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ENGLISH VOCABULARY FOR MUSIC AND MUSICOLOGY

Basic notes

ENGLISH VOCABULARY FOR MUSIC AND MUSICOLOGY Basic notes José María Casas Raya

José María Casas Raya

INDEX

1. THE SOUND

2

2. DURATION

3

2.1.

PART OF A NOTE

3

2.2.

NOTE VALUES AND MUSIC RESTS

4

3. PITCH

5

3.1. THE STAFF/STAVE

5

3.2. THE CLEFS

6

3.3. MUSICAL NOTES

7

3.4. ACCIDENTALS AND KEY SIGNATURE

7

4. LOUDNESS: ARTICULATION AND DYNAMICS

8

5. TIMBRE

10

5.1. MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS

10

5.2. VOICES

12

5.3. ENSEMBLES AND ORCHESTRA

12

6. MUSIC GENRE AND PERIODS

13

1.

THE SOUND

PERCEPTION OF SOUND

DURATION

Duración

PERCEPTION OF SOUND DURATION Duración PITCH Altura

PITCH

Altura

SOUND PERCEPTION OF SOUND DURATION Duración PITCH Altura LOUDNESS Intensidad TIMBRE TImbre 2

LOUDNESS

Intensidad

LOUDNESS Intensidad TIMBRE TImbre
LOUDNESS Intensidad TIMBRE TImbre

TIMBRE

TImbre

SOUND PERCEPTION OF SOUND DURATION Duración PITCH Altura LOUDNESS Intensidad TIMBRE TImbre 2

2.

DURATION

WORD

SPANISH TRANSLATION

 

Rhythm

Ritmo

Pulse

Pulso

Tempo

Tempo (velocidad del pulso)

Metre

Métrica

(ordenación

del

sistematizada

del

ritmo:

binario, ternario…)

Beat

Unidad

de

pulso

de

un

compás.

Measure/bar

Compás (pentagrama)

 

Note

Nota

Rest

Silencio

Time signature

Compás musical

 

2.1. PART OF A NOTE

 

WORD

SPANISH

TRANSLATION

TRANSLATION

1 Flag

Corchete

2 Stem

Plica

3 Notehead

Cabeza

WORD SPANISH TRANSLATION Beam Corchete (entre varias figuras) Dot Puntillo (Dotted + figure = dotted
WORD
SPANISH
TRANSLATION
Beam
Corchete
(entre
varias figuras)
Dot
Puntillo
(Dotted + figure = dotted crotchet).
Tie
Ligadura
de
prolongación.

2.2. NOTE VALUES AND MUSIC RESTS

Note/figure

Name (US,BR)

Rest

Name

Whole note Whole note rest  

Whole note

Whole note rest Whole note  

 

Semibreve

Semibreve rest

Half note Half note rest  

Half note

Half note rest Half note  

 

Minim

Minim rest

Fourth note Crotchet rest Fourth note rest

Fourth note

Crotchet restFourth note Fourth note rest

Fourth note rest

Crotchet

 
Eighth note Eighth note rest

Eighth note

Eighth note Eighth note rest

Eighth note rest

Quaver

Quaver rest

Sixteenth note   Sixteenth note

Sixteenth note

 

Sixteenth

note

rest

rest

Semiquaver

Semiquaver rest

3.

PITCH

WORD

SPANISH TRANSLATION

Staff/Stave

Pentagrama

Notation/Nomenclature

Notación

Clef

Clave

Ledger Line (*ledgered note

Línea adicional

= carácter adjetivo).

Nota con línea adicional.

Interval

Intervalo

Scale (Diatonic, chromatic)

Escala (diatónica, cromática)

System/The grand Staff

Sistema (pentagramas)

Accidental

Alteración

Key Signature

Armadura de la tonalidad

Tonality

Tonalidad (sistema tonal)

Modality (major, minor)

Modalidad (mayor, menor)

Chord

Acorde

3.1. THE STAFF/STAVE

(sistema tonal) Modality (major, minor) Modalidad (mayor, menor) Chord Acorde 3.1. THE STAFF/STAVE 5

LINES

Top line

Fourth line

Third line

Second lind

Bottom line

SPACES

Top space

Third Space

Second space

Bottom space

line SPACES Top space Third Space Second space Bottom space In a WRITTING mode… ON stave/staff

In a WRITTING mode…

In a WRITTING mode…

ON stave/staff lines On stave/staff spaces

ON stave/staff lines On stave/staff spaces

3.2. THE CLEFS

MOST USEFUL CLEFS

G

C

F

lines On stave/staff spaces 3.2. THE CLEFS MOST USEFUL CLEFS G C F Treble clef Middle/Alto
lines On stave/staff spaces 3.2. THE CLEFS MOST USEFUL CLEFS G C F Treble clef Middle/Alto
lines On stave/staff spaces 3.2. THE CLEFS MOST USEFUL CLEFS G C F Treble clef Middle/Alto
lines On stave/staff spaces 3.2. THE CLEFS MOST USEFUL CLEFS G C F Treble clef Middle/Alto

Treble clef

Middle/Alto

Clef

Tenor clef

Bass clef

lines On stave/staff spaces 3.2. THE CLEFS MOST USEFUL CLEFS G C F Treble clef Middle/Alto

3.3.

