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TEST ID: 411

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ESE Full Length Mock Test – 1 Offline – 2015


(Conventional)
Mechanical Engineering
PAPER - I
Time Allowed: 3 Hours Maximum Marks: 200

INSTRUCTIONS
Please read each of the following instructions carefully before attempting
questions:
Candidates should attempt FOUR questions in all.
Question No.1 is compulsory. Out of the remaining FOUR questions
attempt any THREE .

The number of marks carried by a part of a question is indicated against it.

Answers must be written in ENGLISH only.

Unless otherwise mentioned, symbols and notations have their usual


standard meanings.

Assume suitable data, if necessary and indicate the same clearly.

Neat sketches may be drawn, wherever required.

All parts and sub-parts of a question are to be attempted together in the


answer book.
Any pages left blank in the answer book must be clearly struck out.

[contd.]

1
ESE –Offline Mock Test_01

01

(a) Derive an expression of coefficient of velocity (Cv) by


trajectory Jet method in case of discharge through an
orifice. (6 M)

(b) What is the hydraulic jump in an open channel? With


reference to Froude number, classify its types and
characteristics? (4 M)

(c) A cylindrical chimney 1 m in diameter and 25 m tall is


exposed to a uniform 50 km/hr wind at standard
atmospheric conditions. End effects are Neglected.
Estimate the bending moment at the base of the chimney
due to wind forces.

Take Atmospheric pressure = 101 kPa. Temperature


= 15C.

Coefficient of Drag CD = 0.35,

Density of air = 1.23 kg/m3 (10 M)

(d) The velocity along the centerline of a nozzle of length L


2
 x 
is given by V  2 t 1   where V = velocity in m/s,
 2L 
t = time in seconds from commencement of flow,
x = distance from inlet to the nozzle. Find the convective
acceleration, local acceleration and the total acceleration
when t = 3 s, x = 0.5 m and L = 0.8 m. (5 M)

2
ME – Conventional – Paper_01

(e) The condenser of a large steam power plant is a heat


exchanger in which steam is condensed to liquid water.
Assume the condenser to be shell and tube heat
exchanger consisting of a single shell and 30,000 tubes
executing two passes. The tubes are thin walled with
diameter of 25mm and steam condenser on their outer
surface with an associated with heat transfer coefficient
of 11kW/m2k. The required heat transfer rate is 2000
MW and this is accomplished by passing cooling water at
a rate of 30000 kg/sec. The water entering at 20oC, while
steam is condensing at 50oC.

Determine

(i) Outlet temperature of cooling water

(ii) Required length of tube per pass

[  = 997 kg/m3 ; Cp = 4180 J/kgK ;

= 88510–6 pa sec ; k = 0.613 W/mK;

Pr = 5.83,F=1,P=0] (15 M)

(f) A reversible heat engine operates between two reservoirs


at temperatures of 600oC and 40oC. The engine drives a
reversible refrigerator which operates between reservoirs
at temperatures of 40oC and –20oC. The heat transfer to
the heat engine is 2000 kJ and the net work output of the
combined engine refrigerator plant is 360 kJ.

3 [contd.]
ESE –Offline Mock Test_01

(a) Evaluate the heat transfer to the refrigerant and the


net heat transfer to the reservoir at 40oC.

(b) Reconsider (a) given that the efficiency of the heat


engine and the COP of the refrigerator are each 40% of
their maximum possible values. (10 M)

(g) 5.2 kg/s of steam at 30 bar and 3500C is supplied to a


group of six nozzles on a wheel diameter maintained at 4
bar pressure. Determine for metastable expansion,

(a) Diameter of nozzles at exit without friction

(b) Degree of under cooling and super saturation

(c) Loss in available heat drop due to irreversibility,

(d) Increase in entropy

(e) Ratio of mass flow rate with metastable expansion to


that of expansion in thermal equilibrium

Take index of steam expansion, n = 1.3

Properties of steam from Mollier chart

Pressure(bar) h (kJ/kg) v(m3/kg)


30 bar and 3500C 3115 0.09
4 2675 0.46

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ME – Conventional – Paper_01

Pressure(bar) Tsat (0C)


2 120.2
1.5 111.4
4 143.63
(15 M)

