Thigh ெதாைட

Throat ] I Xz _ G

Thumb B y _ G ÊT ŽOƒ ÙÊ_ B ~ Ê] L ¯ T ŽOƒ

Toe B Xƒ Ê] L ¯ T ŽOƒ

Tongue J Xt ”

Tooth(Teeth) L ƒ ÒL ‚ B „ Ó

Trachea(y ] OB YN XÓ ¬ v ˜ t ” S X€
Uterus B¯ T _ P

Vein J XR 

Waist 8 ž ~ ©Ù8 _ G

Whiskers(T Žˆ B ƫˆ Ó B Ȳ I XÒI Xœ N Ž} ÊB X¢ L t B  Ó

Womb B¯ ~_ L

Wrist M H Žt B y ž
Tenses-B XQ 

 ? ¯ Ê] DN ƒ Ê< ~ ] L X¸ ¢ ÊJ _ G ] L ‚ P ¢ Ê< } L _ I ʕ ²  Ê] DXƒ ÊTense


< K ~Lž  Ø
 ¬ } ² ÊT _ B N XK ÊB XQ  Ê: „ R ¢
1. J YB … B XQ  ÒPresent Tense)
2. 8 P | I ÊB XQ  ÒPast Tense)
3. < I Yƫ B XQ  ÒFuture Tense)
 Example:
1. L XQ XÊL œ t B YP Xƫ Ø
2. L XQ XÊL œ { I Xƫ
3. L XQ XÊL œ ~ L Xƫ

L XQ XÊL œ t B YP Xƫ 8 I Yƒ Ê8 ~ ] L X¸ ¢ ÊL XQ XÊL œ ~ L _ I ʔ P Yt B YP ¢ ØÊ
6 I XT ¢ ÊJ YB … B XQ { I Yƒ ÊJ G t ”  Ê? ¯ Ê] DN _ Q ʔ P Yt B YP ¢ ØÊ< K ^ T Ê
8 ¢ ÊPresent Tense 7 ”  Ø
L XQ XÊL œ { I Xƫ . 8 I Yƒ ÊL XQ XÊL œ { I ¢ Ê^ J ‚ ^ P XÊ6 ƒ Q ¢ Ê6 I ‚ ” Ê
« } ^ L XÊJ G | ¢ Ê« œ | I _ I ” P Y~ L Žž B YP ¢ ØÊ8 † T X² ÊB G | I Ê
B XQ { I Yƒ ÊJ G | ¢ Ê« œ | I Ê? ¯ Ê] DN _ Q ] DXƒ T ¢ ÊPast Tense 7 ”  Ø
L XQ XÊL œ ~ L Xƫ 8 I Yƒ ÊL XQ Xº t ” ÊJ X_ R ^ N XÊ6 ƒ Q ¢ Ê6 I ‚ ” ÊL ŽP ^ B XÊ
< ~ ] L X¸ ¢ Ê^ J O ÊB Y_ G t ” ^ M X 6 ~ ] L X¸ ¢ Ê] D€ ­  Ê] DN _ Q v Ê
] DXƒ T I Xƒ Ê8 ¢ ÊFuture Tense 7 ” 