MUSICAL NOTES

3.3. MUSICAL NOTES DEGREES OF THE MUSICAL SCALE • 1st – Tonic (key note) • I

DEGREES OF THE MUSICAL SCALE

1st Tonic (key note)

I Tónica

2nd Supertonic

II Supertónica

3rd Mediant

III Mediante

4th Subdominant

IV Subdominante

5th Dominant

V Dominante

6th Submediant

VI Superdominante

VII Sensible/Subtónica

3.4. ACCIDENTALS AND KEY SIGNATURE

VI Superdominante • 7th – Leading tone • VII Sensible/Subtónica 3.4. ACCIDENTALS AND KEY SIGNATURE 7

7

4.

LOUDNESS: ARTICULATION AND DYNAMICS

ARTICULATION

SPANISH SYMBOL WORD TRANSLATION Ligadura de Slur expresión Stacatto Picado Tenuto Tenuto Accent Acento
SPANISH
SYMBOL
WORD
TRANSLATION
Ligadura de
Slur
expresión
Stacatto
Picado
Tenuto
Tenuto
Accent
Acento
Marcato
Marcato
Calderón o
Silence
fermata
Trill
Trino
Mordent
Mordente

DYNAMIC

DYNAMIC * Cre sc . / D im .: abreviaturas de ambos. *Hairpins = reguladores. 9

* Cre sc . / D im .: abreviaturas de ambos.

*Hairpins = reguladores.

5.

TIMBRE 5.1. MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS

WORD

SPANISH TRANSLATION

Guitar

Guitarra

Recorder

Flauta de pico

Timpani

Timbal

Xylophone

Xilófono

Tambourine

Pandereta

Cymbals

Platillo

Euphonium

Bombardino

Claves

Claves

Maracas

Maracas

Violin

Violín

Clarinet

Clarinete

French horn

Trompa

Trombone

Trombón

Guirp

Güiro

Drum

Tambor

Harp

Arpa

Oboe

Oboe

Flute

Flauta travesera

Saxophone

Saxofón

Tuba

Tuba

Wood block

Caja china

Double bass

Contrabajo

Keyboard

Teclado

Cello

Violonchelo

Organ

Órgano

Triangle

Triángulo

Trumpet

Trompeta

Snare drum

Caja (tambor)

Piano

Piano

Vibraslap

Vibraslap o trafaplás

Viola

viola

Bass drum

Bombo

Jingle

Sonaja

Basoon

Fagot

English horn

Corno inglés

Piccolo

Piccolo

5.2.

VOICES

5.2. VOICES 5.3. ENSEMBLES AND ORCHESTRA WORD SPANISH TRANSLATION Rock band Banda de rock Brass Quartet

5.3. ENSEMBLES AND ORCHESTRA

WORD

SPANISH TRANSLATION

Rock band

Banda de rock

Brass Quartet

Cuarteto de viento (metal)

Symphony orchestra

Orquesta sinfónica

Voice ensemble /Choir

Conjunto de voces/Coro

String quartet

Cuarteto de cuerda

Chamber ensemble

Conjunto de cámara

Woodwind quartet

Quinteto de viento (madera)

String chamber orchestra

Orquesta de cámara

Concert band

Banda sinfónica

THE ORCHESTRA

PERCUSSION BR-ASS WOODWIND STRING CONDUCTOR
PERCUSSION
BR-ASS
WOODWIND
STRING
CONDUCTOR

6. MUSIC GENRE AND PERIODS

 

I.

CLASSICAL

1)

Medieval Period

2)

Renaissance Period

From about 500 to 1500 AD.

From 1500 to 1600.

3)

Baroque Period

4)

Classical Period

From 1600 to 1750.

From 1750 to 1820.

5)

Romantic Period

6)

Twentieth Century

From 1820 to WWI.

 
 

II. JAZZ

 
 

III. SINGER-SONGWRITER

 
 

IV. POP VOCALIST

 
 

V. COMEDY