(h) The following data are obtained from a test on a single


cylinder 4-stroke oil engine:
Cylinder bore = 15 cm, Stroke = 25 cm, area of indicator
diagram = 450 sq. mm, Length of indicator diagram = 50
mm, Indicator spring rating 1.2 mm for a pressure of 9.81
N/cm2. Engine speed = 40 rpm, Brake torque = 22.5 Nm,
Fuel consumption = 3 kg/hr, Calorific value of fuel =
44,200 kJ/kg. Cooling water flow rate = 4 kg/min.
Cooling water temperature rise = 42°C, Specific heat of
cooling water = 4.187 kJ/kg-K.
Determine:
(i) the mechanical efficiency
(ii) brake thermal efficiency
(iii) Specific fuel consumption and
(iv) draw heat balance in kW.
(15 M)
02

(a) A cylindrical water tank of 50 cm diameter and 120 cm


height is initially filled with water. The top of the tank is
open to the atmosphere. A discharge plug is fitted at the
bottom of the tank. When the plug near the bottom of the
the tank is pulled out, a water jet streams out of the tank

5 [contd.]
ESE –Offline Mock Test_01

with a jet diameter of 1 cm. The mean velocity of the jet


is given by v  2gh where h is the height of the water
in the tank measured from the centre of the hole.
Determine how long will it take for the water level in the
tank to drop to 60 cm level from the bottom. Neglect the
distance between the bottom of the tank ad the centre of
the hole compared to the total water height.

(10 M)

(b) A system has a capacity at constant volume

CV = AT2

Where A = 0.042J/K3.

System
T1 = 200 K 100K

Q1

HE W

Q1 W

Reservoir
100 K

The system is originally at 200 K, and a thermal reservoir


at 100 K is available. What is the maximum amount of
work that can be recovered as the system is cooled down
to the temperature of the reservoir? (10 M)

6
ME – Conventional – Paper_01

(c) Write about thrust augmentation in turbojet engines?


(10 M)

(d) A long steel rod of 2 cm diameter ( =0.6) is to be heated


from 400C to 500C. For this purpose it is placed
concentrically in a long cylindrical furnace having an
inside diameter of 16 cm. The inside surface of the
furnace is at a temperature of 1100C and has an
emissivity of 0.85. Find the time required for the heating
operation? Take the density of steel is 5700 kg/m3 and
its specific heat is 0.486 kJ/kg.K
(10 M)

03

(a) For water supply of a town water is pumped from a river


3 km away into a reservoir. The maximum difference of
levels of the water is 20 m. The population of the town is
50,000 and per capita water demand is 120 litre per day.
If the pumps are to operate for a total of 8 hours and the
efficiency of pumps is 80%, determine the horsepower of
the pumps. Assume friction factor as 0.03 the velocity of
flow as 2 m/s and maximum daily demand as 1.5 times
the average daily demand.
(15 M)

(b) A 15 kW pump with 80% efficiency is discharging oil of


specific gravity 0.85 to the overhead tank as shown in
figure. If losses in the whole system are 1.75 m of
flowing fluid, find the discharge.
(5 M)
7 [contd.]
ESE –Offline Mock Test_01

(c) Air at 200C flows past a 800 mm long plate at a velocity


of 45 m/s. If the surface of the plate is maintained at
3000C, determine (a) the heat transferred from the entire
plate length to air taking into consideration both laminar
and turbulent portions of the boundary layer, (b) the
percentage error if the boundary layer is assumed to be
turbulent from the edge of the plate. Assume unit width
of the plate. Take the properties of air at 1600C
as:k=0.03638 W/mK, v = 30.08  10–6 m2/s, Pr = 0.682.

(20 M)

04

(a) Water is flowing from a garden hose. A child place his


thumb to cover most of the hose outlet, causing a thin jet
of high-speed water to emerge. The pressure in the hose
just upstream of this thumb is 400 kPa. If the hose is held
upward, what is the maximum height that the jet could
achieve? (5 M)

(b) For a head of 25cm on a 90o V-notch, what error in the


measured head will produce the same percentage error in
the computed discharge as an error of 1o in the vertex
angle ? (10 M)

(c) A spherical vessel 1 m in diameter stores liquid nitrogen


at –2000C. Calculate the amount of nitrogen vaporized
per day if the container is provided with a 5cm thick
layer of super insulation having k = 0.00017W/mK. The
outside temperature is 300C, the convective heat transfer

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ME – Conventional – Paper_01

coefficient at the outer surface is 15 W/m2K and 200 kJ


of energy is required to vaporize 1 kg of nitrogen at that
temperature. Find also the temperature at the outside
surface of the super insulation. (10 M)

(d) What is meant by adiabatic saturation temperature and


explain briefly? (8 M)

(e) Write about supercritical boiler briefly?


