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Halloween vs. Día de los Muertos: Materials:
Halloween vs. Día de los Muertos:
Materials:
Halloween vs. Día de los Muertos Halloween and Día de los Muertos are very different
Halloween vs. Día de los Muertos
Halloween and Día de los Muertos are very different
celebrations, but sometimes people confuse the two. Can you
sort out the facts about each tradition and set the record
straight?

Harmful spirits are warded off by frightening costumes and masks.

Traditional activities include trick or treating and visiting haunted

Black and orange are colors associated with the holiday.

Celebrates the end of summer and the coming of winter.

likely originates from the Gaelic festival of Samhain.

It’s name comes from the phrase “All Hollows Eve”.

common decoration is the jack-o-lantern.

is celebrated on October 31st.

houses.

A

It

It

Some traditional food includes sugar skulls and Pan de Muertos.

is celebrated throughout Latin America and everywhere with a

Traditionally, families decorate ofrendas, or altars, with pictures,

It celebrates the life and death of ancestors, friends, and family.

The celebration is a blend of both the indigenous and Catholic traditions.

flowers, and food to honor the memory of their lost ones.

Latino population, including the United States.

This celebration takes place over two days.

It’s celebrated on November 1st and 2nd.

common decoration are marigolds.

A

It

Día de los Muertos

La Ofrenda

La Ofrenda Materials:
La Ofrenda Materials:
La Ofrenda Materials:

Materials:

La Ofrenda Materials:
La Ofrenda Materials:
La Ofrenda Materials:
La Ofrenda Materials:
La Ofrenda Materials:
Las Ofrendas Families honor the memory of their deceased loved ones by making altars and
Las Ofrendas
Families honor the memory of their deceased loved ones by
making altars and decorating graves. They clean and decorate the
graves of their loved ones, often leaving marigolds, or photos.
Las ofrendas are usually found in homes and demonstrate the
love of those left behind for those who have passed. They will place
favorite toys or belongings, food, or pictures on the altar. Las ofrendas
help people remember their loved ones and honor their memory.
Look at the decorations surrounding the ofrenda and match the
description with the labeled images.
B C
B
C
A D E F
A
D
E
F
B C A D E F
B C A D E F

Las fotos - Pictures of the one the altar is dedicated to help the loved ones recall them in the prime of their lives.

Las fotos - Pictures of the one the altar is dedicated to help the loved ones recall them in the prime of their lives.

Las fotos - Pictures of the one the altar is dedicated to help the loved ones recall them in the prime of their lives.

Pan de muerto - Mexican sweet bread, often decorated with bone shaped pieces of dough on top.

Pan de muerto - Mexican sweet bread, often decorated with bone shaped pieces of dough on top.

Pan de muerto - Mexican sweet bread, often decorated with bone shaped pieces of dough on top.

Papel picado - Tissue paper is cut up and used as decoration on the ofrenda.
Papel picado -
Tissue paper is
cut up and
used as
decoration on
the ofrenda.
Las velas - A candle is lit for the each of the deceased. Calaveras de
Las velas - A candle is lit for
the each of the deceased.
Calaveras de azúcar - Sugar
skulls are created from sugar
and decorated with
multi-colored icing, shiny foil,
sequins and glitter.
Papel picado -
Tissue paper is
cut up and
used as
decoration on
the ofrenda.
Papel picado -
Tissue paper is
cut up and
used as
decoration on
the ofrenda.

Las velas - A candle is lit for the each of the deceased.

Las velas - A candle is lit for the each of the deceased.

Calaveras de azúcar - Sugar

Calaveras de azúcar - Sugar

skulls are created from sugar and decorated with multi-colored icing, shiny foil, sequins and glitter.

skulls are created from sugar and decorated with multi-colored icing, shiny foil, sequins and glitter.

Las flores- Marigolds guide the spirits to their altars using their vibrant colors and scent.

Las flores- Marigolds guide the spirits to their altars using their vibrant colors and scent.

