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DRIVER ALERNESS AND

CONTROL SYSTEM

A PROJECT REPORT
Submitted by

M.Nithiya Lakshmi(1111069)

S.Parasakthi (1111073)

J.Pavithra (1111074)

in partial fulfillment for the award of the degree

of

BACHELOR OF ENGINEERING

in

ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING


NATIONAL ENGINEERING COLLEGE

(An Autonomous Institution)

K. R Nagar, Kovilpatti – 628 503

ANNA UNIVERSITY

CHENNAI – 600 025

April, 2015

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BONAFIDE CERTIFICATE

Certified that this is the project report “DRIVER


ALERTNESS AND CONTROL SYSTEM” is the Bonafide work of “M.Nithiya
Lakshmi(1111069), S.Parasakthi (1111073), J.Pavithra (111174)” who carried
out the project work under my supervision.

SIGNATURE SIGNATURE

Dr. A. Shenbagavalli Mrs. C. Asha Beaula

HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT SUPERVISOR

Assistant Professor

Electronics and Electronics and

Communication Department Communication Department

National Engineering College National Engineering College

K.R. Nagar,Kovilpatti K.R. Nagar, Kovilpatti

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER NO. TITLE PAGE NO.

ABSTRACT

LIST OF TABLES

LIST OF FIGURES

ABBREVIATIONS

1. INTRODUCTION
2. EXISTING SYSTEM
3. EMBEDDED SYSTEM
3.1 KEY COMPONENTS OF
EMBEDDED SYSTEM
3.1.1 Processor
3.1.2 Memory

4. MICROCONTROLLER AT89S52

4.1 Pin Description

5. PROPOSED SYSTEM

5.1 Methodology

5.2 Heart Beat Sensor

5.3 Alcohol Sensor

5.4 Eye Blink Sensor

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5.5 Force Sensor

5.6 Temperture Sensor

5.7 Line Following Unit

6. DC MOTOR

7. POWER SUPPLY

7.1 Linear Power Supply

7.2 Power Supply Circuit Diagram

7.2.1 Step Down Transformer

7.2.2 Rectifier Unit

7.2.3 Filtering Unit

8. VOLTAGE REGULATOR

9. GSM MODEM

10. LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY

10.1. DOT MATRIX LIQUID CRYSTAL

DISPLAY CONTROLLER/ DRIVER

10.2. HD44780U CONTROLLER

DESCRIPTION

10.3. MEMORY ORGANISATION

10.4. REGISTERS

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10.5. INTERFACING TO THE MCU

10.6. SENDING DATA/COMMAND

IN 4-BIT MODE

11. RESULT

12. CONCLUSION

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ABSTRACT:

The leading causal factors in traffic accidents occurring

worldwide are driver drowsiness, drunk and drive and critical situation like heart

attack. Driver drowsiness resulting from sleep deprivation or sleep disorders is an

important factor for increasing number of accidents on today’s road. For this we

suggested an idea of making cars more intelligent and interactive which may notify

or resist user under unacceptable conditions. They may provide critical information

of real time situations to rescue him. This paper deals with a real time safety

prototype that controls the vehicle under driver fatigue, drunk and drive, heart

attack. The purpose of such a model is to advance a system to detect fatigue

symptoms in driver and control the speed of the vehicle to avoid accidents. Thus

the project is implemented with number of real time sensors such as Alcohol

sensor, Eye Blink sensor, heart pulse rate, Temperature sensor, Force sensor and

Line Follower.

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LIST OF TABLES

1. Specification of Alcohol Sensor


2. Specification of LCD

LIST OF GRAPH

1. Accidents
2. Graph of heart beat sensor
3. Force vs Resistance
4. Line vs Speed

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LIST OF FIGURES

1. Embedded System
2. Pin Diagram of Microcontroller
3. Block Diagram of Microcontroller
4. Block Diagram
5. Alcohol Sensor
6. Eye Blink Sensor
7. Force Sensor
8. Temperature Sensor
9. Number of the cells
10.Power Supply Block Diagram
11.Circuit Diagram
12.LM7805 Plastic Package
13.GSM MODEM
14.Block Diagram of Liquid Crystal Display
15.LCD Connections in 4-Bit Mode

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