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Special Product Special Product

1. Square of a Binomial 1. Square of a Binomial


(𝑥 + 𝑦)2 = 𝑥 2 + 2𝑥𝑦 + 𝑦 2 (𝑥 + 𝑦)2 = 𝑥 2 + 2𝑥𝑦 + 𝑦 2
(𝑥 − 𝑦)2 = 𝑥 2 − 2𝑥𝑦 + 𝑦 2 (𝑥 − 𝑦)2 = 𝑥 2 − 2𝑥𝑦 + 𝑦 2
Steps in Squaring a Binomial: Steps in Squaring a Binomial:
1. Square the first term. 1. Square the first term.
2. Twice the product of the first and the second term. 2. Twice the product of the first and the second term.
3. Squaring the last term. 3. Squaring the last term.
2. Product of the Sum and Difference of the Same Two 2. Product of the Sum and Difference of the Same Two
Terms Terms
(𝑥 + 𝑦)(𝑥 − 𝑦) = 𝑥 2 − 𝑦 2 (𝑥 + 𝑦)(𝑥 − 𝑦) = 𝑥 2 − 𝑦 2
To get the product of the sum and difference of the same To get the product of the sum and difference of the same
two terms, just get the difference of the square of the first two terms, just get the difference of the square of the first
term and the square of the second term. term and the square of the second term.
3. Cube of a Binomial 3. Cube of a Binomial
(𝑥 + 𝑦)3 = 𝑥 3 + 3𝑥 2 𝑦 + 3𝑥𝑦 2 + 𝑦 3 (𝑥 + 𝑦)3 = 𝑥 3 + 3𝑥 2 𝑦 + 3𝑥𝑦 2 + 𝑦 3
(𝑥 − 𝑦)3 = 𝑥 3 − 3𝑥 2 𝑦 + 3𝑥𝑦 2 − 𝑦 3 (𝑥 − 𝑦)3 = 𝑥 3 − 3𝑥 2 𝑦 + 3𝑥𝑦 2 − 𝑦 3
Steps in Cubing a Binomial: Steps in Cubing a Binomial:
1. Cube the first term. 1. Cube the first term.
2. Thrice the square of the first term times the last term. 2. Thrice the square of the first term times the last term.
3. Thrice the square if the second term times the first 3. Thrice the square if the second term times the first
term. term.
4. Cube the last term. 4. Cube the last term.
4. Special case of the Product of a Binomial and a Trinomial 4. Special case of the Product of a Binomial and a Trinomial
(𝒙 + 𝒚)(𝒙𝟐 − 𝒙𝒚 + 𝒚𝟐 ) = 𝒙𝟑 + 𝒚𝟑 (𝒙 + 𝒚)(𝒙𝟐 − 𝒙𝒚 + 𝒚𝟐 ) = 𝒙𝟑 + 𝒚𝟑
(𝒙 − 𝒚)(𝒙𝟐 + 𝒙𝒚 + 𝒚𝟐 ) = 𝒙𝟑 − 𝒚𝟑 (𝒙 − 𝒚)(𝒙𝟐 + 𝒙𝒚 + 𝒚𝟐 ) = 𝒙𝟑 − 𝒚𝟑

The product of a binomial and a trinomial will NOT always The product of a binomial and a trinomial will NOT always
lead to Sum of Two Cubes lead to Sum of Two Cubes
(x3 + y3) or Difference of Two cubes (x 3 - y3). We need to (x3 + y3) or Difference of Two cubes (x 3 - y3). We need to
inspect if the given trinomial factor is “fit” with our inspect if the given trinomial factor is fit with our binomial
binomial factor. factor.
1. The first term of the trinomial factor is the square of 1. The first term of the trinomial factor is the square of
the first term of the binomial. the first term of the binomial.
2. The second term of the trinomial is the negative 2. The second term of the trinomial is the negative
product of the first and the second term of the product of the first and the second term of the
binomial. binomial.
3. The last term of the trinomial factor is the square of 3. The last term of the trinomial factor is the square of
the last term of the binomial factor. the last term of the binomial factor.

(If these three conditions are satisfied then we can (If these three conditions are satisfied then we can
apply the special case of the product of a binomial apply the special case of the product of a binomial
and a trinomial) and a trinomial)
5. Square of a Trinomial 5. Square of a Trinomial
(𝑎 + 𝑏 + 𝑐)2 = 𝑎2 + 𝑏2 + 𝑐 2 + 2𝑎𝑏 + 2𝑎𝑐 + 2𝑏𝑐 (𝑎 + 𝑏 + 𝑐)2 = 𝑎2 + 𝑏2 + 𝑐 2 + 2𝑎𝑏 + 2𝑎𝑐 + 2𝑏𝑐

Steps in squaring a trinomial: Steps in squaring a trinomial:


1. Square the first term. 1. Square the first term.
2. Square the second term. 2. Square the second term.
3. Square the last term. 3. Square the last term.
4. Twice the product of the first and second 4. Twice the product of the first and second
term. term.
5. Twice the product of the second and last 5. Twice the product of the second and last
term. term.
6. Twice the product of the first and last term. 6. Twice the product of the first and last term.