 DYQ Ê] DN ƒ B „ ÊT S t B M XB ÊJ _ G ] L ‚ ² ÊT ¯  , DYQ Ê] DN ƒ B „ ÊJ G | ¢
« œ T _ G | I Ȳ t ”  Ê? ¯ ÊDYQ Ê] D N ƒ B „ Ê8 K ^ M ƒ ÊI X} ÊJ _ G ] L P Ê
^T z ž  Ê< } P J Y_ Q N Žƒ Ê8 ¯ t ”  ØÊ8 ¢ Ê^ L XQ ^ T ÊD YQ Ê] DN ƒ B „ Ê
? ¯ ʔ P Y~ L Žy G ÊB XQ { I Yƒ ] I XG u B YÊ6 ¢ Ê^ J ‚ ² ÊJ G | ¢ Ê8 } ²  Ê
J _ G ] L ‚ ² t Ê] B Xz œ ¯ t B Q X ØÊ8 † T X² • ² T _ I Ê4 L ŽƬ º B R ƒ Ê
L ŽƬ t B Q X Ø
1. Simple
2. Perfect
3. Continuous
4. Perfect Continuous
 8 _ T Ê? † ] T X} ²  ÊB XQ { I Y‚ ” Ê= ‚ P L œ Ê3 L ŽƬ º B R XB ~ ÊL ŽƬ ­  ØÊ
] M X{ I  Ê12 L ŽƬ º B R ƒ Ê7 u B YQ Ê8 Q t B H { _ I ÊL ŽƬ t B Q X
1. Simple Present Tense
2. Simple Past Tense.
3. Simple Future Tense
4. Present Perfect Tense.
5. Past Perfect Tense.
6. Future Perfect Tense.
7. Present Continuous Tense.
8. Past Continuous Tense.
9. Future Continuous Tense.
10. Present Perfect Continuous Tense.
11. Past Perfect Continuous Tense.
12. Future Perfect Continuous Tense.
 T Ž_ K v Ê] DXƒ ÊB XQ { I Y‚ ” Ê= ‚ L ÊM X² T _ I ~ Ê^ L XQ Ê6 | I ÊT Ž_ K _ N Ê
6 I XT ¢ Ê] DN _ Q Ê] D€ L T ¯ t ” Ê= ‚ P L œ ­  ÊM X²  Ø
 Exaample:
1. J X} ÊT Ž_ R N Xž B Y^ P }
2. J “ÊT Ž_ R N Xž B YP X€ .
3. 6 T } ÊT Ž_ R N Xž B YP X}
4. 6 T ƫ B „ ÊT Ž_ R N Xž B YP Xƫ B „
5. 6 ¢ ÊT Ž_ R N Xœ N ¢

T Xt B YN  ÊÒSentence):

 L Q Ê] DX‚ B „ Ê^ Dƫ | ¢ ÊT | ¢ Ê? ¯ Ê« ‚ ² ~ ] L ‚ P Ê
] L X¯ _ R { I ¯ M XK Xƒ Ê6 ¢ ÊT Xt B YN  Ê< K ~ L ž  Ø
 A group of words which give a complete meaning is called Sentence.
 Example:
1. He is studying.(6 T } ÊL œ { ¢ t Ê] B Xz œ ¯ t B YP X} Ó
2. She who is wearing a green skirt is my sister (L v _ DÊL XT X_ G Ê
6 H Ž| I Ȳ t ”  Ê] L z Ê< } § _ G N ÊD^ B XI Ƭ Ó

Types of Sentences:
The sentences are of 4 types they are

1. Positive sentence (: G } L Xy ž ÊT Xt B YN  Ó
2. Negative Sentence(< I Yƫ M _ P ÊT Xt B YN  Ó
3. Question Sentence(T ŽK XÊT Xt B YN  Ó
4. Exclamatory Sentence(T ŽN ~ ©ÊT Xt B YN  Ó
1.Positive sentence (: G } L Xy ž ÊT Xt B YN  Ó:

 8 ¢ Ê? ¯ Ê] D € I YÊT Xt B YN  Ø
 Example:
1.He is reading a newspaper(6 T } Ê] D € I YI X„ ÊL œ t B YP X} ÓØ
2 I am playing(J X} ÊT Ž_ R N Xž B Y^ P } Ó

2.Negative Sentence(< I Yƫ M _ P ÊT Xt B YN  Óä

 8 ƒ _ Q Ê< } P Ê] L X¯ „ ÊI ¯  ÊT Xt B YN  Ê< I Yƫ M _ P ÊT Xt B YN 
 Example:
1.He does not drink(6 T } ʔ œ ~ L I Yƒ _ Q Ó

3.Question Sentence(T ŽK XÊT Xt B YN  Óä

 ^ B „ T ŽB _ R Ê^ B y B ÊL N } L ž  ÊT Xt B YN 
 Example:
1.What is your name?(: K ¢ Ê] L N ƫ Ê< } K ?)

