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Chapter 4: Mensuration

Worksheet

1. Find the following quantities, giving your answers to three signicant gures where appropriate:

 a. the area of a rectangle which is 6 cm by 4 cm. b. the area of a kite with diagonals of length 9 cm and 4 cm. c. the circumference and area of a circle of diameter 22 metres. d. the area of a regular pentagon inscribed inside a circle of radius 12 cm. e. the volume and surface area of a cuboid 4 cm by 10 cm by 15 cm. f. the volume and surface area of a solid cylinder of radius 6 cm and height 20 cm. g. the volume and surface area of a sphere of radius 5 cm. h. the volume and surface area of a right circular cone with base radius 5 cm and perpendicular height 6 cm. 2. A circle has area 50 cm 2 . Find its circumference. a. b. A sphere has volume 200 cm 3 . Find its surface area. c. A large solid metal sphere of radius 25 cm is melted down and the metal is used to make small spheres of radius 1 cm. How many can be made? d. Another large solid metal sphere of radius 25 cm is melted down and the metal is used to make cylinders with radius 1 cm and height 2 cm. How many can be made?

3. An A4 sheet of paper is 297 × 210 mm. It can make two cylindrical shapes depending on which edge is used as the height. Which edge should be used

if you want the volume to be as large as possible.

4. A child’s toy is made up of a hemisphere of radius 15 cm surmounted by a cone of slant height 25 cm. Find the volume and surface area of the toy.

5. A circle of radius 8 cm has centre O and points A, B, C and D lie on the circumference, in the order ABCD. AOB = 70 0 , BOC = 120 0 and COD = 140 0 . Calculate the following:

 a. The minor arc length AB. b. The area of the sector AOB. c. The chord length BC d. the area of the minor segment cut off by chord CD e*. the area of the triangle BCD 6. hollow cylindrical pipe has internal and external diameters of 60 cm and 70 cm A

respectively, and has length 15 metres.

a. Find the volume of material used to make the pipe. Give your answer in cm 3 in standard form.

b. The inside and outside curved surface areas and the two ends of pipe are to be covered in a special material. What is the total surface are to be covered. Give your answer in m 2 to three signicant gures.

7*. A cylinder with base radius x and height 3x is melted down and reshaped into

a sphere of radius r . Express r exactly in terms of x.

8*. The largest possible solid cone is placed inside a box which is a cube of side 20 cm. What proportion of the space inside the box is occupied by the cone?

* next to a question means that it is harder  Solutions

Worksheet

1.

2.

a. 24 cm 2

b. 18 cm 2

c. circumference = 69.1 m; area = 380 m 2

d. 342 cm 2

e. volume = 600 cm 3 ;

f. volume = 2260 cm 3 ;

g. volume = 523 cm 3 ;

h. volume = 157 cm 3 ;

c. 15 625

d. 10 416

surface area = 500 cm 2

surface area = 980 cm 2

surface area = 314 cm 2

surface area = 201 cm 2

circumference = 25.1 cm

surface area = 165 cm 2

3. Use shorter edge (210 mm)as height – the other length is proportional to the radius and will affect volume through its square, where height only appears once.

4. Cone has height 20 cm. volume = 11 800 cm 3 ; surface area = 2590 cm 2 .

5.

a. 9.77 cm.

b.

39.1 cm 2 .

c.

13.9 cm

d. the area of the minor segment cut off by chord CD = sector COD – triangle COD = 57.6 cm 2

e*. area BCD = sum of areas BOC,

COD and DOB =

6.

7*. a. 1.53 × 10 5 cm 3
9
r
3
x
4

1

2

8

2

sin120 sin140 sin100

b.

26.8 m 2 .

49.8cm

2

8*. Base radius of cone is 10 cm, height is 20 cm.

Volume =

1

3 10

2 20 which is 26.2% of the box volume.  