Las flores- Marigolds guide the spirits to their altars using their vibrant colors and scent.

**Print and cut apart if you choose to have the students physically label the map with the pieces. There are three copies so you can have multiple students doing the activity at once.

Las Ofrendas

Nombre:

Look at the decorations surrounding the ofrenda and write the letter of the item next to the matching description.

Las fotos - Pictures of the one the altar is dedicated to help the loved ones recall them in the prime of their lives.

Pan de muerto - Mexican sweet bread, often decorated with bone shaped pieces of dough on top.

Las velas - A candle is lit for the each of the deceased.

Calaveras de azúcar - Sugar skulls are

created from sugar and decorated with multi-colored icing, shiny foil, sequins and glitter.

Papel picado - Tissue paper is cut up and used as decoration on the ofrenda.

Las flores- Marigolds guide the spirits to their altars using their vibrant colors and scent.

Las Ofrendas

Nombre:

Look at the decorations surrounding the ofrenda and write the letter of the item next to the matching description.

Las fotos - Pictures of the one the altar is dedicated to help the loved ones recall them in the prime of their lives.

Pan de muerto - Mexican sweet bread, often decorated with bone shaped pieces of dough on top.

Las velas - A candle is lit for the each of the deceased.

Calaveras de azúcar - Sugar skulls are

created from sugar and decorated with multi-colored icing, shiny foil, sequins and glitter.

Papel picado - Tissue paper is cut up and used as decoration on the ofrenda.

Las flores- Marigolds guide the spirits to their altars using their vibrant colors and scent.

Las fotos - Pictures of the one the altar is dedicated to help the loved ones recall them in the prime of their lives.

Calaveras de azúcar - Sugar

skulls are created from sugar and decorated with multi-colored icing, shiny foil, sequins and glitter.

B
B
with multi-colored icing, shiny foil, sequins and glitter. B C Pan de muerto - Mexican sweet
C
C

Pan de muerto - Mexican sweet bread, often decorated with bone shaped pieces of dough on top.

A D E
A
D
E

Papel picado - Tissue paper is cut up and used as decoration on the ofrenda.

paper is cut up and used as decoration on the ofrenda. Las velas - A candle
paper is cut up and used as decoration on the ofrenda. Las velas - A candle

Las velas - A candle is lit for the each of the deceased.

Las flores- Marigolds guide the spirits to their altars using their vibrant colors and scent.

Chumba la Cachumba Materials:
Chumba la Cachumba Materials:
Chumba la Cachumba Materials:
Chumba la Cachumba Materials:
Chumba la Cachumba Materials:
Chumba la Cachumba Materials:

Chumba la Cachumba

Chumba la Cachumba Materials:
Chumba la Cachumba Materials:
Chumba la Cachumba Materials:
Chumba la Cachumba Materials:

Materials:

Chumba la Cachumba Materials:
Chumba la Cachumba Materials:
Chumba la Cachumba Materials:
Chumba la Cachumba Materials:
Chumba la Cachumba Materials:
Chumba la Cachumba Materials:
Chumba la Cachumba Materials:
Chumba la Cachumba- Canción This song is originally from Costa Rica, but like lots of
Chumba la Cachumba- Canción
This song is originally from Costa Rica, but like lots of
songs, you can find different versions in different countries. All of
the songs move around the clock, but in some versions the
number of skeletons matches the hour. The actions that the
skeletons do change, and in some versions the chorus is tumbas
por allí, tumbas por allá, in others, tumba, tumba, tumbaba, in
others chumba la cachumba la cachumba lá.
Listen to the song http://bit.ly/2c1ONZE and
answer the questions on your listening sheet.

Chumba, La Cachumba, La Cachumbambá

Escucha la canción en la computadora. Contesta las preguntas en frases completas.

A las diez los esqueletos corren una res ¿Qué es ‘res’?

¿A qué hora están los esqueletos en mal tiempo?

¿A qué hora salen de la tumba los esqueletos?