4.Exclamatory Sentence(T ŽN ~ © ÊT Xt B YN  Óä

 It makes a sudden feeling


 Example:
1.Vow. What a beauty?(7 W XËÊ< } K Ê6 S ” Ó
2.Alas! I have failed.(J X} Ê^ I X‚ ² T Žy ^ G } Ó
I YK DƬ Ê7 u B YQ ~ L N Ž‚ D YÊDaily Tips-9

Jz L Ƭ G  Ê6 T _ O~ ÊL ‚ P Y­  Ê6 T ƫ ʔ ž  L { _ I ~ ÊL ‚ P YÊT ŽDXƬ ~ L _ I Ê8 | I Ê
L I YT Žƒ ÊL Xƫ t B Q X Ø

1. : } § _ G N ÊParents < } K Ê] D€ B YP Xƫ B „ Ê< K t Ê^ B y B What do your parents


do? < } ² Ê ^ B y B Q X ØÊ : } § _ G N Ê 6 ~ L XÊ < } K Ê ] D€ B YP Xƫ Ê 6 ƒ Q ¢ Ê
6  M XÊ < } K Ê ] D€ B YP Xƫ Ê < K Ê I K I K N XB Ê ^ B y B Ê T Ž¯  L ŽK Xƒ What
does your father do? What does your mother do? < } ² Ê^ B y B Q X Ø
2. : } § _ G N Ê Parents < ~ L œ Ê 8 ¯ t B YP Xƫ B „ Ê < } ² Ê ^ B y B How are your
parents? <} ² Ê ^ B y B Q X ØÊ : } § _ GN Ê 6 ~ L XÙ6  M X < ~Lœ Ê
8 ¯ t B YP Xƫ B „ Ê <} ² Ê ^ By B How is your dad/mom? <} ² Ê
^ B y B Q X ØT y“ œ ƒ Ê< ƒ ^ Q X¯  ÊJ Q M X? < } ² t Ê^ B y B How is everybody at
home? < } ² Ê ^ B y B Q X ØÊ < ƒ ^ Q X¯  Ê J Q M XB Ê 8 ¯ t B YP Xƫ B „ Ê < } ² Ê
] DXƒ Q All are fine < } ² Ê] DXƒ Q Q X Ø
3. : } § _ G N Ê parents < u ^ B Ê T D Yt B YP Xƫ B „ Ê < K t Ê ^ B y B Where do your
parents live? < } ² Ê^ B y B Q X
4. : } § _ G N Ê I X{ I X,L Xy œ Ê 8 } §  Ê 8 ¯ t B YP Xƫ B R XÊ < K t Ê ^ B y B Are
your grand parents still alive? < } ² Ê^ B y B Q X
5. : K t ” Ê 6 z H } ,I  L Ž,6 t B X,I u _ B Ê 8 ¯ t B YP Xƫ B R XÊ < K t ^ B y B Do
you have any brothers or sisters? < } ² Ê^ B y B Q X Ø
1. < K t ” Ê ? ¯ Ê 6 z H } Ê 8 ¯ t B YP Xƫ Ê < K v Ê ] DXƒ Q Yes, I have got a
brother (or) Yes I have got an elder brother < } ² Ê] DXƒ Q Q X Ø
2. < K t ” Ê? ¯ ÊI  L ŽÊ8 ¯ t B YP Xƫ Ê< K v Ê] DXƒ Q Yes, I have got a younger
brother < } ² Ê] DXƒ Q Q X Ø
3. 8 ^ I Ê^ L Xƒ Ê6 t B XÊ8 ¯ t B YP Xƫ Ê< K v Ê] DXƒ Q Yes,I have got an elder
sister < } ²  Ê I u _ B Ê 8 ¯ t B YP Xƫ Ê < K v Ê ] DXƒ Q Yes,I have got a
younger sister < } ²  Ê] DXƒ Q Q X
4. < } ʕ G ÊL ŽP | I ¢ Ê2 ] L z B„ < } ² Ê] DXƒ Q Yes,I have got two sisters
<} ²  2 L Du B Ê < } ² Ê ] DXƒ Q Yes,I have got two brothers < } ²  Ê
] DXƒ Q Q X Ø
5. 8 ƒ _ Q Ê J X} Ê B ¯ ^ T ~ L Ž_ Q Ê ] B X{ ¢ Ê M XI YƬ Ê T y“ œ ‚ ” Ê ? ^ OÊ
L Ž„ _ R Ê< } ² Ê] DXƒ Q No,I am an only child < K v ] DXƒ Q Q X Ø
6.
1. : K t ” Ê I Ȳ M H  Ê 7 B T Žƒ _ Q N XÊ < K t ^ B y B Are you single?
< } ² Ê^ B y B Q X Ø
2. : K t ” Ê boy friend/girl friend8 ¯ t B YP XOXÊ < K t ^ B y B Do you have a boy
friend/girl friend? < } ² Ê^ B y B Q X
3. : K t ” ÊI Ȳ M H  Ê7 B YT Žy G I XÊ< K t ^ B y B Are you married? < } ² Ê
^ B y B Q X Ø
4. N XOXT ¢ Ê : K t ” Ê I Ȳ M H  Ê 7 B YT Žy G I XÊ < K t ^ B y G Xƒ Ê
7 M X Ê< } ² Ê] DXƒ Q Yes, I am married < K v Ê] DXƒ Q Q X Ø
5. < K t ” Ê J Yv D N  Ê 7 B YT Žy G ¢ Ê < } ² Ê ] DXƒ Q I am engaged < } ² Ê
] DXƒ Q Q X
7. : K t ” Ê ” S | _ I Ê 8 ¯ t B YP I XÊ < K t ^ B y B Ê B Z^ S Ê : „ R T ‚ P Yƒ Ê
= I XT ¢ Ê? } _ P t Ê^ B y B Q X
1. Do you have any children?
2. Have you got any kids?
8. N XOXT ¢ Ê: u B R G  Ê: K t ” ʔ S | _ I Ê8 ¯ t B YP I X? < K t ^ B y G Xƒ
1. < K t ” Ê2 ” S | _ I B „ Ê< } ² Ê] DXƒ Q Yes,I have two children
2. ? ¯ Ê] L Xz    Ê_ L N §  Ê< } ² Ê] DXƒ Q Yes I have got a boy and a
girl.
3. ” S | _ I Ê 8 ƒ _ Q Ê < } ² Ê ] DXƒ Q I dont have any children < } ² Ê
] DXƒ Q Q X
Daily Tips-10(J Xy B „ ÊL ‚ P YÊ^ L DÓ

