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anano19 oasis of» Creu Pe Group Supparing» Heavy Alcina Storage Sib Ly rocscience Home / About / News / Analysis of a Circular Pile Group Supporting a Heavy Alumina Storage Silo ABOUT Who we are Our Team Resellers Careers Internships News & Events RocNews naps fooenc.conlabownews-versanalyss-ts-craulpl-gouproling-sheavy- alumnus anano19 oasis of» Creu Pe Group Supparing» Heavy Alcina Storage Sib Ly rocscience Analysis of a Circular Pile Group Supporting a Heavy Alumina Storage Silo Rooscience’s RSPile is a powerful tool that can be used to study the behaviour of piles ina group to obtain their required lengths and assess their load settlement relations. To demonstrate the pile design capabilti and flexibility of the program, this article presents the results of an analysis conducted on a circular pile cap with a heavy load. naps fooenc.conlabownews-versanalyss-ts-craulpl-gouproling-sheavy- alumnus 2s anano19 ‘oalys ofa Crear Po Group Supporting a Heavy Alorina Storage Sis Ly rocscience that the load could generate a turning over moment of 1100000 kN.m, with a horizontal load on the pile cap equal to about 10% of the vertical load. The ground layers at the site consist of about 3 m of sandy gravel of high density overlaying even denser sandy gravel with cobbles and rock pieces that turned into conglomerates at a depth below the expected depth of the pile tips. A standard penetrometer test (SPT) was conducted on the site, and blow counts were recorded from two boreholes and extrapolated, Figure 1 below shows the blow counts plotted against depth, psitwusocsdlnoe coniaboutnews-everslanayss-osctculaple-group-olangshearyaimun-se ans ana20%9 ‘oalys ofa Crear Po Group Supporting a Heavy Alorina Storage Sis La rocscience ot e © BHI 6 2 e 62 e oL Elevation, meters above sea leval & |e o 6 oI re Figure 1: SPT blow count. B/30 cm psitwusocsdlnoe coniaboutnews-everslanayss-osctculaple-group-olangshearyaimun-se anano19 ‘oalys ofa Crear Po Group Supporting a Heavy Alorina Storage Sis Ly rocscience bearing of the pile at each layer, showing that smaller diameter piles reach their ultimate capacity at less settlement than larger piles. Based on local experience and previous tests, the method by Reese and Wright, (1977) was adopted to estimate the skin resistance and the end bearing, where: Fsult = 150+2(N-53) in kPa for N>53 Fult = 57.5N limited to 4300kPa These correspond to values of 244 kPa and 444 kPa, for skin resistance for the two layers, respectively, while the ultimate end bearing was capped at 4300 kPa, These values were entered into the Axial tab of the RSPile Soil Properties dialog. In addition, Kpy values of 60 MNim3 and 80 MN/ms for the two layers, respectively, were entered in the Lateral tab. Based on the silo wall location, a preliminary trial layout was chosen for the piles to receive loads, with piles 1 m in diameter and 15 m in length, and a cylinder strength of 50 MPa and 0.6% reinforcementin their section along the length (see Figure 2). Figure 2: Preliminary trial layout of piles. psitwusocsdlnoe coniaboutnews-everslanayss-osctculaple-group-olangshearyaimun-se sta anano19 ‘oalys ofa Crear Po Group Supporting a Heavy Alorina Storage Sis Ly rocscience number of iterations was limited to 200. Figure 3: Results of the preliminary trial layout analysis Results showed that the piles at the outer ring received a higher load than those at the inner rings, and that the shear force for the two inner rings was almost the same. According to the results, the piles in the layout were altered to types A, B, C, and D, as shown in Table 1 ile Type Diameter (mm) Length (m) A 800 T B 800 9 c 1000 15 D 1200 24 Table 1: Pile types in the revised and final pile layout. The distribution of the piles was kept unchanged, but the piles were given different diameters and lengths, based on their ring position. Shorter piles with smaller diameters were placed at the inner rings while longer psitwusocsdlnoe coniaboutnews-everslanayss-osctculaple-group-olangshearyaimun-se ens anano19 ‘oalys ofa Crear Po Group Supporting a Heavy Alorina Storage Sis Ly rocscience Bee Scr Figure 4: Revised and final layout of piles. In order to calculate the load settlement for the different pile types, several analysis runs were performed on each pile type with different load levels, To accomplish this, another RSPile model was created for the same pile types in which the pile types were added as patterns, and the piles were then ungrouped and given different loads until an excessive settlement was reached. The model for this load settlement analysis can be seen in Figure 5 psitwusocsdlnoe coniaboutnews-everslanayss-osctculaple-group-olangshearyaimun-se ms anano19 ‘oalys ofa Crear Po Group Supporting a Heavy Alorina Storage Sis Ly rocscience Figure 5: Analysis of the four pile types for different vertical loads. As can be seen, nine load steps were used to calculate the load settlement curves, and the last three piles at the bottom were added to smoathen the curves further by adding intermediate points. The resulting load settlement curves for each pile type are displayed in Figure 6, Figure 7, Figure 8, and Figure 9. psitwusocsdlnoe coniaboutnews-everslanayss-osctculaple-group-olangshearyaimun-se anano19 ‘oalys ofa Crear Po Group Supporting a Heavy Alorina Storage Sis Ly rocscience Load Settlement, mm, oe Piestyp0 4 Figure 6: Load settlement curve - Pile type A. Load, KN 2000 Settlement, mm, epi ty508 Figure 7: Load settlement curve - Pile type B. psitwusocsdlnoe coniaboutnews-everslanayss-osctculaple-group-olangshearyaimun-se ans anano19 ‘oalys ofa Crear Po Group Supporting a Heavy Alorina Storage Sis La rocscience 1000 000 ° 10 20 x0 0 30 Settlement, mm Figure 8: Load settlement curve - Pile type C. 45000 40000 Load, kN com 25000 e000 com ° 10 20 30 o so o Settlement, mm 2 Piestype0 psitwusocsdlnoe coniaboutnews-everslanayss-osctculaple-group-olangshearyaimun-se sors anano19 ‘oalys ofa Crear Po Group Supporting a Heavy Alorina Storage Sis La rocscience and 41, as shown in Figure 10. Figure 10: Results of the final pile layout analysis. As can be seen, loads on the heads of the four piles were 2583 kN, 3658 KN, 6430 kN, and 11148 KN, with a factor of safety of 2.58, 2.38, 2.95, and 3.37 for pile types A,B, C, and D, respectively. Categories: Articles psitwusocsdlnoe coniaboutnews-everslanayss-osctculaple-group-olangshearyaimun-se sa anano19 ‘oalys ofa Crear Po Group Supporting a Heavy Alorina Storage Sis La rocscience PLANS & PRICING SUPPORT ABOUT RocNews Signup Follow Us ‘Terms and Conditions | Privacy Policy | Cookies | © 2019 Copyright Rooscience Inc. psitwusocsdlnoe coniaboutnews-everslanayss-osctculaple-group-olangshearyaimun-se sans anano19 ‘oalys ofa Crear Po Group Supporting a Heavy Alorina Storage Sis Ly rocscience npsitwuiocslnoe coniaboutnews-evenslnayss-o2ctclaple-group-olangshearyalimeunso sis