¿A qué hora los esqueletos mueven los pies?

¿Cuándo se van a la luna los esqueletos?

¿Qué juegan los esqueletos a las cuatro?

¿Te gusta la canción? ¿Por qué?

¿A qué hora lanzan un cohete?

¿A qué hora nombren un rey?

¿Qué cantan los esqueletos?

qué? ¿A qué hora lanzan un cohete? ¿A qué hora nombren un rey? ¿Qué cantan los
qué? ¿A qué hora lanzan un cohete? ¿A qué hora nombren un rey? ¿Qué cantan los
qué? ¿A qué hora lanzan un cohete? ¿A qué hora nombren un rey? ¿Qué cantan los

¡Chumba la cachumba, la cachumbambá!

Los esqueletos lanzan un

Chumba, La Cachumba, La Cachumbambá

,

Cuando el reloj marca las
Cuando el reloj marca las
La Cachumba, La Cachumbambá , Cuando el reloj marca las ¡Chumba la cachumba, la cachumbambá! ¡Chumba

¡Chumba la cachumba, la cachumbambá!

¡Chumba la cachumba, la cachumbambá!

¡Chumba la cachumba, la cachumbambá!

¡Chumba la cachumba, la cachumbambá!

¡Chumba la cachumba, la cachumbambá!

¡Chumba la cachumba, la cachumbambá!

Los esqueletos se ponen en pose.

Los esqueletos tocan los bronces.

Los esqueletos comen bizcocho.

Los esqueletos corren una res.

Los esqueletos ven como

Cuando el reloj marca las

Cuando el reloj marca las

Cuando el reloj marca las

Cuando el reloj marca las

Cuando el reloj marca las

Cuando el reloj marca la

Los esqueletos van a la

,

,

,

,

,

,

Nombre Listen to the song and write the missing words. Use the word bank to help you.

luna

llueve

teatro

cohete

diez

una

nueve

una

dos

tres

cuatro

cinco

seis

Siete

ocho

¡Chumba la cachumba, la cachumbambá! Cuando el reloj marca las

¡Chumba la cachumba, la cachumbambá!

¡Chumba la cachumba, la cachumbambá!

¡Chumba la cachumba, la cachumbambá!

¡Chumba la cachumba, la cachumbambá!

¡Chumba la cachumba, la cachumbambá!

Los esqueletos salen de la tumba

Los esqueletos cantan a una voz.

Los esqueletos mueven los pies.

Los esqueletos pegan un brinco.

Los esqueletos nombran un rey.

Cuando el reloj marca las

Cuando el reloj marca las

Cuando el reloj marca las

Cuando el reloj marca las

Los esqueletos juegan al

Cuando el reloj marca la

,

,

,

,

,

,

¡Chumba la cachumba, la cachumbambá!

Los esqueletos lanzan un cohete.

Cuando el reloj marca las siete,

Chumba, La Cachumba, La Cachumbambá

Chumba, La Cachumba, La Cachumbambá
Chumba, La Cachumba, La Cachumbambá
Chumba, La Cachumba, La Cachumbambá
Chumba, La Cachumba, La Cachumbambá
Chumba, La Cachumba, La Cachumbambá
Chumba, La Cachumba, La Cachumbambá
Chumba, La Cachumba, La Cachumbambá
Chumba, La Cachumba, La Cachumbambá
Chumba, La Cachumba, La Cachumbambá

¡Chumba la cachumba, la cachumbambá!

¡Chumba la cachumba, la cachumbambá!

¡Chumba la cachumba, la cachumbambá!

¡Chumba la cachumba, la cachumbambá!

¡Chumba la cachumba, la cachumbambá!

¡Chumba la cachumba, la cachumbambá!

Los esqueletos se ponen en pose.

Los esqueletos tocan los bronces.

Cuando el reloj marca las nueve,

Los esqueletos comen bizcocho.

Los esqueletos ven como llueve.

