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 Are hints that an author gives to help define a 4. Inference/General Context Clues
difficult or unusual word within a book. The clue  Sometimes a word or phrase is not immediately
may appear within the same sentence as the clarified within the same sentence. Relationships,
word to which it refers or it may follow in the which are not directly apparent, are inferred or
next sentence. implied. The reader must look for clues within,
before, and after the sentence in which the word
CLUES: Ex: “The Haberdashery was Lou’s favourite place. He
loved shopping for nice suits. The people who
1. Definition/Explanation Clues
worked there were so kind and helpful.”
 Sometimes a words or phrase meaning is
5. Punctuation
explained immediately after its use.
 Readers can also use clues of punctuation and
Ex: “Haberdashery, which is a store that sells men’s
type style to inferred meaning, such as quotation
clothing, is becoming more common today.”
marks (showing the word has a special meaning),
2. Restatement/Synonym Clues
dashes, parentheses or brackets (enclosing a
 Sometimes a hard word or phrase is said in a
definition), and italics (showing the word will be
simple way.
Ex: “Lou was sent to the Haberdashery to find a new
Ex: Tom’s father was a Haberdasher, or
suit. He needed to wear one for his uncle’s wedding.”
men’s shop keeper, in the story.
*Because the sentence says that Lou would find a suit at
Tom’s father was a Haberdasher (men’s
the Haberdashery, then it must be place were clothes for
shop keeper) in the story.
men are sold.
In the story, Tom’s father was a
3. Contrast/Antonym Clues
Haberdasher-or men’s shop keeper.
 Sometimes a word or phrase is clarified by the
Tom’s father was a “Haberdasher”. He had
presentation of the opposite meaning somewhere
a clothing store for men.
close to its use. Look for the signal words when
applying context clues.
Ex: “Lou wanted to go Haberdashery, but Ann wanted
to shop at the boutique.”
The signal word but tells the reader that an opposite
thought is going to be stated.