^ L ˜  Ê^ L X¢ ÊDYQ Ê^ J O ÊJ Xy B _ R ÊL ‚ P Yʔ P Y~ L ŽG Ê^ T z ž  ØÊ6 I ‚ ” Ê


^ I _ T ~ L ž  ÊD YQ ÊI B T ƒ B „ Ø

The day before yesterday ^ J ‚ _ P t ” « | I YK J X„

yesterday ^J‚ ²

today 8 } ²

tomorrow நாைள

the day after tomorrow J X_ R ÊM ² J X„

last night ^ J ‚ ² Ê8 Oº

tonight 8 } ² Ê8 Oº

tomorrow night J X_ R Ê8 Oº

in the morning B X_ Q N Žƒ

in the afternoon M I YN { I Yƒ

in the evening M X_ Q N Žƒ

yesterday morning ^ J ‚ ² ÊB X_ Q N Žƒ

yesterday afternoon ^J‚ ² M I YN { I Yƒ


yesterday evening ^ J ‚ ² ÊM X_ Q N Žƒ

this morning 8 } ² ÊB X_ Q N Žƒ

this afternoon 8 } ² M I YN { I Yƒ

this evening 8 } ² ÊM X_ Q N Žƒ

tomorrow morning J X_ R ÊB X_ Q N Žƒ

tomorrow afternoon J X_ R ÊM I YN { I Yƒ

tomorrow evening J X_ R ÊM X_ Q N Žƒ

last week ^ L XK ÊT XO

last month ^ L XK ÊM XI 

last year ^ L XK ÊT ¯ G  Ø

this week 8 | I ÊT XO

this month 8 | I ÊM XI 

this year 8 | I ÊT ¯ G 

next week 6 ž { I ÊT XO

next month 6 ž { I ÊM XI 

next year 6 ž { I ÊT ¯ G  Ø
now 8 ~ ] L X¸ ¢

then L ŽP ” Ù6 ~ ] L X¸ ¢

immediately(or) Straight away உடேன

soon DZ
t B YO

earlier « } K Xœ

later L ŽP ”