Cuando el reloj marca las doce,

Cuando el reloj marca las ocho,

Cuando el reloj marca las once,

Los esqueletos corren una res.

Cuando el reloj marca las diez,

Cuando el reloj marca la una,

Los esqueletos van a la luna

¡Chumba la cachumba, la cachumbambá! Cuando el reloj marca las seis,

¡Chumba la cachumba, la cachumbambá!

¡Chumba la cachumba, la cachumbambá!

¡Chumba la cachumba, la cachumbambá!

¡Chumba la cachumba, la cachumbambá!

¡Chumba la cachumba, la cachumbambá!

Los esqueletos salen de la tumba

Los esqueletos cantan a una voz.

Cuando el reloj marca las cuatro,

Los esqueletos mueven los pies.

Los esqueletos pegan un brinco.

Los esqueletos nombran un rey.

Cuando el reloj marca las cinco,

Los esqueletos juegan al teatro.

Cuando el reloj marca las tres,

Cuando el reloj marca las dos,

Cuando el reloj marca la una,

La Calavera Glyph Materials:
La Calavera Glyph Materials:
La Calavera Glyph Materials:
La Calavera Glyph Materials:
La Calavera Glyph Materials:

La Calavera Glyph

La Calavera Glyph Materials:
La Calavera Glyph Materials:
La Calavera Glyph Materials:
La Calavera Glyph Materials:

Materials:

La Calavera Glyph Materials:
La Calavera Glyph Materials:
La Calavera Glyph Materials:
La Calavera Glyph Materials:
La Calavera Glyph Materials:
La Calavera Glyph Materials:
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph

La Calavera Glyph

La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph
La Calavera Glyph

As Day of the Dead approaches, you can buy skeleton statues made of wood or paper mache that show skeletons engaged in all areas of occupation, such as bakers, musicians, doctors, bullfighters, dancers, and many more. For example, if your late uncle was a baker, you can buy one of the skeleton statues that looks like a baker and place it on his altar or next to his grave, along with other offerings. His spirit will be pleased and your efforts will make it easier for him to find his way back to visit you during the Days of the Dead. Animal skeletons are another important part of Day of the Dead imagery – such as dog skeletons,

The most popular Day of the Dead icons are skulls and skeletons, which pop up everywhere on the days and weeks leading up to Dia de los Muertos. Day of the Dead skulls and skeletons are whimsical and colorful, rather than scary or creepy. They symbolize mortality and the cycle of life and death. Skulls are called calaveras in Spanish, so you will often see Day of the Dead skulls referred to as "calaveras". The prominence of skulls as a Day of the Dead icon date back to the days of the Aztecs. Back then, skulls were important icons that illustrated their belief in the existence of an afterlife. In Mexican culture, skulls continue to symbolize death and rebirth. Day of the Dead skulls take on many appearances in modern Day of the Dead celebrations. Day of the Dead skulls show up on altars and ofrendas, as well as graveyards and shop windows. Some people people paint their faces with black and white make-up to resemble skulls, while others may wear skull t-shirts bearing colorful sugar skull designs. Wooden or paper skull masks are also popular to wear during Day of the Dead festivities. Sugar skulls and chocolate skulls are popular gifts enjoyed by both the living and the dead. You can get them customized with the recipient's name written upon the skull's forehead. It's not creepy — it's cool! Skeletons (called calacas in Spanish) are another prominent Day of the Dead icon. Day of the Dead skeletons can take many forms, but all of them are whimsical and joyful — never scary or sad.

Día de los Muertos skeletons are typically long, skinny and well-dressed, like the famous skeletons drawn by Mexican artist José Guadalupe Posada. Posada's skeletons are amongst the most famous Day of the Dead icons because they poke sarcastic fun at how death is the great equalizer — even the rich can't escape from death! Posada's "Catrina" is perhaps his most well-known Day of the Dead skeleton. She is a richly-dressed woman dressed in fancy clothes, appearing to enjoy the good life — except she is a skeleton, having passed away long ago. Even so, she continues to enjoy herself long after she has died.

