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Republic of the Philippines

Polytechnic University of the Philippines


College of Business Administration
Sta. Mesa, Manila

WRITTEN REPORT IN LOGISTICS MANAGEMENT:


Introduction to Logistics and Supply Chain Management

Submitted by: Group 1

Acse, Abby

Ampoloquio, Franchesca

Bantaculo, Ma. Esperanza

Barcial, Andrea

Section: BSBA HRM 2-3

Submitted to:

Prof. Elena Rodil


Barcial, Andrea

INTRODUCTION TO LOGISTICS AND SUPPLY MANAGEMENT

DEFINITION OF LOGISTICS

Council of Supply Chain Management Professionals (CSCMP)


- Worldwide professional association of logistics and supply chain management.
ACCORDING TO CSCMP (Council of Supply Chain Management Professionals) …
that part of the supply chain management that plans, implements, and controls the
efficient effective forward and reverses flow and storage of goods, services, and related
information between the point of origin and the point of consumption in order to meet
customer requirements.
KEY CONCEPTS:
1. TEMPORAL / TIME CONCEPT (GO) - “forward and reverses flow”
2. PLACE / LOCATION CONCEPT (STOP) – “storage of goods, services, and related
information”

OBJECTIVE: MEETING CUSTOMER REQUIREMENTS


-primary output of logistics activities
- goods that are required by the customers are provided at the right place
and right time.

5 PRIMARY LOGISTICS ACTIVITIES

1. Information Technology Management


2. Warehouse Management
3. Inventory Management
4. Transportation Management
5. Production Management

DEFINITION OF SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT (SCM)

ACCORDING TO CSCMP (Council of Supply Chain Management Professionals) …


the planning and management of all activities involved in sourcing and procurement,
conversion and all logistics management activities. Importantly, it also includes coordination and
collaboration with channel partners, which can be suppliers, intermediaries, third party service
providers, and customers. In essence supply chain management integrates supply and demand
management within and across companies.
UNIONIST CONCEPT

SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT


LOGISTICS

INTERSECTIONIST CONCEPT

SUPPLY CHAIN
LOGISTICS
MANAGEMENT
Franchesca Erika P. Ampoloquio

An integrated and system approach in the company

Logistics management is an integrating function within the firm. It must be


coordinated, optimized and integrated with other areas in the firm such as marketing, sales,
manufacturing, finance, human resource and information technology. Logistics is a part of
supply chain process that plans, implements and controls the efficient, effective flow and storage
of goods, services and related information so it is important to be integrating as it works with the
other functional areas within the company.

Meanwhile, Supply Chain Management is an integrating function beyond the firm,


Linking major business processes and functions within across many firms into a holistic and
performing business models. Both Logistics management and SCM are systems that would be
relevant and useful in the context. A system according to the dictionary is a set of things working
together as parts of a mechanism or an interconnecting network. A system thinking approach
enables a firm to consider “archetypes”. Through which structural dilemmas are identified at
their root and which in turn can solicit appropriate responses by firm members.

Trends in logistics

There are many aspects of logistics in the second decade of the 21st century and one of
these is Globalization has increased tremendously since the 1960s and 1970s and there is no
doubt that it will continue well into the future as developing countries in Asia, Africa and South
America contribute more to the world’s economy. It affects the standard shipping development
between countries and it is interrelated with logistics.

Integrated global logistics for motorcycle racing teams

The World Superbike (WSB) organizers have developed a unique logistics strategy to
enable the race teams competing to ship their entire operations to and from the event. The WSB
championship has 11 motorcycle races each year and the organizers have find unique way to
handle their activity, the riders equipment have been shipped two weeks before the race date
journeying different countries in a usual and organize routine. Even if the operation is a bit
complicated this integrated and global approach to logistics allows WSB organizers to
effectively and efficiently conduct shipping thus gives Australian motorcycle racing fans an
opportunity to be part of the WSB Championship.
Acse, Abby

Technology has increased remarkably in the society from years ago up until now especially when
the personal computers and laptops were invented as well as it increases the processing speed
and memory storage. With this technological innovation, it now enables firms to develop faster
and longer supply chains due to their ability to trace and track goods in production or storage or
in transit.

One of the examples of the application of technological innovation is the RFID or Radio
Frequency Identification. RFID is the use of a wireless system that uses radio frequency
electromagnetic fields to transfer data from a tag attached to an object, for the purposes of
automatic identification and tracking. Through this, it can add to a firm’s competence in its
logistics activities.

In relationships, collaborations and relationship it is increasingly important to establish and


maintain mutually beneficial relationships with customers, suppliers and other stakeholders as an
aspect of logistics management. Through the help of these, retailers can avoid ‘empty running’ of
rucks and provide return or ‘backhaul’ opportunities.

SUMMARY

Business logistics is an exciting and complex business function that has a fairly young
history; it is about a half century old. It has undergone many changes; increase with
developments in technology and globalization. This chapter has presented introduction of
logistics by presenting the definition, supply chain management, its history and evolution as
well as its importance in a modern world. This also discussed the issues, identified major
trends affecting logistics including, changes in technology, environment and the need for
corporate collaboration and consideration in human resource management.