five minutes ago 5 J YM YG u B „ « } ©

an hour ago ? ¯ ÊM H ŽÊ^ J O « } ©

a week ago ? ¯ ÊT XO « } ©

two weeks ago 8 ¯ ÊT XO « } ©

a month ago ? ¯ ÊM XI  « } ©

a year ago ? ¯ ÊT ¯ G  « } ©

a long time ago ] OX L ÊJ X„ « } ©

in ten minutes time (or) in ten minutes L { ¢ J YM YG u B R ƒ

in an hours time (or)in an hour ? ¯ ÊM H Ž^ J O{ I Yƒ

in a week's time(or)in a week ? ¯ ÊT XO{ I Yƒ


in ten day's time (or) in ten days L { ¢ ÊJ Xy B R ƒ

in three week's time (or) in three weeks ¬ } ² T XOu B R ƒ

in two months time(or)in two months 8 Oz ž M XI u B R ƒ

in ten years time (or) in ten years L { ¢ T ¯ G u B R ƒ

the previous day « | I YK J X„ Ò6 I ‚ ” Ê« } ÊJ X„ Ó

the previous week « | I YK ÊT XO

the previous month ^ L XK ÊM XI 

the previous year ^ L XK ÊT ¯ G 

the following day ] I XG ƫ | ¢ T ¯ B YP ÊJ X„

the following week ] I XG ƫ | ¢ T ¯ B YP ÊT XO

the following month ] I XG ƫ | ¢ T ¯ B YP ÊM XI 

the following year ] I XG ƫ | ¢ T ¯ B YP ÊT ¯ G 

every day (or)daily I YK «  Ù< ƒ Q X J X· 

every week (or) weekly < ƒ Q X T XO«  ÙT XO ^ I X² 

every month (or) monthly < ƒ Q XÊM XI « 

every year(or) yearly < ƒ Q X T ¯ G «  ÙT ¯ G  ^ I X² 


never ? ¯ ^ L X¢  Ê8 ƒ _ Q

rarely 6 Ƭ I XB

occasionally 6 † T ~ ^ L X¢

sometimes DYQ ^ J O ÙDYQ ^ T _ R N Žƒ

often (or) frequently 6 œ t B œ ÙL Q Ê« _ P ÙL Q ÊI G _ T

usually (or) normally T S t B M X€ ÙDXI XOH M X€

always < ~ ] L X¸ ¢  Ù8 _ G T ŽG X¢

Note:

1.B XQ Ê8 _ G ] T R B _ R Ê] DXƒ Q Ê7 u B YQ { I Yƒ for < } P Ê] DXƒ Êuse 7 B YP ¢


Example:

1. I lived in london for 8 months(J X} Êlondonƒ Ê8 M XI u B „ Ê8 ¯ | ^ I } ØÓ


2. I have worked here for 2 years.(J X} Ê8 u ” Ê2 T ¯ G u B „ Ê^ T _ Q ÊL Xƫ { ^ I } Ó
3. I am going to dubai tomorrow for 2 weeks (J X} ÊJ X_ R Ê¢ L X€ t ” Ê2 T XOu B „ Ê
] Dƒ B Y^ P } ØÓ
4. We went to swimming for a long time.(J Xu B „ Ê] OX L Ê^ J O Êswimming
^ L XN Ž¯ | ^ I X Ó
7 u B YQ Ê: v D Ƭ ~ _ L ÊI M YS Yƒ ÊL œ t B Q X

? ¯ ÊT Xt B YN { _ I ^ N XÊ6 ƒ Q ¢ Ê? ¯ Ê« ¸ Ê8 _ H N ~ L t B { _ I ^ N XÊ6 ^ I Ê
: v D Ƭ ~ ©G } Ê« ¸ T ¢ M XB ÊM ‚ ] P X¯ Ê] M XS Yt ” ÊM X‚ P Q X ØÊ8 I } ʬ Q  Ê

J M¢ ] L N _ Ot • G ÊM ‚ P Ê
] M XS YB R ƒ Ê< ¸ I ÊB ‚ B Q X Ê6 ƒ Q ¢ Ê7 u B YQ { I Yƒ Ê: „ R
8 _ H N ~ L t B { _ I ÊI M YS Yƒ ÊM X‚ P Yʘ Q L M XB ÊL œ t B Q X ØÊ: I XOH M XB Ê
8 I Yƒ Ê”tamil ulagam” < } P Ê_ G ~ Ê] D€ I Xƒ Ê”I M Y… Ê: Q B  ” < K ÊM X‚ P Y{ ÊI ¯  ØÊ
இைணய « B T Ƭ _ N ÊÒ: I XOH M XB Êwww.msn.com) ] B Xž { ¢ ÊI M Y_ S Ê
^ I ƫ ] I ž { I Xƒ Ê6 I } Ê« ¸ L t B { _ I ÊI M Y… Ê: v DƬ ~ ©t ” ÊM X‚ P Y{ I ¯  Ø

« B T Ƭ ähttp://scriptconv.googlelabs.com/