Las Calaveras y Las Calacas

cat skeletons, bird skeletons, horse skeletons, and more.

Las Calaveras y Las Calacas cat skeletons, bird skeletons, horse skeletons, and more. Catrina, by Jose

Catrina, by Jose Guadalupe Posada

Las Calaveras y Las Calacas Glyph Nombre: Use the information from the reading to choose

Las Calaveras y Las Calacas Glyph Nombre:

Use the information from the reading to choose the correct answer. Then color the calavera according to your answers!

1. Skeletons and skulls on Day of the Dead are meant to be Rojo: creepy Amarillo: scary Verde: whimsical or joyful

2. Skulls as a symbol on Day of the Dead date back to:

Morado: when the Spanish occupied Mexico Negro: last week Amarillo: the Aztecs

3. Skeletons are called Azul: calacas Rosado: calaveras Amarillo: caballeros

in Spanish.

4. The most famous skeletons of Día de los Muertos were

drawn by:

Morado: Diego Rivera Verde: Frida Kahlo Anaranjado: José Guadalupe Posada

5. His sketch known as

recognized Day of the Dead skeletons. Azul: Catarina Rosado: Catalina Negro: Catrina

is one of the most

Color any unnumbered part of the Calavera any colors that you like!

Un Cortometraje

Un Cortometraje Materials:
Un Cortometraje Materials:
Un Cortometraje Materials:
Un Cortometraje Materials:

Materials:

Un Cortometraje Materials:
Un Cortometraje Materials:
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ

Un Cortometraje

Un Cortometraje
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ
Un Cortometraje http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ

Un Cortometraje

Nombre: Watch the video at http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ .Then, answer the reflection questions below: 1. Did you
Nombre:
Watch the video at http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ .Then, answer the
reflection questions below:
1. Did you notice any special decorations throughout the video?
What were they?
2. What was the little girl feeling in the beginning of the corto? How
do you know?
3. When did the mood in the video change? What caused the
change?
4. Who was the skeleton and what was the relationship to the little
girl?
5. What does Día de los Muertos have to do with relatives who
have passed away?

Un Cortometraje

Nombre: Watch the video at http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ .Then, answer the reflection questions below: 1. Did you
Nombre:
Watch the video at http://bit.ly/2c41JmZ .Then, answer the
reflection questions below:
1. Did you notice any special decorations throughout the video?
What were they?
2. What was the little girl feeling in the beginning of the corto? How
do you know?
3. When did the mood in the video change? What caused the
change?
4. Who was the skeleton and what was the relationship to the little
girl?
5. What does Día de los Muertos have to do with relatives who
have passed away?

Design a Calavera

Design a Calavera Materials:
Design a Calavera Materials:

Materials:

Design a Calavera Materials:
Design a Calavera Materials:
Design a Calavera Materials:
Design a Calavera Materials:
Design a Calavera Materials:
Design a Calavera
Design a Calavera
Design a Calavera
Design a Calavera
Design a Calavera
Design a Calavera
Design a Calavera
Design a Calavera
Design a Calavera
Design a Calavera
Design a Calavera
Design a Calavera
Design a Calavera
Design a Calavera

Design a Calavera

Design a Calavera
Design a Calavera
Design a Calavera
Design a Calavera
Design a Calavera
Design a Calavera
Design a Calavera
Design a Calavera
Design a Calavera
Design a Calavera
Design a Calavera
Design a Calavera
Design a Calavera
Design a Calavera
Design a Calavera
Design a Calavera
Design a Calavera
Design a Calavera
Design a Calavera
Design a Calavera
Design a Calavera
Design a Calavera

How to Draw a Calavera

How to Draw a Calavera Add some designs and embellishment to your Calavera! Designs First, you
How to Draw a Calavera Add some designs and embellishment to your Calavera! Designs First, you

Add some designs and embellishment to your Calavera!