(7 M)

05

(a) Water is lifted from a tank to a total lift of 15 m with the


help of a centrifugal pump. The pump is situated 2 m
above the surface of water. The radial velocity of flow
through the wheel is 4 m/sec. Vane at exit makes an
angle of 120o with the direction of motion. The velocity
of water at delivery pipe is 2 m/sec. If water enters the
vane radially, determine

(i) peripheral velocity at exit,

(ii) velocity head at exit

(iii) pressure head at exit.


(10 M)

(b) A refrigeration plant of 100 TR capacity uses R22 as


refrigerant. The condensing and evaporating pressures
are 11.82 bar and 1.64 bar, respectively.

9 [contd.]
ESE –Offline Mock Test_01

The refrigerant enters the compressor at dry and saturated


state, whereas it leaves the condenser, subcooled by
10oC. Actual COP is 70% of its theoretical value.

Find the following:

(i) Theoretical and actual COP

(ii) Mass flow rate in kg/s

(iii) Compressor power

The properties of R22 are:

P(bar) T(oC) hf(kJ/kg) sf(kJ/kg-K) hg(kJ/kg) sg(kJ/kg-K)


1.64  30 166.1 0.8698 393.1 1.803
11.82 + 30 236.7 1.125 414.5 1.712

cp of vapour = 0.55 kJ/kg-K,

cp of liquid = 1.19 kJ/kg-K (10 M)

(c) A four stroke single cylinder oil engine has a bore of 300
mm and stroke 460 mm and runs at 200 rpm. The fuel oil
has a composition by mass of 87% Carbon and 13%
Hydrogen. It is consumed at the rate of 6.75 kg/hr. The
volumetric composition of dry exhaust gases is 7 % CO2,
10.5% O2 and 82.5% N2. Atmospheric temperature and
pressure are 17°C and 100 kN/m2 respectively.
Determine:
(i) the actual quantity of air supplied/kg of fuel and

10
ME – Conventional – Paper_01

(ii) volumetric efficiency of the engine.


Take R for air as 0.287 kJ/kg –K. (10 M)

(d) A Kaplan turbine develops 15 MW of power at a head of


30 m. The diameter of the hub is 0.35 times the diameter
of the runner. Assuming a speed ratio of 2.0, flow ratio of
0.65 and an overall efficiency of 90% , calculate the

i. diameter of the runner

ii. rotational speed

iii. specific speed of the turbine. (10 M)

06

(a) A Francis turbine develops 800 kW at efficiency of 90%


under a net head of 12 m. The draft tube used in this set-
up is a vertical cylindrical pipe of 2.0 m diameter.

(i) What increase in power could be expected if a


tapering vertical draft tube having an outlet diameter
of 2.5 m replaces the existing cylindrical draft tube?

(ii) What would be the increase in the overall


efficiency?

Assume that the head, speed and discharge remain the


same and there are no additional friction losses due to
the new draft tube. (13 M)

11 [contd.]
ESE –Offline Mock Test_01

(b) Pressurized water is to be carried through a pipe whose


temperature is to be maintained at 120C. At what depth is
the pipe to be buried in the ground such that water does
not freeze, if out side temperature is –300C ?

Consider following data

 = thermal diffusivity

 = 1.24  10–7m2/sec,  = 30 days, (T0)soil = 170C

 erf()

0.4 0.4284
0.5 0.5205
0.6 0.6309
0.7 0.6778
0.8 0.7421
0.9 0.7970
1.0 0.8427
(7 M)

(c) A hall is to be maintained at 24oC DBT and 60% RH


under the following conditions.

Outdoor conditions = 38oC DBT and 28oC WBT.

Room SH load = 46.4 kW,

Room LH load = 11.6 kW

Quantity of infiltration = 1200 m3/hr

Coil ADP = 10oC

12
ME – Conventional – Paper_01

Quantity of recirculated air = 60%

If the quantity of recirculated air is mixed with


conditioned air after the cooling coil, find the following.

(i) Condition of air leaving the coil.

(ii) Condition of air entering the hall.

(iii) The mass flow rate of air entering the cooler.

(iv) The mass flow rate of total air passing through the
hall

(v) Bypass factor.

(vi) The refrigeration load on the cooling coil in TR.

(use psychrometric chart ) (15 M)

(d) List out the differences between impulse and reaction


turbines
(5 M)

13 [contd.]
ESE –Offline Mock Test_01

14
ME – Conventional – Paper_01

15 [contd.]