Designs

First, you will draw the outside of the skull. Next, add some shapes of your
First, you
will draw
the
outside of
the skull.
Next, add some shapes
of your choosing for
eyes, nose, and mouth.
Eyes
Noses
Mouths

Finally, color your calavera.

Next, add some shapes of your choosing for eyes, nose, and mouth. Eyes Noses Mouths Finally,
Next, add some shapes of your choosing for eyes, nose, and mouth. Eyes Noses Mouths Finally,
Next, add some shapes of your choosing for eyes, nose, and mouth. Eyes Noses Mouths Finally,

Unos ejemplos de calaveras

Unos ejemplos de calaveras
Historia de Día de los Muertos Materials:

Historia de Día de los Muertos

Historia de Día de los Muertos Materials:
Historia de Día de los Muertos Materials:
Historia de Día de los Muertos Materials:

Materials:

Historia de Día de los Muertos Materials:
Historia de Día de los Muertos Materials:
Historia de Día de los Muertos Materials:
Historia de Día de los Muertos Materials:
Historia de Día de los Muertos

Historia de Día de los Muertos

Historia de Día de los Muertos
Historia de Día de los Muertos
Historia de Día de los Muertos
Historia de Día de los Muertos
Historia de Día de los Muertos
Historia de Día de los Muertos
Historia de Día de los Muertos
Historia de Día de los Muertos
Historia de Día de los Muertos

encountered natives practicing a ritual that seemed to mock death. It was a ritual the indigenous people had been practicing at least 3,000 years. A ritual the Spaniards would try unsuccessfully to get rid of.

More than 500 years ago, when the Spanish Conquistadors landed in what is now central Mexico, they

/

Historia de Día de los Muertos

The Aztecs and other Meso-American civilizations kept skulls as trophies and displayed them during the ritual. The skulls were used to symbolize death and rebirth.The skulls were used to honor the dead, whom the Aztecs and other Meso-American civilizations believed came back to visit during the monthlong ritual. Unlike the Spaniards, who viewed death as the end of life, the natives viewed it as the continuation of life. Instead of fearing death, they embraced it. To them, life was a dream and only in death did they become truly awake. However, the Spaniards considered the ritual to be sacrilegious. They perceived the indigenous people to be barbaric and pagan. In their attempts to convert them to Catholicism, the Spaniards tried to kill the ritual, but like the old Aztec spirits, the ritual refused to die.

Today, Day of the Dead is celebrated in Mexico and in certain parts of the United States and Central America, and those celebrations differ depending on where you are. In rural Mexico, people visit the cemetery where their loved ones are buried. They decorate gravesites with marigold flowers and candles. They bring toys for dead children and bottles of tequila to adults. They sit on picnic blankets next to gravesites and eat the favorite food of their loved ones. In the United States and in Mexico's larger cities, families build altars in their homes, dedicating them to the dead. They surround these altars with flowers, food and pictures of the deceased. They light candles and place them next to the altar.

Today, people don wooden skull masks and dance in honor of their deceased relatives. The wooden skulls also are placed on altars that are dedicated to the dead. Sugar skulls, made with the names of the dead person on the forehead, are eaten by a relative or friend.

A ritual known today as Día de los Muertos, or Day of the Dead. Día de los Muertos is celebrated in Mexico and certain parts of the United States. Although the ritual has since been merged with Catholic theology, it still maintains the basic principles of the Aztec ritual, such as the use of skulls.

To make the ritual more Christian, the Spaniards moved it so it coincided with All Saints' Day and All Souls' Day (Nov. 1 and 2), which is when it is celebrated today. Previously it fell on the ninth month of the Aztec Solar Calendar, approximately the beginning of August, and was celebrated for the entire month. Festivities were presided over by the goddess Mictecacihuatl. The goddess, known as "Lady of the Dead," was believed to have died at birth.

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La Historia de Día de los Muertos Nombre: Read the article on the history of
La Historia de Día de los Muertos
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